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lm. 7-7-44. 



PRESENTED BY fleci cUlTy ' J 01110 6 

date— May 1 9 gi 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 



What the Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Stands For 

EGINNING with this issue, the style 
and size of the Magazine are 

changed for the purpose of making it 
more attractive, and, it is hoped, more 
interesting and helpful to its readers. 
The new name, "Baltimore and Ohio 
Magazine," is adopted because it more 
exactly describes the Magazine itself, 
published, as it is, by The Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad Company and at its entire 

The Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 
will stand, first and always, for unquali- 
fied Americanism: 

Americanism which believes that our democracy 
is the fairest government on earth, because it gives 
to its citizens protection without paternalism, and 
at the same time the largest measure of liberty, 
because it is liberty supported by just laws. 

Americanism which recognizes these funda- 
mental principles of national well-being: Full 
religious liberty and the integrity of our public 
school system. The conservation of our human 
resources through advanced laws, carefully pre- 
pared for the purpose of properly safeguarding 
working and living conditions, and for the proper 
enforcement of Safety regulations. 

Americanism which bestows the rights of citizen- 
ship upon only such as are qualified to exercise 
them properly and defend them. 

Americanism which holds as its finest attribute 
a cheerful willingness to be loyal to its ideals, no 
matter what the cost to the individual. 

The Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 
stands opposed to the so-called "Nation- 
alization of Industry;" opposed to any 
change in the fundamental principles of 
private ownership of property. 

The Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 
takes this position because it believes that 
the individualism which insures the inde- 
pendence of character and action of every 
citizen, and which has been largely re- 
sponsible for the material, intellectual and 
spiritual growth of our country, is for the 
greatest good of the greatest number. 

The Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 
seeks earnestly for the truth in all things, 
and to this end it will open its pages to 

any subject, the free discussion of which 
will tend to the enlightenment and benefit 
of its readers, and for the better service of 
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com- 
pany's patrons. To be more specific: 
Articles on any helpful and important 
subject, written by Baltimore and Ohio 
employes or others, whether they conform 
or are contrary to the policy of the Maga- 
zine as above outlined, will be printed, 
and will be answered in the same issue 
by some person competent to deal intelli- 
gently with the subject. 

It is obvious, of course, that such sub- 
jects as partisan politics and religion have 
no place in this Magazine. Again, the 
desirability of excepting "Wages," "Hours 
of Service" and such other subjects as 
might lead to personal and acrimonious 
discussion concerning officers and em- 
ployes, will appeal, we feel sure, to the 
good and fair judgment of every reader. 

The old New England Town Meeting 
helped solve the social and political prob- 
lems of colonial times. Indeed , the Town 
Meeting is still the successful organization 
of self-government in many New England 
communities. Like it, it is hoped that 
the Magazine will become the place 
where, once a month, we may all meet for 
the free and frank discussion of our 
mutual interests and those of the people 
we serve; that the Magazine can be made 
a vital factor in the solution, or at least in 
the better understanding, of the complex 
industrial problems of the day; that 
through the agency of the Magazine a 
better understanding can be brought 
about among the officers and employes in 
all branches of the service. 

To do this, articles and suggestions 
intended to improve the service are 
cordially invited. The Baltimore and 
Ohio Magazine will be as good or as bad 
as we unitedly make it, and the assistance 
of all is desired to the end that we may 
realize the greatest good from the oppor- 
tunity afforded through its open pages. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

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Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

When It Rains 

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Prayer for Freedom 

Tommy had been out playing till he was 
very tired, and did not feel inclined to say 
his prayers, but his mother insisted. So 
Tommy began: 

"Now I lay me down to sleep, 

I pray the Lord my soul to keep — " 
"If, " prompted his mother. 
Tommy (sleepily) — "If he hollers let 
him go. 

Eney, meeny, miny, mow. " — Exchange. 


I Don't 

My parents taught me not to smoke; — ■ 

I don't; 
Or listen' to a naughty joke; 

I don't. 

They told me that I should not wink 
At pretty girls, nor even think 
About intoxicating drink; 
I don't. 

I don't kiss girls — not even one; 
I do not know just how it's done; 
You wouldn't think I'd have much fun — 
I don't. — Exchange. 


AdjoiningW. Halethorpe. 8-room house, ten- 
ant house, large barn, chicken house, etc. Fruit, 
good water, productive soil. Short distance 
Wilkins Ave. trolley, Baltimore and Ohio and 
Penna. stations and Wash. Boulevard. Ideal 
home for railroad employe. Very reasonable. 

Phone. Elkridge 194-M. Halethorpe, Md. 


Twenty Volumes (New) with Les- 
sons. Two-thirds of lessons worked 
out and corrected. Will sell entire 
course for One-third original cost. 

Address F. R. P. B., 1726 Bolton Street 


Inventors Invited to Write for Information 
and Particulars 
Highest References. Best Results. Promptness Assured 



624 F Street, N. W. Washington, D. C. 

No Money Down 

This 21 -jewel Illinois Watch — the Bunn Special sent 
cn trial. Do not send US a penny The Bunn Special, 
made to be "the watch for railroad men," is adjusted 
to 6 positions, extreme heat, extreme cold and isochron- 
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pass inspection on any railroad. 

After trial a few cents a day 

Watch comes expreBs prepaid to your hoi 
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Formerly Member Examining Corps, U. S. 
Patent Office. Prompt and Personal Service 

Washington Loan & Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C. 

Wise Doctor 

Mrs. Knaggs: "Did the doctor ask to 
see your tongue?" 

Husband: "No; I told him about yours 
and he orderedjne away for a rest. — Boston 


Cover Picture Herbert D. Stitt 

Table of Contents Design L. S. Cunningham 3 

Provisions in Esch-Cummins Bill Concerning Relations Between Railroad 

Companies and Their Employes Daniel Willard 4 

George M. Shriver. Senior Vice-President and in Charge of Accounting. 

Claim, Treasury and Relief Departments 5 

Turning Waste Into Money Margaret Talbott Stevens 7 

Pictorial 10 

Critical Car Shortage W. G. Curren 11 

George H. Emerson, Chief of Motive Power 12 

An Appreciation Daniel Willard 13 

The Task That Bolshevism Faces 14 

Freight Claims— the C. Q. D. of the Railroad World 15 

Quote File References C. F. Enoch 18 

Old Put's Fire Boy Charles W. Tyler 19 

The Job Destroyers 20 

A Lot of Union Carpenters 20 

The Road to Good Health Dr. E. V. Milholland 22 

Editorial 24 

Observer 25 

The Telephone— the Faithful Servant of the Railroads Delia M. Hain 26 

Extracts — Esch-Cummins Bill 28 

Mechanic Tomlinson 31 

Our Veterans 32 

Women's Department 36 

Roll of Honor 41 

Among Ourselves 42 

published monthly at Baltimore, Maryland, by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to 
promote communityof interest and greater efficiency among its employes. Contri- 
butions are welcomed. )Vlanuscript8 and photographs will be returned upon request 

Please mention our magazine when writing" advertisers 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


At Home — In Spare Time 

As You 

Would in 

Get into this constructive branch of industry where big salaries are paid. No previous training is neces- 
sary to become a capable draftsman with the help of the Columbia School of Drafting. You can master 
the practical lessons of our famous home study course, at home, in spare time. You will be personally 
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long experience as a draftsman and teacher, especially qualifies him to give you 
the training you need to become a successful Draftsman. 

Become a Specialist 

How "Columbia" 
Students Succeed 

Students of the Columbia School 
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at $2,000 or more a year to start 
before completing the course. 
Hundreds of men and women 
with "Columbia" training are 
now making good with big con- 
cerns all overthe country. Many 
more are needed foj; : splendid 
positions now open. Here is 
what "Columbia" training is do- 
ing for some of our graduates: 
Laurence Johnston, over $5,000 a 
vear; George Murray, $45 a week 
to start; G. Tangorra, $2,800 
a year; A. L. Gash, $140 a month 
to start; W. S. Burfoot, $150 
a month to start; T. R. Brown, 
$2,860 a year; R. Fowkes, $.'5,700 
a year. These are only a few of 
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DEPT. 1143, 14th andTSts., N. W. 

2 ia m m 

Columbia School of Drafting 

Roy C. Claflin, President 
Dept. 1143, 14th and T Sts., N. W. 
Washington, D. C. 

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Please mention our magazine when writing advertisers 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

j ^auiNiiriiiOiiiiMiiniioiiiii)iiiii k aiiiujppMiinii. 1 MMiriiDiiiiiiuriiici:''iiiiiriia"riiiiiiuici."i!iiiiio i '. nmi;> union awuniuiia i.i: j iiiiiiiu am urn iiumiiiii.nimiiiujiajj|iimui.TSiiii minuiimiui miiiaiiiiiiiiinruiinniiiiiiniiiii -jiniiiuiiiiaiiiiimiiuaiiim il) ■iiiLn'ii Hum iiinmc II- iiciniiniiiiiDmiiinawoiNiiririiiciwiiiaiic c *]* 


Provisions in Esch-Cummins Bill Concerning Relations 
Between Railroad Companies and Their Employes 

Sections 300 to 316 of the Act, inclusive (printed in full on page 28 of this issue), as stated in the 
title, deal only with disputes between carriers and their employes and subordinate officials. Some of 
the outstanding features of the Act are as follows : 

In Section 301 it is provided that — . J J 

"J< shall be the duty of all carriers and their officers, employes, and agents to exert every reasonable 
effort and adopt every available means to avoid any interruption to the operation of any carrier growing out 
of any dispute between the carrier and the employes or subordinate officials thereof. All such disputes 
shall be considered and, if possible, decided in conference between representatives designated and author- 
ized so to confer by the carriers, or the employes or subordinate officials thereof, directly interested in 
/ I the dispute. If any dispute is not decided in such conference, it shall be referred by the parties thereto 

j I to the board which under the provisions of this title is authorized to hear and decide such dispute." 

j I Section 302 provides that — 

I I "Railroad Boards of Labor Adjustment may be established by agreement between any carrier, group 

) 1 of carriers, or the carriers as a whole, and any employes or subordinate officials of carriers, or organization 

J I or group of organizations thereof." 1 i 

j 1 Section 304 provides for the establishment of a board to be known as the "Railroad Labor 

( ( Board," to be composed of nine members as follows: |( 

[ I Three members constituting the labor group, representing the employes and subordinate officials of j ) 

I § the carriers; 1 \ 

: j Three members constituting the management group, representing the carriers; and j • 

I Three members constituting the public group, representing the public. I ) 

I All appointments to be made by the President, by and with the consent of the Senate. j j 

Section 307 provides that — | j 

(2) ''The Labor Board shall hear, and as soon as practicable and with due diligence decide, any dispute 
involving grievances, rules, or working conditions, in respect to which any Adjustment Board has failed or I { 

will fail to reach a decision within a reasonable time, or in respect to which the Labor Board determines 1 i 

that any Adjustment Board has so failed or is not using due diligence in its consideration thereof." 

(d) "All the decisions of the Labor Board in respect to wages or salaries and of the Labor Board or j / 

an Adjustment Board in respect to working conditions of employes or subordinate officials of carriers shall 1 5 

I establish rates of wages and salaries and standards of working conditions which in the opinion of the board 

are just and reasonable. In determining the justness and reasonableness of such wages and salaries or f ^ 

working conditions the board shall, so far as applicable, take into consideration among other relevant j I 

circumstances : 

(1) The scales of wages paid to similar kinds of work in other industries; i / 

(2) The relation between wages and cost of living; • ! j 

(3) The hazards of the employment; 

f (4) The training and skill required; I ( 

j (5) The degree of responsibility; j 1 

(6) The character and regularity of the employment; and 

(7) Inequalities of increases in wages or of treatment, the result of previous wage orders or adjustments." 
Realizing that the people as a whole require and must have an uninterrupted transportation 

I service at all times, Congress has endeavored to so provide by law that railway employes shall be 
assured just and reasonable treatment and wages at all times and under all circumstances, thus mak- 
ing it unnecessary for railway employes to resort to the use of the strike in the future in order to 
obtain just and reasonable wages and working conditions. To this end Congress not only provided 
( ! for the Labor Board, but it also gave definite instructions to the Board concerning the things which 
/ I it should take into consideration when fixing fair and reasonable wages and working conditions. 
) I While it was the purpose of Congress to provide legislation of such a character as to make it 

\ j unnecessary for railroad employes to strike in the future in order to obtain just and reasonable treat - 
5 1 ment, Congress did not in any way restrict the right of the men to leave the service of the Companies 
either individually or collectively, nor did it in any sense restrict the personal freedom of railway 
( J employes. It did, however, say that, "It shall be the duty of all carriers and their officers, employes and 
I i agents to exert every reasonable effort and adopt every available means to avoid any interruption to the 
) I operation of any carrier growing out of any dispute between the carriers and the employes or subordinate 
j ! officials thereof." 

: j Railroad employes under the Esch-Cummins Bill are the only body of workmen in the United 

States who are guaranteed by law just and reasonable wages and working conditions, with suitable 
agencies also provided by law, charged with the duty of seeing that wages and working conditions 
are just and reasonable at all times. Under these circumstances the public may reasonably expect 
that interruptions of the railway service, with the inconveniences flowing therefrom, such as have 
taken place in the past, will be unnecessary and therefore unknown in the future. 

The Baltimore and Ohio Company will endeavor to comply fully with the spirit and intent of 
the law, and earnestly desires the cooperation of all its officers and employes in that effort. 

) j April 30, 1920 ^^^^ , President, 

j I ' The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company j | 



Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


George M. Shriver, Senior Vice-President, and 
in Charge of Accounting, Claim, Treasury 
and Relief Departments 

[Although our Executive Officers as individuals need no introduction to the readers of the MAGAZINE, it seems appropriate at this 
time to publish short sketches of their careers, this article on our Senior Vice-President being the first of a series which will appear] 


ACK of the rolling of cars and 
engines ; back of the activities 
in the shops and terminals ; back 
of the receiving and distribution of 
traffic and the accumulation and dis- 
tribution of material ; back of the new 
construction and constant rebuild- 
ing, — back of all the bustle and energy 
in providing and carrying on trans- 
portation, is the less noticeable but 
none the less essential factor— Finance. 
Finance, expressed in the vast num- 
ber of accounting operations, in the 
receipt and disbursement of millions 
of dollars annually, the collection and 
conservation of the monies necessary 
to meet the pay 
checks distributed 
twice each month to 
the more than sixty 
thousand employes; 
expressed, in fact, in 
every receipt and in 
every expenditure 
which day by day re- 
cords the progress of 
the railroad business. 

The Operating De- 
partment struggles 
with its operating ra- 
tio, now, on practically 
all railroads,- higher 
and more onerous 
than ever before. The 
Traffic Department is 
ever alert for new and 
more business, con- 
stantly concerned in 
reporting each month 
and year a larger 
amount in gross than 
for the preceding simi- 
lar period. But Fi- 
nance, sun-eying the 
whole situation, is, in 
the last analysis, re- 
sponsible for the health 
of the railroad struc- 
ture; for the blood 
stream which carries 
vigor and life into all 
the component parts 
of its enormous, yet 
complicated and deli- 
cately adjusted body. 

Say what you will 
about the importance 
of Labor, for good 

operations; of Material, for good up- 
keep; of Traffic, for good business; — 
Finance includes all three in its sur- 
vey, correlates their activities and 
progress, and, in addition, must con- 
stantly survey trade conditions, must 
keep its hand on the pulse of the 
money market to see that necessary 
funds for support are available, when 
needed, and as cheaply as they can 
be obtained. 

Though Traffic be heavy and 
Operations efficient, Finance, after 
all, is the determining factor in 
making them realize their greatest 

George M. Shrivet, Senior Vice-President 

What has been the net result of 
operations in relation to the invest- 
ment ? What must it be in the future 
to justify further expenditures? How 
are we going to furnish the funds to 
take care of this or that maturing 
obligation — what is the best form of 
refinancing 5 Is it cheaper to borrow 
money now for future requirements 
or to wait 5 Will it cost more in the 
long run to hold off repairing this 
block of equipment or to provide for 
its renewal immediately? 

These are but general examples of 
the enormously important questions 
which affect the blood stream of the 
Railroad's life. Their 
diagnosis and treat- 
ment are affected by 
a multitude of con- 
ditions — by the status 
of business in general, 
with all its ramifica- 
tions^ — and it is the 
business of Finance to 
know all these things 
accurately in relation 
to the Railroad's 

"Finance" on the 
Baltimore and Ohio is 
personified in George 
M. Shriver, ourSenjpr 
Vice-President, and 
in charge of the 
Accounting, Claim, 
Treasury and Relief 
Departments, another 
notable example of 
the self-made railroad 

Mr. Shriver is the 
son of the late Rev. 
Samuel S. Shriver, a 
Presbyterian minister, 
and was born at 
Hightstown, N. J., 
in 1868. After re- 
ceiving an educa- 
tion in the public 
schools of Baltimore, 
Mr. Shriver entered 
the employ of the 
Company in 1887 as a 
clerk in the Account- 
ing Department, and 
was later in the serv- 
ice of the United States 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Express Company, which operated 
over this Company's lines. 

In 1888, Mr. Shriver became Pri- 
vate Secretary to Charles F. Mayer, 
then President of the Consolidation 
Coal Company, and when Mr. Mayer 
became President of the Baltimore 
and Ohio in the Autumn of 1888, 
Mr. Shriver reentered railway service 
as Private Secretary to the President. 

When, in 1896, John K. Cowen 
became President, Mr. Shriver con- 
tinued as his Secretary and also filled 
the same position under President 
L. F. Loree. In 1901, shortly after 
President Loree took charge, Mr. 
Shriver was promoted to Assistant to 
President, and filled this position dur- 
ing Mr. Loree 's administration and 
the term of President Oscar G. Mur- 
ray. A year after Mr. Willard be- 
came President, Mr. Shriver was 
elected Second Vice-President at the 
meeting of the Board of Directors, 
held January 12, 1911. 

Effective July 1, 1916, the Board 
of Directors eliminated the numerical 
designations of the four Vice-Presi- 
dents theretofore used, and assigned 
various departments of the Com- 
pany's organization to each. In this 
change Mr. Shriver was elected Vice- 
President in charge of the Account- 
ing, Claim, Treasury and Relief 
Departments, which position he has 
continuously filled except, of course, 
during the 26 months the roads were 
under Federal control. During that 
time, however, he continued with the 
Corporation as the only Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road Company, the other Vice-Presi- 
dents being made Federal officers. 

During Mr. Cowen's administra- 
tion Mr. Shriver had much to do with 
the financial reorganization of the 
Ccmpany and since then has taken 
a large part in the financial arrange- 
ments which have rendered possible 
the great enlargement of the property 
and the extension and improvement 
of its facilities. 

During the period of Federal con- 
trol, great responsibility rested upon 
Mr. Shriver, particularly with re- 
spect to the Company's claims for 
compensation under the Act of Con- 
gress which turned the Railroad 
properties over to the Government. 
Here he did extraordinary work in the 
preparation and presentation of the 
Baltimore and Ohio's requirements, 
and their successful conclusion must 
have been to him a most gratifying 

When the President of the United 
States announced that the roads 
would be turned back to their owners 
on March 1, 1920, a period of reor- 
ganization was necessarily imminent 
which involved considerable thought 

and detail work in order that the 
properties could be taken back with 
the least possible interruption or con- 
fusion. In anticipation of the change, 
the Board of Directors took the 
whole matter under consideration 
and, under date of February 25, 1920, 
appointed its official staff for the 
handling of the Company's business. 
In recognition of Mr. Shriver's great 
ability, constantly exemplified during 
his whole career with the Company, he 
was elected to the rank second only 
to that of the Chief Executive, 
namely, Senior Vice-President, and 
in charge of Accounting, Claim, 
Treasury and Relief Departments. 

Notwithstanding his many impor- 
tant duties as an officer of the Com- 
pany, and fully realizing the vast 
amount of additional work that 
would be imposed upon him, Mr. 
Shriver has nevertheless willingly 
responded to the call of the Eastern 
Carriers to act as Chairman of the 
Accounting Committee and to su- 
pervise and present statistical data 
in their several cases before the 
Interstate Commerce Commission in 
connection with the applications for 
advances in rates, and he has just 
submitted to the Commission sum- 
maries and statements of the require- 
ments of the railroads under present 
conditions. The importance of his 
work in this connection can only be 
measured by the far-reaching effect 
of the pending rate case itself, not 
only to the railroads but to the whole 
industrial and commercial structure 
of the country. 

We are sometimes disposed to feel 
that men who carry on their shoulders 
weighty problems such as those just 
discussed, lose contact with the men 
on the road, and the men in the shop 
and office. In the cases of most 
so-called "big men," this supposition 
is entirely erroneous. It is certainly 
erroneous so far as Mr. Shriver is con- 
cerned, for, despite the large amount 
of work which directly devolves upon 
him, he has always managed to main- 
tain a very direct contact with the 
work of the various departments 
under his supervision, and close per- 
sonal relationship with the officers in 
direct charge. 

Mr. Shriver's associates say that he 
has but one hobby, and that, work — 
work — work. And if this be indica- 
tive of a man of simple and modest 
taste, so also is the way he gets his 
recreation. His home is in Pikes- 
ville, Md., and there he enjoys with 
his family the charm of country life, 
the supervision of his farm, taking 
particular interest in the growing of 
hard yellow corn to be fed to glossy 
black Berkshire hogs. 

The simplicity of his home life is 

reflected in his business surroundings. 
He receives visitors in his office with 
a quiet cordiality which inspires im- 
mediate confidence in his sympathy 
and judgment. He is a Baltimore and 
Ohio man through and through, always 
interested in each and every one asso- 
ciated in its activities. His friends 
on the Railroad are legion, as will be 
attested by many who read this para- 
graph and can vouch for its accuracy 
by their own personal and pleasant 
experiences with him. 

Do You Qualify for a Raise? 

I KNOW I'm worth forty dollars 
a week, " complained Bronson to 
the Boss; "because you pay 
Wadsworth forty, and I'm just as 

good a man as " 

Just then there came a resounding 
crash from the street below. The 
Boss jumped to his feet. "Find out 
about it!" he commanded Bronson. 

Bronson left without delay and re- 
turned with this information: "Some 
truck ran into one of our trucks. " 

"Whose truck was it?" urged the 

Bronson said he would find out. and 
at the end of seven minutes came back 
to advise, "One of Dorsey's. " 

"Who was at fault'" urged the 
Boss with some heat. Again Bronson 
was gone, for five minutes, and he re- 
ported thus: " Dorsev's'man was at 

"Won't you be seated," said the 
Boss, with a trace of sarcasm; and he 
rang for Wadsworth. 

"Wadsworth — an accident has just 
occurred in the street below. Find 
out about it, please. " 

"Yes, sir!" said Wadsworth. 

Only that. ' ' Yes, sir ! " 

When he returned in five minutes 
he had this to say to the Boss, and to 
Bronson : 

"One of Dorsey's young boys 
backed a truck into the truck that 
'Mike' Bannon drives. It broke one 
of the wheels off our truck, but the 
horses did not run. Mr. Dorsey 
admits it was his boy's fault and says 
he will foot the repair bill. The 
horses were not hurt ; no one was hurt. 
Bannon has hitched his team to one 
of the reserve trucks, and there will be 
no delay in the shipment. " ■ 

"Thank you!" said the Boss. 

And when Wadsworth withdrew: 
"There's your answer, Bronson. 
When you can look me in the eye and 
tell me you're 'just as good' a man as! 
Wadsworth, come back for that' 
raise. " — Thermoid News. 

Cars Are Only Earning 
When Wheels Are Turning 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Turning Waste Into Money 

By-Products of Alcohol Manufacture Developed in Fifteen Million Dollar 
Plant by United States Industrial Chemical Company 

By Margaret TaJbott Stevens 

WHEN Milady fills her dainty 
handkerchief with fragrance 
from a tiny bottle of cologne, 
we wonder if she ever realizes the 
enormity of the industry which pro- 
duces the alcohol that forms the basis 
of this kind of perfumery. Yet, im- 
portant as the manufacture of cologne 
may seem to her, it is an almost in- 
significant one of the hundreds of uses 
of alcohol. Perhaps its greatest in- 
dustrial use is as a solvent such as is 
used in the manufacture of dyes, soaps, 
varnishes and enamels, lotions and 
pniments, flavoring extracts, disin- 
fectants, drugs and chemicals. 

The increased production of alco- 
hol alone, by means of the discovery 
of new processes of manufacture, has 
been a source of enormous importance 
to the industrial world. Interesting, 
too, is the value now arising from 
former wastes of production, and 
affecting not only the conservation 
of materials but also the efficiency of 
the human factor. For every new by- 
product successfully manufactured 
and marketed means an increase in 
the individual average of production, 
and more useful things available for 
hvman consumption and comfort. 
Without capital for scientific inves- 
tigation (often carried on at a loss), 
material, labor and production would 
all suffer. 

Ten or fifteen years ago industrial 
plants were concerned only with the 
manufacture of their respective prin- 
cipal products. This was largely 
true in the production of steel, coke, 
chemicals, etc., and an enormous 
amount of material, the by-products 
of the industries, was thrown awav. 

This waste material science has now 
learned to utilize so that it becomes 
useful to both the manufacturer and 
to the public. Let us take, for 
example, alcohol and its allied in- 
dustries in Baltimore. 

When the United States Alcohol 
Company at Curtis Bay was at first 
interested only in the manufacture of 
alcohol, the waste from the processes 
of its production was dumped into the 
bay. The Government's objection 
to this method of disposition, which 
caused the pollution of the waters 
and, among other things, the poison- 
ing of the fish, stimulated scientific 
investigation and resulted in the dis- 
covery of a variety of industrial uses 
for the waste as well as for the alcohol 
itself. Herein lies the "why" of the 
existence of the United States Indus- 
trial Chemical Company at Stone 
House Cove, just across a little inlet 
from the Alcohol Companv on Curtis 

Connecting these two plants is a 
large pipe through which flows the 
waste, or what they call the "slop." 

All of the alcohol is produced from 
molasses, which is itself a by-product 
from the cane sugar refineries of Cuba 
and Porto Rico. It is brought to 
Baltimore in tank steamers and stored 
until needed. The storage capacity 
here for this article is 18,000,000 gal- 
lons, 150,000 gallons of which can be 
used in a single day. The produc- 
tion of pure alcohol is the first step. 
This having been accomplished at the 
Alcohol Company's plant, by means 
of fermentation, distillation and rec- 
tification, the residue or "slop" is 
sent over to the Chemical Company, 

whose job it is to render this waste 
marketable. The products to be 
worked up from this material are 
determined by the laboratory. 

(Right here, parenthetically, we 
pause to inject a paragraph not 
directly related to the subject of this 
story. The very existence of such 
enormous plants as the United States 
Industrial Chemical Company, with 
its large investment of capital, its, 
large consumption of raw material 
and its large employment of labor, 
proves the need for the scientific 
investigator. Without him there 
would be no reason for such plants. 
Without him useful by-products 
would not be discovered. Without 
his theoretical training, gained in the 
schools and colleges of our country, 
in physics, chemistry, and other 
practical sciences, it would be impos- 
sible for him to conduct the experi- 
ments which lead to useful dis- 
coveries. We are not pleading for 
recognition for the scientist in the 
industrial laboratory, for he is well 
paid for his useful work. But we do 
want to put in a word for the men and 
women and institutions — the teach- 
ers, the professors and the colleges, 
which taught him how to do it. 
They are miserably underpaid as 
compared with the rest of us arVtl 
they deserve our support for greater 

The Yeast Bug in the Laboratory 

The laboratory has two branches, 
the general chemical laboratory, 
where each man ha" his particular 
problems relating to The composition 
of some product, and the bacterio- 

Efficiency and employe comfort go hand in hand in the construction of this modern plant 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Just a little corner in a still house showing a bit of the apparatus 

logical laboratory, where methods of 
fermentation are worked out and 
where yeast is "grown." The ordi- 
nary person knows, perhaps, of two 
or three kinds of yeasts, but according 
to the chemists here there are "57 
varieties" or more. Experimental 
colleges throughout the country make 
a specialty of "raising" certain kinds 
of yeast bacteria and of supplying it 
to these industrial plants. One little 
yeast "bug" placed on the end of a 
platinum needle can serve as the 
basis for thousands of gallons of 
an yeast substance which may be 
turned into alcohol. 

Each chemist works for a definite 
result. If his little experiment in the 
test tube appears to be successful, 
the idea is tried out on a larger scale 
by means of copper retainers, larger 
tubes, beakers and jars. At the left 
of the main laboratory is a building 
in which the test may be carried out 
still further. Finally, if this experi- 
ment is a success, the development of 
the apparatus for the manufacture 
of the article for commercial purposes 
is simply a duplication of the little 
test tube affair, but on a larger scale. 


One of the scientific discoveries of 
the last few months is a product 
known as calorine. In spite of its 
having been but recently put on the 
market, the demand for it has grown 
rapidly. It is used like acetylene, to 
provide the intense heat needed in 
welding hard metals. There is still a 
possibility of its being used for light- 
ing and heating, although its purpose 
as such has not yet been developed. 


Perhaps there is no motor fuel 
which is attracting more attention in 
this section of the countrv than alco- 

gas. Just across the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad tracks, in the rear of 
the laboratories, stands the Alcogas 
building. Scattered about it are 
about eight immense tanks. This 
plant, a part of which is still under 
construction, will have a capacity of 
over 300,000 gallons of motor fuel 
per day. It is a question whether 
alcogas will ever supersede gasoline, 
but it is fast becoming its rival. The 
plant is unable to keep pace with the 
demands of the motoring public. 
Alcogas is being used also for airplane 
fuel, the Post Office Department hav- 
ing adopted it for use in its airplane 
mail service. 

Potash from Molasses 

Potash salts, such as potassium sul- 
phate, chloride, carbonate, decoloriz- 
ing carbon, glycerine, and ammonia, 
are all manufactured here. These 
are also molasses products. The 

raw material is carried by pipes 
through three big boilers and sub- 
jected to intense heat. Each of these 
boilers is large enough to allow a man 
to work comfortably inside of it when- 
ever the small pipes need cleaning. 
These pipes are about two inches in 

By the time the liquid is ready to 
be taken from the third boiler it has 
become a thick, dark mass, not unlike 
boiling molasses taffy in appearance 
and odor. They tell us, however, 
that its taste is very bitter. This 
substance is stored in tanks and set 
aside until ready to be turned into 
potash. This is accomplished by 
another heating process, which is con- 
tinued until only an ash remains. 
When we consider that about 90 per 
cent, of the raw material before boil- 
ing is water, we can realize why such 
a great amount of boiling is neces- 
sary. Some of these boilers register 
as high as 3,000 degrees, Fahrenheit. 

Machinery Built in Plant Shops 

Because of the enormous amount 
of apparatus that is used, there is a 
corresponding amount of repair work 
to be done. The company maintains 
its own shops at both plants, the one 
at Curtis Bay being known as the 
Copper and Iron Works. The shop 
at the chemical plant is divided into 
two sections: the copper and iron 
section, and the carpenter shop. 
These shops not only make and re- 
pair the apparatus used by the two 
plants, but are also concerned with 
much outside work, the greater part 
of which is repair work on the many 
ships that arrive in Baltimore. 

"He Made His Wife a Washerwoman'' 

On nearly every post in the shops 
is a Safety warning. Some of these 

Here are the 60,000 gallon stills; the two together would make a good sized'swimming pool 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


are done in attractive colors, and each 
is a vivid picture of some result of 
carelessness. There is one of a 
woman bending over a washtub that 
bears the inscription, "He made his 
wife a washerwoman ;" another which 
says, "You can go to the First Aid 
Stations, if you wish, but who wants 
to go to a First Aid Station ? ' ' These 
First Aid Stations, however, are very 
attractive miniature hospitals, clean 
and white, and well fitted to care for 
the injured. That there are compar- 
atively few accidents is a remarkable 
record for an industrial plant of this 

Some Other Buildings 

Order is the first law of the power 
house; the great, shining mass of 
machinery, cleaned and oiled to per- 
fection, moves along with such seem- 
ing ease that there is scarcely a sound 
to tell of the tremendous amount of 
work that it does. 

The great storehouse, with its 
thousands of kinds of material sys- 
tematically arranged, shows that it is 
one of the most important factors in 
the operation of the plant. 

In a little group to the right of the 
laboratories we find a dwelling known 
as "The Hotel," an apple orchard, 
garages, a number of great empty 
tanks, and the "Vinegar Building." 

The empty tanks were formerly 
used in the manufacture of acetone 
for the Government during the war, 
while the "Vinegar Building" sup- 
plied the vinegar frolh which the ace- 
tone was made. 

All of the buildings are of steel and 
concrete construction throughout. 

Manufacturing Facilities 

The water necessary to manufac- 
turing at the Alcohol Plant is obtained 
From a well which supplies 5,000,000 
gallons of fresh water per day. There 
are ample facilities for barreling and 
■shipping in barrels, drumming and 
shipping in drums, or shipping in 
tank cars. The barreling facilities 
jermit of barreling and shipping 1 ,500 
jarrels per day; the company owns 
md operates its own tank car line, 
consisting of about 500 steel tank cars. 

The still house has an equipment 
consisting of four eight-foot con- 
inuous stills, six 30,000 gallon inter- 
mittent rectifying columns, and four 
>o,ooo gallon intermittent rectifying 
olumns. There is a molasses stor- 
.ge of 18,000,000 gallons, a capacity 
!or working up approximately 150,- 
00 gallons of molasses per day, and 
warehouse storage capacity for 
.000,000 gallons of alcohol. 


During the last ten years the in- 
ustry has increased in size about 700 

per cent., until at present the quan- 
tity of industrial alcohol used in the 
United States amounts to approxi- 
mately 75,000,000 proof gallons an- 
nually. During this period of growth 
of the industry, rapid strides have 
also been made in the development of 
processes of producing the alcohol and 
its by-pruducts, and also in the per- 
fecting of apparatus for the recovery 
and purification of the alcohol pro- 
duced. Plans are still under way 
for many improvements. Additional 
room has been provided in the labora- 
tories for more intense microscopic 
work and for the incubation of yeasts. 

With all of the extensive apparatus 
which is being changed continually; 
with all of the laboratory experts and 
the large forces of men employed in 
this work; with the business-like 
manner in which they manage to 
dispose of the waste, some results 
worth while must be brought about. 
We ask the final question, "Do they 
ever waste anything 5 " They answer 
"Almost nothing." 

What Time Is It? 

By W. C. Donnelly 
Supervisor of Time Service 

WE have at present a perplexing 
question to solve when we 
consider the many different 
times in use today; we have the 
Standard Time, comprising Eastern, 
Central, Mountain and Pacific time, 
and in addition to this, the Daylight 
Saving Time in New York and other 
states and cities. It behooves a rail- 
road man to have a standard watch, 
to have it inspected by our local 
watch inspector in April and October, 
and also to have it compared semi- 
monthly. Each railroad man should 
see that his watch is correct with the 
standard clock which is found at all 
trainmen's registering stations and 
which maintains the correct time for 
the division. By following the above, 
confusion will be avoided and per- 
haps serious accident prevented. 

American Legion Posts? 

ARE there any American Legion 
Posts of Baltimore and Ohio 
men on the Railroad besides the 
one recently organized in Baltimore, 
for which a charter is now being 
granted? If so, we would appreciate 
information concerning them as we 
feel that the Magazine would be 
neglecting one of its most important 
privileges and duties if it did not keep 
its readers in touch with the activi- 
ties of our employes who served in the 
World War and thereby helped per- 
petuate the fame of "The Baltimore 
and Ohio for the Nation's Service." 

Patented S'ovrmbtr 11, 1919; Copyrighted 1919 
The American Legion 

Mr. Superintendent or Super- 
visor, What Do You Think 
of Suggestion Boxes? 

To the Editor: 

Many large corporations have 
adopted workmen's suggestion boxes 
with gratifying results. Why not 
adopt them on the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad? 

The scheme consists of boxes under 
lock placed at various points where 
all employes have access to them and 
can deposit any suggestion they wish 
to make pertaining to betterments or 
any unsafe conditions they observe. 
I am satisfied that it would produce 
some good recommendations covering 
improvements, conservation of ma- 
terial, Safety, etc. 

The scheme affords an excellent 
opportunity for the man in the ranks 
to make his ability known fcg his su- 
periors and thereby aids his future 
advancement. Realizing this, em- 
ployes will become more interested in 
their work. What we need is interest 
and earnest cooperation. No matter 
what position we occupy, let us fe£l 
that we are important parts of a big 
machine and that our employers' 
interest is our interest. 

(Signed) M. E. Martz. 

Locomotive Inspector, 

Somerset, Pa. 

Welcoming Miss Stevens 

My Dear Mr. Editor: 

As the dean of the women employes 
at Mount Royal Station, upon me de- 
volves the extremely pleasant duty of 
welcoming to our daily habitat the 
new associate editor, Miss Margaret 
Talbott Stevens. 

We have all been regularly enjoying 
her cheery prose and poetry in our 
Magazine, and we hold ourselves 
doubly fortunate in gaining her daily 

Yours truly, 
(Signed) Elizabeth P. Irving, 


Below: It is an old custom of the seas that 
when a ship crosses the equator King Neptune 
with his entourage comes aboard and initials 
all landlubbers as his subjects. Photo shows 
sailors of U. S. S. Idaho "paying the price of 
being a real sailor" by diving into the "mysteries 
of the deep" for the amusement of King Nep- 
tune. Officers and men alike bow before him. 

has been started at Lakehurst, N. J. It will house two dirigibles more than twice as large as the 
English R-34. Its length is expected to be 1,000 feet, its width 318 feet and its height 200 feet. 

/ / 

Critical Car Shortage Can Be Relieved by 

(i) More Car Miles Per Day 
i (2) Increased Car Load 

By W. G. Curren 
General Superintendent Transportation 

The average freight car works only one day in eight. If we can increase this proportion to one day in six, 
we can save the millions otherwise needed for new cars. Mr. Curren tells us how it can be done in this article. 

Fellow Officers and Employes: 

This country is experiencing one of 
the greatest car shortages on record, 
and I am appealing to everyone to do 
his or her bit to help relieve the criti- 
cal situation. 

There are approximately 2 70,000 
miles of railroads in the United States. 
The freight equipment owned is 
about 2,700,000 cars and the average 
capacity is about 40 tons. 

For obvious reasons the new freight 
equipment built during the past six 
years has not kept pace with the 
increase in traffic. To take care of 
the current traffic and, in addition, 
the normal increase in traffic, there 
should be provided not less than 
500,000 additional freight cars during 
the next 3 or 4 years. Considering 
the financial situation, the labor and 
material costs, it is a serious problem 
as to how many cars can or will be 
built, and no matter how many are 
built the immediate necessity is to 
take care of the present volume of 
business with the available cars. It 
is manifest that a much greater use 
must be secured out of equipment in 
order to avoid a serious situation; in 
other words, it is going to be neces- 
sary for everybody to put their 
shoulders to the wheel. 

What 20 Per Cent. Increase Will Do 

An increase of 20 per cent, in the 
average miles per car per day by 
reason of quicker handling is equal to 
an increased ownership of about 
500,000 freight cars in the United 
States, while an increase in the net 
carload of 2 tons per car is equal to 
about 200,000 additional freight cars 
per year in service. 

On the Baltimore and Ohio it will 
be our endeavor to relieve the present 
situation by making 3 cars do the 
work of 4. Let us assume that the 
average miles per car per day is 27. 
If that is increased by one-third,.- or 
9 miles, equaling 36 miles per car per 
day, it would bring about the result 

On the basis that the average miles 
per day for the average car is 2 7 , and 
assuming that the average speed of 

a freight train is 9 miles per hour, 
this means that cars are actually 
moving in trains but 3 hours out of 
each 24, or one day out of 8. There- 
fore, in order to make the increase 
desired, the time in yards, waiting 
classification, movement to or from 
the consignee, loading or unloading, 
etc., will have to be reduced 2 days; 
i. e., the actual time in trains will have 
to be 4 hours out of each 24, or one- 
sixth of the time, so that the average 
car will be in motion one day out of 
each 6 instead of one day out of 8. 
This does not appear to be a difficult 
task and it should be possible to 
accomplish by MORE PROMPT 
(1) Classification in train yards; (2) 
movement to or from train yards to 
point of loading or unloading; (3) 

placement for loading or unloading; 
(4) loading and unloading by ship- 

Appeals for cooperation should be 
made to the public through the vari- 
ous industrial bureaus and trade 
associations of the larger cities and 
in addition, with the individual ship- 
per along the lines mentioned. 

If shippers do not load promptly 
and are not loading cars to their full 
cubical or physical carrying capacity 
(according to commodity), or are slow 
in the release of inbound cars, their 
car supply should be restricted. 

It should be remembered that cars 
and that cars ARE ONLY EARNING 



(Including Bad Order Cars) 

Highest Per Cent - lncrease 
MonthfyRecord ffj*«g£. 



Philadelphia 35.4 32.7 

Baltimore ' 13.4 11.6 

Shenandoah 16.9 13.1 

Cumberland (East) 57.8 60.7 

Cumberland (West) 43.2 40.0 

Total 51.8 51.9 

Maryland District 30.5 27.5 

Connellsville 24.0 26.1 

Pittsburgh 20.8 18.6 

Pennsylvania District 22.3 21.6 

Monongah 12.9 13.5 

Wheeling 12.7 14.7 

Ohio River 27.4 30.8 

Charleston 13.1 13.5 

West Virginia District 14.0 15.2 

Baltimore & Ohio Eastern Lines. 23.5 22.6 

Chicago 31-9 34- 8 

Newark 26.8 28.7 

New Castle 28.1 28.0 

Cleveland ". 17.6 15.8 

Northwest District 26.6 27.4 

Ohio 57-3 59-2 

Indiana 26.3 29.6 

Illinois 20.7 24.1 

Toledo 16.0 18.6 

Southwest District 23.6 25.8 

Baltimore & Ohio Western Lines. 25.3 26.8 

Baltimore & Ohio System 24.3 24.5 

Office General Slpe untendent Transportation 
Baltimore. April 14. 1920 



13- 6 





14- 5 

15- 5 


1 6. 1 



January 1, 1912 



Over Best Previous 






36- 9 

37- 5 



17. 1 

> a 




26.9 13 







12. 1 



1 1 





Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

George H. Emerson, Chief of 
Motive Power 

From Boilermaker Apprentice in 1883 on the Great Northern Railroad to 
Chief of Motive Power on the Baltimore and Ohio in IQ20, George H. 
Emerson s career is an inspiration to every man who believes in his own 
future and is willing to work for it. Big-framed and broad-shouldered, 
democratic and good-natured, Mr. Emerson's recent important work as head of 
the Russian Railway Service Corps has not spoiled him as a good locomotive 
fireman or engineer, should the occasion arise. He is a member of the American 
Legion, prefers a pipe to cigars, and likes men. 

IT was my pleasure to meet George 
H. Emerson before I knew of his 
connection with the Baltimore 
and Ohio Railroad. Our casual 
acquaintance was impromptu and 
informal — as we happened to find 
seats together in the waiting room 
at Camden Station. Without being 
told, I would have said that he was 
a railroad man. I imagined him as 
the type who sits on the right hand 
side of the locomotive, controlling 
the courses of our freight and passen- 
ger trains. And my guess was not 
so far off, after all, for when I later 
had occasion to talk with him for the 
Magazine I found that about thirty 
years ago — in 1891, to be exact — he 
was a locomotive engineer with the 
Great Northern Railroad. 

George H. Emerson was born 
August 12, 1869, of a railroad family. 
In fact, his father was a 
locomotive engineer on the 
Great Northern Railroad 
and enjoyed the friendship 
and respect of such men as 
Mr. Frederick D. Under- 
wood, now President of the 
Erie Railroad, and of Mr. 
James J. Hill, late President 
of the Great Northern Rail- 
road, generally considered 
to be the greatest railroad 
builder and genius of his 

Mr. Emerson's material 
inheritance gave him no 
more than a common school- 
ing. But his birthright car- 
ried with it the privilege 
which is denied to few 
Americans, namely that of 
private study. And of this 
he has taken full advan- 

In 1883 he became a boil- 
ermaker apprentice at St. 
Paul, Minnesota, with the 
Great Northern Railroad. 
After that promotions with 
the same System came to 
him with pleasant and per- 
sistent regularity, asfollows : 

1887, Journeyman Boiler- 

1 89 1, Fireman and Engineer, 
1895, Locomotive Foreman, 
1897, General Shop Foreman and 

Master Mechanic, 
1900, General Master Mechanic, 
1903, Superintendent Motive 


1 9 1 o. Assistant General Manager, 

191 2, General Manager. 

During this long service with the 
Great Northern Railroad, Mr. Emer- 
son had the inspiring leadership of 
Mr. James J: Hill, then the dominat- 
ing factor in the development of the 
great North West through his system 
of railroads. 

On October 20, 1917, Mr. Emerson 
was called into the Government serv- 
ice, and was placed in charge of the 
organization of the Russian Railway 
Service Corps, with the rank of 
Colonel of Engineers. His intensely 



George H.'Emerson, Chief of Motive Power 

interesting account of his experiences 
in Russia will be found in the June 
issue of the Magazine. The size of 
the job which he tackled in Siberia 
may be well imagined when it is 
known that he was the commanding 
officer of fourteen complete superin- 
tendents' organizations, comprising 
general superintendents, superinten- 
dents, master mechanics, trainmas- 
ters, chief dispatchers, train dis- 
patchers and shop foremen, all com- 
missioned officers. Frpm Vladivos- 
tok and Harbin, Manchuria, he trav- 
eled for several thousand miles across 
Siberia, through the heart of the coun- 
try being fought for by the Czecho- 
slovaks and Bolsheviki, using pass- 
ports signed by Lenin and Trotzky. 

Mr. Emerson became Chief of 
Motive Power on the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad on March 1 of this year, 
soon after his return from Russia. 

Education the Surest Way 
to Stamp Out Waste 
of Material 

By M. E. Martz 
Locomotive Inspector, Somerset, Pa 

N account of the high cost of 
material of all descriptions it 
is important that all employes 
economize in its use. All second- 
hand parts should be used before 
resorting to new. 

During my railroad expe- 
rience of 23 years in different 
capacities I have had the 
opportunity of observing 
many irregularities in the 
handling and waste of serv- 
iceable material. By care- 
ful study I have come to the 
conclusion that one of the 
greatest factors responsible 
for these irregularities is 
that employes do not realize 
or consider the cost of the 
new parts they draw from 
the storehouse, when in 
many cases the old parts 
removed could be repaired 
at a minimum cost and used 
again, serving the purpose 
as well as new parts. In 
looking over the scrap bins 
at some of the locomotive 
and car repair shops we find 
much serviceable material, 
such as pipe fittings, nuts, 
bolts and many other parts, 
which are good as new and 
were probably replaced by 
new material. In order 
further to substantiate my 
belief I have on a number 
of occasions questioned em- 
ployes who drew new parts 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


from the storehouse, such as brass 
valves, pipe fittings, nuts, etc. I 
asked them to estimate the value 
of such parts and invariably the 
values given were from one-quarter 
to one-half of their actual cost. I 
believe if these men were given an 
opportunity to learn the actual cost of 
material required in their line of work 
it would create in them a deeper inter- 
est and result in a substantial saving. 

I would suggest that a price list of 
important parts be prepared and 
posted in conspicuous places, each 
department separate, for example: 
airbrake department, tender depart- 
ment, car department, etc. Em- 
ployes would see these high prices 
and become familiar with them. 
Interest would be created and good 
results follow in the shape of reduced 
cost of maintenence. 

Chief Clerks! Please Note 
Critical Paper Shortage 

ALL readers of the Magazine 
must be aware of the critical 
paper shortage now facing the 
country. Many newspapers have 
been compelled to make drastic cuts in 
the size of their editions, and the same 
shortage applies on all grades of paper. 

Our stationer, E. E. Herold, wrote 
all department heads in this connec- 
tion on April 5, and urged the strict- 
est economy in our paper stock. 

There are many', many ways in 
which we can save if we will but give 
this subject proper supervision. 

Don't demand particular kind of 
type. It limits competition. 

Don't demand pen ruled forms 
when printed lines will answer all 

Reduce multiplicity of all carbon 
copies on all forms or statements. 

Don ' t use letter heads for scrap paper. 
Use the back of a used envelope. 

Don't use a large envelope when a 
small one will serve the same purpose. 

Don't put one address all over the 
face of a multi-address envelope. Use 
carefully each address space given so 
as to help have the envelope used the 
full number of times. 

Don't use white envelopes when 
manilla envelopes can be used. 

Don't throw away any paper that 
you can use for writing in any way. 
When sold, scrap paper brings but a 
fraction of its original cost. And it 
costs more for a new supply now that 
it ever did. 

Don't use full size letter head when 
half will answer every purpose. 

Don't write or use paper at all if 
conferences can be had without in- 
convenience. More information and 

An Appreciation 

The Baltimore and Ohio Company makes grateful acknowledg- 
ment of its appreciation of the efforts made by its officers and em- 
ployes who loyally stood by the Company during the unsettled period 
since April 10, last. 

Conditions all over the world have been disturbed and upset by 
the great war. The high cost of living, which bears heavily upon 
all, is one of the direct results of the war ; in fact, it is part of the 
price which we must pay for our victory. The war involved practi- 
cally the whole world, and the whole world is now paying the cost; 
but heavy as our share of the payment may seem, it is infinitely less 
than it would have been, in lives, money and comfort, if the war had 
been lost. For more than four years in their efforts to terminate the 
conflict the principal nations of the world devoted their utmost ener- 
gies to the destruction of lives and property. Now we must build 
up again, and we must all bear our share of the burden, and the 
burden on each will be lighter if we all work together. 

Congress has provided a method for adjusting all disputes arising 
between the railroad companies and their employes concerning wages 
and working conditions, and I am confident that it will be much 
better for all in the end if we try to adjust our differences in an 
orderly manner as prescribed by law. 

I wish also to add my personal thanks and appreciation to all 
those who loyally supported the Baltimore and Ohio Company in its 
effort to perform the duty resting upon it as a common carrier, under 
the trying conditions we have just p£ sed through, as well as take 
advantage of this occasion to extend to you all my best wishes. 

April 30, 1920. 

President, The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company 

satisfaction can be had at times than 
can be secured through barrels of cor- 

It would be instructive — and prob- 
ably embarrassing^ — to many of us to 
have our attention called to the paper 
waste which occurs in our own offices 
each day. We want to help the Com- 
pany save, but our supervision is not 
always the best. Chief clerks, in 
particular, would do well to take a 
look at their mailing desks once in a 
while and see if stationery supplies 
are being properly handled. 

Two Dollars and Twenty-eight 
By M. E. Tuttle 
Division Operator, Cleveland, Ohio 

TRY for awhile, every time a ton- 
nage freight train stops at your 
station, to throw away the above 
amount and see how the pay check 
will look bv the end of the month. 

Recent tests show that every t ; me 
a tonnage train is stopped it costs 
the Railroad Company $2.28. 

Each of us sees comparatively few 
trains of the hundreds run daily by 
our Company, which also employs 
hundreds of Telegraph Operators. 
Suppose each operator stops' one train 
a week unnecessarily; how many 
$2.28's would be thrown away? 

One of the causes for unnecessary 
stops developed at the tests was 
"Failure of Operators to give sig- 
nal promptly." If you were pay- 
ing the $2.28 how many would be 
stopped ? 

Answer the Dispatcher promptly, 
giving him time to get his orders 
ready. Answer other offices and give 
them clearance on passenger trains 
before it is necessary to stop trains 
following. When your orders will 
allow a train to keep going, get 
out and hand them on and assist 
in everv possible wav in saving the 



Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

The Task That Bolshevism Faces 

You know that it takes an artist to paint a picture. 

You know that it takes a clever mechanic to make a watch. 

And you know that anybody can ruin the picture or the watch by a kick. 

The tearing down of anything — whether a watch, or a house, or a government — is easy. It is 
the building of it that is hard. 

This is the task that Russia under Bolshevism faces today. Read what Lenin says about it in the following summary 
of his latest statement, "The Soviets at Work:" 

The Bolshevists have destroyed capitalism, nationalized 
industry and formed workers' Soviets. But Russia is still 
far from communism and a socialist soviet republic. 

What the Bolshevists have done so far was the easiest part. 
It was the destructive part. It required only force and 
decrees. The hardest part is still before them. Bolshevism 
will fail unless it can rebuild Russian industries and get 
maximum production. 

This cannot be accomplished under the original plan of 
Bolshevism. The workers' Soviets don't know how to run 
the factories and keep order. And the workers aren't yet 
willing to work for the same rate of pay for different kinds 
of work. The machine worker still wants more than the 
man with a pick; and the brain worker still wants more 
than the machine worker. Russia will not have commun- 
ism until human nature is changed and each man is will- 
ing to work for the good of all instead of for personal gain. 

Lenin is doing all this. He has unlimited authority. He is taking away the powers of the factory Soviets and placing 
his bourgeois experts in charge. He is giving these new bosses what they never had before — absolute power over the 
workers. They cannot strike. They cannot even complain. Lenin compels their obedience by cutting off bread cards 
or calling in the Red Guard. His latest words to the Russian workers are: "Obey and don't listen to those who say our 
theories are wrong." 

Some people say we ought to have Bolshevism in America. But we ought first to learn how it is working out in Russia. 
Lenin can tell us better than the Bolshevists in America. They Say what Lenin USED to Say; not what he says NOW. 

And Lenin says now that Bolshevism has failed as a means of government and a means of production because human 
nature is stronger than his former ideas. 

It will take yeai to change human nature by education 
and to teach wc kers to run factories by soviet methods. 
But in the meantime industry must be reorganized and 
maximum output by both factory and the individual 
worker maintained. 

The only course before the bolshevist leaders is to take a 
step backward from the soviet state — to return to the old. 
order. They must call in bourgeois experts at large sala- 
ries to run the factories. They must adopt the factory 
methods of "capitalistic" America. 

And the bolshevist leaders must go back still further. 
They must place the workers under iron discipline. They 
must make the hundreds and thousands of workers in 
each factory subject to the will of one man — the bourgeois 
manager. The workers must be compelled to work their 

The Inter-racial Council 

120 Broadway, New York 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Freight Claims — the C. Q. 
of the Railroad World 


JACK BINNS, you remember, was 
the 1 8 year old wireless operator 
who first buzzed the C. Q. D. 
(Come Quick — Danger) signal from 
the operating room of a sinking ship. 
He got a quick and satisfactory 
response and the human freightage, 
whose plight he flashed out through 
the ether, were saved. 

The plight of the railroads, caught 
between the upper millstone of in- 
creased operating costs and the nether 
millstone of a revenue return which, 
under the law, has not kept pace 
with these increased costs, is put to 
it to flash the C. Q. D. to all its 

Every department is making a 
drive toward increased efficiency and 
.the responses given on coal saving, 
Safety and other phases of operation, 
are generous and encouraging. One 
item still bulks large under the debit 
of inefficiency, namely, Loss and 
Damage, although some improve- 
ment was shown during the last year. 
Now, when everyone gets interested, 
a remarkable showing can and will be 

The transportation of freight enlists 
the services of all employes in our 
Transportation Department. Hence 
everyone along t*ie line can help. 
But let's consider first — 

The Receiving Clerk 

He is, perhaps, the most important 
single individual in the safe handling 
of our commodities. And let's sup- 
pose that Mr. Receiving Clerk were 
entirely concerned with the receiving 
of his own property instead of the 
property of hundreds of shippers, 
every day in the year. Would he 

refuse to accept improperly crated 
or packed commodities? Of course 
he would, because every shipment 
not so packed runs the risk of being 
a partial or total loss on his hands. 
Would he be very careful to see that 
he did not sign for goods which he 
did not actually receive for trans- 
portation? He would, indeed, for 

learning the essentials of the business 
thoroughly or of promotion more 
quickly than this very job. 

Essential Qualities 

The receiving clerk should, of 
course, be familiar with freight classi- 
fication. He must be something of 
a student of human nature and know 
the drivers of the trucks making the 
deliveries, the good and the bad, the 
scrupulous and the unscrupulous. 
He can be an asset to both the Rail- 
road and the shipper. For the inter- 
ests of each are identical. And a 
diplomatic receiving clerk can per- 

The Office Staff— Left to right: Seated, F. L. Schepler, Assistant to General Freight Claim Agent; C. C. 
Glessner, General Freight Claim Agent; W. C. Bowhay, Special Agent. Standing, E. H. Brewer, Secretary to 
General Freight Claim Agent; W. R. Heartt, Chief Clerk. 

his personal resources could not stand 
for long the loss of packages which 
would otherwise ensue. 

The Opportunity for the Good Receiving 

The difference between a good re- 
ceiving clerk and a poor one means 
thousands of dollars in revenue to the 
Railroad each year. The good re- 
ceiving clerk must be an all-around 
man. On the other hand, hardly any 
position open to beginners in railroad 
service offers a better opportunity for 

Monday morning sees over 10,000 pieces of mail, envelopes, etc., each containing an average of four 


suade shippers in a pleasant and 
resultful way of the best method of 
packing and marking their shipments 
so that no loss will result either to 
them or to the Railroad. 

The Loading Clerk 

The loading clerk is the next impor- 
tant factor. First, he must be a good 
diplomat and able to get a cheerful 
and responsive cooperation from his 
truckers and loaders. Their interest 
in their work is usually a reflection of 
his attitude toward his job. Al- 
though rules and suggestions without 
number have been made for loading 
and stowing, the best rule is that of 
common sense, men can easily be 
trained to use this quality if they 
have the right attitude toward their 

Specifically, the loading clerk must 
see that shipments are loaded into 
the proper cars and recorded cor- 
rectly so that revenue billings will 
be issued to cover safely to points of 

The Mechanical Department Steps In 

Right here another factor, seem- 
ingly one indirectly but actually 
directly related to the safe handling 
of freight, namely, the car repair 
gang — the mechanical department — 

1 6 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

agent and consignee a good turn. 
Furthermore, he realizes that what 
helps his employer helps him, and he 
is, therefore, boosting his own game. 

The unlocated loss of entire pack- 
ages is another big problem. The 
thoughtless receiving clerk signs for 
more than he gets. Or the car door 
is left open and the package drops out 
and is never heard from again. Or 
the delivery clerk fails to get a receipt. 
The consignor is disgusted with the 
railroad service. The consignee feels 
likewise, plus a lot of indignation 
about the poor service he is getting 
from his consignor. Finally, the 
Railroad is put to large expense for 
investigation and finally for payment 
of claim. 

We have not touched upon certain 
other important factors in this busi- 
ness. Upon the necessity of the 
receiving clerk sending revenue billing 
promptly to agent at destination. 
Upon the necessity for the latter 
getting out his arrival notice 

Accounting and Suspense Division 

on the Railroad who are directly en- 
gaged with the movement of freight. 

From the mail room shown in the 
accompanying picture claims go to 
the record room. Here proper record 
entries are made and claims are 
distributed to the various bureaus, 
according to the kind of commodities 
and the amount of the claims. 

We have experts on grain claims, 

Dictaphone Operators — Every efficiency device is employed in the Freight Claim work, 
yet the cost is enormous 

promptly and winning the coopera- 
tion and interest of shippers along the 
lines of prompt delivery of their 

Clerical Expense Involved 

Nor have we mentioned the enor- 
mous amount of clerical detail essen- 
tial to the proper handling of loss and 
damage claims. Three hundred and 
twenty-five officials, investigators and 
clerks are busy about this business in 
our home office building alone. Forty 
thousand communications arrive each 
day for handling. More than six 
thousand letters go out every twenty- 
four hours. The average claim has 
to pass through the hands of 15 
clerks and officials before it is finally 
settled. And as there were 239,132 
claims during 19 19, you can see what 
this means. 

How Claims Are Handled 

A brief account of the method of 
handling claims in the home office 
will interest thousands of employes 

live stock, perishable shipments, 
household goods, shipments short, 
damaged and miscellaneous. Each 
of them is trained specially on the 
type of claims he handles and the 
laws governing them. 

For instance: a claim comes in for 
loss on a shipment of peaches, refused 
by consignee at destination on ac- 
count of deterioration. We have the 

shipment inspected by a Government 
inspector, who finds that the peaches 
have rotted because of a disease 
inherent to the territory from which 
they came. The claim investigator 
knows immediately that this is a 
valid reason for refusing claim, pro- 
vided that shipment has had prompt 
and reasonable handling while en 

These experts handle claims 
amounting to $100.00 or more. Other 
claim investigators, less experienced, 
handle claims of smaller amounts, all 
of which are classified as to com- 
modity and the nature of the claim. 

Each claim investigator is charged 
each morning with a debit represent- 
ing the number of claims given him 
for investigation that particular day. 
In the evening he gets a credit for 
the investigations he has completed. 

If he establishes the Company's 
liability for the claim, he passes it for 
payment. In then goes to revisors, 
who are experienced claim investi- 
gators, for further investigation. If 
they confirm the validity of the claim, 
the distribution of the charge against 
our own Road and connections for 
joint responsibility is made. The 
cause to which the claim is charge- 
able is also determined, whether to 
defective equipment, rough handling, 
derailment, or other typical causes. 
The claim then goes to the Voucher 
Bureau, where voucher is issued and 
sent to the claimant. 

Rcconsignment Bureau, Voucher Writers, Correspondence Clerks, Claim Prevention Bureau 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Record Division— Thousands upon thousands of essential records pile up the expenses of costly claims 

steps in. For, if the car, containing 
its perishable cargo of freight, often 
valued in the thousands of dollar, is 
not in good condition, loss and 
damage are bound to result. 

Good railroad practice demands 
that an agent refuse a car if it is not 
tight. A good agent will do this. 
On the other hand, if the mechanical 
department does its part in supplying 
satisfactory cars, the agent's work 
and worry are decreased and much 
time is saved. 

A good tight car supplied, again 
we can emphasize the fact that if the 
stower loads the car as if he were 
loading his own property, the goods 
will be carried to their destinations 
safely, provided only everything goes 
well with — 

The Transportation Factor 

You who have had experience in 
railroad terminals perhaps remember 
the first time you saw and heard 
a freight train being made up for 
dispatching. The booming of car 
against car makes one not used to the 
performance wonder how the equip- 
ment ever stands such usage. But 
it is built strong. And if our operat- 
ing men will only give it a fair chance, 
the equipment itself will do its part. 
Again comes up the whispered in- 
junction : 

"Wonder what I would do if I 
owned it?" 

If we could all think of that, how 
few flying switches would be made, 
with their consequent destruction of 
equipment and freight; how few sud- 
den stops and hard applications of 
brakes; how few sudden and jerky 
starts when they could possibly be 
avoided ! 

Up to this stage of the game, how- 
ever, let's assume that all of the fac- 

it necessary for him to hand over 
valuable goods to truckers without 
getting receipts from them. 

There are some unscrupulous 
people who will never believe that 
honesty is the best policy. Drivers 
of delivery vehicles are known to take 
more packages than their bills of 
lading call for; also to fail to give 
proper receipt for goods delivered and 
then to make false claim for loss. |So 
the delivery clerk must be ever watch- 
ful for the unscrupulous trucker, con- 
stantly on the job to protect the 
shipper and the Railroad. 

Lafgest Leaks 

If one should specify one or two 
particular operations in the handling 
of freight, the improvement of which 
would help most in cutting down loss 
and damage, he could say "better 
packing," and "decreasing loss of 
entire package." 

Take the first and see how every- 
body wins and nobody loses when 
freight is properly packed: 

Claim Investigators — Men and women who must give a most conscientious and personal interest to the 

exacting detail of their work 

tors have done their work well; that 
the train is safely standing alongside 
the terminal and that the freight is 
unloaded and ready to be handled 
by the delivery clerks. 

The Delivery Clerk 
Mr. Delivery Clerk is ordinarily a 
very busy man, but it is unfortunate, 
indeed, when he is so busv as to make 

Revisors and Investigators— Over, Short and Damage Division 

John Jones, in Pittsburgh, care- 
lessly packs a shipment to John 
Brown, in Baltimore. At some time 
during the journey the shipment 
breaks and a part or all of the goods 
are lost or d ama S e d- Brown, in 
Baltimore, is waiting for the mer- 
chandise to supply his customers. 
Instead of getting what he needs, he 
gets only a small part of what he 
needs, and has to go to the trouble of 
getting further shipments by quick, 
expensive delivery, and then of filing 
claim with the Railroad for the bal- 
ance of the shipment. Jones, of 
Pittsburgh, puts the blame on the 
Railroad and runs the risk of losing 
his customer in Baltimore, simply 
because he was not sufficiently edu- 
cated along the lines of good packing 
to see that his merchandise is prop- 
erly prepared for transportation. 
Hence Mr. Receiving Clerk, who per- 
suades Jones, of Pittsburgh, that it is 
to his best interests to pack properly, 
is doing consignor, transportation 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Outbound Mail and Statistical Room 

Claims Are Decreasing 

The 239,122 claims made against 
the Baltimore and Ohio during 19 19 
showed a substantial decrease as 
compared with the figure of 275,736 
for 1918. 

The payments made during 1919 
were, however, about $1,500,000 more 
than during 19 18, this being largely 
due to the increased cost of the com- 
modities handled — to our old friend 
H. C. L. 

Our officials, however, consider that 
the showing made is encouraging and 
that further efforts along the lines 

already started will bring marked 

The question resolves itself wholly 
into one of personal interest on the 
part of all employes involved in the 
shipment of commodities. A section 
foreman recently wrote an article for ' 
the Magazine in which he said, "I 
know that I do not own a single spike 
on the Railroad. But in doing my 
work I feel that I own every bit of 
property I handle, and take care of it 

If we will all get his viewpoint, 
claims for loss and damage will come 

Quote File References and Save Your Time, 
Temper and Religion 

By C. F. Enoch 
Agent, Boswell, Pa. 

IF I had the job of counting up 
the lost hours, of ironing out the 
ruffled tempers, and of listing 
up the variety of cuss words that are 
the result of the failure to quote file 
numbers when answering correspon- 
dence, I am afraid I should have to 
employ such a large force of statis- 
tical clerks as would give an ordinary 
agent the " walk-outis. " 

I have been in the employment of 
the Railroad for so many years, in 
fact, half my life — I confess to 37 
years- — and have talked to so many 
railroad people about the importance 
of quoting file references that I am 
convinced that there are many who 
insist upon others doing the very thing 
that they themselves neglect to do. It 
is not that the writers do not know 
that file numbers should be quoted, 
but they need an occasional reminder 
to jog their memories and to arouse 
their interest. I have been watching 
my mail for some time back and note 
that there are just three points which 
quote regularly the references as 
given on my letters, namely: the 
offices of the Auditor of Revenue, 
Auditor of Merchandise Receipts, 

and the Superintendent of Car Serv- 
ice. There may be others which are 
just as careful, but the majority of 
them need to be waked up. 

Take for example the following: 

Blank Town, February 11, 1920. 
Dear Sir: 

In reply to yours of recent date, 
we would say that the cars mentioned 
moved out of Blank on the 5th. 
Yours truly, 

X. Y. Z. 

Now if mine happened to be a large 
office and X. Y. Z. a Superintendent, 
I would doubtless have written any 
number of letters to that gentleman. 
"Of recent date" means almost 
nothing; "the cars mentioned" is of 
little value; the only definite thing 
about the whole thing is the location. 
Pray tell me where I ought to look 
for this letter, memorandum, or tele- 
gram — I know not which — if there is 
no file number to guide me? Who 
will help me to make up for lost time 
spent in hunting for it? Who is to 
blame for the delay in notifying con- 
signee of the movement of his cars ? 

Correspondence seems to have 
reached the point where we are made 
to feel that we are just a little less 
than the cog in the machinery, and 
sometimes it seems as if we are 
treated with less consideration, care 
and courtesy than would be extended 
to machinery. I am sure a little 
personal attention to correspondence 
would cause a warmer feeling among 
the officers and employes of the Com- 

The quoting of a file reference 
seems a little thing to do and it takes 
such little time that we cannot 
realize how important a practise it 
is. But, as Michael Angelo said, 
"Trifles make perfection, and perfec- 
tion is no trifle. " 

By "Ernie" Baugh 
of the Dining Car Department 


Of kidney trouble, at his home in 
Baltimore, Md., "Tom" Billups, colored 
chef, Dining Car 1029, 22 years with 
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Dining 
Car Department. His record is as clean 
and as white as the day we put the card 
in the rack. — Adios. 

Clipped from the Baltimore Sun of March 4 : 

Page Jesse James, Please 
The simple homely spud now wears a 25 
cents a pound ticket and smoked brisket 
of beef sells for $2.10 a pound. Some cheese 
costs $4.20 a pound, and the best eggs $1.60 
a dozen. 

Very ordinary Broadway restaurants 
charge 25 cents for a cup of coffee and 5 or 
10 cents extra for cream. It costs $1.25 to 
sit down in even the cheapest places, and 
$5.00 is not an unusual cover charge where 
there is music. There was a man who paid 
$3.40 for a dinner for three and then went 
to a cafeteria for a meal. 

Why don't you try our Commercial 
Travelers' Special Club Meal at 75 cents? 
Or a Baltimore and Ohio Special Dinner 
at $1.25? 

'IllimilllC'll on 11110111 Oiiiiii Ci ""it rjiiiiimlitouii □iiiNiiiulOIIIIIMMCrj' 

Are You Fully Protected? 
In the past three years building 
costs have nearly doubled. Have 
you increased your fire insurance 
to the amount it would cost you 
to replace your property in case of | 
loss by fire? 

You should be protected! 
If you are a borrower from the g 
Savings Feature of the Relief De- J 
partment, and wish to have your j 
insurance adjusted to meet present 
conditions, write to W. J. Dudley, j 
Superintendent, Relief Department, j 
Baltimore, Md. .j 

iioiiitiiiiiioiiiiiiiiiiiDiiuiiiiiiiom Dt iiiioiiiimiiioiiiiOmiiiiiiiiiiU timioiimiuiiom itiniitt^g 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Old Put's Fire Boy 

By Charles W. Tyler 

" \ ND you think you can fire a 

r\ locomotive, eh?" demanded 
Nolan, glaring at the youth 
before him. 

"Y-yes, sir," muttered the new- 
comer without much enthusiasm, "I 
guess so." 

"Guess so!" roared the foreman. 
"Huh! Another guesser. What's 
your name?" 

"Broderick. Tom Broderick." A 
bit sulkily. 

"All right," turning to the crew 
dispatcher, "fix him up. We'll see 
how the last one Todd sent us sticks 
it out." And to Tom again: "We 
need firemen, young feller, but we are 
pretty well fed up on dubs and 
quitters. It's up to you to show what 
you are made of. You'll get all the 
chance in the world if you start out 
trying, but if you are inclined to lay 
down on the job when the going gets 
a little bit hard you might just as well 
go home. Got a place to stay yet?" 

The youngster shook his head. 

"Well, I guess you can get a room 
over to the Boston House. Find out ; 
then let us know." 

The foreman went out and slammed 
the door. He had not been favorably 
impressed by the new man, and Nolan 
was not one to hide his feelings. 

Tom Broderick's student trips were 
not the hardest things in the world. 
The first two trips were on a helper, 
where he studied the art of handling 
a scoop and hook from the fireman's 
seat. His last student run was on 
the local freight, and, other than to 
poke the iron into a lazy fire a few 
times and bale in a little coal occasion- 
ally, he did no real work. 

Tom's courage and confidence had 
mounted considerably by the time 
that he was "first out" on the spare 
board. He felt that after all rail- 
roading wasn't going to be such a hard 
old grind. He had no doubt but that 
he would get along as well alone as he 
had breaking in with another man. 
He was inclined to feel a bit chesty, 
and it was in this state of mind that 
he drifted into the Boston House 
basement restaurant at about ten 
o'clock for a cup of coffee and a piece 
of pie before going to bed. 

The place was deserted, and for 
this fact Tom was not sorry. Mollie 
King was on the counter nights, and 
Mollie would have stood out just as 
prominently in a beauty show as she 
towered head and shoulders above 
the dingy surroundings of which she 
was a part. 

Mollie King, besides being posses- 
sed of bright eyes and pink cheeks 
and trim lines, had a personality that 
was all her own. She, also, was en- 
dowed with considerable more com- 
mon sense than is generally accredited 
the usual beauties of the garden. 
Mollie divided railroad men into 
three distinct classes — good, bad and 

The first she accorded good fellow- 
ship; the second absolutely nothing 
but cold courtesy; the third she held 
to be a class that must sooner or 
later revert to either the first or the 
the second rank, hence she tolerated 
them pending their baptism of fire. 

Tonight Tom climbed onto a stool 
and immediately began to unburden 
his soul. "All set for my first trip out 
alone," he confided, allowing his eyes 
to rest on Mollie in an unconcealed 
quest for encouragement mingled 
with open admiration. 
"Say, do you know I 
have been scared to 
death of firing. But, 
by gorry, it's coming 
dead easy. If I got 
called tonight I'll bet 
I could fire the mean- 
est old hog they have 
got — and come back 
fresh as a daisy. I 
guess I got the knack 
of keeping 'em hot 
quicker than a lot of 
fellows did." 

Mollie poured the 
milk into the coffee 
mug; then moved to 
the steaming urn. 
When she placed the 
coffee and pie before 
Tom Broderick, that 
young gentleman sud- 
denly became aware of 
the fact that her cool, 
gray eyes were study- 
ing him with a strange 
quizzical light showing 
in their sober depths. 

After a little Mollie 
said slowly: 

"I've heard lots of 
the boys say that — 
just before they went 
out on their first regu- 
lar road trip." She 
paused, moved a small 
pile of greasy menu 
slips toward her and 
began copying the 
items from a rough, 
penciled draft. At a blistering hot 

length she concluded dryly : "But most 
of them never even came back to use 
up their pie check." 

Tom set his coffee down suddenly 
and looked at the girl long and 
earnestly* "What do you mean ?" he 
asked after a little. 

"Potted beef and onions, 35 cents," 
wrote Mollie slowly. Then she said 
with a saucy little drawl : 

"Well, you see after a little while 
the going got a trifle rough and they 
got a cinder in their eye, or blistered 
their hands on a hot hook, or the 
hogger cussed them out, or the coal 
got back in the tank and the shack 
said, 'Kick it down yourself, you 
darned farmer, I ain't getting paid 
for firing the goat,' or some little 
thing like that, and they yelled for 
relief, or else, maybe, climbed down 
and quit the job at the first stop. 
Their holler was that they were no- 
body's nigger waiter, and they would- 
n't stand being sworn at like that by 
the King of England. That's why 
a lot of them never came back — there 
was too much saffron under their skin. 
They'll never make good at anything." 

{Continued on page 64) 

hook fried grease from the leather gloves he wore. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

The Job Destroyers 

SINCE the signing of the armi- 
stice a door has stood open to 
save for our masses the benefits 
of the great stimulus the war gave to 
industry and to life. 

We had before us a great object 
lesson which taught not merely that 
individual workers could do more, 
but that harmonious social coopera- 
tion could achieve miracles. A great 
opportunity beckoned to our people 
to apply their energy more intelli- 
gently. To keep the dollar at its old 
purchasing power while maintaining 
wages at the new levels but one thing 
was needed, and that was to swell 

Alas! it was not done. The de- 
lusion seized hold of our labor organi- 
zations and those responding to their 
leadership that men could create less 
and at the same time get more. 

This can't be done — never has been 
done and never will be done. It is 
no more possible to set aside the law 
that the sum of distribution cannot 
exceed the total of production than it 
is to suspend the law of gravity. 
Complain of this law as much as you 
please; there it stands, irrepealable 
and indifferent to all railing. 

Back of all the industrial distur- 
bances lurks the unfounded assump- 
tion that the way to get more is to do 
less. From every part of the country 
comes the report of a decline in per 
capita production despite the rise in 
nominal wages. Of course, men often 
find that the new wages do not buy 
as much in food, in clothes and rent 
as did the old. 

It could not be otherwise. A de- 
cline in real wages is the inevitable 
consequence of the failure of the 
average worker to create as much as 
formerly. No strike, legal or illegal, 
is able to increase real wages over any 
considerable period. Only by en- 
larging per capita production do real 
wages rise. 

Our people — for our laboring masses 
are our people — have been guilty of 
.great folly and must pay the price 
folly always collects. Industrial equi- 
poise now promises to come another 
way. The highway of increased pro- 
duction not having been taken, it 
looks as if we must flounder through 
the mire of smaller demand and 
lessened consumption, which is an- 
other way of describing a lower 
standard of living. 

Unless those commanding the con- 
fidence of our wage-earning masses 
have the intelligence and the courage 
to provide a different sort of leader- 
ship than they have revealed during 
the last eighteen months Ave cannot 
hope to escape seeing in the not dis- 

tant future a lessening of consump- 
tion whose effect will be non-employ- 
ment. It is impossible for prices for- 
ever to spiral upward. The higher 
they go the greater will be the sub- 
sequent fall. Every true friend of 
labor will adjure it to get on its job 
and stay there until such time as pro- 
duction is normal once more. — N. Y . 

A Lot of Union Carpenters 

TT IS the fashion just now to find a 
J. lot of fault with the labor unions. 

They are said to be greedy, grasp- 
ing, irresponsible, quite regardless of 
the rights of other people. They en- 
force unreasonable demands with 
threats of violence. They are selfish, 
lawless, unscrupulous — a menace to 
orderly government. 

A certain type of man talks even 
more wildly about organized labor 
whenever he happens to bark his shin 
on one of the sharp-edged facts of 
which the world is at present un- 
pleasantly full. And, doubtless, offi- 
cials and members of some labor 
unions, in fighting for higher wages 

j This Page Has An Inter- 1 
esting History j 

This page has an interesting I 

j history. The first article which j 

j appears, "The Job Destroyers," j 

I was sent to our Printing Depart- j 

I ment at Mount Clare to be set up | 

| in type for the Magazine. The \ 

I , union compositors there saw it and j 

| wrote to the Editor requesting that | 

| the other article which appears on j 

J this page, "A Lot of Union Car- § 

I penters," be published with it. 

We are glad to accede to this re- l 

j quest, for the Baltimore and | 

| Ohio Magazine, in line with the | 

j announcement in this issue, will ! 

| aim to present both sides of all j 

| questions of interest to Baltimore j 

I and Ohio employes not only in [ 

| their capacity of employes but also J 

j in their finer relationship as citi- j 

I zens of our common country. 

J We are glad to publish the j 

I article commending the union car- § 

| penters because, while it may I 

I sometimes be our duty to point out j 

j instances in which it may seem to | 

| us that the activities of organized f 

I labor are not conducive to the best | 

| interests o f the country, it is always 1 

I a more pleasant duty to recognize I 

| activities inspired by sympathy I 

I for our fellow creatures and con- j 

| ducive to the common welfare. 

and shorter hours, have not alto- 
gether followed the Golden Rule, 
which the rest of us are always so 
careful to observe. 

But a public which wishes to be 
fair will not confine its attention to 
labor activities of a single kind. It 
will, perhaps, be interested in a strik- 
ing and remarkable labor demon- 
stration which occurred Saturday and 
Sunday a week ago in Melrose Park, 
a suburb of Chicago. 

It will be recalled that a couple of 
weeks ago a cyclonic storm swept 
through the Middle West, destroying 
thousands of buildings, killing some 
65 people and injuring many hun- 
dreds. Melrose Park, which is a 
suburb of small frame cottages, was 
one of the communities worst hit by 
the storm. Scores of its little homes 
were unroofed and blown to pieces. 
Heads of some families were killed 
and their other members carried off, 
badly injured, to the hospitals. 

Saturday noon, when the short 
working week, of which some of us 
complain, was over, no less than 1,500 
union carpenters of Chicago mobil- 
ized and marched in a solid column 
out into the ruined suburb. The 
procession was headed by business 
agents and other union officials. Its 
members carried with them their 
hammers, saws and other tools. All 
Saturday afternoon and from sunup 
to sundown on Sunday the 1,500 ex- 
perts worked like mad on the rebuild- 
ing of the ruined homes of Melrose 
Park. There was no question of 
wages or working hours involved. 
Every man gave the best that was in 
him, freely and without price. 

All day Sunday the sound of ham- 
mer and saw filled the air with its 
unselfish paean. All day great crowds 
of people stood in the streets of the 
village and cheered the volunteer 
workers. When the sun rose Sunday 
morning the house, from the ruins of 
which William Selk had been taken 
out dead, lay level with the ground. 
Just seven hours and fifteen minutes 
later it stood whole again, rebuilt and 
complete, and the Stars and Stripes 
floated from the gable end. The 
fatherless family had again a roof 
over their heads. Surely that was a 
work worthy of the day! 

Before nightfall on Sunday that 
busy regiment of union carpenters 
had changed Melrose Park from a 
region of ruin and desolation into a 
suburb of trim and well-built homes. 
After which they ate a sort of house- 
warming supper with the restored 
residents, wished them the best of 
luck, and went back to the city to get 
ready for their regular jobs. 

Next time one feels like cursing 
organized labor for claiming so much, 


perhaps, he will remember that it 
knows how to give also on an equal ly 
generous scale. — Baltimore Sun. 

Better Service Needed 

IF THE new demand of the Rail- 
road Administration for nearly 
half a billion dollars is granted — 
as it probably must be — our little 
experiment in Government operation 
of railroads will have cost the public 
treasury not far from two billion 

On top of that the big four brother- 
hoods of railroad trainmen are now 
demanding another increase in wages 
which will amount to $1,000,000,000 

Apparently the public is finally 
waking up to the fact that these 
enormous sums of money come 
directly out of their individual pock- 
ets. They represent a very con- 
siderable part of the burdensome 
higher cost of living. 

In the face of that fact the Amer- 
ican people are inclined to be not only 
fair and reasonable, but generous. 
They would more willingly, however, 
consent to another large boost in rail- 
road wages if they could see some 
signs of an improvement in railroad 

They make due allowance for the 
strain of war, which has come to take 
the place of charity in covering a 
multitude of sins. They know that 
the equipment of the railroads is not 
in good condition and that there are 
* other difficulties in the way. But 
they still fail to see why it should 
take, on the average, a full month to 
get a box from Chicago to, say, Char- 
lottesville, Va. A slow passenger 
train makes that run in less than 
twenty-four hours. Any half-way 
efficient, even endurable, service, 
should be able to deliver a freight 
shipment in a week or ten days at the 

Everywhere the complaint is the 
same. There are such intolerable 
delays that the only reasonable expla- 
nation is that railroad employes are 
not half trying to do their jobs. 

It is the same way in the passenger 
service. On a recent trip from Wash- 
ington to Chicago the train was twice 
stopped with such a sudden jerk that 
passengers who happened to be walk- 
ing in the aisles were thrown into the 
plate glass doors with such force that 
their faces were painfully cut on the 
broken glass. 

For such specific instances there 
may easily be reasonable explanations. 
But the complaint of poor and appar- 
ently careless and indifferent passen- 

ger service is general. Ask any man 
who has recently made a long journey 
in a sleeping car how many times a 
night, on the average, he was slam- 
med and banged around the railroad 

The ordinary man asking a big 
boost in wages would try to show that 
he deserved it by doing the best work 
he knew how. The public would 
listen more kirjdly to the demand of 
the railroad men if they were assured 
that better service would follow the 
boost in wages. — Baltimore Sun. 

"And the Greatest of 
These is Charity" 

MANY Baltimore and Ohio 
employes in this city can 
point with pardonable pride 
to the fact that they have contrib- 
uted, through the various organiza- 
tions with which they are affiliated, 
toward the erection and completion 
of the new Free Hospital of The 
Volunteers of America, on Lexington 
Street, near Paca. 

I Wonder! 

Are we fair when we refuse to j 

j talk over the differences of opinions j 

I we have and to find some way of j 

I adjusting them to the benefit of the I 
I property and ourselves? 

A re we fair when we allow out- 

I side influences to stampede us into j 

J forgetting our duty as fficials and f 

I employes to the extent that we set \ 

§ aside the question of the actual life j 

j of the Public and the Company f I 

Are we fair, as employes and j 
I officials, when we fail to see or 

j admit that there are two sides to j 

j questions and that either side may f 

| be right; when we fail to settle j 

j them along that line of thinking? j 


Then why aren't we big enough, j 

j square enough and clean enough to I 
i reach out and find the way? 

The dream is Utopian — per- | 

S haps — but I woidd rather Jtave j 

I such a dream than face a blank j 

f wall. j 

/ would rather believe in 11 As ye j 

I would that men should do to you J 

« do you even so to them;" rather I 

I send out a smile than a tear; \ 

j rather hope they can say of me: ] 

"His friends were legion," than j 
j to die a millionaire. 

1 1 'ouldn't you ?— E. V. Baugh. J 

Organized labor especially has re- 
sponded generously to the plea of 
Captain John Logan, of The Volun- 
teers of America, for aid in this pro- 
ject. As an instance of the help 
being given, Baltimore Typographi- 
cal Union No. 12, to which the com- 
positors who get out the Magazine 
belong, has donated Si, 000. 00 to the 
free hospital. Our employes gener- 
ally are invited to visit this new 
institution, which will open early in 
May; they will find it modern in every 
respect and the finest thing about it 
is that it will be absolutely free — 
from ambulance service down through 
operating room, bed, nursing, medical 
attention, board, etc. 

It will be non-sectarian in char- 
acter, and as an evidence of the high 
class personnel of the hospital staff, 
we mention Dr. Robert P. Bay, of 
Maryland University Hospital, who 
is doubtless known to a number of 
our employes, and who will give of 
his valuable time to this worthy 

Where the Money Goes 

AN interesting computation has 
been made by The Railway Aye 
showing how the earnings of 
th railroads by days of the month are 
disposed of. On the basis of 19 19 
earnings, it says: 

"The earnings of 17! days of 
each month were paid to labor in 

wages 58-4%- 

"The earnings of 3 days were paid 

for fuel io-3%- 

"The earnings of 5 days were paid 
out for materials and supplies. . 16.8%. 

"The earnings of i| days were paid 
out for taxes and equipment and 

facility rents 4-2%. 

"This consumed the earnings of 27 
days of each month. 

"The earnings of the remaining 3 
days went to net operating income 
and were used by the government to 
pay the guarantee* standard return 
to the companies. The net operating 
income was insufficient for this pur- 
pose and in consequence there was 
incurred a deficit which had to be 
paid from taxes 10.3%" 

MORALE, whether in the mailing room 
of a railroad office, or in an army of a 
million men, is the most important essen- 
tial for success. If YOUR morale is good, 
Mr. Supervising Officer, nine times out of 
ten that of your subordinates is good also. 
And when things go wrong, a little self- 
examination won't do any harm. 



By E. V. Milholland, M. D. 
Medical and Surgical Director 

HAVEN'T youknownmen, work- 
ing untiringly through many 
years, impelled to thrift and 
self-denial by the prospect of a day 
when they could rest and enjoy the 
fruits of their labor, to be disap- 
pointed when in sight of the goal by 
the onset of some disease or physical 
affliction which blights their coveted 
happiness and eventuallv carries them 

Haven't you heard of men of 
wealth and affluence who, envied for 
their apparent happiness and indiffer- 
ence to the cares of the world, were 
actually afflicted by chronic and in- 
curable bodily ailments, which in- 
volve the sacrifice of most of the 
pleasures that fortune offers? 

Do we not see daily many examples 
of premature physical decline, broken 
constitutions, anatomical wrecks — 
derelicts along life's pathway; men 
who, ignoring the fundamental prin- 
ciples of healthful living, and those 
who boast of their defiance of these 
precepts, have meanwhile deceived 
themselves with the idea that they 
were getting the most and best out of 
life and were physically impregnable 
to commonplace ills ? 

Can you imagine anything more 

intimately related to the destinies of 
a race, the prowess of a nation, the 
accomplishments of an organized 
body of men, or the unalloyed happi- 
ness and mental and physical vigor 
of an individual, than the inestimable 
treasure of good health ? 

From the cradle to the grave is the 
measure of our human existence. 
And the length of this period, as well 
as the degree of comfort, cheerfulness 
and well-being embraced in it, are 
matters that lie largely in our own 
hands, for the measures most efficient 
in prolonging life are identical with 
those that make it more livable. 

Years of patient investigation in 
the sphere of preventive medicine, 
and knowledge as to the effect of 
habits of living upon the human sys- 
tem, have evolved very definite rules 
for the preservation of health and pro- 
longation of life. To such an extent 
has the efficacy of personal hygiene 
or anti-disease precaution entrenched 
itself in the minds of the public, that 
physicians now-a-days are frequently 
•importuned by their patients to keep 
them well, instead of curing them 
after disease has overtaken them. It 
may be that we are tending towards 
the revival of a Chinese custom under 
which physicians were paid when the 
people were well, but were not paid 
when they became sick. Good health 
ordinarily is a cheap commodity, but 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

disease drains the purse, saps vitality 
and shortens life. 

Reasonably assured that readers 
of our Magazine will welcome advice 
and suggestions on this all-important 
problem of health preservation and 
life extension, based on the latest 
advances in medical science, it will be 
the purpose of this section of the 
Magazine to present brief and in- 
structive articles each month by 
members of the medical staff of the 
Relief Department. We trust our 
efforts will appeal to our readers. If 
only a few profit by the advice offered, 
our contribution to the sum of human 
happiness will be considerable, and 
our service of value. The addition 
of one, five or fifteen years to a life, 
here and there, is well worth the task. 

Brakeman A. C. McGinnis on 
First Aid 

Brakeman A. C. McGinnis, one of 
our Safety committeemen on the 
Indiana Division, prepared for the 
Magazine a comprehensive and in- 
teresting article on First Aid. Space 
does not permit of the placing of this 
article in the Magazine, although 
from time to time interesting notes 
on First Aid, as prepared by our 
Relief Department staff, will appear 

First Aid is one of the most valu- 
able adjuncts in the preservation of 
the health of our employes and we 
are glad to see Brakeman McGinnis 
take so much interest in the subject. 

W. W. Wood Now Chief of 
Welfare Department; John 
T. Broderick, Superin- 
tendent of Safety 

ON March 15, C. W. Galloway, 
vice-president Operation and 
Maintenance, announced the 
appointment of W. W-. Wood as 
Chief of Welfare Department, and of 

Safe after forty years' service and— 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


John T. Broderick as Superintendent 
of Safety. 

After taking a post graduate course 
at Johns Hopkins University, in Balti- 
more, Mr. Wood took charge of the 
department of English and Literature 
in one of the state schools of the West. 
In 1899 he came with the Baltimore 
and Ohio as industrial agent, and con- 
tinued this work until 19 16, when he 
was appointed special representative 
in the President's office. He con- 
tinued this work under Federal con- 
trol, reporting to the Federal Manager, 
Eastern Lines. 

During the war Mr. Wood did in- 
valuable work in putting the many 
war drives "over the top" on the 
Baltimore and Ohio. His splendid 
training as an economist, and his 
originative thinking, his gracious yet 
forceful personality, and his rare gift 
as a public speaker, made a dec]) 
impression on the thousands of our 
employes who had the privilege of 
hearing his addresses in behalf of the 
Liberty loans and the other big cam- 
paigns during the war. 

Mr. Wood is a keen student of 
economics and sociology, and plans 
which he has already made for the 
extension of the welfare work will be 
of great importance and benefit to 
the employes of the Railroad. 

John T. Broderick has been with 
the Railroad for a number of years 
and his experience in different depart- 
ments has given him a knowledge 
of the various phases of railroading 
which will be of distinct advantage in 
handling the Safety work. 

Before his appointment as Super- 
intendent of Safety and Welfare in 
191 7, Mr. Broderick was engaged as 
Secretary and Chief Clerk to several 
of our executive officers. He was se- 
lected as one of the supervising com- 
mittee, who, during Federal control, 
organized the plan of Safety followed 
by the railroads under the jurisdiction 
of the Safety Section. As head of 
the Safety movement on our Railroad, 

he perfected a comprehensive organi- 
zation and stimulated an individual 
interest in Safety on the part of both 
officers and employes which has 
counted heavily in the success of this 
important work during the last few 

Now that Mr. Broderick can devote 
his entire attention to Safety, a new 
standard of accomplishment may be 
looked for. 

Safe After Forty Years' 

THE picture on these pages por- 
trays better than any word 
description how safe it is to 
work for the Railroad — provided only 
that you are a Safe man. Each of 
these Mount Clare employes has been 
in the service over forty years. Each 
is doing a big day's work every day, 
now. Each is able to reap the bene- 
fits of a lifetime of service for the 
Company, because he has refused to 
be a chance taker. 

Just before this picture was taken 
on April 3 at Mount Clare, John T. 
Broderick, superintendent of Safety, 
addressed these Veterans of the Rail 
as follows: 

My Dear Friends: 

We have asked you to assemble here to- 
day so that a group photograph could be 
taken of employes who have been in the 
service of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 
forty years or more. Some of you, I under- 
stand, have been with the railroad over fifty 
years. This is certainly a record of which 
you can be proud and serves as a splendid 
example to prove that accidents have not 
shortened your lives and that accidents can 
be avoided. The combined years of service 
that all of you have given the railroad rep- 
resents approximately 2,500 years. 

The proud record which you have made 
should, and I am sure, will have a marked 
influence on other employes to serve the 
Company faithfully and well, as you have 
done. I congratulate you. We will have 
this photograph published in our Magazine 
so that other employes may know what 
Mount Clare has accomplished. 

The Veterans in the accompanying 
picture are numbered consecutively, 

from left to right, top row first, then 
bottom row, viz. : 

Length or 

No. Name Occupation Service in 


1 W. T.Garber Watchman 40 

2 C. J. Weber Foreman 43} 

3 G. E. Weber Machinist 42 

4 R. F. Mercer Carpenter 47 

5 G. W. Galloway Foreman 41} 

6 James Hayes Mill Machine Hand.. . 17 

7 George Heckathorn . . Laborer 4!) 

8 Robert Dale Carpenter 46} 

9 Jacob Krauss Tinner 46 

10 W. W. Wilkcnson Machinist 41 

11 J.N. Lewis Machinist 48 

12 C.J. Smith Machinist 4.1 

13 William Mercer Machinist 40 

14 B.C. Herbert Painter Helper 42} 

15 W.J. Crew Gang Foreman 44} 

16 Milton A. Price Painter 40J 

17 Charles B. Snapp Painter 39 

18 Charles Kolb Upholsterer 41 

19 William Bowers Boilermaker 46} 

20 T. F. Corcoran Boilermaker 20 

21 Frank Meyers Machinist 51 

22 W. A.Carroll Material Man 44} 

23 George Worth Machinist Helper 40 

24 George Forney Boilermaker Helper.. . 40 

2") Michael Burke Tender Repairman 42 

26 Christopher Fisher Laborer 41} 

27 W. G. Brown General Material Man 47} 

28 William Murphy Machinist 33 

29 John Lloyd Machinist 50 

30 M. A. Kinsey Moulder 40 

31 M. F. Tanevhill Mill Machine Hand.. . 43 

32 Henry MrNulty Coremaker 47} 

33 Edward Kent Mill Machine Hand.. . 41} 

34 William Kern Foreman 45 

35 Edward Bunting Machinist 44 

36 George King Mill Machine Hand.. . 41} 

37 C. M. Wright Machine Operator 47 

38 Michael Mullen Laborer 18 

39 A. F. Sadler Blacksmith 47} 

40 C. C. Dews Blacksmith 44} 

41 I. I. Litchfield Machine Operator 4<j 

42 T. A. Forrest Machine Helper 51} 

43 R.J. Morrow Machinist 47 

44 Robert Bolden Machinist 43 

45 George Doxson Blacksmith , 40 

46 John Montogue Machinist 41} 

47 G R. Sewell Bricklayer 41} 

48 Daniel Tatum Gang Foreman 51} 

49 J. O. Perm Machinist 44} 

50 J. Mercer Blacksmith 48 

51 William Zell Machinist 40 

52 W. E. Childs Boilermaker 41 

53 R . Schomous Machinist 44} 

54 ; G. Ittner Machinist 4S} 

55 Jesse Bentz Laborer 47 

56 "Tom" Martin Boilermaker !1 

57 William Cunningham Machinist " 40 

58 John Miller Tender Repairman . . 4n} 

59 J. H. Riley Boilermaker 42 

60 A. McKinzie Machinist 39 

61 Peter Therion Machinist 48 

62 George Burke Machinist 48J 

W. F. Braden Becomes Safety 
Under the new organization of .the 
Safety Department, W. F. BraoTen, 
formerly Editor of the Magazine and 
later Welfare Agent, becomes Safety 
Representative, reporting to John T. 
Broderick, Superintendent, Safety 

"hitting the ball" hard every day 


Robert M. Van Sant, Editor 
Margaret Talbott Stevens, Associate Editor 
Office, Mt. Royal Station, Baltimore, Md. 
Herbert D. Stitt, Staff Artist 
George B. Luckey, Staff Photographer 

Obsolete Methods 

I got to talking with a fellow-employe the other day 
and I pass this along as he gave it to me: 

"System? Ye gods! Some of our people don't know 
the first principles of it. Take an office organization 
which until a couple of months ago had its entire head- 
quarters right opposite ours. Mind you, it was an im- 
portant cog in the big wheel. Supervising a certain 
phase of work all over the Railroad, employing an office 
force of half a dozen and a road force of twice that number. 

"In fact their work was so important that it required 
many commercial telegraph messages and I soon began 
to wake up to the fact that during the noon hour, twelve 
to one, all such messages intended for that office had to 
be delivered to my office because the) 7 closed shop 
during that period and all went to lunch. 

"I didn't mind the bother of handling the telegrams 
nor the nuisance of hearing the telephone frantically 
ringing between twelve and one. But it did get on my 
nerves to think how far back they were in the modern 
procession of efficient workers. So, one day I asked the 
Chief Clerk in a casual way, 'Why?' 

" 'Oh,' he said, 'so-and-so lives about two blocks from 
here and his wife wants him home at 12.15 sharp for 
lunch. The two stenographers claim they get better 
service at the nearby restaurant if they get there early. 
I have to get a car leaving at 1 2.10 or I get back too late.' 
And so forth. 

"Still I am glad to say the inquiry did make a difference 
because their office is open during the noon hour now." 

Peanut Politics 

Have you read the findings of the many recent Con- 
gressional investigations of the graft, inefficiency and 
waste of war expenditures? Some peanut politics! 

Here seems to be the procedure : The majority party 
has. a majority of one on all the big committees, and the 
same majority on the sub-committees making the actual 
investigations. Expert witnesses are called (at expert 
prices per day), charges are made — then counter-charges. 
The majority of the sub-committee reports wilful, woe- 
ful waste. The minority of the sub-committee files a 
minority report giving a clean bill of health. The two 
reports are forwarded to the larger committee and the 
same fol-de-rol is repeated. 

Aside from the splendid opportunity for newspaper 
headlines in bold face type, and for campaign fodder, 
looking to the all important proceedings of November 2, 
next, what happens? Nothing but a waste of the tax- 
payers' money. Isn't there some way we can junk this 
kind of buffoonery ? 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Our New Associate Editor 

Miss Margaret Talbott Stevens, who, beginning with 
this issue, becomes Associate Editor of the Magazine, 
needs no introduction to our readers. For many months 
scarcely an issue of the Magazine has been published 
without one or more delightful contributions from -her 
pen. These she prepared after her busy working day 
as File Clerk in the office of the General Superintendent 
Transportation. That they have been enjoyed, has 
been amply evidenced by the fact that Miss Stevens has 
received many letters from correspondents, not only 
among our employes, but among others who happened 
to see copies of the Magazine, thanking her for the 
pleasure her poems and articles have given them. 

Miss Stevens particular work will be the building up 
of the Woman's Department. We want the Magazine 
to be read as widely as possible in the homes of the 
employes because the home circle should know some- 
thing of the activities and ideals of the Big Railroad 
which employs the family bread winners. 

Miss Stevens can be written to direct, as Associate 
Editor of the Baltimore and Ohio Magazine. Mount 
Royal Station, Baltimore, Md., by anyone who is in- 
terested in the special work which she will cover. 

We Felt Flattered 

A recent request for the Magazine came from a news 
dealer at Granite, Okla., hundreds of miles from the 
nearest point on our lines. He said that he had a call 
for the Magazine and that if we would send him a copy 
he would arrange to stock it in order to take care of the 
demand. I felt much like the darkey stevedore who 
was asked to change a twenty dollar bill — ■ 

Until < 

I happened to meet an old Railroad friend in the con- 
solidated ticket offices in our Baltimore and Ohio 
Building. I had not seen him for fifteen months and 
was glad to renew acquaintance until — he said : 

"By the way, is the Railroad still publishing the 

A Baltimore and Ohio man of many years' service, 
working each day in the Baltimore and Ohio Building — 
and not knowing that the Magazine is being published ! 

There is something rotten in the state of well, I 

will let you complete the sentence, and I could not feel 
much worse if you used "the Editor" to do it. 

A Secretary of Aeronautics 

Why not a Secretary of Aeronautics in the Cabinet at 
Washington ? The United States produced the first suc- 
cessful flying machine, but largely because the new science 
and industry was given such poor support by the Gov- 
ernment, we were compelled to work at extravagant 
speed and expense during our participation in the War 
to provide our forces with flying craft. Even then 
reports indicate that we failed rather dismally in manu- 
facturing satisfactory machines. 

The men now in the air service are almost a unit in 
asking for a separate cabinet department for aero- 
nautics, controlled by neither the Army nor the Navy. 
They tell of the important commercial aspect of the 
business of flying; the fact that flying machines are 
demonstrating their dependability for certain kinds of 
transportation; for scouting purposes in the prevention 
of forest fires; in the fishing industry in locating schools 
of fish ; as substantial aids in making better maps of our 
coast line, etc. 

All of these uses, practicable and valuable in them- 
selves, are, however, subsidiary to the supreme purpose 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


of putting our aircraft manufacturing industry in such 
shape as to insure our competing with other countries 
on a parity or better in case of war. • 

Nothing developed during the World War faster than 
the science of aeronautics — except, perhaps, chemical 
warfare. And the future increasing possibilities of the 
aeroplane in war are so tremendous that nothing should 
be left undone in this country to insure our being per- 
fectly prepared in this branch of the service. 

Leading unbiased opinion is that our aircraft industry 
can be stimulated by the leadership of a separate cabinet 
department devoted to its development; that it is not 
wise to make aeronautics an adjunct of either the Army 
or the Navy; that in warfare the aid which aeronautics 
can give to both Army and the Navy can be best utilized 
if aeronautics is made an independent department. 

Official jealousy and narrow-visioned bureaucracy 
have impeded the progress of many worth-while reforms. 
We hope our country is alive to the importance of the 
development of our aircraft industry and that such 
obstacles as these will not be permitted to stand in its way. 

Intensive Salesmanship 

On the little way train which runs from Yarmouth to 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, on the north coast of the penin- 
sula — and there is only one train a day — I sat behind a 
traveling salesman. He was evidently vending milking 
machines, for as I glanced over his shoulder I saw an 
important-looking document with this full page title: 
"The Construction of the Udder Pulsator." 

If gentle, old brown Betsy, quietly chewing her cud in 
the green, grazing meadow, knew that scientific dairying 
had produced this masterpiece, how she would begin to 
look up in the world ! 

How Do You Like the "New" Magazine? 

To most of our readers the changes in the size and 
style of the Magazine shown in this issue will be a sur- 
prise, and, we hopte, a pleasant one. 

These changes have been made in the belief that they 
will make the Magazine more readable. Certainly the 
. new size has the advantage of being able to be folded once 
ctnd placed in the pocket, much more conveniently than 
the former smaller size with its larger number of pages. 

The Editor will be glad to hear how our readers like 
these changes, not with the idea of publishing any com- 
ments in the Magazine, but simply for information 

Let No Man Forget! 

The very idea of the power and the right of the people 
to establish government presupposes the duty of every 
individual to obey the established government. All obstruc- 
tions to the execution of the laws, all combinations and 
associations, under whatever plausible character, with the 
real design to direct, control, counteract or awe the regular 
deliberation and action of the constituted authorities, are 
destructive of this fundamental principle, and of fatal ten- 
dency. They serve to organize faction, to give it an arti- 
ficial and extraordinary force; to put, in the place of the 
delegated will of the nation, the will of a party, often a 
small but art fid and enterprising minority of the commu- 
nity. . . However combinations or associations of the 
above description may now and then answer popular ends, 
they are likely, in the course of time and things, to become 
potent engines, by which cunning, ambitious and unprin- 
cipled men will be enabled to subvert the power of the people 
and to usurp for themselves the reins of government, 
destroying afterward the very engines which have lifted 
them to unjust dominion. — From Washington's Farewell 

Kipling at Princeton 

In the usual compilation of senior statistics the Prince- 
ton class of 1920 has selected its favorites. The Prince- 
tonian of 20 years ago who scans the list to see how the 
gods of his day have fared, notices one striking fact, the 
abiding popularity of Rudyard Kipling. Brown eyes 
give place to blue, Norma Talmadge has succeeded 
Maude Adams, the one time idol of the under- 
graduate world, but Kipling remains unchallenged. He 
was the favorite poet of 1900 and is still the favorite of 
1920 with "If" as his best liked poem. Time has oblit- 
erated old land marks, a new generation has sought new 
favorites, but the author of "Danny Deever," "Kim" 
and "Mandalay" has the same human appeal today that 
he had 20 years ago. 

By Their Fruits Ye Shall Know Them 

I followed Brakeman Genn off the steps of train No. 
64 at Mount Royal Station one morning during April. 
Turning down the platform toward the gate I saw that 
he had made the intervening distance of 50 feet in the 
proverbial hop, skip \nd jump and was already on his 
way back to the car step, carrying a big, heavy suitcase. 
Behind him trailed a woman passenger of ample avoir- 
dupois, radiating a smile which showed her pleasure over 
the courtesy shown. 

No; Brakeman Genn did not know the woman. It 
is a good habit he has and he works at it consistently 
and well. 

How Nature Teaches 

J. M. Byrne, our Railroad Gardener, who live** at 
Relay, Md., has prepared a most interesting article on 
the history of Relay, particularly in connection with 
the development of our Railroad. We hope to have this 
in the Magazine at an early date. 

Mr. Byrne is a veritable nestor of wisdom in the 
pleasing and fruitful practice of horticulture. He knows 
gardens, shrubbery and trees as do few men, and much 
of his learning is from painstaking atfd long continued 
personal observation. He told me a little story the 
other day which suggested the title for this paragraph : 

"A good deal of our work is in making our station 
properties look attractive by the planting and cultivation 
of hedges. Several years ago we got a new variety and 
expert opinions differed radically as to the number of 
times a year these should be trimmed to get the best 
results. One of the hedges of this variety happened to 
be along a solid board fence, on the other side of which 
cows were out in pasture. They took a liking to the 
hedge and in that particular spot kept it trimmed down 
neatly all along the top to the level which they could 
reach over the fence. This hedge quickly grew to be 
stronger and much more luxurious than any hedge of the 
same variety on the System. When experts failed to 
determine how it should be cut, the cows proved it 
instinctively and conclusively." 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

The Telephone — the Faithful Servant 
of the Railroads 

By Delia M. Rain 

Telegraph Department 

The telephone is one of the strongest threads which serve as communicative links between the 
departments of the railroad. The interesting tale of the beginning and of the rapid develop- 
ment of the telephone is told in every American history, but there are many of us who have not 
followed the story of the Baltimore and Ohio telephone lines since the early history of the road^ 

Our American telephone lines have been severely criticized — by Americans. But those who 
have seen service in foreign countries and who have had any dealings with telephones in other 
sections of the world can appreciate that the highest development of the telephone service is in 
our own land and at the command of everybody. The war was a big factor in retarding the 
growth of the telephone, a hindrance to both public and private exchanges, a delay to constructive 
changes; the technical phases of installation and of poeration suffered; progress was at a 
standstill. Now, however, we may expect great advancement through science and an accom- 
panying improvement in service. The cooperation of the public must be met through the counter 
responsibility of the operators; the result will be a mutual satisfaction and appreciation. 

IN 1899 a Private Branch Exchange was 
installed in our main office building, 
Baltimore and Calvert Streets, Balti- 
more, Md. The telephone facilities con- 
sisted of a single position board located in 
the annex of the office building which was 
situated over the shop of the "Five Little 
Tailors" adjacent to the Baltimore and 
Ohio Building. 

In 1902 our telephone service had in- 
creased to such an extent that a two-position 

board was installed. This was used until 
the Baltimore and Ohio Building was de- 
stroyed in the disastrous fire which occurred 
in 1904. It was then necessary to arrange 
quickly for temporary Private Branch 
Exchange service, which was installed in the 
private office of the Superintendent of Tele- 
graph, then located on the second floor of 
Camden Station, it being convenient to our 
lines extending to Locust Point, Mt. Clare, 
Riverside, Curtis Bay and Carrolls. A tem- 

porary cable was dropped from the window 
and connected to the terminal located in the 
cellar of Camden Station. Trunks were 
arranged over Baltimore and Ohio private 
lines to Mt. Clare, thence by C. & P. circuits 
into the Gilmor Exchange, the St. Paul 
exchange having been destroyed by the fire. 
This exchange was utilized until other quar- 
ters could be obtained, when it was installed 
in a room on the second floor of Camden 
Station. This was used until after the erec- 
tion of the new Baltimore and Ohio Building 
at Baltimore and Charles Streets, as the 
General Manager and other officials con- 
tinued their offices at Camden Station until 
the completion of the new building. 

The new exchange was installed in the 
Baltimore and Ohio Builidng in 1906 and 
contained at that time six positions, each 
position being operated during the day. At 
night only one operator was employed. 
Later it was found necessary to enlarge the 
exchange on account of the increased num- 
ber of telephones, and on November 17, 
191 7, there was placed in service in the 
Baltimore and Ohio Building a new Private 
Branch Exchange consisting of ten regular 
and two toll positions. This was a "rush" 
installation, due to war emergencies, and is 
especially arranged for railroad service. 
The switchboard is the largest Private 
Branch Exchange in the State of Maryland. 

Left to right: Misses Bessie Sprinkle, Kathlyne Cavanaugh, Victoria Sibiston, Mary Ripple, Viola West, Anm Culberstoa, Gladys Rinter, Elnora Dtana 

Elizabeth Harre, Madelaine Gary 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


There are at present 609 stations connected 
with the exchange, 535 being located in the 
Baltimore and Ohio Building, and the bal- 
ance at outlying points such as Camden 
Station, Mt. Clare, Locust Point, Curtis 
Bay, Canton, etc. 

The Size of the Job 

Fifty-eight trunk lines afford communica- 
tion with the public, over which approxi- 
mately 660,000 calls per annum are made. 
All of these trunk lines are equipped with 
visual signals so that the operator at any 
position on the board can tell whether any 
of the trunk lines are busy. One hundred 
and eighty conversations can be held at the 
same time, and, including intercommuni- 
cating calls within the exchange, an average 
of 10,000 are made per day. It can be 
readily understood that in handling this 
large volume of business, in order to give 
prompt service, it is very important to have 
the cooperation of all persons. We should 
all "Call by number invariably." This will 
give more prompt and efficient service than 
when calls are made by name, because of 
the fact that while an operator may be 
familiar with a certain position of the switch- 
board, on account of sickness, vacation, 
reduced force, etc., it is frequently neces- 
sary for them to w-ork in other positions. 

And the Expense 

We also wish to call attention to the large 
number of outgoing calls to the public from 
our Private Branch Exchange. It should 
be understood that the Railroad is charged 
for each call, this particular service now 
costing a considerable amount per month. 
Not only is each call charged for, but after 
the conversation is held for a duration of 
over five minutes another call is assessed, 
so that a prolonged conversation may cost 
considerably more than the charge for one 

We have tie lines connected with the 
Pennsylvania Railroad, Western Maryland 
Railroad, Camden Station, Riverside and 
Mt. Clare Exchanges, which give us direct 
service with these points. 

We also have composite trunk lines which 
connect through Baltimore Private Branch 
Exchange with similar exchanges at Wash- 
ington, Philadelphia, Cumberland and 
Brunswick, each trunk line consisting of two 
copper wires which afford two Morse tele- 
graph circuits and one metallic telephone 
circuit (or three circuits over two wires). 
This is accomplished by bridging condensers 
across the two Morse telegraph wires, 
■through which the alternating current, used 
in the operation of the telephone circuit, can 
pass, but the direct current used in the 
operation of the telegraph circuits cannot 
pass. Thus the two Morse circuits are 
prevented from becoming crossed with each 
other by the bridge. 

We are able to talk from any station 
within our Private Branch Exchange at 
Philadelphia over our trunk line from Phila- 

She straightens out our telephone tangles — 
Miss Ethel Binau, manager of Exchange 

delphia to Baltimore, over a second trunk 
line from Baltimore to Cumberland, and a 
third line extending from Cumberland to 
Keyser, a total distance of 295 miles. At 
the same time we are talking over this pair 
of wires between Philadelphia and Keyser, 
we use the same two wires as Morse circuits 
to Cumberland. 

The number of toll calls made over our 
trunk line between Baltimore and Cumber- 
land, at the same rate charged by the Tele- 
phone Company, would amount to approxi- 
mately $15,000 per annum. You will see 
from this that it is necessary to reduce the 
conversations over our trunk lines to a 
minimum, thus making the lines available 
for others and avoid routing the excess 
calls over the Telephone Company's lines 
at regular rates. Our bills from the Tele- 
phone Company for long distance tolls ag- 
gregate a considerable amount per annum; 
therefore we would respectfully ask our 
patrons to be brief in using the telephone. 
Kindly bear this in mind. 

Make your conversation as concise as pos- 
sible; this is especially important when using 
the Railroad Company's trunk lines to other 
cities, as the applications to use these lines 
are heavy, it not being unusual to have 
fifteen on the waiting list. We have had 
frequent cases where a party connected over 
one of our busy lines would ask the party 
called to look up some information or locate 
another party. This results in the line 
being held from ten to fifteen minutes, dur- 
ing which time many others are complaining 
to the operator because they want the line 
for vitally important business. Also bear 
in mind that when your telephone is tied up 
there is often some one being delayed who 
wants you. 

A very important part of a telephone con- 
versation is the tone of voice used; speak to 
the person to whom you telephone as though 
you were talking to him face to face; answer 
your telephone promptly; advise the Mana- 
ger as to changes in department or office 
personnel. When it is necessary to recall 

the operator, do so by moving the receiver 
hook up and down very slowly, for the quick 
jerky movement of the hook does not 
properly signal the operator. 

To sum up, let us say that our telephone 
service is a big door, larger than any of the 
entrances to our offices; consider, just for 
a moment, the result if all telephone con- 
versations were held by visits to our offices. 

We believe these suggestions will be 
found helpful, for it can readily be seen that 
with the number of calls handled, not only 
at Baltimore but at other points where we 
have Private Branch Exchange service, our 
operators arc indeed very busy. It is our 
desire to render the very best service. 
We can only do our part — and will do it 
cheerfully — if you will do yours. 

John H. Milburn, Office 
Engineer, Honored 

JOHN H. MILBURN, office engineer con- 
nected with our Engineering Department 
for 21 years, has been appointed by Mr. 
H. R. Safford, President of the American 
Railway Engineering Association, as a 
representative of that Association on the 
Advisory Council to the United States 
Board of Surveys and Maps. 

This Advisory Council will be composed 
of one representative from all the major 
Engineering Associations, and will function 
in behalf of the public with the newly 
created Board of Surveys and Maps of the 
F- deral Government, by Executive Order 
dated December 30, 19 19. 

The Board is composed of representative s 
from the following Agencies and Executive 
Departments of the Government, to co-or- 
dinate and standardize all surveying and 
mapping activities of the Federal Govern- 
ment and to harmonize these with similar 
non-Federal activities in the interest of 
efficiency and economy: 

Corps of Engineers, U. S. Armyt U. S. 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, Department of 
Commerce; U. S. Geological Survey, De- 
partment of Interior; General Land Office, 
Department of Interior; Topography 
Branch, Post Office Department : Bureau of 
Soils, Department' of Agriculture; U. S. 
Reclamation Service, Department of In- 
terior; Bureau of Ptft£c Roads, Department 
of Agriculture; Bureau of Indian Affairs, 
Department of Interior; Mississippi River 
Commission, War Department; U. S. Lake 
Survey, War Department; International 
(Canadian) Boundary Commission, Depart- 
ment of State; Forest Service, Department 
of Agriculture; U. S. Hydrographic Office, 
Navy Department. 

Mr. Milburn will represent all railroads, 
not only of this country but of Canada and 
foreign countries, through the American 
Railway Engineering Association. 

^ • 

Unload a car promptly, 
Send it on its way, 

Then we'll save a car 
Each and every day. 


Extracts, Esch— Cummins Bill* 

Title III— Disputes Between Carriers and Their Employes 

and Subordinate Officials 

Section 300. When used in this title — 

(1) The term "carrier" includes any- 
express company, sleeping car company, 
and any carrier by railroad, subject to the 
Interstate Commerce Act, except a street, 
interurban, or suburban electric railway not 
operating as a part of a general steam rail- 
road system of transportation; 

(2) The term "Adjustment Board" 
means any Railroad Board of Labor Adjust- 
ment established under Section 302; 

(3) The term "Labor Board" means the 
Railroad Labor Board; 

(4) The term "commerce" means com- 
merce among the several States or between 
any State, Territory, or the District of 
Columbia and any foreign nation, or 
between any Territory or the District of 
Columbia and any Sta-te, or between any 
Territory and any other Territory, or 
between any Territory and the District of 
Columbia, or within any Territory or the 
District of Columbia, or between points in 
the same State but through any other State 
or any Territory or the District of Columbia 
or any foreign nation; and 

(5) The term "subordinate official" in- 
cludes officials of carriers of such class or 
rank as the Commission shall designate by 
regulation formulated and issued after such 
notice and hearing as the Commission may 
prescribe, to the carriers, and employes and 
subordinate officials of carriers, and organi- 
zations thereof, directly to be affected by 
such regulations. 

Section 301. It shall be the duty of all 
carriers and their officers, employes and 
agents to exert every reasonable effort and 
adopt every available means to avoid any 
interruption to the operation of any carrier 
growing out of any dispute between the 
carrier and the employes or subordinate 
officials thereof. All such disputes shall be 
considered and, if possible, decided in con- 
ference between representatives designated 
and authorized so to confer by the carriers, 
or the employes or subordinate officials 
thereof, directly interested in the dispute. 
If any dispute is not decided in such con- 
ference, it shall be referred by the parties 
thereto to the board which under the pro- 
visions of this title is authorized to hear and 
decide such dispute. 

Section 302. Railroad Boards of Labor 
Adjustment may be established by agree- 
ment between any carrier, group of carriers, 
or the carriers as a whole, and any em- 
ployes or subordinate officials of carriers, or 
organization or group of organizations 

•See Page 4, Article by President Willarcl. 

Section 303. Each such Adjustment 
Board shall, (1) upon the application of the 
chief executive of any carrier or organiza- 
tion of employes or subordinate officials 
whose members are directly interested in the 
dispute, (2) upon the written petition signed 
by not less than 100 unorganized employes 
or subordinate officials directly interested 
in the dispute, (3) upon the Adjustment 
Board's own motion, or (4) upon the re- 
quest of the Labor Board whenever such 
board is of the opinion that the dispute is 
likely substantially to interrupt commerce, 
receive for hearing, and as soon as practi- 
cable and with due diligence decide, any 
dispute involving only grievances, rules, or 
working conditions, not decided as pro- 
vided in Section 301, between the carrier 
and its employes or subordinate officials, 
who are, or any organization thereof which 
is, in accordance with the provisions of 
Section 302, represented upon any such 
Adjustment Board. 

Section 304. There is hereby estab- 
lished a board to be known as the " Railroad 
Labor Board" and to be composed of nine 
members as follows: 

r (1) Three members constituting the 
labor group, representing the employes and 
subordinate officials of the carriers, to be 
appointed by the President, by and with the 
advice and consent of the Senate, from not 
less than six nominees whose nominations 
shall be made and offered by such employes 
in such manner as the Commission shall by 
regulation prescribe; 

(2) Three members, constituting the 
management group, representing the car- 
riers, to be appointed by the President, by 
and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate, from not less than six nominees 
whose nominations shall be made and offered 
by the carriers in such manner as the Com- 
mission shall by regulation prescribe; and 

(3) Three members, constituting the pub- 
lic group, representing the public, to be 
appointed directly by the President, by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate. 

Any vacancy on the Labor Board shall be 
filled in the same manner as the original 

Section 305. If either the employes or 
the carriers fail to make nominations and 
offer nominees in accordance with the regu- 
lations of the Commission, as provided in 
paragraphs (1) and (2) of Section 304, 
within thirty days after the' passage of this 
Act in case of any original appointment to 
the office of member of the Labor Board, or 
in case of a vacancy in any such office within 
fifteen days after such vacancy occurs, the 

President shall thereupon directly make the 
appointment, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate. In making any such 
appointment the President shall, as far as 
he deems it practicable, select an individual 
associated in interest with the carriers or 
employes thereof, whichever he is to 

Section 306. (a) Any member of the 
Labor Board who during his term of office 
is an active member or in the employ of or 
holds any office in any organization of em- 
ployes or subordinate officials, or any car- 
rier, or owns any stock or bond thereof, or 
is pecuniarily interested therein, shall at 
once become ineligible for further member- 
ship upon the Labor Board; but no such 
member is required to relinquish honorary 
membership in, or his rights in any insurance 
or pension or other benefit fund maintained 
by, anyorganization of employes or subor- 
dinate officials or by a carrier. 

(b) Of the original members of the Labor 
Board, one from each group shall be ap- 
pointed for a term of three years, one for two 
years, and one for one year. Their suc- 
cessors shall hold office for terms of five 
years, except that any member appointed 
to fill a vacancy shall be appointed only for 
the unexpired term of the member whom he 
succeeds. Each member shall receive from 
the United States an annual salary of 
$10,000. A member may be removed by 
the President for neglect of duty or mal- 
feasance in office, but for no other cause. 

Section 307. (a) The Labor Board shall 
hear, and as soon as practicable and with 
due diligence decide, any dispute involving 
grievances, rules, or working conditions, in 
respect to which any Adjustment Board 
certifies to the Labor Board that in its 
opinion the Adjustment Board has failed or 
will fail to reach a decision within a reason- 
able time, or in respect to which the Labor 
Board determines that any Adjustment 
Board has so failed or is not using due dili- 
gence in its consideration thereof. In case 
the appropriate Adjustment Board is not 
organized under the provisions of Section 
302, the Labor Board, (1) upon the appli- 
cation of the chief executive of any carrier 
or organization of employes or subordinate 
officials whose members are directly inter- 
ested in the dispute, (2) upon a written 
petition signed by not less than 100 unor- 
ganized employes or subordinate officials 
directly interested in the dispute, or (3 1 
upon the Labor Board's own motion if it is 
of the opinion that the dispute is likely sub- 
stantially to interrupt commerce, shall re- 
ceive fcr hearing, and as soon as practicable 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


and with due diligence decide, any dispute 
involving grievances, rules, or working con- 
ditions which is not decided as provided in 
Section 301 and which such Adjustment 
Board would be required to receive for 
hearing and decision under the provisions 
of Section 303. 

(b) The Labor Board, (1) upon the appli- 
cation of the chief executive of any carrier 
or organization of employes or subordinate 
officials whose members are directly inter- 
ested in the dispute, (2) upon a written 
petition signed by not less than 100 unor- 
ganized employes or subordinate officials 
directly interested in the dispute, or (3) 
upon the Labor Board's own motion if it is 
of the opinion that the dispute is likely sub- 
stantially to interrupt commerce, shall re- 
ceive for hearing, and as soon as practicable 
and with due diligence decide, all disputes 
with respect to the wages or salaries of em" 
ploycs or subordinate officials of carriers, 
not decided as provided in Section 301. 
The Labor Board may upon its own motion 
within ten days after the decision, in accord- 
ance with the provisions of Section 301, 
of any dispute with respect to wages or 
salaries of employes or subordinate officials 
of carriers, suspend the operation of such 
decision if the Labor Board is of the opinion 
that the decision involves such an increase 
in wages or salaries as will be likely to neces- 
sitate a substantial readjustment of the 
rates of any carrier. The Labor Board shall 
hear any decision so suspended and as soon 
as practicable and with due diligence decide 
to affirm or modify such suspended decision. 

(f ) A decision by the Labor Board under 
the provisions of paragraphs (a) or (b) of 
this section shall require the concurrence 
therein of at least 5 of the 9 members of the 
Labor Board: Provided, That in case of any 
decision under paragraph (h), at least one 
of the representatives of the public shall 
concur in such decision. All decisions of 
the Labor Board shall be entered upon the 
records of the board and copies thereof, 
together with such statement of facts bear- 
ing thereon as the board may deem proper, 
shall be immediately communicated to the 
parties to the dispute, the President, each 
Adjustment Board, and the Commission, 
and shall be given further publicity in such 
manner as the Labor Board may determine. 

(d) All the decisions of the Labor Board 
in respect to wages or salaries and of the 
Labor Board or an Adjustment Board in 
respect to working conditions of employes 
or subordinate officials of carriers shall 
establish rates of wages and salaries and 
standards of working conditions which in 
the opinion of the board are just and reason- 
able. In determining the justness and 
reasonableness of such wages and salaries 
or working conditions the board shall, so far 
as applicable, take into consideration among 
other relevant circumstances: 

(1) The scales of wages paid for similar 
kinds of work in other industries; 

(2) The relation between wages and the 
cost of living; 

(3) The hazards of the employment; 

(4) The training and skill required; 

(5) The degree of responsibility; 

(6) The character and regularity of the 
employment; and 

(7) Inequalities of increases in wages or 
of treatment, the result of previous wage 
orders or adjustments. 

Section 308. The Labor Board — 

(1) Shall elect a chairman by majority 
vote of its members; 

(2) Shall maintain central offices in 
Chicago, Illinois, but the Labor Board may, 
whenever it deems it necessary, meet at 
such other place as it may determine; 

(3) Shall investigate and study the rela- 
tions between carriers and their employes, 
particularly questions relating to wages, 
hours of labor, and other conditions of em- 
ployment and the respective privileges, 
rights, and duties of carriers and employes, 
and shall gather, compile, classify, digest, 
and publish, from time to time, data and 
information relating to such questions to 
the end that the Labor Board may be prop- 
erly equipped to perform its duties under 
this title and that the members of the Ad- 
justment Boards and the public may be 
properly informed; 

(4) May make regulations necessary for 
the efficient execution of the functions 
vested in it by this title; and 

(5) Shall at least annually collect and 
publish the decisions and regulations of the 
Labor Board and the Adjustment Boards 
and all court and administrative decisions 
and regulations of the Commission in re- 
spect to this title, together with a cumula- 
tive index-digest thereof. 

Section 309. Any party to any dispute 
to be considered by an Adjustment Board 
or by the Labor Board shall be entitled to a 
hearing cither in person or by counsel. 

Section 310. (a) For the efficient ad- 
ministration of the functions vested in the 
Labor Board by this title, any member 
thereof may require, by subpoena issued and 
signed by himself, the attendance of any 
witness and the production of any book, 
paper, document, or other evidence from 
any place in the United States at any desig- 
nated place of hearing, and the taking of a 
deposition before any designated person 
having power to administer oaths. In the 
case of a deposition the testimony shall be 
reduced to writing by the person taking the 
deposition or under his direction, and shall 
then be subscribed to by the deponent. 
Any member of the Labor Board may 
administer oaths and examine any witness. 
Any witness summoned before the board 
and any witness whose deposition is taken 
shall be paid the same fees and mileage as 
are paid witnesses in the courts of t he- 
United States. 

(b) In case of failure to comply with any 
subpoena or in case of the contumacy of any 
witness appearing before the Labor Board, 
the board may invoke the aid of any United 
States district court. Such court may there- 
upon order the witness to comply with the 

requirements of such subpoena, or to give 
evidence touching the matter in question, 
as the case may be. Any failure to obey 
such order may be punished by such court 
as a contempt thereof. 

(c) No person shall be excused from so 
attending and testifying or deposing, nor 
from so producing any book, paper, docu- 
ment, or other evidence on the ground that 
the testimony or evidence, documentary or 
otherwise, required of him may tend to 
incriminate him or subject him to a penalty 
or forfeiture; but no natural person shall be 
prosecuted or subjected to any penalty or 
forfeiture fororon accountof any transaction, 
matter, or thing, as to which in obedience to 
a subpoena and under oath, he may so 
testify or produce evidence, documentary 
or otherwise. But no person shall be 
exempt from prosecution and punishment 
for perjury committed in so testifying. 

Section 311. (a) When necessary to the 
efficient administration of the functions 
vested in the Labor Board by this title, any 
member, officer, employe, or agent thereof, 
duly authorized in writing by the board, 
shall at all reasonable times for the purpose 
of examination have access to and the right 
to copy any book, account, record, paper, 
or correspondence relating to any matter 
which the board is authorized to consider or 
investigate. Any person who upon de- 
mand refuses any duly authorized member, 
officer, employe, or agent of the Labor Board 
such right of access or copying, or hinders, 
•s&structs, or resists him in the exercise of 
such right, shall upon conviction thereof be 
liable to a penalty of $500 for each such 
offense. Each day during any part of 
which such offense continues shall consti- 
tute a separate offense. Such penalty shall 
be recoverable in a civil suit brought in the 
name of the United States, and shall be 
covered into the Treasury of the United 
States as miscellaneous receipts. 

(b) Every officer or employe of the$Jnited 
States, whenever requested by any member 
of the Labor Board or an Adjustment Board 
duly authorized by the board for the pur- 
pose, shall supply to such board any data or 
information pertaining to the administra- 
tion of the functions vested in it by this 
title, which may be contained in the records 
of his office. 

(c) The President is authorized to trans- 
fer to the Labor Board any books, papers, 
or documents pertaining to the adminis- 
tration of the functions vested in the board 
by this title, which are in the possession of 
any agency, or railway board of adjustment 
in connection therewith, established for 
executing the powers granted the President 
under the Federal Control Act and which 
are no longer necessary to the administra- 
tion of the affairs of such agency. 

Section 312. Prior to September 1, 
1920, each carrier shall pay to each employe 
or subordinate official thereof wages or 
salary at a rate not less than that fixed by 
the decision of any agency, or railway board 
of adjustment in connection therewith. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

established for executing the powers granted 
the President under the Federal Control 
Act, in effect in respect to such employe or 
subordinate official immediately preceding 
12. 01 a. m. March i, 1920. Any carrier, 
acting in violation of any provision of this 
section shall upon conviction thereof be 
liable to a penalty of $100 for each offense. 
Each such action with respect to any such 
employe or subordinate official and each 
day or portion thereof during which the 
offense continues shall constitute a separate 
offense. Such penalty shall be recoverable 
in a civil suit brought in the name of the 
United States, and shall be covered into the 
Treasury of the United States as miscella- 
neous receipts. 

Section 313. The Labor Board, in case 
it has reason to believe that any decision of 
the Labor Board or of an Adjustment Board 
is violated by any carrier, or employe or 
subordinate official, or organization thereof, 
may upon its own motion after due notice 
and hearing to all persons directly interested 
in such violation, determine whether in its 
opinion such violation has occurred and 
make public its decision in such manner as 
it may determine. 

Section 314. The Labor Board may (1) 
appoint a secretary, who shall receive from 
the United States an annual salary of $5,000; 
and (2) subject to the provisions of the civil - 
service laws, appoint and remove such 
officers, employes, and agents; and make 
such expenditures for rent, printing, tele- 
grams, telephone, law books, books of refer- 
ence, periodicals, furniture, stationery, office 
equipment, and other supplies and expenses, 
including salaries, traveling expenses of its 
members, secretary, officers, employes, and 
agents, and witness fees, as are necessary 
for the efficient execution of the functions 
vested in the board by this title and as may 
be provided for by Congress from time to 
time. All of the expenditures of the Labor 
Board shall be allowed and paid upon the 
presentation of itemized vouchers therefor 
approved by the chairman of the Labor 

Section 315. There is hereby appro- 
priated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 
1 920, out of any money in the Treasury not 
otherwise appropriated, the sum of $50,000, 
or so much thereof as may be necessary, to 
be expended by the Labor Board, for de- 
fraying the expenses of the maintenance and 
establishment of the board, including the 
payment of salaries as provided in this 

Section 316. The powers and duties of 
the Board of Mediation and Conciliation 
created by the Act approved July 15, 1913, 
shall not extend to any dispute which may 
be received for hearing and decision by any 
Adjustment Board of the Labor Board. 

Don't Delay! 
Load all Cars to Capacity! 
Load and Unload Quickly! 

For the Lover of Books 

Interesting New Blue Print 
on Common Defects on 

L. S. CUNNINGHAM, mechanical en- 
gineer, Western Lines, Cincinnati, 
recently prepared a very interesting 
diagram showing common defects on loco- 
motives which are violations of the Inter- 
state Commerce Commission laws. This 
has been blue printed under No. 38300, 
and copies of it can be had by writing A. 
G. Sandman, mechanical engineer, Mount 

Mr. Cunningham took all of the reports 
of the Interstate Commerce Commission on 
locomotive defects over a period of years, 
eliminated the duplications, and found that 
there were several hundred typical defects 
called to the attention of the Commission 
by inspectors. 

The blue print shows an outline drawing 
of the Baltimore and Ohio locomotive and 
each of these defects is pointed out by an 
arrow, at the other end of which is printed 
a caption describing the defect in question. 

This chart has been warmly commended 
by the officials of our Motive Power Depart- 
ment. Mr. Cunningham, the originator, 
seems to be the sort of fellow who is con- 
stantly on the lookout for opportunities to 
advance the interests of the Railroad, even 
though it calls for extra work on his part, 
sometimes outside of the sphere of the daily 
routine. This spirit is particularly ap- 
preciated by the writer, for Mr. Cunning- 
ham has done some very interesting and 
admirable pen and ink work for the Maga- 
zine, the cover of the March issue being 
from his pen, as is also the table of contents 
design in this number. 

Problem in "Glamour" 
Attracts Discussion 

A BOOK just published, entitled "Gla- 
mour," is attracting discussion be- 
cause of the black and white manner 
in which it handles a very human problem. 
The book is by W. B. Maxwell, the noted 
English novelist, whose "Devil's Garden" 
created an almost equal stir among literary 
critics several years ago. His present book, 
"Glamour," published by Bobbs-Merrill, 
tells the story of a man in middle life, hap- 
pily married, with every good thing that life 
can offer his own, who suddenly comes under 
the spell of the girl he had loved in his youth 
and who is for him always " the unattainable 

delight. " The glamour of things unattain- 
able which may either establish a high vision 
for a man or may lure him to his doom form 
the title and theme of the novel. Whether 
it would not have been better for Vaile to 
have married Diana in the first place rather 
than Mabel, whether Diana could really have 
done more for him had he married her than 
Mabel, a man's genuine love for his wife 
and his eternal quest after an elusive love 
whose spell is oddly genuine — these are some 
of the points involved in the book which 
make it at once grippingly interesting and 
full of food for discussion. 

The story cannot be read hurriedly or 
lightly. It is a high-powered melodrama 
which borders on tragedy in spots and is 
saved from that tragedy only by a family 
confessional and a wife's keen insight into 
the heart of her husband. The statement 
that the story "turns out all right" is being 
assailed by some critics, who declare Vaile 
should have married Diana to begin with 
and no future of his can be complete with- 
out her. Have it as you will, the novel 
"Glamour" contains a plot to grip the 
interest of all readers and a problem which 
will start those same readers into a serious 
discussion of the story. 

Lenin, the Man and His Work 

SO much of the information which we 
get from Russia is censored, changed 
and misinterpreted that it is very hard 
for one to form an honest opinion about 
conditions there. In one paper we read an 
article written by a so-called eye-witness and 
we immediately conclude that all Bolshev- 
ism and Sovietism and everybody and every- 
thing connected with them are unqualifiedly 
bad. Again we may see what purports to 
be the story of reputable witnesses who are 
not, by any means, willing to admit any 
such thing to be the case. 

In order to be fully and fairly informed on 
Bolshevism, which now seems as never 
before to be shaking the very foundations 
of government in many parts of the world, 
one should be willing to read everything he 
can on the subject, either pro or con. For 
that reason I have just finished reading the 
subject of these paragraphs. I cannot 
recommend it as the truth, except as the 
publishers state that the authors are telling 
the story as they saw it. I can recommend 
the story, however, as an interesting history 
of a man who appears to be one of the most 
remarkable characters in modern history. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Mechanic Tomlinson 

Wounded five times, and decorated with the Croix de Guerre and 
tJie Distinguished Service Cross, the subject of this story 
is a Baltimore Division Trainman and says 
there's no job like railroading. 

OF ALL the Baltimore and Ohio boys 
who saw service in France during 
the war, the most interesting we 
have met is the subject of this story. For 
Mechanic Tomlinson did more than a man's 
share of fighting, was severely wounded, and 
still speaks of his serivce in the Army as a 
wonderful experience. To put it in his own 
words — "I wouldn't take a million dollars 
for the twenty months in France." 

Tomlinson was one of the first of the 
Baltimore and Ohio trainmen to volunteer 
for the great adventure. He enlisted July 
17, 1 91 7, and was sent to Fort Slocum, 
N. Y., for his equipment. After two 
months of preliminary training in Syracuse, 
N. Y., he took ship to England with his 
division, the Second, and on October 2 
arrived at Havre, France. 

The training on the other side consisted 
of seven months work with the British 
and French armies, preliminary to the first 
engagement in which his regiment, the 
Ninth Infantry, was engaged with the 
French on March 17, in the Verdun sector. 

The Ninth Infantry, Tomlinson says, is 
the oldest American regiment in existence. 
It was the. fiist to go over the "Wall at 
Pekin" during the Boxer uprising and has 
a long and distinguished record. 

This regiment fought four engagements 
with the French before being sent in with 
other units of the Second Division to the 
Chateau Thierry sector on May 30, when we 
were celebrating Decoration Day in this 

Wounded at Vaux 

They stayed there until July 9, when, in 
the famous battle of Vaux, in the general 
engagement of Chateau Thierry, Tomlinson 
was hit in five places, three of the wounds 
being from machine gun bullets and the 
other two from shrapnel. 

He was invalided back to hospitals in 
Paris and Vichy, but returned from a 
reserve unit in time to be at the battle of 
St. Mihiel in early September. Tomlinson's 
battalion was in reserve here, although his 
regiment was engaged in the fighting. 

On October I, his regiment reached 
Rheims and fought there for nine days, 
using the headstones in a graveyard as 
makeshift protection trenches. This en- 
gagement took the regiment with the other 
units of the famous Second Division through 
the Hindcnburg line and into territory 
which had not been occupied during any 
part of the war up to that time by any 
Allied troops. 

After this battle and a period of rest for 
about two weeks, interspersed with shoit 
marches to get the division to its next 

objective, he arrived at the Argonne front 
and fought from November 1 until Novem- 
ber 11, Armistice Day. His division was 
then within striking distance of Sedan, the 
great objective of Pershing in this sector, 
and the place where the American general 
hoped to bring about a great second battle 
of Sedan, this time turning the tables on the 
Germans who, it will be remembered, con- 
quered Napoleon III and the French army 
here in 1870, closing the Franco-Prussian 
war. After its eleven days fighting in this 
sector the Second Division was relieved by 


4ft ~ 

Mechanic Raymond W. Tomlinson 

the First Division, and it was for this reason 
that the First Division shortly afterward 
were the first troops to reach the city of 

His Decorations 

Tomlinson was awarded two medals for 
extraordinary valor during his service. 
The citation for the first, given him during 
the battle of Rheims, and signed, it will be 
noted, by the great Marshal Petain, then 
Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies 
of the East, reads viz.: 

Mechanic Raymond W. Tomlinson, No. 
398965, Company H, Ninth Regiment In- 
fantry, U. S. A.: 

"On October 3, 1918, in the attack on 
Blanc-Mont, he assured the transmission of 
messages under a violent artillery and 
machine gun fire. Two of his comrades 
received bad wounds, and he gave them 
first aid, and remained with them until the 
arrival of the stretcher bearers." 

At Grand Headquarters of the General, 
February 16, 1919. 

The Marshal, 
Commander-in-Chief of the French 
Armies of the East. 


Tomlinson laughs now when he tells 
about the French ceremony at the presen- 
tation of the Croix de Guerre. It was handed 
to him by Petain in person, who planted, in 
true French custom, a kiss on both of his 
cheeks after pinning the medal on his breast. 
His Croix de Guerre carries a silver star, 
which indicates a higher rank of merit than 
this medal without anyddditional decoration. 

For his heroism in carrying messages over 
a period of nine days (on the second of 
which he was shot through the knee) under 
heavy artillery and machine gun fire, he won 
the American Distinguished Service Cross. 
His citation for this medal reads as follows: 

Raymond W. Tomlinson (Army Serial 
No. 398965), mechanic, Company H, Ninth 
Infantry, Second Division. For extraordi- 
nary heroism in action near Vaux, France, 
July 1st to 10th, 1918. During the attack on 
Vaux, Mechanic Tomlinson received a rifle 
ball wound in the right knee. Although 
suffering great pain he made no mention of 
his wound. Later, during the attack, he 
assisted in the capture of two officers and 
five men. During the nine days that his 
company continued on duty in the front 
line, Mechanic Tomlinson carried numerous 
messages to front line platoons, while ex- 
posed to heavy artillery and machine gun fire. 

In addition to these medals and citations, 
Tomlinson was again cited in General Orders 
No. 40, A. E. F., as a member of Company 
H, Ninth Infantry, for heroism during the 
battle of Bclleau Woods on the nights of 
June 6 and 7, 1918. 

Tomlinson's enlistment record gives the 
names of the engagements of the Toulon- 
Tryon sector, Verdun; the Aisne Defensive; 
Chateau Thierry; and the Champagne and 
Meusc-Argonnc Offensives. Tomlinson's 
regiment was in the line for 162 days 
altogether. When his battalion, with a nor- 
mal strength of about one thousand men, 
came out of the battle of Rheims, the four 
companies, E, F, G and H, had been so 
badly decimated that they had to be com- 
bined to make a single company. Of sixty 
officers who started with the regiment but 
nine returned to this country. Wnen the 
regiment paraded on Fifth^ Avenue, N. Y., 
after reaching the United States, there were 
but 471 men of the 3,000 who started with it. 

Only One Man in Company Not Wounded 

But one man of Company H, in which 
Tomlinson was me- hanic, was neither killed 
nor wounded, antMie, it is interesting to 
note, is a Baltimore boy, living on Falls 
Road. Tomlinson went into his first en- 
gagement and fought as a private until 
wounded in the Chateau Thierry sector. 
He was then made mechanic because it was 
impossible for him to drill. 

Tomlinson's hobby while in the Army 
was writing. He contributed frequently to 
his division newspaper and his stories of 
the reception given the American troops in 
the liberated towns of France and Belgium 
are especially graphic. 

Tomlinson came to the Baltimore and 
Ohio as a brakeman in 19 16 and is still 
working in this capacity on the West End 
of the Baltimore Division. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

All Chapters of the Veteran Employes' Associations were requested by the Editor 
of the MAGAZINE to submit the names and addresses of all their officers, so that 
these might be published for record purposes. The results of this request follow. 
Where the information given is not complete the Secretaries of the Chapters are 
requested to advise the Editor, so that corrections can be made in a future issue. 

Officers of Grand Lodge 

G. W. Sturmer, Grand President, 2830 Parkwood Avenue, Baltimore, Md. 
J. M. Garvey, Sr., Grand Vice-President, Wood Building, Elm Grove, W.Va. 
James Wardly, Grand Secretary and Treasurer, 1003 Seymour Street, 

Connellsville, Pa. 


T. A. Richardson, Fairmont, W. Va. 

F. M. Keane, Grafton, W. Va. 

J. E. Oliver, Martinsburg, W. Va. 
J. T. Price, Newark, Ohio. 
W. D. Cox, Hazelwood, Pa. 

H. A. Beaumont, Baltimore, Md. 

J. W. Kittlewell, Secretary, McMechen, W. Va. 

G. N. Orbin, 2945 Glenmore Avenue, Dormont, Pa. 

J. C. Richardson, Chief Clerk, 24th and Chestnut Streets, Philadelphia, Pa. 
J. J. Hesket, President, Brunswick, Md. 

D. W. O'Neil, Secretary, 1556 Korand Avenue, Youngstown, Ohio. 

E. E. Smith, Secretary, Chief Clerk Maintenance of Way, Garrett, Ind. 
V. J. Lucas, Secretary, South Cumberland, Md. 

C. E. Auld, Secretary, 632 North Queen Street, Martinsburg, W. Va. 

J. T. Price, Secretary, 11 West Locust Street, Newark, Ohio. 

C. R. Weir, 1533 Poplar Grove Street (Room 801 Baltimore and Ohio 

Building), Baltimore, Md. 
C. W. Cassell, 45 Lincoln Street, Grafton, W. Va. 
T. A. Richardson, Secretary, Fairmont, W. Va. 
James Wardly, Secretary, 1003 Seymour Street, Connellsville, Pa. 
P. J. Moran, President, care Superintendent Root, Parkersburg, W. Va. 

Martinsburg, W. Va., Association 

President, H. W. Fauver, engineer, serv- 
ice, 34 years; Vice-President, W. A. Burk- 
hart, pensioned conductor, service, 49 years; 
Secretary, C. E. Auld, dispatch clerk, serv- 
ice, 27 years; Treasurer, J, H. Aldridge, 
foreman machinist, service, 44 years; Rep- 
resentative to Grand Lodge, J. E. Oliver, 
foreman, Scale Shop, service, 34 years. 

Ladies' Auxiliary: Past President, Mrs. 
J. H. Copcnhaver; President, Mrs. W. A. 
Burkhar,t; Vice-President, Mrs. J. E. Oliver; 
Recording Secretary, Mrs. G. H. Keedy; 
Financial Secretary, Mrs. M. Furr; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. Anna Burkhart; Chaplain, Mrs. 
F. McBee; Sergeant-at-arms, Mrs. R. F. 

Cumberland Division Association 

President, Harry Allison; Secretary, V. J. 

Pittsburgh Division Association 

President, W. C. Cox, locomotive engi- 
neer, service 55 years; Vice-President, 
James A. Shuck, carpenter, service 45 years; 
Treasurer, William Dewalt, car foreman, 
service 35 years; Secretary, G. N. Orbin, 
locomotive engineer, service 40 years. 

Newark Division Association 

President, D. H. Moriarty, service, 40 
years; Vice-President, F. S. Mahurd, serv- 
ice, 22 years; Secretary, J. S. Price, service, 
38 years; Treasurer, E. E. E. Moore, service, 

39 years; Executive Committee: J. H. 
Doyle, service, 46 years; S. W. Higgs, serv- 
ice, 54 years; A. B. Wheeler, service, 36 
years; D. H. Murphy, service, 25 years; 
J. A. Johns, service, 26 years. 

Connellsville Division Association 

President, P. J. Harrigan, Connellsville, 
Pa.; Secterary, John Layton, Connellsville, 

Brunswick Division Association 

President, W. Ray Smith; Secretary, 
W. C. Compton. 

Monongah Division Association 

President, J. F. Shafferman; Vice-Presi- 
dent, C. D. Summers; Secretary, J. H. 
Downey; Treasurer, J. D. Hecker. 

Fairmont, W. Va., Association 

President, J. B. Kimmel; secretary, 
C. W. Cassell. 

Ohio River Division Association 

President, J. M. Guinn; Vice-President, 
Patrick A. Dennison; Secretary and Treasu- 
rer, J. B. Scullin; Executive Committee: 
E. E. Cole; J. H. Wade; F. P. Coe; E. F. 
Augustine; William Hall. 

Chicago Division Association 

President, J. M. Trimble, train dis- 
patcher, service, 31 years; Vice-President, 
Clifford H. Martin, passenger engineman, 
service, 36 years; Treasurer, William A. 
Clifford, agent at Garrett, Ind., service, 31 
years; Secretary, E. E. Smith, chief clerk to 
Division Engineer, service, 29 years. 

Wheeling Division Association 

President, T. M. Whalen, McMechen, 
W. Va.; Secretary, J. W. Kettlewcll, 
McMechen, W. Va. 

Philadelphia Division Association 

President, J. C. Richardson, chief clerk, 
Philadelphia; Vice-President, E. B. Ritten- 
house, freight agent, Wilmington; Secretary, 
J. M. Graeves, agent, Pier 40, Philadelphia; 
Treasurer, F. H. Gray, station baggage- 
master, 24th and Chestnut Streets, Phila- 
delphia. Executive Committee: the four 
above named officers and the following 
elected members: Rush Gramm, engineer; 
S. L. Curry, train baggageman; J. W. Ault, 
train baggageman; W. N. Brown, Freight 
Department; I. E. Kelly, foreman water 

Cleveland Division Association 

President, W. D. Reed, yardmaster, 
De Forest, Ohio; Vice-President, Paul 
Didier, principal assistant engineer, Pitts- 
burgh; Secretary, D. W. O'Neil, district 
supervisor of transportation, Youngstown, 
Ohio; Treasurer, P. Colligan, agent, Alle- 
gheny City, Pa. Executive Committee 
James Aiken, agent, Youngstown, Ohio; M. 
Dempsey, conductor, Youngstown, Ohio; 
J. Houston, terminal trainmaster, Paines- 
ville, Ohio. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Baltimore Chapter 

By C. R. Weir 

'T'HE regular meeting of the Baltimore 
Division Veteran Employes' Associa- 
tion was held March i in Jr. O. U.A.M. Hall. 
The attendance was unusually large. Be- 
fore engaging in the regular business, the 
assembly stood for one-half minute in 
respect to the memory of Brothers Sinnott, 
Wholey, Hooper, Morrow and Shea. 

The leading feature of the occassion was 
two-fold, first, the presentation of prizes for 
the largest number of new members secured 
by the Veterans and by the Ladies' Aux- 
iliary, respectively ; secondly, a supper to the 
Veterans, given by the Ladies' Auxiliary. 

The business of the Association was has- 
tily handled so as to allow plenty of time for 
entertainment and supper. 

Previous to the presentation of prizes, 
President Bowers introduced President 
Fauver, of the Martinsburg Veterans' Asso- 
ciation, who, in a much appreciated talk, 
explained the causes that brought friendly 
and social success to his Chapter. President 
Bowers then presented to retiring Secretary 
Shaw, in behalf of the Association in appre- 
ciation of his five years' service, a handsome 
gold watch chain, which Brother Shaw ac- 
cepted with sincere thanks. Brother Riley 
presented to Brother Harrigan $10.00 cash as 
prize for selling largest number of entertain- 
ment tickets. Past President Covell pre- 
sented to Past President Galloway a gold 
emblem ring for secuing the largest number 
of new applicants. Owing to the illness of 
Brother Galloway, Mrs. Galloway accepted 
with appreciation this handsome award. 
Grand President Stunner presented to 
Brother Hobbs an emblem button for the 
next largest number of new applicants. 
Mrs. Pennell received an emblem button, 
presented by Past President Pennell, as 
prize to the lady of the Auxiliary securing 
the largest number of Veteran applications. 

Now for the feast ! The dining room was 
decorated with bunting, American flags, 
palms and ferns, with festooning of red, 
white and blue crepe paper. President Mrs. 
C. H. Chipley had general supervision, Mrs. 
C. R. Weir had charge of the dining room 
with a creditable corps of assistants. Mrs. 
G. A. Bowers had charge of the guest table. 
The supper consisted of oysters, salads, 
pickles, rolls and coffee, followed by cigars. 

The visitors were: President H. W. Fau- 
ver, Vice-President W. A. Burkhart, Secre- 
tary C. E. Auld, and Brothers C. P. Martin, 
Harvey Peer, Thomas Rockwell, John 
Young, J. W. Gantt, A. J. Criswell, and 
ladies, all from Martinsburg. 

Pittsburgh Chapter 

By C. A. Richardson 
Chairman, Executive Committee 
A BOUT 200 Veterans attended a meeting 
of the Veteran Employes' Association 
of the Pittsburgh Division in Odd Fellows 
Temple on Monday evening, April 12. 

Among the out of town notables present 
were Robert M. Sheats, P. Harrington, 
James Wardly, Dennis Lowncy and An- 
thony King. The following program was 
very enjoyable: A solo by Mr. Friel; a duet 
by the Dunmire Brothers; a solo by Mr. 
Flriek; a solo by Mr. Dunmire, with piano 
accompaniment by Mrs. Neilson. Their 
efforts to entertain us were much appre- 
ciated, and we hope to have them with us 

Our President, William C. Cox, announ- 
ced in a feeling manner the death of one of 
our members, Mr. Plant, who had been ill 
for nearly two years. 

Some of the old Veterans spoke of rail- 
roading as practiced some forty or fifty 
years ago. It is wonderful what a reminis- 
cent mood these old fellows get into at a 
gathering of this kind. The younger ele- 
ment likes the old stories and it does the 
youngsters good to attend. 

Our Association is growing quite rapidly. 
Our meetings are always interesting, and 
we have appointed a committee to confer 
with the Veterans at Cumberland and Con- 
nellsville, with the object of having an outing 
at some convenient point some time dur- 
ing the coming Summer. Somerset, Pa., is 
being considered. We expect to have a 
membership of not less than 500 before the 
end of the year. 

Grafton Chapter 

' I ""HE regular monthly meeting of the 
Monongah Division Veteran Employes' 
Association was held on Monday night, 
April 12. The Veterans were addressed by 
Grand Vice-President Garvey and greatly 
enjoyed the fine talk he gave. 

At this meeting three delegates were 
elected to represent this Association at the 
convention to be held in Baltimore at some 
future date. The delegates elected were: 
F. M. Keane, J. B. Kimmel, and Thomas 

Resolutions of respect were drawn up and 
passed by this Association in honor of our 
deceased brothers, J. W. Grinnan and 
Robert Anderson. 

Brother Grinnan had been in the service 
for 40 years. His death was brought about 
by an attack of acute indigestion. He was 
a faithful employe and was well liked by 
all who knew him. 

Brother Anderson also was a faithful and 
a well beloved employe, having been in the 
service for 28 years. Both of the funerals 
were well attended by the Veterans, and 
resolutions of respect were sent to each of 
their families. 

After passing on the above, the meeting 
was adjourned. The next meeting will be 
held on the second Monday in May. 

old Switch at Relay 

/r T % HE several articles recently published 
in the Magazine in regard to Balti- 
more and Ohio history at Relay, have 
stimulated a good deal of interest among 
our Veterans. One of these, Engineer J. E. 
Way, of the Baltimore Division, gives us 
another chapter on this historic, place, in 
the accompanying photograph. 

This shows Upton W. Howser standing at 
the penstock between the old Main Line 
and the Metropolitan Branch. The pen- 
stock was arranged so that engines on the 
v.ashington Branch and the Main Stem 
could take water in either direction by 
crossing from one main track to the other. 

The hill in the background will be remem- 
bered by only a very few of our oldest active 
employes and pensioners. This had to be 
levelled for the substantial old stone station 
which still helps to make Relay one of the 
most attractive stopping points on our Rail- 
road, and which was built and occupied in 

John E. Spurrier, Jr., vouches for the 
accuracy of this information. 

Old Switch at_Relay Original photograph loaned by Engineer J. E. Way. Ba'timore Division 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

E. L. Weisgerber 

Honored Career of Edward 
L. Weisgerber Ends 

r I T HE eventful life of Edward Ludwig 
Weisgerber, age 80, terminated on 
March 19 at his home at Newark, Ohio. 
This marked the passing of one of the 
best known and most respected officers 
of the Baltimore and Ohio. He gave the 
Company 46 years of loyal' and vigorous 
service, and his memory will be honored by 
all employes whose good fortune it may 
have been to work for or with him during 
his long career as a railroad man. 

Mr. Weisgerber was born in Wheeling, 
W.Va., on September 16, 1839. He entered 
the service of the Railroad as machinist 
apprentice, February 23, 1856, at Wheeling. 
Completing his apprenticeship he served as 
machinist from 1 860 to 1 866. He was made 
General Foreman at Wheeling in 1867, and 
Master Mechanic at Connellsville, in 1872. 
He was transferred to Wheeling in the same 
capacity in 1873, was promoted , to Master 
Mechanic at Grafton in 1877, transferred in 
the same capacity to Newark in 1877, and in 
that year was made General Master Mechanic 
at Mount Clare shops. Here he served' 
until 1902, when he retired from the service. 

The Rose Beyond the Wall 

By N. H Davis 
Chaplain, Philadelphia Veterans 

V\ 7HILE attending the Twelfth Annual 
* ^ Banquet of the Veteran Employes' 
Association of the Philadelphia Division, 
I was much impressed by the appearance 
of my fellow-men there who had borne 
the burden and heat of the day for 20 years 
and more. That these men had bright 
eyes, active minds, and, to all appear- 
ances, strong bodies, proves beyond a doubt 
that men can care for both body and soul 
even while the storms of life toss them 
hither and thither. 

I beheld men there who had passed the 
middle mile-stone of life and who still main- 
tained their strength and youthful appear- 

True, the hand of affliction has touched 
and is still touching men in all walks of life. 
But the majority , of these men are still in 
active service and able to maintain their 

It has been said that men cannot come 
in contact with evil without absorbing it. 
But as the lily of the old mill pond, planted 
there by the hand of God in the mud and 
decomposition of vegetation, is cared for 
and brings forth a beautiful flower, so God 
in like manner cares for man, whom He 
has planted in this world of sin, and keeps 
him from absorbing the evil around and 
about him. 

The men whom I saw at the banquet 
have come up from a life of toil. Yet each 
seemed to be satisfied with his lot, though 
some may have felt that their lives have 
not amounted to much after all. But I 
can say to any brother Veteran who has a 
like thought, that no man who has done his 
part and followed his vocation free from 
evil, has labored in vain. 

There is always a time in the life of every 
man when the cup of cold water spoken of 
by the Master can be given to those who 
thirst. "Give me to drink," said the 
Master at the well. The fruits of our labor 
may be blossoming somewhere unknown to 
us. A lady once received a beautiful rose 
plant and planted it in her yard beside a 
stone wall. She and dug around 
its roots and kept it free of insects. But 
she was much disappointed when it did not 
bloom. She thought her care for it had all 
been in vain and was very sad over what 
seemed to be a failure. But just befoie 
Autumn, while cleaning some undergrowth 
from around the wall, she discovered a 
crevice which admitted a ray of the setting 
sun. There, to her surprise, she beheld a 

branch leading from the rose bush to the 
other side. And when she climbed up and 
gazed over she saw that her labors had not 
been in vain, for her bush had sent out a 
tender and beautiful branch which had 
brought forth the fruits of her labor. It 
had blossomed on the other side of the wall. 
So, my dear brothers, keep in good heart, 
for your labors will be sure to bloom on the 
other side of the wall. Be not weary in 
well doing, for we shall reap if we faint not. 

Death of Dispatcher 
B. M. Tharp 

By A. R. hanker 

A GAIN has death come into our circle, 
leaving many saddened hearts. Ben- 
jamin McCormick Tharp, senior train dis- 
patcher of the Toledo Division, succumed 
at his residence in Dayton, Ohio, on Friday, 
March 12, after an illness of six days. 

Mr. Tharp was born at Washington 
Court House, Ohio, April 30, 1867. He 
began his railroad career in June, 1881, as 
Telegraph Operator on the T. C. & St. L. 
Railroad at Washington Court House, 
Ohio, Chillicothe, Ohio, and Wellston, Ohio. 
In November, 1882, he went to Waverly, 
Ohio, as Joint Agent for the O. S. and S. V. 
Railways. He left this position in April, 
1884, going to the Santa Fe Railroad, where 
he worked as Telegraph Operator, Agent, 
Clerk and Relief Agent at various points 
in Kansas, Colorado and New Mexico for 
five years and six months, leturning to 
Ohio in October, 1889, where he was en- 
gaged as Telegraph Operator, Assistant 
Agent, Yard Clerk and Chief Clerk to 
Superintendent Gimperling on the Wellston 
Division of the C. H. & D. Railroad. In 
December, 1893, he went to Celina, Ohio, 
on the Delphos Division as Train Dis- 
patcher, which position he retained until he 
was transferred to the main line of the 

First Baltimore and Ohio Time-Table Published 
in Newspapers 

Contributed by H. R. Howser 

(Baltimore American— June 17th, 1830) 

A sufficient number of Cars being now provided for the accommodation of 
passengers, notice is hereby given that the follow'ng arrangements for the arrival 
and departure of carriages have been adopted and will take effect on and after 
Monday morning next, viz. : 

A brigade of Cars will leave the Depot on Pratt street at 6 and 10 o'clock 
A. M. and at 3 to 4 o'clock P. M., and will leave the Depot at Ellicotts Mills at 
6 and 8J4 o'clock A. M. and at \2Y 2 and 6 o'clock P. M. 

Way passengers will provide themselves with tickets at the office of the 
Company in Baltimore, or at the Depots at Pratt street and Ellicotts Mills, or at 
the Relay House near Elkridge Landing. 

The evening Way Car for Ellicotts Mills will continue to leave the Depot 
Pratt street at 6 o'clock P. M. as usual. 

N. B. — Positive orders have been issued to the Drivers to receive no passen- 
gers into any of the cars without tickets. 

P. S. — Parties desiring to engage a Car for the day can be accommodated 
after July 5th. 

Gross receipts for the first four months of operation, $20,012.36. 

illU miu ID. U uiuinuminiiiOHjj DIUIUIIIIUDIIIUII n UOIWUJ rjinii Dim IDNHiilUlliailUIIIIUItnjmilllll|![jilll|M.|||IDiilltiriiUiririlimillltCIHMIimiO iiiiOIINIiLNUCmillllUMf 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


B. M. Tharp 

C. H. & D. Railroad as Train Dispatcher 
at Lima, Ohio. He held this position until 
the Dispatcher's office was moved to Day- 
ton, Ohio, in May, 1902. Here he worked 
almost continuously as Train Dispatcher up 
to within one week of his death. His con- 
nection with the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road dates back to the acquirement of the 
old C. H. & D. Railroad by this Company. 

Mr. Tharp possessed more than ordinary 
ability and bore the reputation of being 
exceptionally careful and painstaking in his 
work; and he enjoyed the confidence of all 
his associates and co-workers. 

He is survived .by his wife, Eleanor 
Tharp, one son and two daughters, to 
whom is extended the heartfelt sympathy 
of his host of friends and associates among 
the officers and employes of the Toledo 
Division, by whom he will be greatly 

New York Division 

f^N Tuesday evening, April 20, the 
clerks of the New York Division, 
under the auspices of Harrison Lodge 
No. 783, Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, 
held a social and dance at New Amsterdam 
Hall, New York. The affair was a good- 
fellowship gathering, the motto being 
" Everybody welcome and everything free. " 
This waiving of an admission fee was made 
possible by having a drawing for a $50.00 
Liberty Bond, tickets being 25 cents each. 
Members sold as many tickets as they could 
among their friend 1 :. 

Through the kindness of John Pagliucca, 
Lighterage Department of the Produce 
Exchange, the committee was able to 
secure the services of a first class Jazz Band, 
in which he is trap drummer. These boys 
were warmly congratulated on the fine pro- 
gram which they gave. 

The entertainment was ably handled by 
the committee: C. F. Santagata, chairman, 
assisted by the Messrs. J. Cherny, T. 
Bradley and T. Baccalini. F. Santagata 

and his brother, Louis, sang several of the 
latest song hits and several encores. One of 
the fair visitors, a Miss Schwartz, contrib- 
uted a song and recitation. Another feature 
was an impersonation of the famous Jazz 
King, "Frisco," given by Mr. Reynolds. 

In the drawing for the Liberty Bond, M. 
A. Boyan, head of the Eastbound Depart- 
ment, held the lucky number, No. 3. 

In the prize dancing contest the judges, 
J. Lynch, T. Bradley, C. Speckman, 
awarded a handsome prize to "Al" Fox 
and his fair partner, Miss Margaret Cronin, 
for the best fox trot. Perhaps the name of 
Fox had something to do with "Al's" 
wonderful showing of foot work. 

C. J. Speckman was of course on hand 
but it took a long time before the greater 
part of the membership were aware of this 
fact, because he had his best "gal," and nat- 
urally had to be on good and quiet behavior. 
After enjoying the refreshments the party 
disbanded at about midnight. This is the 
best evening our committee has given us to 

Clarence E. Roache Still 

QUITE a few good things come out of 
the old Baltimore and Ohio. To 
some men it is a University — a training 
for higher things — even things outside the 

Take the case of Clarence E. Roache. 
Not a few of us know him from days before 
the war when he was Chief Clerk in the 
Employment Bureau. Today he is Assis- 
tant General Sales Manager of the F. S. 
Royster Guano Company, at Norfolk — and 
he's still going. 

Like some other successful men, he began 
as a waterboy on a track gang. Must be 
something to that waterboy stuff. 

Baseball Fans Busy at Keyser 

"pvURING the latter part of April about 
^—^ 25 of the baseball fans at Keyser got 
together to launch the season. Trainmaster 

Carney called the meeting to order. P. G. 
Ervin, chief clerk to Assistant Superinten- 
dent, was elected temporary manager and 
"Batch" Fazenbacher was made captain. 
Keyser has always had a good Company 
team and is out to beat all comers. Write 
the manager for games. 

Judicial Reflections of a 

By George W. Hanlcnbeek 

Law Department 

How to Get a Husband 
I once heard a gentleman say that young 
women could easily get husbands if they 
would show a desire to aid mother and the 
household by devoting a portion cf the Satur- 
day half hcliday to doing some of the market- 
ing. This seerr.s simple encugh and I have 
often wondered why a goodly number do not 
avail themselves cf the privilege. 

Coming down town in a Guilford Avenue 
car last Saturday morning, I saw a young 
lady with a market basket, which she in- 
tended, no doubt, to use at Lexington market 
in the afternoon. She was not on her way 
to market then, for she possessed the steno- 
graphic demeanor and poise. I therefore 
inwardly ejaculated as she alighted at cne 
cf the big office buildings, that this young 
• oman, according to my friend's belief, 
would certainly land a husband. 

Boosting Baltimore 
I am always glad to meet Baltimore and 
Ohio employes on our very satisfactory train, 
No. 524, on my Saturday trips to Bethlehem ; 
glad, because there are so many people, es- 
pecially in New York, who have an idea that 
Baltimore is a little bit cf a place. When I 
go to the Metropolis, I give them Ba'Jmore 
data right from the shoulder. I tell them 
we have the finest harbor on the coast; a 
population cf 800,000, and when the census 
enumeration is concluded^ we expect to re- 
cord one millicr. One might as well be 
killed for a sheep as for a lamb. 


The Veteran 

E. B. Rittentiouse 

Agent, Wilmington 

His was the dauntless energy — the will that blared the way 
Through the chaotic insufficiency of yesterday; 

His was the faith — through the long night — to work, to prophecy 

The fashioning of mighty thunderbolts — the dawn of day. 

His path is toward the evening sun — the coming night; 

A passing scroll of sleepless hours — of blinding light; 

Today is filled with memories of the past, 

And loyalty — that bore him through the wintry blast. 

Destiny — and the drift of fruitful years, ere now 

Hath touched with frost the locks above his brow; 

His heart and brain are woven in the web that holds us fast, 

And where he trod we follow to the last. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

j| Women's Department |j 

\\ Edited by Margaret Talbott Stevens \( 


Adown the fields of morning light, all glistening with the dew, 
I met a dainty maid who wore a gown of wondrous hue. 
Her hair ivas made of sunshine, and her eyes of diamonds bright 
Were sparkling like the lanterns of the fireflies in the night. 
Her breath was of the southern clime, more fragrant than the rose, 
And she danced along as lightly as the silvery brooklet flows. 
Of wood and hill and meadowlands, she sang that livelong day, 
For she was Queen of Fairyland, this lovely Maiden May. 

Ladies' Auxiliary, Baltimore 
By Mrs. George T. MacMillen 
Recording Secretary 

The Ladies' Auxiliary of the Veteran 
Employes' Association was organized Sep- 
tember 6, 191 6, with 14 charter members. 
The Association now numbers 161 active 
members. Meetings are held on the first 
Wednesday of each month at 2.00 p. m., at 
Jr. O. U. A. M. Hall, 100 X. Paca Street, 
Baltimore, Aid., and are well attended, 
luncheon being served at each meeting. A 
cordial invitation is extended to out-of-town 

members of the various auxiliaries of the 
Veteran Employes' Association and a most 
pleasant afternoon awaits those who accept 
the invitation. 

Mrs. Bertha G. Bond 

She Did Her Part for Humanity 

By H. Irving Martin 

It would be hard indeed to write an ap- 
preciation of the life of Mrs. Bertha George 
Bond, wife of Doctor James A. Bond, and 
the work done by her which would meas- 
ure up to its real value to Humanity. 

Here was one whose life was a living fulfil- 
ment of the Divine command, "Thou shalt 
love thy neighbor as thyself." 

A charming conversationalist, a good lis- 
tener, broad and liberal-minded, and pos- 
sessing a highly developed personality that 
made friends of all with whom she came in 
contact, her death is deplored by all who 
knew her and her husband. She was deeply 
interested in all movements for the advance- 
ment of her sex. Sharing fully in all of the 
occupations in which her husband was 
interested, nothing that pleased him was too 
small to secure her fullest cooperation. 

Mrs. Bond died on Friday, April 2, follow- 
ing an operation at St. Joseph's Hospital, 
Baltimore, and was buried at Westminster, 
Md., on Sunday, April 4. 

Besides her husband, who is the son of 
former Judge James A. C. Bond, of the 
Fifth Judicial Circuit, now of the firm of 
Bond & Parke, counsel at Westminster, 
Md., for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 
Mrs. Bond is survived by a sister, Mrs. 
George J. Parke, of Norfolk, Va., and a 
brother, James B. George, of Sykesville, Md. 

Through his long service with the medi- 
cal staff of the Relief Department, Doctor 
Bond's associates have realized that the two 
were true comrades in every sense and their 
sympathy to him is full and heartfelt. 

We reproduce from the Baltimore 5mm a 
tribute to Mrs. Bond which voices the 
esteem in which she was held by her asso- 

Front row, left to right: Mrs. J. F. Epsey, sergeant-at arms; Mrs. G. T. MacMillen, recording secretary; Mrs. William Riley, financial secretary. Back row, left to right: 
Mrg. W. T. Holmes, treasurer; Mrs. William Hanson, vice-president; Mrs. G. A. Bowers, chaplain; Mrs. C. H. Shipley, president; 
Mrs. J. F. Tucker, organist; Mrs. G. W. Galloway, ex-president. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


1— Howard Christy, grandson of C. E. Gibbs, foreman, Paint, Hardware and Pipe Shop. 2— James Junior Welker, son of J. H. Welker, machinist. 3— Robert WesR^ Fair- 
man, 18 months old son of Robert W. Fairman, electric welder, in service 4 years. 4— Hilbert L. Flanagan, age 4 years, John G. Jr., age 2 years, sons of John G. Fianasan, blacksmith 
helper. 5— Charles E. Fromm, 20 months old son of Edgar J. Fromm. 6— Hazel May, age 2 years, daughter of Oliver Hands, boi.ermaker, in service 11 years. 7— Mary, age 6 
years, William, age 4, and Sophia, age 2, children of W. E. Heiland, flue tester. 8— Eva Weiner, age 15 months, daughter of P. N. Weiner, machinist, in service 5 years. 9 - 
Gordon William Kostens, 6 year old son of William Kostens, machinist, in service 11 years. 10— Chailes H. Stowman, Jr., son of Charles H. Stowman, boilermaker, in service 
15 years. 11— Margaret Frances Hyman, age 4 years, daughter of F. C. Hyman. 12— Evelyn Pauly, 6 year old daughter of William Pauly, machinist. 13— Mary Jane Street, age 
3>2 years, daughter of William L. Street, in service 14 years. 14— Martha Hands, age 3H years, daughter of O.iver Hands, boilermaker, in service 11 years. 

Mrs. Bertha G. Bond was active Red Cross 

Mrs. Bertha George Bond, wife of Dr. 
James Bond, was an active worker in the 
American Red Cross. She was among the 
first to offer her services, and worked un- 
tiringly in the Lawyers' Hill Auxiliary for 
any of the needs of the Baltimore Chapter. 
She was one of the earliest to realize the 
necessity for tireless efforts in the successive 
and successful "drives." 

Young, beautiful, and possessed of a 
charming personality, her presence influ- 
enced others at once. When, after the war, 
the Auxiliary was sending delicacies to the 
wounded at Fort McHenry, Mrs. Bond was 
always ready, not only to prepare them, but 
often driving her car on the many errands 
for which she was called. Her services to 
her country, rendered so cheerfully and so 
efficiently, should be an example to others. 

She gave that others might fight on, and in 
her heart was the courage that wins. 

(Signed) Letitia E. Lowndes. 

Women Win In Business 

By George W. Hanlenbeek 

Adverting to my frequent references in 
my monthly letter to the work of qualified 
and efficient women in our service, those 
possessing an education and a willingness to 
render the best service, let me observe that 
the Capitol Theatre at 51st Street and 
Broadway, New York, employs a young 
lady as its press representative. With an 
orchestra of eighty musicians and other 
important and novel features, this is the 
largest theatre in the world, the sum of five 
million dollars having been expended in its 
construction. Think of a woman being at 

the head of the publicity department of such 
an immense organization! 

Who Will Volunteer to Teach 
By W. R. Irving 

"He" and "She" both work at the Cen- 
tral Building. He had it as bad as anyone 
ever did. She might have. 

The time was late evening. The place 
was her parlor. He had just been handed 
the mitten for various reasons. The setback 
reacted on his vocal chords, and he began: 

"It used to be the custom to don armor 
and fight to prove your love. I have no 
such chance, but I can devote my life to 
you. Is there anything I can humanly do 
for you? Do you need a champion? A 
protector? How — is there anything you 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Dear Women Readers: 

A pair cf blackbirds were chattering away noisily in the top of an old 
walnut tree. They were in search cf a suitable location for their summer 
home, and they twittered and chirped for a whole morning. Although I could 
not interpret their language, I was sure from their actions that they were 
conversing on this wise : 

"My dear, do ycu realize that it is apple-blossom time?" 
"Yes, indeed! And summertime is right at the door. We 
must certainly hustle up and get this nest ready." 

Now, there is little dcubt but that this pair cf blackbirds built their nest in 
the top cf the same walnut tree and in the selfsame manner as did their 
parents, their grandparents, and their great-grandparents — stick upon stick, 
straw upcn straw, and a few feathers from the breast cf the mother bird to 
line the inside. 

Man, however, when he begins to build himself a home, does not take his 
axe and hew down a tree, nor does he place the logs one upon another to build 
the sort cf cabin which his great-grandfather made. He forms his own idea 
for a house, arranging it according to the needs of his family, and leaves the 
rest to the architect and to the contractor. 

The needs cf the blackbird never change from year to yearj man's wants 
change daily. The result is that we have new ideas. Moreover, if there be a 
thousand persons, each having the same duties to perform, no two cf them will 
accomplish the task in exactly the same manner. How do you do your work? 
Will you tell us? It is for this purpose cf discussing methods of doing things 
that we are to use these pages ; we can help each other by the exchange of 
ideas. This is how we can do it: 

I want you to write me all about the things in which you are particularly 
interested. It is not necessary to be an experienced writer in order to do this; 
the best things in the world are told in a few simple words. Just write me 
plain, everyday, "homey" letters, if you will, and tell me how you are going to 
furnish that new bungalow or what ycu know about canning vegetables. What 
plans have you for educating your children? What is your favorite dessert, and 
how do you prepare it? How about that literary club in your community? 
How did you make that dainty gown out of last year's suit? How do you 
arrange your flowers, your hair, the dining-room table? 

These are just a few suggestions, but there are a thousand things that you 
can tell me cf. Perhaps you have a little chicken farm, a vegetable garden, 
a window garden, or a peach orchard that you can tell about. Maybe you can 
write a little poem or a short story. Just send me anything that you feel will 
be of interest to womenfolk — and to menfolk too, for that matter. You would 
be surprised if you knew how many men read the women's pages. We want 
them to read our section; in fact, we want to make our pages so interesting 
that whenever a housewife feels like taking a vacation all she will have to do 
will be to put the Magazine in a conspicuous place in the kitchen and leave 
home with the satisfaction cf knowing that friend Husband will need no other 
cookbook or manual of housekeeping in order to keep everything spik and span 
and not die of indigestion during his wife's absence. 

I am sure that you would laugh with me, and perhaps at me, if I should 
tell you of some of the amusing experiences that I have had through writing 
for the Magazine. But try it and find out for yourselves, and incidentally help 
other folk by telling them your ideas. Personally, I need a great deal of help. 
I know as much about housekeeping as I do about building a Chinese pagoda ; 
so it is up to you to teach me. Just think what a calamity it would be if that 
little blind god should seme day aim at my heart with his sure-shot arrow and 
say: "Lay down your pencil immediately and take up the tea-towel!" Alas 
for me if I knew not the difference between the tea-towel and the table-cloth ! 

Let us make good use of this Women's Section. It is yours and mine. 
Will you help to make it worth while? 

Yours very cordially, 

want that I can get you; is there anything I 
can do to show my love?" 

She gets an idea. "Yes," she evenly and 
sweetly replied, "kiss me." 

After recovering, he reverently kissed her 
on the forehead. 

Silence followed, then: "Is there any 
other way to prove my devotion?" 

"Yes," she said, "learn how to kiss." 

Practical Dishes for 
Practical People 

Pie Crust 

No matter how carefully the filling for a 
pie has been prepared; no matter how 
appetizing its appearance; if the crust of 
that pie be tough and unpalatable, the 
whole is a failure. On the other hand, a 
light, flaky pie crust will make almost any 
attempt at pie making worth while. The 
following recipes are the result of careful 
experiment; the first one is particularly 
delicious crust for lemon filling. 

No. 1 

3 cups flour. 

i cup shortening. 

i teaspoonful salt. 

Enough cold water to make the dough 
barely cling together. 

Roll thin. If for a lemon filling bake 
first for about ten minutes, or until a very 
light brown. This will make two large pies. 

No. 2 

I }4 cups flour. 

yi teaspoonful salt, 
cup shortening. 

Mix ingredients well, adding enough ice 
water to hold together in a still dough. Roll 
this out and fold over. Repeat this three 
times, taking care to roll very thin each 
time. Before putting on top crust spread it 
with a thin covering of butter or lard. Bake 
in a hot oven. This will make one pie. 
No. 3 (Adella Crust) 

i cup shortening. 

3 cups flour. 

^ cup boiling water. 

i ]A teaspoonfuls salt. 

teaspoonful baking powder. 

Heat a mixing bowl with hot water.. 
Place the lard in the bowl, pouring the half- 
cup of boiling water over the lard. Beat 
until it becomes a creamy mass. Sift flour, 
into which has been placed the baking pow- 
der and salt, into the mixture. Mix well 
and roll thin. This will make two pies. 
Two Oatmeal Recipes 

The war taught us to use many cereals in 
cooking which before we had only known 
as breakfast foods. Oatmeal, however, has 
long had its place as an all around food. 
The flavor which it lends to the cookies and 
the rolls in the following recipes is not unlike 
that of cocoanut. 

Oatmeal Cookies 

2 cups oatmeal. 
Whites of 2 eggs. 

2 level teaspoonfuls baking powder. 

I teaspoonful salt. 

i cup sugar. 

i cup molasses syrup. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Put the oatmeal, salt, and baking powder 
into a mixing bowl. Add the syrup, then 
the sugar, mixing thoroughly. Add the 
well-beaten whites of the eggs, stirring light- 
ly. Drop from a large spoon on buttered 
tins. Bake in a moderate oven. 

Oatmeal Rolls 

1 yi cups oatmeal. 

2 cups boiling water. 
]A cup brown sugar. 
I tablespoonful salt. 
5 cups flour. 

I yeast cake (dissolved in one-third cup 
of water). 

Put the oatmeal into a large mixing bowl 
and pour on it the boiling water. Add the 
sugar and salt. Mix thoroughly and let set 
until cool. Add the dissolved yeast cake 
and the flour. Knead until very smooth. 
Set in a warm place and allow it to rise well. 
Knead, form into small rolls, and let rise 
again. Bake in a moderate oven for about 
half an hour, or until a rich brown. 

THE blouse holds a commanding place 
in the world of style and greater 
energy is being put into its develop- 
ment this season than ever before. Straight 
from Paris and adapted to the ability of the 
home dressmaker is this model, which may 
be developed in almost any material. It 
closes at the left shoulder and under the left 
arm, is trimmed with embroidery and has a 
neckline which may be finished in square, 
V-shaped or round effect. The front of the 
blouse is laid in plans under the arms, the 
fulness at the waistline being held in with 
two narrow belts. Medium size requires 
3f yards 36-inch material with one yard 
ining for under body. 

The front and back of the blouse should be 
laid with the triple "TTT" perforations 
along the lengthwise fold of material when 

<.o\sTRLr no\ uuioe 8721 


cutting, to save seams. If the neckline is 
changed to make a shield necessary, this is 
also placed along the lengthwise fold with 
the collar. Sleeve and belt have the large 
"O" perforations arranged on a lengthwise 
thread of the goods. 

The line of the neck is regulated in the 
cutting, as there are small "o" perforations 
indicating three different styles. In making 
the underbody, face around the armhole 

Hot Biscuits 

Often we would like to have hot biscuits 
for breakfast, but hesitate about making 
them because of the time and trouble. 
These biscuits are made with case and are 
baked quickly. 

1 quart flour. 

3 teaspoonfuls baking powder. 
1 teaspoonful salt, 
f cup shortening. 

Sufficient milk to knead this mixture 
quickly into a stiff dough. Roll out to the 
thickness of a half-inch. Bake in hot oven 
15 to 20 minutes. 


By Edith H. Coplan 
Transportation Department 

I wish I were a fairy bright 

In the Baltimore and Ohio, 
Cheering all where'er I 'light; 

Then, dancing to and fro, 
I'd chase O. G.'s and all glooms freeze, 

And then I'd plant some smiles, 
'Till they'd spread and o'er the Railroad grow, 

Covering endless miles. 

edges of front and back about three inches 
deep. Close under-arm and shoulder seams 
as notched. Turn hem in front, then plait, 
creasing on slot perforations. 

To make the sleeves, plait and stitch as 
indicated. Leave plait free below the large 
"O" perforation and finish for closing. 
Gather sleeve between "T" perforations. 
Close seam of sleeve as notched. Sew sleeve 
in armhole of underbody as notched with 
small "o" perforation at shoulder seam. 
Bring seam of sleeve to under-arm seam, 
easing in any fulness between the notches. 

Hold the sleeve toward you when basting it 
in the armhole. 

Now, take the blouse and plait the front 
at under-arm edge, placing "T" on the 
corresponding small "o" perforations above 
and tack. Close under-arm and shoulder 
scams as notched, leaving under-arm edges 
free below the double small "00" perfora- 
tion in back section. Leave left shoulder 
edges free, also the left under-arm edges 
above the single small "o" perforation in 
back section. Arrange blouse on underbody 
with center-fronts and center-backs even 
and if desired, tack neck edges of backs 
together. Fold belts through centers and 
stitch notched edges together. Adjust upper 
belt, tacking lower edge over large "O" per- 
forations at center-front, center-back and 
under-arm scam. Adjust lower belt, with 
lower edge 1 ' inch below and finish for clos- 
ing at left side. The embroidery is done in 
darning stitch. 

Pictorial Review Blouse No. 8721. Sizes, 
34 to 44 inches bust. Price, 30 cents. 

Skirt No. 8728. Sizes 24 to 30 inches 
waist. Price, 20 cents. 

Embroidery No. 12531. Blue or vellow. 
Price, 15 cents. 

Models for Grownups 
and Youngsters 

THE styles to which Fashion has given 
her endorsement will please women 
of all tastes. There are extremely 
simple effects for conservative women, while 
for those who like fanciful creations there 
are straightline models upon which one can 
ring in any number of original ideas. Two 
features which have been with us so long 
that they have become as faithful friends, 
6. e the tunic and the overblouse. These are 
emphasized again in dresses styled ahead of 
the hour. Skirts, as a rule, are straight, and 
while they remain narrow, they are wide 
enough for comfort in walking. 

Serge and tricotine are the materials most 
in demand for taileurs and semi-tailored 
dresses. They are combined with a number 
of fabrics and, if the quality of the material 
is good, a model can be made to look almost 
as well without trimming as w r ith it. The 
sleeveless overblouse is going to be an ex- 
ceedingly fashionable garment during the 
Spring and Summer. One finds it feflitured 
in wash materials as well as the serges and 
silks. A design which may be carried out 
in any two fabrics has the rever collar and 
lower edges of serge, while the back and side 
fronts are of satin. It is held in with a belt 
of the serge, of whi,ch material the skirt is also 

The French influence is reflected in black 
and white effects and there are some charm- 
ing checks and pla*ls in these colors. A 
dress suitable for all-day wear is in black 
and white flannel, the skirt trimmed with a 
straight gathered tunic stitched about the 
lower edge with a band of black silk braid. 
There is a belt of self-material, cut on the 
bias and the blouse, which fastens in surplice 
fashion, has short sleeves finished with turn- 
back cuffs. 

Black serge is demanding a prominent 
place in the styles of Spring and Summer 
and the compromise which it has to offer to 
advocates of brilliant colors are trimmings 
of yellow, wintergreen and henna satin. 
These embellishments appear in the form of 
pipings about the neck and sleeves and on 
the belt. One delightful design has a skirt 
trimmed with a tunic which is divided at 
each side and stitched with deep straight 
bands to simulate tucks. Not only are the 
neck, sleeves and belt outlined with pipings 
of yellow satin, but the buttons are of the 
same trimming. : 

Cl'TTINC Gl'IPK 8721 


Patcnicd April 30. 1907 



A New Blouse Model Straight from Paris Suited 
to the Abilities of the Amateur Sewer 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Another pretty model for a black or dark 
blue serge shows a sunburst skirt with plain 
bodice out in points reaching well down on 
the hips. The neck is round and the sleeves 
long in this instance, and through bound 
buttonholes at the normal waistline is drawn 
a soft sash of wintergreen tricolette hanging 
in fringed ends at the sides. With this is 
worn a fetching turban of wintergreen straw 
with velvet brim and jade eartabs. 

An interesting sidelight on the trend of 
fashion is to the effect that by the end of 
Summer there will be some decided changes 
in the silhouette. They will not affect the 
straight line, however. It is predicted that 
the number of distended hiplines will be 
decreased, side draperies going toward the 
back in much the same effect as the bustle 
of a few years ago. Just what comfort fol- 
lowers of fashion will be able to extract from 
this prediction remains to be seen, but taf- 
feta will be the vehicle through which the 
mode will find its best expression, its quality 
of crispness rendering it suitable to a degree. 

A little dress that is sure to attract atten- 
tion among the advance styles is done in 
taupe crepe de chine and trimmed only with 
accordion plaited frills of self -material 
stitched about the neck and short sleeves 
under bands of self-colored velvet ribbon. 
The skirt is gathered and tucked under at 
the lower edge, the simple blouse being 
joined to it under a belt of taupe crepe. 

Ladies Dress No. 8744. Six sizes, 34 
to 44 bust. Width at lower edge about 15 
yard. As illustrated in first view, size 36 
requires 4I yards 36-inch material. Price, 
25 cents. 


j You can get any pattern here shown j 

I by filling out the following coupon, clip- § 

I ping and enclosing with price shown | 

i (stamps, check or money order) in I 

I envelope addressed "Baltimore and I 

j Ohio Magazine, Mount Royal Station." I 

I Try our pattern service — five days I 

I from day you mail order to day you get I 

• pattern. | 

I Name f 

I Address | 

I Size 1 

I Send pattern number j 

j£> 1 ttt'iO Umm Uii"imi»ii(,iuiiiIPihi[jiiiiiiiihiiO» IIHCn ill V mimd [j ifIIIIIUH Iillllt^| 

Ladies' Dress No. 8749. Eight sizes, 
34 to 48 bust. Width at lower edge about 
if yard. As illustrated in large view, size 
36 requires 6 yards 36-inch material, I yard 
36-inch lining for underbody. Price, 25 cents. 

Misses' Dress No. 8812. Four sizes, 

14 to 20 years. Width at lower edge about 

1 5 yard. As illustrated in large view, size 

16 requires 41 yards 36-inch material. 
Price, 25 cents. 

Misses' Dress No. 8816. Four sizes, 

14 to 20 years. Width at lower edge about 
i§ yard. Size 16 requires 4I yards 36-inch 
material, £ yard 36-inch lining for under- 
body. Price, 25 cents. 

Ladies' One-piece Dress No. 8758. 
Eight sizes, 34 to 48 bust. Width at lower 
edge about i§ yard. Size 36 requires 4, 
yards, 36-inch material. Price, 25 cents. 

Ladies' Dress No. 8834. Eight sizes, 
34 to 48 bust. Width at lower edge about 

1 5 yard. Size 36 requires 4 yards 36-inch 
material, 1 yard 36-inch contrasting mate- 
rial, I yard 36-inch lining for underbody. 
Price, 25 cents. 

Misses' Dress No. 8771. Four sizes, 14 
to 20 years. Width at lower edge about 15 
yard. As illustrated in large view, size 16 
requires 4 yards 36-inch material, £ yard 36- 
inch lining for underbody. Price, 25 cents. 

Girls' and Juniors' Dress No. 8780. 
Four sizes, 8 to 14 years. Size 12 requires 
4 yards 36-inch material. Price, 20 cents. 

Child's One-piece Slip-on Dress No. 
8354. Four sizes, 1 to 4 years. Size 4 requires 
1 1 yard 36-inch material, if yard ribbon 2 
inches wide for sash. Price, 20 cents. 

Juniors' Dress No. 8770. Three sizes, 13 
to 17 years. Size 13 requires 31 yard 36-inch 
material, £ yard lining. Price, 25 cents. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 



f R O L L O I r I K) X () R 

Baltimore Division 

On February 20, as extra east, engine 
4522, was a short distanee east of Van 
Bibber, Conductor A. P. Offutt noticed 
fire flying from under train. Train was 
stopped by applying air from the rear. 
Examination of train disclosed a broken 
arch bar on truck of Baltimore and Ohio 
95185. Conductor Offutt has been com- 
mended for his close supervision of equip- 
ment in his charge. In this case Conductor 
Offutt prevented the occurrence of a more 
serious derailment. 

As No. 97, engine 41 16, passed Frederick 
Junction on March 6, Operator C. A. 
Remsberg observed roof off of a car in 
train. He succeeded in having the train 
stopped. Front Brakeman J. H. Peters 
with No. 97 flagged No. 408 at Doubs. 
Cooperation on the part of Mr. Remsberg 
and Mr. Peters prevented damage or injury 
which might have occurred. Both have 
been commended. 

Conductor C. H. Shipley, running on 
train No. 5, has been commended for 
courtesy shown passenger while riding on 
that train on March 8. We trust the 
patron will enjoy further trips on "Our 
Line. " 

Brakeman A. G. Crummitt has received 
commendatory notation on his record for 
discovery of broken flange under car while 
switching at Gaither, Md., March 19, 
extra east, engine 4547. 

On April 2, Agent H. H. King at Gap- 
land, Md., observed C. M. & St. P. No. 
28524 in train of extra east, engines 1285 
and 1345, with both center sills broken. 
Conductor was notified and car set out of 
train. Mr. King has been commended. 

Baltimore, Md., March 24, 1920. 
C. E. Orndorf, Operator, 
Care H. E. Hartman, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Dear Sir — I have been advised that on 
March 16 you were instrumental in stop- 
ping extra west engine 4088 at Chester, 
notifying them that they had a car with a 
broken flange in their train. Although the 
train wire was in trouble you made an 
extra effort to get hold of Chester on the 
telephone. I commend you for ■ your 
action on this occasion. 

Verv trulv vours, 

(Signed") R. B. White, 


Baltimore, Md., March 25, 1920. 
J. F. Elste, Operator, 
Poplar, Md. 
Dear Sir — It has been called to my at- 
tention that on March 4 you observed car 
with broken arch bar in train of extra east 
4069 when passing Poplar. You flagged 
this train and the defective car was set off. 
Your prompt action undoubtedly prevented 
an accident, and I commend you for your 
action on this occasion. Suitable notation 
will be made on your service record. 

Verv trulv vours, 
(Signed) R. B. White, 


Cumberland Division 

■ On March 14, Conductor M. A? Newman, 
with extra 7109 east, going back to flag 
near pump house west of Piedmont, noted 
broken rail east of Bloomington Bridge. 
He informed Operator at Piedmont by 
telephone. Trackmen were called and rail 

While extra 7124 west was passing Side 
Cut just west of Striekers on the morning 
of March 12, about 9.25 a. m., Brakeman 
J. C. Welling observed two large rocks lying 
in the middle of No. 2 track. He had 
train stopped and stones, which had fallen 
from the bank, removed. 

Keyser Division 

Extra east 7116, Conductor Arnold, 
March 22, Newburg grade just west of 
Hiorra Station, R. S. Fromhart, running 
helper engine 7045, noticed about one foot 
broken out of rail on eastbound main track. 
No. 2 was overdue. Engineer Fromhart 
told Fireman B. C. Hinkston to get off, 
run back and flag No. 2, which was coming 
in sight at Brams curve. Fireman Hinkston 
ran back and stopped train No. 2. Engine- 
man Fromhart stopped train he was help- 
ing east of Hiorra and told Conductor 
Arnold, who went back w : here rail was 
broken. Engineer W. W. Davis on train 
No. 2 and Conductor Arnold, after exam- 
ining track and finding piece that was 
broken out of rail and fitting it back in 
track, got train No. 2 over damaged track 
with little delay. Note was thrown off to 
track men at 83 fill, who repaired rail at 
once and report was made to West End. 
T. Burk found broken rail. All interested 
arc commended. 

Pittsburgh Division 

Engineer C. F. Harvey, while coming 
west from Connellsville on March 22, 
noticed that the hill was slipping at Reduc- 
tion. He immediately went to West New- 
ton and 'phoned the Dispatcher, thereby 
averting accident. Mr. Harvey is com- 
mended for his prompt action in this case. 

Found by P. H. Handel, car inspector, 
in Glenwood transportation yard on March 
10, C. N. J. car 84247 having a wheel 
cracked through its entire diameter and 
deep enough to show entirely across tread 
of wheel. This discovery indicates the 
class of inspection rendered by Mr. Handle, 
who is among our best. The car was in 
train coming in off the P. & W. branch and 
Mr. Handle's finding this defect no doubt 
averted a serious accident. 

Monongah Division 

On March 14, while Car Repairman 
R. M. Satterfield was on his way home 
from work, he discovered 24 inches of cap 
of rail broken off on bridge that crosses the 
Monongahcla River at Hoult, W. Va., near 
Fairmont. This happened shortly before 
arrival of No. 68. Mr. Satterfield notified 
Operator, who had train stopped, and re- 

pairs were made to track. Mr. Satter- 
field 's prompt action probably prevented an 
accident, as this is a high bridge. Mr. 
Satterfield has been commended for his 
promptness and suitable entry will be 
made on his service record. 

On March 15 Extra Operator C. M. Hill, 
while on his way from the office at Ham- 
mond, found broken rail on eastbound 
track about three rail lengths east of tool 
house at Valley Falls. He immediately 
notified Track Foreman A. E. Shaffer and 
repairs were made to track. Appropriate 
entry will be made on Mr. Hill's service 

New Castle Division 

A. J. Mace, lampman, Kent, Ohio, on 
M arch 1 noticed brake beam down on car 
in train of extra 4214. Operator was 
notified and as a result train crew were 
made aware of this condition so that re- 
pairs could be made. Mr. Mace received 
the usual commendatory letter from Super- 
intendent Stevens and in addition to this, 
suitable entry was formulated for placing 
on his service record. 

F. R. Gault, signal repairman, Lodi, 
Ohio, on March 5 discovered broken truck 
on car in train of extra 4098. This con- 
dition was reported to the Operator, who 
in turn notified the train crew, and car was 
set off before any damage occurred. For 
his close observance of dangerous condi- 
tions and interest displayed in connection 
with his duties, Mr. Gault has been com- 
mended by the Superintendent. Entry 
will also be made on his service record. 

M. W. Herrick, pumper, Burton, Ohio, 
on March 8, while on duty, discovered two 
broken rails in main track west of Burton. 
THs situation was brought to the attention 
01 the Agent for the protection of train 
movement and section men were secured 
to make repairs. The discovery of this 
condition undoubtedly prevented' an acci- 
dent. Mr. Herrick has received the letter 
of commendation from the Superintendent, 
and entry will be placed on his record. 

C. F. Delong, track foreman, Hereford, 
Ohio, on March 16 signalled a passing train 
that there appeared something wrong with 
car in the train. After crew had made 
stop inspection developed brake beam 
dragging. Repairs were made. Mr.*De- 
long has been commended for his observance 
of this condition and entry will also be made 
on his record. 

Newark Division 

On March 21, Brakeman C. D. Pearson, 
while off duty, discovered a broken rail 
just west of Shelby, Ojuo. He took prompt 
action to notify the Section Foreman and 
Supervisor, protecting the location until 
repairs could be made. He has been com- 
mended and merit entry has been placed 
on his record. 

Cleveland Division 

Cleveland, Ohio, March 24, 1920. 

O. P. Wilson*, Yard Conductor, 
Akron, Ohio. 
Dear Sir — My attention has been called 
to the fact that on March 20, while you 
were working west end of hill yard, Akron 
Junction, you found a badly broken rail 
on westbound main track and reported it 
immediately. Also understand that it was 
necessary to reverse No. 9 from "BD" 
Tower to Akron Junction, on account of 
rail not being safe for No. 9. to run over. 
I assure you that I appreciate the interest 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

you are taking in your work and hope that 
it will continue. Am forwarding copy of 
this letter to the Employment Bureau to 
prepare entry. 

Very trulv vours, 

(Signed) H. B. Green, 


On March 22, at 10.35 a - m -> while train 
of 1st 83, engine 4046, was passing Freeport 
Passenger Depot, Extra Gang Timekeeper 
Harry Bierie noticed 12 inches of flange 
broken off of lead wheel on rear truck of 
Baltimore and Ohio 225057. He immedi- 
ately got on caboose and notified Conduc- 
tor, who set car off. He has been com- 
mended for his prompt action and interest 
shown in his work. 

On March 23, Agent Frank McCormack, 
Brooklyn, Ohio, flagged passenger train No. 
31 because of broken rail. He has been 
commended for thus averting an accident. 

Chicago Division 

J. K. Clemens, third trick operator at 
Alida, has been commended for his care 
and watchfuness in observing bad con- 
dition on engine 4316 west. Through his 
efforts the train was stopped and condition 
remedied, possibly preventing an accident. 

F. M. Thornton, first trick operator at 
St. Joe, has received a letter of commenda- 
tion from the Superintendent for finding a 
broken rail and protecting trains until 
repairs could be made. 

Ohio Division 

On March 1, Engineer E. O. Brown, 
while in charge of yard engine 1500, 
switching in the vicinity of oil house at 
Chillicothe, discovered blaze in oil house. 
He went immediately to the scene of fire 
and turned on steam jet, which was the 
only available means of extinguishing the 
fire, and then turned in the alarm for shop 
fire department. His immediate action 
and interest no doubt prevented total 
destruction of oil house, as well as possible 
damage to other property. He has been 

Indiana Division 

On April 5, James Long, switchman, 
North Vernon Yard, when switching B. L. 
E. 9964, discovered broken arch bar on 
this car, and had it placed on repair track 
w r here necessary repairs were made by 
applying a new arch bar. The close ob- 
servation of this Switchman is commend- 
able and appropriate entry will be made 
on his service record. 

On March 24, when 1st 94, in charge of 
Conductor A. Hodapp, was passing "CE" 
Cabin, Perry Kerr, operator, noticed brake 
beam down on P. F. E. 15247, and com- 
municated fact to the crew. Train was 
stopped at Culloms and brake beam re- 
moved. This, no doubt, averted derail- 
ment and appropriate entry has been made 
on Mr. Kerr's record. 

On March 6, Operator T. R. Scoopmire, 
working at Nebraska, discovered rail 
broken in main track near Kirschners, 
pole 50-30. Matter was promptly re- 
ported and section men notified and repairs 
made. The close observance of Operator 
Scoopmire is commendable and appropriate 
notation will be entered on his record. 

At 5.10 p. m., March 29, when Agent 
J. V. Huffington, Holton, was off duty, he 
noticed westbound block at east end of 

Holton passing track, also block at west 
end passing track, standing red. He im- 
mediately reported same to Dispatcher's 
office, and thus enabled prompt action in 
notifying Maintainer and preventing delay 
to trains. The interest manifested by 
Agent Huffington in returning to office 
shortly after this time is commendable. 
Appropriate entry will be made on his 

At Hayden, February 26, Conductor O. 
Hartman, in charge of extra 2653-2672, was 
in siding for extra 2695 west. As the latter 
train passed, Conductor Hartman discovered 
brakes sticking about middle of train. He 
at once communicated signal to westbound 
extra. Train was stopped at west switch 
at Hayden, and it was found that brake 
shoes were hot. This would probably have 
caused trouble before train had reached 
Seymour. The close inspection of train by 
Conductor Hartman is commendable, and 
appropriate entry has been made on his 
service record. 

On April 3, Lee Chaille, bridge carpenter, 
while working on bridge 71-36, "Musca- 
tatuck, " noticed brake beam down on 
extra 2924 west, about 8 cars from engine. 
He notified Conductor, who took brake beam 
off at North Vernon, possibly preventing 
an accident. Mr. Chaille has been com- 
mended for his close observance and interest 
displayed on behalf of the Company. 
Appropriate entry will be made on his 
service record. 

Toledo Division 

Cincinnati, March 22, 1920. 
C. C. Cason, Car Repairer, 
Storrs, Ohio. 
Dear Sir — On March 19 my attention 
was directed to G. A. T. X. car 13453, a 
tank car of gasoline, which had been found 

at Brighton New Yard by a number of 
employes, leaking very badly at drip pan 
pipe, and necessitating immediate action to 
prevent loss of contents. Your prompt 
action in removing your jumper and forcing 
same in the valve to stop the flow of the 
gasoline is very- commendable and I want, 
in this way, to convey to you my personal 
gratitude. I am glad to know that we 
have men of your calibre in the Terminals 
who have the interest of the Company in 
their work. 

Thanking you, I am 

Sincerely yours, 

(Signed) J. H. Meyers, 
Superintendent of Terminals. 

Ticket Clerk R. A. Thompson at Middle- 
town observed brake beam down on P. R. 
R. 271 1 1 in passing extra north 4181. By 
prompt action he succeeded in having 
train stopped at Carlisle, where trouble was 
corrected before accident occurred. Mr. 
Thompson has been commended for his 

Second trick operator at Miamisburg 
observed brake beam down on car in extra 
4552 north. He succeeded in flagging 
train and brake beam was removed, thus 
preventing possible accident. He has been 
commended for his observation. 

Third trick operator at Cairo discovered 
brake beam down on west side of Baltimore 
and Ohio 135453 while train was pulling by 
office. He notified crew, train was stopped 
and brake beam removed, thus preventing 
possible accident. His action has been 

Not 'Appily 

Minister: "But Hooligan, can't you 
live with your wife without fighting?" 

Hooligan: "No, sir, I can't. Least- 
ways not 'appily." — London Opinion. 

□ ' ' " - "fl- ° - r - ■ ■ » ft - - ° ° - — 
.»• uC! n JinmirmiiHU U "in O >' itg^J. ant c ninio c 'Mi L C f I^J.nii;. ':mO"i.- □■»■■■ T jiiiU'iniiiliiiiUi! nine 



BELIEVE in the United States of America as the 
government of the people, by the people, for the people; 
whose just powers are derived from the consent of the II 
•J governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign nation of U 

many sovereign states; a perfect union, one and inseparable; 
established upon those just principles of freedom, equality, 
justice and humanity for which American patriots sacri- | | 

ficed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my | j 

j [ duty to my country to love it; to support its constitution; 

to obey its laws; to respect its flag; and to defend it 

against all enemies. j § 






Office of Vice-President — Maintenance 
and Operation 

Correspondent H. H. Hartlove 
Chief Graphic Clerk 

Walter Spurrier has been transferred to 
the Traffic Department as secretary to Mr. 
Fries. W. L. Fowler has taken Walter's 
place in our office. 

M. J. Hitchcock is now secretary to 
W. W. Wood. 

Our "Billy" Doughaday leaves for the 
General . Freight Department but still 
retains his membership in several musical 
organizations — the Baltimore Opera So- 
ciety and the Baltimore and Ohio Glee 
Club. Music charms the savage breast; 
so civilization will now take an upward 
spurt. On with the song! Hark to the 
roar of lions! 

Miss Rawlings passes from the Pass 
Bureau to the General Claim Agent's 
office. Put in your claims fellers! The 
members of the Pass Bureau send best 
wishes for your continuous progress, Miss 
Martha, and so do I. Miss Albert takes 
Miss Rawlings' place in the Pass Bureau. 

If you want to know something about 
something, ask Miss Mercer. Ah, ha! 

George Sturmer, was elected honorary 
member of the Pittsburgh Division Vet- 
erans' Association and was to make a 
welfare speech at Hazelwood, Pa., on April 
12. By the time you get this Magazine 
his speech will be finished. Woof! Woof! 
P. S. — Mr. Sturmer's bunion is doing well 
as can be expected. 

Miss Virginia Smith solves the high cost 
of living problem by moving to Relay to 
join the vast employes' colony stationed 
there. Order your eggs early so the hens 
will not be compelled to "Relay" any. 

Elmer Ruddy will try out as pitcher on 
the Maryland Swimming Club's team in 
the Inter-Club League. Elmer is highly 
qualified for this position as he was No. i 
man on their tennis team recently. 

TION! What connection has swimming 
and tennis with baseball? To the exact 
solver of this problem will be given a solid 
silver ivory mounted tooth pick. Solvers 
are limited to 8,000 words and answers 
must be in my hands by April 1, 1920. 

R. P. Mackenzie offers a first class tennis 

racquet as he will not have daylight enough 
this year for following this elusive sport, 
owing to the change of policy (and of heart) 
of the Daylight Saving Commission. 

Lost — Alfred Wicneke became disat- 
tached from his gold banded fountain pen 
recently and had to write numerous letters 
to his best girl in pencil. 

Found — Frank Hermann strolled into 
Room 508 more recently and returned the 
above Alfred's aforesaid gold banded 
fountain pen, which "mightier than the 
sword" article he had borrowed surrep- 
titiously* to finish his voluminous corre- 

In conclusion let us all congratulate T. 
M. Bohanon — the reason is obvious! 

"Steamboat Doc." His arrangements 
make one dipply! Hark ye! Anyone de- 
siring to travel southward soonly will please 
consult Dr. Feezer, our steamboat agent 
extraordinaire. As it took him about three 
weeks to arrange a trip to Pensacola, 
Florida, for a pal of his'n, all folks wishing 
to travel by boat to Highlandtown, Md., 
should give "Steamboat Doc " ample time — 
say about one month for the preparatory 
ceremony, and implore the telephone com- 
pany to keep all wires open. 

* Foot Note. — Surreptitiously is used 
only in the sense of unauthorizedly and is 
not supposed to convey any other meaning. 

Offices of General Manager and Superin- 
tendent Motive Power 

Correspondent G. F. Zimmerman 

T. J. O'Connell is now stenographer, vice 
Miss Helen G. Guilford. 

Am reminded of the numerous trips 
recently by our friend Mr. Healy to New 
York City, which leads me to believe there 
is quite an attraction at that end of the line. 
It's all right, "Charlie," but don't forget to 
come back to Baltimore in time for work 
on Monday morning. 

Law Department 

Correspondent, George W. Haulenbeek 

The Income Tax 

This paragraph is not intended as a 
dissertation on the enormity of the income 
tax, but as a reference to my observations 
during the period in which returns were 
made. I never knew before there were so 
many young ladies in our big Baltimore and 
Ohio building; so many patriotic girls, so 
many bright and well behaved maidens. 

I had no trouble in having them sign in the 
proper place on their tax returns. It was 
the men, mainly, who persisted in signing 
on the wrong line; but the girls— well they 
were ju/;t aufait in every particular. 

My income tax week was strenuous 
indeed. It was a week freighted with 
generous financial results. If I had re- 
solved to devote my income during that 
week to foreign missions, every native of 
Scnegambia and the benighted Congo 
region could have revelled in a brand new 
red flannel shirt and a resplendent wrist 
watch. With every deposit in the Relief 
Savings Fund of the, accumulations, my 
friend Parkin Scott Browne, the receiving 
teller, was courteous and polite as usual, and 
my visits did not disturb his equanimity in 
the slightest; indeed I was made doubly 

Charles W. Galloway 

I am glad Mr. Galloway received his 
deserved promotion. In my address book 
I have made this note — 

Charles W. Galloway, promoted Vice-Pres- 
ident in Charge of Operation and Mainte- 
nance, March 1, IQ20. Began as Messenger 
Boy in August, 1883. 

This promotion I comment on, specially, 
because I have followed this gentleman's 
career since he entered our service, and if I 
can get our messenger lads interested to the 
extent of taking Mr. Galloway as a guide, I 
will feel that I have accomplished some- 

There is a trolley car conductor on the 
1700 line who always calls out "Baltimore 
and Ohio station," when his car crosses 
Mt. Royal Avenue. He is the only one who 
does it. 

There is a trainman on the Reading 
Railway who, when his train approaches 
W yne Junction and when calling out the 
changes to be made at that point, adds in a 
clear, distinct and rather stentorian tone, 
"and all points on the Baltimore and Ohio. " 
He is also a man after my own heart. 

One of the clerks in the Law Department, 
who is full of optimism, always declares to 
the young gentlemen of the building eleva- 
tors on inclement days that the sun will 
shine before the day is over. This is the 
verse he quotes — 

"This critical world is a pretty good place 
If you take all your woes with the vight 

kind of grace. 
And learn to find good in your sorrow and 


And to watch for the sunshine that follows 
the rain. " 

Misfortunes nevtir come singly, we have 
now lost one of our very best stenographers 
in the person of Melville Gemmill. He has 
taken the position o^secretary for W. F. 
Richardson, general freight agent. Mr. 
Gemmill has been in the Law Department 
for some little time. He served on the 
other side and made a good record. On 
his return from rainy France he settled down 
in his old place in the Law Department, 
and just as we were fully appreciating him, 
left for his new position. In filling the 
vacancy we ought to have some one equally 
as good as Mr. Gemmill, if that were possible. 
If a woman, a high school girl, but better 
still, a Goucher graduate. Nothing is too 
good for the Law Department. 

Car Service Department 

Correspondent, Grace Placede Berghoff 

One tranquil afternoon our Mildred and 
Henry (frequently referred to as Romeo 
and Juliet) were busy getting rid of some 
dead leaves. Henry, being an artist and 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

.Henry (Our Artist.} 

knowing something about most everything 
naturally drifted in the direction of Dryad, 
and, characteristic of one living within 
another world, was oblivious to his en- 
vironment when he was startled by the 
melodious voice of his sweetheart as she 
gracefully approached the conflagration, 

"My dear, look!" 

The angry fire had burnt the hedge and 
part of the hennery, causing a premature 
hatch. They were about to call the Fire 
Department of Arlington. However, Juliet 
immediately organized a bucket brigade 
and the fire was soon extinguished. After 
the excitement was over and Henry was 
affectionately admonished, the two saunt- 
ered toward the woodland, arm in arm, 
watching the long, sharp and stately 
shadows gradually disappear. 

The races are on! And Cupid played 
lucky "600. " Valetta Galloway and Grace 
Erdman are wearing the laurels. Our best 
wishes followed along with silver teaspoons. 
A Tip 

"Charlie" Bayn and "Joe" Neukum are 
about to head the next race. "Buck" is 
seething over with joy, making everybody 
think Victoria has said "Yes," while 
"Joby" is visiting all of the good furniture 

The accompanying picture shows our 
little "Shorty" wearing his new hand- 

iSee above note) 

painted tie. He has been elected to a 
higher office in the Warpoose Club. 

With the awakening of Spring, when the 
atmosphere was crisp and balmy, "Mack" 
and Lillian, George W. and "Cally" strolled 
in the beautiful Blue Ridge Mountains and 
spent part of the time with little Eva at 
the Summit. With them they brought 
back the glad news that she is rapidly 
improving. Arid some pictures, too! 

J. H. Bell, one of our genial traveling 
car agents, has returned to the service 
after a furlough to the Eastern Freight 
Inspection Bureau as General Car Inspector. 

Pauline Foster has returned to her duties 
after an operation for appendicitis. She 
will ever have pleasant reminiscences of 
the roses and carnations which filled her 
sick room with fragrance. 

The writer was handed a clipping recently 
showing the names of the Baltimore and 
Ohio Car Service Department baseball 
team. This aggregation of youngsters is 
anxious to go to the mat with all uniformed 
comers. The manager of this superlative 
composition of athletes is J. J. Neukum, 
Esq., who is emphatic in that all comers 
must wear uniforms. "Joe," as he is 
known from the first to the thirteenth floor 
of the Baltimore and Ohio Building, is a 
rooter from way back, and when on the 
coaching line at a critical moment he can 
coach with such pep to the square inch as to 
make the illustrious "Hughey" Jennings 
look like a piker. 

There are 22 players in all. The writer 
has not the space to eulogize each player, 
but with some practice and the pretty girls 
of this office to inspire them, they should 
pound the leather all over the garden. 
And when the foliage is beginning to change 
its complexion and the atmosphere becomes 
a tonic, we hope they will not only carry 
off the olive branch of peace but that they 
will win the championship. 

Office of General Freight Claim Agent 

Correspondent, Miss E. T. Murray 

We are glad to have with us again J. H. 
Eisenreich, of the Loss and Damage Divi- 
sion, who was confined to his home for six 
weeks with bronchial pneumonia and neu- 
ritis. Here's hoping for a continued im- 

A wedding of interest to the employes of 
our office took place on Wednesday, March 
24, at 4 o'clock, at Babcock Memorial 
Church, when Miss Helen E. Paulus, for- 
merly of the Loss and Damage Division, 
became the bride of Russell D. Welsh, of 
Pittsburgh. Immediately after the cere- 
mony the couple left for Jacksonville, Fla., 
and points south. Upon their return they 
will reside in Pittsburgh, where the groom is 
engaged in business. Our congratulations 
and very best wishes for a long and happy 
married life! 

We note that one of our investigators has 
purchased a Ford of the vintage of 1910 and 
that various adventurous trips are taken in 
same. We have heard of one down in Glen- 
burnie in which "C" was accompanied by a 
little dame. Apparently the car misbe- 
haved, for both found themselves stuck in 
the mud before they had proceeded very 
far. Since then we have heard that "C" 
spent considerable time at an auto school 
learning the intricacies of the management 
of a Ford and that now he is a skilled 
chauffeur. We must say, however, that, 
being strong for "Safety First," we would 
prefer walking to entrusting ourselves to 
his care. 

It doesn't matter much, after all, whether 
you go through life in a limousine or a 
jitney bus — it's what you have the eyes to 
see and the heart to enjoy along the way 
that makes the journey worth while. 

Knockers, naggers and bluffers belong to 
the same lodge and they meet in continuous 
session. They have no friends, their dues 
are high and there are no death benefits. 

Who would volunteer to be a member? 


Meet little Miss Margaret Talbott 
Travers in the accompanying picture, 
daughter of G. N. Travers of the O. S. & D. 
Division. Margaret is 9 months old and 
weighs 30 pounds and her "dad" is just 
about the proudest father in the Baltimore 
and Ohio Building. 

Concert Given by the General Freight Claim 

"How Dry I Am." Male chorus — leader, 
W. C. Bowhay; assistant, J. E. Tyson. 

"The Wild, Wild Women." "Bob" 
Townsend, assisted by J. C. Roberts. En- 
core number, "I Love the Ladies; They're 
All Sweeties to Me." 

"Lonesome for You, That's All." Miss 
S. P. McKee. (One day when "B" didn't 
appear on the scene.) 

Margaret Talbott Travers 

"My Heart is My Home." J. M. Wheeler. 

"Take Me to that Land of Jazz." Miss 
Edna Foster. 

"I Hear You Calling Me." Miss S. Morris. 
(Another bulletin or circular to be run off.) 

"Tell Me" (why everybody appears at 
8.30 nowadays). W. F. Aro. 

"Till We Meet Again" (after she leaves 
him on Childs' corner at 8.15 a. m.). Miss 
N. V. Moler. 

"It was my Last Cigar." By Male Quar- 
tette ? ? ? ? (Not while J. W. Schumacher 
is around.) 

"PAY DAY." Complete chorus, 200 
voices, male and female. 

Relief Department 

Correspondent, H. Irving Martin 

We are all glad to learn that Mrs. 
William M. Kennedy, wife of our Assistant 
Superintendent, is recovering her strength 
at her home after some weeks spent at the 
University Hospital. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Charles Comegys is about to return to 
us from the hospital after a short stay. We 
have missed his contagious smile and his 
cheery "all right. " ' 

"Brer" Parkin Scott is thinking of enter- 
ing his collection of old-time photos in the 
"Beauty Show" contest. Some of the 
boys don't recognize their faces when they 
look at themselves in these pictures. 

If Ariel would again propound his query: 
"Where, oh, where, can all this music be?" 
and would visit the homes of John Jaecklein 
and C. C. Lloyd, he would have no trouble 
in locating the source or sources of the 
sounds that charm the ear. One with a 
saxaphone, and one with a banjo; both 
together probably laying low to make a 
Friday night debut. Eh, what? 

"Sam" Griest tells us that his wife is 
recovering slowly. We are glad to hear it, 
but we have been wondering how "Sam" 
makes good on the "eats" without Mrs. G. 
on the job of supervising the cuisine. 
Some "eats" there when she is watching 
that end. We tasted them at Relay in 
the days when the Relief Department was 
anchored on the banks of the Patapsco. 
The memory lingers. The boys used to say 
that the "Griest" brand of soup was even 
better than that which mother used to make. 

J. Ernest Buckheimer, Jr. 
Three months old son of J. E. Buckheimer, 
Relief Department 

We have not previously recorded the 
existence of J. Ernest Buckheimer, Jr., but 
he is here and speaks for himself. He is a 
live, healthy chap and does everything 
except talk understandable English; how- 
ever, he'll grow. 

Elmer Wright presents his daughter, Irma, 
on this page. She is not "The Goose Girl " 
of the movie world, but a youngster who 
takes interest in the poultry side of the home 
farm and garden. Look out, you Freight 
Claim picture people; we are close on your 
heels when it comes to pictures of good- 
looking children. 

H. Webster Erdman, whose likeness we 
also reproduce, entered the service of the 
department at Relay in the Spring days of 
1900, and is now sitting on the threshold of 
the office of the Secretary of the Veterans' 
Association waiting for the time clock to 
record the finish of the 20 years of service 
that will qualify him for membership among 
"The Immortals." Webster isn't on the 
ball team now but keeps himself in condition 
by working on the lawn and by barbering 
the hedge. When you are out on Wood- 

land Avenue look him up and get a view of 
that new roof and fresh paint. 

"Willie" Schuppner has left an "aching 
void" in our memory which only time can 
heal. Luck to you, William, in your new 
job. If you are only as conscientious and 
faithful in your new work as you were here, 
nothing can check your upward climb. 

"Uncle Charlie" Pence (medical examiner 
at Philadelphia) reports that he is still 
interested in farming. Some day he will 
be known at the "Cote House" as the 
leading scientific farmer of the district. 
Sheep raising should be his money maker 
and we believe that he should devote all of 
his spare time to this phase of the stock- 
raising question. 

Engineering Department 
Correspondent, Oswald Eden 
The Editor regrets that the notes submitted 
by Mr. Eden for this issue have unfortunately 
been lost. This is particularly regretted 
because of the regularity with which the cor- 
respondent for this department contributes 
his monthly items, and we apologize. 

— Editor. 

Printing Department 

Correspondent, M. J. Conroy 

Rush! There is a. word we have met up 
with quite a good deal in our time and have 
always had a desire to have its meaning 
made clear. So I took down my trusty 
dictionary and drank in with avidity, as it 
were, this definition: 1 — To drive, push, or 
perform with violent haste; 2 — To move 
with tumultuous haste or violence. From 
the Anglo-Saxon "hriscan," to make a noise; 
from the the German "rauschen," rush. 
Well, it is very plain that the German war- 
riors now know that the boys in khaki knew 
what "rauschen" meant and consequently 
"moved with tumultuous haste" is quite 
clear and convincing. But we haven't been 
able to find a satisfactory explanation of the 
different degrees of relationship between 
a "Plain Rush," a "Big Rush," and a 
"Special Rush." My trusty friend John 
Hilleary came to the rescue with about as 
good a solution as could be found anywhere. 
He said they bear the same degree of rela- 
tionship one to the other as the word "good" 
does according to the rules of grammar in 
"good, gooder and goodest." That is, they 
look different and have a different sound, 
but they don't mean anything. Just like 
the rain drops that patter on the roof — 
just a noise and nothing more. 

Article Ten of the Fourteen Domestic 
Peace Points is still before the members of 
this chapel for solution. Not much prog- 
ress can be reported, as no compromise 
will be accepted. So it looks as though a 
state of war will still continue to exist 
despite the efforts of our chairman to bring 
the matter to a happy ending. The follow- 
ing are the sections that have caused much 
thought and long debate: (a) Flat irons, 
rolling pins and other instruments of war- 
fare shall be junked. (6) Relatives shall 
not be invited except by mutual consent of 
both powers, (c) The old man shall not 
hold out two bits on the 6th and the 21st 
and claim that he lost them, (d) Ports of 
entry shall be free — the wife shall not lock 
the front door and all the windows when the 
husband is out late. Then something hap- 
pened and the meeting broke up in great 
confusion. George Beccher arose and said: 
"Mr. Chairman, will the mourners be 
allowed to pass the bier at a funeral?" 

We bade "good-bye" in April to our quiet 
and efficient little stenographer, Miss Sarah 


Irma L., 

Daughter of Elmer P. Wright, Relief Department 

Dorsey, who left us for other fields of 
endeavor, and extend a cordial greeting to 
her successor, Miss Lena Rosenthal. 

Two of the six best cellars: 

George Yeagcr has five tons of coal 
stored away. Come on, Winter! 

"Gus" Reuter has several hundred bottles 
of home-made brew with a "kick" in it. In 
fact he believes they must contain an extra 
"kick" because when he opened one the 
contents hit the ceiling. Too many raisins, 

Hail and Farewell 

A real surprise was handed the mem- 
bers of this chapel on Thursday, April 15, as 
the day was slowly drawing to a close, in the 
form of the following announcement: 

"Effective April 16, L. Frey is ap- 
pointed Foreman, vice S. J. Girvin, resigned. 
I ask of you, one and all, your loyal support 
(and I feel sure it will be given) towards 
making his forctnanship a successful one, 
and I feel sure he will be fair and just to all. 
George R. Leilich, Manager." 

A few days after the above appoitOment 
was announced, the Lord placed additional 
responsibility upon Mr. Frey's shoulders by 
presenting him with a little bit of heaven in 
the person of a baby girl. Congratulations! 

H. W. Erdman, Relief Department 

4 6 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Hazel R. Hanson 

The accompanying picture is of Miss 
Hazel R. Hanson, the bright little daughter 
of James P. Hanson, of the Printing Depart- 
ment. Miss Hazel is very musical and 
helps "brighten the home with her selections 
on the piano. 

Purchasing Department 

Correspondent, S. J. O'Neil 

The accompanying photograph is of 
Authur Laupus, the 14 year old son of C. J. 
Laupus, accountant in the Lumber Agent's 
office. Authur is in the eighth grade, and 
will enter the Baltimore Polytechnic Insti- 
tute next fall. 

Telegraph Department 

Correspondent, Della M. Hain 

We compliment the Mt. Royal baseball 
clique on having a diamond on which to 
practice during lunch time. However, as 
such facility isn't to be had at Camden 
Station, our sportsmen have taken to 
shooting rabbits. Yes, we know rabbits 
aren't in season, but this poor animal 
came from the haunts of a ten cent store. 
It was unanimously agreed that there was 
only one sharpshooter in the party, as the 
rabbit was lucky enough to be hit only 

Don't "forget to remember" that by 
calling by number our telephone operators 
are enabled to give much more efficient 

Farmers are in abundance around here — - 
at least we presume that the fertilizer which 
has been bought in wholesale quantities 
means business. We expect that in the fall 
we can go out to Bishop's to a corn huskin' 

Position isn't everything in this life. 
When Supervisor of Time Service Donnelly 
curls up in his office chair we wonder if he 
is double jointed or — oh, you know, we 
just wonder how he does it; but, come to 
think of it, we might ask him. 

On Sunday, March 28, a severe wind 
storm, reaching the proportions of a cyclone, 
blew down a large number of our telegraph 
poles on the Chicago Division. We are 
glad to say, however, that wire service was 
quickly restored. 

Mr. J. S. Calvert, superintendent, Phila- 
delphia, and Mr. W. W. Olheiser, district 
plant superintendent, Pittsburgh, two 
Western Union officials, recently visited 
this office on business. 

And talking about gardens, etc., in the 
summer time, John E. Spurrier has been 
weeding all winter. He weeds wordy 

messages, carelessly written messages, 
messages without symbols, and messages 
in which code words should be used. His 
garden of properly written messages is 
growing, and the discarded weeds are 
proving to be less each succeeding month. 
This shows that the zeal of our gardener is 
bringing the results anticipated. 

When the second baseman of the Chicago 
team, in the Riverside Y. M. C. A. Member- 
ship Campaign, Miss Della Hain, went to 
the bat, the umpire called the game because 
she was clad in other than the regular 
uniform. He said that if Della, in harem 
skirt, struck a four bagger, she could not com- 
plete the run around the diamond before 
dark. So they called in a pinch hitter by 
the name of Donnelly, who took her place 
and brought in four home runs. 

Transportation Department 

Correspondent J. B. Egerton 

Our office can certainly boast of a porter 
who is a live wire when it comes to soliciting 
business for the Railroad. Six traffic men, 
representing various automobile concerns, 
came into the office one day and, while 
waiting for some information, casually 

Arthur Laupus 

remarked to our porter, George Swan, that 
they intended proceeding on their journey 
via a competiting line. George suggested 
their taking our No. 6, saying that he could 
easily arrange to have their baggage trans- 
ferred from Union Station to Mt. Royal. 
Being convinced that this was the better 
route and that it gave them a longer time 
in Baltimore, these gentlemen readily 
assented and the change was made to the 
satisfaction of all. This is but an example 
of the many suggestions of this kind that 
George gives to daily visitors at the office. 
Good work, George! 

When you see tombstones on the file 
desk do not become alarmed. It simply 
means that the file clerks take stock of their 
resources and make good use of everything. 
Acting upon the suggestions of a fellow 
worker they asked Mr. Loeblein to secure 
for them some chips from tombstones to be 
used as p'aper weights. No, George did 
not have to rob the cemetery; his father is 
of the firm of Loeblein Brothers Marble and 
Granite Works. 

Employes of the Transportation Department: 
Your former File Clerk and Correspondent 
wishes to express her gratefulness to each 
of her old friends and fellow-workers, both 
in the Transportation and Car Service 
Departments, for their many kindnesses to 
her during her recent illness. She thanks 
you for the beautiful gifts of fruit and 
flowers, for the sympathetic letters and 
cheer-up cards, for the handsome box of 
stationery, and, most of all, for the greatest 
of gifts — your prayers for her recovery. 
To have worked among those the strength 
of whose friendship, through prayer, is able 
to recall to life one who stands on the brink 
of eternity, is a privilege which few may 
enjoy. Because this blessing has been 
granted her, it will ever be remembered and 
appreciated by 

"Aunt Mary." 

Owing to the delay in obtaining the 
photograph of our deceased fellow-worker, 
Michael Joseph Shea, we are a little late in 
telling of his sudden death, which occurred 
on February 18. "Major," as he was 
known to us all, was born on December 22, 
1856. He entered the service of the Balti- 
more and Ohio in April, 1898, as clerk in 
the Agent's office at Locust Point. He 
came to the Transportation Department as 
clerk in July of the same year. "Major" 
was a familiar figure about the office and 
was well thought of by all who knew him. 
Shakespeare says "The evil that men do 
lives after them; the good is oft interred 
with their bones." Not so with "Major"; 
he will ever be remembered by our clerks 
because of his pleasant smiles and the little 
witticisms that he had for everybody. 

Valuation Department 

Correspondent, G. B. Saumenig 

We are all pleased to note the recovery of 
Mrs. G. W. White, Jr., wife of our historian. 

C. M. Wilkinson, assistant engineer, 
visited the office several days ago. We hope 
it will not be long before he returns to work. 

The Secretary to the Valuation Engineer, 
who is away for her health at Hot Springs, 
Ark., is recuperating. Mrs. Larmore, sten- 
ographer to Chief Draftsman, is holding 
down the Secretary's chair these days. 

L. C. Smart, accountant, has left us to 
gc into private business and our best wishes 
go with him. Let him do your moving 
and hauling. 

Mrs. F. H. Wilson, wife of Supervisor of 
Small Tools, who is away for her health, is 
recovering. This accounts for the smiles 
of F. H. and F. E. 

The late M. J. Shea, Transportation Department 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine • 


Our Hagerstown representative, M. S. 
Alvey, has entered the poetic field. His first 
effort in the Magazine is especially in- 
teresting to our department. 

Ode to the Abstractor 

We get up in the morning, and if it's not 
too late 

We walk down to the office and are there 

at half-past eight. 
We do not stay, however; there are deeds 

that we must get, 
And over to the Real Estate we trot 

through dry and wet. 
We come back to our tables feeling very 

much alive, 
But horrors! When we start to write those 

Forms 135! 
"What are the new instructions?" is the 

cry most every morn, 
On the writing of that complicated darned 

old D. V. Form. 
Last week we had to write one clause of 

construction cost, no doubt; 
But if the track is on our land, this week 

we take it out. 
And so it goes from day to day, and when 

our work is through, 
We'll have a fine instruction book, and will 

then know what to do. 

But this is not the worst of it, for there's 

another form, 
Which taxes our intelligence until our brains 

are worn. 

For these must have the cost of land upon 

their red-ruled faces, 
Areas and recording, all in their respective 


And when you come to column twelve 

there's a consideration 
Followed by a mark which shows the date 

of dedication. 
And if a little piece is sold, then we must 

write a thesis: 
"Cost shown in column eighteen is on an 

area basis. " 
Oh! the instructions and the arguments 

that are thrust vhrough our young heads, 
Until we get so darned balled up we wish 

that we were dead. 
And I hope that when I really die and, 

maybe, go to Heaven, 
I won't be made to write those sheets, 

Forms D. V. One-O-Seven. 

The cartoon of our friend James Garfield 
Russell of Equipment Pilot's force is true to 
life. What does the faraway look mean? 

Edward and Walter 
Fine boys of W. T. Ahrens, head clerk. Coupon 
Department, Office of Assistant Comptroller 

Is he thinking of machinery or other things? 
This is the work of E. B. Pearce, junior 
assistant pilot. • ■ - • ' 

Our friend Fuller steers clear of ladders in 
the Real Estate Department. Ask him 

On February 24 Mary Eulalia Pryor 
arrived, and G. H. Pryor, Jr., of the Cost 
Engineer's force, appears to be the happiest 
father of all. 

On March 13 there arrived in the Armour 
household, Eleanor Virginia. Our friend 
William seems especially happy these days. 
But why the mustache? 

James Garfield Russell 

Auditor Coal and Coke Receipts 

Correspondent, John Limpert 

If some of the young ladies of this office 
continue to develop, or spread, as they have 
been doing for the past year, the mirror 
which has been doing service in this office 
for quite a while, a puny 2x6x4 arrange- 
ment, will necessarily have to be relegated 
to the scrap heap and a broader one se- 
cured, as we notice these persons are having 
quite a time seeing all of themselves at one 
time in the present "looker." 

The old saying "What goes up must come- 
down," was literally demonstrated recently 
by "Will" Helm, who climbed a ladder in 
the office to put some records in the top of 
a case, and, having completed the job, just 
fell off said ladder. It's a good thing the 
floor is made of concrete, or a serious acci- 
dent might have happened. 

The accompanying picture is that of Miss 
Ida May Donovan, one of the^young buds 
of this office. Miss Donovan* is there in 
more ways than one, but when it comes 
down to beads and earrings, she is in a class 
all by herself. 

Miss Ida May Donovan 

Coincident with the general reorganiza- 
tion of the Road upon return to corporate 
management, March 1, one of the changes 
in the official family of the Accounting 
Department was the appointment of Walter 
B. Dudderar as Assistant Auditor Coal and 
Coke Receipts. 

Mr. Dudderar began railroading at the 
age of 19, when he became identified with 
the Western Maryland Railroad at Hillen 
Station, Baltimore, as Billing Clerk. After 
6 years with that road in various capacities 
he resigned to accept a position with this 
Company as Rate Clerk, since which time, 
by close application to work and a seemingly 
endless amount of energy, there is hardly 
a phase of the accounting end of the game 
with which he is not familiar. Further- 
more, there is no reason why the good work 
he has been performing as Chief Clerk, for 
the past 7 years, should not be carried on 
with wider scope, putting into practical 
use the knowledge stored up in his many 
years' grind through the miil. 

Mr. Dudderar's many friends, both in 
and out of the service, are glad to hear of 
his promotion and join the office force in 
extending congratulations and wishes for 
further success. As a further manifestation 
of their good will, a beautiful basket of 
flowers was presented him by the clerks of 
the office when the appointment was 

The following appointments were also 
made in the personal office force: F. B. 
Milnor, chief clerk; A. B. Scidenstricker, 
accountant; C. C. Rett berg, assistant 
chief clerk; J. L. Rcigle, assistant chief 
clerk; G. E. Pritchard, assistant chief 
clerk; J. Limper?(| secretary to Assistant 
Auditor; Miss M. Walter, secretary to 
Chief Clerk; G. D. Johnson, head clerk; W. 
H. Reichert, head clerk; A. R. Lehman, 
head clerk; F. L. Miller, head clerk; J. P. 
Williams, head clerk; M. L. Dell, head 
clerk. With the addition of O. R. Lutz, 
who remains secretary to the Auditor, this 
comprises the entire personal force. 

Auditor Merchandise Receipts 

Correspondent, P. H. Starklauf 

Some one has discovered the Super-fool 
who changed tires on a railroad crossing 
and nothing happened to him. Wonders 
never cease. Eighteen seconds is the time 
the average individual "takes a chance." 
In this same space of time a train moves a 
quarter of a mile and you think you are safe. 
Suppose rou stumble; suppose a thousand 
other things, and then maybe you're 
out o' luck. Do the safe thing first. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

May 30: Mt. Washington to Green 
Spring Avenue, Park Circle. Five miles. 

May 31, Decoration Day: All day trip 
with Washington Wanderlusters from Laurel. 
Meet at Camden Station in morning; time 
will be announced later; bring lunch. 

June 6: Windsor Hills to Gwynn Oak. 
Five miles. 

June 13: Great Falls, Washington. 
Meet at Georgetown, D. C, car barn, about 
11.00 a. m. 

June 20: Edmondson Avenue Bridge to 
Gwynn 's Falls Park. Four miles. 

June 27: Druid Hill Avenue entrance 
to Park to Woodberry. Four miles. 

The ball teams are active and we have 
some choice dates still open. 

Thanks to the kindness of John T. Brode- 
rick, superintendent Safety Department, 
and Dr. E. V. Milholland, chief medical 
examiner, who arranged for the new rest 
room in the Lexington Building, and C. S. 
Roberts, of the Tariff Bureau, in giving 
space from his office allotment, we now have 
an up to date and well equipped hospital, 
where our sick can get good care. While 
we are not anxious to use this room, yet it 
is good to know that we have been so well 
provided for. 

The first practice game of baseball re- 
sulted in a real battle ending in a 3-2 score. 
Although on the short end of the score, 
Manager Finn feels gratified at the pros- 
pects, and is confident that the team will 

Cartoonist Lynch's conception of "Special Delivery" at Pier 22, N. Y. 


Just "Our Harry" 

We are pleased to present Harry Doron, 
whose acquaintance extends considerably 
beyond the realm of this department. A 
fraternalist, good mixer and convincing 
speaker, he can reach some altitudinous 
heights at times. Did you ever hear of a 
volcano blowing its head off? Whew! you 
tell 'em. Well, that's Harry, who loves us 
all; just our Harry. 

"Eddie" Schneider, reconsignment clerk, 
has returned from a trip to the Pacific 
Coast, much wiser from his journey. 

Thoreau, a friend of the tall timber, who 
responded to the call of the wild and who 
said that nature is real and can't be camou- 
flaged, "traveled much in Concord." But 
suppose some one asked you if you had 
traveled much in Baltimore, what would 
your answer be? The average individual, 
male or female, needs sunshine and fresh air. 
Here are just a few hikes that may appeal 
to you for your Sunday afternoon stroll. 
Walks start about 2.15 p. m. 

May 16: Carney — a very beautiful cross- 
country trip. A long ride, so start early. 

May 23: Ellicott City, west end of 
bridge, to River Road, to Relay and Hale- 
thorpe. Nine miles. 

Flowers graced the desk of L. M. Grice on the 
morning he was made Assistant Auditor, 
Passengei Receipts 

Auditor Passenger Receipts 

Correspondent, George Eichxer 

When the bulletin revealed Louis M. 
Grice's name among those recently adopted 
into the official family, the best wishes of 
his clerks were expressed in the form of 
American beauty roses. Mr. Grice was 
greatly surprised and said that the flowers 
represented the good will prevalent, and 
that he hoped the same spirit would con- 
tinue in mutual efforts to make the office 
force a loyal unit of the system. 

G. W. Jentner was appointed Chief 
Clerk, with J. M. Finn, R. W. Morris and 
E. X. King, Assistant Chief Clerks, and 
A. O. White-home, accountant. 

make things lively for their opponents. A 
few open dates, which he is anxious to fill 
with teams along the road, still remain. 

George J. Germershauser has the best 
wishes of his former fellow clerks in his new 
position, as Clerk to City Ticket Agent. 

Corrections— Miss Rowena Lathron says 
she and Horace will not be married until 
the Fall, as he is still a wee bit nervous. 


Correspondent, Johx J. Duffy 

Here we have the squad of our rapid 
despatch messenger service: In the center 
is William Carey, otherwise known as 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


"Freckles." "Will" is one of the best 
impersonations of Mark Twain's immortal 
"Huckleberry Finn" ever. With red hair 
and a generous supply of freckles, his 
pleasant disposition has made him num- 
erous friends. From left to right are 
Raymond Hoagland, better known as 
"Hinges." "Ray" is the son of D. K. 
Hoagland, one' of our efficient tug boat 
captains, and is following very closely in 
his daddy's footsteps, by keeping in with 
the popular motto of the day: "Going Up. " 
Patrick Histon, known as the B. V. D. T. 
messenger, delivers the mail to and from 
the Brooklyn Eastern District Terminal 
Company, where he evidently received his 
nickname. Frank Dolan, known as the 
"Speed King," has a "rep" of covering 
ground like greased lightning. Frank is a 
nephew of Miss Helen Dolan of our Account- 
ing Department. Last, but not least, is 
Thomas Baccalini, who is the head of the 
department (if you don't believe it ask 
him). He is otherwise known as "The 
Macaroni Bender." "Tom" receives his 
orders from the Chief Clerk, and is there 
when it comes to carrying them out. 

A. G. Volp, Yardmaster, Staten Island Lines 
A Tip 

Have you met Miss Margaret G.? 
She's just as pretty as can be, 
With hair of brown and eyes so blue, 
That always twinkle and wink at you. 
That she is jolly you'll agree, 
Wit is hers in great degree, 
Here's a girl who is a "find," 
Take a tip, take Margaret's kind. 


Correspondent, G. F. Goolic 
Everyday Sayings of 295 Broadway 

Interline Department 

E. P. W. (10.30 a. m.): "Gee, I have to 
see what I have for lunch today." 

A. M. C: "Who wants a drink?" (Water.) 

M. A. L.: "Gee, 4.55; pack up, time to 
vacate. " 

"Rob." S.: "Whose dis?" 

"Art." R.: "Anna, do you still love me?" 

Rate Department 

Wm. B. (over the phone): "Yep, Yep." 

Hannah K. to "Tommy": "Aw, go wan, 
you Irish mick. " 

L. H. C: "Any express to be delivered 
today? " 

Miss Lillian Breidenbach and her three nieces 

Wm. W.: "Hello, Division Accountant?'' 
(Answer — "Wire busy.") "Darn it." 

E. B. G.: "Anna, I want a loan of your 
machine. " 

Anna: "Ask Mr. Range." 

Oh ! the Ladies 

Now down in our office are girlies, 
All sizes, all kinds, there you'll find; 

There are nice ones, there are fresh ones, 
and — Oh, what the dickens 
The use of my naming the kinds. 

There's one named Miss Aurich, a flippant 
young girl, 

Who can argue with you till your head's in 
a whirl: 

There's also Miss Gaynor, who calls you 
pet names, 

And winks pretty eyes that sure dazzle 
your brains. 

Then there's Miss O'Mara, who handles a 

That's too doggone large for a girl of her 

Miss B. is the girl with the real vampire 

She's fond of "Joe" Covell, who falls for 
her eyes. 

Then there's the "stenog" — gosh! I can't 
spell her name, 
But she sure can "typefight" and chew 
gum as fast. 
" Bill " Ivers is Sultan o'er our vast domain; 
And now I shall quit, for the main dope 
I've passed. 

' Here is Adrian Canlon, son of Hugh J. 
Canlon, employed as Inspector, Mainte- 
nance of Way Department. 

Adrian Canlon 

This attractive picture is of Miss Lillian 
Breidenbach and her three nieces. Lillian 
is employed as Clerk in Car Accountant's 
( tffice, Pier 6, St. George. Whenever Lillian 
is spoken to, she smiles, and she sure can 
"smile." This picture was taken at her 
home at Annadale, S. I. 

The fifth annual ball of the Staten Island 
Railroad Club was held at the Stapleton 
Club Rooms on Saturday evening, March 
20. This was the most successful ball the 
Railroad Club has ever held. The music, 
the best on the island, was furnished by 
Professor N. P. Vice, a former trainman of 
the S. I. R. T. Those serving on the com- 
mittee for arrangements were: B. F. 
Kelly, E. E. McKinley, H. W. Ordeman, 
G. J. Goolic and J. V. Costello. 

Miss M. Gaynor, clerk in Car Record 
office, has resigned to take up various 
duties in the kitchen. Her former position 
will be taken by Edward McBreen, of the 
Car Record office. 

The accompanying picture is of Trainman 
R. E. Decker, "Sheriff" as he is generally 
known, is some trainman. He has never 
missed a day and will soon become a Con- 
ductor if he keeps up the good work. 

Trainman R. E. Decker 

E. Goolickson is employed as stenog- 
rapher in Superintendent's office. 

The Auditor's office occupies a promi- 
nent space in the Magazine by announcing 
the engagement of Miss Gladys Journeay 
to Mr. Henry Mayor, a former employe at 
295 Broadway. W'. extend wishes. 

The office is looking forward to the 
announcements of Miss Lillian Hortense 
Connery and Miss Elizabeth Bridget 
Granem, two pretty stenographers of the 
Auditor's office. 

We now have the pleasure of working 
with Mr. James Thomas Roach, the 
(movie) star of Brooklyn. 


Correspondent, F. H. Carter, Secretary 
to Assistant Superintendent 

Locust Point 

Correspondent, E. S. Middleton 
The Baltimore and Ohio Junior baseball 
team has been organized at Locust Point 
with the following line up: "Johnnie" Sutton, 
Henry Prenger, "Hughie" McCall, "Billie" 
Sable, "Pete" Wolfe, "Gus" Leimbach. "Jack" 
Poe, "Billie" Seigel. "Tommie" Williamson. 



Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

This is "some" lineup and you will 
doubtless get good reports of their future 
activities. They would like to arrange 
games with strong uniformed teams; those 
having grounds that may be used when 
Oriole Park is not available are preferred. 
Application will be made for admission to 
the Baltimore and Ohio League. 

Alias "Pop" Anson. 

Mount Clare Shops 

Correspondent, Miss Mollie Albrecht • 
Secretary to Superintendent 

Miss Goetzinger and Miss Davis took a 
trip to Canada, over Washington's birthday, 
presumedly to see some of the beauty Nature 
has wrought, but as the dry law has not 
been enacted there yet, we are still waiting 
for an invitation to a "real party." 

Some time ago, Baker, one of our time- 
keepers, made a trip to Salisbury. On his 
way back, he changed cars at Wilmington, 
and there his watch left him. The accom- 
panying sketch is our cartoonist's version 
of how he lost it. 

Stores Department 

The clerks of our department, who have 
been working on inventory thre enights a 
week.'had a very pleasant surprise on March 
31, when Chief Clerk Harry E. Litchfield 
very thoughtfully presented a large box of 
chocolates to the ladies and a box of cigars 
to the men. 

_ In appreciation thereof, this was sent 

If this were tomorrow, 

Instead of today, 
We would have accused you 

Of April Fool's play. 
With chocolates for girlies, 

And cigars for men, 
You'll find us all saying, 

"Oh Night Work, Don't End." 

The Office Force. 

We have'talent at old Mt. Clare, 

In the Stores Department— 'tis hidden there. 

Mt. Clare knows him 

Wonderful voices, soft and low, 
Soprano, alto and deep basso. 
Pianists? Oh, yes, there are many 
Who play grand opera, in fact, any 
Kind of music — old or new, 
With technique perfect, clear and true. 
Cartoonists, who with stroke of pen, 
Draw human chickens, a bull or hen. 
The minstrel man is with us too, 
And funny stunts he sure can do. 
Maybe some day we'll let you see, 
In electric lights quite brilliantly, 
"A Revue of Music, fine and rare," 
Under the name of "STORES.MT.CLARE' 
If you do go to it and you'll get wise, 
Take it from me, you'll besurprised. — J.C. G 

"Oh, see the tall buildings ! 
Miss Fisher and Miss Heinekamp, two of our young 
ladies at Mt. Clare, visited New York recently. 
They came home with stiff necks. 

We are glad to welcome our new Store- 
keeper, Harry Shoemaker, and his family 
to his new home in Baltimore. Mr. Shoe- 
maker, who comes from Cincinnati, Ohio, 
is living at 1652 Ruxton Avenue, Walbrook. 



Correspondent W. H. Tarr, Superintendent's 
Office, Camden Station 
Assistant Correspondents 

H. A. Dietz „ 

Shop Clerk, East Side Shops. Philadelphia 
C. W. Hamilton... Clerk, Freight Office. Wilmington 
(Joint Philadelphia & Reading and Baltimore & Ohio) 

V J.Huegle Cash Clerk, Pier 22. Philadelphia 

E. A. Duffy. . . .Clerk to Freight Trainmaster, 

Camden Station, Baltimore 
N. E. Reese. .Passenger Conductor, West End, 

Camden Station 
H. H. Raymond . 

Cor luctor East Side Yard, Philadelphia 
Miss Ethel E. Stickley . 

Clerk. Transfer Shed. Brunswick 


Shop Clerk. Brunswick Shops, Brunswick 
W. S. Wilde.. Chief Clerk to Terminal 

Trainmaster, Philadelphia 
E. H. Ziegler. Special Representative. Freight 

Office. Hagerstown 

S. R. Bosley Clerk to Road Foreman of 

Engines. Riverside 

John O'Connor of Martinsburg, has 
accepted a position as Work Report Clerk 
in the General Foreman's office. 

W. L. Gamble, Car Foreman's office, has 
been appointed Assistant Chief Clerk, vice 
Mr. Moyer. 

G. F. White, formerly disposition clerk 
and night chief, has severed his connection 
with the Railroad and accepted a position 
with The J. G. Brill Company of Phila- 
delphia. J. C. Farr is holding down the 
night job in place of White. 

F. Brennan has been transferred from 
the Crew Dispatcher's office to Yard office. 

R. L. Gatchell, formerly of the L. P. 
Department, Superintendent's office, Bal- 
timore, has resumed duty with the Railroad 
as Yard Clerk. 

The positions of Day and Night Assistant 
Terminal Trainmasters have been re- 
established, with S. M. Hoy as assistant 
during the day and R. J. Woods as assistant 
at night. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

S 1 

Miss Edna Stickley and C. T. Harrington 

Correspondent R. E. Sigafoose, Bruns- 
wick Shops, gives us the accompanying 
photograph of Miss Edna Stickley and 
C. T. Harrington, clerks in the General 
Foreman's office. 

F. S. Bowman was reappointed Agent 
at Hagerstown, Md., effective March 5. 
Following is personnel of office force : J. T. 
Hartle, rate clerk; Charles E. Santman, 
cash clerk; H. R. Potter, claim clerk; J. H. 
Mullendore, yard clerk. 


L. F. Kirk, chief clerk to Terminal Train- 
master, has returned to duty after a siege 
of illness. Following are items of interest 
sent us by Mr. Kirk : 

J. D. Gallary, terminal trainmaster, and 
his force have moved from 24th and Chest- 
nut Streets Station to East Side, and have 
established headquarters on the second 
floor of the Yardmaster's building. 

E. H. Mover, formerly assistant chief 
clerk, has been assigned to the Agency at 
58th Street Freight Station. 

Wilmington Freight Office 

The end of the consolidation of the 
freight departments of the Baltimore and 
Ohio and the Reading at Wilmington came 
on April r. The freight business of the 
two roads handled at this point, as a unit, 
for the period of government control and 
under the supervision of Joint Agent E. B. 
Rittenhousc was highly satisfactory, both 
to the patrons of the roads and government 
and railroad officials. It has been the 
privilege of your correspondent to read 
several highly commendatory letters to 
Agent Rittenhousc from various railroad 
officials, notably of the Reading. Pictures 
have been taken of Wilmington head- 
quarters and employes of our Company, 
which, together with a picture of Agent 
Rittenhouse, will appear in an early number 
of our Magazine. 

Following the removal of the Reading 
employes from the offices of the Baltimore 
and Ohio at Wilmington, George W. 
Bumpus, city soliciting freight agent re- 
moved from former quarters to the Balti- 
more and Ohio freight office building at 

Left to right: John, Paul and Russell, sons of R. E. Eader, 
Supervisor, Washington Branch 

the foot of Market Street. Mr. Bumpus 
is pleased with the new location and the 
freight employes located here are glad to 
welcome him. 

A social event of note was the recent 
house party given to the joint office em- 
ployes by Mr. and Mrs. James S. Evans. 
Almost the entire force was in attendance. 
Dancing was greatly enjoyed. A delightful 
luncheon was served by the kind and genial 
host and hostess and their son, Edward. 
A feature of the evening was the fine exhibi- 
tion of hornpipe dancing and solo, by 
Edward Evans, which won an outburst of 
applause. Mr. J. S. Evans was chief clerk 
for the Reading in the consolidation until 
promoted to the Reading Montchanin, 
Delaware, Agency, lately. 

We were honored, recently, by a call 
from our President, Daniel Willard, with a 
company of officials. This call was made 
at our freight offices. It is certainly a 





D. M. Fisher, Sr., Freight Agent, Washington, D. C. 

Assistant Agent at Washington, D. C, 
C. R. Grimm and Grandchild 

great pleasure to report that he could and 
did heartily commend us for clean and neat 
surroundings, offices and grounds. That's 
good, Mr. Willard. Come again soon. 


Correspondent, W. L. Whiting 
Chief Clerk 
It is seldom that our good friend Frank 
Hanschumaker, who is now located at 
Philadelphia, pays us a visit that he fails 
to leave us feeling better for having shaken 
hands with him. On the occasion of his 
last visit he left a souvenir in the shape of 
an excellent snapshot of our Agent, D. M. 
Fisher, sitting on the chair of authority in 
his private office. This is a fine photo- 
graph of Agent Fisher, showing the welcome 
smile that is always visible, and we are glad 
to be able to send a copy to the Magazine. 

Our Assistant Agent, C. R. Grimm, is 
very proud of the home that he purchased 
through the Relief Department, and the 
accompanying photograph shows that he 
has good cause to be proud. His home is 
situated in a pleasant part of Parkersburg, 
W. Va., and his Saturday evening trip 
home has been something to look forward 
to with pleasure during the early days of 
the week. But perhaps a greater attraction 
than even the pleasant home was there to 
greet him on his arrival. This attraction is 
shown in the other photograph of the 
group, and indicates "Pop" Grimm holding 
fast to the "greatest baby on earth. " The 
pretty little round, plump face on the 
picture, full of health and fun, is assuredly 
something that a fond father can well be 
proud of, and a source of great happiness 
and joy to the devoted parents. 

In the March issue we suggested a 
ossibility of something of interest to 
report in accordance with the spring open- 
ing of the line of business conducted by that 
busy little fellow, "Dan" Cupid. Things 
progressed niore rapidly than were looked 
for at that time, and on Saturday, April 3, 
our Extension Clerk, R. W. Price, and Miss 
Ruth Warwick, were united in the holy 
bonds of matrimony by Rev. C. C. McLean. 

The wedding took place at the fashionable 
hour of "high noon," and the "newly-weds" 
started at once on an extended wedding 
trip through the Middle West, to visit 
Memphis, Carthage, Hot Springs an& other 
points, and finally to end the trip in the 
bridegroom's home at Jackson, Tenn. Our 

Home of Assistant Asent C. R. Grimm at 
Parkersburg, W. Va. 


very best wishes for their health and happi- 
ness go with the happy couple in their 
travels and on their return to Washington, 

D. C, a hearty welcome awaits them. 

We are glad to welcome Miss Hazel L. 
Bowen, who has been sick for several weeks, 
back to her desk again. We trust that her 
health will continue to improve and that 
she will soon regain her old time strength. 

To say that business is fine would be to 
put it mildly; it is simply great, and keeps 
us all on the hustle. No danger here of 
getting into mischief on account of having 
"idle hands. " 

There have been some changes in our 
office force lately; several have left us to 
seek other fields of usefulness, and others 
have come to take their places. J. C. 
Krieger, who was with us for several 
months, resigned recently, and Miss Ethel 
M. Irwin, C. M. Webb and W. O. Layton, 
have joined our forces. 

We extend a heart welcome to the new- 
comers, and hope to see them with us for a 
long time. 

Brunswick Transfer 

A meeting of the check clerks was held 
in the office W. E. Shannon, transfer agent, 
on March 10. Matters relating to proper 
checking of freight were discussed. These 
meetings produce good results. This is the 
first meeting held since return of the rail- 
roads to private ownership. Everyone 
present voiced his cooperation by the 
enthusiasm displayed. Other meetings will 
be held in which new matters will be dis- 
cussed in the interest of general work and 
welfare of the whole department. 

March was the biggest month in the 
handling of freight at the transfer shed for 
a long time. On some days, as many as 
126 cars were loaded out besides the trans- 
fers and work in the yard. Cars loaded 
lor the month were 2,300. This was brought 
about by cooperation. 



E. C. Drawbaugh, Division Operator 
R. G. Allamong, Secretary, Y. M. C. A. 
P. M. Pennington, Crossing Watchman 
Ruth M. Cheuvront, Office, Mechanical 


The following irregularities were detected 
by Operators on the division during the 

past month and prompt action taken to 


Nature of Observance No. of Cases 

Broken arch bars 1 

Brake rigging down 4 

Hopper bottoms down 3 

Hot car boxes 2 

Car doors insecure 1 

Broken spring hangers 1 

Broken train line 1 

Obstructions removed from track 1 

Total 14 

Four cars set off on above reports after 
examination was made. 

A. Gineran, watchman, who has swing 
turn from William to Frederick Streets, and 
who has been on the sick list'for a long time, 
is back on the job, working half time until 
he gets stronger. 

Walter House, extra gang foreman, has 
been laying new hundred pound rails from 
Frederick Street to Viaduct; also putting 
in new crossovers, switches, etc. 

Wilbur Hardy, foreman of Section 27, 
moved his tool box to the West End. That 
looks like business over there. 

South Cumberland Y. M. C. A. 
Sunday Services 

Every Sunday afternoon at 4.00 o'clock 
a service has been held in the auditorium. 
The religious director has been assisted by 
the ministers of the city. Some of the 
finest musical talent of the community has 
been utilized in making the meetings 
attractive; addresses have been delivered 
by ministers, lawyers, bankers and railroad 
workers. The attendance has been good. 
Father and Son Week 

During the month of February, seven 
meetings were held in the interest of the 
Father and Son idea. There was a different 
speaker for each evening. Special music by 
choirs and soloists made the meetings 

Address by E. V. Baugh 

The service on Sunday, March 28, was 
addressed by E. V. Baugh, superintendent 
Dining Car Department. The subject of 
his address was "The Square Deal." This 
was a practical and helpful message. The 
speaker made a strong plea for a square 
deal in the home and made it clear to every 
man present that his first duty as husband 
and father was to get himself right with 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

God. Give God a square deal and the joy 
and usefulness of our own lives will be 


The Y. M. C. A. has reorganized its 
baseball team for another season. Follow- 
ing are the names of the officers: C. 
Rowan, captain; C. Weaver, treasurer; H. 
F. Cole, field manager; C. F. Hare, business 

Stores Department 

Correspondent, Charles H. Sizer 

W. M. Hinkey, formerly Division Store- 
keeper at Cumberland, Md., has been 
appointed Superintendent of Company 
Materials, with headquarters at Baltimore, 
Md. He has been succeeded by C. A. 
Marshall, formerly General Foreman at 
Glenwood. We wish each success in his 
new position. 

N. B. Taylor, formerly O. & R. Clerk, 
Storekeeper's office, has been transferred 
to the Ticket Agent's office. We all wish 
him success. 

I fear that we are going to loose a good 
clerk, as I see our friend Margaret wearing 
a diamond on that fateful finger on her left 

Another love affair! Our Stenographer, 
Miss Hannah Love, has fallen in love with 
a certain gentleman by the name of Harry, 
who works in the Storekeeper's office, 
Keyser, W. Va. Well, we all wish them 


Correspondent, W. L. Stevens, Assistant 
Foreman Martinsburg, W. Va. 

The kindly stork smiled upon the home 
of Conductor Bruce Miles and left a bounc- 
ing baby boy. Did you see Bruce grin? 

Machinist James Dailey has resigned to 
take the sales agency of a Cleveland oil 

Bridge Helper D. H. Dodd has joined 
the "back to the farm" movement. May 
these young men win success in these new 
fields of endeavor. 

Mrs. Lydia D. Creak, wife of Engineer 
H. M. Creak, died at the City Hospital, 
this city, after an illness of several weeks, 
aged 61 years. A brief funeral service was 

Superintendent Thomas Stewart and some of the "boys. Taken when the new shops opened at Cumberland 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Conductor Lewis Hess 
Morgantown and Kingwood Branch 

held at the late home, 310 West Race 
Street, after which the remains were taken 
to Winchester, Virginia, and laid to rest 
in the Mount Hebron Cemetery. 

Joseph A. Welty, hostler at Cumbo, and 
Miss Mabel Morrison were recently married 
at the United Brethren parsonage in this 
city. The groom is a son of Car Repair- 
man John B. Welty. He spent several 
years in the army with the State Guard on 
the Mexican Border, and later in France. 
The young couple were given a nice recep- 
tion at the home of the groom's parents. 
After a wedding trip they will make their 
home with the father, John B. Welty. 

Timber Preserving Plant 

Correspondent E. E. Alexander 

All previous March records were broken 
at the plant this ycuir when we treated 
95,301 cross ties in addition to other mis- 
cellaneous material. Our best previous 
March record was 91,578, made in March, 
1 91 5. Only three hours' delav to treatment 
operations during the 31 day period ending 
April 1 established another record. 

Have you heard the news? Charles P. 
Houck and Miss Mildred Hamilton were 
• married at the Methodist Episcopal par- 
sonage at Oldtown, Md., by Rev. W. N. 
Michael, on Friday evening, April 2. Mr. 
James C. Newcomb of Cumberland and 
Miss Ida Hamilton, sister of the bride, were 
attendants. The groom is one of our effi- 
cient young Cumberland Division operators, 
who was for some time located at Green 
Spring, but who is now at Evitts Creek. 
The bride is the popular and estimable 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Hamilton, 
of North Branch. Good luck we wish for 
them through all the years to come. 

The home of Supervisor and Mrs. Alex- 
ander was the scene of an impromptu old- 
fashioned (and we . have been informed 
sticky) taffy party, April 23. Among those 
engaged in pulling were Mr. and Mrs. C. L. 
Kittle and daughter Carolyn, Mr. and Mrs. 
E. S. Crawford, Misses Mary Robinson, 
Edna Montgomery, Lucy and Georgie 
Gurtler, Alpha Moreland, May Teeters, 
Hazel Lenhart, Hazel Crabtree, Minnie 
Catlett, Elizabeth Sisler, Messrs. W. F. 
Kesler, H. M. Whitford, C. W. Short, G. R. 
Day. Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Alexander were 
"charges des affaires.' (Note — Supervisor 
and Mrs. Alexander were not invited, the 
former having been called to Cincinnati and 
the latter visiting relatives in Cumberland. 
Consequently the lid was off.) 

Second from the left is the late James W. R 

Mrs. G. W. Robinson and grandsons, 
Roy and Earl, accompanied by Mrs. C. W. 
Gurtler, spent a few days in the early part 
of the month visiting their daughter, Mrs. 
A. E. Irving at Holyoke Farm, Anne Arundel 
County. Mr. Irving was formerly truck 
gang foreman at the Plant. 

C. E. Tebby, treating inspector, Central 
Creosoting Co., Finney, Ohio, was a recent 
visitor at the Plant while on his vacation. 

Owing to the decrease in our tie receipts, 
R. Meeks and Roy Ambrose, two of our 
banner tie men, have been handling ties at 
Pittsburgh Wood Preserving Plant, at 
Adelaide, Pa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Roy Keister were the recip- 
ients of a rocker from the boys. Another 
wedding present. 

Stein Kowalski, one of our good tie men, 
who recently underwent an operation for 
appendicitis at the Allegheny Hospital, is 
again on the job and handling them faster 
than ever. 

Death has again visited us and this time 
called a young mother, Mrs. Eva Kenny, 
aged 23, wife of Patrick C. Kenny, March 
22, at the Allegheny Hospital at Cumber- 
land. Our heartfelt sympathy is extended 
to the bereaved husband and father. 


Correspondent H. B. Kight 

While cleaning between the tracks re- 
cently, James Alvaro was instantly killed by 
an engine in west yard. He is survived by 
a widow, three daughters and two sons. 
His son "Larry," weighmaster, is the one who 
sent the cartoon of the man and his daugh- 
ter astride a pocketbook, which appeared in 
the Magazine several months ago. 

Robert Frazier, brakeman, was recently 
taken to the Hoffman Hospital, badly in- 
jured by having been struck by an overhead 
bridge near Terra Alta. He is reported as 
doing nicely. 

Do you read Miss Margaret Talbott 
Stevens' contributions to the Magazine? 
If you don't, you should, because she always 
has something good, and they help to turn 
the dark clouds inside out; and show you 
their silven - linings. Miss Stevens has been 
ill for some time, but is reported now as on 
the road to recovery, and we hope that she 
may soon be herself again, and help to 
scatter sunshine and good fellowship among 
our big family, as she has in the past. 

The "Man with the Shovel," second from 
the left in the accompanying group picture, 
is the late James W. Riley, of Tunnelton, 
W. Va. Mr. Riley was born on February 
17, 1854. He first entered our service in 
June, 1873, and was one of those who helped 
to widen the grade from Rowclsburg to 
Newburg. He was known' to be ever faith- 
ful to his duties and was retired from service 
on August 1, 1919. His death occurred on 
March 3. 

Matthew Dowling, a Baltimore and Ohio 
pensioner and respected citizen of Western - 
port, died at his home on Tuesday, March 9, 
aged 78 years. Mr. Dowling was a veteran 
of ' he Civil War and had four sons in the late 
wai. The sympathy of our employes is 
extended to the bereaved family. 

John H. Mohler, retired, died at his home 
on Orchard Street, on Monday, March 6, 
after a prolonged illness. He leaves one 
brother, Conductor D.W. Mohlei : two sisters 
Mrs. Annie Kimes of Cumberland and Mrs. 
W. H. Jackson, of Keyser; two daughters, 
Mrs. M. E. Akers and Mrs. W. L. Harmon, 
of Keyser; and one son, William Mohler, of, 
Wheeling. Mr. Mohler belonged to Olive 
Branch Lodge No. 25, Knights of Pythias, 
of which he was a member for 40 ycaVfc. 

Some of the shop boys, inspired by a re- 
cent writeup in the Magazine regarding the 
Maryland Rifle Association, are anxious to 
form a similar rifle club here. We have 
some "crack" shots among them, and are 
anxious to see their club started. Any 
employe who is interested in such a club is 
welcome to come in and help get things 
moving. Leave your; v; name with the cor- 
respondent and we shall try to arrange for a 

Captain John Carr has been busy lately 
looking over and replenishing his fishing out-, 
fit. Don't be surprised to see him bringing 
in a big "catch" soon. 

The Keyser wreck train crew is to be 
commended for the pains taken in keeping 
their cars and equipment in the condition 
which they do. A visit to their cars, and 
especially their dining car, shows that they 
are interested in their work. The dining 
car has hot and cold running water, gas 
lights and on the walls are hung good pic- 
tures, pictures one would like to have in his 
home. The kitchen is equipped with a 
range, refrigerator, cupboards, etc., which 
makes one think he is in the kitchen of a 
hotel. A good supply of all kinds of canned 
goods, meats, potatoes, etc., is always on 
hand. Everything is spotlessly clean. The 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

tool car has large cupboards on each side of 
the aisle, with the name of the contents 
stencilled on each door. They have "a 
place for everything, and keep everything 
in its place." "Bill" Broome, old "Leather- 
neck Bill," has an office fitted up in one of 
the cars which is up-to-date in every par- 
ticular. His filing system, first aid kit 
desk, lighting, etc., are most complete. 

Here it is that he turns out his "copper 
plate" reports, written in a beautiful hand 
and containing all information required to 
make the reader see the wreck just as if he 
had been there. "Tom" Stanley, a genial 
good fellow, is in charge of the train as 
Wreckmaster, and Morgan Mcllwee has 
charge of the dining car. The fellows all 
say he is some cook. If you have a chance, 
have Morgan show you through the car. 
"You'd be surprised." 

"Joe" Heneke, formerly Chief Clerk to 
Assistant Master Mechanic Hodges, has 
been transferred to Connellsville. C. V. 
Welch, who has been located at Gassaway 
has been appointed Chief Clerk, vice Mr. 


S. M. DeHuff, Manager of Telegraph Office, 

Connellsville, Pa. 
J. J. Brady, Office of Division Accountant, 

Connellsville, Pa. 
Earl E. Shank, Office of Superintendent, 

Connellsville, Pa. 

On March 9, S. L. West, claim agent on 
the Connellsville Division, was transferred to 
the same position on the Pittsburgh Divi- 
sion. By his courtesy and geniality, Mr. 
West won a host of friends while on this 
division, all of whom are pleased at his 
deserved promotion. He has been suc- 
ceeded by O. P. Garrett. 

The continuous vigilance of railroad train 
crews was again demonstrated at Connells- 
ville on the night of March 13, when the 
yard crew of Conductor Welling, engine 
1 109, discovered an unknown intoxicated 
man prone across a track that was being 
shoved by their engine. But for the care 
and watchfulness of our men on this occa- 
sion one more serious railroad fatality 
would have occurred and another unfor- 
tunate would have gone to an untimely 
death unprepared. 

Miss Minnie Rottler and William Rush 
are new clerks in the Superintendent's 
office. We trust that they will remain with 
us for a while, as clerks come and go these 

days with such rapidity that we do not have 
time to form acquaintances. 

O. P. Moser, time clerk in the Master 
Mechanic's office, and Miss Anna Mary 
Colborn, of this city, were married on 
March 6. The happy young couple were 
taken to the Baltimore and Ohio station in 
a spring wagon by a number of their young 
friends, and it must have been some ride, 
for the happy -groom wrote from Southern 
Pines, N. C, that it was one thing that 
would remain in his memory forever. 

James J. O'Brien, chief electrician for the 
Connellsville Division for the past three 
years, died April 4 at his apartments at the 
home of F. R. Moon. The deceased was 
33 years old. He came to this station from 
Washington, D. C. He is survived by his 
wife and two children. Mr. O'Brien was 
known to the majority of railroad men at 
this place and his early death is sincerely 
mourned by all. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Homer Kearns, on 
March 12, a daughter, Betty Lorain. The 
proud father is Bill Clerk in the Master 
Mechanic's office. This is the first arrival. 

Master Mechanic F. W. Rhuark resigned 
March 13 to accept a position as Mechani- 
cal Superintendent of the Pittsburgh and 
West Virginia Railroad, with headquarters 
in Pittsburgh. Mr. Rhuark was engaged 
as Master Mechanic on this division for the 
past fourteen months and always enjoyed 
the respect and confidence of his entire 
force, who presented him with a fine gold 
w^atch on his departure. The following 
poem was written by one of the clerks at the 
roundhouse, W. C. Wyncoop: 
Goodbye, Mr. Rhuark, we hate to see you 

go, . 
For you have been a faithful man to this old 
B. & O. 

And we are so sorry that you are leaving 

It really is as sad a blow as 2)4, beer. 
But never mind, old scout, we sympathize, 
you know, 

For none of us can tell when we will leave 

the B. & O. 
We hear you are getting a watch and really 

hope it's so; 
But the only watch that we will get is when 

they watch us go! 

Announcement has been received here of 
the marriage of Miss Emma J. Grove, clerk 
in General Foreman's office, Somerset, and 
J. J. McMoil, of Pittsburgh. They will be 
at home after May 1 in the Linden apart- 
ments, Pittsburgh. 

V_ove roast be blind 

M. R. Powell has resigned as Chief Clerk 
in the Master Mechanic's office to accept a 
position with the Pittsburgh and West Vir- 
ginia Railroad Company at Pittsburgh. 
His departure has caused many expressions 
of regret, for during his stay here he has 
enjoyed a large number of friends, each of 
whom esteemed and respected him for his 
qualities of courtesy, consideration and 
frankness, as well as for his earnest efforts 
to assist those with whom he labored. 
Before his departure he was presented with 
a handsome gold watch and chain by the 
employes at the shops. 


Correspondent, E. N. Fairgrieve, Car 
Distributor, Office of General Superintendent 

Regret to learn of the death of the father 
of W. E. Mohler, chief clerk to the District 
Master Mechanic, which occurred at his 
home in Keyser, W. Va., during the latter 
part of March. We extend our sympathy. 

Homer Strome, formerly assistant chief 
clerk to Superintendent Gorsuch at Pitts- 
burgh, has severed his connection at this 
end of the line and removed to Garrett, 
Ind., there to become Chief Clerk to the 
Division Accountant. Mr. Strome was 
well liked by all with whom he came in 
contact, especially the fair sex, and his 
going away has saddened many a heart and 
caused many a teardrop among the ladies. 
When about to leave to take up his new 

W. H. Collins 

Terminal Road Foreman at Glenwood, and two friends, 
with big string of fish caught last year 

duties, Homer was presented with a silver 
pen and pencil by the employes of the office 
as a token of the esteem in which he Was 

We extend to Miss Kathryne Newman, 
telephone operator at Pittsburgh, our 
sympathy in the loss of her brother, who 
was taken by death during the latter part 
of March. 

Glad to welcome Miss Nan Maloney, 
another one of our nifty "Hello Girls" 
who has been absent for about three weeks 
nursing a sick one at home. 

Miss Terese O'Hare, another member of 
the switchboard, until recently on duty at 
Pittsburgh exchange, has been transferred 
to a similar position at Glenwood. Her 
voice sounds just the same — only a little 
farther away. 

Rudolph Walters, from West Newton, 
formerly employed in the Division En- 
gineer's office, has been transferred to the 
office of the Coal Freight Agent at Pitts- 
burgh. Good luck to you, "Rudy." 

Division Claim Agent G. J. Maisch has 
been transferred to Cleveland, Ohio. He 

Dodd, of the Valuation Department, Pittsburgh, Plunges 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Scene at Number One Tunnel and Wheeling Creek Bridge, Old Hempfield Railroad. Engine 1346, 
in charge of Engineer James Moiris and Conductor P. T. Ellery 

has been succeeded by H. L. West of Rock- 
wood, Pa. 

H. M. Grantham, who has held the 
agency at Butler for some time, has been 
transferred to Braddock. He has been 
succeeded by "Tommy" Stoops, who re- 
turns to Butler after a sojourn of many 
weeks in the Northern District, acting in 
the capacity of Relief Agent. 

Miss Spring, who announced her arrival 
some time ago, is doggone slow about 
getting here. 

Sure sign of Spring — a dusty carpet. Can 
you beat it? 

Valuation Department 

As Mr. Ballictt, the drafting room 
philosopher, says: "In the heppy peppy 
Springtime a young man's fancy lightly 
turns to thoughts of love," so it was with 
O. E. Dodd, otherwise known in the office 
as "Cap'n Dodd." A few months ago 
he swore allegiance to the band of women 
haters. Recently we were aware of draggy 
love songs being whistled with feeling, and 
of the whistler's purchasing sentimental 

LeRoy, Frank and "Billy" McMurtry 
(See Glenwood notes) 


Victrola records, but little did we suspect 
the truth until "Cap'n" announced that 
in the first week in April he would take 
unto himself a bride. If he makes as good 
a husband as we know him to be an abstrac- 
tor, he will be a model. The accompanying 
sketch is self-explanatory. 

Not so long ago, W. L. Nichols and J. D. 
Clark preceded "Cap'n" Dodd to the 
altar. Who's next? 

During the month of February, two of 
our employes were called to the Great 
Beyond: Miss Dorothy Folpe, clerk, and 
W. G. Fay, transitman. Pneumonia was 
the cause of both deaths. 

Well, boys, what do you say to a ball 
game or two this year between the benedicts 
and the young hopefuls? Years ago these 
classics used to be annual affairs at which 
we had barrels of fun. The games were 
exciting, and many comic situations loomed 
up, such as a fellow knocking the ball over 
the grandstand and dashing for second, and 
the hunt by the whole bunch, audience and 
all, through the tall and uncut weeds for the 
horsehide after some fellow's murderous 
wallop. Those were the good old days. 
Two or three contests of the same nature 
this year will sort of liven things up. 

Glenwood Shop 

Correspondent, Frank Rush, Shop Clerk 

Glenwood roundhouse Leap Year Com- 
mittee announces the engagement of Miss 
Ella Marshall and George Chillcott, both 
residents of Becks Run. The wedding will 

take place in June. Mr. Chillcott is em- 
ployed as repairman of speed recorders. 

"Kid" Merkel, who was boiler clerk in 
office of Master Mechanic, has been trans- 
ferring his "manpower" to a drill press 
in the machine shop. Ralph ought to be 
a good machinist for he "machined" a 
good deal when he took unto himself a 
better half — and outside of leap year, too. 

It was with great regret that we had to 
lose the services of our faithful and worthy 
Superintendent of Shops, J. Howe, for a 
month at least. Mr. Howe has been feel- 
ing poorly ever since he had the "flu" and 
was ordered by his doctor to take a month's 
vacation and go South. We all hope that 
the vacation will do him good and that 
when he returns he will be in good health. 

C. A. Marshall was recently transferred 
to Cumberland as Storekeeper at that loca- 
tion. The girls at Glenwood made up a 
little token for " Doc" and sent it to him at 

On February II, C. E. Wilson, boiler- 
maker, took unto himself a wife. She was 
Miss Geraldine Welsh. We wish both of 
them the best of success in their new field. 

"Dan" Cupid has just started in the office 
of the Superintendent of Shops. Miss 
Gillespie left our service on March 31 for 
matrimony. "Sam" Rock, brakeman, is 
the lucky man. 

Ralph Rodgers, of the blacksmith shop 
at Glenwood, and recently out of the U. S. 
Army, is doing as well for his country on 
this side of the water as he did on the other. 
A little over a year ago Ralph was released 
from service, whereupon he became a bene- 
dict. Now there is a youngster in the new 

'Mr. and Mrs. Charles M. Boyle are the 
proud parents of a boy. He must have 
come to stay, for the little girl told her 
mother "he has his clothes off." Charles 
McKinley Boyle, Junior's daddy, is a Brake- 
man on the P. & W. Buck Local. Our best 
wishes to Mrs. Boyle and junior "Charlie." 

G. H. Burgraf, roundhouse clerk on the 
second trick, has been transferred to the 
office of the District Superintendent Main- 
tenance of Equipment, Pittsburgh, where 
he will have charge of the boiler reports. 
He succeeds H. M. Davenport, who now is 
man hour clerk at Glenwood. » 

We were sorry to learn of the sudden 
death of the father of Gang Leader Charles 

Barnes, which occurred on March 9. Mr. 
Barnes was Watchman on the P. & L. E. 
He was struck by a moving train and killed 
instantly. The sympathy of all Glenwood 
employes is extended to members of his 

Born to Mrs. H. C. Barnett, wife of 
Machinist Helper, a 10 pound baby. 
Both baby and mother are doing well. 

This picture is of the children of Painter 
Foreman William McMurtry: LeRoy, age 8, 
Frank, age 5, and William, Jr., age 2. 
"Mic, " as he is known about the shops, 
was with the American Locomotive Com- 
pany prior to coming with the Railroad, in 
charge of the painting gang. Mr. Mc- 
Murtry entered our service August, 1 9 1 9, 
and is well-known and liked. 


Correspondent, M. W. Jones 
Secretary to Superintendent, Weston, W. Va. 

Nothing has been heard of the Charleston 
Division in the Magazine for some ttfne. 
Naturally, we suppose a number of our 
friends have the idea that we have ceased 
to exist. Far be it from so. This is to 
notify all and sundry that we hereby de- 
mand "our place in the sun," and intend 
to take it. 

In December last, the headquarters of the 
Charleston Division were moved from 
Gassaway, W. Va., tc^Veston, W. Va., to 
the great joy of all of us, especially those 
who were seeking houses and could not 
find tljem. Weston is a lively little West 
Virginia business town of some 7,000 
people, not counting us and our families. 
We make quite an addition to the popula- 
tion, and we are now all nicely settled and 
have become real " Westonites. " Wc have 
located in Weston the offices of the Super- 
intendent, Division Engineer, Division 
Accountant, Chief Train Dispatcher, Master 
Carpenter, Trainmaster West Virginia and 
Pittsburgh District, and Road Foreman of 
Engines. Many of our number, especially 
the ladies, left fond recollections behind 
them in Gassaway, but judging from 
appearances, when we take a. walk on the 
highways and byways of Weston, and when 
we go to the movies (we have 2 here — count 
'em, 2) it seems to us that it is a case of 
"out of sight, out of mind" so far as any 
one left behind in Gassaway is concerned. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

The only offices now remaining there are 
those of the Assistant Superintendent, 
Trainmaster and Road Foreman of the Elk 

C. L. West having given up the post of 
Chief Dispatcher, John T. Staples, ist trick 
Weston, has been appointed in his place. 
John has been in the service of the Company 
more years than he will admit, principally 
on the West Virginia District. Now that 
he has an official job, we think that a " Mrs. 
Chief Dispatcher" would add to the dig- 
nity of the position. 

C. M. Criswell, freight cairn representa- 
tive, and J. P. Ryan, agent at Weston, 
represented us at a claim meeting of Balti- 
more and Ohio and K. & M. employes and 
shippers of Charleston, held in the K. & M. 
R. R. freight offices at Charleston, W. Va., 
April 15. The meeting was in the interest 
of claim prevention. 

A meeting of the Division Staff was held 
in Weston, April 16, Superintendent Trap- 
nell presiding. All members of the Divi- 
sion Supervising force were present. 

Has any one heard anything of car miles 
lately? Ask "Charlie" Dixon, our car dis- 
tributor. We were just well started on 
our campaign to show you other divisions 
what we could do, when, like a bolt from 
the blue sky, the strike struck us. We have 
had to postpone our activities a little, but 
wait and see what we will do to you when 
conditions again become normal. Did you 
read the letter Mr. Ennes wrote in the last 
number of the Magazine? We did, and 

we thought it so fine that we sent a bulletin 
broadcast over the division telling every- 
one to get a copy of the Magazine and 
read it. We are after car miles. We 
mean to get them, too. 

The question of reviving the old system 
ball teams is up for consideration. We are 
with it, and in fact our ball park at Gassa- 
way is already being fixed up. For this 
division, W. H. Schide, chief clerk; J. C. 
Kinton, assistant superintendent, and Relief 
Agent J. M. Davis, have been appointed as 
a committee to make things hum. You 
will hear more from us and get our chal- 
lenges when we are ready to get to work. 

The following changes and promotions 
have taken place: Samuel Strachan, of 
Baltimore offices, appointed Division Freight 
Agent at Charleston, vice S. J. Lamoreux; 
F. H. Remalay appointed Storekeeper at 
Gassaway, vice H. C. Miller, promoted to 
same position at Grafton; H. A. Hayes 
appointed Shop Clerk in Master Mechanic's 
office, vice J. M. Cracraft, resigned; F. A. 
Baldringer, former Assistant Master Me- 
chanic at Holloway appointed Master 
Mechanic at Gassaway, vice O. B. Street, 
resigned; W. J. Dixon, former General 
Foreman at Weston appointed Assistant 
Master Mechanic at Holloway, vice F. A. 
Baldringer, promoted; 0. J. Kelley, ap- 
pointed General Foreman at Weston, vice 
W. J. Dixon, promoted; Kenneth Leeson, 
of Parkersburg, appointed File Clerk, vice 
Miss Helen Lloyd, resigned; Miss B. 
Tierney, of Weston, appointed - L. P. I 
Clerk, vice R. Baker, resigned; Miss Hoke 

appointed Trainmaster's Clerk, vice Miss 
Juanita Lockhart, transferred to Fairmont; 
O. C. Lehmer appointed Agent at Blue 
Creek, Elk Line; E. M. Caperuse, of Coal 
& Coke R'y, at Elkins, appointed Agent at 
Centralia, Gauley Line; J. M. Davis 
appointed Agent at Gassaway, vice N. 
Rexroad, appointed Agent at Allingdale; 
J. N. Godman appointed Captain of Police 
Department, vice C. E. Stanley, resigned. 

J. P. Ryan, our popular agent at Weston, 
has just recovered from a serious attack of 
typhoid fever. His smiles were missed by 
the public at large, and by his fellow em- 
ployes in particular. 

Superintendent Trapnell has just re- 
turned from a 2 weeks' trip to Florida, 
where he met many old friends, and reports 
having spent a most enjoyable vacation. 
His appearance on his return to Weston 
makes us wish we could go down there 
"where the grape fruit grows" for a couple 
of weeks' trip also. 

Has anyone seen Boyer? You know 
who I mean. W. C. Boyer, the able 
representative of Mr. Egan, on this division. 
When last seen, he was walking on the 
track, miles from home, looking for sparks 
said to have been dropped by an engine 
about a week ago between Orlando and 
Roanville. We hear he had found a few 
of them when last seen. 

The division offices here have recently 
been re-painted and generally cleaned up. 
When you come to visit us, you will see 
real offices. As a ' matter of fact, our 
friends in Baltimore had better look to 


Front row, left to right: M. Stevens, car foreman, Holloway; F. M. Garber, general cir forman, Benwood; F. Baldinger, master mechanic, Holloway; C. E. McGann, 
division master mechanic, Benwood; "Matt" Walsh, road foreman engineer, Benwood; "Nick" Hoffman, car foreman, Brooklyn Junction. - *"* 

Second row: T. H. Bonsell, master mechanic, Brooklyn Junction; Robert Nolan, machine shop foreman, Benwood ; Paul Riedle, blacksmith foreman, Benwood; "Dave" 
Hull, erecting shop foreman, Benwood; C. F. Kunze, car foreman, Bridgeport; O. F. Stoneburner, tank foreman, Benwood; A. J. Kettlewell, car foreman, Benwood; Henry 
Haberfield, air brake foreman, Benwood. 

Back row: "Joe" Diebald, electrical foreman, Benwood; "Jerry" Donovan, roundhouse foreman, Benwood; Edward Eberle, pipe fitting foreman, Benwcod; J. H. Duffy, 
neral foreman, Benwood; R. Lough, labor foreman, Benwood; W. E. McCombs, painter foreman , Benwood. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Benwood Shop Employes 
Left to right: T. J. Shaw, F. Sigler, J. H. Jones, H. L. Knapp, R. Orum 

Benwood Shop Employes 
Top row: T. J. Cooper, G. N. Miller, F. Finnegan 
Lower row: H. Muldrew, L. Heil 

their laurels from the standpoint of appear- 
ance. The Charleston Division serves 
notice that it is on the map and time-table 
of the Railroad in big letters, and will be 
heard from ere long. 

We have just had our Spring "house- 
cleaning" on the division. The "scrap" 
train was on the line for about a week. 
Practically all our division officers accom- 
panied this train, looking after their several 
interests, and seeing that nothing of any 
value was left lying around. As a con- 
sequence, the whole division now bears a 
striking resemblance to your house and 
mine after the good wife has finished her 
Spring cleaning. Any one who wants to 
see a real Railroad is invited to visit the 
Charleston Division. Division Engineer 
Brooke was everywhere like a "cat after a 
mouse." His section foremen claim he can 
"smell" a piece of scrap a mile away. 
Relief Agent Marshall can see surplus 
stationery through the walls of the cases, 
while Division Accountant Severns and 
Chief Clerk Schide can tell you where every 
hotel on the division where there are any 
"eats" is, and they can find it with their 
eyes shut. 

Every one here knows S. W. Pickens, 
fhe Superintendent's Assistant Chief Clerk. 
We have wondered of late why he wore such 
a solemn air, and why he was apparently 
carrying the cares of the world on his 
shoulders. Murder will out. "Pick" has 
been dabbling in the real estate business. 
He has taken unto himself a house and 
expects to move in shortly. 

We understand that Miss Sylvia Miller, 
stenographer to the Car Distributor, is 
leaving us. She says she has another job 
and a better one at that, somewhere near 
Kenova. We can't imagine any one 
thinking that part of the State more de- 
sirable than Weston, even for more money, 
and we have our own ideas as to the real 
cause of her leaving us. 

On April 15 a large and enthusiastic 
meeting of the Charleston Division Safety 
Committee was held in the Superinten- 
dent's office at Weston. We had practi- 
cally all our division officers present and 
representatives from all departments to the 
number of 25. Safety is a matter of great 
interest on this division, and we are working 
for it all the time. 


Correspondent, A. N. Gaxtzer 
Benwood Shop 

Correspondent, Angela Applegate 
Thomas A. Edison has nothing on our 
old friend J. A. De Bolt. Wearing a happy 

smile and dressed in his Sunday best, "Joe" 
recently arrived with the announcement 
that on the morning of April 1, a second 
Thomas A. Edison arrived at his home. 
The cigars and candy were duly passed 
around. "Joe" will soon be seen pushing a 
new buggy, which he is going to buy with 
the bands of the cigars which he distributed. 

George W. Selwood, car foreman at the 
Wheeling Coach Yards, has been granted a 
leave of absence on account of his health. 
He will spend it in Florida. Best wishes 
for your speedy improvement, George. 

"Dan" Wilson, of the Paint Department, 
has fallen a victim to Cupid's arrow. On 
April 1, he and Miss Keller, of Boggs Run, 
were quietly married. Congratulations. 

One of the most popular young men of 
the Eastern Lines is Thomas H. Hollen, 
master car builder, West Virginia District. 
The number of friends that he has made in 
this territory speaks well for the manner in 
which he is handling business. 

W. J. Dixon, former general foreman at 
Weston, has been promoted to Assistant 
Master Mechanic at Holloway, vice F. A. 
Baldringer, now Master Mechanic at 
Gassaway. Sincere good wishes to both. 

New Martinsville, one of the busiest 
stations on the Wheeling Division, and one 
which is alwavs neat and tidy, has a slogan : 
Martinsville lives up to its slogan. Train- 
master J. W. Bull has been given much 
credit for the fine performance at that 

Although there were a sufficient number 
of chairs in the Master Mechanic's office 
on March 27, a certain young man insisted 
on standing up all day. The news finally 
leaked out that "Bill" had joined the Elks 
at Moundsville on the night before. 

It was a lucky day for August, the pho- 
tographer, when he visited us, as all of the 
supervising officers from Benwood and out- 
lying points had gathered at Mr. McGann's 
office for a parley. The photograph on the 
opposite page shows them. 

It would not do to tell too much about 
the occasion when "Nick" Hoffman chased 
the bull from Brooklyn Junction to Proctor. 
Nor would it be wise to talk too much about 
Zanesville. However, they are all first 
rate fellows and we like to work with them. 

The young ladies decided that the best 
looking man in the picture is Mr. McGann, 
with "Stoney" as a close second. Mr. 
McGann is a promising bachelor, while 
"Stoney" has a wife and nine. We vote 
for "Stoney" on looks, but not on his ability 
to hide brake beams in the arch brick shed. 

Now, we hate like thunder to say this, 
bcin's we work for Mr. Garbcr, but we 
heard that the Mail Pouch people paid him 
for getting into the picture. 

Mr. Bonsall's position, as we sec it here, 
is like his pleasing personality — it stands 
out prominently. The writer is not per- 
sonally acquainted with Mr. Baldringer, 
but the photographer, who works Holloway 
now and then, predicts big things for him. 

Somebody asked why A. J. Kettlewell's 
face shows so dark in the picture. "Cat" 
says he was the only foreman who had done 
any work that day. 

We would like to have had in this group 
the face of our old General Foreman, H. 
J. Burklcy, who has been recently made 
Master Mechanic at Connellsville, but we 
c». show you his successor, Mr. Duffy. 
Mr. Duffy has promised to have our office 
cleaned up some day, and that, at least, is 
a good beginning. 

Visitors from other points are always 
made welcome at Benwood by this " bunch " 
of Mr. McGann's and "Mac " is-glad to have 
the "bunch " perform at any time. 



Correspondent, Joseph Beel, Chief Clerk to 
Superintendent of Terminals 

C. P. Burrus, supervising agent in the 
Terminals, left on April 15 for Springfield, 
111., to become Cqmmereial Agent for the 
Company at that point. Mr. Burrus has 
left many staunch friends, who wish him 
every success in his r nv position. 

The old adage, "Ttfo can live as cheaply 
as one," seems to be an inspiration to the 
yard clerks in the Cincinnati Terminals, 
particularly at Stock Yards, for it has 
leaked out that Earl Schindler is about to 
set sail on the 1 " Sea of Matrimony." 

We are all glad to sec "Pete" Furey 
back on the job after being off a month on 
account of sickness. 

It is understood that the new oil special 
is causing our genial Assistant Trainmaster 
a great deal of anxiety.' 

Walter H. Bachmann, file clerk in the 
Superintendent's office, has left our midst 
to become Rate Clerk in the local Freight 
office. We all miss you, Walter, but here's 
wishing you luck. 

Everybody at Ivorydale is wondering 
just who the young lady from St. Bernard 
is who declared that she was going to set 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Two "Freds" and their better halves 

her eye on George Stappe as a Leap Year 
possibility. Who is she, George? 

Since Elmer Pabst is back on day work, 
we know there is joy in the hearts of many 
young ladies in the vicinity of Westwood, 
for, as Elmer puts it himself, "he is surely 
a demon with the ladies. " When he is not 
holding down a chair in the parlor, he is 
occupying space in some other fellow's 
"Marmon." How do you do it? 

John Jordan, one of our car repairers, got 
a so-called "hot tip" from Frank Smith, 
another one of our box car surgeons (the 
kind he usually puts out), and John im- 
mediately hocked his sewing machine to 
bet on the horse. Out of 9 entries John's 
horse ran ninth, which was pretty good, 
considering who picked it. 

Of course, this is no concern of ours, but 
we do not think that the Cumminsville 
barber ought to embarrass any of our 
Railroad family. Some one said Albert 
Booth went into said shop and requested a 
shave. The barber said, "What are you 
doing, kidding me? All you need is your 
face washed. You cannot get that blush 
off, it is natural. " 

"Tommie" Moon, of the Storrs repair 
track, asked that the following sign be put 
up. "Say, the ?###:/*-**/. . whoever 
stole my lock can have the keys by calling 
at the office. " 

Sure signs of Spring: "Doc" Cook's 1900 
model straw hat has again put in its ap- 

Miss Clara Schulte, stenographer in the 
Superintendent's office, now has an "excuse 
for traveling" located in Akron, Ohio, and 
she certainly is taking advantage of it. 

The two "Freds," Oehlschlaeger and 
Kirchner, of the Superintendent's office, re- 
cently took in the sights of Dayton. Our 
Dayton correspondent advises that he 
understood when they visited the Soldiers' 
Home, one, we do not know which, was 
asked for credentials. We cannot agree, 
as we do not think either of them look like 
veterans of the war of '61, but maybe they 
do when they are away from home. The 
attached was taken on this memorable 
day. Reading from left to right: Mrs. 
F. Oehlschlaeger, "Fred" Kirchner, Mrs. 
' ' Fred ' ' Kirchner and ' ' Fred ' ' Oehlschlaeger. 

Here is a picture of Car Juggler Robert 
Jennings at a promising young age, which, 
as the Bard of Mill Creek has sung below, 
shows what may happen to us in later life: 
Herewith a picture of a bright little boy, 

Taken, we judge, at the young age of four; 
Which shows that a boy, though bright and 
so coy 

Can turn out to be Car Distributor. 

— By Brethonse. 

John Julian Johnson 

"Car Juggler" Jennings — "Ac you were" 

"Joe" O'Donnell recently made a hurry- 
up trip to Marion, Ohio, and while there 
made a few negotiations, the extent of 
which he has not made known. We know, 
however, that "Joe" will spring another 
surprise. "Bob" Jennings said he bought 
a post hole factory. There may be some- 
thing to this, as "Fred" O. was trying to 
buy some post holes the other day. 

It looks as though "Al" Vonderheide, 
the well-known rate clerk at Ivorydale, 
must have received a Leap Year proposal, 
if we are to judge from the way he has been 
watching the bridal ring advertisements 
lately. How about it, "Al"? 

"Mose," the caller at Stock Yards, re- 
cently took a flier in steel and Covington 
is expecting any day to have a new business 
man added to its commercial family. 

We want our readers to have a glimpse 
at the John Julian Johnson smile, which 
constantly illuminates the Storrs Yard 
office. Some smile, we think! The other 
picture is of Jasper J. Johnson, who takes 
good care of all the icing at Storrs. Next 
picture will introduce the famous Car Inspec- 
tors of Storrs, John and David Streiten- 
berger, who see that the rip track is more 
than filled each day. 

The Rekop Club held its annual "Who 
is Who" election at the Toledo Division 

W7 i 

John and David Streitenberger 

local office on April 5, with the following 
clerks named winners: Prettiest girl, Lucille 
Baumgartner; most popular girl, Sue El- 
mere ; best dancer, Mildred McGinn ; hand- 
somest man, Stanley Beck; most popular 
man, Frank Ruwe; best dancer, Irwin 

Heard at the Rekop Club 

John Crowe — "I never hear that saying, 
'Wine, women and song,' any more." 

"Bill" Dean — "No; now they say, 
'Near beer, chicken and jazz.'" 

"Tommie" Hilton, machine operator, 
appeared at work a few days ago with a 
beautifully discolored left lamp. "Tom" 
says he couldn't lick all 12 of them. 

A new member has been added to the 
Maintenance of Way force, Miss Bertha 
Goetz, who is a very jolly and likeable girl. 

Speaking of Beau Brummels, what do 
you say about Frank, the boy with the 
beautiful hair, working on the third trick 
at Elmwood? 

"Charlie" Gest and George Ford, of Storrs, 
are holding an eating contest every day at 
noon hour. 



A. C. Harris, Assistant Chief Clenk to Super- 
intendent, New Castle, Pa. 
P. W. Adams, Telegraph Operator 
O. C. Bedell, Telegraph Operator 

L. H. Browning, now Agent at Wooster, 
Ohio, expects to take over the agency at 
Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, because of the 
dissolution of the consolidated agency with 
the Pennsylvania Company at that point. 
As usual in such cases, there will be con- 
siderable work necessary to restore the 
business to the former standard, but Mr. 
Browning and force are fully capable of 
performing this feat. 

Jasper J. Johnson 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Switch Crew at Millersburg, Ohio 
Back row, left torisht : Shafer, conductor; Jackson, 
engineer; Jenkins, fireman. Front row: Victor and 
Butler, brakemen 

Agent G. W. Taylor is busy getting his 
Summer work clothes ready for service and 
overhauling the machinery to handle the 
Lake business that will develop shortly. 
With the Lake navigation season about to 
open, it is certain that the Painesville force 
will as usual be found on the job ready to 
handle the greatly increased business that 
will naturally result. The dredge for use 
in cleaning the channel has been overhauled 
and is in good shape and the force required 
for the operation is gradually being or- 
ganized. General Yardmaster Huston at 
Painesville is also busily engaged in co- 
ordinating the various yard functions 
essential to successful operation and both 
branches of the service will be ready to 
start off with a bang when the word is 

Many employes forget they are a part of 
the "makeup" of the Company and that 
when they aim a "kick" at the Company 
they are liable as not to kick their own 

With the advent of favorable weather, 
baseball is again coffiing into prominence. 
At New Castle the organization of the 1920 
team is progressing rapidly. With the 19 19 
team practically intact and a number of 
new stars available, the situation is very 
satisfactory. It is expected that the record 
of 1920 will be better than that of 19 19, 
when only 3 games were lost throughout 
the entire season. A dance and euchre 
party has been planned as a means of 
financing the team so that it will not be 
handicapped during this season. As suual, 
J. A. Jackson and A. C. Harris will be in 
control of the baseball affairs and will be 
found working strenuously for a winner. 

Storekeeper W. C. Guthrie has left the 
New Castle Division to accept appoint- 
ment as Storekeeper at Glenwood. H. F. 
Schwab has already arrived on the division 
to take over the duties of Storekeeper at 
New Castle Junction. 

D. R. Bowman has been assigned to the 
New Castle Division as first assistant on 
the engineering corps, taking the place of 
W. P. Ball, transferred to Baltimore. 

Agent F. H. Knox is getting his force in 
readiness to take over the freight business 
at New Castle becasue of the breaking up 
of the co-ordination of freight facilities at 
this point. For some time Mr. Knox has 
been acting as Outbound Agent at the 
Pennsylvania Station. He seems greatly 
pleased to be back with us again. The 
station force at New Castle intend to 
demonstrate anew to the people of New 
Castle that the BEST SERVICE is Balti- 
more and Ohio service. 

"Freddie" Bohlen, one of the youngest 
agents in point of service on the division, 

and but recently assigned to Munroc Falls, 
Ohio, seems to be making good with a 
vengeance. "Fred" is a very ambitious 
and hard working chap and there is no 
doubt that affairs at his station will be 
handled properly and the business developed 
to the limit of its capabilities. 

Resumption of branch train service on 
the New Castle Branch is one noticeable 
result of the return of the railroads to 
private control. Formerly, employes of 
the Company at New Castle Junction used 
the P. & L. E. branch train in getting to 
and from their work, but March 1 brought 
an end to this privilege and our own branch 
train is now being operated. 

Cecil Winifred Geldbaugh 
Four year old son of H. A. Geldbaugh, General 
Foreman at Painesville 
"These words I stand for: The Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad Company" 

There is no use talking, the Company 
cannot use as a means of exchange any- 
thing except what you as an employe manu- 
facture for them. If you furnish good senice, 
the Company has a valuable commodity for 
exchange and is enabled to furnish good 
service. The resultant benefit is not only to 
the Company, but to you. 

Agent F. M. Mantz, at New Castle 
Junction, has been exhibiting recently a 
card pass that is probably one of the oldest 
card passes in existence. Away back in 
1854, one Thomas Beckett, locomotive 
engineer, was given transportation from 
Cleveland to Erie on the C. C. & C. and 
C. & C. Railroad, and this pass was counter- 

signed by M. Bryan, master of transporta- 
tion. Mr. Beckett, who was the father-in- 
law of Agent Mantz, served for many 
years as locomotive engineer on the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad, entering the 
service years ago when horses were used as 
motive power, and continuing in service 
down through the years that witnessed the 
radical changes in transportation methods 
that brought in the steam engines to handle 
the trains. Mr. Mantz states that some 
years ago a local newspaper commented on 
an old pass that had come to their attention 
and made the claim that this pass was the 
oldest known. This claim, however, was 
withdrawn when Mr. Mantz produced his 
1854 pass. This souvenir of bygone clays 
is jealously guarded, as it is thought to be 
the oldest available pass of today. 


W. E. Laird, Chief Clerk, Newark, Ohio 
A. D. List, Newark (Ohio) Shops 


S. U. Hooper Superintendent. Newark, Ohio 

II G, Krise Trainmaster. Newark, Ohio 

D. Hubbard Division Engineer, Newark, Ohio 

f • E. C oopkr Master Mechanic. Newark. Ohio 

R A Vernon . Road Foreman of Engines, Newark. Ohio 
Dr M H Koehler . .Medical Examiner. Newark. Ohio 
B McC'orm ck. .Acting Captain of Police, Newark. Ohio 
A. R. Clayt)R. . . Division Claim Agent, Newark. Ohio 

H. Harding Signal Supervisor, Newark. Ohio 

C. G. Sutton Division Storekeeper, Newark, Ohio 

E ( Zinsmi isn.R Master Carpenter. Newark, Ohio 
C. G. Miller. . Sup- rvisor Shop Schedules. Newark, Ohio 

S. \V. Fitch Signal Foreman. Newark. Ohio 

VV Leach . .Yard Brakeman. Zanesville. Ohio 

J - C . Wolford Brakeman. Zanesville. Ohio 

J C. Richardson Conductor, Newark. Ohio 

F. D. Elder Brakeman, Newark, Ohio 

A E. Fricoat Fireman, Newark, Ohio 

S. N. Hiskey Engineer, Newark. Ohio 

J V. Gallecher Conductor. Newark. Ohio 

C. E. Armentrolt Car Inspector. Newark, Ohio 

V Hoffman Track Foreman, Pataskala. Ohio 

S- A. Reagan Carpenter Foreman, Newark. Ohio 

O. T. Varner Fireman, Newark, Ohio 

H. J Dunson Operator. Mt Vernon. Ohio 

Z. Spickler Car Repairman. Newark. Ohio 

Miss E. G. Winters Secretary. Newark. Ohio 

The accompanying photograph shows 
T omas J. White, retired Newark Division 
Switch Tender, and his grandson, Frank 
White Meyers. On April 5 "Tom," as he 
is better known among his many railroad 
friends, celebrated his 66th birthday. In 
spite of the 3 score and 6 years, he is hale, 
hearty and active, and is very proud of his 
grandson and "chum," Frank. 

Mr. White served continuously in the 
service of the Company from 1880 in the 
capacity of Caller, Yard Clerk, Brakeman 
and Switch Tender, until the time of his 
retirement in 191 3. However, at heart he 
is still one of the "boys" and losfefe no 
opportunity to visit with them and to keep 
himself in touch with what is "doing" in 
railroad circles. Prior to his long term of 
service, his father, Dennis White, served 
40 years as an Engineer on the old San- 
dusky, Mansfield and Newark Branch (now 
known as the Lake Erie Sub-division), 
having entered the service in 1850. 

T. J. White and Grandson 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

John Doyle 

The accompanying photograph is that-of 
John Doyle, one of the leading Veterans of 
Newark, Ohio. In a letter to G. W. 
Sturraer he tells of a very pleasant trip 
which he recently made through California, 
going by way of New Orleans and returning 
through Salt Lake City and Chicago. Mr. 
Doyle thinks that the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad is second to none. 

Announcement was made recently of the 
marriage of Ray L. Redman and Miss 
Clara Reed. The wedding took place some 
time during the month of January. We 
extend to them our best wishes. 

H. C. Wilson has resigned his position as 
shop order clerk and accepted a position 
with the Holophane Glass Company. 

Charles Dolan has accepted a position 
as messenger in the Division Accountant's 

"Bob" Pryor reported at the office 
recently with a highly discolored eye, but 
says he doesn't care since the other fellow 
is in the hospital and anyway his girl just 
adores black eyes. 

John Thornburg, one of the best known 
residents in the vicinity of Sundale, Ohio, 
recently celebrated his 85th birthday by 
entertaining a number of his friends and 
neighbors. Despite his advanced years, he 
is enjoying the best of health and is able to 
perform light work about his farm. 

Familiarly known as "Jack" Thornburg, 
he was for many years an Engineer on the 
Baltimore and Ohio, and an expert in 
hauling heavy trains over Sundale Hill. 
Before coming to Sundale he was an 
Engineer in Belmont County, and while 
practically his entire life was devoted to 
railroading, he never had an accident. 

At the birthday dinner he recounted 
many reminiscences of his early life which 
were particularly interesting to his railroad 
friends and which contributed toward 
making the occasion an enjoyable one. 

Zanesville Reclamation Plant 

Correspondent, Charles B. L. Hahn 
We are sorry to advise that Miss Ger- 
trude A. Shoemaker, stenographer for the 
Locomotive and Car Department at this 
station, entered the Good Samaritan Hospi- 
tal for a serious operation on March 2. 
This is the second operation in the past 
3 months. The employes extend their sin- 
cere wishes for a speedy recovery. 

With the object of establishing a Welfare 
Association or a Community Center for 
the employes of the Baltimore and Ohio at 

Zanesville, a meeting was held in the Signal 
Plant on March 17, between the hours of 
12.00 and 1. 00 o'clock. H. W. Booth, 
material supervisor at the Reclamation 
Plant and the man who first helped to 
organize the Y. M. C. A. of Zanesville, 
made the opening address. He emphasized 
3 dates: June 24, 1918, February 2 and 
March 17, 1919, as commemorative of the 
day on which John Roberts, blacksmith at 
this station, entered the Government serv- 
ice as a soldier, the day he returned home 
and the day he returned to his work. 
During the address Mr. Booth, on behalf 
of the Brotherhood of Blacksmiths, pre- 
sented Mr. Roberts with a medal in token 
of his overseas service. 

An interesting feature of the program was 
a 4-round boxing contest between D. C. 
Riley of the Reclamation Plant and P. D. 
Howard of the Car Department. Before 
the close of the meeting the following were 
appointed as a committee to form the 
Welfare Association: H. W. Booth, Charles 
B. L. Hahn, John R. Roberts, Glenn 
Williamson and Charles Lewis from the 
Reclamation Plant: S. F. Graham, P. D. 
Howard, Leo Himmelspach, R. G. Waggon- 
ger and Charles Barnett from the Locomo- 
tive Car Department. This committee met 
at a later date and organized by electing 
the following officers: H. W. Booth, 
chairman; S. F. Graham, secretary, and 
Charles B. L. Hahn, treasurer. 

"Boosters' Meeting" 

A Boosters' mass meeting was held in 
the Signal Plant on March 25, at noon, for 
the Welfare Association. The meeting was 
opened by an address by H. W. Booth, 
chairman of the Welfare Association com- 
mittee, on "Zanesville." Next on the 
program was a letter from the United 
States Government on Welfare Work on 
Railroads, which was read by S. D. Sne- 
deker, local secretary of the Y. M. C. A. 

A 4-round boxing contest was staged be- 
bween P. D. Howard and Leo Himmelspach, 
both of the Locomotive Car Department. 
The referee gave no decision on the affair. 
At the close of this meeting about $100.00 
was subscribed by the employes to carry on 
the work of the Welfare Association. 


A. F. Becker, Secretary to Superintendent, 

Cleveland, Ohio 
Amy A. Ford, Clerk to Pilot Engineer, 621 

Sloan Building, Cleveland, Ohio 

Top picture, next page, is of Charles 
Edell, commonly known as "Silent 
Charley." This title was derived from his 

conservative ways, always holding his 
good counsel and advice until the most 
appropriate time. He is one of the "Old 
Timers" in the Boiler Department and has 
eliminated many delays by his watchful- 
ness. Locomotives have to pass his efficient 
inspection before departing upon their 
various duties. He practices the same 
pugilistic spirit upon his work as he did in 
his younger days when he eagerly faced his 
opponents in the ring. Later on, he left 
the strenuous game and took charge of the 
Boilermakers' Athletic Association, whose 
bowling team made such a fine showing 
last winter in the shop league. During 
recent war times, when the patriotic spirit 
of the entire country was manifested by 
raising flags over homes, buildings and 
shops, "Charley" was instrumental in 
prosecuting a vigorous campaign to secure 
funds to purchase an emblem of freedom 
for Cleveland Shop. Mayor Davis of 
Cleveland delivered an address on Flag 
Day, and in the absence of local musical 
talent, "Charley" prevailed upon a German 
band to render the "Star-Spangled Banner" 
when "Old Glory" was flung to the breeze. 
His influence was felt in the Red Cross, 
Victory Chest and Y. M. C. A. drives and 
the 100 per cent. Liberty Loan issue may 
be credited to him. Last but not least is 
his personal interest in Safety. This is 
foremost in his mind at all times, not only 
for himself, but for his fellow workmen. 
He is never so busy that he cannot spare 
time to warn others of conditions that 
might be injurious to them. He was also 
very prominent in his activities in the 
recent National Prohibition Campaign. 


We have another Yardmaster at Dover. 
On March 7 he arrived at the home of 
"Ben" F. Wilcoxen and is now getting 
along very nicely. "Ben" says he will 
soon mark him up on the extra board. We 
hope he is a chip off of the old block. 

Brakeman Nash has gone to Willard to 
work in Willard-Holloway Pool service 
with Conductor Billingsley. 

On March 17, Trainmaster Fitzgerald's 
father, Dennis Fitzgerald, passed away at 
his son's home in Massillon. He was taken 
to his old home at Silver Springs, New 
York, for burial. We express our sincere 

The accompanying picture is of the first 
district run crew at Massillon. Reading 
from left to right: Brakeman C. Legg, 
Fireman C. P. Himmel, Engineer M. H. 
Carpenter, Brakeman H. U. Brugh and 
Conductor J. W. Griffin. 

First District Run Crew at Massillon 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


"Silent Charley" Edell 

Ticket Agent and Operator G. H. McCoy 
has been complaining about a stiff back. 
Since the old haymaker started to shine, 
he probably got spring fever and over- 
worked the spade. Maybe we can furnish 
him with a little dope and oil for his ail- 
ment when the weather gets too warm. 

Operator "Dad" Landis has returned to 
his old post at "CO" Tower, after a trip 
to Florida, where he was called on account 
of the sickness of his daughter. While 
there he also was taken very ill. 


F. N. Shultz, Division Operator, Garrett, Ind. 
Bertha Phelps, Clerk, South Chicago 
Margaret Galloway, Assistant Shop Clerk, 

Garrett, Ind. 
R, R. Jenkins, Secretary, Y. M. C. A., 

Willard, Ohio 
P. H. Carroll, Signal Supervisor, Garrett, 


Garrett, April 5, 1920. 

Dere Ed: 

Why is it you dor/t say nothin' much no 
more about the good ole Chi. Div.? You 
jus' hand all them bokas to them divs. 
down east, which looks like narrer gages 
along side of the Chi. Div. I got a lot a 
news but I aint goin' to tell it all cuz it 
wood on'y make them other divs. jelus an' 
they aint no use cawsin' no trouble, cuz we 
must all work together fer a common caws, 
even if our caws aint so common as them. 
Lissen, Ed, I don't want to 'pear egotistical, 
or whatever you call it, but I can't help but 
brag jus' a little about our div. an' officers 
an' men an' etc. I aint goin' to get per- 
sonal an' mention no names, cuz I dun it 
onct an' got one of them growlers tied to 
me an' didn't have no job for 7 months. 
There's our Supt., for instance; he's a 
regular Prince Albert of a fella, an' you 
bet your boots we all like him, even if he 
did come off'n that Ohio Div. Then 
there's our chf clerk what tuk a furlo to go 
into the butcher shop bizness. Somebody 
musta killed the fatted calf for him. Hope 
he don't get no bum steer. We wisht our 
private secy would fall air to the job, but 
they is a job in heaven awaitin' her, which 
is better. An' our T. M.'s is both hale 
fellas, one of which wares dimons an' aint 
married. That is why he wares dimons. 
The other one we is skeert of losin' him, 
cuz ever sinse the 18th commandment he 
has ben ritin to the mare of Cuba for a job. 
An' our M. M. is a expert mechanical man, 
an' can't be beat, cuz he worked for Mr. 
Ingersol onct in his watch factory. An' 
our genial general foreman is the man what 
always explains them failures was do to the 
fac' that the eng. didn't have no steam, or 
nothin', which aint no fault of hisen. 

Then there's our hard workin' road fore- 
men of engs. what spends all their time an' 

a lot of thc'Co.'s money a ridin' Nos. 5 an' 6 
an' kickin' cuz the porter 'lows people in 
the observation, 'side themselfs, which 
bother them so's they can't find no lo joints. 
An' our noble chf dispr what is fuller of 
suggestions than Mr. Bryan is of grape 
juice. Then cums our asst chf what raises 
chickens for a liven — them kind which lays 
eggs — jus' becuz he loves Nature so, an' 
works nites fer recreation. 

There's our div. opr what is a handy man 
an' does ever thing on the div. 'cept operate. 
An' last but not least cumes our disprs. 
what is all swelled up cuz Mr. McAdoo sed 
they wuz officers. Guess he wuz kiddin' 
em, an' ment on'y from the neck down. 

I cud dwell four hours discussin' the 
merits of the Chi. Div. an' its officers an' 

Ida Dudley Craw, two year old daughter of 
Division Claim Agent Alex. Craw 

men, an' cussin' the demerits of them other 
divs. an' etc., but I aint goin' to do it, cuz 
I aint got neither the time nor inclination. 
Yours truly, 

D. S. Patcher. 

Camden Ratrie, who has been Chief Clerk 
to the Superintendent at Garrett for the past 
10 years, has resigned to go into business 
for himself at Garrett. Mr. Ratrie has been 
connected with the Baltimore and Ohio for 
almost 20 years, and the best wishes of 
his office associates and of his large circle of 
friends go with him in his new enterprise. 

S. V. McKennon, fomerly Chief Clerk to 
the Division Accountant, has been pro- 
moted to Chief Clerk in the Superinten- 
dent's office to succeed Mr. Ratrie. 

Homer Strome succeeds Mr. McKennon 
as Chief Clerk to Division Accountant. 
Mr. Strome was Timekeeper Clerk at 
Garrett until a few years ago he was sent to 
Pittsburgh as Clerk in the Division Ac- 
countant's office. His many friends here 
are glad to see him return to Garrett. 

F. M. O'Haver has been appointed Agent 
at Commercial Avenue, South Chicago. Mr. 
O'Haver had been Agent at Wellsboro for a 
number of years and for the past three years 
has been in the Telegraph Department at 

G. J. Park, Chief Clerk in Train Dis- 
patcher's office at Garrett, is ill at his home 
in Chicago. He has not been able to work 
for three or four months. We alljhope, 
however, that he will be able to report for 
duty soon. 

W. T. Spencer from Fort Mitchell, Va., 
wishes to express his appreciation of the 
kindness of the employes of the Chicago 
Division during his sad mission among us 
while trying to find the body of his brother, 
a fireman on the road, who fell from an 
engine in the St. Joe River. The body has 
not been recovered. 

At Willard the employes are considering 
the improvement of the Y. M. C. A. recrea- 
tion park by installing a swimming pool. 
A local welfare association has been organ- 
iffied with the following officers: President, 
J. P. Coats; Vice-President, K. E. Floeter; 
Treasurer, W. E. Mehl; Secretary, B. L. 
Johnston. They will make an extensive 
drive to increase the membership. 

The many friends of E. B. Miller, who 
was with the United States Railroad 
Administration as Supervisor of Freight 
Car Repairs, headquarters at Washington, 
D. C, will be pleased to learn that he has 
resumed his former position as General 
Car Foreman, Chicago Division, with 
headquarters at Garrett. D. L. Gibson 
who was General Car Foreman during 
Mr. Miller's absence, resumes his position 
as Car Foreman. 

The accompanying photograph shows 
Colonel J. W. Sellers, who, after serving 
46 years as line man, Chicago Division, has 
been placed on the pensioned list and re- 
tired by the Western Union Company. 
Mr. Sellers has been a faithful and valuable 
employe for the Baltimore and Ohio as well 
as the Western Union; has faced many 
s arms and performed creditable service 
under trying conditions, where a younger 
man would have failed. He is without 
doubt the youngest man for his age on the 
System. Too young and active to be con- 
sidered idle, the Baltimore and Ohio has 
given him a position as crossing flagman 
at his home town, Fostoria. Mr. Sellers 
began his career as Switchman in the 
Newark yard in 1873 under W. H. Hoff- 
man, general yardmaster. At this time 
W. C. Quincy was General Superintendent 
and William Franklin, Master of Transpor- 
tation at Newark, Ohio. In 187V Mr. 
Sellers went to work with line gang and 
remained in that service until retired, 
February i, 1920 

Colonel J. W. Sellers 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

G. W. Brunk, fireman on this division, 
departed from Garrett on March 28 for 
Boston, where, we are told, he was to em- 
bark on the sea of matrimony. 

There is a great shortage of machinists 
and boilermakers at Garrett. Men of both 
crafts can be used. 

We are pleased to announce the marriage 
of Miss Pauline Bennett, a daughter of 
Boiler Gang Foreman and Mrs. O. Bennett, 
and A. J. Hassett, boilermaker helper, 
Garrett enginehouse. The marriage took 
place at the home of the bride on West 
King Street. Hearty congratulations! 

Passenger Fireman Albert Carlson and 
Miss Marion Novinger, daughter of En- 
gineer George W. Novinger, surprised their 
many friends recently when they went to 
Chicago and returned to Garrett as Mr. 
and Mrs. Carlson. Best wishes for a long 
and happy married life! 

Ernest Crowe, stenographer to Division 
Engineer Batchellor, has resigned his 
position and accepted a position as Secre- 
tary to General Manager of Wayne Oil 
Tank and Pump Company, Detroit. Miss 
Clarice Horn has been promoted to position 
vacated by Mr. Crowe. 

Miss K. Ann Skilling, of the Division 
Accountant's office, appeared at work on 
March 29, wearing a new diamond ring. 
Ralph Hoffman, of the same office and 
whose home is at Auburn, Ind., is the lucky 
man. Good luck to them ! 

G. W. Hesslau has been appointed Claim 
Agent, in charge of Claim Department 
matters between Gary and St. Joe, Ind., 
headquarters at Garrett. Mr. Hesslau 
comes from Chicago, where he has had 
much experience in the same line of work. 
All departments extend to him a hearty 
welcome and will assist him in every way. 

E. B. Henslee has resigned as Claim 
Agent, Chicago Division, to become a 
member of a well known law firm at Garrett, 
where he expects to follow his profession 
as a lawyer. 

D. W. Koons from Hoytville, Ohio, has 
been appointed Agent at Republic, Ohio, 
in place of M. S. Seeley, who has resigned 
and moved with his family to California. 


Correspondent, A.E. Erich, Chillicothe, Ohio 
The accompanying picture shows part of 
the yard office force at Chillicothe. Left to 
right: O. E. West, general yardmaster; 
G. G. Wilson, interchange clerk; Wayne 
Wilbur, Howard Williams, yard clerks; 
Horace Williams, patrolman; E. R. Fisher, 
assistant yardmaster; Earl Jaynes and P. P. 
Stockman, yard clerks. 

Renicks Yard Engine and Crew 

The D. T. & I. freight force at Washing- 
ton Court House, Ohio, returned to their 
depot March 1 with M. F. Lahey as agent, 
and all freight for their line is now handled 
at their depot. Congratulations, "Mike." 

Foreman Orihood, at Washington Court 
House, and several of his men who have been 
ill with the "flu," are back with us again. 

The many friends of Miss Bertha Dunlap, 
clerk in Freight office, Chillicothe, who was 
operated on for appendicitis several weeks 
ago, will be glad to learn she is getting along 
very nicely, and we hope to welcome her 
among us soon. 

Supervisor P. Clark, at Washington 
Court House, attended the Supervisors' 
Convention at Chicago in March. Fore- 
man Shinkle of Midland City was looking 
after things during Mr. Clark's absence. 

J. P. Clark bid in the second trick ticket 
job at Washington Court House, but 
"Jimmy" says there is no place like Athens. 
We wonder why? 

We are glad to report that Shop Account- 
ant Edgar Somerset, who has been confined 
to his home with the "flu" for several weeks, 
is again with us. 

The accompanying photograph shows Ren- 
icks Yard engine 2500 and crew: Left to 
right: C. S. Michaels, conductor; W. E. 
Loney, switchman; C. W. Ramsey, fireman; 
"Mac" McCollister, switchman; W. Davis, 
car repairer, and H. Ankrom, engineer. 

H. F. Schwab, assistant storekeeper, Chilli- 
cothe, has been promoted to Storekeeper, 
New Castle, Pa. We congratulate him. 

It is with regret that we heard of the 
death of Mrs. J. L. Kennedy, wife of Section 

|§§! ' 


* . i 

Foreman at Martinsville. He has the heart- 
felt sympathy of all his friends. 

D. B. Thurlow, 73 years of age, died at 
his home, March 8. ' Mr. Thurlow entered 
service as Freight Brakeman March 1, 1871, 
was later promoted to Conductor, serving in 
that capacity until January 1, 1915, when he 
was retired on pension. 

Everet Newman is again able to be on the 
job after a five weeks' battle with the "flu." 

Trainmaster "Dick" Mallen has returned 
from Martinsville, Ind., where he spent 
several weeks for his health. "Dick"- cer- 
tainly improved his looks while gone, so 
much so that "Bill" Graf, road foreman, is 
also thinking seriously of making a visit to 

Yard Office Force Chillicothe 


Correspondent, H. S. Adams, Chief Clerk 
to Superintendent 

Spring is here. We noted the first signs 
the other day when Division Engineer's 
forces were at work leveling and rolling the 
tennis court in rear of the office building. 
The court has been put into fine shape, and 
the first game of the season was played by 
Division Engineer and his Secretary. From 
all indications, they both need lots of 
practice. This court has afforded ideal 
recreation for the office force and has been 
enjoyed by many. Former Superintendent 
E. W. Scheer, an ardent admirer of this 
sport, enjoyed many a game here, as also 
did former Trainmaster S. U. Hooper, now 
Superintendent of the Newark Division, 
and R. S. Welch, assistant to Engineer 
Maintenance of Way. Mr. Scheer, when he 
was at Seymour, won many a hard fought 
game, and now we have some players who 
think they can put it all over him. We 
would like to try him out. 

While looking over one of our daily papers 
we notice that another brakeman of the 
Baltimore and Ohio picked up another 
North Vernon young lady, the one in the 
limelight this time being Maurice Coryea, 
the other, Miss Doris Lattimore. 

On April 1 , the C. T. H. & S. E. again took 
over their agency at Seymour after its being 
operated by us since October, 191 8. They 
will reopen their passenger office and will 
have a two-trick telegraph office also. This 
relieves the operators at "JO" of consider- 
able worry, for they handled C. T. H. & S. 
E. trains in and out of Seymour. We have 
made many friends with the C. T. H. & S. E. 
employes while in the discharge of our duties 
during' the World War. Chief among these 
was the local conductor, Mr. Thompson, 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


better known as "Uncle Bing." "Charlie" 
Frey, operator at "JO," is one of the em- 
ployes who regrets the loss of the agency 
because of the loss of extra work. We don't 
know how "Charlie" will get his fresh 
country butter now that "Uncle Bing" will 
get his orders over at the C. T. H. & S. E. 

Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Temple have just 
returned from a very pleasant three months' 
visit in the Southwest. 

B. A. Phillips bid in the second trick yard 
clerk posit'on in Seymour Yard. We under- 
stand he is learning the whys and where- 
fores of the job by this time. We hope he 
will not hold up any more of our freight 
trains as he was reported as having done in 
his student days. 

Miss Ruth Kaufman has just returned 
from a two months leave of absence, having 
undergone an operation in the Olney Sani- 

Robert White, who was formerly em- 
ployed as temporary clerk in the Division 
Accountant's office, assisting in the com- 
pilation of man hour data for the United 
States Railroad Administration, has just 
announced his candidacy upon the Repub- 
lican ticket for County Auditor. Prior to 
the World War, Mr. White was Deputy 
Sheriff of Jackson County. Mr. White has 
a good following in this county and we hope 
for his success. 

Floyd P. Green, brakeman, better known 
as "Boots," is the proud father of a 9-pound 
son, born on March 29. Congratulations. 
Ten cent cigars, please ! 


Correspondent, Omer T. Goff, Secretary to 

Office Assistant General Freight Agent, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Correspondent, Francis Piglosky 

We are pleased to announce the pro- 
motion of Edward Hart, Jr., from Assistant 
General Freight Agent to General Freight 
Agent, and that of J. G. Fry, our former 
City Freight Agent, to General South- 
western Freight Agent. 

William F. Bollman, one of our com- 
mercial representatives, has been appointed 
Commercial Freight Agent. 

It is with pleasure that we welcome back 
our former co-workers, Arnold Farrer and 
C. W. Browder, listing them among our 
freight representatives. 

We regretted the resignation of E. C. 
Schlag, our former trace clerk on March 27. 

Just a little information: 

The rate on one horse, carload, from 
Odin, 111., to Henderson is $i.6o]4. 
(Rather a large horse.) 

Evidently our office force is a prosperous- 
looking one as inquiries have been made by 
automobile salesmen as to the "automobile 
owners" among us. Getting down to 
"brass tacks," I doubt if a majority of us 
could own anything better than the follow- 
ing indicates: 

For Sale 


car, with a piston ring, 

Two rear wheels, one front spring. 
Has no fenders, seat made of plank; 
Burns lots of gas, hard to crank; 
Carburetor busted half-way through, 
Engine missing — hits on two. 
Only three years old, four in spring; 
Has shock absorber 'n ev'rything. 
Ten spokes missing, front axle bent ; 
All tires punctured — not worth a cent. 
Got lots o' speed, runs like the deuce; 
Burns either oil or tobacco juice. 
If you want this car, inquire within — 
Helluva good car for the shape it's in. 

However, some of the men feel prosperous 
enough to buy rag hats. 


Correspondent, I. E. Clayton, Division 

J. W. Stevens has returned to duty after 
a six weeks' battle with the "flu." 

D. J. Bergan, switchman, has returned to 
duty after a month's illness. 

Mrs. W. A. Parks, wife of one of our 
pioneer switchmen, died on March 3 and 
was buried March 6. We extend to Mr. 
Parks our sincere sympathy. 

Justus Burnett, conductor, has returned 
to duty after a two weeks' vacation. 

Frank McManus, chief clerk to Assistant 
Superintendent Kelly, had a wonderful 
experience on the battle line for Uncle Sam, 
but it is now time he was having more 
serious experience. Girls, this is Leap Year; 
Frank is a mighty fine fellow and willing to 
make some girl happy. 

East Dayton 

Correspondent, Edward M. Mannix 

One of the signs of the welcome Spring is 
the brightening up of one's self and his sur- 
roundings. With the anticipation of fish- 
ing, baseball and vacations, it makes us feel 
and enjoy the wonderful blessings of Nature. 
The roundhouse looks bright and cheerful, 
and with its new coat of paint and white- 
wash, seems to be magically transformed. 

In a short chat with Robert O'Neil, car 
foreman, and Walter Jackson, assistant car 
foreman, I learned they have about 12 dif- 
ferent nationalities under their jurisdiction. 
These are only descendants, however, for 
the census kept in the office shows them to 
be 100 per cent. Americans. 

Word was received recently from our old 
"Freight Bill" Stricklin, who was injured at 
the shops a short time ago, that he was con- 
valescing nicely and would soon be back to 
the old routine. 

If a shop roll of honor were established at 
this place we could point with pride to such 
men as: Robert O'Neil, John W. Riley, 
Pearl Shepherd, Frank Proctor, Harry 
Campbell, Robert Doudican, John Aveyard, 
A. J. Kight, and several others who have 
devoted more than a quarter of a century of 
their lives at this one place. Ever faithful 
and diligent, they are setting an example of 

loyalty that will live for ages. To these 
men let us say: "You commanded the 
respect of your associates; may you be 
spared for many years of usefulness." 

Not to be outdone, East Dayton shops are 
organizing a baseball team. Preparations 
are already made for new uniforms, and 
spring practice is progressing nicely. Let 
us hear from the boys at points along the 
line for games, as we are open to book games 
immediately. We want to get acquainted 
with all the boys, and we assure our oppon- 
ents that they will meet a gentlemanly 
bunch of ball tossers, who will make it 
interesting for them 

Address Edward M. Mannix, Manager, 
Baltimore and Ohio Ball Club, East Dayton 


From Our Office Cracks 

(With apologies to Margaret Talbott Stevens) 

By H. L. Graham 

Telephone Maintainer, Jenkins, Ky. 

When the evening train comes reeling in, 

shooting sparks from out the stack; 
When the loafers and the hackmcn blpck 

the doorway and main track; 
When the frost is on the panes, obstructing 

views of nature's splendors; 
Views of mountains, valleys, streams, scenes 

that only nature renders; 
We need not pause to see them, tho' of 

beauty there's no lack; 
We miss nothing of the grandeur — we can 

see it from a crack. 

When the doors are closed, the windows 
down, the wood piles 'round in stacks; 

When over the holes where glass once was 
we've put paper, glue and tacks; 

When we have wrapped ourselves in over- 
coats and turned to the fire our backs; 

We wonder whence the feathers come — 'tis 
snow blowing through the cracks. 

We have our dreams of winter days in an 

office, years away; 
With walls of paint and plaster, where the 

rats do not hold sway; 
Where the snow and rain fall outside, where 

roaches do not play, 
Where cold north winds are never known, 

where heat has come to stay; 
We dream our dreams of a paradise, a place 

where nothing lacks; 
'Til wakened by a chilly draft fnpm the 

knot holes and the cracks. 

Terminal Station, Jenkins, Kentucky 

6 4 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Old Put's Fire Boy 

( Continued from page 19) 

Mollie tossed her head, poked back 
a rebellious strand of wavy brown 
hair and, without looking up, wrote: 
"Small steak and French fries, 
45 cents." 

Tom Broderick was silent for a long 
time. He was thinking. "You don't 
seem to have a very good opinion of 
our green men," he said, finally. 
"Can't most of 'em stand it, or 

"It isn't so much a case of standing 
it, I guess," stated Mollie, still busy 
with tomorrow's menu; "it's just a 
case of some do, some don't. Mostly 
don't lately." 

The door opened and the caller 
shambled in. "Broderick?" he inter- 
rogated. Mollie nodded her head 
toward Tom. The boy shoved his 
book onto the counter at the fireman's 
elbow. "Want you to relieve a fire- 
man on the Buckland job. Extra 
2324. They'll be in about half -past 
ten; they're up on the third iron 
waiting for a chance to cross over and 
get coal. Put your 'J°nn Hancock' 

Mechanically Tom entered his 
name in the caller's book. The 
caller went out. The fireman pushed 
his pie back, half eaten. The girl 
glanced at him. 

"They are always after relief fire- 
men for that job," she said. 

"What's the matter?" demanded 

"It's a rawhide for one thing, and 
I guess old Put Rowland rides them 
pretty hard for another." 

Slowly Tom climbed down off the 
rickety stool. His face was very 
white and there was a peculiar glitter 
in his eyes. He fished in his pocket 
and dug out three crumpled bills. 

"I guess you'd better give me a — ■ 
a meal ticket," he said. 

"You want a pie card?" Mollie 
raised her eyebrows and glanced at 
him with something in her gaze that 
hinted of a desire to laugh. "Hadn't 
you better wait till you come back 
from Buckland?" she suggested, with 
a sort of disquieting certainty. 

All his life Tom Broderick had been 
a quitter, morally and physically. 
Never had he stuck at anything after 
the going got stony, and it was in his 
face. He felt a slow flood of crimson 
creeping up across his cheeks. A girl, 
a bright-eyed, clean-limbed young 
thing with an understanding of the 
railroad game and of the men it 
breeds, was flaunting the doubt that 
he had it in him to make good out 
there in the hills on the footplate 
of one of the Midland's big freight 

pullers. She didn't believe he could 
go out on that Buckland rawhide — 
and stay. 

For an instant, Tom's eyes met 
those of the girl. He shuffled his feet 
uneasily, but crowded the three grimy 
one dollar bills toward her. "No," 
he said, "I'll take that pie card now." 

At the door he paused, glanced 
back uncertainly, mumbled a half 
sullen, "Good night," and went out. 

"Good night," said the girl — and 

Chapter II. 

"Fireman, hey? Well, by gad, 
you don't look like one!" Old Put 
Rowland, a flaring, smelly torch in one 
hand and a long-neck oiler and some 
greasy waste in the other, paused in 
the gangway of the big 2324 and 
carefully examined the newcomer 
"And how long have you been firin' ?" 

"This is my first trip — alone," 
admitted Tom reluctantly. 

"First trip! Maud, Lucius, Jere- 
miah, Pat, another stugent! Jumpin' 
Judas Priest, all they been handin' me 
for a month is first trippers. Ain't 
they got anybody but hams? Where 
the Hades is Nolan?" 

"I don't know," said Tom. 

' ' Know ! Know ! Ofcourseit ain ' t 
likely you would know! All alike! 
All alike! Don't know nothin'! 
Don't know a hook from a garden 
rake! Don't know any more about 
firing a engine than a two-year old ! 
Shovel in green coal till they put the 
fire out; then hook it till it's clinkered 
to the arch. And you're the fourth 
weehawkin' yahoo I've had since we 
left Buckland. Not a fireman in the 
lot!' No; nor the makin's of one!" 

And Mr. Rowland slid to the 
ground, still rumbling ominously. 

"If I was you, son," said a voice 
somewhere beyond Tom's immediate 
range of vision, "I wouldn't waste no 
time standing there looking mourn- 
ful; I'd get terrible busy with that 
fire. It's awful dirty." 

The speaker was the extra's head- 
end man, grabbing a bit of ease on the 
fireman's seat before heading the 
freight hauler back across the road. 
He went on : 

"We come in here with a hundred 
and twenty-five pounds of fog and a 
prayer. Dig out some clinkers, shake 
'er down and wind on the blower ; then 
bale coal to the old fossil. If you 
ain't got a good heavy fire in her 
when we hit the pull up around the 
Bank Wall, Put will have half your 
grates bare when he starts to hit 'er." 

Just what it was that induced Tom 
to remain after his discouraging re- 
ception in the cab of the 2324 we will 
not attempt to say. Far be it from 
us to accuse a man of getting his back 

up and carrying on in a fight just for 
the sake of proving to a bright -eyed 
girl whom he had never seen but half 
a dozen times in his life that he was 
not a quitter. Tom Broderick may 
have had it in him to tackle the job 
of firing the 2324 just for the satis- 
faction there would be in succeeding 
where others had failed. However, 
it can safely be asserted that one of 
the reasons which caused this student 
fireman on the Midland to grab for 
the long, heavy hook on the tender of 
the freight engine was the pie card in 
his pocket. 

Forty miles of "hill" were ahead of 
extra 2324. Grades and flats, curves 
and grades, grades and sags, and then 
more grades — and always up. It 
was shovel to get them running; it 
was shovel to keep them going; it was 
hook and dig and fume to keep the 
black slack burning, and it was 
always more coal over from the back 
of the old-type of low-sided tender. 

A roaring, belching blast of white 
heat burned the face of Tom Brod- 
erick; a hook, blistering hot for half 
its length and red and shapeless for 
the remainder, shrunk and fried 
grease from the new leather gloves 
which he wore; a number five scoop, 
much too large and with a sadly tat- 
tered edge that was forever catching 
against a loose bolt-head or picking 
up a sliver there in the ragged floor 
beneath the coal gates ; an unquench- 
able thirst that frequent gulping 
swigs from the water jug did not 
allay; weak at the knees, a cavern in 
his stomach, a stitch in his back and 
his fingers cramped and so stiff that 
they were almost as useless as wooden 
ones — that was the fireman's story 
when extra 2324 went in at Coons to 
let No. 4 by. 

Tom's eyes were bloodshot and his 
hair was full of cinders (his cap had 
been snatched away by a savage, 
darting eddy during one of those 
dizzy, plunging flights through a sag) 
and something deep inside of him 
begged him to quit. It may have 
been utter weariness, or it may have 
been a little touch of yellow, or it 
may have been a little of both. He 
climbed onto the seat on the left, 
thankful for a moment's respite, and 
began gulping in great gobs of fresh, 
cool air. 

Again, however, the honeyless 
voice of eagle-eye Rowland distubed 
his peace, as the latter gentleman 
grabbed his long-neck oiler and torch, 
which he lighted by the simple process 
of jabbing its black snout at a glowing 
coal inside the fire door. 

"That gosh-blasted old blower 
ain't goin' to get her hot for you, 
kiddo!" stated Put, flatly. "Shake 
the grates; then get down and dtimp 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


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Explain, without obligating me, how I can quality for the posi- 
tion, or In the subject, be/ore wblch I mark X. 

K. R. Agency AccounllnB 
R. R. Grn'l Office Accllnr! 
Higher Accounting 
III MVESS 11 lM(il il v r 
Private Secretary 
Stenograph*! >u>. lyplai 

Railway Moil Clerk 
M M I UK »l. KMilMF.ER 
Electric Wiring 
Elec. Lighting & Railway, 
Telegraph Engineer 
Telephone Work 
Stationary Engineer 
H Auto Repairing 
! Good English IPSpinU'i 
' *(.i:ll I M I UK I rr.,.'.i 
I I'oullrj llaUlm ICltal.aa 

| Locomotive Fireman 
| Traveling Engineer 
Traveling Fireman 
' t Air Brake Inspector 
| Air Brake Repuiraian 
| Round House Foreman 
Trainmen and Carmen 
' Railway Conductor 
1 Mechanical Draftsman 
_ Machine Shop Practice 
ta Toolmaker 

Boiler Maker or Designer 
HGas Engine Operating 
' Surveying and Mapping 
" R. R. Constructing 
" Bridge Engineer 
Architectural Draftsman 
Ship Draftsman 
P Contractor and Builder 
P Structural Engineer 
' Concrete Builder 

A- Employer. 

and No. 



Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

the ashpan. You gotta get it bright 
underneath; she's black as your hat." 

By repeatedly flinging the whole 
weight of his aching body against the 
stubborn shaker-bars, Tom at last 
was able to move them slightly. 
Once the rickety bar of one set of 
grates slipped, with the result that 
the fireman banged his head and 
knocked a great ragged piece of skin 
from the knuckles of his right hand. 
The ashpan, also, was fully as stub- 
born a factor, and yielded its portion 
of bangs and bruises. 

Then he scrambled onto the tank 
and began to shovel over coal. He 
was somewhat surprised when the 
shack came climbing up through the 
gangway and began working at the 
sadly clinkered fire. Yes, and working 
with a certain deft ease that bespoke 
considerable familiarity with a hook 
and scoop. 

"Right after those back comers," 
coached the brakeman, "all the time. 
Keep 'em full of green coal, buddy." 

A few minutes later No. 4 came 
batting by. The head-end man slip- 
ped down through the gangway, lined 
the D-rail and headed the extra out. 
Tom sopped the perspiration from 
his grimy forehead and slumped up 
against a corner of the cab for a 
moment's respite. And then it was 
to begin all over again. 

And always the "clock was walking 
back" — always the needle on the 
gauge creeping lower, never gaining, 
never even holding its own up there 
in that bit of illuminated space in 
front of the gauge light. 

Twenty minutes later the 2324 died 
on a bit of heavy going, while again 
the fireman stubbornly fought through 
that weary task of getting her hot. 

Followed many a weary mile that • 
Tom Broderick will never remember. 
And yet never for an instant was 
there the thought of giving in, of 
admitting that he couldn't fire this 
condemned black old hog. He rather 
believed that he was going to show 
old Put, Nolan, the grinning crew 
dispatcher, and Mollie King, that he 
wasn't made of quitting stock. By 
the eternal shades of fire and brim- 
stone, he would take their old mill 
over the hump or they could carry 
him off on a stretcher. 

He hadn't been able to see the 
steam gauge for ten minutes; he 
hadn't tried to. They were moving, 
just moving. That was all he knew. 
Everything was blurry and there 
were other noises in his ears besides 
the ceaseless hum of the "gun." 
Suddenly he missed the fire door 
with a shovelful of slack by a foot, 
while the dust-like coal shot all over 
the deck. 

"Damn!" gritted Tom, reaching 

painfully for another scoopful across 
the apron. 

And then, from somewhere above 
him, there came the touch of a coarse, 
time-seamed old hand, from that 
somewhere there on the right a voice 
said evenly: 

"Climb up here, son. Watch out 
for the blocks; keep 'em all green. 
If she shows yellow holler, and then 
look sharp for red eyes. There ain't 
no danger though of there being any- 
thing ahead of us. We're the last job 
on the road. But you're all right. 
You'll make a fireman. You've got 
the grit. This old kettle never was 
any good making steam. I'll see 
what I can do with the old scrap." 

Silently Tom obeyed. Even as he 
climbed over the quadrant and past 
the huge reverse lever his knees 
buckled under him. And yet as he 
sagged from the cab window and 
drank thankfully of the refreshing 
night air, his eyes studying the 
blackness ahead, clear and alert in 
their new responsibility, there flitted 
through his mind that day-dream of 
tomorrow, of himself, Tom Broder- 
ick, the man who had won his first 
real battle in life, some day pulling 
his own train up here through the hills. 

For hadn't he a right to dream his 
dreams now? Hadn't old Put Row- 
land, the harshest old engine driver on 
the worst old rawhide on the Midland, 
given his approval to a youngster, to a 
new-born man who had suddenly found 
that he didn't know how to say quit? 

He rested at Ayer, and twelve 
hours later the Buckland job started 
west. There was another engine, a 
gloriously free steamer and a load of 
lumpy, snappy coal that crackled 
when it was touched by fire — and 
extra 2425 went home with a white 
feather and a red stack. 


That was four years ago. 

Tom Broderick is firing No. 4 and 
No. 1, two of the Midland's big crack 
fliers now. The other day he com- 
pleted his time-card examination, and 
the chances are that soon he may be 
5t up during the fall rush and will 
get an engine of his own for his first 
taste of the reward he won that night 
on the Buckland rawhide. 

A little over a year ago Tom was 
married, and in the little home, which 
has for a presiding angel a bright- 
faced, happy-eyed personage known 
as Mollie, there is a soiled bit of meal 
ticket. Its rim has been perforated 
to the full extent of its face value. 
It reposes in a bit of a frame and is 
hung in a place of honor over the 
mantel. It signifies a battle that was 
won the night Tom Broderick went 
over the hump as old Put Rowland's 
fire boy. 

The Personal Equation 
By R. Garrigus 
Clerk, Lima, Ohio 

WHAT is the propelling force 
behind the SAFETY move- 
ment? Why does the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad spend 
thousands of dollars every year to 
spread the gospel of SAFETY? 
There must be a reason — a strong 
one, too. Let's think it over. 

Where is a greater reason than the 
man who, through carelessness, very 
possibly his own, has lost his sight? 
Imagine yourself in his place. Close 
your eyes and put your hands over 
them. How would you like to go 
through the rest of your life in dark- 
ness? Still, you do not experience 
one-tenth of the darkness that he 

Where is a greater reason than the 
man who has lost an arm or a leg 
because he took a short cut between 
or under cars and thereby tried to 
save a minute? That was a pretty 
big price. 

Where in all the world is a greater 
reason than the man who has sacri- 
ficed his life on the altar of careless- 
ness ? For what IS greater than life ? 
There is nothing else under the sun 
that cannot be made in the world's 
vast factories and shops. There is 
absolutely nothing else in the world 
of which man, with all his knowledge 
and wisdom, has not at least made a 
fair imitation. 

Life is the one thing not quoted in 
the markets of the universe; it is the 
one thing that cannot be bought and 
sold at will. Would YOU throw 
dice with YOUR life at stake ? No— 
decidedly, no! Then why persist in 
unsafe practices? Life, your life, 
your partner's life. That's the per- 
sonal equation, the propelling force 
behind the SAFETY movement. 

vine miiiitmia iHiiiiimiuimciiiHiHHiiciimmnni itiiiJNiiinnniciiiiiRDiiiDiiiii ic iiiifoainiiinwicii murj' 

1 Building Business Boosters j 

= jiiiiu [; ■ [.Minimiiit 1 ( in-> C)ii"ii t;m Clin £)'"" Diiiiiiiiiulf] Hit 5 


March 19, 1920 j 
1 My dear Mr. Baugh: 

I constantly have a feeling | 

I that patrons of railroads ought j 

I to help the management by ex- j 

1 pressing their pleasure when | 

| they find good service. I have | 

I just returned from a journey on j 

I which I received very satisfac- ( 

| tory service on dining car 1023, | 

; and I am glad to write of the | 
| fact to you. 

Cordially yours, 

(Signed) NEWTON D. BAKER. f 

j Mr. E. V. Baugh, 

Superintendent Dining Cars, j 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, 
Baltimore, Md. 

I • • ■ ■ « - - « ° - ■ ■ 4 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine ■ 67 

Look Into These Almond Profits 
You Railroad Men 

Look into the character of the men 
who head our Association — shrewd level- 
headed business men who have in- 
vested large sums of their own money 
in almond orchards in the Paso Robles 
district, California. 

Verify from any authoritative, disinterested 
source the facts regarding the profits now be- 
ing made and the assurance of still greater 
profits to be made in the future from our big 
co-operative almond orchard development plan. 

Apply the same rigid tests to this investment 
that you would to any other- — and you will say 
just as emphatically as we do, that every claim 
we make is 100% fact — that we are offering by 
long odds and in every way the BEST invest- 
ment opportunity that has ever been brought 
to your notice. 

at Paso Robles 

C. A. Morse, Chief Engr.; E. A. Fleming, 
Ass't to PreS. ; J. Pickering. Sup't Trans. ; 
F. J. Shubert, Gen'l Frt. Agt. ; A. T. Hank, 
BUlg. Engr.; A. W. Towsley, Gen'l Super- 
visor Trans. ; C. T. Ames, Sup't Terminals; 
J. G. Bloom, Sup't.; H. E. Remington, Ed. 
R. I. Mag.; F. M. McKinnry. Dis. Trenton, 
Mo.; W. C. Maier, Off. Ass't Gen'l Mgr., 
El Reno; A. B. Gilbert, El Reno, Okla.; 
J. E. Turner, Chief Clk., Sup't Term.; J. B. 
Mackie, Off. Sup't Trans.; A. E. Owen, 
Chief Clk. Pres.; H. A. Ford. Telegrapher, 
Chgo. ; C. E. Murray, Cust.,Chgo.; I. Nelson. 
Off. Gen. Mgr., Chgo.; W. L. Johnson, 
Silvis, 111.; Elof Hansen. Silvis. 111.; T. B. 
Willard. Sec'y to Gen. Mgr., Chgo.; H. R. 
Fertig, Trans. Ins.; C. W. Brott. Sec'y to 
Ass't of Pres.; J. T. McKennan, Agt., 
Minn.; R. C. Sattley. Val. Engr.; J. M. 
Beattie, Off. Sup't Trans.; J. A. Victor, 
Chief Ins. Clk., Chgo.; E. G. Berdan. 
Stationmaster, Chgo.; R. L. Showers, Dis. 
Fairbury, Nebr. ; Frank H. Frey. Supv. 
Wage Agreem'ts, Chgo.; E. R. Orr, Off. 
Pres.; W.W. Camerson, Tmmtr., Fairburv. 
Nebr.; 0. H. Rea, Trav. Frt. CI. Adj.; 
O. F. McWhorter, Off. Gen. Sup't Frt. 
Claims; E. S. Mendenhall. Tel. Liberal. 
Kans.; R. E. Palmer, Agt.. Okla. City; 
Ernest Pringle. Herington. Kansas; Paul 
M. LeBach. Engr. Water Supply. Chgo.; 
J. A. Goudie. Fireman, Chgo.; W. Morton, 
Frt. Solic, Kans. City; C. E. Starr, Agt., 
Howe, Okla.; H. C. Jansen, Iowa Falls, 
la.; T. H. Wilhelm, Gen'l Frt. Agt., Fort 
Worth. Texas; R.R. Seeds, Div. Sta. Supv., 
Colo. Spgs., Colo.; W. A. Melton, Agt., 
Clayton, Mo.; John McGilp, Cabinet 
Maker. Chicago. 

$2,500 to $3,000 a Year 

From Only 10 Acres 

Mail the coupon below right now — today — or write to Major 
Paul Hevener, former Superintendent of Insurance of the 
Rock Island, now our Assistant Sales Manager. He will 
write you personally and tell you about his trip of investigation 
to Paso Robles and why, as a result of his investigation, he re- 
gards the ownership of one of these Orchard tracts as one pi 
the wisest, best paying investments a railroad man can make 
to insure for himself and family a life income when he retires 
from active railroad work. 

We will also mail you a free copy of our wonderfully 
interesting and beautifully illustrated book "A Life In 
come plus California" which gives full particulars re- 
garding this remarkable investment opportunity and 
proves by indisputable facts and figures that, on 
most conservative estimates, a ten acre almond or 
chard planted and brought into bearing by our 
Association will yield you net profits of from 
S2 500 to $3000 or more a year for life. 

Write or mail the 
Free Book 
Coupon— NOW! 

Associated Almond Growers of Paso Robles 

901-06 Lytton Building 

Chicago, 111. 

Paul Hevmer 

Associated Almond Growers 
of Paso Robles, Lytton 
Bldg., Chicago 

Name - ... 


City State. 

b. & o. 5 

Please mention our magazine when writing advertisers 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Air Pumped Direct to 

We were very glad to get the following 
letter from Mr. Barr: 

Staunton, Va. ( March i, 1920. 

To the Editor — In these times when we 
are trying to save fuel, I would like to ask 
our mechanics for a little information which 
might be of service to them as well as to me. 

If an engine can be run by mixing air with 
the steam, why can't an air pump be 
fastened to the frame of an engine under 
the boiler, so as to be geared up with the 
axle of the main drivers to furnish the 
power to operate the pump? Then this 
pump could pump air direct to the boiler 
with a check between it and the boiler. Of 
course, I understand it would only be of 
service while running; but When standing 
you don't use much fuel. 

Don't you think a page should be set 
aside in our Magazine for the asking of 
such questions? 

Yours truly, 

(Signed) W. T. Barr. 

Many readers will remember that several 
years ago we had a "Question Box" in the 
Magazine. An unusual amount of interest 
was shown in it for a time. This depart- 
ment can be made intensely interesting if 
we will but use it for information purposes 
— information about the hundreds of ques- 
tions that occur to most employes about 
the work of his or other departments. As 
stated in the April issue of the Magazine, 
a number of our officials have promised 
cooperation in handling these questions with 
authority and dispatch. C. A. Gill, super- 
intendent, Motive Power, Eastern Lines, 
sent us the following complete and satis- 
factory answer to Mr. Barr's question: 

It would be possible to design and build 
a pump to be driven by gears on a locomo- 
tive driving axle for the purpose of pumping 
air into the boiler. But it would not be 
practicable, for the air would cause the 
steam to condense, reducing the pressure. 
The mixture of air with the steam would 
also cause a loss in pressure in the trans- 
mission from the boiler to the cylinders on 
account of the cooling effect of the air, and 
the air not having the heat sustaining 
qualities of the steam. The loss in power 
in the cylinders would also be tremendous on 
account of the reduced expansion qualities 
of the steam — caused by the injection of air. 

The dead-weight to be carried and the 
power lost by the operation of the pump, 
would alone take at least twenty-five per 
cent, more power than would be gained, and 
this, together with the reduction in steam 
pressure and power, would result in a greater 
loss of fuel and efficiency in the operation 
of the locomotive than under the present 

Here's a Poser — Can You 
Do It? 

E. N. Fairgrieve, car distributor in the 
office of the General Superintendent, Pitts- 
burgh, and Magazine correspondent there, 
sent in the following problem several weeks 
ago. Half a dozen or more of our technical 
men had a look at it and several of them 
promised to send in the solution. To date 
they have not "arrived." Can you solve it? 

Pat and Mike, two energetic employes of 
a railroad, one time met at a little social 
gathering, and, after a while, the conversa- 
tion drifted to the discussion of service 
records. Pat, being the older, was very 
proud of his record and keenly resented the 
assertions of Mike, who was prone to 
exaggerate, with a head full of knowledge, 
supposedly. The argument waxed warm, 
and Pat's feathers became somewhat ruffled. 

"Begorra," said he, "Oiv been wurkin fer 
the road so long it's every tie Oi know from 
here to the sea coast. The two of us together 
have wurked forty-four years. Oi wurked 
twice as long as you whin Oi was in the 
service half as long as you will be whin you 
have wurked three toimes as long as Oi have 
whin Oi wurked three toimes as long as 

"Be jabers," replied Mike, "it's a foine 
scholar yez are." 

Who can tell how long Pat and Mike 
worked? The answer will appear in the 
next issue. 

A Winning Combination 

A BOOST from a railroad man of a 
foreign line is always appreciated. 
On March 12, Mr. Joseph J. Hooper, 
general claim agent of the Southern Rail- 
way Company, dined on our No. 6. After 
giving the order for his dinner he picked 
up a copy of the Baltimore and Ohio 
Magazine. At first he glanced at it casu- 
ally, then became more and more interested, 
until finally he became so absorbed in 

its contents that he hardly noticed that 
his dinner was ready and waiting for 
him. When he was about to leave the 
dining car, he said to the Steward, E. H. 
Sherman, "This is the best railroad maga- 
zine I have seen. I have enjoyed it 
thoroughly and was deeply interested in 
all of the articles. Would you mind if I 
took it along with me?" 

The Steward readily consented, and Mr. 
Hooper remarked as he passed out of the 
car that the Magazine was comparable in 
excellence with the meal that had just been 
served him. 

You Can Cut the Size of the 
Big Coal Bill 

By F. Kerby 
Supervisor Locomotive Operation, Cumberland, Md. 

It's the little leaks that always count, 
Make the fuel bills jump to a large amount. 
The holes in the fires and netting, too, 
They sure raise Cain with the CO'2s; 
But you can stop them — help make them nil, 
You can take a shot at the big COAL BILL. 

Don't go along with a listless head, 
But be wideawake and think instead. 
You have entered the service, fit and true 
And the Company puts it up to you 
To find these leaks. Don't rest until 
You have cut the size of the big COAL BILL. 

Prepare your fires and keep them bright, 
Watch the netting and see that it's tight, 
Carefully watch the smoke at the stack, 
Have it just colored and not jet black. 
Just use your head with a right good will, 
To trim the size of the big COAL BILL. 

Repair the joints that are leaking steam, 
Have valves reset, flues good and clean. 
Your chance is good for better pay, 
If you roll up your sleeves and start today 
To stop the leaks. Keep trying till 
You've cut the size of the big COAL BILL. 

As your goal grows nearer every day, 
Monotony will soon give way 
To interests new and to keen delight, 
In keeping clean fires and joints good and tight. 
And your work and mine will be easier still, 
When you help cut the cost of the big COAL 

In Railroading, as in every- 
thing else, the most people 
go where the most 
satisfaction is given 

■ Hf9 ?TKfcTCH itAS/^CHAS 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Be a Master of Traffic Management 

There is a big and ever-increasing demand for men trained in Railway and 
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Present Position 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Doesnt R Make You feel Good All Over When fl Passenger* 6ets On And 

A First-Raie Engineman 

WE NEVER get tired of telling a 
story like the one told by the 
following letters. This is the kind 
of work that is appreciated; it not only 
establishes a record for the man himself, but 
is a credit to his officers and a reflection 
on the policy of the Railroad and its Safety 
education : 


St. Louis, February 2, 1920. 
Superintendent, Illinois Division, 
Baltimore and Ohio R. R., 
Washington, Ind. 
Dear Sir — I wish to express a word of 
appreciation of the engineer who hauled the 
first No. 1 in this afternoon from Washing- 
ton. His thoughtfulness in notifying sec- 
tion forces, especially in obscure places, by 
the usual signal of a following section, was 
a delight to listen to. He also notified the 
conductors of long freight trains, waiting 
on sidings, in the same way. At the cross- 
ing just west of the Wabash River, where 
there was an approaching auto, I never 
heard an engineer using greater care to tell 
them of his coming. As my work on the 
Virginian is largely with section foremen, I 
could not help but appreciate his care, and 

^")iliinmMD< !l"IIOIIiUlf^-;ilii iiCmil 01111111 t-^- I CM imt [^CuidiO 'iliia Ilimit^ 

An Italian weekly, The Gaz- j 
j zeita del M assachu setts, pays this j 
I tribute to Lincoln: ^ 

"Let us honor the name and j 

| memory of Abraham Lincoln, j 

the most beautiful American 
j figure the world ever saw. 

j Humanist and literary man; | 

| statistician and diplomat; man j 

j of steel mind and with a heart | 

f as soft as that of the Naza- ★ 

I rene; rigid as a soldier at his | 

| poit and honest to exaggera- | 

| tion as president; an Ameri- j 

can in ail his veins and in I 

every throb of his heart, but 

| a brother in spirit of all the j 

| oppressed and of all the races j 

f and creeds — he was predes- ★ 
| tined; and was the greatest 

liberator of all times." I 

*> »>'»' * ' — > ★> i - " -4 

think that if the great body of railway 
workmen would bring to their work such 
kindly thoughtfulness, it would make our 
individual and national experience much 
more peaceful and happy. 

Yours truly, 

(Signed) A. B. Pickell. 
Care of Agent, Virginian Railway, 
Roanoke, Virginia. 

Flora, III., February 6, 1920. 
Mr. A. B. Pickell, 

Care of Virginian Railway, 
Roanoke, Virginia. 
Dear Sir — Referring to your letter of 
February 2, dated St. Louis, I want to 
thank you for complimenting our engineer. 
However, in all probability, if you make a 
return trip over our line with a different 
engineer you will find him doing the same 

We were one of the pioneers in the 
SAFETY movement and our men have been 
educated along these lines. Engineer W. 
A. Borders, who was pulling first No. 1 on 
February 2, is one of the oldest engineers 
on the Illinois Division and this is an every- 
day occurrence with him. He was simply 
obeying our rules, which require him to 
whistle signals to section men and both 
ends of freight trains. However, I thank 
you for your letter, as I am glad to hear from 
outsiders that our men are complying with 
our rules. 

In order to show Engineer Borders that 
things like this are noticed by outsiders 
and also for the benefit of other railroad 
men on the division, I am going to have 
your letter published in the Baltimore 
and Ohio Magazine. 

Yours trulv, 
(Signed) C. G. Stevens, 


W. A. Borders entered the service of the 
Company as a Fireman, January 17, 1881, 
was promoted to Engineer on March 25, 
1884, and to Passenger Engineer on April 
2 7i I9°3- He is one of the best engineers 
on the Illinois Division and several reports 
of his good handling of passenger trains 
have been received. 

Keep Up the Good Work, 
Mr. Smith 

Chicago, February 4, 1920. 
To the Editor: 

In a recent issue of our Magazine, my 
attention was drawn to the encouraging 
remarks made by passengers on the service 
rendered on the car which I had the honor 
to be in charge of during the month of 
November. That was a big reward, indeed, 
for my little endeavor to make passengers 
feel at home on our Railroad, and I am 
proud of it. 

If every employe who is a buffer between 
the public and our Railroad would show 
the public our appreciation of their patron- 
age, and would study to please and to be 
courteous, half the battle would be won. 

If they would only think quickly before 
the tongue slips and antagonizes the 
patrons, it would eliminate a great deal of 
dissatisfaction and censure on the part of 
the public. During the two years I have 
been in our Dining Car Department, I have 
found that our trainmen, our dining car 
men and our sleeping car men are very 
superior, always ready and willing to do 
their utmost in the interest of the service, 
the comfort and the convenience of the 
traveling public. 

Yours very respectfully, 

(Signed) J. E. Smith, 
Steward D. C. 1020 

Sunday School in a 
Pullman Car 

WE HAVE heard many stories of 
resourceful conductors, but the 
following incident as told by S. W. 
McNabb, district superintendent of the 
Pullman Company in Baltimore, is quite 
a variation from the ordinary. The con- 
ductor in this case is a Baltimore man, 
R. L. Hamilton, who has been known to 
demonstrate his thoughtfulness for patrons 
in many unusual circumstances. 

On Sunday morning, February 29, a lady 
passenger in car Naumkeag, Baltimore and 
Ohio train No. 7, en route Washington to 
Chicago, accompanied by her son and 
daughter, informed the Pullman Conductor, 
R. L. Hamilton, that both of the children 
held records for regularly attending Sunday 
School and that each received a gold bar 
for each year of such attendance. But, as 
No. 7 would not reach Chicago until too 
late for Sunday School service, she was 
anxious to see where they could get off the 
train, attend Sunday School, and then 
catch a later train into Chicago. 

The Conductor informed her that Willard 
would be about the best place; that thev 
could leave there on No. 9 for Chicago after 
attending Sunday School. However, he 
suggested further that it might not be 
necessary to do this and that he would 
discuss the matter again a little later. Tre 
party then went to the diner for breakfast. 
Mr. Hamilton was resourceful and looked 
over his passengers. Finally he approached 
a gentleman and asked him if he saw anyone 
on the car who might be a Minister of the 
Gospel. The gentleman replied "No, but 
I teach a Bible class in Minneapolis." 
The Conductor explained the situation and 
the gentleman agreed to teach the Sunday 
School lesson. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

On the return of party from the diner, 
the Pullman Conductor made known the 
result of his investigation; sections 9 
and 10 were made ready for service, and 
Mr. D. M. Graham of 1210 Twenty-fifth 
St., Minneapolis, Minn., taught the lesson 
to Mrs. Jake Haitian, Mr. Jake Haman, Jr., 
and Miss Olive Bell Haman, all members of 
the family of Vice-President Haman of one 
of the western railroads. The Pullman 
Conductor then gave a signed statement to 
Mrs. Haman attesting that the service was 
held in car Naumkeag, Baltimore and Ohio 
train No. 7, somewhere in Ohio on Sunday 
morning at 9.30 a. m., on February 29, and 
that the lesson was taught by Mr. D. M. 
Graham, so that this certificate could be 
presented to their home Sunday School and 
the children get credit for attending Sunday 
School even though traveling at the time. 

Democracy and Socialism 

DEMOCRACY and socialism are be- 
coming confused in the public mind. 
To treat individuals equally is the 
essence of democracy. To make individ- 
uals equal in substance, largely by unequal 
treatment, is the essence of socialism. 
There has been too much of the latter and 
too little of the former in recent legislation 
and in labor union practice. 

The socialists would first destroy capital, 
the third one of the inalienable rights of 
man — life, liberty and property — and then 
the second one, liberty, for each individual, 
fearing he may do more than his share of 
work, slackens his pace until the mass finds 
there is not enough produced to even sus- 
tain life, not to mention the conveniences of 
civilization. Then the mass, through them- 
selves or through a dictator, find it necessary 
to force themselves to work. Virtual slavery 
is thereby established and liberty vanishes. 

Fortunately, in an enlightened state the 
instinctive feeling that the laborer is worthy 
of his hire and that one is entitled to own 
what he may rightfully acquire, coupled 
with instinctive hatred of slavery, will ward 
off full socialism, communism, Bolshevism, 
etc., but it is well not to flirt too much with 
these ideas, as is the present tendency, or 
the whole population will be made miserable 
and degraded. — Ed-ward P. Casey, in N. Y. 

Passing the Buck 

WE are told that a broker, en route to 
Palm Beach, stepped out on a sta- 
tion platform during a stop to 
change engines, carrying, for certain reasons, 
his traveling bag, which he set down beside 

him. Presently a man bore down upon him 
and demanded, "Is that your bag?" 

Although his interrogator was not in 
uniform, the broker, remembering the bag 
contained 3 bottles of whiskey and fearful 
of prohibition sleuths, promptly answered, 

On this the stranger seized the bag and 
disappeared. Bemoaning the loss of his 
favorite beverage, the broker strolled to 
the other end of the platform. There 
stood another traveler with a bag at his 
feet. Seized with a sudden inspiration, 
the broker stepped up to him and asked, 
"Do you own that bag?" 

"No," came the reply. 

So the broker seized the bag and boarded 
the train. After a while he opened the 
bag. It contained 5 bottles of liquor. 

■ — Coast Banker. 

Sharp Shots 
By Dinty Moore 

Men won't admit it, but a great ma- 
jority of them are expert dish-washers. 

Every married couple who have a son 
think that he ought to be President. 

What has become of the o. f. milk 
wagon that used to come around and 
ring a bell? 

Why is it that it will take a girl about 
four hours to paint and powder and 
then put on a knee-length (m. or 1.) 
skirt? Who does she think is going to 
look at her face? 

Did you ever see a person act as fool- 
ish as a girl who is just engaged? 

It sure gets your goat when you stop 
in at your favorite cafe and the barkeep, 
who formerly dished out the red eye, 
asks you, "What are you going to have, 
milk or sarsaparilla?" 

A woman can come out in January 
with low cuts and a straw hat and get 
away with it, but if a man tried it he 
would be put in the strong ward. 

Cars Are Only Earning 
When Wheels Are Turning 

IHilMlC » lllttJ"'il'fll* I 


Magazine Correspondents 
Attend Veterans' Meetings 

Some of our Veterans' Associa- 
tions invite the Magazine cor- 
respondents of their respective 
localities to attend their meet- 
ings. This enables our division 
people to keep in touch with the 
activities of the Veterans through 
the Magazine and, if generally 
adopted, would be of assistance 
to the various Veterans' chap- 
ters. Our correspondents will 
be glad to help the secretaries 
of the chapters in preparing 
notes of meetings, interesting 
articles, etc., for the Magazine. 
It is a good thing for the old boys 
and the young boys to get to- 
gether once in awhile, anyhow. 

If You Want To Be Loved 

Don't contradict people, even if you're 
sure you're right. 

Don't be inquisitive about the affairs of 
even your most intimate friend. 

Don't underrate anything because you 
don't possess it. 

Don't believe everybody else is happier 
than you. 

I&on't conclude that you have never had 
any opportunities in life. 

Don't believe all the evil you hear. 

Don't repeat gossip, even if it does interest 
a crowd. 

Don't jeer at anybody's religious belief. 

Learn to hide your aches and pains under 
a pleasant smile. Few care whether you 
have the earache, headache, or rheumatism. 

Learn to attend to your own business — a 
very important point. 

Do not try to be anything else b©t a 
gentleman or gentlewoman, and that means 
one who has consideration for the whole 
world, and whose life is governed by the 
Golden Rule, "Do unto others as you 
would be done by." 


It MaKes Quire A Difference When You Havefe Get Off YnArself 


Misuse of Registered Stamps, Form 578— Spl., on 
Railroad Business Mail 


By J. C. McCahan, Jr. 
Manager Mail and Express Traffic 

NDER date of March r, 1920, the fol- 
lowing circular was issued by this office: 


Registered stamps, Form 578 — Spl., will 
not be affixed to any matter, except they 
may be used for transmitting pay checks, 
pay rolls, vouchers, tickets, coupon books, 
meal checks, important documents of the 
Relief and Savings features and for trans- 
mitting packages of mail and mail pouches 
by officers between their offices and them- 
selves when on line. They will not be 
affixed to mail addressed to other railroads 
and when mail covered by such stamps is 
received from other railroads it will not be 
signed for or recorded but treated as ordi- 
nary mail. Currency, coin and Liberty 
bonds will not be transmitted by train mail, 
either registered or non-registered. 

The purpose of curtailing the use of these 
stamps is to eliminate unnecessary use, an 
abuse which still continues, and which 
works a hardship upon baggagemen, agents 

and others in handling such mail. The use 
of registered stamps does not expedite the 
handling of R. R. B. mail because of the time 
consumed in the preparation of waybills, 
recording of stamp numbers, taking re- 
ceipts, etc. On heavy baggage car runs 
the handling of so many of these stamps 
interferes with other work of baggagemen. 

The abuse has been one of long standing 
and seems to have grown into general 
practice; in many instances apparently no 
consideration is given to character of mail 
in the use of registered stamps. We know 
of a recent case where four . registered 
stamps were placed on the back of one 
envelope. The sender evidently thought 
the stamps were some kind of sticker for 
fastening envelopes. There are thousands 
of pieces of important mail handled in and 
out of Baltimore each day without .being 
registered and which reach destinations 


Conducting Transportation Department 

W. S. Berkmeyer Conductor Canton, Ohio. 

J. H. Coulbourn Passenger Brakeman Philadelphia, Pa. 

George G. James Conductor Baltimore. Md. 

John F. Wunner Clerk New York. N. Y. 

Motive Power Department 

L. A. Cather Machinist 

William D. Lenderking Plumber 

Henry Loveridge General Foreman 

H. W. Oldenburg Car Inspector ' 

Maintenance of Way Department 

Ira E. Baker Section Foreman 

J.J. Price....! Account Clerk 

J. W. Richmond Water Station Foreman. . 

J. F. Thome Section Foreman 

Fairmont, W. Va. 
. . . Baltimore, Md. 
East Chicago, Ind. 
. .Cincinnati, Ohio. 

. Kanawha Station, W Va. 

Newark. Ohio. 

Garrett. Ind. 

Aviston, III. 


The following employes were honorably retired during the month of March, 1920, with pensions: 


Last Occupation 



j Years of 
[ Service 

Host, Daniel L. 
Hovermale, Fred. W. 

Jessop, Hiram J 

Quinn, Martin 

Schaidt, Henry 

Stone Benjamin F. . 

Stull, Benjamin R 

Thomas, William H . . 
Wells. William I 

Trainmaster .'. 


Machine Operator... 

Machinist Helper 


Telegraph Operator. . 


Material Distributor. 

Cond'g Transportat'n .1 C. & N 

Cond'g Transportat'n .1 Baltimore 

Motive Power j Newark 

Motive Power J Connellsville . 

Maintenance of Way . .1 Cumberland 

Telegraph 1 Connellsville... 

Cond'g Transportat'n. Baltimore 

Stores I Baltimore 

Cond'g Transportat'n . Ohio River 


The payments to pensioned employes constitute a special roll, contributed by the Company. 
During the calendar year 1919, S331.920.15 was paid out through the Pension Feature to 
those retired. 

The total payments since the inauguration cf the Pension Feature, October 1, 1884. are 
S3. 949. 968. 95. 

The following employes, after serving the Company faithfully for a number of years, have died: 


Last Occupation | D m e n t t "| Division Date of Death 

Connors. Matthew, D.. 

Crown, George F 

Doud. Michael 

Dowling. Matthew. Sr 

Mohler. John H 

Monahan. Nicholas . . . 
Murdock. George A. . . . 

Quintan, James 

Remsberg, Calvin F , . . 

Ridings. George W 

Riley, James W 

Sinnott, John 

Stone, Benjamin F 

Stunz. Herman P 

Taylor, Robert I 
Thurlow, David B 
Weisgerber, Edward L 
Welsh, Thomas 





Car Builder 



Section Foreman. . . . 


Passeng'r Conductor 


Machinist Helper. . . 
Telegraph Operator 
Machine Hand. 
Material Distribut'r 


Master Mechanic. . . 

C. T 
M. W 
M. P 
M. P 
M. P 
M. W 
M. P 
M. W 
M. W 
C. T 
M. W 
M. P. 
M. P 
C. T 
M. P 
M. P 


Baltimore . . . 
Baltimore. . .. 




Baltimore. . . 
Bait imore. . . . 
Mt. Clare . . 
Baltimore. . . . 
B. ill imore . . . 


Baltimore. .. 
Connellsville . 

March 17. 1920 . . 
March 13. 1920 . . 
March 6, 1920. 
March 9. 1920. . . 
March 15. 1920. . . 
March 16, 1920. . 
March 11. 1920. . 
March 23. 1920. . . 
March 22. 1920 . . 
March 15. 1920 . . 
March 1, 1920. . . 
February 13, 1920 
January 22, 1920 . 
March 10, 1920 . 
February 5. 1920 
March 8, 1920. . . 
March 19, 1920 
February 20, 1920 


safely and promptly. There is no reason 
why all mail cannot be so handled and it is 
only upon matter of extreme importance, 
such as that indicated in the circular re- 
ferred to, that may warrant special record' 

Instructions are now in effect that where 
baggagemen are in a position to observe 
mail matter being sent out under registered 
stamps that is of such character as to not 
warrant their use. to report each case to 
the Manager Mail and Express Traffic, 
giving character of contents, where known, 
and the stamp number. In this way we 
hope to reach the office at fault for the 
misuse of registered stamps. 

Cooperation on part of all offices toward 
restricting the use of these stamps to only 
important matter indicated will aid us in 
giving ordinary mail quicker attention and 
will assist in the efficient handling of traffic 
in baggage cars. 

A Good Universal Military 
Training Plan 

A SMALL Regular Army supplemented 
by a large Citizen Army is the ideal 
sought in The American Legion Army 
Reorganization Bill (Senate Bill 3792) to 
which the support of the Legion is pledged 
through its National Legislative Committee 
in accordance with resolutions adopted at 
the Minneapolis Convention. 

The provisions of the bill may be sum- 
marized as follows: 

The large citizen army would be composed 
of all young men between the ages of eighteen 
and twenty-one, who would take a four 
months' course in intensive training — voca- 
tional, educational and military. 

Veterans of the war would not be called 
upon to serve these four months or to take 
any other training, although provisions prob- 
ably would be made to accept veterans who 
volunteered to assist in the training program. 

Young men could elect, if they so desired, 
to substitute for the four months of inten- 
sive training an enlistment of three years in 
the National Guard. This National Guard 
service would be under rules specified by 
the Federal Government, requiring weekly 
drills and certain standards of proficiency. 

The training proposed would not interfere 
unduly with the regular occupations of the 
young men enrolled because there would be 
both Winter and Summer periods of which 
they could make their choice. This would 
enable the youth working on a northern farm 
to select the Winter training period and be 
assigned to a training camp in the South. 
In any event, he would be away from home 
a comparatively short time and he would 
not be absent during the harvest season. \ - . 

Furthermore, young men would be placed 
in training according to the service for which 
they are best suited. For example, negro 
youths of the South who had not gone far 
in schooling might be enrolled in labor bat- 
talions. In these they would acquire the 
rudiments of drill, but more important, 
would learn habits of right living. 

Are Present Property Prices Based 

Upon Real Values? 

For thirty-five years the Relief Department has given Baltimore and Ohio 
employes the best possible advice on the values of real estate. Now, when 
rentals and selling prices are higher than they have been for years, is the time 
for the prospective buyer of a home to seek unbiased advice. 

Some real estate men and dealers in building materials think that high prices 
will stay; others, equally experienced, think that the high prices will drop. 
No prediction seems to be based on anything more.than an individual opinion. 
There are so many factors to be considered that jthcre_ is much guess-work to it. 

(Here is a home at 
Relay, Md., which we 
are helping one of our 
employes buy. A com- 
fortable house, with 
enough ground for gar- 
den, chickens, etc. This 
man writes us that he 
wouldn't go back to his 
rent-consuming apart- 
ment for anything!) 

One thing, however, the Relief Department can do. It can judge fairly of 
the circumstances in a particular case. It will tell the prospective purchaser 
whether the price demanded seems fair or shows evidence of profiteering. The 
Relief Department will help Baltimore and Ohio employes, but cannot lend 
money on speculative values. To do so would be to help the borrower to n poor 
bargain. Isn't that true? Isn't it fair? 

We wish to protect the employe who buys, and must protect those whose 
money we are investing. 

Our building inspectors are familiar with costs of material and property 
values along the entire Baltimore and Ohio System. The service of these men 
is yours for the asking. Address 

"Division S," 
Relief Department. 
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. 
Baltimore, Md. 

Please mention our magazine when writing advertisers 

This is Mr. Charles Broil, one of the oldest engineers of the 
Baltimore and Ohio, who runs the famous "Royal Blue." 
Mr. Broil wears and swears by "true blue" StifePs Indigo Cloth. 

Since the time of the first railroads, strong, sturdy, fast- 
color, never-break-in-the-print StifePs Indigo has been the 
k \ popular garment cloth for railroad men. Before you buy 


look for this trade-mark on 
the back of the cloth inside 
the garment. It is the 

guarantee of the genuine Stifel's 
Indigo Cloth, which never has been 
successfully imitated. Garments 
sold by dealers everywhere. 
We are makers of the cloth only. 


Indigo Dyers and Printers 
Wheeling, W. Va. 


NEW YORK 260 Church St. 

PHILADELPHIA 1033 Chestnut St. 

BOSTON 31 Bedford St. 

CHICAGO 223 W. Jackson Blvd. 

SAN FRANCISCO Postal Telegraph Bldg. 
ST. JOSEPH, MO Saxton Bank Bldg. 

BALTIMORE Coca Cola Bldg. 

ST. LOUIS 604 Star Bldg. 

ST. PAUL 233 Endicott Bldg. 

TORONTO .... 14 Manchester Bldg. 
WINNIPEG . . .400 Hammond Bldg. 
MONTREAL Room 508 Read Bldg. 

VANCOUVER 506 Mercantile Bldg. 

Please mention our magazine when writing advertisers 

Baltimore «M\ 

M&gazi rye 

Makers of The Flag 

THIS morning, as I passed into the Land 
Office, The Flag dropped me a most cordial 
salutation, and from its rippling folds I heard 
it say: "Good morning, Mr. Flag Maker." 

"I beg your pardon, Old Glory," I said, "aren't 
you mistaken? I am not the President of the 
United States, nor a member of Congress, nor 
even a general in the army. I am only a Govern- 
ment clerk." 

"I greet you again, Mr. Flag Maker," replied 
the gay voice, "I know you well. You are the 
man who worked in the swelter of yesterday 
straightening out the tangle of that farmer's home- 
stead in Idaho, or perhaps you found the mistake 
in that Indian contract in Oklahoma, or helped to 
clear that patent for the hopeful inventor in New 
York, or pushed the opening of that new ditch in 
Colorado, or made that mine in Illinois more safe, 
or brought relief to the old soldier in Wyoming. 
No matter: whichever one of these beneficent in- 
dividuals you may happen to be, I give you 
greeting, Mr. Flag Maker." 

I was about to pass on, when The Flag stopped 
me with these words: 

"Yesterday the President spoke a word that 
made happier the future of ten million peons 
in Mexico ; but that act looms no larger on the 
flag than the struggle which the boy in Georgia is 
making to win the Corn Club prize this summer. 

"Yesterday the Congress spoke a word which 
will open the door of Alaska; but a mother in 
Michigan worked from sunrise until far into the 
night, to give her boy an education. She, too, is 
making the flag. 

"Yesterday we made a new law to prevent 
financial panics, and yesterday, maybe, a school 
teacher in Ohio taught his first letters to a boy 
who will one day write a song that will give cheer 
to the millions of our race. We are all making 
the flag." 

"But," I said impatiently, "these people were 
only working." 

Then came a great shout from The Flag: 
"The work that we do is the making of the flag. 

"I am not the flag; not at all. I am but its 

"I am whatever you make me, nothing more. 

"I am your belief in yourself, your dream of 
what a People may become. 

"I live a changing life, a life of moods and 
passions, of heart breaks and tired muscles. 

"Sometimes I am strong with pride, when 
men do an honest work, fitting the rails together 

"Sometimes I droop, for tnen purpose has gone 
irom me, and cynically I play the coward. 

"Sometimes I am loud, garish, and full of that 
ego that blasts judgment. 

"But always, I am all that you hope to be, and 
have the courage to try for. 

"I am song and fear, struggle and panic, and 
ennobling hope. 

"I am the day s work of the weakest man, and 
the largest dream of the most daring. 

"I am the Constitution and the courts^statutes 
and the statute makers, soldier and dreadnaught, 
drayman and street sweep, cook, counselor, and 

"I am the battle of yesterday, and the mistake 
of tomorrow. 

"I am the mystery of the men who do without 
knowing why. 

"I am the clutch of an idea, and the reasoned 
purpose of resolution. 

"I am no more than what you believe me to be 
and I am all that you believe I can be. 

"I am what you make me, nothing more. 

"I swing before your eyes as a bright gleam of 
color, a symbol of yourself, the pictured sugges- 
tion of that big thing which makes this nation. 
My stars and my stripes are your dream and your 
labors. They are bright with cheer, brilliant with 
courage, firm with faith, because you have made 
them so out of your hearts. For you are the 
makers of the flag and it is well that you glory in 
the making." 

Delivered on Flag Day, 1914, before the employes of the Deparltnent of the 
Interior, Washington, D. C, by Frank/in K. Lane, Secretary of the Interior. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Buy NOW 

for Next Season's 

Don 't wait. Make your reservation 
for an almond tract now. • Available 
acreage for next season's planting 
is being rapidly taken up. Quick 
action is now necessary. * Investigate 
this wonderful opportunity at once. 
Get all the facts. Read the whole 
story in our wonderfully interesting 
illustrated booklet, "A Life Income 
Plus California." Mail coupon for 
your free copy today. We can still 
arrange for a planting for next 
season, if you hurry. 


Major Paul Hevener, former Superin- 
tendent of Insurance for the Rock Island 
and now our Assistant Sales Manager, 
has thoroughly investigated this proposi- 
tion and strongly recommends it to his 
railroad friends. 

Just see how rapidly the Rock Island 
family at Paso Robles is growing. These 
men. have eagerly grasped this wonderful 
opportunity which insures for them finan- 
cial independence for life when they get 
ready to quit railroading. It's just the 
chance you have long been waiting for. 

$2500 to $3000 a Year for Life 
From a 10-Acre Tract 

You owe it to yourself to find out why such surprisingly big profits can so 
easily be made from 10 acres of almonds. You may think that we are over- 
shooting the mark when we say that from $250 to $300 an acre is a very con- 
servative estimate. But we are not. We have facts and figures to present to 
you which positively prove that our estimates are far below the actual returns. 
Let Major Hevener tell you about it. He will give you absolutely straight 

While out at Paso Robles he investigated every phase of the almond industry. 
He looked all along the road to see if he could find any loose spikes in the 
whole proposition — and he could not find a single one! He bought two 10-acre 
tracts for himself and considers it the wisest investment he ever made. He 
figures that, come what may, he is fixed for life, just as are many other rail- 
road men who are putting aside a part of their earnings for the purchase of 
one or more of these almond tracts. 

Small initial payment — easy monthly payments — half the purchase price taken from the 
crops — 700 pedigreed bearing almond trees to each 10-acre tract — your funds safe-guarded 
by one of the largest Trust Companies on the Pacific Coast — these are just a few of the 
features of this remarkable opportunity. 

at Paso Robles 

C. A. Morse, Chief Engr.; E. A. Fleming, 
Ass't to Pres. ; J. R. Pickering. Sup't Trans. ; 
F. J. Shubert, Gen'l Frt. Agt. ; A. T. Hawk, 
Bldg. Engr. ; A. W. Towsley. Gen'l Srper- 
visor Trans. ; G. T. Ames, Sup't Termin-ls; 
J. G. Bloom, Sup't ; H. E. Remington, Ed. 
R. I. Mag. ; F. M. McKinney. Dis. Trenton, 
Mo.; W. C. Maier. Off. Ass't Gen 1 Mgr., 
El Reno; A. B. Gilbert, El Reno, Okla.; 
J. R. Turner, Chief Clk.. Sup't Term.; J B. 
Mackie, Off. Sup't Trans.; A. B. Owen. 
Chief Clk. Pres.; H. A. Ford. Telegrapher. 
Chgo.; C. E. Murray, Cust.,Chgo.;I. Nelson, 
Off. Gen. Mgr., Chgo.; W. L. Johnson, 
Silvis. 111.; Elof Hansen. Silvis. 111.; T B. 
Willard. Sec'y to Gen. Mgr., Chgo.; H. R. 
Fertig, Trans. Ins.; C. W. Brott, Sec'y to 
ft. ,'t of Pies.; J. T. McKenran, Agt.. 
Minn.; R. C. Sattley. Val. Engr.; J. M. 
Beattie. Off. Sup't Trans.; J. A. Victor, 
Chief Ins. Clk., Chgo.; E. G. Berdan, 
Stationmaster, Chgo.; R. L. Showers, Dis. 
Fairbury, Nebr.; Frank H. Frey. Supv. 
Wage AgTeem'ts, Chgo.; E. R. Orr, Off. 
Pres.; W. W. Cameron, Trnmtr., Fairbury, 
Nebr.; O. H. Rea, Trav. Frt. CI. Adj.; 
O. F. McWhorter. Off. Gen. Sup't Frt. 
Claims; E. S. Mendenhall. Tel. Liberal. 
Kans.; R. E. Palmer, Agt.. Okla. City; 
Ernest Pringle, Herington, Kansas; Paul 
M. LeBach, Engr. Water Supply. Chgo.; 
J. A. Goudie, Fireman, Chgo.; W. Morton, 
Frt. Solic, Kans. City; C E. Starr, Agt., 
Howe, Okla.; H. C. Jansen, Iowa Falls, 
la.; T. H. Wilhelm. Gen'l Frt. Agt.. Fort 
Worth, Texas; R.R. Seeds, Div. Sta. Supv., 
Colo. Spgs., Colo.; W. A. Melton. Agt., 
Clayton, Mo.; John McGilp, Cabinet 
Maker, Chgo.; A. G. Darrall, Loco. Engr., 
Eldon, Mo.; C. F. Jahn. Tariff Bureau, 
Chgo.; J. M. Flanagan. Telegrapher, Chgo. ; 
C. G. Adams, C. C. to V. P. & G. M., Chgo. 



This is the most authoritative 
book on almond growing for 
profit ever published. It tells 
yoa how we came to select the 
Paso Robles district — why the mostjdesirable almond growing lands in all Cali- 
fornia are found in the Paso Robles district — pictures of the entire almond 
growing industry. Beautifully illustrated throughout. Mail coupon today. 

Associated Almond Growers of Paso Robles 

901-06 Lytton Building 

Chicago, 111. 

aul BcTtoer 

Associated Almond Growers 
of Paso Robles, Lytton 
Pldg., Chicago 




B. & o. 8 



Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 





By WM. M. WOOD, Air Brake Instructor 

PRICE $2.50 

Contains examination questions and an- 
swers on the E-T equipment. Covering 
what the E-T Brake IS. How it should be 
OPERATED. What to do when DEFEC- 
TIVE. Not a question 
can be asked of the 
either the No. 5 or the 
No. 6 E-T equipment 
that is not asked and 
ANSWERED in the 
book. If you want to 
thoroughly understand 
the E-T equipment get 
a copy of this book. It 
covers every detail. 
Makes Air Brake 
troubles and examina- 
tions easy. 

Norman W. Henley Publishing Co. 



Mt. Royal Station BALTIMORE, MD. 

Send Check or Money Older 


Knife and 
Chain FREE 

it of Dick- 
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or Vmtt Chains. 
special offer, 

No Money Down 

This 21 -jewel Illinois Watch — the Bunn Special Bent 
on trial. Do not send us a penny The Bunn Special, 
made to be "the watch for railroad men," is adjusted 
to 6 positions, extreme heat, extreme cold and isochron- 
ism, 21-jewel movement, Montgomery Dial, handsome 
guaranteed 20-year, gold-filled case. Guaranteed to 
pass inspection on any railroad. 

After trial a few cents a day 

Watch comes express prepaid to your home. Examine it first. 
Only if pleased Bend $11 as first payment. Wear the watch. If 
al ter ten davs you decide to return it, we refund deposit im- 
mediately. If you buy, seed only $6.50 a month until $55 is paid. 

Order Today on Trial 

J. M. LYON & CO. ^T^cTy 

His Idea of a Phenomenon 

A darky being asked the meaning of the 
word phenomenon, answered in this man- 

"De oder day Ah was walkin' down a 
country road admirin' de scenery. Ah seen 
a thistle growing by the roadside. A little 
further on Ah heard a bird singin' in a tree. 
Now, if Ah seen dis cow sittin' on dat thistle 
like a bird, Ah'd call dat a phenomenon." 
— Springfield Union. 

Cars Are Only Earning 
When the Wheels Are Turning 




Formerly Member Examining Corps, U. S. 
Patent Office. Prompt and Personal Service 

Washington Loan & Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C. 

A Real Pessimist 

Two Scotchmen sat beside the road 
puffing away at their pipes and talking of 

"I dinna ken just what real pleasure is," 
said one gloomily. "There's aye summut 
to spoil things fer you. " 

"How do you make that out?" asked his 

"Well, take smokin' fer instance," said 
the other, "if ye're smokin' yer ain 'baccy 
ye're thinkin' of the awfu' expense, and if 
ye're smokin' some ither bodies 'baccy yer 
pipe is rammit so tight it winna draw." — 
Charles W. Hamilton, Correspondent, 
Wilmington, Del. 

Investors Invited to Write for Information 
and Particulars 
Highest References. Besl Results. Promptness Assured 



624 F Street, N. W. Washington, D. C. 


Sympathizer: "What's the trouble, lad- 

Stage Manager: "The show's ruined, 
my boy, Lady Godiva's bobbed her hair." 
— London Sketch. 

The Best Parable 

Parson: "Do you know the parables, 
my child?" 

Johnnie: "Yes, sir. " 

Parson: "And which of the parables do 
you like best?" 

Johnnie: "I like the one where some- 
body loafs and fishes." — Philadelphia 


Volume 8 

Baltimore, 'June, 1920 

JNumber 2 


F. C. Batchelder. Vice-President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and 

Executive Representative in Chicago 

Curtis Bay Pier Employes Smash All Coal Cargo Loading Records ■ 

Companions in Progress— The Press and the Railroads Cooperated in 

1830 as in 1920 in Service to the Public James T. Doyle 

By Special Invitation Francis Lynde 

Section Foreman Wins Carnegie Hero Medal 

Maryland Xeeds Real Men for Her National Guard 

Commercial Development Means Business Insurance for the Railroad 

H. O. Hartzell 

Through Soviet Russia with the Czecho Slovaks Colonel George H. Emerson 

The Road to Good Health 

Pictorial , ' 

Do You Know of an Older Baltimore and Ohio Relic than This 

Editorial • 


Timely Tips Tell Truthful Tales Flank M. Keane 

Fine Automobi'e the Token of Friendship from Maryland District Em- 
ployes to Former General Superintendent Cah'il 

Those Who Want to Attend an Accounting School, Hold Up Your Hands! 

M. A. Jones 

Social " 

Women's Department— Edited by Margaret Talbott Stevens 

Our Veterans • «<i-.i. 

Average Miles Per Car Per Day 

Ephraim F. Provance— The Engineer Who Saved Annapolis 

Safety Roll of Honor 

Among Ourselves ■ 



published monthly at Baltimore, Maryland, by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to 
promote community of interest and greater efficiency among its employes. Contri- 
butions are welcomed. Manuscripts and photographs will be returned upon request 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


At Home, Quickly and Easily 
By Marvelous New Method 

A combination course in Wireless Telegraphy and Telephony perfected 
by the National Radio Institute that will fit you in a few months for a 
position paying approximately $175 a month to start, if you consider 
that living expenses are included. 

Men with experience or trained as telegraphy operators have a decided advantage 
over the beginner and will be able to complete the course and qualify as a trained 
radio operator in about one-half the usual time required. This means more rapid 
advancement for you to the bigger positions paying better salaries. 

Future success assured our graduates. Hundreds of attractive and interestingposi- 
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Age Address. 



Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


F. C. Batchelder, Vice-President of the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad and Executive 
Representative in Chicago 

i -HERE is one outstanding im- 
pression given the traveler 
first entering Chicago, namely 
-Railroads. To paraphrase the lines 
of the poet and with more than a sug- 
gestion of truth in the figure : 
Railroads to right of you, 
Railroads to left of you, 
Volley and thunder. 
Railroads and railroads; switches 
and crossovers; track elevations and 
track depressions; fast main tracks 
and mazes of yard tracks; round- 
houses and machine 
shops; small crossing 
shanties by the hun- 
dreds and big freight 
houses by the dozens; 
busy humps and grimy 
coal chutes; small en- 
gines switching short 
trains and great Mi- 
kados panting from 
their heavy tonnage; 
trains de luxe swiftly 
gliding past miles of 
weatherbeaten freight 
cars; bascule bridges 
and grain elevators 
rearing their masses 
of steel and concrete 
high in the air; great 
passenger terminals 
thronged with busy 
people — this is Chi- 
cago, the largest and 
most important rail- 
way transportation 
center in the world. 

Twenty-three trunk 
lines have their termi- 
nals in Chicago, with 
nine switching lines 
and five small indus- 
trial lines to help serve 
their needs. The aero- 
plane picture of the 
network of rails is a 
spider web, closely 
spun at the center, 
with numerous con- 
necting bands in the 
heart of the terminal 
section and radiating 
outward in gradual ly 
thinning lines of steel 
to the production and 
distribution reservoirs 
of the North, East, 
South and West. And 
back in the heart of the 

city, in the center of this swarm of rail 
traffic, in busy terminal and general 
railroad offices, are the controlling 
factors of the situation, the railroad 
managers— traffic, maintenance, trans- 
portation, financial — who make of 
this vast transportation plant a well 
regulated machine and keep order 
from becoming chaos. 

Chicago won its rail transportation 
preeminence because of many fac- 
tors. It is, of course, the count rj s 
greatest rail transfer point, the West 

F. C. Batchi'.der 
Vice-Presiient and Ex.-culivc Representative in Chicago 

in particular sending to the popu- 
lation centers of the East, grain, live 
stock, ore and heavy timbers. Chi- 
cago is also a great originating source 
of traffic. The city itself manufac- 
tures almost everything which can be 
manufactured, while around it have 
grown up in such industrial centers 
as Indiana Harbor, Gary, and South 
Chicago, numerous plants producing 
iron and steel and the thousands of 
finished articles of commerce made 
from them. By its very situation, 
conveniently located 
on Lake Michigan in 
respect to rail transpor- 
tation facilities, Chi- 
cago has become the 
natural meeting point 
of the East and the 
West. ( hire the rail- 
roads reached it from 
the East, new roads 
v ere pushed out into 
the West by the em] >ire 
builders of the last few 
derades of the nine- 
teenth century. Rail- 
road men of the East 
met railroad men of 
the West in Chicago 
and there pooled their 
experiences. And if 
the East contributed 
in a large way to the 
financing of the roads 
from Chicago west, 
these roads in turn 
produced a new breed 
of railroad men, many 
of *whom have since 
won their way to the 
front on important 
Easti?* 1 !! trunk lines. 

Chicago is the cen- 
ter of the railway sup- 
ply markets of the 
world. Many of the 
most important rail- 
road publications are 
produced there. And 
if anything else were 
needed to indicate the 
ever-increasing im- 
portance of the city as 
the railroad center of 
the country, it would 
be the fact that the 
Railroad Labor Board, 
provided under the 
Transportation Act of 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

1920, is now holding its hearings 
there, Chicago having undoubtedly 
been chosen as most convenient to 
the many factors which enter into the 
important investigations of the Board. 

In charge of this important field 
for the Baltimore and Ohio is Mr. F. 
C. Batchelder, who is President of the 
Chicago Terminal Railroad, Vice- 
President of the Baltimore and Ohio 
and Executive Representative in 

Mr. Batchelder was born on a farm 
in Wisconsin in 1857. Between the 
months of hard work which fell to the 
lot of the farmer's son in those days, 
he got what education the district 
school afforded until he was sixteen. 
In 1874, he entered the service of the 
C. M. & St. P. R'y as a Telegraph 
Operator, later becoming Train Dis- 
patcher and Chief Train Dispatcher. 
In 1888 he went with the M. St. P. 
& S. S. M. R'y Co. as Chief Dis- 
patcher, later becoming an Assistant 
Superintendent and then Superin- 

On July 1, 1899, Mr. Batchelder 
came with the Baltimore and Ohio as 
Superintendent of the Chicago Divi- 
sion. Later he was Superintendent 
of the Newark Division and then 
went back to Chicago as Superin- 
tendent. From 1907 to 19 10 he was 
General Superintendent at Baltimore. 
In 1 9 10 he was made Vice-President 
of the Baltimore and Ohio Chicago 
Terminal Railroad, later becoming 
its President and in 191 7, under 
Federal control, its General Manager. 
On March 1, of this year, he was 
made Vice-President of the Baltimore 
and Ohio and Executive Represen- 
tative in Chicago. 

In 1 9 10, soon after Mr. Willard be- 
came President of the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad Company, we acquired 
by purchase the properties of the 
Chicago Terminal Transfer Railroad 
Company, consisting of about 75 
miles of main tracks within the Chi- 
cago Switching District, and the 
Grand Central Passenger Station, 
located at Wells and Harrison Streets, 
in the City of Chicago. Speaking in 
this connection, Mr. Batchelder said 
to the writer: 

"The importance of this purchase 
is, I presume, not generally under- 
stood by the readers of our Maga- 
zine. Before this the Baltimore and 
Ohio had no trackage in Chicago 
(except about two miles of line con- 
necting the Chicago, Rock Island and 
Pacific tracks with those of the 
Chicago Terminal Transfer), entrance 
into Chicago being effected by leases 
over the tracks of other companies. 
The Baltimore Company under the 
old leasing arrangement was unable 
to make the industrial development 

which is so important to a trunk line, 
particularly in a great industrial center 
like Chicago. The Baltimore and Ohio 
Chicago Terminal and the territory 
adjacent to it have great possibilities 
in this direction, and it has been the 
policy of the Management to encour- 
age them in every possible way. In 
1910 there were located on the lines 
230 industries; at this time there are 
410, all of which are shippers over the 
Baltimore and Ohio, both inbound 
and outbound. 

"Since 19 10 the Baltimore and 
Ohio Chicago Terminal has expended 
for improvements such as track ele- 
vation, new roundhouses, coach yards, 
additional tracks, etc., $7,870,198.00, 
and will be obliged to spend several 
millions more within the next ten 
years to complete track elevation, 
and for other necessary improve- 
ments, thus giving the Baltimore and 
Ohio as good terminals in Chicago as 
those possessed by any other Chicago 
lines with perhaps one or two ex- 

"In 1909 there was employed on 
the Terminal an average of 28 small 
switch engines per day, and the 
earnings for that year were $1,044,- 
067.00. In 1 9 19. 39 engines were 
worked, and the earnings were $2 ,058,- 

"The Baltimore and Ohio Chicago 
Terminal also furnishes an entrance 
into Chicago under trackage arrange- 
ments to the Pere Marquette, Chi- 
cago Great Western, Minneapolis, St. 
Paul and Sault Ste. Marie, and the 
Chicago, Terre Haute & South East- 
ern Railroad Companies." 

In one corner of Mr. Batchelder's 
office hang four autographed photo- 
graphs of men under whom he served 
his apprenticeship and who have since 
become the executives of trunk lines. 
One is of A. J. Earling, who was Chief 
Dispatcher of the C. M. & St. P. R'y 
when Mr. Batchelder was a Telegraph 
Operator on that system. Mr. Ear- 
ling afterward became President of 
that railroad. Another picture is of 
F. D. Underwood, who was General 
Manager of the Soo Lines when Mr. 
Batchelder was a Superintendent of 
the same road, and who is now Presi- 
dent of the Erie Railroad. Another 
is of E. Pennington, who became 
General Manager of the Soo Lines 
while Mr. Batchelder was a Superin- 
tendent there, and who is now 
President of that system. Finally 
there is the picture of our own Presi- 
dent, Mr. Willard, whose first railroad 
association with Mr. Batchelder was 
that of Locomotive Engineer to Chief 
Dispatcher on the Eastern Division 
of the Soo Lines. Later, while Mr. 
Batchelder was Superintendent o'f the 
\\ estern Division of this road, Mr. 

Willard was Superintendent of its 
Eastern Division. 

In speaking of this group Mr. 
Batchelder said: 

"These men started their railroad 
careers in positions of relatively 
small importance. Their opportu- 
nities for advancement were not com- 
parable with the opportunities facing 
the young railroader of today — with 
his better facilities for systematic 
training in technical and apprentice 
schools, extension universities and 
correspondence schools, and with the 
far greater variety and extent of rail- 
road literature at his disposal. Merit 
counts more today than ever because 
there is a greater demand for the 
well-trained man, more scientific 
and careful supervision of working 
forces, a keener study by executives 
of the rank and file to discover un- 
usual talent and reward it. The 
square deal is in the saddle and the 
large number of young men who are 
being chosen for executive positions 
in the railroad world show that it is 
working 24 hours a day." 

Wear Your Goggles! 
Save Your Eyes! 

The accompanying picture is of 
W. Savchuk, tender repairman at our 
Locust Point car shops. Savchuk 
was holding the cutter and his part- 
ner was swinging the maul when the 
clipped bolt head flew against the 
tender, rebounded and shattered one 
glass of his goggles. His eye was not 
injured at all. 

Eye injuries bulk heavily in the 
total number of accidents. They are 
certainly most serious because of the 
supreme value of the eye of the 

Don't take chances. Wear your 

W. Savchuk 
He's glad he "took the trouble" • 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Curtis Bay Pier 
All Coal Cargo 

TUST after our men at Curtis Bay 
had smashed all world records in 
loading coal carrying steam- 
ships, by putting 7,222 tons into the 
S. "Maiden" at the Coal Pier on 
May 20 in 1 hour and 58 minutes, 
Frank Boyer, Chief Mate of the ship, 
ijstepped up to a group of our officials 
iand said : 

'Boys, I am getting tired of this 
life. We no sooner get our boat into 
(the harbor than you fellows load her 
!up and out we go again. I like the 
;ea, but I also like a breathing spell 
|ashore between trips. " 

But Mate Boyer wasn't really in 
earnest in what he said. On the con- 
trary, he was almost as pleased over 
the performance as were our own 
men. For if it hadn't been, for the 
active . and cordial cooperation of 
Captain Richard J. White, Chief 
Engineer M. T. Bare and Mr. Boyer, 
all of the "Maiden," in doing every- 
thing they could from the boat end. 
it is doubtful if the new record 
could have been made. 

How It Was Done 

As a matter of fact, the value of 
team work has seklom showed to 
better advantage than in this per- 
formance. The other two factors 
were enthusiasm and organization. 
The mechanical facilities had to be 
right, of course, and they were. But 
it was principally a question of per- 
sonnel, not materiel — the pier was 
there before, and so were the boat 
and the coal. 

Officials and employes responsible 
for this performance had a previous 
record well worth while trying to 
beat. On May 10, the "Maiden" 
was loaded at the rate of 2,748 tons per 
hour. And when E. W. Scheer, 
general superintendent of the Mary- 
land District, called an organization 
meeting in his office a few days prior 
to the successful final trial, he and 
Superintendent Hoskins, of the Balti- 
more Terminals, and the men there 
knew that they had a job on their 
hands. Indeed, one of them an- 
nounced at the beginning of the 
meeting: "It can't be done." It 
took some pretty close figuring, to 
convince him that it could. 

The Mechanical Problem 

The accompanying reprint of the 
article which appeared in the Balti- 
more American to cover the record 
loading on Mav 21, gives the details. 



II we 
t and 
re foi 1 



FRIDAY, MAY 21, 1920. 



Kmployes Smash 
Loading Records 


Work Is Completed In One Hour 
and FiFty-eight Mlnutee — This Is 
at a Rate of More Than One Ton 
a Second — Hubbard, Jr., Which 
Aided Pershing's Ship, Reach's 
Hampton Roads in Command of 

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
yesterday afternoon surpassed the 
world's record made last week at 
Curtis Bay In the quick loading- of 
coal-carrying- steamships. Its former 
world record was made on May 10, 
when the steamship Maiden was car- 
goed with 6.967 tons of bituminous 
coal for Boston in two hours and 44 
mtnutcE, or at the rate of 2.748 tons 
an hour. That record was 23 per 
tent, in advance of the best previous 
showing-. But yesterday's record 
makes all previous performances look 
like pi gray operations. The same 

• • was In berth — the Maiden 

—and she took in 7,222 tons In one 
hour and 58 mlnutea This Is at the 
rate of 3,fi72 tons an hour, and more 
than one ton per second. The opera- 
tion exceeds that of May 10 by 33 
per cent, and that of the best record 
previous to May 10 by 43 5-10 per 

The Maiden made fast at the pier 
at 3:03 P. M.; the movement of the 
coa! from the dumpers at the land 
of the pier began at 3:05 P. M.. and 
the last of the 151 cars had deposited 
its contents into the hold of the Mai- 
den at 5:03 o'clock. 

It must be understood that as the 
carro nears its finish the operation 
Is somewhat retarded by comparison 
with the first hour or so. This is due 
to the fart that the flow of coal into 
one of the hatches must be lessened 
or altogether stopped so that an un- 
even strain may not be placed upon 
any portion of the vessel, the object 
being to maintain the vessel's equili- 
brium in the water as nearly as pos- 

During the first hour, for example, 
101 cars containing 1 4,545 tons was 
dumped into the ship. Had it been 
possible to maintain this rate of 
speetl the entire cargo of the Maiden 
would have occupied only one hour 
and 36 minutes. The pier could have 
easily done it, but the vessel had to 
be considered. 

The wonderful achievement of the 
Curtis Bay pier last week stirred up 
attention of railroad men, coai men 
and shipping men thorughout . the 
country so much that the pier was a 
mecca for visitors from New York 
and Philadelphia and elsewhere. 
These included three civil engineers 
from the South Manchurlan Railway 
of China, w-ho said that thoy had vis- 
ited all the great coal piers of the 
world, hut none of which compared 
with thoso at Curtis Bay. DoubtlesM. 
t here fore, yesterday's performance 
being superior to last week's record 
by nearly one-third, wilt cause them 
to wonder if there be any limit to I 
Curtis Bay's capacity for speed and i 
endurance and the quick get-away of | 
shins coming to this harbor for coal 
cargoes. The Maiden will sail for 1 
Boston this morning, just exactly 10 
days since she previously left Bal- 
timore for her home port with 6,967 | 
tons abroard. 

SCmrt |fl 
tida, A*rhu( 

( Dsn. ) . r| 
Norfolk. 1P| 

Star*. !f 
tr>n Bnd«»| 
N>w Torkf 
nopl*. 1 f. 1 
JuniatA Bt/ 



To be delivered to Its new owners. 

The two pictures on these pages, 
showing the "Maiden" while being 
loaded, indicate something of the 
mechanical problem and its solution. 
It was essentially the nesting or the 
close grouping, while working at 
capacity, of the four towers deliv- 
ering their streams of coal into the 
cargo space on the boat. 

This required careful study of blue 
prints of pier machinery, vessel 
measurements and other mechanical 
factors, and was worked out at the 
organization meeting, so that every- 
thing was in readiness when the 
vessel was finally alongside the pier 
and the word was given for the start- 
ing of the big machinery units. 

How Machinery Operates 

To those who have not seen the 
Curtis Bay Coal Pier in operation, a 
glance at the accompanying pictures, 
with the following description, will 
help clarify the way they work. 

Jhe coal cars are picked up by the 
McMyler dumpers, which turn them 
upside down, pouring the coal into 
hoppers, which, in turn, automatically 
feed it on to the belts shown in the 
picture. The four belts in the centre 
are the main loading belts. Three of 
these are shown loaded with coal, 
the other having completed its job 
of loading the bow of the boat, 
each belt feeding through its respec- 
tive tower to that place in the car#o 
space opposite which it is working. 

The two belts on the extreme south 
and north sides of the pier are fed 
from large storage bins built of con- 
crete. The coal handled over these 
belts is loaded mostly into scows for 
bunker purposes. This allows the 
operation of the maiJ* belts for the ex- 
elusive purpose of loading into ships — 
the smaller belts and machines taking 
care of the scows and smaller craft. 
In thisrecordloadingof the"Malden," 
however, the belt on the south 
side was pressed into service and was 
operated at a speed of 450 feet per 
minute. At this rate it delivered 
coal into the boat at practically the 
same number of tons' per minute as 
did each of the four main loading 

The large belts drop their loads of 
coal on other continuous belts, 
working in the towers and operated 
in a lateral movement across the pier. 
From these lateral belts the coal 
drops into the boat. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Ri'ht to left, firs! row: C. P. Kuhan, superintendent pier; M. L. Padden, general foreman; J. H. Kenny, night general foreman; F. J. Brady, chief clerk; F. S. Price, 
barney foreman; G. J. Doherty, assistant chief clerk; A. J. Trogler, dock foreman, night. 

Second row: H. Conrades, car checker; M. Tubbs, tower operator; T. Wincies, trimmer operator. 

Third row: A. Sulin, engineer; J. H. Hammill, oiler; William Gardiner, dock foreman, day; R. Johnson, tower operator; H. Machen, tower operator; A. Feathers, 
tower operator; L. Huster, barney operator; A. Schumacher, cradle operator; F. Cwalina, oiler; P. Youngbar, tower operator. 

Fourth row : G. Landes, tower operator ; L. Wolgemuth, foreman old pier; William Feeney, engineer ; E. Reddington, trimmer mechanician ; F. B. Davis, electrician ; J. H. 
Jones, machinist; R. E. Kelly, machinist; M. J. Ryan, trimmer mechanician; H. Krause, machinist; W. Rogalski, trimmer operator and C. Weinhold, trimmer operator. 

Each main coal tower is controlled 
by an operator, stationed in a little 
house, one of which can be seen in 
an accompanying picture. He can 
move the tower forward and back- 
ward the long way of the pier and 
can also move the bridge, which is a 
part of each tower, vertically or up 
and down, and in addition, laterally 
or across the pier. 

Mechanical Trimmers 

Although the mechanical trimmers 
are not needed for the loading of a 
beat of the "Maiden" type, which 
is a ?elf-tr:mmer with open cargo 
space, they are very efficient in 
loading types of eoal-earrying boats 
having separate cargo compartments. 
Here they distribute the ccal in 
accurate quantities into the corners 

of these compartments. At the bot- 
tom of these trimmers is a continuous 
belt which operates at a speed of 
about 2,600 feet per minute. The 
coal is dropped from the lateral belts 
on these fast revolving belts and by 
them is thrown into the corners of the 
cargo space. The man controlling 
the trimmer can move it in a radial 
motion or so that the opening through 

A good picture of the four loading towers. The coat was loaded so fast that the crew had just five minutes leeway in ge'ting rid of its water ballast 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


These men had a big part in the job, too. In the front row are Trimmer Foremen A Graham, W. Z. Rice, D. Brown, John Myer and A. Parker 

which the coal is thrown can be 
turned to all points of the compass, 
facing any direction inside the boat 
and thus reaching all inaccessible 
places. The trimmers can also be 
operated up and down, higher or 
lower, as necessity may demand. 

Before the installation of the 
mechanical trimmers it was necessary 
to have this trimming done by hand 
labor, and a very hard and dirty .job 
it was, so much so, in fact, that the 
men employed as trimmers were ac- 
.customed to use a t^pe of gas mask, 
similar to the ones so widely used 
during the war, to prevent inhalation 
of the coal dust. The men operating 
the mechanical trimmers, one to each 

trimmer, are supplied with these 
masks when working the trimmers 
in the dusty cargo spaces of the 

The main belts are sixty inches 
wide, the trimming belts forty-eight 
inches wide. 

President Willard Congratulates 
Responsible Employes 

The article in the Baltimore Amer- 
ican, shown in the accompanying re- 
production, was widely reprinted in 
newspapers all over the country, 
particularly in cities where coal 
carrying vessels are loaded. Our 
officials were very much pleased with 
the performance, President Willard 

writing Vice-President Galloway as 
follows : 

Washington, D. C, May 21, 1920. 
Mr. C. W. Galloway, Vice-President. 

Dear Sir — I have just received your mes- 
sage announcing a new record made at 
Curtis Bay in connection with the loading 
of the Steamship "Maiden." 

So far as I know, the record made in load- 
ing the " Maiden " at Curtis Bay on the 20th 
insta*. has never been exceeded at any other 
port. I have no doubt, however, that you 
will some day do even better at Curtis Bay. 

My hearty congratulations to you and 
all others connected with this excellent 

Very truly yours, 

Three of the main loading belts and the be", of one of the trimmer's carrying coal. The empty be'.t had finished loading forward cargo space of the "Maiden. 

belts as compared with men on pier, and different elevations of belts to reach respective towers 

Note size of 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Results to Railroad 

This performance means much 
more than the mere hanging up of 
a world's record. It means that 
through the enormous capacity of 
this coal pier, thus demonstrated, 
and with our facilities for the loading 
of coal boats at New York, the Balti- 
more and Ohio will now be able to 
take care, with its own facilities, of 
practically all the coal mined for 
export on its own lines. 

Those in Charge 

The work was done under the 
direction of Mr. Scheer, assisted by 
Mr. Hoskins, and particular credit 
should be given to Assistant Train- 
master Riley, stationed in Curtis Bay 
Yard, for seeing that the coal was 

kept up to the dumpers; General 
Foreman M. L. Padden, in charge at 
the dumpers; Pier Superintendent 
C. P. Kuhan for looking after the 
general mechanical operations, and 
Assistant General Foreman J. H. 
Kenny, who supervised dumping and 
trimming .on the boat. 

Their pictures, taken with a num- 
ber of our other employes who put 
over this big job, are shown on 
these pages. 

Expect to Beat this Record 

The machinery on the coal pier 
gave excellent satisfaction and it is 
the confident belief of the officers in 
charge at the making of this record 
that the limit has not been reached. 
As Mr. Scheer said: "I believe we 

have reached about 85 per cent, effi- 
ciency and we are certainly not going ! 
to be satisfied with that." 

The Public Must Pay 

An unwelcome by-product of the 
outlaw strikes will be a further 
mulcting of the taxpayers of the 
nation to make good an increased 
deficit in the railroad accounts. An 
interruption, if only for a few days, 
of a traffic paying a revenue of many 
millions a day, while expenses go on 
almost unchanged, makes a percep- 
tible difference in the balance sheet. 
And in this, as in pretty much every- 
thing else, it is the public that has to 
pay. — Harvey's Weekly. 

Companions in Progress 

The Press and the Railroads Cooperated in 1830 as in 1920 in Service to the Public 

By James T. Doyle 

IT SEEMS a fitting coincidence 
that the oldest newspaper of con- 
tinuous publication in America, 
the Baltimore American, should be 
the one to have featured, editorially 
and in advertising, the first published 
time-table of the oldest railroad in 
America, the Baltimore and Ohio. 
Hand in hand these two organizations 
have "grown up" together, 
comrades in industrial 
development, associates n 

A few days ago, when in 
search of some information 
bearing upon the early part 
of the nineteenth century, I 
entered the file room of the 
Baltimore American, con- 
taining historical informa- 
tion which is beyond price. 
General Agnus, the pub- 
lisher, guards this section 
with double locks, for 
therein is carefully kept an 
unduplicated record of 
notable events ; a history of 
the City of Baltimore, of 
the State of Maryland, and 
of the United States, daily 
written and daily published 
from August 22, 1773, down 
to today — with not a day's 
record missing. | 
A search of these files | 
discloses many things, 
quaint and curious. There 
are advertisements from 
the hand of George Wash- | 
ington for runaway slaves; 

there are notices of commodity 
sales, wherein the medium of ex- 
change was a certain number of 
pounds of tobacco. But the article 
that appealed to my fancy as bearing 
a deep interest, not alone for railroad 
executives and operatives, but for all 
men engaged in commerce and in- 
dustry, and linking the past with the 

General Felix Agnus, Publisher of the Baltimore "American' 

present in an unusually significant 
manner, was a combination news item 
and advertisement. It was the first 
advertisement of a railway passenger 
train in the world, and appeared in 
the issue of the Baltimore American 
for May 21, 1830, signed by P. E. 
Thomas, the first President of the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, which 
at that time was operated 
between Baltimore and 
Ellicott's Mills, Md., 13 
miles distant. 

Here was a union be- 
tween the oldest railroad 
and the oldest newspaper 
of the country, manifesting 
a mutuality of hope and 
confidence ; of good will and 

This shows that at the 
very inception of its career, 
the Baltimore and Ohio 
appreciated the value of the 
press as an agency for bring- 
ing the public and the Rail- 
road into closer relationship, 
with the great objective of 
developing this virgin con- 
tinent — an objectiverealized 
in its twentieth century 
magnificence and power. 
The policy that the Com- 
pany thus inaugurated in 
1830 has been continuous 
throughout the nine dec- 
ades that have passed, 
and this is evidenced by the 
constant use of the adver- I 
tising columns of the news- j 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


papers of the country. Further- 
more, its early trust in the enterprise, 
patriotism and fairmindedness of the 
press has been vindicated and jus- 

There has never been a period in 
the history of the country, certainly 
during the last three or four decades, 
when the real railroad situation has 
been presented to the public by the 
newspapers with such clearness, insis- 
tence and strong support as now. In 
fact, on April 22 last, at the Annual 
Convention of the American News- 
paper Publishers' Association in New 
York, the needs of the railroads were 
emphasized in a series of preambles, 
and the following resolution was 
then unanimously adopted: 

RESOLVED, That the members of 
the A. N. P. A. secure and publish fully 
the essentia] facts with regard to the 
car shortage, and the legitimate necessi- 
ties of the railways, so that the public 
may be intelligently advised, and also 
use every endeavor to cooperate in the 
present emergency, in conducting cam- 
paigns for expediting the unloading and 
dispatch of freight cars, and in such 
other proper ways. 

The May issue of The Baltimore 
and Ohio Magazine contained a 
copy of what was thought to be the 
first time-table of the Baltimore and 
Ohio, dated June 17, 1830. The 
records of the Baltimore American, 
however, show that this first adver- 
tisement appeared on May 21, 1830, 
and the accompanying reproduction 
is a facsimile of this, which was 
written in the form of an editorial. 
It is evident that America was inter- 
ested in the developments of the rail- 
road and that the editor considered 
it the real topic of the day. 

We are fortunate in securing and 
present to our readers a fine likeness of 
General Agnus, a veteran of the Civil 
War as well as in the publishing world. 


.?..vo co MMKncui. n.m.Y JinvEVTisr.R. 


FRIDAY MOfttftNC, .MAY Si, 18,Ht. 




We stated in yesterday's .Imcrican that the ltaii- 
rooJ would 1)3 opened for 'ravelling between thij ojty 
and Elllcotts' Mills on Monday next, tho 21th instant, 
Mid wo have now thepleas'iir! of publishing an official 
annunciation of the fact. This information, we arc 
e.ssuredj will be received with scnthrtonts of uniningled 
satisfaction by our fellow citi/.ens, and also by the 
friend* of Interna] improvement in every part of the 
Union. When a practical experiment on so extended 
r scale is so noon to be hourly exhibited, it is scarcely 
worth out whilo toHpcak of its rei'il's in anticipation j 
but we will nevertheless venture to assert that it 
will prove porfoctly satisfactory to cvory one who vi- 
sits too Road, and establish r-owlusivcly 11,0 f aCt o( " lrlc 
enperiorityofthis mode of intercourse and trade over! 
ovary other. 

Office of the Baltimore ami Ohiit 7?»;.'-> W,? 

men otherwise quite worthy and is 
more to be pitied than scorned. We 
have heard of the literary genius who 
would rather starve than write "ads;" 
we know of a barber who would "be 

d d" rather than clip a poodle; a 

house painter who threw up his job 
in preference to using a paint sprayer 
instead of a brush; a freight tallyman 
who would not touch a hand truck 
because "he was a clerk;" and we 
recollect an incident where a ship- 
wrecked sailor, clothed in little else 
than his dignity, scornfully refused a 
livery coat with gilt buttons, exclaim- 
ing, "Me — an able seaman — wearing 
a coachmans coat ? NEVER!" 

What is it Puck says, or quotes, in 
regard to us mortals? 

:?0|t, May, IKK). 3 
road between Baltimore and Silicons' ^lills will be 
opened for the transportation of passengers, on MON J 
DAY, tho 24th instant. 

A brigade,- or train of coaches, will leave the Com- 
pany's Depot on Pratt-slrcct, and return, making three 
trips each day— starting at the following hours pre- 
cisely, viz: — 

Leave Baltimore at 7 A. M< and Ellicotts' at D a. m. , 
" 11 A. Mi " " 1 p ' M - i 

«< d r. m. " " r- ' 

The price for the trip of twenty-six miles, will be 
seventy-five cents for each person. Tickets to had at 
the Depot. Should the demand be found to exceed 
the present means of accommodation, passengers will 
be unck-r the necessity of going and returning in the 
same coach, until a sufficient additional number oi 
turriages can be furnished. As coon as this can be 
effi cted, of which due notice will be given, prov ision 
wi'l be made for travelling a shorter distance than the 
whole trip. P- THOMAS, President 

Baltimore and Ohio Rail-road Cvmpowj. 

Miv °0 1830. ''^ ' 

'{^CThc editors of the National Intelligencer and 
Telc-ranli, Washington, will publish the above three 

The First Railroad Timetable- 
leading editorial 

run as a 


By John Newman 
Terminal Timekeeper, Pier 2 1 , New York 

TRUE dignity exists, but, like true 
modesty, it does not advertise 
itself. Dignity implies modesty 
with elevation of mind, integrity, 
generosity, and the serene self-con- 
sciousness that the possession of these 
qualities imparts, creating a demeanor 
that commands deference. 

But there is a mock dignity — a 
curious attribute that should puzzle 
students of mind philosophy — a queer 
kink in man's makeup that, instead 
of inviting admiration and reverence, 
provokes ridicule and contempt. 

Many varieties of this fraudulent 
order of dignity, such as ostentation, 

arrogance, conceit and self-exaltation, 
are encountered, masquerading in a 
cloak of dignity, but, as in the case of 
yEsop's ass, the camouflage is pene- 
trable and betrays the faker. The 
garment does not fit. A more be- 
fitting costume would be a lemon- 
colored domino with holes like those 
provided in a horse's sunbonnet, and 
for the same purpose. 

Dignity knows no inferiors but 
recognizes inferiority and attracts it. 
Pomposity sees inferiors even^vhere 
and is repellent. Dignity is noble; 
mock dignity stalks abroad in the 
person of the poseur. 

There is also a species of dignity 
which, though very real, often as- 
sumes a ludicrous aspect. "Profes- 
sional pride," it is called. It affects 

Mr. Schwab's Six Rules 
for Success 

IN an informal talk to the under- 
graduate students at Princeton, 
recently, Charles M. Schwab 
gave these young men the points 
which he considers necessary in a 
man's character in order to make life 

"Boys, you can have a good time 
in life, or you can have success in 
life-" said Mr. Schwab, "but you 
cannot have both. 

"The thing you want to do is to 
make up your minds what you are 
going to drive for and to let nothing 
stand in the way of its ultimate ac- 
complishment. I am going to try to 
give now what seems to me to be the 
fundamental requirements for a suc- 
cessful life: 

"First, unimpeachable integrity; 
second, loyalty; third, a liberal edu- 
cation in the finer things of life, of 
art, of literature, will contribute to- 
ward a success in life. Man needs 
imagination, and' these are the sources 
for it. 

"Fourth, make friends; fifth, con- 
centrate; sixth, g%at your work. 
You may not find yourself the first 
year. Don't hesitate to change from 
distasteful work, but don't change 
because difficulties come up or trou- 
bles arise." 

Picked up Here and There 

By "Ernie" Baugh 
Fisher's Beach, Miami, Fla. 

Three opinions of the Lady Life Safer in 
an Annette Kellerman: 

Young fellow about twenty-five — "Here is 
where I take a chance on drowning." 

Boy ? i witn a Maryland License on his 
car — "S-o-m-e Peach'" His wife a good 
fellow I very quickly, "In Maryland we leave 
better than that on the tree." 


By Special Invitation 

By Francis Lynde 

NINE o'clock, and the orderly 
decorum of a well-regulated 
railroad office reigned in Sur er- 
intendent Elbert's quarters. The 
chief clerk's chair was still unoccu- 
pied, but the stenographer was at his 
typewriter, and Roy, the office opera- 
tor, was sitting at his- table on the 
opposite side of the room. 

"Is Burwell coming down this 
morning?" Roy asked, tossing the 
query over to the stenographer. 

' ' Sure ! ' ' said Beard. ' ' Don't sup- 
pose a little thing like a wedding 
would stop him, do you?" 

"Didn't know but it might — so 
long as it's his own." 

"Don't you believe it. He'll be 
here, and he'll stay till the last min- 
ute — till the church bell begins to 

Roy laughed. "Charlie does stick 
pretty close," he said, turning to his 
key to answer his office call. For a 
few minutes his pen kept pace with 
the tapping of the sounder. Then: 
"Here's a wire from President May- 
hugh at Ute Springs. Wants his car 
Argyle taken on 7 tonight to Moun- 
tain Junction, and an engine at the 
Junction to run him special over the 

"All right," said Beard, "I'll give 
the order to the despatcher," and he 
filled out the form. 

Roy yawned, tilting in his office 
chair. "Inspecting the Extension: 
the president can have that job for 
all of me — 200 miles without a place 
where they can get a square meal." 

"Well? — the Argyle' s got a cook 
and a kitchen." 

"That's so. I tell you what, 
Beard, that's the way to travel. 
When I take my wedding trip it'll be 
in a private car." 

" Humph !" said Beard ; "it won't 
be the president's car. Imagine Mr. 
Mayhugh asking Charlie!" 

"Can't; because I've never seen 
Mr. Mayhugh." 

Beard chuckled. "I have — just 
once. I think he has gout, or some- 
thing. Came in here one day to ask 
why an engine wasn't ready to take 
him out to the shops, and I thought 
he'd bite my head off before I could 
explain anything." 

The clicking sounder was calling 
again, and as Roy turned to his table 
Burwell came in. He nodded pleas- 
antly to Beard, and sat down to his 
desk as calmly as if it were merely the 
beginning of an ordinary day's work. 

He was a clean-cut young fellow of 
the alert type, smooth-shaven and 
neatly clothed, and he carried a cer- 
tain air of precise and efficient energy 
that fitted his position to a nicety. 

While he was rapidly sorting the 
mail and dictatingto Beard, an elderly 
ranchman came in. Burwell broke 
off in the middle of a letter, and 
turned to the caller with an affable: 
"Well, what can I do for you?" 

" Thort I'd drop up and see what 'd 
been done about that there cow you 
fellers killed for me," said the farmer. 

"What was the name'" Burwell 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

" Hackthorne — Jabez Hackthorne. _ 
Thort ye knowed me." 

Burwell looked at his ticker. 
"Your claim is being investigated, 
Mr. Hackthorne. Come in in about 
a week and we may have it ready for 

"All right," said the farmer. "She 
was a mighty good cow." Then see- 
ing the water cooler at the far end of 
the counter-railing: "I s'pose this 
here's drinkin' water, ain't it?" 

"Yes; help yourself," said Bur- 
well, taking up the broken thread of 
dictation with Beard. 

The ranchman took the cup, hold- 
ing it in one hand while he experi- 
mented patiently with the other on 
the spring faucet. Roy was watching 
him furtively. At the precise instant 
when the man raised the full cup to 
his lips, the operator inserted his pen 
point between two bits of wire on his 

A tiny spark snapped, and the ranchman, starling as if he had been shot, dropped the cup 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


table's edge. A tiny spark snapped, 
' and the ranchman, starting as if he 
had been shot, dropped the cup and 
sank back against the railing, trem- 
bling like a leaf. 

"Oh, Lordy, Lordy, but I'm sick!" 
he gasped. "Somebody run for a 
1 doctor, quick ! I'm struck with death, 

Roy and Beard were both choking, 
: and it was Burwell who went to the 
rescue. When he had reassured the 
victim of the practical joke and had 
gotten him out of the office, he turned 
sharply upon the operator. 
J "That's enough, and more than 
■ enough, Roy!" he snapped. "It's 
1 cowardly to play tricks on an old man 
; like that; and besides, it isn't busi- 
ness! You cut that' wire out, and 
1 keep it cut out. If you've got to play 
jokes, take somebody who can get 
; back at you! " 

Roy brazened it out. "All right; 
I vrill," he said. 

Burwell sat down and plunged into 
the letters again, but it was eleven- 
fifteen when he dictated the last one 
and came to the* president's telegram. 
He glanced at his watch and called to 

"Fred, slip down-stairs and get me 
a cab, will you? I'm running a bit 
short on time." Then to Beard: 
"You've fixed this with the despatch- 
er?" — meaning the president's order. 

Beard nodded. 

"All right: take, a telegram to 
President Mayhugh — ready? 

' ' Your wire today. Have arranged 
for movement of car Argyle as in- 
structed. Train 7 reaches Mountain 
Junction 2 a. m. Is it your desire to 
proceed at once on Grand River Ex- 
tension ? ' ' 

The message dictated, he closed his 
desk. " I believe that's all," he said, 
as Roy came back and reported the 
cab as waiting. "When Mr. May-- 
' hugh answers, make whatever ar- 
rangement is necessary to carry out 
his wishes. If anything comes up 
,that you can't handle, you can reach 
'me any time this afternoon on 7. 
So long."- 

When Burwell was gone, Roy exe- 
cuted a grotesque war dance before 
the closed desk. 

"What's the matter, Fred?" Beard 

"Oh, nothing much — I just thought 
of the most corking — er — Gimme 
that message to the president and I'll 
isend it." 

Train Number 7 was about midy 
to pull out when the gay wedding 
party gathered in a lively group at 
the steps of the rear sleeper. The 
newly minted husband had handed 
his bride up the steps, excusing him- 
self instantly to run upstairs for a 

final word to Beard. The bride, a 
pretty girl with brown eyes, turned 
on the steps and added her voice to 
the Babel of small talk hurled up at 

— "do hope you'll have a sweet 
time, Min." 

— "and don't you know reaMy 
where you're going?" 

— "me hear from you." 

— "bride the sun shines on." 

— "Charlie '11 get left if he doesn't 
look out, and then what would you 

And the pretty bride, tossing down 
replies to the Babel : 

"Thank you so much, Archie; the 
sun does shine good and hot — No, 
Charlie won't tell me wheie we're 
going — Yes, I'll be sure to drop 
you a postal, Jessie" — and more of 
like import and less importance. 
Minnie Gaylord was popular, and the 
wedding guests were chiefly her class- 
mates and school friends. 

Meanwhile, Burwell was giving 
last-minute instructions to Beard. 
"No; I don't know yet just how far 
we'll go — I'm sorry Mr. Elbert had 
to go to New York, but you must do 
the best you can until he gets 
back — Yes, I'll keep you posted 
so you can reach me. Did you hear 
from the president ? ' ' 

"Yes; wants his car taken up the 
Extension as soon as it reaches Moun- 
tain Junction." 

"All right; fix it, and for Heaven's 
sake don't fall down. Mr. Mayhugh 
isn't a patient man. That's all, I 
guess: I'll have to run for it." And 
by running he managed to swing up 
to the steps of the Pullman as 7 rolled 
out of the station. 

Business was dull in the superin- 
tendent's office that afternoon and 
Fred Roy spent much of his time ex- 
perimenting with the telegraph 
switchboard, setting and resetting 
the plugs, and then testing out the 
connections with his key. When he 
finally found the combination he 
wanted, he spent an industrious 
quarter of an hour trying to raise Ute 
Springs over one of the Western 
Union wires which he had plugged in, 
Ute Springs being a station well out 
toward Mountain Junction. Roy's 
industrious callings over the com- 
mercial wire — calls which he signed 
with the first fictitious signature 
that he happened -to think of — got 
no answer; but when he shifted the 
plugs to connect with one of the 
railroad wires, his call was answered 
at once. This proved two things: 
that the Ute Springs operator was on 
duty; and that he was paying no 
attention whatever to his commercial 

. "That's about what I figured on." 

Roy mused. "Now, if I can raise 
Grand Butte over the commercial 
wire, I'm safe." 

A minute later he had changed the 
plugs again and was calling Grand 
Butte, the supper station for Num- 
ber 7, over the Western Union wire, 
signing the call "U-S" as if it were 
coming from Ute Springs, and paus- 
ing a moment now and then to see if 
"U-S" would challenge its own sig- 
nature. It didn't; and presently, 
when the Grand Butte operator ans- 
wered, he was shocked to hear his in- 
strument click out the snappy query: 
"How long do you propose to keep 
President Mayhugh 's business hang- 
ing up?" 

Knowing that the Argyle was at 
Ute Springs, and having no reason to 
suspect that the call signed "U-S" 
came from the superintendent's of- 
fice, the Grand Butte operator 
thought he was in for trouble and 
began to apologize. A break cut him 
short. " Never mind excuses. Take 

"To Conductor Train 7, Grand Butte. 

"Understand you have Mr. Bur- 
well, of Superintendent's office, on 
your train. Say to him that the 
president invites him and Mrs. Bur- 
well to continue their wedding jour- 
ney as members of our party in car 
Argjle. Signed, R. Penfield, Private 

Burwell got this message as he and 
his bride were seating themselves at 
the Grand Butte supper table. 

"What is it, Charlie?" asked the 
bride when she saw his look of shocked 

He handed the message to her with- 
out comment, and was wholly un- 
prepared for her enthusiastic out- 
burst of approval. 

"Isn't that kind and perfectly 
splendid!" she exclaimed. "I've al- 
ways wanted so much to take a trip 
in a private car. What a dear, 
thoughtful old gentleman Mr. May- 
hugh must be!" 

Burwell didn't y Say what he 
thought; that the general opinion of 
the C. & G. R. rank and file was to 
the elYec that the president was a 
fire-eater of the most pronounced 

"I can't begin to understand it," 
he said; adding: "I wish the wire ■ 
had fallen down before this thing ever 
got over it." 

"Why, Charlie Burwell ! that's posi- 
tively ungrateful!" 

"Yes, but — don't you see, we 
don't know any of the party socially, 
and — " 

"But you've met Mr. Mayhugh, 
haven't you?" 

" Not in your meaning of the word, 
no. Just seen him a few times." 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

"That makes it all the more kindly. 
And about the social difficulties ; if 
he ignores them,. I'm sure we ought 

The meal stop being short, there 
was no time for more talk, but when 
they weie back in their Pullman, 
Burwell began again. 

"I wish I knew some way to 
dodge," he frowned. 

" But you can't, Charlie, dear ; what 
would he think?" 

"No, I suppose we can't; coming 
from the president it's mighty nearly 
an order." 

"Where is the Argyle?" 
"At Ute Springs: we're due at 
eleven, and everybody '11 be in bed 
and asleep." 

The pretty bride paled a bit at the 
thought of a midnight introduction. 
"Can't we go on and join them to- 

"No. We take the Argyle to 
Mountain Junction, where there is an 
engine waiting to pull her over the 

' ' Then I suppose we must join them 
tonight. Who is there in the presi- 
dent's party?" 

"I don't know even that much. 
Miss Bessie Mayhugh is along, and I 
believe there is an aunt and two or 
three young women." 

When 7 pulled into Ute Springs, 
Burwell saw the Argyle on the siding. 
While the train was switching to get 
the private car, Burwell ran to the 
telegraph office. "Did you send 
this?" he asked, handing the invita- 
tion to the night operator. 

"No, that must have been Johnson, 
the day man. I don't come on until 
seven," said the night man. 

Burwell had to run to catch his 
train, and as he did it a gust of wind 
made him snatch at his hat, and as 
he did so he did not see the square of 
yellow paper escape from his pocket 
and nutter away in the darkness. 
When he rejoined the bride, he said, 
rather ruefully: "We're in for it. 
The Argyle's as dark as a pocket, and 
I guess everybody's asleep." 

A colored porter met them at the 
door of the private car. 

'"Scuse me, sah, dis is a private 
cyah," he said. 

"I know," said Burwell, "but we 
are invited guests. My name is Bur- 
well, and I'm chief clerk in Mr. El- 
bert's office, Mountain Division." 

"Oh, yes, sah; I 'membehs you 
puffickly — done been in yo' office 
many's a time. Come right in; I'se 
take yo' baggage. Dey's all gone to 
baid, but I'se give you all de HT 
room." And a few minutes later 
they were in their little box of a state- 
room and the porter was gone. 

The sun was up and the A rgyle was 

lurching heavily over the rough track 
of the new Extension when Burwell 
opened their door and told Minnie 
how to reach the dressing-room. He 
saw three strange ladies sitting in 
wicker chairs in the big central com- 
partment,, and held his breath when 
his wife cannoned helplessly into one 
of them in her effort to reach the end 
aisle. The lady was portly and se- 
vere of aspect, and Burwell shuddered 
when she put up her lorgnette and 
stared after the retreating figure of 
the offender. 

' ' Humph ! — a cheerful beginning ! ' ' 
he muttered, as he went back to the 
men's end of the car. Here he found 
the small washroom already occupied 
by a stout, elderly gentleman in slip- 
pers, trousers and undershirt, who 
was sluicing his face in the one basin 
and growling out moist imprecations 
upon the rough track. 

Burwell waited patiently in a cor- 
ner. The stout gentleman appeared 
to be in no hurry, and while Burwell 
was regarding h'm furtively a violent 
surge sent the bather against the wall. 
Straightening up, with the water drip- 
ping frcm his bushy eyebrows and 
white mustaches, he glared at Bur- 
well with one eye, while he groped 
for the towels in the rack. Then 
Burwell saw that it was the president, 
but he was totally unprepared for 
the wrathful question that was hurled 
at him. 

"Well, who the devil are you?" 

For a brief moment Burwell actu- 
ally forgot his own name. Then he 
stammered: " I — I'm Burwell, of Mr. 
Elbert's office." 

"Oh, vou are!" — with fine ironv. 
"Well, Burwell of Mr. Elbert's of- 
fice, what are you doing here?" 

Burwell 's helpless consternation 

When the President got his breath he shouted: "I want to know what you're doing in n.y car? " 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

\ made him take things very literally. 

1 so he said, "I'm waiting for a chance 

I to wash my face." 

The president seemed about to 
have a fit of apoplcxv. When he got 

I his breath he shouted: "I want to 
know what you're doing in my car! 
Who told you to bring your infernal 
impudence here 5 " 

The question let in a flood of light 
and Burwell saw the hideous cruelty 
of the joke that some one had played 

> on h'm and Minnie. None the less, 
he attempted to explain, brokenly. 

"Telegram — your private secre- 
tary — last night — invitation for my 
wife and me to join you on our 
wedding trip. Thought it strange, 

"Your wife!" roared the irate gen- 
tleman, sawing his neck with the 
towel as if he meant to behead him- 
self. "How many of you are there"' 
Why didn't you bring your mother- 
in-law and your sisters, if you've got 
i any, and a few more of your female 
relations, while you were about it ? 
And what's this gammon about a 
telegram 5 / didn't send any tele- 
gram — and I haven't any secre- 
tary. Don't believe a word of it!" 

Burwell knew how to be respectful 
' to his superiors, but he had never 
before been quite so severely tried. 

"I'm sorry you don't believe me," 
he returned with some little warmth. 
"I'll show you the telegram when 
you are good enough to allow me to 
wash my face and bunds." 

When the president left the wash- 
room Burwell made his toilet with 
the careful precision of a man about 
to be hanged. A little later he re- 
entered the sitting-room. The scene 
was anything but reassuring. The 
severe-looking lady was gazing out of 
a window; the president was sitting 
in a corner, surrounded by three 
young women who seemed to be ex- 
postulating with him, and his bride 
of a day was cowering in the smallest 
possible corner of the most uncom- 
fortable seat in the place. 

"Oh, Charlie, dear! what have we 
done?" she murmured when he took 
his place beside her. 

"Committed murder in the first 
degree, I should say!" he blurted 
out desperately. "What did you do 
with that telegram last night ?" 

"The telegram? — I haven't it! 
Don't say you've lost it!" 

"Afraid I have," he admitted 
sheepishly. Then he arose and start ei 1 
toward the group in the opposite cor- 
ner, but before he had taken three 
steps she was beside him. "I'll 
help," she said bravely. 

The three young women saw the 
movement and stopped them mid- 
way. One of them, whom Burwell 

recognized as the president's daugh- 
ter, slipped an arm around Minnie's 
waist. "We know all about it," she 
whispered, "and you are to have 
nothing whatever to do with it — 
you are our guest." And the three 
surrounded the bride and led her out 
of the compartment. 

Burwell gave a sigh of relief and 
turned to the president. 

"Sit down," was the order given 
abruptly; and then: "Now what 
was it about that telegram?" 

Burwell obeyed the order and gave 
the facts in the case. 

"Where is the message?" 

"I don't know. I had it at Ute 
Springs, but I must have lost it. I 
can't find it now." 

The president scowled and looked 
at his watch as the porter came in to 
lay the breakfast cloth. "Tell the 
cook we don't want to wait all day 
for something to eat," he said irri- 
tably. Then to Burwell: "What 
name was signed to the message?" 

"Penfield or Penfold — private sec- 

"That ought to have told you it 
was a hoax. My secretary's name 
is Carrington, and he went home sick 
two days ago." Then: "Well, what 
are you doing to do about it?" 

"I'm afraid we're entirely at your 
mercy, Mr. Mayhugh. There are no 
regular trains running yet on the Ex- 
tension, but I presume we can make 
our way back to civilization some 
way if you have us put off." 

The president smiled. "That 
would be a nice ending to your wed- 
ding trip, wouldn't it? Who the 
devil hates you badly enough to play 
such a trick on you?" 

Burwell suspected Roy, but the an- 
nouncement of breakfast saved him 
from having to reply. The young 
women brought the bride of a day 
in and Miss Mayhugh looked at 
her father and Burwell. Then: 
"Father— Auntie— this is Mrs. Charles 
Burwell; Mrs. Burwell, my father, 
and my aunt, Mrs. Prendergast." 

Minnie rose bravely to the occasion 
and introduced her husband all 
around. Miss Mayhugh arranged 
the seating at table, putting the bride 
between her father and herself, and 
Burwell between Kate and Lettie 
Brandon, a bit of tact that kept 
whatever smouldering volcano of em- 
barrassment there was from coming 
to the surface during the rather silent 
meal . 

After breakfast the president 
shoved one of the wicker chairs into a 
corner and lighted a dubious-looking 
cigar, throwing it away with a mut- 
tered malediction after two or three 
whiffs. Burwell saw his chance and 
extended a handful of his own cigars. 

The president took them and lighted 

"What business have you with 
such good smokes as these?" he de- 

Burwel! smiled. " I haven't. The 
box was one of my wedding gifts. 
Do you like them?" 

"Very fair cigar. Now if it wasn't 
for that damnable correspondence, 
I could be measurably comfortable." 

Burwell saw another opportunity 
and snatched at it. " Have you some 
letters to write?" he asked. 

"Yes; a hundred or so." 

"I don't wish to be officious, but 
I'm a stenographer, and if I can be 
of any service to you — " 

"The devil you are! Why didn't 
you say so at first ? Come along into 
my stateroom." 

A few minutes later the president 
was seated at his deak with a pile of 
letters before him, and Burwell's pen- 
cil was flying over the pages of a note- 
book. When he had taken two or 
three letters at top speed, the grati- 
fied president handed him one of his 
own cigars. "Better light up," he 
said. "You beat Carrington, two to 
one. Can you run a tvpewriter?" 

"I can." 

When the final letter was written 
it was nearly noon and the one-car 
train was approaching the end of the 
Exi nsion. Burwell took his wife to 
the rear platform to show her the 
view, but she deliberately turned her 
back upon the grandeurs. "Tell me, 
Charlie, quick! what did he say to 
you? " 

Burwell smiled. "It's all right 
now, I guess. He was needing a 
shorthand man. We've been writing 
letters all forenoon. How have you 
been getting along?" 

"Splendid! They've all been just 
as good as gold to me, and Mrs. Pren- 
dergast laughed till she cried when I 
told her how we'd been victimized. 

A shrill whistle announced the 
arrival at the end of track, and Bur- 
well hurried in to the president's 
office stateroom. 

"We're at the end-of-track, " he 
announced; "I can get your mes- 
sages sent over the engineer's wire, 
if you wish. Have you any others 
to send?" 

"Not now, no." 

Burwell hesitated a moment. Then 
he said manfully: "Mr. Mayhugh, 
you know how sorry. I am that this 
thing happened — our butting in on 
you this way. There'll be a material 
train going to Mountain Junction 
today some time, and we can go back 
on that. I hope you will — " 

The president interrupted him with 
a grim laugh. "No you don't, my 
boy," he said. "I guess I know a 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

good thing when I see it. Get your 
notebook and take another telegram," 
and when Burwell was ready he dic- 

"To Superintendent Elbert: 

"I have your chief clerk with me in 
car Argyle and intend to keep him 
through entire inspection. Make 
your arrangements accordingly. 

"Just sign my name to that and 
send it with the others." 

ON AUGUST 12, 19 1 8, Dominic 
Fanno, section foreman at Ell- 
wood City, rescued two boys 
and saved them from drowning in a 
creek near Zelienople, Pa. Recently 
he received the following letter : 

"Through the courtesy of an employe of 
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the atten- 
tion of the Carnegie Hero Fund Commis- 
sion has been called to an act performed by 
you, by which, on August 12, 191 8, you 
saved Edward and Alexander Nagy from 
death by drowning in Connoquenessing 
Creek, near Zelienople, Pa. Your case, 
after a thorough investigation, was con- 
sidered at a meeting of the Commission held 
this afternoon, and I have much pleasure 
in informing you that in recognition of your 
heroism on that occasion, the Commission 
awarded you a bronze medal and the sum 
of $1000.00, to be applied toward the liqui- 
dation of the mortgage on your property, 
or to such other worthy purpose as may be 
approved by the Executive Committee. 

"I shall be obliged if you will kindly ad- 
vise me without delay, by a letter bearing 
your own signature, whether or not you 
wish to accept the Commission's awards. 
If your reply is affirmative the medal will be 
ordered and will be forwarded you as soon 
as it has been received from the manufac- 
turers, and I will write you further regarding 
the pecuniary award." 

We take pleasure in announcing 
Mr. Fanno's act of heroism through 


When Burwell handed the bunch 
of wires to the chief engineer's oper- 
ator he had added one to which he 
signed his own name. 
"To Fred Roy, Superintendent 
Elbert's office: 

"Much obliged for your thought- 
fulness. We are having a royal time. 
Until further notice you can reach me 
care car Argyle." 

(The End) 

the columns of the Magazine. His 
reward was undoubtedly the realiza- 
tion of the service he did to the res- 
cued and their loved ones. Yet his 
friends will all join in congratulating 
him on this further reward — one 
which should mean much to him and 
his family. 

Not always do our actions accord 
with the poet's line: 

' ' For courage mounteth with occa- 

It is, therefore, a pleasure to learn 
of the heroism of Section Foreman 
Fanno, who measured up to his occa- 
sion, every inch a man. 

Some of the best workers and most 
loyal employes on the Railroad are 
(like Mr. Fanno, we take it) of for- 
eign birth. The stuff that men are 
made of is of no particular clime or 
country, nor does it usually manifest 
itself in the dramatic manner illus- 
trated by this case. There are hun- 
dreds of our employes whose lives are 
veritable epics of faithfulness to their 
ideals. Some of them carry burdens 
of private sorrow, which, but for 
their courage, would overwhelm them. 
Others with physical handicaps, give 

Section Foreman Dominic Fanno 

the finest service through determina- 
tion to accomplish something worth- 
while — to be true to their trust. 
Still others, in the face of insidious 
propaganda and the clamor of the 
unthinking mob, stand fast in their 
places and exhibit a loyalty to con- 
viction and conscience that is as firm 
and magnificent as a great tree lashed 
by the tempest. 

We are proud of such men in our 
railroad family. On them depends 
much more than the transitory for- 
tunes of the day, or of this or that 
class or community. Their faith is 
building institutions and ideals that 
will be the bulwarks of true progress 
for all time. We are prqjad to think 
of them as our fellow workers, to wel- 
come them to the finest comradeship 
the world has ever known, that of 
true Americanism. 

Your Liberty Bond 

THE United States Government 
borrowed money from you to 
finance the war. You hold the 
Government's promise to pay you 
back. This promise is called a 

Section Foreman Wins Carnegie 
Hero Medal 


Supervisor of Transportation 

To the cursory reader or thinker, to the reader of ephemeral literature, anything written so long ago as 
in the time of Carlyle might be considered old-fashioned and quite out of date. And, when time is measured 
by the span of human life, it does at first blush seem to be in the distant past. But when we consider the eter- 
nal truth of much that Carlyle has written on the very problem that this generation must solve, the span between 
his day and ours is as but a tick of Time's clock. Here are three of his ideas about work. 

"No man has worked, or can work, except religiously; not even the poor day-laborer, the weaver of | 
your coat, the sewer of your shoes. All men, if they work not as in a Great Taskmaster's eye, will work wrong, ! 
will work unhappily for themselves and you." | 

"For there is a perennial, and even sacredness, in Work. Were he never so benighted, forgetful of his I 
calling, there is always hope in a man that actually and earnestly works : in idleness alone is there perpetual J 

"Work is of a religious nature — work is of a brave nature ; which it is the aim of all religion to be. All = 
work of man is as the swimmer's ; a waste ocean threatens to devour him ; if he front it not bravely, it will keep ! 
its word. By incessant wise defiance of it, lusty rebuke and buffet of it, behold how loyally it supports him, ! 
bears him as a conqueror along." 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Liberty Bond or Victory Note. On 
this bond is stated the conditions 
under which the Government bor- 
rowed the money from you. 

For instance: If you hold a bond 
of the Third Libert}' Loan, it states 
that on April 15 and October 15 of 
each year until maturity, you will 
receive interest on the amount you 
paid for the bond. Other issues bear 
other rates of interest and other ma- 
turity dates, all of which are clearly 
stated on the bond. 

Now, if you keep your bond until 
the date when the Government pays 
you in full for it, you do not need to 
worry if, in the meantime, the price 
is low one day or hi^h the next. You 
and Uncle Sam are living up to your 
agreement with each other, and nei- 
ther will lose by it. 

On the other hand, if you sell your 
Liberty Bond now. you will find that 
the man you sell it to will not give 
you a dollar for every dollar you paid 

THE State of Maryland is now en- 
gaged in a campaign to recruit 
3,200 men in its National Guard 
1,800 from the City of Baltimore and 
1,400 from the rest of the state. 

The history of the Maryland 
National Guard in the sendee of the 
state and the country is an enviable 
one. In any catastrophe ouch as that 
sustained in the great Baltimore fire 
of 1904, the Guard has responded un- 
selfishly and adequately for the pro- 
tection of the people and the property 
of the commonwealth. Thousands 

for it. The price has been brought 
down because so many people are 
offering to sell their bonds. If the 
market is flooded with tomatoes, you 
can buy them cheap, but if everyone 
is clamoring for tomatoes and there 
are few to be had, the price goe. 1 - up. 
The same is true of Liberty Bonds. 
Short-sighted people are dumping them 
on the market, and wise ones are buying 

The best advice that can be given 
to the owner of a Liberty Bond is 
this: Hold the bond you bought dur- 
ing the war; it is as safe and sound as 
the United States Government itself. 

Buy as many more at the present 
low rate as you can afford. If you 
hold them to maturity, you are bound 
to make the difference between what 
they sell at now and their face value. 
You will also receive good interest on 
your investment. 

Hold on to your Liberty Bonds and 
buy more. 

of Maryland boys gave unstintingly 
to the public service during the Mexi- 
can trouble on the border and the 
history they made for the state during 
the Great War will always be im- 

After the police organizations of 
the communities of the state, the 
Guard is the first to be called on by 
the Governor for help when danger 
threatens, and there is no finer way in 
which a man can show his loyalty to 
his friends, his state and his country, 
than in declaring himself ready to 

respond to their need by enrolling 
his name as a member of the Guard. 

Previous to the Great War, mem- 
bership in the National Guard meant 
not only splendid training in dis- 
cipline and military science, but also 
the enjoyment of good fellowship. 
These same advantages are now of- 
fered men joining. In addition, a 
number of the large business institu- 
tions of the state, including the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad, have agreed 
to give to any of their employes who 
enlist and who are called into active 
duty, the difference between the pay 
they receive from the state for their 
service and what they would receive 
if they continued in their regular 
business positions. 

To every right thinking young man 
in this country the privilege of calling 
himself an American means more 
than the fulfillment of his ordinary 
duties as a citizen — obeying the law, 
interest in civic betterment, voting, 
etc., on the one hand, and the oppor- 
tunities and protection afforded by 
American citizenship on the other. 
It means a spirit quick to respond to 
the highest needs of the state and 
nation, whether military or otherwise. 
Maryland needs men in her National 
Guard, and no young man, whether 
or not he has seen military service in 
thfc uniform of his country, can more 
honorably earn the name of "patriot" 
than by joining now. 

The duties and privileges of mem- 
bership are well understood by our 
readers and full details can be secured 
and enlistments made in Baltimore, 
at the Fifth Regiment Armory, and 
at the armories in the following 
towns and cities : Frederick, Hagers- 
town, Cumberland, Westminster, 
Hyattsville, Annapolis, Cambridge, 
Bel Air, Elkton and Salisbury. 

. . <f 


How It Affects Railway Financial Returns and Valuation 

Valuation Engineer 

1. All railroads get a guaranteed return, the same as for the three year test period, for six months 
from March 1, 1920, ONLY. 

2. For a period of two years, the Interstate Commerce Commission is to fix the rates so that each 
group of railroads, covering such territory as the Interstate Commerce Commission may determine, shall 
receive an average return of 5 ' 2 per cent, on the value of the property, with a further provision that the 
Interstate Commerce Commission may allow one-half per cent, additional ; there is no guarantee that any 
one road will earn 5 1 ■> per cent, or any other rate, or that it will earn enough to pay its fixed obligations. 

3. After the two year period, the rates are to be fixed by the Interstate Commerce Commission to 
give what they may consider to be a proper average return. 

4. Any railroad earning over 6 per cent, shares half the excess with the Government. 

This Act places an importance upon valuation work which never before existed and attaches a direct 
money value to the thoroughness and accuracy of the valuation work. Every dollar lost on valuation will mean 
a perpetual loss of 5>2 cents per year to the railroads in this country. 

Maryland Needs Real Men for 
Her National Guard 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Commercial Development Means Business 
Insurance for the Railroad 

"The best solicitor a railroad can have is a smokestack working in a plant located along its tracks" 

By H. O. Hartzell 
Manager Commercial Development 

THERE are two general methods 
by which a railroad may de- 
velop and expand its business. 
One is to extend its lines to reach new 
territory, to serve a larger area, and 
consequently a greater population. 
This, which may be called the exten- 
sive method, is important in opening 
up undeveloped lands and providing 
easy communication where it was 
difficult before. The early railroad 
history of this country or of any 
country affords an example of this 
sort of development. The problems 
to be met are largely those of financ- 
ing and engineering and it is those 
two departments of the Railroad 
which bear the burden of expansion. 

Intensive Development 

The second method is one which 
naturally follows and depends upon 
the first, and which becomes more 
and more important as the area 
of undeveloped lands diminishes. 
Rather than add any great amount of 
new mileage, the plan is to develop 
intensively the territory already tra- 
versed by the railroad, by fostering 
the existing industries, inducing new 
ones to locate along the lines, opening 
up latent natural resources and in- 
dustrial areas, helping the farmers 
market their products to the best 
advantage, and by cooperating with 
the people along the railroad in 
numerous other ways. 

It was to administer this intensive 
method of development that the 
Commercial Development Depart- 
ment of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road was formed in 191 6, and sub- 
sequently reestablished last March 
when Federal operation of the roads 

It will be seen from the above that 
the scope of this department's activi- 
ties is exceedingly wide, and that its 
intrinsic importance increases as the 
area of unused land decreases. It is 
preeminently, therefore, a depart- 
ment which provides for the future. 

To obtain the best results an or- 
ganization of this kind requires the 
full cooperation of every employe in 
every department of the Railroad, 
because from the very nature of its 
ditties, the Commercial Development 
Department must work closely with 

all the other departments, especially 
with the departments of Traffic, En- 
gineering, Operation and Real Estate. 

No less important is the contact 
with the public. The department 
must keep in close touch both with 
the present shippers and with pros- 
pective shippers. The further devel- 
opment of existing industries is of as 
much importance as to secure new 
ones. Inasmuch as it is one of the 
fundamental aims of the Commercial 
Development Department to assist in 
every practicable way in the develop- 
ment of the communities traversed 
by the Railroad, special attention is 
given to cooperation with Chambers 
of Commerce, Agricultural Associa- 
tions and similar organizations. Some 
of the most progressive Chambers of 
Commerce on our lines never under- 
take to put through an industrial 
proposition without consulting this 
department and securing our aid. 

Expert Service in Industrial Economics 

The location of new industries on 
Baltimore and Ohio rails and the 
arranging of side track facilities for 
expanding industries constitutes one 
of the principal divisions of the de- 
partment's activities. To handle 
these propositions, we have Indus- 
trial Agents, with headquarters at 
Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati 
and Chicago. These men are thor- 
oughly trained in the science of fac- 
tory location, are conversant with 
industrial conditions in their respec- 
tive territories, and at the same time, 
have a background of practical busi- 
ness experience. They have at hand 
recently compiled industrial surveys 
of various communities, containing 
complete and accurate data covering 
factory sites and buildings, labor con- 
ditions, fuel and power costs, raw 
materials, tax rates and other factors 
affecting operating costs. These 
studies are available to the prospec- 
tive manufacturer, and if he requires 
further information, the department 
is prepared to make a specific report 
meeting his individual requirements. 

Locating Industries Economically 

Investigations have developed that 
a considerable percentage of the 
manufacturing plants in the United 

States are not economically located 
from the standpoint of assembling 
cost of raw materials and fuel supply 
and the marketing of the finished 
products at minimum expense. Such 
locations often have been chosen 
when the industry was small, chiefly 
from sentimental reasons. To assist 
manufacturers so located, to over- 
come losses through continued opera- 
tion in their present plants, the Com- 
mercial Development Department 
prepares reports which are available 
at all times, covering kinds and sour- 
ces of raw materials, fuel, etc., to be 
secured on our lines. 

At the present time, a special effort 
is being made to induce manufac- 
turers using large quantities of coal, 
iron, steel and other commodities 
produced in Baltimore and Ohio terri- 
tory in large quantities, to locate 
on our rails where these, materials 
may be obtained with a minimum 
haul. Besides the advantages of low 
rates and better service to be derived 
from a location near the sources of 
supply, the Baltimore and Ohio is so 
situated as to be able to offer unsur- 
passed facilities for nation-wide dis- 
tribution, satisfactory climatic con- 
ditions throughout the year, cheap 
power and numerous other operating 

Insuring Business Against Lean Years 

But, it may be asked, how can a 
railroad justify its efforts to expand 
its business and acquire more indus- 
tries, when it is unable to care satis- 
factorily for its present shippers ? To 
such a question the answer is, that a 
progressive railroad cannot afford to 
disregard the future, but must adopt 
a farsighted policy. The country is 
now enjoying a period of marked 
prosperity and industrial activity, 
while the railroads have, at best, re- 
mained stationary during the two 
vears of Federal operation. This un- 
balanced condition cannot last. The 
railroads will expand to handle the 
increased business, and the wave of 
prosperity will, at least partially, 
subside. In the years of plenty, 
therefore, the railroads must prepare 
for the lean years when equipment 
and facilities will be abundant, and 
production will be limited. It has 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


been stated that "the best solicitor a 
railroad can have is a smokestack- 
working in a plant located along its 
tracks." The Commercial Develop- 
ment Department endeavors to locate 
industries so that the truth of this 
statement ma} - be fully realized even 
when general business conditions are 
most adverse. Factories planned 
now will not be built in a day, but 
will be put in operation probably at 
a time when their tonnage will be 
greatly appreciated. 

One of Our Largest Industries the 
Result of "Tip" from Employe 

In connection with the location of 
new industries, there is an opportu- 
nity for every employe to be of valu- 
able assistance. Anyone may learn, 
perhaps quite by chance, that some 
new industrial enterprise is seeking a 
location. It was information of this 
sort, gathered in casual conversation 
by a railroad employe and subse- 
quently reported to a Baltimore and 
Ohio Industrial Agent, that resulted 
in the Railroad's acquiring one if its 
largest industries. 

Another manner in which em- 
ployes may help is by notifying the 
department of unoccupied factories 
and warehouses adjacent to the tracks 
of the Baltimore and Ohio, which 
might be used for manufacturing 
purposes. Information of this sort is 
constantly changing and is difficult to 
keep up to date. ^ 

In a similar manner an Industrial 
Agent may cooperate with the Traffic 
Department by reporting future 
movements of building materials, 
etc., for new plants. 

Study of Natural Resources 

Another phase of the Commercial 
Development Department's work is 
the preparation of detailed studies of 
the natural resources along the Balti- 
more and Ohio, both as to quality and 
quantity, with special reference to the 
opportunities afforded for their de- 
velopment. Thus new mineral and 
chemical industries are encouraged, 
and additional sources of raw ma- 
terials are found for industries already 
established. Some of the concrete 
results already obtained from efforts 
in this field may be seen in the devel- 
opment of the vast coal resources 
tributary to the Railroad. Generat- 
ing stations for electric power are 
being built at the sources of fuel 
supply, thus securing minimum oper- 
ating expense. A large and rapidly 
growing by-product coke industry of 
great value has also sprung up during 
the last few years and coke ovens are 
being established at various points, 
producing gas supply for industrial 

purposes. With 25,000,000,000 tons 
of all kinds of bituminous coal easily 
accessible from the Baltimore and 
Ohio, the possibilities for cqal con- 
suming industries are unlimited. 

Agricultural Development 

In agricultural development the 
department will cooperate with the 
farmers principally by assisting them 
in marketing their products more 
advantageously. The Agricultural 
Agent will be a thoroughly practical 
man who will spend a large part of 
his time in the field, working directly 

with the farmers and the various 
existing agricultural agencies. 

The foregoing outlines briefly some 
of the aims and present activities of 
the Commercial Development De- 
partment. The keynote to its suc- 
cess is cooperation — cooperation be- 
tween this and every* other depart- 
ment of the Railroad and the general 

Cars Are Only Earning 
When The Wheels 
Are Turning 

Reproduced by permission ofNtW York Tribune. Iru\, Copyrighted li>20 

President Willard confesses that this cartoon is a true representation of his youth- 
ful ambition. That the young Engineer in the picture is feeling the same kind 
of pride and importance which he, President Willard, felt thirty years ago as he 
made his first run on the old Connecticut and Passumpsic River Railroad into 
the station in the old home town and made his initial appearance as a full fledged 
Locomotive Engineer among the neighbors and acquaintances of his boyhood. 

Above: Jewelry, 
personal mementos, 
and other religious 
regalia of the Czar's 
family which the 
Czechs collected 
and photographed 
after their capture 
of Ekaterinburg. 

Former Czar of Russia, Kicholas II and his family: Czarina Alexandra, 
the Grand Duchesses Olga, Titania, Anastasia and one other; the 
Czarevitch (heir to throne) Alexis. This picture was found in the death 
house at Ekaterinburg. 

Left: The logs shown covered 
the hole in the ground into 
which the bodies of the mem- 
bers of the Czar's suite were 
thrown after they had been 
slainby the Bolsheviki. Power- 
ful acids were poured in to 
effect rapid disintegration o! 
the bodies. 

Right: Against this wall the 
victims were placed as they 
were about to be executed, the 
broken plaster and the holes 
showing the results of the assas- 
sins' bullets after their deadlier 
work was done. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Through Soviet Russia with the Czecho-Slovaks 

By Colonel George II. Emerson 
Chief of Motive Power 

One of the most dramatic and far-reaching events of the World-War was the Russian Revolution. I f Kcrcnsky, who 
assumed the role of political and military dictator, had been a Caesar, a Napoleon or a Foch, it is probable that he could have 
stifled German intrigue and treason among the Russian forces, been a decisive factor in the earlier termination of the con- 
flict—and engraved his name on the list of immortals. But he failed because he was unable or unwilling to establish dis- 
cipline among his troops, and the freeing of several millions of German soldiers on the Eastern front, caused by the collapse 
of the Russian forces soon after the revolution, demanded quick action by the Allied powers. Kerensky said that if he could 
get supplies through Siberia, he could again engage large forces of the Central powers on the Russian front. This required 
the safe transport of these supplies via the Trans-Siberian Railroad, and it will be remembered that Mr. John F. Stevens 
was dispatched to Russia as head of the Russian Railway Commission, to see what could be done. 

His recommendations called for the organization of a complete railroad staff to supervise the maintenance and operation 
of this railroad, and it is of the activities of this staff that the following story tells, in the words of its leader, Colonel George 
H. Emerson, now Chief of Motive Power of the Baltimore and Ohio. 

WE SAILED from San Fran- 
cisco on November n, 191 7, 
with 288 commissioned offi- 
cers in the party, constituting 14 
complete superintendents' organiza- 
tions. These included general super- 
intendents, superintendents, master 
mechanics, trainmasters, chief dis- 
patchers, train dispatchers and shop 

Just previous to our departure we 
learned that the Kerensky govern- 
ment, from which so much had been 
expected, had fallen. The Bolsheviki 
were said to be in complete control, 
and such indeed was the condition 
we found when we'arrived at Vladi- 
vostok on December 14, and the Bol- 
sheviki refused to permit us to land. 

We were unable to get instructions 
from the United States Government, 
either by cable or otherwise, and our 
position at Vladivostok being un- 
tenable, we secured the government 
transport "Thomas" and proceeded 
to Nagasaki, Japan. It was thirty 
days before we were able to find ac- 
commodations there and release the 

Mr. John F. Stevens and I then 
decided to go to Harbin, Manchuria, 

via Korea. We arrived there on 
January 22, roi8. A few days later 
the Minister of Ways and Commu- 
nications of the Siberian Railroad, 
under the Kerensky regime, arrived 
and advised us that the Soviet govern- 
ment proposed to carry out the origi- 
nal agreement which Kerensky had 
made with the Allies, namely, of 
engaging the forces of the Central 
powers on the Russian front. He 
therefore urgently requested that we 
follow our original plan of surveying 
the Trans-Siberian Railroad and try- 
ing to put it in shape for heavy move- 
ment of men and material, the agree- 
ment which had been entered into 
with Mr. Stevens. 

Mr. Stevens agreed to this propo- 
sition and I arranged to move our 
corps of officers to Harbin, whence I 
expected to assign them westward to 
assist in the operation of the railroad. 
Half of them left Nagasaki for Har- 
bin and the rest were prepared to 
leave a few days later. Mr. Stevens 
then went to Tokio, the capital of 
Japan, and on the day following I 
was advised through the Kerensky 
Minister of Ways and Communica- 
tions that conditions in Siberia had 

changed and that the authorities 
which he represented, railroad and 
political, had decided not to work 
with the Soviet government. 

I immediately issued an order can- 
celling the movement of the balance 
of the corps officers from Nagasaki, 
and the first contingent which arrived 
at Harbin from that point a few days 
later were held at Harbin for 30 days. 
In the meantime I had secured autho- 
rity to assist in the operation of the 
Chinese Eastern Railroad, which runs 
from the Manchurian line east to the 
Manchurian line west, a distance of 
about 1,100 miles. The Bolsheviki 
had just been driven out of Man- 
churia by the Chinese troojss. 

On April 26, however, I got in- 
structions from the State Department 
in Washington, through Mr. Stevens, 
to proceed west into European Russia 
and connect up with our ambassador, 
Mr. David F. Francis, at Vologda^in 
regard to transportation. 

On May 4, seven officers of the 
corps and I left Harbin for Vladivos- 
tok and arrived there on the following 
evening. I had with me passes issued 
by the Soviet government and signed 
by Lenin and Trotsky. 


Left: Russian Engineer with two Brakemen 

Russian Train Crew in Summer Uniform 

Brakemen on Chinese Eastern Railway 

Baltimore and Ohio M agazine 

Captain (later Colonel) Kadlets, of Czecho-Slovak 
Army, a warm friend of Colonel Emerson 

During our delay in Vladivostok, 
awaiting transportation, we were 
called on by representatives of the 
Soviet government and a note, which 
appears in my diary of the trip, is 
significant of the disorganization in 
their industries and their early recog- 
nition of the fact that manufacturing 
and transportation could not proceed 
efficiently without management. The 
note follows: 

"There was very little work being 
done at the Navy yards and the 
aut horities seemed to realize that they 
must have assistance in perfecting 
an organization which would assist 
them in maintaining railroad equip- 
ment and at the same time give work 
to a large number of idle men ; in fact, 
they stated they would be much 
pleased to have Americans take oyer 
the plant and operate t." 

Guida, cf the Czechs, a General at 28 years of age, and 
later Lieutenant-General in charge of All-Russian Army 

Finally, on May 19, we left Vladi- 
vostok on the Amur line of the 

at that time was the heavy movement 
of German, Austrian and Magyar 
prisoners, who were being repatriated 
under the infamous terms of the 
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. One of 
these men whom I met was a former 
professor of chemistry in the Univer- 
sity of Chicago and he boastfully pre- 
dicted that following the treaty, in 
60 days he and his officers and com- 
panions would be the "Yan- 
kees" on the Western front. 

In passing I should say that we 
were surprised at the substantial con- 
struction of the railroad, especially 
after the wear and tear of over three 
years of war, with its consequent 
poor maintenance. It was being 
badly neglected during the political 
and industrial confusion incident to 
the Soviet regime, however, and 
whenever we met Soviet authorities, 
their first request was that we help 
them put their shop machinery and 
rolling stock in shape for the proper 
handling of transportation. 

Mr. John F. S:evens and Provodnik (porter) 
Harbin, Manchuria, 1918 

Member of Colonel Emerson's staff (note blouse of U. S. 
uniform, never universally adopted for our army), wiih 
eagle mascot of Czech soldier on right 

Siberian Railroad. About the only 
traffic beinji handled on the railroad 

Peasant girls at Irkutsk, May 26, 1918. Despite 
their holiday attire, it was but three hours after the 
picture was taken on the station plalform that a 
battle was raging between the Reds and the Germans, 
and the Czechs, there 

Engine of Special Train provided for Colonel Emerson 
and his party Note the Stars and Stripes and the white 
flag, indicating the country and the neutrality of medi- 

On May 24, I met Colonel Ray- 
mond Robbins, who was representing 
the American Red Cross in Russia. 
He said that he had just returned 
from a successful visit to the Soviet 
government in Moscow and that 
although there was some trouble be- 
tween the Czecho-Slovaks and the 
Bolsheviki further west, he did not 
think we would have any difficulty 
in getting through. 

At Irkutsk, the American Consul 
General, Harris, informed me that 
the Czechs and the Soviet govern- 
ment were having serious trouble. 
However, we pushed on to Krasno- 
yarsk, 300 miles west of Irkutsk, ar- 
riving there on May 27. The presi- 
dent of the local Soviet and the gover- 
nor of the province, Mr. Weinbaum, 
confirmed the rumor of serious devel- 
opments between the Czechs and the 
Bolsheviki. I then got in connection 
by telegraph with the Consul General 
at Irkutsk, was advised that the 
trouble was general, that the com- 
mander-in-chief of the Czecho-Slo- 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


vaks was located at Marinsk, 300 
versts (200 miles) west, and I was 
instructed to push on west and offer 
my services as mediator between the 
Czechs and the Soviet forces. 

On our arrival at the front at 
Marinsk, we found 3,000 Bolsheviki 
troops under the command of German 
officers, strongly intrenched and sup- 
ported by field artillery and machine 

We consulted with their com- 
mander-in-chief, in regard to the 
terms under which they were willing 
to permit the Czecho-Slovaks to pro- 
ceed east. Then followed a long 
period of negotiations between the 
Czecho-Slovaks and the Bolsheviki, 
in which we were the mediators, we 
moving on a hand car between their 
lines and those of the Czecho-Slovaks 
under a flag of truce. 

The commander of the Czecho- 
slovaks, Captain E. B. Kadlets, was 
a smart, intelligent fellow who in- 
formed us that the Czecho-Slovak 

Street side of handsome station of the 

when the Russian revolution came 
and the Kerensky regime broke down, 
they fought a memorable rear-guard 
action against the forces of the Cen- 
tral powers, protecting the retreat 
of a part of the Russian armies. 

Ill M 1 

Building in which Russian Royal family was confined previous to their slaying by Bolsheviki 

forces consisted of about 45,000 men, 
distributed at various stations along 
the railroad from Penza all the way 
east to Vladivostok. He said that 
he had received reliable advice that 
the Bolsheviki had agreed, after the 
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, that the 
Czecho-Slovaks would be delayed as 
much as possible in their movement 
east and would finally be made pris- 
oners and returned, to Austria. 

At this point it should be remem- 
bered by the reader that before the 
World VVar the Czecho-Slovaks, bet- 
ter known to us as Bohemians, were 
ruled by the Austro-Hungarian mon- 
archy. That for years they had been 
chafing under this despotism, having 
practically all the elements of an 
independent nation except that of the 
power to coordinate their forces in 
such a way as to effect their indepen- 
dence. That they were drafted into 
the Austro-Hungarian army, but that 
during the war they deserted in large 
numbers to the Russians and fought 
valiantlv for the Allied cause. That 

They then volunteered their services 
to the Allies, wherever they were 
needed, through the French ambas- 
sador in Russia, and arrangements 

had been made with the Soviet gov- 
ernment to move them eastward 
through Russia to Vladivostok, 
whence they were to be sent to the 
fighting line on the western front in 

At the time I met Captain Kadlets, 
the Czecho-Slovaks had been dis- 
armed. Shortly afterward, and dur- 
ing my mediation between the Bol- 
sheviki and the Czecho-Slovaks, I 
met General Guida, commander-in- 
chief of the Czechs in Russia. He 
was aware of the .fact that the Bol- 
sheviki had considerable forces, sup- 
ported by artillery, at all points 
east on the Siberian Railroad, but 
said that he proposed to arm his 
forces and did not expect much 
trouble in getting through. That 
same night the 800 troops in his 
local force, armed only with clubs, 
axes and a few hand grenades, took 
the arsenal at Marinsk, defended by 
3,000 trained Soviet troops and pro- 
tected by walls 25 feet high. Makfng 
human ladders, the Czechs performed 
marvelous feats of strength, agility 

Type of water tank on Trans-Siberian Railway. 
At many of the smaller stations there are two of 
these, one at each end of the station grounds, with 
from three to eight stand pipes 

Street in Krasnoyarsk, principally interesting be- 
cause it shows the construction of telephone poles 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

and courage in scaling these walls and 
capturing the arsenal. They took 
no prisoners and the next morning 
had two platoons of artillery, 500 
machine guns, 5,000 stands of rifles 
and 3,000,000 rounds of rifle cart- 

This was but a single illustration 
of the splendid spirit, training and 
fighting ability of the Czechs, for on 
May 26 and for the several days fol- 
lowing, at every point on the Siberian 
Railroad at which they were located, 
they captured the railway stations 
and arsenals. After this coup, and 
when the Czechs were well supplied 
with arms and ammunition, the 
Soviet representatives finally agreed 
to allow them to proceed to Vladi- 
vostok, fully armed, provided they 
would not cause trouble en route or 
interfere between the forces of the 
Bolsheviki and the so-called White 
Russians, who, at that time, were 

ating it practically without resistance. 
Several days later he moved further 
west and captured Toumin and 

He then struck east from Toumin 
and captured Ekaterinburg, just after 
the finale of one of the most dramatic 
and tragic episodes of the war. For it 
was in this city that the Czar and 
his family had been imprisoned by 
the Bolsheviki, and had been assas- 
sinated the day before the Czechs 
captured it. I have numerous photo- 
graphs in my collection to substanti- 
ate this, a few of which are repro- 
duced on these pages. Some of these 
show the rooms of the members of the 
Czar's family, with such pictures on 
the walls and other evidences of royal 
ownership, including dozens of pieces 
of personal property belonging to 
them, as to make the identification 
quite convincing. One of these pic- 
tures shows the hole in the ground 

At Zavitnaya, a good example of the Trans-Siberian Railway Station in the small city and town 

opposed to the Bolsheviki and favor- 
ably inclined toward the Allied cause. 

Finally, after many days of offers 
and counter offers, and continuous 
mediation on our part, the Czecho- 
slovaks agreed to a six-days' armi- 
stice from Marinsk east. Their far- 
sightedness in agreeing to these terms 
was shown in the fact that they were 
left freehanded to operate west for 
the relief of their forces in that direc- 
tion while the Bolsheviki were forced 
to remain inactive east of Marinsk. 

General Guida immediately en- 
trained with his entire force, started 
west and had a heavy engagement 
with the Bolsheviki, working east 
about 100 miles west of Marinsk. He 
cut their forces to pieces, captured 
considerable supplies of ammunition 
and pushed rapidly west to connect 
with isolated bodies of Czecho-Slo- 
vaks. He then moved on Omsk, one 
of the most important cities in that 
region, the large Soviet forces evacu- 

into which the bodies of the roya 1 
family were thrown and into which 
acid had been poured to effect quick 

At this point in the story it should 
be remembered that for five months, 
ever since I had left Vladivostok, we 
had had no word from the outside 
world — knew nothing of the great 
developments in the World War. 
We had been told that Paris had been 
captured and the war won by the 
Germans. Meantime, I was still try- 
ing to get in touch with the American 

From Chiliyabinsk, I proceeded 
beyond the summit of the Ural 
Mountains to Zlatoosk on the south 
line of the railroad. Large forces of 
the Bolsheviki were moving eastward 
to engage the Czechs. 

During the latter part of July we 
received word from a French army 
officer that the Allied governments 
had recognized the Czech forces in 


Left: a typical Czecho-Slovak soldier, showing 
the qualities of alertness an J smartness which 
helped make possible the remarkable fighting 
campaigns he went through. Right: a Bolshevik 
commissaire, or representative of the people 

Russia as a part of the Allied armies 
and that a military expedition was to 
leave Vladivostok shortly for their 

On July 15,1 was requested by the 
French officer accompanying the 
Czechs to return to Omsk, and as we 
had received no advice from the out- 
side world since early April and the 
Czechs had decided to fight their way 
east to connect with the Allied relief 
expedition, we volunteered our serv- 
ices with the Czechs. We received 
instructions to report to General 
Guida, who assigned us' to his en- 
gineer forces. 

His troops then numbered 1,500, 
fully equipped with artillery, machine 
guns and a few armored cars. He 
decided to work east over both main 
lines of the railroad, the Siberian 
Railroad being double-tracked here. 
The armored cars were in the lead, 
followed by the engineers, and the 
infantry brought up the rear. 

(The story will be continued in the July issue.) 

One of the magnificent churches at Krasnoyarsk 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


warn to <^ 


5j Dr. J. E. Hurley 
Medical Examiner, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

IF you ask, "Why do we sleep?" 
the answer is: "We sleep to 
rest." During sleep the whole 
body rests; the brain, the heart, the 
lungs, the stomach, the muscles; 
indeed, all of our organs are benefited. 
While awake, the fatigue products of 
our muscles and nerves accumulate 
faster than they are removed; hence, 
tissue wear is greater than repair. In 
sleep the reverse is true— construc- 
tive processes go on in all the cells of 
the body, which is thus restored and 

So slight a sound as the wind in the 
chimney, or a fluttering leaf against 
the window-pane, may make us 
dream; but the most frequent dis- 
turber is our stomach. If we eat too 
much before retiring, or the food is 
not easily digested, the brain is dis- 
turbed and part of it awakens, which 
causes us to dream. As one hour of 
deep sleep is more beneficial than 
many hours of light or troubled sleep, 
it behooves us to guard our stomachs 
carefully before bedtime, eating only 
that sort of food which we know 
agrees with us. There was a time, not 
I so long ago, when it was considered 
inadvisable to eat anything before 
retiring; but many physicians now 
believe that a light repast of readily 
digestible food is beneficial rather 
than harmful, if it be taken at bed 
time. The argument advanced for 
this theory is that by taking some 
food, the blood necessary to bring 
about the changes incident to diges- 
tion is drawn to the stomach, reliev- 
ing the brain of any surcharge it may 
have, and thereby inducing sleep. 

To those whose duties require them 
to sleep away from home — in camp 
cars and resthouses, for example — a 
tew words of caution may be applic- 
able in regard to avoiding damp 
places when selecting a site for their 
cars or cabooses. One of the promi- 
nent characteristics of water is the 

quantity of heat it can hold, and the 
rapidity with which it absorbs heat 
from anything else. When we sleep 
in a wet place the body quickly loses 
a large quantity of heat. This means 
that the temperature of the body is 
reduced by radiation of its heat. 
Following out this line of reasoning, 
a reduction of the temperature of the 
body and blood likewise lowers its 
power of resistance to all sorts of 
germs or microbes, such as those 
which cause pneumonia, rheumatism, 
bronchitis, influenza or a common 

The necessity for fresh air in the 
sleeping room cannot be too strongly 
emphasized. Notwithstanding the 
importance of this advice, many 
people continue to sleep in close, 
stuffy, unventilated rooms. Win- 
dows should be 'open— the wider the 
better — in all seasons, winter as well 
as summer. If this were done there 
would be fewer "colds;" for this con- 
dition is a result of hot, close, unven- 
tilated rooms in a large percentage of 
instances, rather than from cool, 
well ventilated rooms, as is imagined 
by so many people. The bed should, 
of course, be supplied with enough 
covering of the sort which combines 
the greatest warmth with the lightest 
weight. The pillow should be small, 
as a large one holds the head in an 
unnatural position which hinders the 
free circulation of, the blood. The 
more nearly straight and horizontal 
the body is in sleep, the more perfect 
will be the relaxation and rest. A 
good mattress is preferable to a 
feather bed. 

The proper amount of sleep varies 
with the individual. It is quite gen- 
erally accepted, however, that the 
average person should spend not less 
than eight hours of each twenty-four 
in sleep. We read, it is true, that 
some mighty brain workers do with 
less, but for most of us eight hours is 
probably the proper amount. Too 
little sleep is plainly shown by the 
pale face, dull eyes, irritable temper, 
lack of concentration and loss of 

efficiency. Too much sleep is not to 
be desired either. In this case the 
brain becomes sluggish and incom- 
petent; the functions of the kidneys 
and intestinal tract are disturbed. 
Night is the best time to sleep because 
it is quiet, cool and dark. Noise and 
light stimulate the brain. 

Under no circumstances should we 
countenance the use of drugs to in- 
duce sleep, for such sleep occurs at 
the expense of vital energy and the 
offending cause of sleeplessness is 
masked instead of removed. 

Overheard at the Medical 


Professor Sapio: "Dr. Brown, what 
is the difference between scarlet fever 
and scarlatina?" 

Dr. B.: "None whatever." 

Prof. S. : "Well then, doctor, how 
is it that we hear intelligent people, 
and frequently physicians, say that 
Johnnie or Mary has not scarlet fever, 
but simply scarlatina?" 

Dr. B.: "Scarlatina is the technical 
or medical term, for scarlet fever, and 
the disease may be of mild or severe 
form. Old time physicians were 
under the impression that they were 
sepprateand distinct diseases, but that 
idea has long since been exploded. 
Scarlatina is scarlet fever, and 
whether the attack is mild or severe 
it is contagious, and may be followed 
by serious consequences unless proper 
treatment is obtained." 

Prof. S.: "Exactly so, gentlemen. 
And how unfortunate it is that such 
an impression exists." 

John: Are you still working for "Jim" 

"Pat:" Oi'll work no more for that man 

John: And why not? 

"Pat:" Shure, an' 'tis on account ov a 
remark he made. 

John: And what was that? 

"Pat:" Says he, "Pat," says he, "Ye're 

View of the Atlanti 
fleet steaming up 
New York Bay 
Taken from th 
U. S. S. Pennsylva 
nia and showing a 
long string of the 
mighty dread- 
naughts and an 
aeroplane hovering 
over the fleet. 

The Inauguration of Washington as first President of _ 
the United States by persons costumed to represent Washington, 
Governor Clinton, Chancellor Livingston. Samuel Otis and John 
Adams, reenacted by the Constitutional League of America on the 131st 
Anniversary of the event on steps of Sub- Treasury. N. Y 

Wounded and har- 
pooned whale that 
has been drawn up 
to the side of a wha 1- 
ing vessel, about/ to 
dive again. Thou- 
sands of Fulmar 
Petrel are waiting 
to pick up oily 
scraps. These birds 
follow whaling ves- 
sels for hundreds of 
miles. Whaling 
crews blow up the 
captured whales 
with air pumps to 
make them float and 
haul more easily. 

Taken from a Navy seaplane, this picture shows -the U. S. S. Oklahoma steaming into 
the North River. Note Aeroplane mounted on forward gun turret. 

Georges Carpentier and his pretty wife 
on the steps of the Pullman car "Ideal" 
at Camden Station. "Msieu." Ace and 
Champion Heavyweight of Europe, 
kept a big crowd waiting for his 
late rising the morning the 
picture was taken. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Do You Know of an Older Baltimore 
and Ohio Relic than This? 

THE badge in the accompanying 
picture was one that was worn 
in the procession celebrating 
the laying of the cornerstone of the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, on 
July 4, 1828. It was worn by 
Thomas Turner, a carpenter's ap- 
prentice for the Baltimore and Ohio, 
and a son of John and Martha Tur- 
ner, who was born on April 12, 181 1. 
From the possession of the Turner 
family, the badge passed into the 
hands of Turner's nephew, Charles 
Oliver Conley, who prized the relic 
highly until his death in 19 16. 
H. 0. McAbee, grandson of Charles 
Conley, and chief of our Pass Bureau, 
now has the badge, and it is through 
his courtesy that we have been able to 
get the picture of it. The badge con- 
sists of a single strip of white ribbon, 
its edges yellow with age, but still 
preserving remarkably well the origi- 
nal inscription. That the badge is 
an honored relic in this old Baltimore 
and Ohio family may be known from 
the fact that it is carefullv pasted on 
the inside cover of the family Bible, 
itself almost a hundred years old. 

Thk is a souvenir worthy of pre- 
serving, for the laying of the Balti- 
more and Ohio cornerstone was cer- 
tainly one of th<? most important 
epochs in the history of the United 

Badge worn at laying of cornerstone of 
Baltimore and Ohio 

States and the progress of world 

The Value of Encourage- 

By C. E. McDonald, 
Chief Night Clerk, Clark Avenue Office, 
Cleveland, Ohio 

stimulus to great effort. You 
can take the heart out of the 
best man on earth through fault 
finding and discouragement, a fact to 
which many employes can testify. On 
the other hand, you can, by proper 
encouragement, stimulate almost any 
employe to greater efforts. Fortu- 
nate is the man who has learned the 
value of encouraging his fellow work- 
ers and associates in business, for he 
has made a step toward leadership. 

The great leaders of the world have 
always been men who made it their 
business to encourage others and 
thereby urge them on to greater en- 

The American army in France was 
an encouraged army. The German 
army was a discouraged, brow-beaten 
army. See what happened. The 
thing called "morale" in the army, 
can be developed properly only 
through encouragement. The same 
is true of individual morale. 

Let the other fellow have the dis- 
couraged, brow-beaten force of work- 
ei ; we prefer one which has been 
developed through encouragement, 
inspiration, kindness and fair dealing. 
Also, we will be a good deal happier 
working with such a force. 

— Copyright U ndcru'ood <s* Underwood 

left to right : (standing) Wallace W. Hanger, of Washington, D. C. member of public groupi, Secretary; Albert Phillios, of California; seated William L. Parks, 
of Chicago; J. H. Elliot, of Dallas, Texas; Henry T. Hunt, former Mayor of Cincinnati, Chairman; Horace Baker, of Cincinnati; James J. Forester, of Cincinnati 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Robert M. Van Sant; Editor 
Margaret Talbott Stevens, Associate Editor 
Office, Mt. Royal Station, Baltimore, Md. 
Herbert D. Stitt, Staff Artist 
George B. Luckey, Staff Photographer 

□ □ imitmiiHOtiiimiwnj'! '■■ ■ ■ "■ ■ " " ■■ " ' '-■ ' T. '"' »"' " l: , " G " n ' <; 1 

Q Q »■ ■•aimimtmnui'ininiiaHMiiii.intli Of I.'"" Ui'«w»u« Q liummfMOmnniMlfniinii.miiCjiiii II" Utiu I). Dm' i ~ 

John Wanamaker's Service 

John Wanamaker did a great service to the American 
people when he inaugurated his 20 per cent, reduction 
sales in his two big stores in Philadelphia and New 
York. Hundreds of thousands of people are many dol- 
lars to the good because of this act, the influence of 
which spread rapidly to all parts of the country and is 
still bearing fruit in sharp reductions on all kinds of mer- 
chandise that can be purchased in the department store. 
Some newspaper comment said that Mr. Wanamaker 
had only hit old H. C. L. a light tap on the nose — that 
he had not struck him a body blow. We are inclined to 
think otherwise, especially if consumers will investigate 
carefully all so-called reduction sales, and use their own 
good judgment on the subject of fair prices. Aside from 
the increased turnover, the quicker and larger use of 
invested capital and the greater production which Mr. 
Wanamaker tried to stimulate, perhaps the most im- 
portant result accomplished is the fact that people who 
a month ago were freely spending their money for com- 
modities held at inflated prices, now realize how they 
were being "stung" and will hold off from all except abso- 
lutely necessary purchases until they feel sure that an 
era of fair prices and profits is with us again. 

Rates and Wages 

No matter what we think about wages — our own wages, if you 
please — we've got to admit this fact: 

Wages today — yours and mine, and those of all the rest of the 
wage earners in the country — can buy more transportation than 
ever before, for the simple reason that since the beginning of the 
War, when our railroads were selling the cheapest transportation 
in the world, wages have been increased a much greater per- 
centage than have rates. Any wage earner, even the unskilled 
worker, can ride further now on a day's wages than ever before. 
In other words, you and all other railroaders are producing a 
service which the public is getting relatively cheaper than almost 
anything else they can buy. 

In Italy, rate increases have averaged about 100 per cent, 
since the beginning of the War; in neutral Switzerland freight 
rates have gone up 180 per cent. Here they have increased only 
40 per cent, during the same period. 

A suit of men's ready made clothes, costing $45.00 in Baltimore, 
has less than six cents added to its cost for sending it by rail to 
Chicago for resale there. 

As railroaders, we may feel gratified that we are selling our 
transportation service so cheaply as compared to what they get for 
it in other countries and as compared with the prices of other 
commodities in this country. 

The Railroads to the Public 

A publication has just come to my desk, illustrating 
the interesting trend of thought of railway managements 
in their public service capacities. It is called "A State- 
ment of Facts," and is published by the Long Island 
Railroad for free distribution to its passengers and 
shippers. It is a concise collection of facts, which, after 
covering the function of transportation generally and the 
position of the Long Island Railroad, contains, among 
others, the following suggestive paragraph headings : 

"How Can We Continue the Growth of the Long 
Island Railroad Facilities?"; "Past Performances"; 
"Growth of Long Island Railroad in the Past and Plans 
for the Future"; "Additional Capital Required for Next 
Ten Years to Keep Up With Growth of Traffic"; "Plan 
of the Management to Meet the Situation." 

In other words, the Long Island Railroad, in a state- 
ment signed by its President, has taken into its confidence 
all the factors affecting its existence, service and growth, 
namely, the management, the employes and the public. 
It does not require an unusually clear or prophetic 
vision, nor, again, an unusual optimism to forecast that 
with such frankness obtaining among all the factors in 
the railroad Situation as this pamphlet illustrates, the 
railroad problem will be solved to the satisfaction of 
everybody who is interested in it, and to the permanent 
progress and prosperity of the country as a whole. 

Live Wires on Charleston Division 

Lest pressure of other material prevent our using them 
soon we hasten to acknowledge three good articles just 
received from Charleston Division employes. Two of 
these, the one on the progress our Charleston friends are 
making in cutting down Loss and Damage, and another 
on Economical Coal Consumption, are by N. W. Jones, 
secretary to the Superintendent. The other is on "Old 
King Coal," and is by C. H. Carpenter, train dispatcher, 
Gassaway, who, it will be remembered, was first prize 
winner in the No-Accident Campaign, Eastern Lines, 
during 1919. 

With our thanks for the desire on the part of these 
authors to use the Magazine to present interesting and 
important facts to our readers, go also our congratula- 
tions to the division for having in its personnel, live 
wires who are so intensely interested in the success of 
the Railroad's operations. 

The Coldwater — A Hog Islander 

So much has been published, favorable and unfavor- 
able, about the great Hog Island ship building plant, that 
I was more than pleased to have the opportunity recently 
of inspecting the Coldwater, one of the last freighters 
launched there. She was lying at our Locust Point 
water front loading a miscellaneous cargo for Genoa and 
Naples, Italy. 

Her Captain, H. R. Laster, and her Chief Officer, were 
cordial hosts and gave our party the privilege of a thor- 
ough inspection. What impressed me most, however, 
was the fact that there did not seem to be much to 
inspect. For this huge freighter is a marvel of simplic- 
ity, the most complicated and biggest part of her equip- 
ment being, of course, her oil-burning boilers and the 
turbine engines, set almost amidships. And even this 
great power plant seemed most compact — even small — 
for a vessel of her size. 

Aside from this engine plant and the long, narrow and 
shallow waterproof compartment set in the bed of the 
ship, and just large enough for a man to walk through 

Th<? Observer 

Baltimore and Oliio Magazine 

alongside the great propeller — aside from these and the 
space devoted to quarters for officers and men, the whole 
inside of the ship yawned deep and wide with cargo space. 

On her last trip, by the way, this vessel made the 
quickest turnaround of any Hog Island ship yet built. 
She left our pier at Baltimore on March o and touched at 
Oran, Algiers, Philipoille, Bova and Tunis in Algeria, 
Piraeus in Greece, Genoa in Italy, and at Gibraltar, and 
arrived at Hampton Roads on May 9, just two months 
after leaving. 

Our shipping interests did marvels at building ships 
during the war and it is hoped that whatever legislation 
is necessary to keep our merchant marine in a healthy 
and vigorous condition, will be done, so that we can con- 
tinue to deliver our own goods in our own bottoms. 


Humanity is irrevocably wedded to the idea of im- 
proving on an original article and a "Mixer" or 
"Blender" in any business is important. 

A blend of Mocha and Java makes a better drink than 
if either were brewed alone. By the same token the 
friendly blending of the views of employes and officials 
on the Baltimore and Ohio will create an unbeatable 

And when the "Acid Test" comes, this blend should 
be seasoned with "That ye love one another as I have 
loved you," so as to avoid any possible failure. 

Label that blend with "Love for Humanity," and the 
partnership and corporation, officers and employes, 
will be working in three eight-hour shifts, all for one 
another. — E. V. Bauoh. 

In a Nutshell 

The most dangerous folly in America is the idea of 
manv workers that when they do a half day's work they 
cheat the employer and help fellow workmen to a job. 

They cheat themselves, putting up the high cost of 
living and preparing a day of reckoning. We shan't see 
fifteen million men idle at one time, but we shall see a 
good many hungry, many breadlines formed unless the 
day, once more, produces a day's work. And the work- 
ers, not the employers, will be in the breadlines. 

The women of the country should impress upon their 
sons, husbands and brothers one fact that men ignore. 

One workman for a day's pay gets only what another 
workman produces. Cut the day's production in two and 
you cut your own pay in two in the long run. 

— Arthur Brisbane in New York American. 

This Is Education 

The index to class and trade publications just pub- 
lished by N. W. Ayer & Son, Advertising Agents, Phila- 
delphia, Pa., shows literally hundreds of publications 
devoted to the various arts, sciences, industries, commer- 
cial and agricultural pursuits. Here are some of the 
subjects covered : Cordage, Anti-Tobacco, Bee Keeping, 
Clay, The Deaf, Ginseng, Oology, Peanuts, Sewing 
Machines, Trapping, Zionism. 

"Railroads" are credited with 74 different publications. 
Certainly with the treatment of subjects so diverse as 
those given above, and with an important subject like 
railroading covered by not less than 74 publications, an 
intelligent man in any capacity in life can hardly find 
an excuse for failure to achieve self-improvement. 

Wrist Watches and Worry 

Several months ago one of our officials met W. C. 
Donnelly, supervisor of Time Service. He took him 
apart from the group of men standing around and 
whispered : 

"Say, Donnelly, how do you think a wrist watch 
would look on me?" 

The upshot of the conversation was that Mr. Don- 
nelly secured one of the best in the market for him. 
When the new timepiece was being fitted, the official 
almost reneged. He tried to locate some part of his 
anatomy beside his wrist where it would be convenient 
yet concealed. He suggested his upper arm, but there 
were two objections to this, the high cost of cutting 
holes' in sleeves and the muscular expansion of that part 
of his body. (And be it said here that this official has 
some expansion, for he is one of the many who started 
at the bottom and worked his way up through some of 
the jobs where brawn counts with brain ; now, in a com- 
paratively sedentary position, he still keeps in good 
health by regular exercise.) 

A good looking watch now adorns his wrist each day. 
We suppose that he has been the butt of many jokes 
and jibes from other "practical" railroad men. But 
what, in the last analysis, is more "practical" than 
"convenience" and "utility"? The war completely 
riddled the old idea that the wrist watch and the "sissy " 
were regular partners. Once worn, a man never wants 
to go back to the old timepiece unless he happens to be 
in the position of our trainmen, who are obliged to carry 
watches conforming to certain construction and regu- 
lation standards. 

Tell This to Your Friend Who Is Against 
Rate Increases 

Relatively speaking — and that is the only fair way to consider 
it — it costs less to buy railroad service now than ever before. 
Viewed alongside the race between wages ai. . commodity prices, 
freight and passenger rates look as if they have been standing still. 

The next time anyone tries to jolt you because you are a 
railroad man — and the railroads are asking for an increase in rates 
— just tell him that you are helping produce about the least expen- 
sive thing sold in this country today. And you can add this, too, 
for example: 

"The freight charge on a straw hat from Baltimore 
to Chicago is $.00457, less than half a cent, less, as a 
matter of fact, than the smallest tip that anyone would 
think of handing to the hat boy for checking the hat 
at the dining-room door in any first-class hotel or 

"Even men who are not professedly religious must, if they 
are frank, admit that no community permanently prospers, 
either morally or materially, unless the church is a real and 
vital element in the community life." — Theodore Roosevelt. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Timely Tips Tell Truthful Tales, 
Let Safety Span Our Shining Rails 

By Frank M. Keane 

Locomotive Inspector, Grafton Shops 

TO MAKE the Baltimore and Ohio the 
safest Railroad is a task in which every 
Railroad man may share. There are 
so many elements entering into this attain- 
ment that coordination of these alone will 
accomplish the end. 

One of the principal requirements, accord- 
ing to my mind, is for employes to begin the 
day by considering the tasks that lie before 
them, each one at this time asking himself, 
"'How can I perform my day's work in 
safety?" When we bid mother, wife, sister 
or children "good-bye," as we start out for 
our places of duty, a word of warning and 
solicitude for our safety during the day 
coming from them will ring in our ears all 
day and be the beacon that will keep us in 
the safe path. 

Upon starting work, keep Safety in mind. 
Consider that you are to associate with your 
fellow employes and that a careless moment 
on your part may endanger their lives and 
limbs. Remember that into your hands 
have been intrusted the lives of those who 
have selected Baltimore and Ohio trains on 
which to travel. 

It is the duty of every man engaged in 
transportation to inspect carefully the cars 
and engines that move along our road. A 
signal of a member of a train crew to proceed 
is assurance that the equipment is in safe 
condition. Not only are lives preserved by 
this precaution, but Company property is 
saved from damage or destruction. 

The train runner should be careful in 
giving out orders. When he gives a con- 
ductor orders to set off a car on a siding at a 
station, he should insert, at the bottom of 
the order, a note that care should be exer- 

I believe much good could be accomplished 
if there were placed in all engine cabs a red 
metal sign with this white lettering on it: 

The observance of this warning by our 
engineers would prevent many automobile 
accidents at crossings and would reduce 
considerably the casualties to employes in 

In giving orders to those under their juris- 
diction, foremen and others should always 
add to their orders: 

"And Don't Forget to be CAREFUL:' 

Employes should never jump on engines 
or cars that are moving very fast. They 
should not ride the front end of an engine 
that is moving. A very dangerous practice 
is riding cars with the feet resting against 
the journal box. Men should keep from 
beneath engines and cars outside the shops 

unless cars are protected by blue flr.g 
Extreme care should be exercised whenever 
it becomes necessary to walk along the 
tracks during a snow storm or a wind storm. 

Those walking in the vicinity of dangerous 
places should not cover their eyes and ears 
in bad weather. All couplers, truck bolsters, 
biake shafts, cross ties and rubbish should 
be kept at a distance from the tracks. 
Material should never be piled close to the 
running tracks. 

There are more ways of being killed and 
injured than there are remedies. Statistics 
show that there are less persons being killed 

THE accompanying photograph shows 
a Chandler coupe, which, on Sunday, 
May 9, was presented by the employes 
of the Maryland District to their former 
General Superintendent, M. H. Cahill. 
Mr. Cahill has left the services of the 

and injured in industry each year, and if 
each and every employe of the Baltimore 
and Ohio would give the attention to Safety 
that it should have, there is no reason why 
we could not cut the casualties for 1920 far 
below thosg of 191 9. 

There should be more meetings on Safety 
at which would be present track and station 
men. They do not get the real meaning of 
Safety as do we who are employed at or 
near the terminals. We must also have the 
cooperation of the public if we are to make 
the Baltimore and Ohio the safest road and 
it is for this reason that I urge meetings at 
which outsiders would be present and where 
speakers of ability and note and other enter- 
taining and instructive features would be 

Finally, it is the duty of every one of us to 
see that the orders and requests of our 
President, Vice-Presidents, General Mana- 
gers, Superintendents, Master Mechanics and 
other officers are carried out to the letter. 

Baltimore and Ohio, and is now with the 
Seaboard Air Line. His friends, wishing to 
give him a suitable remembrance in appre- 
ciation of his long service with them, 
appointed a committee to look after the 
subscriptions and to select the gift. This 

The gift car snapped in front of memorial to Union Forces of Civil War at entrance of Druid Hill Park, Baltimore 

Fine Automobile the Token of Friend- 
ship from Maryland District Em- 
ployes to Former General 
Superintendent Cahill 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

committee was composed of the following: 
Superintendent R. B. White, 'chairman; 
F. G. Hoskins, superintendent of Terminals; 
J. K. Faherty and E. P. Welshonce, assis- 
tant superintendents; A. K. Galloway, 
general master mechanic; M. J. Doyle, 
chief clerk to General Superintendent. 

The automobile was presented to Mr. 
Cahill at his office in Norfolk, Va. The 
committee on presentation consisted of the 
following: R. B. White, superintendent; 
W. W. Calder, master car builder; M. J. 
Doyle, chief clerk to General Superinten- 
dent; T. D. Dodds, chief clerk to General 
Master Mechanic; G. A. McGinn; chief 
clerk to Superintendent Deneen. 

Following is a copy of Mr. Cahill's letter 
of thanks: 

Norfolk, Va., May 15, 1920. 
To My Friends, 

The Employes, Maryland Distiict, 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad: 

I wish to extend my most sincere thanks 
and hearty appreciation for the automobile 
which was presented to me by your Com- 
mittee on last Sunday. 

While the gift is of value, and will give to 
me and mine many hours of pleasure, the 
assurance of love and good will of my fellow 
men, which the gift conveys, stirs within me 
a depth of feeling and appreciation which I 
find words inadequate to express. So, 
thanking you again, I am, 

Yours most sincerely, 

(Signed) M. H. Cahill. 

Those Who Want to Attend an 
Accounting School, Hold Up 
Your Hands! 

Weston Has Organized One; Let Us Have Others 

By M. A. Jones 

Secretary to Superintendent 

WE. SEVERN'S, division accountant 
at Weston, W. Va., who is always on 
* the lookout for some way to help the 
other fellow, has organized an Accounting 

The sessions of will be held on 
the 14th and 28th of each month, from 7.00 
p. m. to 9.00 p. m., in the office of the Divi- 
sion Accountant. 

The primary object is to instruct the 
clerks in the Division Accountant's office, 
but it is thought that the junior officers, 
shop foremen, and others will also be glad to 
follow this course of instruction. There 
is nothing compulsory about attending the 
school, but it is an excellent opportunity to 
study railroad accounting in all its branches, 
including timekeeping. 

The school was organized on Wednesday 
evening, April 18. Among those in attend- 
ance were: Superintendent W. Trapnell, 
Chief Clerk and Mrs. W. H. Schide; C. M. 
Criswell, F. C. P. R.; J. P. Ryan, agent at 
Wrston; J. T. Staples, chief train dispatcher; 
C. W. Dixon, car distributor; M. W. Tones, 
secretary to Superintendent; Division Ac- 
countant and Mrs. W. E. Severns. 

Mr. Severns called the meeting to order, 
and, in a short talk, explained the object of 
the school. He was followed by Mr. Trap- 
nell, who expressed his pleasure because of 
the attendance of so many division people. 
The interesting keynote of Mr. Tra'pnell's 
address was "Records — the Importance of 
their Accuracy." 

Chief Clerk Walus spoke of the fundamen- 
tal principles of the Accounting Depart- 
ment. Other interesting talks were given by 
Messrs. Schide, Criswell, and Ryan. 

The school, aside from its technical value, 
is a splendid opportunity for all of us to 
become better acquainted. At the close of 
the session a luncheon, furnished by the 
office force of the Division Accountant, was 
served by Mrs. Schide and Mrs. Severns. 

It has been decided to submit a Form 703 
for a new position in connection with the 
Accounting School, namely, that of "Official 
Mouse Catcher." The appointment will 
go to Mr. Anderson, who has demonstrated 
his ability in this capacity (he catches 'em 
and puts 'em in his pocket). 

We are going to do everything to make the 
Accounting School a success, for we feel that 
it is filling a long-felt need. Watch our 

Changes in the Dining Car 

H. W. Browne, Assistant Superintendent 
of Dining Cars at Pittsburgh, Pa., has re- 
signed, to enter other business. Mr. 
Browne was with this department for 1 1 
years, and lille 1 the positions of Dining Car 
Steward, Inspector of Service, and Assistant 
Superintendent of Dining Cars. The de- 
partment is sorry to see him leave and only 
our best wishes go with him. 

W. H. Eversman has been appointed 
Assistant Superintendent of Dining Cars at 
Pittsburgh, Pa., vice H. W. Browne, re- 
signed. Mr. Eversman comes from the 
Cincinnati District, and has been with the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad for 10 years 
as Dining Car Steward and Inspector of 

John Weis, inspector of service in the 
Baltimore Territory, has by his own request 
been transferred to the Cincinnati Territory 
in place of Mr. Eversman. 

J.J. Reiser, who has been with the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad 1 1 years as Dining 
Car Steward, has been appointed Inspector 
of Service in the Baltimore District, suc- 
ceeding Mr. Weis. 

A passenger who had just dined on 
one of our cars handed to the stew- 
ard a slip of paper on which he had 
w- ; tten this question : 

Why is it that the Baltimore 
and Ohio Diners Are Always the 

Just below he answered his own 
question : 

Better Menus, 
Better Stewards. 

The passenger was Francis H. 
Sweet, Capt. Q. M. Corps, U. S# A. 
The steward was K. H. Ackerman, 
Car 1027. 

It certainly pays ! 

The picture shows 4,140 pounds ot hex and square nuts gathered by our section men on the To'edo Division 
and delivered to our supply train on its March, 1920, trip. These nuts are collected by our track walkers on 
their daily trips, taken to their tool houses, strung on wires, and held until supply train comes through their 
station. This isa great saving to the Company, and we commend them for their efforts, and hope they will 
keep the good work up. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

May Ball of Mt. Clare Welfare, Athletic 
and Pleasure Association 

By George W. Smith 

Director of Publicity 

THE Association held its second annual 
May ball on Thursday evening, April 
29, at the Fifth Regiment Armory. 
More than 4,000 people were in attendance, 
this being the first occasion on which special 
invitations were extended to the employes 
of Riverside and of the general offices. 

The Armory was tastefully decorated; a 
large grandstand had been erected in the 
center of the floor of the auditorium, and, 
trimmed with the colors of the Association 
and American flags, it presented a spectacu- 
lar appearance. A May pole, having a 
hundred streamers, stood in the center of 
the stand. 

Among the guest, were Vice-President 
and Mrs. C. W. Galloway; Vice-President 
and Mrs. Archibald Fries; George H. Camp- 
bell and James S. Murray, assistants to the 
President; General Manager S. Ennes; 
J. T. Cairoll, general superintendent of 
Motive Power; Carroll Roberts, secretary 
to the President; W. J. Dudley, superinten- 
dent of Relief Department; Dr. E. V. Mif- 
holland, chief medical examiner; H. Irving 
Martin, special representative of Relief De- 
partment; J. T. Broderick, superintendent 
of Safety; Leo Finegan, superintendent Mt. 
Clare Shops; W. W. Wood, chief of Welfare 

During the intermission Mr. Wood was 
introduced, and after a few remarks on 
Welfare work, distributed the prizes to the 
winning teams and to the high average men 
of the Alt. Clare Bowling League. 

The committee of arrangements con- 
sisted of J. S. Scharnagle, chairman; M. V. 
Kemm, assistant chairman. Dance com- 
mittee: W. F. Mahaney, chairman; W. 
McKensie, J. M. Paulus, R. V. Hickman, 
E. Cathahart, J. Gibbs, William Carroll. 
Committee at door: M. V. Pascal, chair- 
man; William Gordon, J. B. Carroll, J. T. 
Catagon. Refreshment committee: W. F. 
LaBonte, chairman; T. J. Craft, William 
Crew, 0. Frotling, B. Scheckels, Chailes 
Grams, J. M. Hittle. Hat box: B. Douglas, 
chairman; I. G. Gice, J. W- Bollinger. 

The grand promenade was led by W. F. 
Mahaney. The music was furnished by the 
Alt. Clare Band, William Cracht, director, 
and W. Englehardt, manager. Dancing was 
indulged in until a late hour. 

This occasion was the most successful in 
the history of the Association and President 
James Tatum and his staff of officers and 
committeemen should be complimented. 

The Welfare Association is now a mighty 
popular institution among the employes at 
Alt. Clare. 

The Bowling League 

The Alt. Clare Bowling League closed a 
most successful season, with D. W. Baker, 
high average man, 98.69 for 61 games; L. A. 
Beaumont and AI. Bull, high individual 
score, 128 pins; S. Losinsky, high individual 
score, 3 games, 352 pins. 

High Average Man on Each Team : 

Department Man Score Games 

Accountant's Bloomfield.... 96.333 75 

Pipe and Tin Cook 94 . 942 84 

Iron Foundry Heckwolf 97 095 84 

Erecting Shop Ziegler 92 . 605 7 1 

Stores Ricker 95.156 81 

Supervision Carroll 93.654 78 

The Accountant's Office Team for Leading Series, 
Averaged : 

Baker 98.688 

Bloomfield 96.333 

Whelan 95.831 

Tapman 95.788 

Beaumont 95.561 

Beck 95.222 

The High Team Score for One Game was: 

O'Neill 109 

Losinsky 87 

G. Heckwolf 106 

Schlaht 94 

M. Heckwolf 133 


The Welfare Association at Alt. Clare held 
its annual excursion to Tolchester Beach on 
June 12. It attracted an unusually large 
number, the day was fine, and the affair 
most successful. 

Sixth Annual Concert of the Baltimore 
and Ohio Glee Club 

ABOUT 800 people gathered at Lehmann 
Hall, Baltimore, on the night of 
Alay 17, to hear the Sixth Annual 
Concert of the Baltimore and Ohio Glee 
Club. They were first greeted at the door 
by Baltimore Division Conductors, J. 
A. Bell, J. E. Garry, W. AI. Jenkins, 
and N. E. Reese, who, in uniform, kindly 
acted as ushers. The program boys 
were J. Albert Wieber and Raymond 
A. Hefferman, Company messengers, also in 
uniform. C. A. Thompson, assistant signal 

supervisor, Baltimore Division, was in 
charge of the stage properties. 

In line with the precedents set at previous 
concerts, another railroad setting was pro- 
vided, recognized, as soon as the curtain 
went up, as the north end of the waiting 
room at Mount Royal Station. Ticket 
office, news stand, baggage room and benches 
were true to the original, and a sufficient 
number of people had been "borrowed" 
from the audience to play the part of pas- 
sengers. These, with Ticket Agent Crom- 

Prettily decorated hall filled with friends of the Club 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


"All a b-o-o-o-o-o-ard" — the realistic stage picture was the north end of Mt. Royal Station 

well behind the cage, and with Miss Alice 
Wortham and Miss Dora Becker, two of our 
regular train callers at Camden Station, and 
several of our red-capped porters on the 
stage, made the scene complete^ the illusion, 
just as before the arrival of one of our 
popular trains. 

Then in trooped the members of the Club, 
in white shoes, socks, duck trousers, dark 
coats and straw hats, and with hand bags, 
all ready for a concert tour over the Rail- 
road. In the bit of dialogue which followed 
their entrance it developed that they had 
missed their train and would have to wait 
an hour or so for the next one and that at 
the request of the station employes, they 
would give a concert right there in the 
station. The baggagemaster obliged, so the 
dialogue stated, with the loan of a grand 
piano which had sonlfehow found its way 
into the baggage room, Mr. Smock rallied 
his forces, and the Club opened the concert 
with the appropriate number, "The Song of 

The balance of the program follows: 

John Peel Mark Andrews 

Glee Clcb 

Villanelle (A Rural Song) Eva Del' Aequo 

Yesterday and Today Charles Gilbert Spross 

Birthday R. Huntington nooiiman 

Miss Louise M. Slhcciihardt. Soprano 

De Little Sunflower Coon Charles Gilbert Spross 

The Skippers of St. Ives P. .4. Schnecker 

Glee Clcb 

Romance V icuxlemps 

Mazurka Wieniawski 

Miss Vivienne Cordero, Violinist 

Mynheer Vandunck Sir Henry R. Bishop 

The Bells of Shandon George B. Nevin 

Glee Clcb 

Song of the Vikings Eaton Faning 

Glee Clcb 

Hungarian Rhapsody No. 10 Liszt 

Fireflies Leschetisky 

Mr. Aloerson Mowbray, Pianist 
Hail to Our Native Land (from Aida) . Giuseppe Verdi 

Huzza! Dudley Bu<k 

Glee Clcb 

a. My Heart to Thee Charles Gounod 

b. Spring Song O. Weil 

Miss SCHUCHHARDT, with violin obligato by 
Miss Cordero 

Laughing Franz Abt 

Tinkers' Song (from Robin Hood) . .Reginald de Koven 
Glee Clcb 

It was the consensus of opinion that the 
Club had never given a more varied, enter- 
taining and artistic program. The solo 
numbers of Miss Schuchhardt, Miss Cordero 
and Mr. Mowbray were altogether delight- 
ful, and the Club's singing was splendid. 

Fisher's Jazz ( )rchestra provided excel- 
lent dance music from ten o'clock until mid- 
night, and John Bopp, steward in the Balti- 
more and Ohio Building, served delicious 
ice cream and cake between the dances. 

On the night of May 24, the Glee Club 
sang at the million dollar Community Pier 
for the City of Baltimore, repeating the pro- 
gram given at the concert on May 17. 
During the summer it will also sing for 
other organizations and when the more in- 
spiriting weather of the autumn is with us 
again, will hope to enroll in its membership 
many singers among our employes in Balti- 
more, who are missing a most pleasurable 
association in the Glee Club membership. 

Incomplete Addresses Cause 

To All Concerned: 

The P. O. Department calls attention to 
the large amount of U. S. mail received from 
railroads which does not include street 

numbers as a part of the address on the 

The greater part of such mail is seriously 
delayed while post office clerks ascertain the 
complete address, the Post Office Depart- 
ment correctly holding that this is no part 
of the business of the Postal Service. 

It is, therefore, requested that all offices 
sending I'. S. mail to large cities show on 
envelopes street and number so far as it 
may be practicable to ascertain them. 

J. C. McCahan, Jr., 
Manager Mail and Express Traffic. 

Baptist Convention on a 

THIS story is from H. B. Kight, Maga- 
zine Correspondent at Keyscr, W. Va., 
a sequel to "Sunday School in a Pull- 
man Car," in our May issue. 

On May 11, Xo. 2 reached Streckers, a 
telegraph block office on the 17 mile grade, 
but was blocked by a wrecked freight train 
just below that point, and had to remain 
there for more than five hours. On the 
train were about four or five hundred 
people, many of whom got out to take a 
walk around the beautiful hills. Among 
them were delegates on their way to a 
Baptist Convention in Washington, D. C., 
and with them were many American Indian 
converts. One of these Indians mounted 
a pile of cross-ties, gave out hymns that were 
sung by the passengers, who had assembled 
as a congregation, and then preached an 
eloquent sermon. When he had finished, 
another of his race stepped forward, bared 
his head, showing his straigh , jet-black 
hair,, parted in the middle and adorned 
with a red ribbon, and offered up a prayer, 
which the traveling men on the train said 
was the best that they had ever heard. 

There are two GOOD places to eat at home, and on a Baltimore and Ohio dining car 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 



— «f 


Women's Department 

Edited by Margaret Talbott S't evens 


Do you see the hills of Junetide, thru the fields of daisies white? 
Do you hear the bluebells ringing out their songs of love and light ? 
Do you feel the gladness 'round you as the breezes, soft and sweet, 
Whisper softly to the flowers and the grasses at our feet ? 
Oh, the roses breathe their fragrance as the raindrops 'round them play, 
When June comes tip the valley and makes the whole world gay. 

Dear Women Readers: 

Of all the old-fashioned flower gardens 
in the world, I think Susan Green's garden 
was the prettiest. 

Susan Green was only a black woman, 
but she was the neatest and the cleanest 
black woman that ever you heard of. A 
little bit of a person, a relic cf the times 
when every white person was known as 
"Massa" or "Missus"; bedecked in the 
bluest of blue dresses, the whitest and 
starchiest of white aprons, and the reddest 
cf kerchiefs about her head, she looked as 
if she had tried to impersonate the American 
flag. But she was only displaying her in- 
born taste for colors. And as she stood in 
the doorway of her little whitewashed house 
on that summer afternoon, bowing and 
courtesying to every passerby, you would 
have thought that she owned the whole world, 
so happy was the smile on her little wrinkled 

We had been to Marlboro Fair, which 
father and mother had taken us 15 miles to 
see, and when brother and I, with our little 
tongues almost parched with the heat and the 
dust from the passing vehicles, begged for 
a drink of water, father promised to let us 
stop at the next house we saw to get a drink. 
As soon as we had turned from the long 
lane through the pine forest, we caught sight 
of the little white house with its green 
shutters. Out cf the carriage we both 
bounded, before the horses stopped, and ran 
as fast as we could up the lane and through 
the wicker gate, and up the pebble walk to 
where we met Susan Green. 

'.'You po' children, I bet you wants a 
drink o' water, doan' yo' now?" 

"You bet we do," we answered. 

"Well, yo' jes' come along wid me, 
honey, an' yo' kin drink jes' ez much ez yo' 

Then we went around back of the house 
and acrcss the vegetable garden to where 
stood a huge oak tree, at the foot of which 
bubbled a little spring of water, whose bed 
was lined with pebbles, and into which ran 
the clearest, coolest water imaginable. 
Beside the spring, on a post, hung a drink- 
ing cup, made of a cocoanut shell. 

When we had satisfied our thirst, Susan 
led us back to the tiny front porch and bade 

us sit on one of the rustic benches and rest 
ourselves while she went into the house for 
a few minutes. There in the shade of the 
dark green leaves of the Madeira vine, 
which hung its clusters of white flowers 
above our heads, we saw a beautiful sight. 
All down on each side cf the pebble walk 
was a border of mignonette. Down near the 
gate, on either side, was an old wooden 
washtub, which had been painted green and 
filled with Mexican rcses, or portulacca. 
In the middle of one side of the yard stood 
an old-fashioned rockery, about four feet 
high, and built to represent a stone well. 
In this grew the spicy petunias, while from 
between the crevices of the rocks peeped 
wild ferns and mosses. 

On the other side of the yard was a pecu- 
liarly shaped wooden trough. This had out- 
grown its usefulness as a drinking place for 

cattle, and had been set upon three substan- 
tial legs ; now it held a mass of nasturtiums 
of every color. On a tripod near the porch 
hung an old copper kettle, filled with red 
geraniums. Marigolds, verbenas, zinnias 
and snapdragons grew in abundance, while 
all around the garden fence tall hollyhocks 
nodded their heads in a fitting background 
for this riot of color. 

While we sat there, swinging our feet and 
feasting our eyes on the picture, Susan re- 
appeared, carrying a platter of little cakes. 
These filled our cup of happiness to over- 
flowing, and as we ran back and climbed 
into the carriage munching them delightedly, 
Susan followed us and made her best 
courtesy to our parents. 

"Susan," said mother, "you must feel 
like a flower youiself, living in such a 
paradise as this." 

"No ma'am," answered Susan. "But if 
I is a flower, I mus' be one o' dem black 
ginger-root blossoms, what grows close to 
de groun' in de big woods." 

And she stood under the archway of the 
wicker gate, which was hanging with clusters 
of seven-sisters roses, bowing again and 
again, until we were clear out of sight. 

In the recipe column you will find the 
recipe for Susan's cookies, just as she gave 
it to us. If you want to know whether these 
little cakes are good or not, ask anybody on 
the Magazine staff— except the Editor. We 
had some cf them at lunch one day while he 
was out, and we ate every crumb of them 
before he got back. 

Yours sincerely, 

Associate Editor. 

Women Who Have Made Good — Our Three 
Women Veterans 


V AKE a walk through a half-dozen of 
our general offices today and you will 
find the number of men and women 
workers to be about equal. Twenty years 
ago, a woman who held a railroad position 
was considered foitunate indeed. Few of 

our women can boast of a record of twenty 
years of service, but the accompanying 
photograph shows our three Women Vet- 
erans at Baltimore. They are (left to 
right): Miss M. Elizabeth Bell, file clerk, 
General Superintendent's office; Mrs. Louise 

Twenty years in service and ready for twenty, more— Our Women Veterans 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Mrs. Housewife, What Do You Think of This for 
Ninety-six Cents? 

Not many years ago you bought material enough to make a nice summer 
dress for 96 cents ; you purchased a good pair of silk hose, or gingham enough 
for 4 kitchen aprons for 96 cents; a respectable-looking shirtwaist cost you less 
than 96 cents, while that same amount of money would pay your expenses for a 
day in a good boarding house. Then, too, 96 cents would bring over 100 pounds 
cf butter all the way from Chicago to Baltimore. 

Today, however, you pay about 96 cents PER YARD for your little sum- 
mer dress; your silk hose cost you now at least 3 times 96 cents; you pay 
96 cents for one gingham apron instead of for 4; the shirtwaist that you could 
buy for 96 cents would stand about two washings, while for this sum you might 
now manage to buy a dinner. BUT 96 CENTS STILL BRINGS 100 POUNDS 
you figure out how they do it ? Don't you think that the railroads are justified 
in asking for a freight rate increase? Talk it over with John tonight. 

A. Sagle, day matron, and Miss Sclina C. 
Crone, night matron — all located at Cam- 
den Station. 

Whenever we break in a new file clerk at 
the Central Building, particularly if it be a 
young lady, that person must always run 
the gauntlet of a bit of advice, i. e., "You 
ought to try to be as good a file clerk as 
Miss Bell at Camden. She is one of the best 
that we have ever had." These are words 
of wisdom, for they represent what our 
Railroad thinks of "Miss Lizzie," as she is 
affectionately known. Miss Bell entered 
the service of the Baltimore and Ohio on 
May 4, 1891, as file clerk in the office of 
General Manager Odell. In November, 
1897, she was transferred to the office of the 
General Superintendent at Baltimore, 
where, she says,- "I'm still there and they 
can't get rid of me." That's her story; we 
never heard of anybody suggesting such a 
thing and we are sure that nobody would 
want to. Miss Bell was the first President 
of the Ladies' Auxiliary, Baltimore Chapter 
of Veterans. 

Everybody who has done much traveling 
from Camden Station, knows Mrs. Sagle. 
It is she who keeps a trained ear and a keen 
eye on all the women who enter the Women's 
Rest Room at that station. She has an ever 
ready word of good advice and is a sympa- 
thetic listener to your troubles. She knows 
her business and attends to it. She toler- 
ates no loafing or foolishness. Mrs. Sagle 
began work with the Company on October 
5, 1899, in the position that she now holds. 
Her hobby is to boost the Baltimore and 
Ohio at every opportunity. "The best 
thing that I ever did in my life," says Mrs. 
Sagle, "was to join the Veterans' Associa- 
tion last October." 

With the exception of two years, Miss 
Selina C. Crone has served the Baltimore 
and Ohio as Night Matron at Camden for 
the past 29 years. She is a sister of George 
Crone, a pensioned gateman. For a long 
time the two worked together at Camden. 
A woman like Miss Crone, who is willing to 
work in such a capacity during the weary 
hours of the night, deserves a vote of 

thanks. Those who know her, speak only 
in terms of praise for her services. 

We are proud of these women. From 
their present ability and appearance, we are 
sure of the pleasure of having them work 
with us for another 20 years, at least. 
If, at the end of that time, they will do us 
the favor of posing for another photograph, 
we shall endeavor to use our influence to 
secure for each one a pass to California in 
an airplane, for we understand that to take 
such a trip is the mutual aim of this trio. 

Don't Let 

Him Spoil 


ANY &P\"RO"& 
THIS 730 flCnx>l) 

T^HERE arc so many ways in which She 
can fool Him. Sometimes Little 
Brother says, "Sister told me to tell you 
that she is not in," or 
"She is ill and forgot 
that you made that en- 
gagement," etc. (they 
all sound familiar). 
But, suppose that He 
is at the house at sup- 
per time, Mother will 
not have Him come in 
for the meal, and you 
are starving for your 
supper, what can yo,u 
do? Here is an idea 
that was carried out 
by one of our popular 
girls of the Freight 
Claim Department. 

He and She are sit- 
ting in the living room. 
Mother rings a small 
bell in the kitchen and 
calls, " Telephone ! ' ' 
The girl is sure that it 
is her married sister 
who is calling her, and 
begs to be excused for 
half an hour, as her 
sister is an awful 
talker. Of course He 
politely uiges her to 
take all the time she 

wants, picks up a magazine, and makes 
himself comfortable. 

P. S. — Answering the 'phone is camou- 
flage for eating her supper. 

Note — If the poor fellow is so unpopular 
as this with the family, why not tie a brick 
around, his neck and drop him overboard 
the next time you go down the Bay? 
'Twould certainly be more humane. 

What to Do with an Old Trunk 

LADY who recently moved into an 
apartment, has an old trunk, which, be- 
cause of its unsightly appearance, she was 
for a time at a loss where to hide. She 
finally devised a plan to make a window 
seat. The trunk had a flat top, so she fas- 
ioned a cushion to fit the top and fastened 
it all around with small furniture taek^. 
Then taking a piece of cretonne she placed 
it over this cushion and fastened it in the 
same manner, but drew the ends of the cre- 
tonne below those of the cushion, until the 
entire top was covered, as far as the opening. 
Then she made a deep ruffle of the cretonne, 
long enough to reach across the one side ami 
the two ends of the trunk. By means of a 
drawing string, this was fastened to the 
trunk itself, just at the corners, so that the 
ruffle met the cushion just at the Opening. 
When she had arranged a pair of curtains of 
the same material and moved the trunk up 
to the window with the uncovered side next' 
to the wall, the effect was charming. A 
little fern in the window completed the 
picture. The cretonne that was used 
matched the wall paper — a pink ru>c design 
with a black stripe. 



1 S I X TA&S TO-R 


tokth-r&e Smiths haveher"Rooa\ 


Sheyvants hertrunkstut lA/DASH'S 


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OUiSA This will safe c-uA-Rt> 



Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

An Engaging Candidate for Popular Favor among 
Modes of the New Season 

THIS design for a dress is so simple and 
engaging that many misses and small 
women will want to reproduce it in 
voile, gingham or chambray. It is even 
very attractive in serge, taffeta or satin. 
Medium size requires 4^ yards 36-inch 
material so that it is not at all expensive. 
There is no lining required and the round 
neck and short sleeves provide two ex- 
ceedingly attractive features. Embroidery 
braid or fancy stitching may be added to 
the front of the waist if desired. The side 
front, back and short sleeves are out in one 
piece. Attached to the waist is a two-piece 
gathered skirt. 

The cutting and construction guides solve 
the hardest problems for the home dress- 
maker, for they assure good lines and save 
material. To properly cut the dress place 
the front and back gores of the skirt along 
the lengthwise fold of material, with triple 
"TTT" perforations right on the edge of 
fold. Next, take section "R, " which com- 
prises the side front, side back and short 

ilTI.NG GL'JDt Q859 Shying b.zel6 

Next join skirt gores as notched, leaving 
side seam free above the single large "0" 
perforation in .front gore. Finish edges for 
closing and gather upper edge of skirt. 
Sew skirt to lower edge of waist, bringing 
side seam to under-arm seam. Leave skirt 
free from center-front to left side edge. 
Draw gathers to the required size and finish 
for closing. 

Now, form plait in sash and bring folded 
edge to corresponding small "o" perfora- 
tions and press. Adjust over the right end 
of girdle and tack to position. Adjust girdle 
around the waist and close at left side, lap- 
pingto the small "o" perforation when closing. 

Pictorial Review Dress No. 8859. 
Size, 14 to 20 years. Price, 35 cents. 

"Who is Queen of Baby-Land? 
Mother, kind and sweet; 
And her love 
Born above 
Guides the little feet." — Eugene Field. 

SLivAGE LOG i-t 

Patented Apnl t*j. 1907 

FOLO Of 36 


Practical Dishes for Practical People 

sleeve and lay on the goods, large "0" per- 
forations resting on a lengthwise thread. 
The back and front of the waist and the 
girdle are placed along the lengthwise fold^ 
of material. Sash stay and cuffs have large 
"O" perforations on a lengthwise thread. 

The side edges of the front and back sec- 
tions of the waist are turned under on lines 
of slot perforations, as the first stop toward 
making. Press and keep the lines straight. 
Next, close right shoulder seam as notched 
and finish the left for closing. Lap front 
and back on side front and side back, with 
the notches and edges underneath even and 
with shoulder seam at small "o" perforation 
in section H. Stitch to position one inch 
from folded edges, leaving the edges to the 
left of center-front free and finish for closing. 
Close under-arm and sleeve seam. Gather 
lower edge of blouse between "T" perfora- 
tions and adjust stay underneath gathers, 
with center-fronts and center-backs even. 
Leave upper edge of stay free. 


Susan Green's Walnut Cookies 

I cup shortening. 
1 level cup sugar. 

1 egg, well beaten. 
3 cup milk. 

2 j level cups flour. 

1 level teaspoon baking powder. 
5 teaspoon salt. 

5 cup black walnut meats. 

2 teaspoons vanilla. 

Cream the shortening, add sugar, egg, 
milk, and vanilla. 

Sift thoroughly the baking powder with 
the salt and flour, then add. Toss on a 
floured board, and roll as thin as possible, 
using a small portion of the dough at a time. 
Cut into fancy shapes, pressing a few nut 
meats into each cookie. Bake in a mod- 
erate oven until a light brown. Watch 
carefully, for these burn very quickly. 

Here's another good biscuit recipe: 

Dixie Biscuit 

Sift, then measure 2 cups flour. Add 
5 teaspoonful salt, one rounded teaspoonful 
baking powder. Sift again. Add one 
tablespoonful lard. Rub into flour until 
smooth. Beat well the white of one egg, 
stir into one-third cup of milk. Pour this 
into the other mixture and stir briskly with 
spoon until well mixed.- Toss out on a 
board. Roll thin, cut with biscuit cutter, 
rub over with melted butter, double each 
over and prick with a fork. Bake in a quick 

Sea Foam Cup Pudding 

Sift 2 level teaspoonfuls baking powder 
into one pint flour. Add one teaspoonful 
salt. Stir in slowly § cup of milk. Put a 
teaspoonful of this mixture into a cup, then 
a teaspoonful of jam or marmalade, then 

another teaspoonful of the batter until cup 
is nearly filled. Steam for 35 minutes. 
Serve with sugar and cream or with any 
good pudding sauce. 

Potato Salad and Mayonnaise Dressing 

With the ripening of our own fruits and 
vegetables, the possibilities for making 
dainty salads are almost unlimited. Potato 
salad is one of our old standbys, but it may 
be taken out of the commonplace by the 
manner in which it is served. Have you 
ever tried it with green vegetables? Boil 
the potatoes and cut into small cubes. 
Add the usual seasonings, salt, pepper, a 
tiny bit of onion, and a green pepper chop- 
ped finely. Take a few cooked string-beans 
and slice each in four lengthwise sections'. 
Marinate in a little mayonnaise dressing 
and mix with potatoes. Serve on water- 
cress with mayonnaise dressing, prepared 
as follows: 

2 teaspoons salad oil. 

2 tablespoons cornstarch. 

1 tablespoon lemon juice. 

1 teaspoon salt. 

1 egg yolk. 

5 cup olive oil. 

\ cup salad oil. 

\ teaspoon pepper. 

\ teaspoon mustard. 

f cup scalded milk. 

Mix cornstarch, salad oil, lemon juice, 
and vinegar in a measuring cup or small 
bowl. Add the scalded milk and cook over 
hot water until very thick, beating 
thoroughly to prevent lumping. Beat well 
the egg yolk and stir it into the hot sauce. 
When mixture is cool, beat in the olive oil, 
a teaspoonful at a time, together with the 
seasonings until the mixture is thick and 
smooth. This will keep well in a glass jar. 
Stir well each time before using. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Summer Frocks for Home Dressmakers 
to Duplicate at Moderate Cost 

TO the average woman, the most inter- 
esting styles are those which give her 
the assurance of duplicating them 
without overestimating her ability as a 
seamstress or exceeding her budget for 
dress. An original design may be ever so 
much a work of art, but its success is meas- 
ured largely by its adaptability. 

Each of the models featured with this 
description may be duplicated by the home 
dressmaker. Even w-here embroidery is 
used as a decoration, the motifs are so 
simple that they require only the plainest 
stitches to develop. The great variety in 
summer styles indicates more than anything 
else, the desire of Dame Fashion to cater 
to all tastes and meet all demands. Of 
especial interest to conservatives is the fact 
that not for several seasons have so many 
models shown the waistline poised at normal. 

Sometimes the regularly adjusted waist- 
line is offset by the unexpected treatment 
of skirts, but here, too, there is wide latitude, 
the straight, gathered skirt being quite as 
much in demand as the draped or plaited 
one. One never can tell what will come 
next in skirts. As a matter of fact, there 
are heard faint rumblings of the return to 
the puff and bustle effect at the back. 

Expressing impressive simplicity and 
irresistible chic at one and the same time is 
a dress in figured dimity. The skirt closes 
at the left side seam and has a deep plait at 
the back which is stitched down part way. 
The blouse has a deep open neck finished 
with a fichu collar. The fronts are crossed 
and closed in surplice style. Dainty turn- 
back cu.fs trim the short sleeves, while 
bands of plain organdy and frills of lace en- 
hance the effectiveness of both fichu and 
cuffs. The belt is. of satin striped ribbon in 
black and white. In fect, black and white 
combinations are interposed in many of the 
smartest decorative effects of the season, 
despite the reign of gay colors. They sup- 
ply the French note and are generally be- 

Blouse, long and short, are among the 
most adaptable features of the mode. 
Used separately or as part of two or three- 
piece costumes they enjoy a commanding 
position. For summer there are many de- 
signs that reach barely to the hips, their 
length being further abbreviated by narrow 
belts which hold in the fulness at the waist- 
line. A white wool jersey is exceedingly 

Dress No. 8068. 
Price, 25 cents. 

Dress No. 8102. 
Price, 25 cents. 

Dress No. 8897. 
Price, 35 cents. 

Dress No. 891 i. 
Price, 35 cents. 

Blouse No. 8874, 
Price, 30 cents. 

Blouse No. 8846 
Price, 30 cents. 

.Skirt No. 8295. 
Price, 20 cents. 

Sizes, 34 to 48 bust. 
Sizes, 34 to 44 bust. 
Sizes, 34 to 44' bust. 
Sizes, 34 to 44 bust. 
Sizes, 34 to 44 bust. 
Sizes, 34 to 48 bust. 
Sizes, 24 to 36 waist. 

Dress 8911 
35 cents 

Dress Dress 
8921 8917 
35 cents each 

effective made with such a 
panicd by a plain gather 
blouse is stitched about the 
lower edge with white silk 
Sleeves are short and neck 

Dress, No. 8400. Sizes, 
Price, 25 cents. 

Blouse No. 8926. Sizes, 
Price, 30 cents. 

Skirt No. 8928. Sizes, 
Price, 25 cents. 

Dress No. 8930. Sizes, 
Price, 35 cents. 

blouse, accom- 
ed skirt. The 
neck, cuffs and 
soutache braid, 
square in out- 

34 to 46 bust. 
, 34 to 48 bust. 
24 to 36 waist. 
34 to 46 bust. 

Blouse No. 8894. 
Price, 30 cents. 

Skirt No. 8835. 
Price, 25 cents. 

IJress No. 8886. 
Price, 35 cents. 

Dress No. 8921. 
Price, 35 cents. 

Dress No. 8917. 
Price, 35 cents. 

Sizes, 34 to 46 bust. 
Sizes, 24 to 34 waist. 
Sizes, 34 to 50 bust. 
Sizes, 14 to 20 years. 
Sizes, 14 to 20 years. 

Simplicity and Gracefulness Combined 

Dress 8400 
'"• cents 

Blouse S02B-30 cents 
Skirt MI2S-20 centa 

Dress 8930 
35 cents 

Dress 8068 
25 cents 

Our Pattern Service 

We are pleased to have filled a number of 
orders for patterns that were illustrated in 
the May issue of the Magazine. 

Not only may the patterns, as shown* on 
these pages, be ordered through this office, 
but also any Pictorial Review pattern as 
given in the Pictorial Review Fashion Book, 
or as advertised elsewhere. 

For quick service,' fill out the coupon, cut 
out and mail to us. 


You can get any pattern here shown 
by filling out the following coupon, clip- 
ping and enclosing with price shown 
(stamps, check or money order; in 
envelope addressed "Baltimore and 
Ohio Magazine, Mount Royal Station." 

Try our pattern service five days 
from day you mail order to day you get 





Send pattern number 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

The Baltimore and Ohio Veterans— and Their Wives 

By Aunt Mary * 

THE custom of standing with bowed 
heads as a mark of respect to a de- 
ceased brother is a beautiful ceremony 
which has been adopted by the Baltimore 

On Monday evening, May 3, at their 
regular monthly meeting, about 500 mem- 
bers of this mighty army of the Railroad 
bowed their heads for a half-minute of 
silence in honor of James M. Adams. There 
they stood; some were young men who had 
begun their railroad careers while they were 
yet in their early teens; some were fellows 
in the prime of life through whose hair 
glistened here and there a thread of silver 
that told of twenty years or more of honest 
toil; there were grandfathers with white 
hair but with eyes that still sparkled with 
the fires of youth. These were the men 
that I saw — honest, whole-hearted men, the 
sweat of whose brows and the toil of whose 
hands have fashioned a mighty Railroad. 

Nor was this only a picture. The stirring 
words of their President as he addressed 
them, calling them "Dressed-up Sons of 
the Baltimore and Ohio," seemed to fill 
them with a desire to prove their worth; and 
they did it. When one of them, J. W. 
Riley, was presented with a $5.00 gold 
piece as a reward for having secured 25 
new members for the Association, did he 
drop it carefully into his pocket and take 
his seat? He did not. 

"Here I have five dollars," he said, step- 
ping to the front of the platform. "I am 
going to double it and turn it over to be 
used for a worthy cause — to help any old 
employe who may be in need." 

"I'll add five more to that," came a voice 
from half-way down the hall. 

"Here's one more," echoed another from 
the front row. Then came the ones, *' 
twos, and the fives, until the gold piece 1 

*'*Aunt Mary" is the pen name under which Miss 
Margaret Talbott Stevens, our Associate Editor, has 
written several stories for the Magazine. Though re- 
quested to report her own talk at this meeting for the 
Magazine, she gives it but a phrase in this article. 
Those who had the pleasure of hearing her need not. 
however, be reminded either of her modesty or her 
interesting address. 

multiplied itself 13 times. What a spirit! 
These people know the real definition of 

A Home for Veterans 

"What we need," said President Bowers, 
"is a home for Veterans." Then he gave 
one of his popular heart-to-heart talks in 
which he spoke of the plans for the home. 
The present meeting-place at the Jr. O. U. 
A. M. Hall, on Paca Street, will not accom- 
modate more than 500 members comfort- 
ably, and since there are about 1,500 Balti- 
more Veterans, it is desirable to provide 
more roomy quarters for their meetings. 
They propose to buy a hall and to make a 
"real" home of it. The question of location 
is now under consideration. Said Mr. 
Bowers, "We will just keep working away 
until we get it." 

Then Came the Women 

We had often heard reports of the fine 
"spreads" which are served to the Veterans 
.t the close of their meetings, and we won- 
dered how they managed it. But on this 
occasion, when the meeting had been turned 
over to the entertainment committee, the 
secret was out. The Veterans, like all other 
men folks, found that in order to make a 
success of their Association, they must 
enlist the services of the ladies; hence the 
Ladies' Auxiliary, which is made up of the 
wives of the Veterans. When this was ex- 
plained to me, I saw the point! When 
Friend Husband leaves home in the evening, 
saying that he is going to the Veterans' 
Association meeting, then he has just got to 
go to that meeting — because Wifey goes p 1 " 
with him to the meetir" ' ' 

. 6 c, the women 
....^ they all came up and 
..^u iorces with the Veterans in order that 
they might all enjoy the rest of the program 
together. What fun they had in getting 
seated! The hall was filled to overflowing, 
and every man whose wife was there arose 
and gave that lady his seat; but (Sh-h-h-h!) 

every man whose wife wasn't there wanted 
to sit next to the other fellow's wite. 
(Moral: Wives, accompany your husbands 
to the Veterans' Association meetings.) 

The Cooperative Stores 

Interesting as well as instructive was the 
talk given by William F. Braden, Safety 
representative, in which he set forth the 
plans for the establishment of the Coopera- 
tive Stores of Baltimore. Mr. Braden also 
distributed application cards for member- 
ship in the Cooperative Stores Association, 
and leaflets which explain the principles and 
aims of these stores. These leaflets tell the 
story of a good investment, which ought to 
bring results, not only in a reduction of the 
cost of living of Baltimore and Ohio em- 
ployes, but in the opportunity to make your 
money work for you. Everybody has a 
chance to become a stockholder, and we 
are depending upon our Veterans to help 
encourage the movement. (Mr. Braden 
later advised the writer that the employes of 
the Pennsylvania and Western Maryland 
Railroads have been asked to join in the 
enterprise and that many are responding.) 

Mr. Wood Speaks 

Our newly appointed Chief of Welfare 
Department gave an address on "Friend- 
ship," and he gave it as only Mr. Wood 
can. He emphasized in particular the fact 
that man lives not to himself alone, but 
there are certain duties that he owes to his 
fellow man. "Remember," said he, "the 
man who cheats his brother, cheats himself." 

I wish that more of our railroaders could 
hear Air. Wood; many of us have already 
met him through the talks which he has 
given from time to time in behalf of the 
Relief Department, but he has not been 
half-way around yet. He is truly the 
"Patrick Henry of the Railroad;" having 
heard him once, you will want to hear him 

Ice Cream and Woman Suffrage 

After listening very attentively while 
"Aunt Mary" told how the Magazine 
could be made more useful to the Veterans, 
and while we were yet engaged in lively dis- 
cussions concerning man's place in ths 
kitchen, the assembly was very forcibly 
informed by J. W. Riley that "The ice 
cream is meltin'!" This announcement 
being solemn enough to bring tears to the 
eyes of the sf- rr " Veteran present, 
Pre c;,J isely asked that a 


me ladies served the 
„v-ncious ice cream and home-made 
cake. Cigars were passed around among 
the men, and then, led by Mr. Bowers, a 
series of stump speeches on Woman Suffrage 
added greatly to the amusement of the 
evening. Whether the remarks of these 
gentlemen are to be considered as represent- 
ing the consensus of opinion of the Asso- 
ciation, or whether these kind words were 
spoken out of gratitude, born of fear that the 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


ladies might hesitate in preparing future 
banquets, we do not exactly know; at any 
rate these would-be-voters seem to have a 
strong ally in the Veterans' Association. 

Said Past President Holmes: "Why do 
you ask if we are in favor of women voting? 
Women will vote whether we say so or not. 
Why, the women are always voting; the 
members of the Ladies' Auxiliary do nothing 
but vote." 

Whereupon, this sally was very cleverly 
answered by Mrs. Shipley, President of the 
Ladies' Auxiliary, who gave us to under- 
stand that women will vote and will con- 
tinue to do so until they get what they want. 
To this the rest of us echoed "Amen." 

The Women Veterans 

( )f the 1 ,497 Baltimore Veterans, there are 
1,494 men; the rest are women. We are 
mighty proud of these women, and their 
names are — but, that's our little secret. If 
you would like to meet them, and I know 
you would, turn these pages until you come 
to the Women's Department. 

Brunswick Veterans' Asso- 

By J. E. Glenn 
Magazine Correspondent 

ri^HE Brunswick Veteran Employes' Asso- 
ciution holds its regular monthly meet- 
ings in the auditorium of the Baltimore 
and Ohio Y. M. C. A. As a rule, all of these 
are well attended awl the members enjoy 
many instructive and interesting addresses. 
Each meeting seems to be the means of 
bringing closer together those who have 
given to the Railroad their loyal support, 
and makes each one say, "I am glad that I 
was there." 

Our Chapter has about a hundred mem- 
bers, and is growing steadily. President 
W. Ray Smith, chief train dispatcher, and 
Secretary W. C. Compton, are both old- 
timers in service; they are up-to-date, and 
are the right kind of workers, filling the 
right places. 

It would be a great pleasure to the Bruns- 
wick Division to enroll as members every 
eligible employe in and around this section. 
Remember that the word "Veteran" does 
not mean "old age," but rather, "strong 
man;" it means "years of service with the 
Railroad," as we interpret it; the roster is 
wide open, and an invitation is heartily ex- 
tended to all those who are eligible to enter 
their names thereon. 

Connected with these meetings is a social 
feature, and on each occasion the Veterans 
spend an enjoyable evening. The last meet- 
ing was held on Tuesday evening, May 18. 
A special program had been arranged by 
C. B. Brett, Brock McBee, and T. A. Siga- 
foose. Promptly at 8 o'clock, W. R. Smith 
arose and introduced the speakers of the 
evening: Messrs. W. T. Ault, John T. 
Martin and Dr. H. S. Hedges. 

At the conclusion of their addresses, the 
following program was rendered: 

Pipe Organ Selections — 

Cupid's Message - Valse. 
Medley - - - . Sullwit. 

March in C - - Williams Mrs. N . E.Comuay 
Solos— "You're a Million Miles from 

Home." "Granny" Mrs. C. F. Vanosdalf 

Recitation — "Seeing Things at Night" Miss G. Hood 
Trio— "Aisle of Golden Dreams," 

"I'm Forever Thinking of You." 

Miss Wable. Mrs. McDonald. Mr. Good 
Reading— "Selling the Violin". . Miss Bertha Keller! 
Solos -"I'm Longing for You." "Daddy. 

You Have Been a Mother to Me" . Mrs. F. Troxell 
Recitation— 'The Inventor's Wife" Miss Lerina Hood 
Special Selection — 

Banjo and Guitar. 

Violin and Guitar ,.Mr. Lake and Son 

A rising vote of thanks and appreciation 
was extended to all those who participated 
in the entertainment. 

At the conclusion of the above program, 
refreshments were served, and the meeting 
was closed by the singing of the "Star- 
Spangled Banner." 

Cumberland Chapter 

By H. Allison 

HE Veteran Employes' Association of 
Cumberland, Md., held its regular 

monthly meeting in the I. O. O. F. Hall, 
Virginia Avenue, on May 18. 

At the close of the business meeting, the 
Veterans entertained the Ladies' Auxiliary 
of the Association with the following pro- 

Piano selection — Medley ; Brother Lang 

Duet (violin and piano). ...Miss Fannie Brubaker 

and Master Brubaker 

Piano solo Miss Evelyn Bloss 

Song — " 'Till We Meet Again" Miss Brubaker 

and Brother Wilson 

Recitation — "Footprints of a Veteran" 

Brother H. Allison 

Song— "Afton Water" Brother J. W. Miller 

Address— "Woman's Power in Organization" 
Brother J. Lucas (The Man Behind the Anvil) 
"A toast to the Balmy Spring. 
We'll fill our cups and sing." 

Song— 'Mary o' Argyle Brother J. W. Miller 

Selection — "Troubles with Limburger Cheese" 

Brother A. Y. Wilson 
Comic Sketch — "Bathing at Atlantic City" 

Brother H. Allison 

The meeting was closed by the singing of 
"The .Star-Spangled Banner" in unison. 

The writer wishes to thank all of those who 
contributed towards the success of the even- 
ing, and express his appreciation of the 
splendid attendance. 

"Good night, good night, 
Parting is such sweet sorrow, 
That I shall say good night. 
Until it be tomorrow." — /. W. Miller, 
Chairman of Entertainment Committee. 
The membership of both the Veterans 
and of the Ladies' Auxiliary are showing an 
encouraging increase and interest in this 
open shop of friendship. 

Connellsville Chapter 

'T^HE "Spirit of the Baltimore and Ohio" 
pervaded a meeting of the Connells- 
ville Veterans' Association on May 12, 
when members from Connellsville, Glen- 
wood, and Cumberland, shared in welcom- 
ing the visit of the officers of the Grand Lodge. 

The greater part of the program consisted 
of instructive and entertaining talks by the 
vuvting officers. Grand President Stunner 
cautioned the Veterans about the use and 


(Including Bad Order Cars) 

Highest Per Cent. Increase — M 

Feb. Mar. Apr. ^5&^ ri AoriW 11 
1920 1920 1920 "rtormance Over Best Previous | = 

January l". 1912 Inc . ReCOrd Dec . S« 













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1 1 

















Cumberland (East) 























Maryland District 




























1 8 

Pennsylvania District 






























Ohio River 























West Virginia District 







Baltimore & Ohio Eastern Lines. 






















36 9 




New Castle 





















Northwest District 



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... 36 



Southwest District 







Baltimore & Ohio Western Lines. 











Office General Superintendent of Transportation— Baltimore. May, 1920. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

abuse of their liberal pass privileges, calling 
attention to several cases in which employes 
have lost their positions because of infrac- 
tions of the Interstate Commerce Commis- 
sion rulings governing the use of passes. 
The membership question was also consid- 
ered; the enormous growth of the Veterans' 
Association has made it necessary to devise 
a means for separating the organization into 
several classes, according to the length of 
service. It is expected that by September 
there will be 15,000 members of the Veterans' 

Grand Vice-President J. N. Garvey, of 
Wheeling, impressed upon the men the 
necessity of living strictly up to the con- 
tracts entered into by their employers and 
the officers of the brotherhoods. He pre- 
dicted also that the Veteran movement will 
shortly become a national organization, ex- 
tending from the Atlantic to the Pacific. 

President Bowers, of the Baltimore Asso- 
ciation, gave an inspirational talk, in which 
he asked that a stronger feeling of fellowship 
be manifested among the Veterans. He 
announced that a project is under way in 
Baltimore to hold a grand picnic of all the 
Baltimore and Ohio Veterans at Harpers 
Ferry, sometime during the summer. 

Other addresses were made by President 
Allison, of the Cumberland Division, who 
recited some famous railroad verses; G. A. 
Richardson, of Glenwood, and by John. L. 
Gans, a local guest of the occasion. All of 
these brought encouraging messages, look- 
ing to the progress of the Association. 

ANNAPOLIS, the quaint little Mary- 
land city on the Severn River, has 
been the scene of many fires. With 
its many little frame houses interspersed 
with those of crumbling brick and stone, it 
is remarkable that it still holds its own 
among the oldest cities of our country. But 
Providence seems to have blessed the place, 
and very few of its ancient buildings have 
been destroyed. At one time it was a com- 
mon occurrence for the inhabitants of 
Annapolis to be awakened in the middle of 
the night by the pealing of church bells and 
the sound of the siren whistle in the Navy 
Yard, which proclaimed that there was 
another fire and that those who valued their 
lives had best be in readiness to run in case 
the fire should get beyond control. Out on 
State House Hill they would gather to 
watch the flames — men, women, children; 
society damsels wearing their hair still in 
"frizzes," and students of Old St. John's 
who were still in their night clothes. 

On one of these memorable occasions 
when the Fire Department, which then con- 
sisted of one volunteer hook and ladder 
company, whose members drew the fire 
engines through the streets by means of a 

Wheeling Chapter 

' I H E Wheeling Division Veterans' Asso- 
ciation held its regulai April session at 
their hall in the McMcchen Bank Building. 

A considerable amount of business was 
transacted. The President and the Sec- 
retary were instructed to take up the ques- 
tion of organizing an Auxiliary to the Vet- 
erans' Association at this point, having the 
Auxiliary offices at Fairmont, W. Va. The 
immediate cooperation of all members in 
this project was requested. 

The report of the Treasurer, J. J. Cusack, 
shows a balance of $248.23, and applications 
for new membership are coming in at every 
meeting. Grand Vice-President J. M. 
Garvey, Sr., gave a fine practical talk, in 
which he outlined the aims and policy of 
the Veterans' Association. A very interest- 
ing letter from Brother G. W. Sturmer, 
Grand President, in which was set forth 
some of the plans of the Association, was read. 

Chairman Schultz, of the Ball Committee, 
made his final report, which showed the 
splendid sum of $125.00 realized. M. M. 
Conners was elected delegate, and J. J. 
Cusack as alternate, to attend the Baltimore 
convention in May. Several members 
spoke with gratification of the progress that 
the Association is making in a number of its 

Arthur Burton, former machinist at Ben- 
wood Shops, died at Waycross, Pa., on 
April 13. He was the father-in-law of 
Train Dispatcher H. G. Woodward of the 
Wheeling Division. 

long rope, had failed in its efforts, it became 
necessary to send to Baltimore for more 
apparatus. The man who was detailed to 
drive a special train loaded with the fire- 
fighting machinery was Engineer Ephraim 
F. Provance. He made a good job of it, 
finished the run of 39 miles in 39 minutes 
and saved Annapolis. Ephraim Provance 
is one of our Veterans of both the Railroad 
and the Civil War, and recently celebrated 
his eightieth birthday at his home in Balti- 

more. He has been retired for 1 1 years, 
but his activities from the time of his early 
childhood are fresh in the minds of all of the 
old railroaders. 

He has the interesting distinction of 
having served in both the infantry and the 
cavalry divisions of the Army of the Poto- 
mac. While in the infantry he fought in 
the Battle of Gettysburg, in which encoun- 
ter he captured his cousin "Dave" Provance, 
who had enlisted in the Confederate cause. 
Once, while serving in the cavalry and 
stationed at Hagerstown, he had gathered 
together a quantity of army clothing with 
the intention of shipping it to his home. 
He had packed it in a box and stored it in 
the old Thompson home, where the Balti- 
more and Ohio station now stands. But 
alas for his plans! Before he could get a 
chance to send his package, the , Confed- 
erates drove the cavalry out of Hagerstown, 
and Ephraim lost his treasure. 

At the time of his retirement in Septem- 
ber, 1909, Mr. Provance received a letter 
from the late President Oscar G. Murray, 
who congratulated him on his long service, 
which dated back to the end of the Civil War. 

He ran on what was known as the second 
division, between Martinsburg and Pied- 
mont, W. Va. During the whole time that 
he served the Baltimore and Ohio he ex- 
perienced but one wreck, and that was 
caused by a windstorm. 

An Old Freight Bill 

'"T^HE accompanying reproduction of re- 
ceipt to consignor for revenue received 
for freight transportation will interest many 
of our veteran readers, especially those who 
may have been employed in station service. 

Agent F. G. Hadley, at Mount Vernon, 
Ohio, writes us that the present charge for 
shipping 120 pounds from Sandusky to 
Mount Vernon would be 51 cents; since class 
of commodity is not shown on this, this 
charge represents the rate on first class basis. 
Mr. Hadley writes us further as follows: 

"The item of $1.98 evidently covers 
transportation charges up to Sandusky, 
although in the past the railroads did ad- 
vance charges other than for transportation; 
but this practice was discontinued a number 
of years ago." 

itlount Dftnon, t:i^/mZ.. '&>C.. f#g& f 

G€^.....C/.....uLfid) I 

" To Mansfield and Sandusky City Railroad Company, Dr. 

■For transportation 0/ Merchandise from . £^ky*^C.fy. . 


I 1 : 

\ I 

4 ^ 

i Received Payment, for the Compay, 

An OM Freight Bill 






' <7) 

Ephraim F. Provance— the Engineer 
Who Saved Annapolis 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Relief Department Saved 
• His Home 

McMechen, W. Va., March 4, 1920. 
Mr. W. J. Dudley, Superintendent, 
Relief Department, ' 

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. 
Dear Sir: 

We do not really know how to thank you 
and the Relief Department for the quick 
action you took in our behalf at the time 
when our home, or what we called home, 
was about to be sold. I tried all means to 
get financial support but failed, as at that 
time money was tight; the Fifth Liberty 
Loan was about to be floated and there was 
no money to be had. 

A friend of mine said, "Why don't you 
try the Relief Department?" So I did and 
the action which this department took was 
very helpful to us, and we would be very 
ungrateful to you and your department, 
and especially the building inspector for his 
good services, if I did not acknowledge this. 
I know, down deep in my heart, that the 
name Relief Department should be praised 
and well cherished by all who have dealings 
with it. It is the best friend I ever had; it 
built a home foundation for me, so strong 
that it would take great force to disrupt it. 
We thank you all for the consideration given 
us as strangers to your department and 
shall show our appreciation by our recom- 
mendation of it to others. 

* (Signed) 'Uriah M. Fitzpatrick, 

Duplicate of Express Receipts 

and after July 1, the Anglican Rail- 
way Express Company will keep a dup- 
licate copy of every receipt it issues when 
receiving business from shippers. The dupli- 
cates will be retained by the express com- 
pany for the purposes of record and refer- 
ence, and will be held at the shipping office. 

Shippers who have been accustomed to 
prepare their own receipt"- or who have 
their own forms have been requested to 
make provision for supplying duplicates of 
such receipts to the express driver or receiv- 
ing clerk who signs them. 

As a matter of convenience to shippers, 
the regular receipt forms of the express car- 
rier will be revised to permit their use in 
duplicate form. 

In cases where prepaid receipts arc now 
being issued in duplicate, the extra copy 
being used as a record of charges paid, a 
third copy will be required under the new 
system, and in such instances prepaid se- 
ccipts will be issued in triplicate. 

One of the objects of the new system is to 
bring about better protection for and meth- 
ods of recording the movement of express 
packages in transit. 

Cars Are Only Earning 

When Car Wheels Are Turning 

Baltimore Division 

On March 25, Engineer H. M. Fvans, in 
charge of helper engine 4523, while return- 
ing from Mt. Airy Junction to Reels Mill, 
discovered a pile of angle bars and scrap 
iron on eastbound track near Burgees 
Crossing, east of Ijamsville. He removed 
the obstructions from the track, preventing 
what might have been a serious derailment. 
Mr. Evans has been commended. 

Conductor G. H. Delashmuth, in charge 
of extra east, engine 4536, March 26, dis- 
covered a broken rail on eastbound siding 
at Reels Mill. He has been commended. 

On April 7, Agent L. E. Ogle, at Elkridgc, 
reported brake rigging down on Baltimore 
and Ohio 15447 in train of extra west, en- 
gine 4508. Conductor J. C. Dwycr with 
work train at Murray's siding also observed 
it and attracted attention of crew on extra 
west, engine 4508, who stopped their train. 
Defect was made safe. Agent Ogle and 
Conductor Dwyer have been commended. 

Commendatory notations have been 
placed on the records of Crossing Watchman 
H. Baumgart at Cowenton and Agent Miss 
M. Corbin at Loreley for their action in the 
case of broken arch bar under Baltimore and 
Ohio 225249 in train of extra east, engine 
4016, April 22. Mr. Baumgart noticed the 
defect and called Miss Corbin over the tele- 
phone at Loreley. Miss Corbin flagged the 
train and notified the Conductor. Exami- 
nation of the broken arch bar showed all new 
break. Their action removed the possi- 
bility of a derailment. 

Baltimore, Mb., April 29, 1920. 
Mr. H. Flattermash, Engineer, 
Care J. E. Sentman, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Dear Sir — It has been called to my atten- 
tion that on April 5 you were in charge of 
extra east engine 4518 and on entering the 
Susquehanna Bridge you noticed a car roof 
lying on the eastbound track and brought 
your train to a stop before running over it. 
With the assistance of the train crew you 
removed this obstruction. 

I wish to commend you for your alertness 
on this occasion as your action probably 
averted an accident. 

Very truly yours, 

(Signed) R. B. White, 

Baltimore Terminal Division 

At 9.07 p. m. on March 15, G. W. PiI>on, 
crossing watchman at Warner Street, Balti- 
more, heard a very loud noise in track at 
that point as Xo. 17 passed. Upon inves- 
tigation he found a piece of rail broken out 
of westbound track. His promptness in 
notifying Operator at Baileys Tower prob- 
ably prevented a serious accident. Proper 
commendatory notation has been placed 
on his record. 

G. T. car 12888 was recently seen by 
W. F. Potee, warehouse foreman. Tobacco 

Warehouse, with door open and one hogs- 
head of tobacco protruding. The moving 
of this car would possibly have caused a 
serious accident, but same was averted 
when Mr. Potee secured some help and put 
the hogshead back into the car and sealed it. 
An entry, suitable for the occasion, has been 
made on this gentleman's service record. 

On March 2, W. F. Berrett, track super- 
visor, while passing through Camden pas- 
senger shed, noticed vertical worn flange 
on passenger car 4083, and upon examining 
wheel found piece chipped out of inside oi 
flange, about 4 or 5 inches. Mr. Berrett 
notified Chief Car Inspector, who had coach 
set off and shopped. Mr. Berrett's eagle 
eye prevented possible derailment and 
proper entry has been made on his record. 

As extra 4521, west, passed North 
Avenue on March 23, George W. Fowler, 
operator at North Avenue Tower, observed 
brake rigging dragging under Grand Trunk 
car 61973. He took the necessary steps to 
have train stopped at Mt. Royal, where re- 
pairs were made, thus possibly preventing 
an accident. 

Cumberland Division 

At 12.50 p. m., March 31, while extra 
7132 east was passing Hutton Track, Fore- 
man I. Lambert observed broken wheel 
under Baltimore and Ohio 138 167. He 
got on caboose and notified Conductor who, 
upon examination, found it necessary to 
set car off at Hutton. Mr. Lambert is ex- 
ceptionally watchful for defective equip- 
ment or other irregularities, as was shown in 
a previous issue of the Magazine which con- 
tained reports of other similar observances 
to his credit, as well as his picture. 

During April operators on the division 
observed the following irregularities and 
exercised prompt action for correction: 



Wheels sliding 3 

Brake rigging down 1 

Hopper bottoms dov\- k 4 

Loose ladders 1 

Total 9 

Cumberland, Md., May 14, 1920. 
James Hines, 

Great Cacapon, W. Va. 
Dear Sir — I find that when Xo. 10 passed 
Great Cacapon on the morning of April 2y, 
you heard an unusual noise, made investi- 
gation and found a broken rail on No. 2 
track near Great Cacapon station. We are 
informed by Mr. Widrhyer, the Operator at 
the tower, that you reported the matter to 
him and that arrangements were made that 
enabled prompt repairs. 

I express my appreciation of your interest 
and watchfulness on our behaif and thank 
you for your action in the matter. 
Yours truly, 

(Signed) J. W. Deneen, 



Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Pittsburgh Division 

On the morning of May 14, at 6.10 a. m., 
while Sectionman William Winkler was on 
his way to work on Section 25 at Wildwood, 
Pa., he discovered a broke rail about 15 
rail lengths east of Bryant Station. He 
flagged the first freight train that came 
along and asked the engineer for switch key 
to open telephone box and put out a five 
mile an hour order. 

Monongah Division 

At 2.30 a. m. on February 5, No. 80, en- 
gine 4096, Conductor W. A. Coffman, was 
stopped on eastward main track west of 
" MID " Tower, Clarksburg Yard, on account 
of a rock fall on interlocking switches. 
Conductor Coffman made examination of 
switches and found that signal could be 
given to eastward trains out of "Block 
Track" while points of switch facing west 
stood about half open. Signal had already 
been given extra 1889, Conductor W. C. 
Cooper, light with caboose for movement 
from "Block Track" to eastward main 
track. Conductor Coffman immediately 
flagged extra 1889, which would have pos- 
sibly derailed caboose and engine. Merito- 
rious notation has been placed on the record 
of Conductor Coffman for his prompt 

Grafton, W. Va., April 27, 1920. 
J. J. Clausson, Operator, 

Lumberport, W. Va. 

Dear Sir — I have your note of the 26th in 
regard to your action in notifying conductor 
of train No. 71, engine 2640, of fire flying 
from top of wheel on Baltimore and Ohio 
144509 in his train and examination show- 
ing crosshead key had come out and car 
set off in No. 2 east siding. I certainly 
appreciate your interest in this matter and 
will submit item for a place on the Honor 
Roll in our Maga/ine. 

Yours truly, 
(Signed) C. W. Van Horn, 


The Baltimore and Ohio has many loyal 
men. On April 29, No. 38 with double 
header derailed trucks or tajnk of engine 
5122, three-quarters of a mile west of Ellen- 
boro, near the home of Conductor Charles 
H. Frederick. Mr. Frederick, hearing of the 
trouble, went to the derailment and ma- 
terially assisted in rerailing trucks. 

Newark Division 

On May 3, while third No. 70 was passing 
the shops at Zanesville, Coach Repairman 
W. A. Combs noticed a broken flange on 
U. P. 70916. Mr. Combs promptly notified 
the train crew and had car set off. Upon 
investigation it was found that 15 inches 
of flange was missing. This defect was 
detected just as car was approaching Zanes- 
ville Bridge across the Muskingum River. 
Mr. Combs is commended. 

Cleveland Division 

On April 24, as extra east engine 419 1, 
in charge of Conductor Mann and Engineer 
Brumback, was passing Dover, Yard Clerk 
T. B. Adams noticed brake beam down on 
second car from engine. He immediately 
took steps to notify crew, who had train 
stopped before any serious damage was 
done. He has been commended for his 
watchfulness. . 

On May 5, Conductor T. McDermott 
noticed brake beam down on third car from 
engine 4296, train No. 74, Lorain yard, and 
immediately notified Engineer, who had 
train stopped, thus eliminating a possible 
derailment. He has been commended. 

Mr. J. D. Drennan, 

Section Foreman, Section No. 29, 
Elyria, Ohio. 
Dear Sir — Understand that at 1.50 p. m., 
April 13, you noticed broken flange on 
westbound train, engine 4250, between 
Erhart and Lester, and notified the Con- 
ductor immediately, who had car set out 
at Erhart. No doubt your watchfulness 
in this case averted an accident, as there 
was 20 inches of flange gone on this car. 
Proper entry will be made on your record in 
this case. 

Very truly yours, 

(Signed) H. B. Green, 


South Chicago 

On April 26, Yard Brakeman Melvin 
Frame discovered four cars on three dif- 
ferent tracks on fire in west end of South 
Chicago yard. He immediately notified 
the Yardmaster and Conductor and they 
were able to save all but one car, an empty, 
which was completely destroyed. One of 
the three cars saved contained lumber, the 
loss of which would have been great but 
for the quick work of the men and the aid 
of the fire department. 

G. E. Baker, Operator, at "HK" Tower, 
observed a fire in train extra 4243, west, 
at that point and succeeded in stopping the 
train and having the fire extinguished. 

Ohio Division 

On April 18, engine 2041 was derailed at 
Guysville, by bent axle on tank of this en- 
gine. This condition was discovered by 
Brakeman E. R. Maple, who immediately 
reported it. In all probability this averted 
another derailment after leaving Guysville. 
He has been commended for close observ- 
ance and interest displayed. 

On April 26, Operator C. M. Scott at 
Sabina, noticed brake beam dragging in 
extra 2901 west. He immediately reported 
this to dispatcher and beam was removed 
at Wilmington. A few days previous to 
this Mr. Scott noticed a refrigerator car 
door standing open, which might have 
caused injury to crew or passengers on 
No. 32, due to meet this train at next sta- 
tion. He had train stopped and door 
closed. On several occasions Mr. Scott 
has made similar observations on different 
trains, and has taken immediate action in 
each case. He has been commended for 
his watchfulness and interest taken in Com- 
pany's welfare. 

On March 14 it came to the attention of 
Operator P. R. Sperry at Sabina, that rail 
was broken on Pennsylvania main track at 
Oakland Avenue, Washington Court House. 
He immediately notified dispatcher of 
Pennsylvania Lines, through operators at 
Newark and Zanesville, and later, fearing 
that Pennsylvania dispatcher would not 
receive the information, had clerk of the 
Pennsylvania office call dispatcher direct 
and talked to him personally. Superinten- 
dent of Pennsylvania Li nes i commenting 
upon this, said: "Mr. Sperry 's action was 
highly commendable, and I would appreciate 
it if you would convey to him my compli- 
ments and thanks on behalf of the Pennsyl- 
vania System." Entry has been made on 
record of Operator Sperry for his interest in 
safety of a neighbor line. 

Indiana Division 

On May 7, James Long, yard brakeman, 
North Vernon, noticed broken arch bar on 

W. T. L. 15574 > n extra 2026, which was 
pulling by him in North Vernon Yard. He 
immediately notified Conductor, train was 
stopped and car set out. The close atten- 
tion of Mr. Long to passing equipment, pos- 
sibly averted an accident, and appropriate 
entry will be made on his record. 

On April 9, Willard Campbell, trackman, 
North Vernon, was looking over extra 2776 
standing on main track at North Vernon, 
and noted that C. R. I. & P. 35454 was 
leaning considerably to one side. Closer 
observation and examination of car devel- 
oped that truck bolts were broken. He 
notified crew of extra 2776, which was in 
charge of Conductor O. E. Henderson, 
and train crew set car out at North Vernon 
for repairs. The interest manifested by 
Trackman Campbell is very commendable. 
Appropriate entry will be made on his serv- 
ice record. 

Toledo Division 

Operator B. J. Krebbs, Carlisle, noticed 
car with bent axle in train of extra 4044 
while passing his station. He had train 
stopped at Hamilton, where car was cut out. 
He is commended for this thoughtfulness 
and his quick action. 

Operator E. E. Shaffer, Erie Junction, no- 
ticed broken wheel on D. & H. 8933 in extra 
4138, north, while passing at speed of 
about 8 miles per hour and stopped train 
when wheel with about half the flange 
broken off dropped off rail. Mr. Shaffer's 
watchfulness and prompt action possibly 
prevented more serious accident. He has 
been commended. 

While extra 4556, north, was passing 
North Switch at Middletown, Foreman 
"Mike" Riccalo discovered broken arch bar 
on P. L. 93817. He was successful in at- 
tracting Conductor's attention and the car 
was set off at Carlisle Gravel Pit. Fore- 
man Ricallo's act in observing this dan- 
gerous condition possibly averted an acci- 
dent. He has been commended. 

We have two Crossing Watchmen at 
First Street, Dayton crossing gates, William 
Wilson and James Hart. From May, 19 19, 
until May, 1920, there was not an accident 
on this crossing, nor was there any damage 
done to the crossing gate. These men 
deserve credit for their faithful and careful 
work, and we take pleasure in compliment- 
ing them in order that all fellow workmen 
may know that their good work is appre- 

Salesman — Pardon me, lady, does Mr. 
Smith, the brakeman, live here? 

Lady — No. This is only his address. He 
lives on the road. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Baltimore and Ohio Building 

Offices of General Manager and Superin- 
tendent Motive Power 

Correspondent, G. F. ZIMMERMAN 

Miss H. G. Guilford was recently granted 
a leave of absence and we. have received 
several encouraging letters from her, ad- 
vising that she is improving gradually where 
she is staying, just outside of Cincinnati. 
Miss S. Lazarus is her substitute here. 

Charles O. Healy has also left us, having 
accepted a position as Secretary to Super- 
intendent Hoskins, Baltimore Terminal 
Division. Success tevhim! 

Spring Fever is here — the correspondent 
included. Soon our vacations will be at 
hand, the time of the year we all welcome. 
Dr. Craig, our Assistant File Clerk, says 
she enjoyed her trip to the West so much 
last year that she has already made plans 
for another trip this Summer, together with 
Miss Russell, file clerk in the Transpor- 
tation Department. 

Law Department 

Correspondent, George W. Hailenbeek 

It was Mrs. Virginia Walter, the stenog- 
rapher, to whom I made allusion in my last 
communication to the Magazine. Her 
work was most acceptable, and regret was 
expressed in the department that on account 
of sickness in her family she could not re- 
main with us. 

The retirement of Melville Gemmill from 
thi' Law Department, and his acceptance 
of a position in the Traffic Department, left 
our office in such a state that Edgar W. 
Young, our Chief Clerk, requested Mrs. 
Walter to return to the department to take 
Charles R. Webber's accumulated mail. 
Mrs. Walter responded promptly, and re- 
mained until the advent of Ronald Horsey, 
who became one of us on April 12: Mr. 
Horsey 's work has proved him to be the 
kind of worker that the Law Department 
wishes to retain. 

And now Charles Seip Stout has left us. 
He has gone up one flight of stairs to the 
fourth floor to act as Secretary to Freight 
Traffic Manager Colder Shumate. Mr. 

Stout came into the Law Department in 
1902, took up shorthand, mastered it, ap- 
plied himself, and soon became Secretary to 
R. Marsden Smith, general attorney. 

The place made vacant by Mr. Stout's 
retirement has been filled by Miss Loretta 
Schott. Her stenographic work is fully up 
to Law Department requirements. Miss 
Schott has been in the Baltimore and ( >hio 
service for about five years. She acted as 
Secretary to Mr. Bernstein, in charge of the 
Commercial Development Bureau, later en- 
tered the Federal Manager's office, and after 
that had a desk in the Safety and Welfare 

Junior Clerk William Bruce Berry 
declares that while the subject of overalls is 
so generally discussed, the following poem, 
clipped from an exchange, would be rel- 
ished by the readers of the Magazine. 

Tune, "Over There." 
' ' Overalls ! Overalls ! 
For the stouts, and the shorts, and the tails; 
Oh! we all can't tear 'em, 
We all can wear 'em 
In private homes and public halls. 

Overalls! Overalls! 
Worn at work, worn at night paying calls; 
Oh! we'll all look funny, but we'll all save 

And we won't take 'em off 'till the price of 
clothing falls. " 

Car Service Department 

Correspondent, Grace Placede Berghoif 

We were glad to see Eva Callis when she 
visited Baltimore for ten days after having 
spent six months in the Blue Ridge Moun- 
tains. She has fully recovered her health 
and expects to return to Baltimore, to re- 
main permanently, in the early Fall. 

On May 25, Katherine Warfield of this 
office, and Leo Mollov were married at St. 
William's Church, Ten Hills. Mr. Molloy, 
who is secretary to Mr. S. Davies Warfield, 
President of the Seaboard Air Line, is 'a 
former Baltimore and Ohio man. Mrs. 
Molloy entertained her friends of the Car 
Service Department early in May and a 
linen shower was given in her honor at the 
home of A'line McKnew. 

Our heartfelt sympathy is extended to 
Edith Burgess in the loss of her father on 
May 16. 

Margaret Windsor, after having under- 
gone an operation at University Hospital, 
lias returned to her duties. 

Florence L. Bargar and Myrtle Calder 
left us last month to become matrons. 
Our best wishes followed along with silver 

Lillian was busy figuring demurrage when 
the "Colonel" appeared in the vicinity of 
her desk to talk some real business concern- 
ing the Magazine. As he looked admir- 
ingly upon her, lie said sweetly and in an 
undertone, " I wish she would wear her hair 
parted in the middle instead of on the side." 

Inflated wages and inflated prices are 

The clerk who has never made a mistake 
is a fly-leaf between the Old and New Tes- 

A booster is all right, but a knocker hangs 
on the outside of a door. 

Office of General Freight Claim Agent 

Correspondent, Miss E. T. Murray 

On Wednesday morning, May 5, the stork 
visited the home of L. J. Sturn, of Suspense 
Division, leaving a 9-pound baby girl. 
Congratulations, L. J. 

" What do you mean by keeping me stand- 
ing on the corner like an idiot?" demanded 
an angry husband whose wife had kept him 
waiting to go shopping with her. "Now, 
really, dear," she replied sweetly, "I can't 
help the way you stand." 

The sudden death of Mr. Lozon on April 
16, cast a shadow of sadness over the whole 
off "e. He had been ill with diphtheria for 
oniv a week and his death was a shock to 

Mr. Lozon entered the services of the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company on 
October 1, 1913. At the time of his death 
he was an investigator in the Loss and 
Damage Division. 

The entire office expresses its heartfelt 
sympathy to his bereaved widow and 

The accompanying picture is of James 
D. Hagerty of the Suspense Division. 
"Jimmy," as he is known to the boysffcvas 
one of the members of the American Expe- 
ditionary Minstrel Troupe, which played 
before General Pershing and other Generals 
of the Allied Army and before thousands of 
soldiers in France during the World War. 
Before going to Europe he was the director 
of the annual minstrel show of the St. 
John's Athletic Association, and after three 
years of absence from that post on account 

James D. Hagerty 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

of his military duties, he has resumed his 
old job. He directed the "Old Towners" 
for the minstrel show which was given by 
them on Friday, May 8, at Lehmann Hall. 

We are glad to know that our friend and 
fellow clerk, J. A. Downey, of the O. S. & D. 
Division, who underwent an operation at 
Mercy Hospital is home again and steadily 
improving. Here's hoping he will fully 
recover soon and return to us again. 

Our old friend J. W. Schumacher, Inves- 
tigator of Perishables, has been promoted 
to Traveling Inspector of Perishable Freight. 
The Department now "knows him no more " 
because he is out on the line all the time. 
" J.W."has the fourth longest service record 
in our office, having entered the service on 
January 19, 1885, as Delivery Clerk. In 
the old days "Willie," as he was affection- 
ately called, knew it all, and when anybody 
wanted to find out anything about the "in- 
coming side" he had to come to "Willie" — 
and "Willie" set them straight. Now we 
call him "Bill," and we say "Good Luck, 

W. F. Braden, Safety representative, 
visited our office May 5, and gave a brief 
talk on the Cooperative Stores Association of 
the Baltimore and Ohio Employes. His pur- 
pose is to raise sufficient funds through the 
sale of stock to insure the prompt opening 
of the store in Baltimore. He outlined 
briefly and concisely the benefits we hope 
to derive therefrom and expects hearty sup- 
port from this department, in line with our 
previous high standing on the list of past 
affiliations with worthy causes. 

Mr. Braden also urged that we lend our 
generous assistance to the Baltimore and 
Ohio Young Men's Christian Association. 

"Tom" Littig, Suspense Division, has been 
granted a month's furlough account of ill 
health. Here's hoping we shall receive 
good news of a turn for the better and that 
he will soon be back on the "job." 

Keep the Ball Rolling 

The season is now on. Coach Heartt has 
called the team for work and has announced 
the following line up: Rover Bowhay, c. ; 
Garner, Love and Fink, p.; Taylor, 1st b.; 
Downey, 2d b.; Zenter, ss.; Littig, 3db.; 
Hilton, If.; Tyson, cf., and Schepler, rf., 
all of last year's team. Roden, Kenne and 
Shea are the reserve players. William 
Bittner will act as mascot. 

Already several challenges have been re- 
ceived, one from Baltimore Dry Docks, and 
another from Maplewood Athletic Club. 
Somebody is "laying down" on the job; 
a little "pep" should be injected into the 
team; then they can rest assured that the 
girls will do their share and root for the win- 


Many a person has dug his grave with his 

Discourtesy hurts the person who uses it 
more than the person at whom it is directed. 

One discourteous action over the tele- 
phone to a patron or a prospective patron 
does an injury to every man whose name is 
on the pay roll — and a place on the pay roll 
beats one in the bread line. 

It is not always what a man knows, it is 
what he does that counts. Opportunity 
plays no favorites. 

Chickens come home to roost : so do 
harsh words. 

Engineering Department 

Correspondent, Oswald Eden 

"Spike" Schanze was in an automobile(?) 
accident the other day, but luckily was un- 
injured. A friend of his, who had quite 
recently purchased a Ford machine, was 
bringing him down to the office. As they 
approached 'a certain street crossing they 
saw an electric car bearing down upon 
them, but alas! it was too late. The re- 
mainder of the story follows in his own 
words: "We saw that the car would hit 
us, so we just lifted our feet and the engine 
went under the seat. The "can" was a 
wreck. The only things that were not 
smashed were the wheels and a musical 
whistle on the rear mudguard. We waited 
awhile. Presently a coal wagon came 
along, shoveled the debris up and carried 
it to a garage, where we were offered as 
much as S125 for the remains." 

"They all flop sooner or later." It 
occurred Thursday, April 15, when Gasson 
M. Davis, of the Cost Department, took 
unto himself a wife. The girl in the case 
was Miss Ruth Virginia Peddicord of 
Laurel, Md. They were united by the 
Rev. Joseph A. Meyers, and the ceremony 
was performed in St. Mary's Catholic Par- 
sonage. On their heneymoon they visited 
New York and Atlantic City, after which 
they returned to Elkridge, Md., where they 
will make their home. 

A. A. Jackson, assistant engineer in the 
Cost Department, recently resigned to ac- 
cept a position with the Federal Railroad 
Administration at Washington, D. C. 

The engineers in Mr. Milburn's office are 
very particular about their appearance now 
that a new lady "stenog" has arrived. 

"Joe" Kemp has composed a new piece 
to play on his fiddle. It is entitled "Only a 
C. O. D." and is dedicated to his friend 
" Spike " Schanze. 

MissGeorgie P. Simpson, file clerk to En- 
gineer of Buildings, left us May 1 , and is 
now working for the M. A. Long Company, 
contractors. Her place was filled by Miss 
Anna May Lavak. 

Beal Helm, draftsman in the Office En- 
gineer's Department, was recently trans- 
ferred to the Valuation Department. 
"Ted" Ziegfeld, another draftsman, was 
granted a leave of absence on account of his 

"Jits" Fleagle came into the office the 
other morning holding a pasteboard box, 
which was about six inches square and four 
inches deep. There were several small h< >lcs 
in the top, and when you peeped in, you re- 
ceived an icy stare from several large eyes 
within. Upon closer observation, we found 
that he was transporting some live stock to 
the slaughter house. But, we didn't know 
that "Jits" was French. 

Miss Landsdowne, a tracer in the Office 
Engineer's Department, was confined to 
her home for a few weeks with a severe at- 
tack of bronchitis. We are glad to see that 
she weathered the storm and is now back on 
the job. 

"Alvie" Weston has entered the poultry 
business. As he tells us, he has twenty- 
three of the dearest, fluffiest, fattest, most 
innocent little "peeps" you ever saw. 
Nine of them were hatched in an incubator, 
the other fourteen by the more ancient 
method. We feel that he may be justly 
proud of this, his latest achievement. 

Now that "Ted" Ziegfeld is away on 
leave there is no one to look after the win- 

W. H. Collings, formerly clerk to the Sig- 
nal Supervisor, is now in the Cost Depart- 
ment. C. M. Whittaker, who was with the 
Treasury Department in Washington, D. Cl 
is also on the Cost Engineer's force. 

Printing Department 

Correspondent, M. J. Conroy 

I know there will be some Magazine 
readers who will be envious of us when we 
tell them that we had the great pleasure of 
a visit recently from our new Associate 
Editor, Miss Stevens. It will probably 
also be disappointing to many to know 
that she looks very much unlike a poet — 
just a plain, smiling, joyous and gracious 

We record with great pleasure the honor 
that has come to one of our compositors, 
William Groves, in being chosen an Elder 
in his church. It is quite a compliment to 
the craft that one of its members should be 
found to possess the necessary qualifications 
to entitle him to a seat amongst the elect. 
It is an accepted fact that once a man 
selects the printer's trade as an occupation 
he is foredoomed, along with proofreaders, 
editors (associate editors excepted) and 
notaries public, to wander in the opposite 
direction from which the heavenly choir is 
enthroned. All who know "Bill" can 
vouch for his sincerity and honesty and 
his willingness to observe the golden rule, 
" Do unto others as you would be done by." 

Eugene Washington Weems, our young 
colorQd factotum and "hocus-pocus," 
(mostly "hocus-pocus") has a roving com- 
mission to execute orders for the men at 
lunch time and he very carefully and labori- 
ously writes out the various items he has to 
purchase. I thought I would take a 
"peek" at his list one day just to see how 
he worked his system. Here is what I 

1 — Beloney 1 5 — R 

2 — Hot weaneys 20 — H 

1 — Rizen cak 10 — P 

1 — Botle mulk ....... 10 — C 

1 — Apul pye 10 — W 

William Norman Keller, Jr. 
Two Year Old Son of William Norman Keller, 
Printing Department 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


The accompanying picture is of the pride 
and joy of Mr. and Mrs. Norman Keller. 

' The little fellow, though only 2 years old, 
can always find something for his busy 
hands to do. "Daddy" is one of our key- 

! board operators. 

We have recently had two new additions 
to our keyboard force, Messrs. Roseoe Hall 
and Charles H. Ogle. Mr. Hall is full of 
speed and Mr. Ogle is full of the fire of 
; youth, being the youngest of our keyboard 
: staff. Let us hope they will decide to stick 
around long enough to get acquainted. 

We held an election in May for Inter- 

, national officers and also for local officers of 
the Typographical Union, of which the 36 
men of this chapel are members. 

Most all of the men here became converts 

1 and ardent supporters of the Progressive 

1 ticket and the results showed a clean sweep 
for that ticket in this chapel. Nicholas 
Hucke, chairman of our chapel, had every- 
thing arranged in splendid shape and the 

' election was carried out according to pro- 
gram, the voting being done before com- 
mencing work in the morning and during 

I lunch time. 

The judges of election were three of our 
veteran compositors, Messrs. Harry Reay, 
William Groves and George Yeager, which 
again proves that character and ability will 

j win every time. Mr. Reay is a leader in 
the Bible class in his church and Mr. Grow s 

I was recently honored by being made an 
Elder, while Mr. Yeager represents the 
liberal or wet wing of the chapel. 

This reminds me that one summer in the 
happy days that are now but bitter-sweet 
memories, George and I spent a delightful 
1 afternoon on board Oscar Sherman's yacht 
and we anchored at a shady spot well- 
known to the bibuli of those days and had 
several oottlcs of cold Pilsner and the best 
soft crabs that it has ever been our good 
fortune to eat. George says every time he 
thinks of that afternoon he feels like shout- 
ing " Halleluiah ! " It'.lakes a lot of courage 
to smile sometimes, but when we think of 
that trip and the sight of "Ots" pulling 
the oars, with the thermometer up around 
ioo°, George still beams, and wonders if 
the time will ever come when it will be a 
crime to allow cock-tails to grow on farmers' 
roosters ! 

Telegraph Department 

Correspondent, Della M. Hain 

We arc sorry to report the death of Mrs. 
G. D. Ward, wife of the Assistant Manager, 
Baltimore Relay Telegraph office. The 
grim reaper has also claimed Miss Jessie 
Day, sister of E. W. Day, Assistant Super- 
intendent Telegraph. The bereaved have 
the sympathy of the entire department. 

Remember that when your 'phone rings 
there is someone at the other end of the line 
who wants to talk to you. Don't keep this 
party waiting; answer promptly and avoid 
the necessity of the telephone operator ring- 
ing longer than necessary. 

Did you ever see Cupid driving a car? 
That is just what happened when "Ed" 
Wyant, wire chief, rushed to Ellicott City 
and took unto himself a wife. This mixes 
up family relations a little at the telegraph 
office, as the new Mrs. Wyant is an aunt to 
Pauline Flayhart, which automatically 
makes Mr. Wyant Pauline's uncle. But 
somehow Pauline finds it funnv to call the 
Wire Chief "Uncle Ed." 

William C. Donnelly, supervisor time serv- 
ice, has left again on business on Balti- 
more and Ohio Lines West. He didn't 
admit it, but we all know he has gone in 

search of that old gum shoe he lost in Cleve- 

This office was recently the focus of a con- 
ference of tlie following Western Union offi- 
cials: E. P. Totman, district plant super- 
intendent, Philadelphia, Pa., and E. P. 
Murphy, his Chief Clerk, W. W. Olheiser, 
district plant superintendent, Pittsburgh, 
Pa., and E. J. Colwell, district foreman. 

Some of our linemen located at 213 West 
Camden Street haw commented because of 
not seeing their names under the notes of 
this department. Send in your news to the 
Correspondent and see what happens. A 
word to the wise is sufficient. 

It is suggested that certain members of 
this department consult Mr. Donnelly, 
supervisor of time Service, before visiting 
New York; it is rumored that they (we 
mention no names) recently paid real money 
to see a good show on Broadway and missed 
the first act on account of the "Daylight 
Saving" time. Some people will never get 
out of the "Rube" class. How about it, 
Uncle Frank? 

Valuation Department 

Correspondent, G. B. Salmenig, Accountanl 

Baltimore Office 

New faces constantly appear. Now we 
have with us Miss X. E. Shaefer, clerk to 
Chief Draftsman; Miss E. H. McMann, 
clerk, office of Equipment Pilot; F. E. 
Wiles and H. C. Dews, accountants, office 
of Cost Engineer; Gilbert Murphy, mes- 
senger. To these we extend a most hearty 

Speaking of competition, no one doubts 
the accuracy and speed of the various cal- 
culating machines in the office, but it seems 
that the one with the most admirers should 
be the best. A question arises: Is it the 
machine or is it the operator we admire? 

We mourn the loss of our youthful 
"Caruso," now connected with office of 
C. F. Bennett. Our best wishes go with 

Miss Tucker, clerk to Equipment Pilot, 
was away from the office for sometime 
account of sickness. She is with us again 
and appers very happy. Why? 

Miss Cregor, of Chief Draftsman's force, 
has just returned from a visit to her home in 
Springfield, Ky. 

P. Gallimard, who until a short time ago 
was associated with Bridge Pilot, has left 
for France, where he will act as administra- 
tor for a large estate. In case the funds are 
distributed according to his directions, will 
we be remembered? 

Our sympathy is extended to Miss 
Graham, clerk to Assistant Engineer Duncan, 
in the loss of her father. 

Why not appoint a Ventilation Com- 
mittee, as well as a Valuation Committee? 
We all know that fresh air is essential to 
health and that health is the chief asset to 
efficiency. Where have the ventilators 
gone? Have they been taken home? The 
majority, I believe, want fresh air all the 
time and it should be the rule of the office 
the same as being on time, etc. 

When is Pay Day? This is the most im- 
portant question and one that no one can 
answer. Who is to be the next President 
does not alarm us, as much as when the 
Ghost walks. 

The stork begs to announce the following 
arrivals: Doris Elizabeth Miller, daughter 
of Assistant Chief Draftsman; June Vir- 


ginia Bratt, daughter of Wallace Bratt, 
Draftsman; A. H. Hendrickson, Jr., son of 
Topographer Hendrickson. 

Pittsburgh Office 

During the recent strike trouble, those 
connected with Pilot Engineer's office at 
Pittsburgh volunteered for train service and 
between April 13 and 24 the entire force, 
consisting of eleven men, was called into 
active service as firemen, brakemen, flag- 
men and baggagemasters. This is 100 per 
cent, loyalty. 

Wheeling Office 

C. T. Duffield, rodman, sprang a pleasant 
surprise when he made known the fact that 
he had been a married man since July, 1919. 
This announcement was made when he re- 
quested leave to take his belated honey ram >n 
(luring the first part of April. Mrs. Duffield 
had quite an extensive honeymoon with 
"Duff" in "No Man's Land" of West 

F. X. Peterson, transitman, recently 
transferred to the Wheeling office, caanot 
stand the monotony of male company any 
longer, or does not fancy the company of the 
Wheeling girls, as he has decided to become 
a benedict. He left on his honeymoon 
May 17 and took his bride to the Wheeling 
metropolis with him. 

H. J. Campbell, assistant pilot engineer, 
resigned from the service on April 30 to 
accept a position w?t«£ » local engineering 
concern. We all regret'his leav ing and wish 
him success in his new undertaking. G. F. 
Clark, from the Baltimore office, has been 
promoted to position of Assistant Pilot as 
of May 1. 

Cincinnati Office 

Have you seen our Bonney boy from 

One man out here surely is Noble; then 
there is one just like Stone. 

Some of the Valuation men seem to think 
that freight ears should lie handled on boats 
in the Brighton Yards. This idea is caused 
by the incessant rains during the time they 
assisted in switching recently. 

Chicago Office 

H. E. Gregory, abstractor, lost a bet this 
month. He had to treat the office to cigars 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

and candy. Now he carries his lunch with 
him. Her name is "Lois Jane" and weighs 
~ l A pounds. Too bad, Harry, we're sorry it 
couldn't be Joseph. 

Those who know "Ossie" Norman (cele- 
brated transitman in our midst) have won- 
dered if by some chance he fell when quite 
young and hurt his head. Let me put you 
straight : he fell about a year and a half ago, 
when he promised to "love, cherish, honor 
and protect" and he's never been quite 
right since. He has our sympathy for a 
speedy recovery to good common sense. 

Attention of all Offices 

Several WEEKES ago, PRYOR to 
Easter, the following incident took place on 
Train No. 5 and is vouched for bv the Pull- 
man PORTER. 

It was a WHITE SUNDE and the train 
was in the midst of a STORM. As it pulled 
out of RICHMOND, a wealthy BREWER, 
with MOORE money than brains, entered 
the Pullman, accompanied bv a KYDD, 
carrying several BAGGS of ARMOUR'S 
fertilizer. The BRATT'S name was 
MICKEY and he was too SMART for his 
age. He reminded one -of a female fox 
TERRIER trying to BARKER head off. 

The BREWER was sleepy, being FUL- 
LER of LAGER than ever before. As his 
berth was not ready, he started a RAU and 
went KLIER out of his head. He pulled 
the wrong BELL, which stopped the train 
suddenly, causing a shower of hot COLES 
and a large STONE to come through 
the window. This made, the BREWER 
GREEN in the face and he looked like a 
FABER pencil that had been sharpened by 
a BUTCHER. His talk sounded like 
COHAN on the telephone and he wanted to 
BOYCOTT everybody on the train. In the 
midst of the excitement, in walked BRYAN 
and WILSON, the latter closely followed by 

Even the COOK from the Diner started 
to SMYRK. In the next seat a TAYLOR 
and a BAKER started to fight and wanted 
JUSTICE. The KYDD by this time started 
to tell of his past life. 

When quite young, he traveled with 
Sophie TUCKER, Fannie BRICE and the 
WATSON sisters, demonstrating "There's 
a Service STARR in our window." 

At ten years of age, he drove a CRAW- 
FORD car from COURTLANDT Street to 
JONES Falls and thence to GEORGE Street 
in five minutes. 

When only 12, he sold WILBUR'S Buds, 
CARTER'S" LITTLE Liver Pills and 
WELCH'S Grape Juice, trying to make his 

He mentioned his NOBLE sister, who has 
studied the McKEE system of shorthand 
and operated an OLIVER typewriter. She 
a PIERCE-Arrow car, which she had bought 
at a big PRICE, but one day while trying 
to TURNER around, in order to get past 
an old FORD, her little brother very nearly 
knpcked her BLOCK off. This made the 
KYDD laugh and he told her to buy a 
CAMPBELL next time. To keep him 
quiet she gave him two NICHOLS to 
WARNE him. 

Auditor Merchandise Receipts 

Correspondent, P. H. Starklauf 

A dollar spent in railroad transportation 
today has greater purchasing power than 
any other money. Think it over. 

Culminating in a romance started in the 
Interline Settlement Division of this office 
several years ago, Miss Alice M. Gill was 
married 'to R. J. "Drechslcr on April 28, 
Rev. Father Callahan at St. Cecilia's 
Church, Walbrook, officiating. A brother 

of the bride and sister of the groom acted 
as best man and bridesmaid, respectively. 
After a wedding breakfast at the home of 
the bride, the newlyweds left for a trip to 
Niagara Falls. 

Here's another! W. S. Donaldson, Inter- 
line Settlement, to Miss Mildred Carpenter, 
on April 5, by Rev. Father O'Conner, St. 
Luke's P. E. .Church. Best wishes. 

The duties of the Interline Chief Clerk 
periodically compel his presence on the out- 
side, and in order to economize on stationery 
(spirit of the times) he was presented with 
a leather brief case by the Assistant Head 

The Librarian, who is ever solicitous of 
our welfare as readers, surely deserves our 
attention when it comes to doing little 
things to prolong the life of books, such as a 
new paper cover now and then or a daub of 
glue here and there. It creates a more fav- 
orable impression on the next reader who 
gets the repaired book. 

The usual fraternal spirit prevalent here 
was again demonstrated when fruit, etc., 
was tendered our boys who were so unfor- 
tunate as to have been seriously ill recently. 
Those so afflicted were: J. B. Massicott, 
S. T. Newton and G. S. Moore. 

Our sympathies go out to fellow clerk 
James Scharf because of the death of his 

When two young ladies of our Revision 
Division tell us they are going to visit rela- 
tives of one of them at Blanchester, Ohio, 
and then go and spend most of their time 
in Cincinnati, its nigh time to be observing. 
The Weller-Gustin twins know all about it. 

There was quite a little excitement among 
the boys at Mt. Royal the other morning 
when Miss Michel assumed duties as 
stenographer in the Correspondence Bu- 

A singular thought struck me the other 
day when one of the wounded overseas boys 
from the Base Hospital at Fort McHenry, 
entering a local theatre on a complimentary 
ticket, paid war tax. After being maimed, 
probably for life, for the sake of Democracy, 
why should a wounded soldier pay war tax? 
Why pay any bill twice, when you have the 
first one receipted? 

Manager Everhart's dance came off 
splendidly on the evening of April 15 at 
the Automobile Hall. It was just the kind 
of an evening to have a dance; the music- 
was fine and pretty girls were very much in 
evidence. Everyone seemed to have a good 

For the sake of unity and harmony, the 
three baseball teams have picked their best 
players and formed one strong team under 
the direction of Mr. Everhart, who has 
entered his team in the System League. 
With the lineup as promising as it seems to 
be, success is probable. Dates have been 
secured with several teams in Washington, 
D. C, Connellsville, Pa., New York, N. Y., 
Philadelphia, Pa., York, Pa., Savage, Md., 
and Cumberland, Md. New uniforms were 
ready on May 15, the gift of a friend. The 
Club is out to win, and their aggressiveness 
is evident. Several changes have again 
affected the organization. Success to them. 

Auditor Miscellaneous Accounts 

Correspondent, Mary E. Pearrell 

Mr. Stork paid a week-end visit to the 
home of Mr. and Mrs. George Fromtling on 
April 16 and left a baby girl. Mr. Fromtling 
is surely a proud daddy and we feel sure that 
the baby will be just as proud of him when 
she grows up. Congratulations, George! 

We wish to welcome into our midst Miss 
Estelle Bankard, who is acting as General 
Stenographer in the office. Miss Bankard 
first made her appearance on April 5, and 
has not yet become thoroughly acquainted 
with the entire force. She has been accused 
of having "Vampy Eyes," so you married 
men and bachelors had better take a little 
advice and "steer clear." 

It has been rumored that Mr. Homrig- 
hausen is giving instructions in regard to 
growing mustaches. Air. Homrighausen 
himself has a very poor specimen of one, 
but maybe he didn't follow the instructions 
carefully enough. Anyway he is not really 
guaranteeing results. Better start a new 
one, Mr. Homrighausen. 

Miss Hazel Shipley has again resumed her 
duties as Clerk under supervision of B. A. 
Lippert, after having been confined to her 
home for two weeks with a bad case of 
measles. We are glad to see you back 
again, Miss Shipley. 

The old saying, "early to bed and early to 
rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and 
wise," applies in other ways as well. Our 
Chief Clerk is retiring early and rising early 
with the hopes of downing the H. C. L. 
From what we can learn he is very much 
interested in his garden. Best of luck to 

Auditor Passenger Receipts 

Correspondent, George Eichner 

"Base-ballitis" has gripped the fair sex. 
Their interest was manifested when they 
presented a large and beautiful pennant, 
suitably inscribed, through L. M. Grice, 
Assistant Auditor, to our manager, J. M. 
Finn. Much is expected of the team, es- 
pecially when the fanettes throng the lines. 

Misses Luttman and McCubbin are 
wielding the racquet in great style and 
threaten to make Snyder and Machin go at 
top speed for tennis honors of this office. 

The A. P. R. Welfare Association dance 
of April 30 was quite a success. Our office 
committee lived up to expectations in fur- 
nishing merriment galore. 

Much has been heard of Frank Lucian 
Snyder, alias "Snitz, " alias " Pollyanna, " 
concerning his ability as a racquet wielder. 
He recently stated that he holds no fears 
from "Williams," alias "Bob Machin." 
Naturally all are anxious to see the pair 
matched. "Snitz" believes in advertising, 
hence the cartoon. 

"Snitz" Tuning Up 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Led by the honorable Albert Hiltz, a 
mourners' brigade has been formed, com- 
posed of Messrs. Cook, King, Lewis, Mew- 
shavv, Plunkett, Patterson, and Schwatka. 
They are ready for bookings anywhere and 
anytime. Rates reasonable. 

New York Terminals 

Correspondent, Sarah Rolmes 

Because of pressure of work, John Duffy, 
our former correspondent, has been re- 
lieved of this assignment. He was one of 
the best correspondents we've ever had. 
We are sorry to lose him as our correspon- 
dent, and trust that should his duties at 
some future time permit, he will again 
serve us in this capacity. 

It is rumored that Patrick Sullivan, 
clerk, is engaged to a pretty blonde, also 
employed at Pier 22 and who resides at 
Coney Island. At last the mystery is 
solved as to why "Patty" takes the Coney 
Island boat on Saturday nights. This 
gentleman came out number one in both 
the physical and mental tests for the 
Police Department. 

"Speed King" Patty, Mail Department, 
so named because of his lightning speed in 
doing his routes, seems to jump at the 
chance to look up something in the record 
room for Kathlyn, our new File Clerk. 
This despite the fact that everything in 
there is piled high with dust. Oh, well, 
"there's a reason." 

We have with us in the Cashier's Depart- 
ment, E. J. Levy, ex-member of the New 
York Consolidated Stock Exchange. Mr. 
Levey must be competing with "Bob" Hil- 
liard in his dressing, for he is never seen 
without his "spats" and the rest of such 

F. W. Garlichs is contemplating a 
delayed honeymoon t"6 Denver, Colo., for 
he has asked for a 60 day furlough. His 
request for transportation also included a 
Pullman. Some class to the fellow! 

F. O. McArdle, payroll clerk, has left the 
service to become connected with the 
International Mercantile Marine. As May 
Tobin, who also resigned a few months 
ago, is stenographer there — just put two 
and two together. 

Everyone will be glad to hear that Betty 
Loughlin and "Tom" Duffy, both former 
employes of Pier 22, have taken the vow 
"For better, for worse." 

Miss Harriett Shirley, who wears a 
Tiffany sparkler on the proper digit, was 
caught counting her fingers in this manner: 
" May-June-July- August-September, 1-2-3- 
4-5." Why not ask your Ouija Board, 

Mrs. Miller, stenographer, has returned 
after a two-weeks' illness, caused by a 
nervous breakdown. Glad to see her on 
the job again. 

"Nat" Fowler, who recently recovered 
from a long spell of illness, has resumed, 
with his duties, his old chirpy ways. "Nat" 
is a regular Romeo among the ladies, yet 
unlike the Shakespearian hero, he does not 
concentrate on any central object. 

Michael J. Sullivan, stenographer, and a 
crackerjack at that, is now connected with 
W. P. Tanner-Gross & Co., as is R. M. 
Frey, our old-time Traveling Claim Agent. 

Did you know that we have a real, live 
hero in our office? Yes, and he's "Jim" 
Bradley, in the Mail Department. A short 

time ago he stopped a runaway horse on 
that most crowded of thoroughfares, Broad- 
way, and received $5.00 for his bravery, 
Then what does he do with the five bucks but 
blow them in on getting each boy in his 
department a pound box of candy. 

The "Spotlight" on Our Men 

F. W. G. has a baby face, but will- you tell 
me why 

C. F. S., our sweet Bill Clerk, should make 
him heave a sigh ? 

A. H. B. is a talker sure, but how sarcastic, 

V. R. C, nice as can be, will fix things up 
for you. 

J. F. W., slow but sure, will manage to get 

J. J. D.'s ambition's high and as deep as his 
red hair. 

C. J. S., no shining star, but dances like a 

I. C.'s a fiddler grand, who also loves pink- 

J. L. likes girlies, too; he's such a ladies' 
man ; 

M. K. M. doth follow on, and shouts 
whene'er he can. 

B. V. J. would be 0. K., with his temper in 
control ; 

J. A. C. our friend is he, a thoughtful, 
willing soul. 

D. A. H. would make a handsome hero of 
the movie screen, 

T. B.'s a reg'lar Vamp, the worst we've 
ever seen. 

A. J. M.'s a pleasant chap, and happy, as 
you know; 

W. T. E., so good is he, we'll give him our 
first row. 

C. H. W., "Our Gentleman," as you will 
all agree; 

J. W. O. will always wear a smile for you 
and me. 

C. R. is meek and gentle, he's just a little 

F. R. D., gay as can be, and full o' joy and 

W. J. L., is quite obliging, though he may 

be somewhat shy, 
P. J. O'C, is modest, too, and O, we wonder 

why ! 

F. W. N., although the last, is not the least, 
by far; 

If bosses went upon the stage, he'd be their 
leading star. 

Staten Island Lines 

Correspondent, G. F. Goolic 

W. H. Hill, clerk in Division Accountant's 
office, has been promoted to Assistant Con- 
ducting Transportation Timekeeper, vice 
R. Tilson, resigned. 

W. S. Ycrks, paymaster, 295 Broadway, 
has resigned to work the trucking business 
for himself. The boys all wish him the best 
of luck. 

J. V. Costello, clerk to Trainmaster, has 
been promoted to Assistant Chief Clerk to 
Superintendent, vice J. DeLaPena, resigned. 

I. Houseman has been promoted to Clerk 
to Trainmaster, vice J. V. Costello, pro- 
moted. "Ike," why don't you get the 5.43 
any more? Kept busy? Don't let the job 
get the best of you! 

J. Goodsky has been employed as Stenog- 
rapher to Trainmaster, vice I. Houseman, 

Cars Are Only Earning 

When the Wheels Are Turning 

Standard track over A. K. Bridge, which runs 
from Staten Island to New Jersey 

Baltimore Terminal Division 

Correspondent, F. H. Carter, Secretary 
to Assistant Superintendent 

"Tommy" Perkier, who has been with 
us for quite a while as Secretary to the 
Superintendent, has accepted same position 
with the Division Freight Agent. F. H. 
Carter succeeds Mr. Ferkler. Both have 
our best wishes for success. 

i. delightful evening was spent Friday, 
May 14, by your correspondent at the resi- 
dence of F. W. Melis, chief export clerk at 
Locust Point, who with his wife and friends 
were celebrating the twenty-fifth anniver- 
sary of their wedding. His good wife and 
charming daughter put forth every exertion 
to please and entertain the many friends 
who called, and to say they succeeded in 
their efforts would be putting it mildly. 

This was the silver wedding anniversary 
of Mr. and Mrs. Melis and they received 
quite a number of handsome tokens oi 
remembrance and friendship. 

May they live to celebrate their golden 
wedding and may your correspondent be 
one of the invited guests, is his sincere wish. 

As they travel down life's pathway, 
Lovers always as of yore, 

May the good Lord in his mercy 

Guide them safe to that Bright Shore. 
J. Ross Gould, Accountant. 

Agent's Office, Camden 

Correspondent, W. H. Bull 

John F. Fosbrink, chief abstract clerk, 
was recently appointed Agent at Cam]) 
Meade. While we regret the loss of Mr. 
Frosbrink's services, we are quite happy in 
his appointment, won by his high standard 
of loyalty to the Company. 

Entering the services of the Company on 
December 3, 1906, as a messenger at Mt. 
Clare, Mr. Fosbrink was steadily promoti d 
until he became Abstract Clerk at Camden 

On May 29, 191 8, he entered the Army 
at Camp Meade and went overseas with the 
313th Infantry, participating in all the 
battles in which this famous regiment took 

He re-entered the service of the Company 
immediately upon his discharge from the 
army on June 6, 1919. As Chief Clerk of 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Chambers', Cole and Fosbrink— in order 
and — smiling 

Overheard in Rate Department 

L. E. L.: Oh me! oh my! 
F. W. H.: Waiting for Saturday at race 

S. G . H . : Good garsh ! too much work ! 

E. H. F.: My, my, more correspondence! 

J. R. L.: Gee willikens! nothin' doin'! 

N. A. H.: Oh, I'm so tired ! 

E. E..C.: Gotta dig up the garden tonight. 

N.R.: Never talks. 

H. B.: Longing for noon. 

Mount Clare Shops 

Correspondent, Miss Mollie Ai.brecht 
Secretary to Superintendent 

Your correspondent recently heard some 
very complimentary remarks about the serv- 
ice rendered by the Baltimore and Ohio to 
its patrons on passenger trains and praise of 
our conductors and trainmen for their cour- 
teous treatment of patrons. This was from 
a territory not directly served by the Balti- 
more and Ohio and your correspondent was 
pleased in hearing it, as on former visits if 
one contemplated making a trip East, it was 
via so-and-so line. Now they leave this line 
to ride over "Our Line." The pleased atti- 
tude assumed by passengers was also notice- 
able on the trip home (Baltimore) on one of 
our through night trains. So, let your slo- 
gan be, "It pays to be courteous." 

the Inbound Manifest Department he leaves 
with the best wishes of all at Camden 
Station for his continued success at Camp 
Meade. Upon his departure on April 16 
he was presented with a handsome ring by 
the members of his department. Frank 
Chambers made the following presentation 

"Fellow members of the Inbound Mani- 
fest Department and others: We are as- 
sembled here today to do honor to our 
mutual friend and co-worker, John G. 
Fosbrink. During the several years that 
we have been together we have formed a 
great admiration for Mr. Fosbrink. He 
has performed his duties in a manner cred- 
itable to himself, and in such a way as to set 
an example to the rest of us. His unselfish 
loyalty to the Company should furnish 
stimulus to those of us who may be lagging. 
It is natural that suh devotion should note 
go unrewarded. Therefore, it is with a 
degree of pleasure that we are informed of 
his appointment to the position of Agent 
at Camp Meade. We feel that this promo- 
tion is but a step in the ladder of success. 
We are naturally saddened at his going, 
but extend our best wishes for his con- 
tinued advancement and good health." 

The accompanying photograph is of Mr. 
Fosbrink (right) and two of his former 
fellow-workers, Frank Chambers (left) and 
James Co'e (center). 

Bur wMnr CRf?es nLBntfi 

T«fy'u ma «1E 
, AFTE« A «»»* 

PORE Blteo GuEKNity~Clv£S 

Bl<rrER otuv - 

Sovf Cow! 

Speeo ffscowu or CO ai/isj 

/fee ■ neeA 

Mt. Clare cartoons the marriage of Albert De Baugh and Miss Bessie May Tapscott during early May 

Melvin S.,age 3, Thomas J., age 4, sons of M. L.White, 
Accounting Department, Camden Station 

Baltimore Division 

Correspondent, W. H. Takr, Superinten- 
dent's Office, Camden Station 

Assistant Correspondents 
H. A. Dietz 

Shop Clerk. East Side Shops. Philadelphia 
C. W. Hamilton . Clerk. Freight Office. Wilmington 
(Joint Philadelphia 4 Reading and Baltimore & Ohio) 

V. J. Hl'EGLE Cash Clerk. Pier 22, Philadelphia 

E. A. Duffy. . . Clerk to Freight Trainmaster. 

Camden Station, Baltimore 
N. E. Reese Passenger Conductor, West End. 

Camden Station 

H. H. Raymond 

Conductor, East Side Yard. Philadelphia 
Miss Ethel E. Stkkle\ 

Clerk, Transfer Shed. Brunswick 

R. E. Sigafoose 

Shop Clerk. Brunswick Shops. Brunswick 
W. S. Wilde. . Chief Clerk to Terminal Train- 
master. Philadelphia 
E. H. ZlEGLER Special Representative. Freight 

Office. Hagerstown 

S. R. Bosley Clerk to Road Foreman of 

Engines. Riverside 

The joint agency at Camp Meade has been 
dissolved and F. J. Fosbrink has been ap- 
pointed Agent for the Baltimore and Ohio; 
the joint agency at Benning has been dis- 
solved, and D. L. Sclke appointed Agent. 

C. M. Phipps, motive power labor dis- 
tributor, Division Accountant's office, had 
the honor of being the first to enter upon the 
scene with a straw hat of the 1920 model. 
We were told "Charlie" contemplated fol- 
lowing this up with a "mohair." 

Agent E. B. Rittenhouse has received 
several complimentary communications on 
conditions at his station. "The more the 

Washington, D. C, Freight Station 

Correspondent, W. L. Whiting, Chief Clerk 

Since the last notes were sent in from 
Washington, D. C, the Supervising Division 
at this Freight Station has undergone some 
important changes. C. R. Grimm, who has 
been with us for two years as Assistant 
Agent, was transferred on April 6 to Cum- 
berland, Md., at which station he was re- 
cently appointed Freight Agent. It is a 
somewhat curious coincidence that on 
April 6, 1918, Mr. Grimm undertook the 
duties of Assistant Agent here and served 
in that capacity for exactly two years. Our 
best wishes follow him in his new respon- 

Mr. Grimm is succeeded here by M. T. 
Hill, formerly with the Station Service 
Bureau. We extend to Mr. Hill cordial 
welcome, and the assurance of our loyal 

Among other changes that have taken 
place in our force is the transfer of our 
Extension Clerk, R. W. Price (whose mar- 
riage, by the way, was reported in the May 
issue of the Magazine), to Cumberland, 
Md. Here he will assume the duties of 
Chief Clerk to the newly appointed Agent, 
C. R. Grimm. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Whether we can attribute it to Leap 
Year, or to the much discussed (and also 
"cussed") H. C. L., one thing is very cer- 
tain, the little love-god, Cupid, is getting in 
some fine work among our force. Only last 
month we had an unexpected marriage to 
report, and here we are at it again. Our 
Government Settlement Clerk, Miss Bertha 
Henry, decided that she would change her 
name, so on April 17, she became the happy 
wife of Ralph Perry, Jr., of this city. The 
newlyweds spent a delightful honeymoon at 
York, Pa., and Rockville, Md., with rela- 
tives of the bridegroom, and returned to 
this city where they will reside at No. 2304 
Fourteenth Street, N. W. Our heartiest 
congratulations are extended to the happy 
pair, and we wish them a long, long, happy 
life together. 

Tallyman Edgar Miller, one of our re- 
turned soldier boys, is at present on the sick 
list. He contracted an illness while at the 
front, and has not been able to combat it 
successfully since his return. However, 
with a good rest, and a little time in which 
to forget about his work, we hope to see him 
back in his accustomed place on the plat- 
form before long, with renewed strength 
and health. 

Cumberland Division 

E. C. Drawbaugh, Division Operator 
R. G. All among, Secretary, Y. M. C. A. 
P. M. Pennington, Crossing Watchman 
Ruth M. Cheuvront, Office, Mechanical 

L. W. Hewitt, formerly General Foreman, 
Stores Department, Cumberland, has been 
promoted to Assistant Storekeeper. He has 
been succeeded by P. J. Hopkins. We wish 
success to both. 

Effective May 1 , a supply train is operat- 
ing on the Cumberland Division instead of 
the one supply car'Hvhich was formerly 
operated. This train carries a complete 
line of all supplies used at all outlying 
points and collects all surplus material and 
scrap which is stored along the division. A 
new supply car has been furnished,- to 
operate on this train, and it is complete in 
every detail. It is equipped with all mod- 
ern conveniences, including electric lights. 
The train will be in charge of E. F. Rizer, 
who has been operating the supply car on 
this division for a number of years, and is 
well known to all men along the division. 

F. D. Pendergast has accepted a position 
as Outbound and Receiving Clerk in the 
Storekeeper's office, succeeding C. H. Sizer, 

A. I. Smith, formerly Section Stockman 
has been promoted to Stock and Material 
Clerk, Storekeeper's office. This is a well- 
earned promotion. 

On May 2, extra 4868 east, Conductor 
G. L. Payne and Engineer George Shipper, 
with 79 loads, 6,964 tons, left Cumberland 
at 12.30 a. m. Following is its record: 
Sixteen minutes at Sir Johns for coal and 
water, 36 minutes at Millers delivering 25 
loads, 1 ,969 tons, to Western Maryland Rail- 
road, and taking water; pulled Low Grade 
alone and was given helper up Nine Mile 
Grade, train at that time consisting of 54 
loads, 4,995 tons. Passed Weverton at 6.39 
a. m.; time consumed from Cumberland to 
Weverton, 6 hours and 6 minutes. 

The jurisdiction of J. L. Hayes, division 
freight agent, headquarters at Cumberland, 
has been extended to include the entire 
Cumberland Division and the Morgan town 
& Kingwood Railroad. 

Station Lineman A. E. Whitlock of Cum- 
berland, Md., has made what appears to be 
a record in the operation of his motor car. 
He received the car on December 20, 1918, 
and up to April 25, 1920, ran the car 7,500 
miles at a cost of less than one cent per mile. 

A record of its operation in detail is as 



173 5.7°» S70.99 - 00 95 
Get Magazines Here 

Baggage Room, Queen City Station; 
Y. M. C. A., South Cumberland; New Shop, 
side entrance next to sub-station; Callers 
office, South Cumberland; Martinsburg 
Shop; C. E. Auld, for Veterans at Martins- 
burg; J. L. Gildbaugh, for Veterans at 

Track foremen will be supplied from Kcy- 
ser, West End of Division, and from Cum- 
berland, East End of Division. Distribu- 
tion will be made from Cumberland for 
agents and operators on the division. 

Y. M. C. A. Activities 


This slogan has made deep impressions 
upon the minds of railroaders ever since it 
was first sounded. Many lives have been 

V. L. Conne'l, Chief Clerk to General Yard- 
master, Cumberland (First Trick) 

C. F. Vanosdale (standing!. Chief C'erk to 
General Yardmaster 1 Second Trick I 

saved because of the recognition of this 
principle. It needs to be continually re- 
peated. It is so easy to be careless. One 
becomes accustomed to danger when he 
faces it every day. This slogan not only 
applies to the body — it also applies to heart 
and mind. In facing opportunities for 
pleasure and profit, the first consideration 
should be Safety. No one will question the 
fact that in the pursuit of pleasure many a 
soul has lost its bearings and gone to wreck 
and ruin. Pleasure is to be sought, but 
remember — "Safety." Every man should 
seek to better his condition and increase his 
property, but should beware of the quick- 
rich schemes or the opportunity to appro- 
priate that which does not rightfully belong 
to him. "Honesty is the best policy." 
Play safe in business and for the industrious 
and thrifty man there will be comfort. 

Making a Home 

"Be it ever so humble, there's no place 
like home," sings the poet. Our noble 
army of men, flying over the shining rails 
from day to day, turn in loving thought to 
the little woman who makes the home so 
bright and pleasant. The faces of the little 
children flash before the father as he makes 
his run. The making of a home is the 
greatest occupation on earth. The woman 
has much to do with its success or failure, 
but no less responsibility rests on the man. 
The great thought that every railroad man 

Station Lineman A. E. Whitlock, efficient in 
Motor Car Operation 

should have is that of owning a comfortable 
house and in making it a real home. This 
is possible for every man. 

Jennie Smith 

For nearly 60 years Sister Jennie Smith 
has been traveling the rails in the interest of 
her railroad boys. She loves God, and she 
wants all her boys to love Him. As an 
Evangelist she has spoken to thousands of 
men, and they all listen to her with great 
interest, for they know she loves them. This 
good woman addressed a large audience in 
the Baltimore and Ohio Y. M. C. A. 
Auditorium on April 25. 

Martinsburg Shops 

Correspondent, W. L. Stevens, Assistant 
Foreman, Martinsburg, W. Va. 

Mrs. Clara Josephine Aldridgc, aged 61, 
wife of Foreman James H. Aldridge, died at 
her late home in this city, on May 12. 
Tli ugh for a long time Mrs. Aldridge had 
been in ill health, she was seriously ill for 
only a few days. When realizing that the 
span of life was about to end, this patient 
sufferer looked into the dawn of the Great 
Day without fear, and amid the ministra- 
tions of family and friends, spent the final 
hours of suffering with calm fortitude. 

Mrs. Aldridge was always interested in 
the affairs of the Railroad. Her husband 
had served faithfully for so many years, 
and when her son, James H. Aldridge, Jr., 
grew into manhood and entered its employ, 
the mother, no doubt, felt that she^had 
given her best to the service of the Balti- 
more and Ohio. 

The funeral sendees were held at the 
house on West Burke Street on the follow- 
ing Friday, and the remains laid to rest in 
Green Hill Cemete»y. 

The Ladies' Auxiliary of the Veterans' 
Association, of which Mrs. Aldridge was a 
member, sent a hat^ ome floral tribute. 

A Young Railroader 
Virginia M. Twig;, age 14 months. Daughter of 
Vincent D. Twigg, Second Tiick Operator, 
Green Spring, W. Va. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

"Spooks" Lytle 
Manager of Keyser Collegian Basketball Team 

The fellow employes of Mr. Aldridge feel a 
deeper sympathy for him, in this darkest of 
hours, than words can express. The "boys" 
sent a floral design to soften the blow by 
some tangible evidence of their brotherly 
sympathy and respect. 

Brakeman John H. Miller and Miss Hattie 
R. Shipper were recently married at the 
First United Brethren Church of this city. 
Mr. and Mrs. Miller are residing on Liberty 

Our Magazine grows more interesting 
each month. Each issue contains good 
articles from the various departments as 
well as from other contributors. Com- 
plaints are coming to the Editor of failures 
to receive copies of the Magazine. Copies 
can be secured here at the office of the 
Superintendent of Shops or in the Yard- 
master's office. Pensioners and other Vet- 
erans who have difficulty in obtaining 
Magazines can be sttpplied by calling upon 
C. E. Auld, secretary of the local Veterans' 
Association. The Magazine is free to you, 
but to take a Magazine and not to read it 
is to abuse your privilege. If you do not 
want your copy, leave it for some other 
fellow who does. They are too expensive to 

Our Veterans will regret to learn of the 
death of one of their members, Edward A. 
Bowers, conductor. He was stricken with 
paralysis while sitting in his automobile at 
the funeral of a neighbor. He never recov- 
ered consciousness, and died a few days 
later. "Ed" Bowers has been an employe of 
the Railroad since his boyhood. He was a 
member of the O. R. C, of the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles, and of our Veterans' 

Mrr. C. L. Kitt'e, wife of Tie Treating Inspector, 
and her charming little daughter, Caroline 

Association. He is survived by a mother, 
one daughter, and several brothers and 
sisters. Mr. Bowers was 61 years old. 

A Mule and a Car Chain 

From the Berkeley Springs Branch comes 
the story of how Conductor G. C. Cline lost 
his best and only car chain. 

One day, when Conductor Cline's train 
was coming up the Branch, an old mule 
came loping out of the bushes, taking the 
right-of-way, and challenged the train to a 
race. All went well for Long Ears, who was 
running ahead, until he came to one of the 
many trestles which span the little creek. 
Alas! all four of his feet went through the 

Then came Conductor Cline's problem, 
how to get the mule out of the bridge. 
Finally he thought of his car chain. He got 
it out and proceeded to chain up the mule 
after the manner of chaining a broken car. 
Giving the engineer the signal, the pull be- 
gan, and out came Mr. Mule dragged by 
the neck. Thinking that the mule had died 
of a broken neck, Mr. Cline waved for slack 

Mr. and Mrs. Crites have our heartiest good 

John W. Twigg, treating engineer, has 
one this year, too. If you don't believe it 
come up and he will demonstrate how to 
negotiate the high spots. It's a nice, new 
one, electric starter, and everything! A 
regular 1920 Ford Tourer. 

J. R. Myerly, treating engineer, has been 
granted leave of absence, to attend school. 
J. C. Alexander, was appointed Treating 
Engineer, April 16, to fill the vacancy. 


Correspondent H. B. Kight 

Dr. I. C. Iber of Cincinnati, has been 
appointed Assistant Medical Examiner 
here, vice Dr. Gustav Ludwigs, resigned. 

William Hoffman, one of our section men 
at M. & K. Junction, was caught in a 
ditcher while in the performance of his 
duties a few weeks ago, and had his jaw 
broken in three places. He was rushed to 
the Hoffman Hospital at Keyser, where he 

Members of Keyser Collegian Basketball Team. See Note. 

in order that he might retrieve his chain. 
But Long Ears had ordered things differ- 
ently, for when he felt the chain slack from 
the car, he rolled over, jumped to his feet, 
and made off into the hills with Captain 
Cline's chain still hanging to his neck. 
Neither the mule nor the chain has been 
seen since. Captain Cline says he wouldn't 
have minded killing one dern mule, but 
that he surely did hate to lose that chain. 

Timber Preserving Plant 

Correspondent E. E. Alexander 

We are busy smashing records. In March 
all previous records were broken and new 
records established both for output and 
delays. During April all previous Plant 
records were smashed with a big "S" when 
114,115 cross ties were treated, in addition 
to more than 1,000 switch ties and other 
miscellaneous material. 

The previous high water mark was estab- 
lished in August, 1914, when 113,131 cross 
ties were treated. Plant delays were re- 
duced during the same month ten minutes 
less than the record for March. 

The "Stork Express" has brought the 
following arrivals: to Truck Foreman and 
Mrs. R. H. Corbin, a daughter; to Fireman 
and Mrs. P. J. Brill, a son, Charles Mar- 
shall; to Retortman and Mrs. W. M. May- 
hew, a daughter, Vera Vivian. 

Guy William Crites, retortman, and Miss 
Pearl Rosaline Alderton, of Oldtown, Md., 
were united in marriage on Wednesday, 
April 14, by Rev. H. Eugene Richardson. 
Jesse Athey, of Oltdown, and Mrs. George 
Taylor, of Green Spring, were attendants. 

received medical attention, and we are glad 
to report that he is better. 

Olin F. Wilt, west end brakeman, died at 
his home on D Street, Keyser, April 1 , after 
a short illness. He leaves a wife, to whom 
we extend our deepest sympathy. 

" Cal " Filler, formerly Chief Clerk to Store- 
keeper here, has been transferred to Balti- 
more to do special work. W. L. McFarlane 
has been appointed Chief Clerk, vice Mr. 
Filler. Good luck, fellows. 

W. H. Virts has recovered from a recent 
operation and is back on the job as Terminal 
_Trainmaster, with offices in the depot. 
Mr. Virts was General Yardmaster here be- 
fore his promotion. H. D. Burkhart suc- 
ceeds Mr. Virts as Yardmaster. 

When you look around and see the 
"young" fellows who are working every 
day do you ever stop to wonder just how 
long they have been in the service? It is 
interesting to know that on April 20, Con- 
ductor John W. Christman finished 50 
years' service with the Company and is still 
on the job, running his turn every day. 
Mr. Christman is one of our most highly 
respected citizens and we wish for him many 
more years of life among us. 

Colonel. W. J. LaVelle, our oldest Train 
Dispatcher, now examiner on the Book of 
Rules, sustained a bad fall at his home at 
Tunnelton a few weeks ago. We are glad 
to report that he is improving and we hope 
to have the genial Colonel back with us 
soon again. 

We desire to thank the Pickwick and the 
Liberty Theatres for their cooperation in 
helping us to reduce the number of auto- 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


mobile accidents at grade crossings, by 
running the slide which was furnished by 
the Welfare Department. 

The much heralded Keyser Collegian 
Basketball team is made up of Baltimore 
and Ohio men with but one exception. 
Under the leadership of Mr. "Spooks" 
Lytic, a local business man, as manager, 
they have won 33 games out of 35 played, 
and the two lost were on foreign floors. 
They are a clean bunch of sportsmen and 
are the pride of Keyser and of the Baltimore 
and Ohio. Following is the line-up: Shaf- 
fer, one of our painters, guard; Slocum, 
warehouse foreman, forward; Montgomery, 
car repairer, guard; Gibson, locomotive 
fireman, captain, forward; Chesire, car 
repairer, substitute; Dorsey, machinist 
helper, substitute, and "Big" Hoyt, for- 
merly an employe, center. 

(Lack of space prevents our running the 
extended and appreciative individual com- ' 
ment and the record of games and scores, 
sent in by Mr. Kight. — Ed.) 

On May 10, a fire of unknown origin 
totally destroyed the right wing of our Rest 
House. This same building was badly 
damaged some time ago, and was just re- 
paired and fitted up for occupancy again 
in March. 

One of the most essential things at our 
passenger station is an invalid's wheel 
chair, placed there some time ago for the 
use of our passengers. It seems as though 
it is not generally known that we have this 
chair, and, therefore, we wish to say through 
the Magazine, that this chair is always at 
the service of those who need it. 

We regret that our old friend Adam 
Douglass, of the Stores Department, con- 
tinues K at his home. 

Ebert Ross, section man at Rowlesburg, 
sustained a broken leg when the hand ear 
on which he was riding jumped the track. 
We are glad to say tha'i. he is coming around 
all right under the attention of Dr. Hoffman 
at the Hoffman Hostital. 

A picture of the Hoffman Hospital, owned 
by one of our Railroad physicians, Dr. Hoff- 
man, has been already shown in our Mag- 
azine. We arc proud of our Doctor and of 
his institution. Living in the railroad ter- 
minal of Keyser. and for many years Key- 
ser's leading physician, Dr. Hoffman de- 
serves much credit for his splendid work, not 
only in building the hospital, but in the care 
that he has given so many of "our boys." 
Skilled nurses assist him in his work here, 
and many of their patients testify that the 
kindly dispositions of these trained women 
have brought them many a ray of sunshine. 
We take off our hats to Dr. Hoffman and 
his staff. 

Miss Edythe McMakin has been trans- 
ferred from the Master Mechanic's office 
here to the Superintendent's office at 

G. W. Stell, agent at Keyser, has been 
appointed Relief Agent Mr. Stell's former 
position has not yet been tilled. 

Connellsville Division 

S. M. DeHi fk, Manager of Telegraph Office, 

Connellsville. Pa. 
Earl E. Shank, Office of Superintendent, 

Connellsville, Pa. 

On February 3, W. G. Carter, our well- 
known agent at Somerset, and Mis-; Elsie 
Taylor, a nurse on. the staff of the City Hos- 
pital, Cleveland, Ohio, were quietly married. 

The marrLge was kept secret until April «, 
when it was formally announced. Mr. 
Carter and his bride are assured of the cor- 
dial wishes of all their Baltimore and Ohio 
friends for a future of happiness. 

Our sympathies are extended to Yard 
Conductor L. E. Welling in the death of his 
little daughter. 

Our sympathies are extended to Engineer 
M. H. Butler and family in the death of the 
former's father, John Butler, on April 29. 
Mr. Butler was over 80 years old. 

Our "foxey li'l fren'" Stanford A. Mar- 
shall, whose engagement has been generally 
known for a few weeks past and whose mar- 
riage was consequently anxiously awaited, 
pulled a clever little trick and moved the 
date up a week, being quietly married on 
the evening of May 7 at the home of his 
bride, Miss Margarita Wishert, of Con- 
nellsville. Our best wishes to the happy 
couple ! 

R. Carson Paine, C. T. time clerk in the 
Division Accounting office, has obtained an 
indefinite furlough because of ill health and 
will join his father in Florida. Paine's 
going will leave a gap in "Jim" Creedon's or- 
ganization that will cause that young man 
many perplexing moments until he suc- 
ceeds in closing it 

Trainmaster J. F. Miller, Master Carpenter 
H. L. Forney, General Supervisor T. F. Donahue, 
and Track Supervisor P. Miller, on bridge inspec- 
tion trip, Northern District, Pittsburgh Division 

Baltimore and Ohio baseball enthusiasts 
are already at work organizing teams on 
our division. Present indications are that 
at least four good teams will be in the field 
this season, Connellsville, Smithfield, Rock- 
wood and Somerset. 

Captain "Steve" Beucher has banded his 
team of Baltimore and Ohio shopmen and 
has already played a few games. 

On April 17, P. A. Jones, assistant chief 
clerk to the Superintendent, resigned to ac- 
cept the position of Chief Clerk to the Train- 
master on the Pennsylvania Railroad at 
Uniontown. Percy has served the Com- 
pany in various clerical positions for the 
past 16 years, and his departure has been 
generally regretted, although wc are glad to 
learn of his obtaining a better position. 

On April 15, J. D. Trump, C. T. time 
clerk in the Division Accountant's office, 
Connellsville, resigned to accept a similar 
position with the Pennsylvania Railroad 
at Uniontown. 

Pittsburgh Division 

Correspondent, E. N. Fairgrieve, Car Dis- 
tributor, Office of General Superintendent 

The accompanying photo shows Train- 
master J. F. Miller, Master Carpenter 

"Time!" Tovey and Lavelle at Glenwood 

H. L. Forney, General Supervisor T. F. 
Donahue, and Track Supervisor P. Miller 
on bridge inspection on Northern District. 

William Fellows, for a number of years 
Manager of the Telegraph office at Pitts- 
burgh, has sent his last message. Mr. Fel- 
lows was taken sick some time ago and went 
West for his health, but his condition did 
not improve. He returned to Pittsburgh, 
where he died on Friday, May 14. Mr. 
Fellows was a faithful employe, and we 
extend our sympathy to his widow in her 

It is desired that each and every employe 
get a copy of the Magazine and if this is not 
being accomplished, we would be glad to 
know, so that the matter can be corrected. 
Magazines will be sent to the various dis- 
tributing points as usual for distribution to 
the employes. 

Glenwood Shops 

Correspondent, Frank Rcsh, Shop Clerk 

The above picture is of "Jack Demp- 
sey" Tovey, clerk to Assistant .Shop Super- 
intendent, left, and "Jess Willatd" Lavelle, 
on the right. Both of these young men 
have had considerable training along this 
line and no doubt you will soon find them 
out in fast company. It is a very hard 
matter indeed for either of them to obtain a 
fight in Hazelvvood in their own class. 
Tovey is also the star shortstop or&the 
Glenwood baseball team. 

Miss Frances Leeper has been appointed 
secretary to .Superintendent of Shops at 
Glenwood. We wish her good luck in her 
new position; we know that she can handle 
the position to satisfaction. Miss Leeper 
was formerly Statistician Clerk in the office 
of the Superintendent of Shops. 

The accompanying' picture is of J. S. 
Sipc and his grandchildren. Mr. Sipe 
first entered our service on Pittsburgh 

J. S. Sipe and Grandchildren 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Division as fireman in August, 1884, and 
was later promoted to engineer, which 
position he held until 1886. He is now our 
faithful Night Watchman at Glenwood. 

Our officers are showing a sympathetic 
attitude toward First Aid which will result 
in it becoming an institution if the com- 
mittee will but hold up its end. There 
have been installed in the Foreman's office 
of eich shop, new s yle stretcher cases, each 
of which is provided with sufficient space 
for a well regulated supply of First Aid 

Miss Jean Dorsey, clerk in the office of 
the Superintendent of Shops, and E, J. 
Myers, locomotive inspector, are to be mar- 
ried this month. Before Miss Dorsey left 
the office she was presented with a handsome 
ani useful present. ' 

A. C. Plante, clerk in roundhouse at 
Glenwood, died recently. "Al," as he was 
known throughout the shops, was a veteran 
in the service. He had been sick for some 
time prior to his death, but refused to give 
up. Our sympathy is extended to his widow 
and daughter. 

Born to W. Benoit, leading car inspector 
at Dennison, a baby boy. Congratulations! 

It was with regret that we heard of the 
death of J. J. Dillon, layerout in the boiler 
shop at Glenwood. "Jack" was well known 
throughout Glenwood shops and was well 
liked. His family has our sympathy. On 
the day of the funeral, the boilermakers 
marched in a body from the corner of Glen- 
wood and Second Avenues to the home of 
the deceased. 

"The Big Noise" 

Joseph Bolder, known as "The Big Noise" 
began his career on the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad as Telegraph Operator at Vista 
Tower on June 20, 1902. Six years later he 
was transferred to "WJ" Tower, where he 
still holds forth and issues orders. He knows 
his business and everybody who knows him 
knows that he knows his business. He 
points with pride to a record of six years 
during which he was neither absent nor late. 
Now, however, since the Railroad has de- 
cided that a man shall spend as much time 
at home as he does at his work, "Joe" spends 
his leisure hours at home with his children, 
teaching them that "Be on the job" is one 
of the greatest of virtues. 

"Louise" — He Carries a Lazy Man's Load 

Louis E. Barr, foreman in charge of signal 
maintenance at "WJ" is a counterpart of 
the famous Pollyanna. You can't make him 
mad. Girls, here's your chance. One of 
you get busy and give "Little Louise" your 
heart and hand. He is part owner of a con- 
fectionery store which he and "Sunny Jim" 
Lannon operate as a side line. "Louise" 
launched into Railroad work at "WJ" Tower 
on April 1, 1909. From here he was trans- 
ferred to Bessemer in August, 1915, remain- 
ing until the latter part of 191 7, when he 
returned to "WJ" tower. He does not give 
a job the "Good-bye" just because it has 
work connected with it; on the contrary, he 
often doubles over, working an extra ten 
hours for some fellow worker who happens 
to be ill. We Glenwood folks compare 
"Louise" to a good dinner of ham and cab- 
bage — agreeable to everybody. 

That "good goods are put up in small 
packages" is proven by Mr. Dashiell, agent 
at Glenwood. Although he has not been 
in the service of our Company for an 
extraordinary' length of time, yet he is a 
friend of every Baltimore and Ohio man at 
Glenwood. Mr. Dashiell was appointed 
Agent here on January 15, 1904, by former 
Superintendent Bruce W. Duer. He served 

faithfully under Superintendents Duer, 
Peck, Gorsuch, Brady and Beltz, and is 
now again under Mr. Gorsuch. On March 
9, 1918, Mr. Dashiell was promoted to 
Relief Agent at Glenwood, but our officers 
saw fit to change his title again, and so, on 
September 30, 191 8, his position became 
that of Ticket Agent and Paymaster. 
Messrs. A. L. Muirhead, now relief agent 
of the Pittsburgh Division, and D. B. 
Painter, assistant to the Agent at Braddock, 
are two promising young men who received 
their training under Mr. Dashiell. Our 
Agent does not consider that his 8 hours 
are up until his desk is cleared. This is 
evidenced by the accuracy of his records 
and by his willingness to be of assistance 
at all times. He is always on the job, and 
can be found and marked "present" when 

Monongah Division 

E. S. Jenkins, Secretary to Division Engineer 
Grafton, W. Va. 

E. Pepper, of Akron, Ohio, has been ap- 
pointed Chief Clerk to Division Engineer 
in place of F. Warder Tutt, resigned. The 
many friends of Mr. Pepper are glad to 
welcome him back after four years absence 
from the division. 

Miss Blanche Bartlett, stenographer in 
Trainmaster's office, Fairntont, stole a 
march on her many friends by becoming 
Mrs. Grover Stewart on March 30. 

"Dan" Cupid is whispering that Stephen 
M. Boyd, one of the Engineering Corps, is 
about to become a benedict. Congratu- 
lations, Stephen. 

R. E. Zepp, supervisor, spent a couple of 
days with his family at Wilmington, Del., 
during the last of April. 

D. J. Fury, first trick operator at "MD " 
Tower, who spent the winter with his 
family in California, returned home much 
improved in health, and resumed his duties 
April r. 

Charleston Division 

Correspondent, M. W. Jones, Secretary to 
Superintendent, Weston, W. Va. 

"Tonight's the night!" All our girls are 
away at the Leap Year Dance. The Chief 
Clerk is studying baseball rules; the "Boss" 
is down the line; the "Chief Train Delayer" 

is figuring out new schemes for delaying 
trains; the "Car Disturber" is trying to 
place one car in three places on a 335 per 
cent, basis; the Assistant Chief Clerk is 
packing up, ready to move into his new 
palace in the McGary addition; "Charlie" 
Criswell is in the "Marble Palace" figuring 
out how he can get away from charging so 
many claims to the Charleston Division; 
the office is peaceful and quiet. On with the 

The Charleston Division is very much 
alive. Business is beginning to pick up, and 
with the coming of normal conditions, 
which we all hope will be in 'a. very short 
time, we expect to send out circulars to our 
agents, warning them not to allow cars to 
stand on side tracks for fear of flattening 
their wheels, and also to increase CAR 
MILES. We have had a pretty strenuous 
time during April. Old King Pluvius has 
reigned (and rained) supreme. He has kept 
us busy cleaning up slides and washouts, 
etc., but none of them 6f a very serious 
nature. "Major General" Richard Brooke, 
our Division Engineer, has asked for this 
gentleman's resignation, and has requested 
that we appoint in his stead King "Sol." 

Our Car Clerk at Gassaway, C. K. Welsh, 
has accepted a position as Shop Clerk in the 
office of A. H. Hodges, assistant master 
mechanic at Keyser. We are sorry to lose 
him, but wish him success. 

One of our young ladies owns an auto- 
mobile. Recently we saw her driving a 
representative of the Maintenance of Way 
Department through Weston in this car. 
We respectfully suggest that we have plenty 
of good material in the Superintendent's 
office, without going outside. "Charity 
begins at home." my friend. 

A meeting was held on April 16 at Weston 
for the purpose of forming the Charleston 
Division Baseball Club. The following 
officers were elected: P. D. Marsh, presi- 
dent; L. G. Berry, vice-president; J. P.Ryan, 
treasurer; C. W Dixon, captain; F. H. 
Rcmalay, assistant captain; W. H. Schide, 
manager of the team for the division, and 
Miss V. B. Hickman, secretary. Another 
meeting was held April 29, when all matters 
in connection with the Charleston Division 
team were considered. A list of players and 
the positions they can play was made up. 
Committees have been appointed to report 
on grounds, uniforms, finance, etc. About 
$200 has already been collected towards 
expense of uniforms, etc. The question of 
raising money was brought up, and the 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


finance committee was instructed to ascer- 
tain the attitude of the authorities on Sun- 
day ball games, and also to consider the 
question of holding a dance, the proceeds of 
which will be devoted to the ball club 

W. H. Schide represented the Charleston 
Division at the meeting of System Baseball 
Team Managers at Pittsburgh, Pa., on 
May 7. 

Road Foremen Marsh and Davidson have 
recently purchased new hats, several sizes 
larger than the ones they now wear. Did 
I hear you ask "Why?" The answer will be 
found in the statement of Fuel Performance 
in freight service for the month of March. 
The Charleston Division heads the list in 
savings effected. We did not do quite so 
well, however, in passenger and yard serv- 
ice. Now, Messrs. Road Foremen, it is up 
to you to uphold the honor of the division ; 
keep your first place on freight service, and 
at the same time to bring your passenger 
and yard engines up to No. 1. We know 
you'll do this without delay. 

On Sunday evening, April 18, fire broke 
out in the Richwood station about 10.45 
p. m. Fortunately it was observed and 
an alarm turned in promptly, and after 
about an hour's work was completely out. 
The fire apparently started from defective 
electric light wiring in the record room. A 
few old records were destroyed by the fire 
and damage to the extent of about $2,000 
done to the building. Repairs are being 
made by Master Carpenter A. W. Walters 
and his gang. 

The Gassaway boys promise us some real 
baseball this season. The shop boys may be 
seen any evening after 4.00 o'clock levelling 
off ground, putting in stakes, building the 
grandsta "id, etc. Frank Henretty and 
Samuel Lemons are looking after the shoo 
interests. • Assistant Superintendent Kin- 
ton, Supervisor J. E. Conley and Agent 
Davis are doing their afeare also. 

We regret that two of our popular 
mechanics, James Martin and James 
Chalmers, have left us. 

The recently formed cooperative store at 
Gassaway has been incorporated for $20,000 
and stock has been sold to the amount of 
S7 ,000, practically all of which is held by 
our employes. 

Work is going forward rapidly on several 
new dwellings in Gassaway, among them 
being one for Machinist Jankey. When com- 
pleted these dwellings will certainly assist 
in alleviating the scarcity of houses which 
is being felt very keenly by many*of our 
employes who wish to have their families 
with them. 

Our joint office at Elkins, with the West- 
ern Man kind, is under the efficient care of 
C. H. Aldcrton, as Joint Freight Agent, and 
to him is due the credit for the following 
information : 

"You know what Sherman said about 
war. He was right, but J. F. L. of our joint 
office says that suspense is worse than that. 
His very best friend went home for the 
Easter holidays. On arrival she found a 
nice bunch of Virginia red roses awaiting 
her. She immediately wrote "Jack" a nice 
little note, thanking him for the American 
Beauties. If you know the difference in 
price, you will appreciate the point." »Poor 
"Jack," he realizes now that some one did 
not know the difference between the two 
kinds. But he knew; he paid the bill." 

Miss Bess Lyon, our midget stenographer, 
returned recently from a month's leave of 
absence which she spent in Florida. She 
says she had a fine time, but is mourning the 
death of her pet alligator. Our sympathy. 

Gassaway friends advise us thu II. 
Brinkman, former General Foreman, has 
accepted a position as General Foreman 
with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad at 
Russell, Ky. 

A. D. Wainer, yard and demurrage el irk 
for the past two years in our Elkins office, 
has resigned to accept a position with 
Armour & Co. He is succeeded by M. B. 

General Superintendent J. M. Scotl and 
Chief Engineer Maintenance of Way and 
Structures E. Stimson recently made a 
trip over the line from Charleston to Elkins, 

ace <m.> mil I by Superintendent Trapnell 
and Division Engineer Brooke. We had 
hoped to see our General Manager with 
them, but business called him back to 
Baltimore before he reached our territory. 

II. Brinkman, general foreman at Cassa- 
va iv, his resigned. He is succeeded by 
11. V. Helmic, who hails from Parkersburg. 

Wheeling Division 

Correspondent, A. N. Gantzi;k 
Benwood Shop 

Correspondent, Angela Applkgatic 


Where ifie 
Trained Wan 


"Arrangements have been made with 
the International Correspondence Schools 
to conduct their system of instruction 
among the employes of the Canadian 
Government Railways, as they have been 
doing for years among the employes of 
other railroads throughout the Dominion 
with great success. Years of observation 
have convinced the management that 
the work of the Schools is beneficial to 
railway employes and the service generally. " 

Whether you are in the engineering, operating, main- 
tenance or clerical departments, your advancement will 
depend largely on the thoroughness of your training. And 
whether you are going to be a trained man or not — 
whether you are going to advance or stand still — is largely 
a matter for you to decide. 

If you really want a better job and are willing to devote 
a little of your spare time to getting ready, the Interna- 
tional Correspondence Schools can help you. More than 

two hundred and fifty of the 
rai 1 r oad syste m s o f th e U nited 
States and Canada have in- 
dorsed the /. C. 5. method of 
instruction and recom- 
mended it to their employes. 

You're ambitious. You want 
to get ahead. Then don't turn 
this pa^e until you have clipped 
the coupon, marked the line of 
work you want to follow and 
mailed it to the I. C. S. for full 

Marking the coupon is simply the 
act of investigation — in justice to your- 
self you can't afford to do less — and 
it doesn't obligate you in the least. 

Mark the Coupon NOW 


Box 8483-B, bCRANTON. PA. 

I Explain, without obligating me, how I can qualify for 
the position, or in th<> suh'^cr bLfore which I mark X. 
i H Locomotive Fir 

I rl -r 1: i? : 

I H' Traveling Engineer 
Traveling Fireman 
Air Brake Inspecto 


□ Kail way Condnc 
! □ Mechanical Draf 


I QM: 


J Aii.Drake K. . 

Round House Foreman 
Q Trainmen and Carmen 
H Railway Conductor 


achine Shop Practice 
] Gas Engine Operating 
Surviving and Mapping 
R. U Constructing 
Bridge Engineer 
% IrrhitfFtnral Draftsman 
.J Ship Draftsman 
"J Contractor and Builder 
[j Structural Engineer 
M Concrete Builder 

□ it. IL Arenrr Irrnnntlne 
M IL It. Baal Olllri- Ace'tlng 
M Higher Accounting 
M Cert. Public Accountant 

C in sim 11 1M1.1 

Private Secretary 

StenorrBpli*r and Typist 



Railway Mail Clerk 


I I.I 1 I It It' 4 1. FM.INEEII 


Electric Wiring 

Elec. Lighting At Railways 

Telegraph F.nglneer 

Telephone Work 


Stationary Engineer 

iv i ostoaiu ""i 11 1 1 iv. 



□ Good English I^Span 
1 II, llli I I.I lltF I _ Fr«n 

□ Poultry llal.lnc |Q lulu 

Occupation . 


and No 


Please mention our magazine when writing advertisers 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Trt-im-iirioiis I'awt-r? 


lndi\ idualh , 

Mra*nr<- nf Services, 

Uppoitaiiti ies. 

EfBoIeney, i In Haliimore 


wood Shop Team under his leadership is 
going to have a successful season. Mr. 
Gandy was Captain of this same team in 
191 7, prior to the War, and many of the 
lovers of this sport will recall the strong 
aggregation that this team represented. 

Miss Mary Malooly has accepted a posi- 
tion in the .Valuation Department. She 
was formerly employed in the D. S. M. P.' 

M. J. Hartwig, one of the oldest laborers 
on this division, is spending a few months 
with friends at Indian Head, Md. Maurice 
will be greatly missed by his many friends 
in this locality. 

Miss Nell Fletcher, who recently ac- 
cepted a position at this station as M. C. B. 
writer, has been transferred to Fairmont 


The accompanying picture is of H. E. 
Van Fossen, assistant yardmaster; H. D. 
Hunter, receiving yard clerk; H. M. 
McFadden, caller, and G. F. Frady, caller, 
Holloway Yard. The smile on their faces is 
just put on for the camera man, as at most 
times it is rather hard to get a smile out of 
any one of them. 

Much interest is being taken in organizing 
a baseball team and it is hoped that ours 
will be entered in the Baltimore and Ohio 
League. The team will consist of some 
mighty good ball players and they will give 
some of our teams a run for their money. 

The many friends of Engineer D. L. 
Jones will be sorry to learn of the death of 
his wife, at her home in Holloway, after a 
brief illness, on April 27. 

Machine Shop Force at Benwood Shops 

Left to right, standing: J. Fullerton, H. Biffee, A. Ionne, R. Schubert, J. R. Burkley, A Schaff, R. P. Nolan (foreman), W. Wiedle, W. Seelbach, G. Hasenaur, 
J. L Hughes, J. T. Kelley. Second row: E. Simon, M. Wilson, H. A. Alplanalp, W. Henry, W. J. Schaefer, J. W. Haferfield. Front row: I. B. Fette, A. O. Kettlewell 

M. E. Cartwright has accepted the posi- 
tion of District Terminal Trainmaster, 
West Virginia District, with headquarters 
at' Grafton, W. Va. Employes of the 
Wheeling Division are more than pleased to 
see our old friend moved up a notch as there 
is no one that is more deserving of a pro- 
motion than he. Although he is still in our 
district, we will miss him very much, and 
the Wheeling Division will lose one of the 
strongest advocates of Safety First. 

Our old friend Charles Smoot, popular 
fuel inspector, is the proud daddy of a 10- 
pound boy, which arrived at his home on 
April 30. "Charley's" friends all gave him 
the glad hand when he reported it at the 
office on May 1 and he was right on the job 
by passing out a few of his favorite El Verso 
cigars. Attaboy, "Charley ! " 

Ralph H. Gandy has accepted the position 
of Captain and Manager of the Benwood 
Baseball Team and from all accounts Ben- 

in the Freight Agent's office. Fairmont is 
Miss Fletcher's home town and although 
we will miss her smile, we hope to see her 
quite frequently. 

C. W. Shields, who was recently elected 
County Chairman of the Non-Partisan 
Campaign Party, is deeply interested in 
politics. We feel that if he tried he could 
beat W. J. Bryan and get nominated for 
President at the next election. Keep it up, 
old boy. 

C. C. Morris, chief car index clerk, has 
been elected Mayor of McMechen. Con- 

The sudden death of Samuel C. Still- 
wagon, former Roundhouse Foreman at this 
station, cast a gloom over the entire shop. 
Mr. Stillwagon at the time of his death was 
Roundhouse Foreman at Clarksburg. His 
jovial disposition made him friends every- 
where and we all send deepest sympathy to 
his widow and mother. 

Western Lines 

Cincinnati Terminals 

Correspondent, Joseph Beel, Chief Clerk to 
Superintendent of Terminals 

R.I. Surface, rate clerk at Winton Place 
Freight office, left the service to take a po- 
sition with The M. B. Farrin Lumber Com-, 
pany. After 35 years in the Railroad Com- 
pany service, it was like leaving his home, 
but the inducement was so great he could 
not resist. He is the eighth man selected 
by this firm from railroad companies, and 
almost all of these are Baltimore and Ohio 
men. This is an indication that our boys 
are "live wires." 

We are told that " Charity covers a multi- 
tude of sins." Note this: Our beloved co- 
worker and efficient Chief Clerk, "Joe" 
O'Donnell, plants the seed of charity in 
such an humble and unostentatious way 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Four Smiles from Holloway 

that we cannot refrain from mentioning 
one of his recent noble deeds. On the 
morning of April 20, "Joe" encountered at 
the busy neighborhhod of 6th and Walnut 
Streets, an elderly man, very shabbily clad, 
who was endeavoring to fish his breakfast 
out of a refuse barrel of a restaurant. 
"Joe," touched deeply by the pathetic- 
scene, straightened the old gentleman up, 
put his cane on his arm and headed him into 
the restaurant with the necessary amount 
of money to buy a meal and to clothe him- 
self in a fitting manner. But what we are 
curious to know is, what was "Joe" doing in 
this alley at this time of morning, and was 
this old man hemming in on "Joe's" beat 
in his careful perusal of the garbage barrel ' 

Since we have commented on the love 
affairs of two of the young ladies in the Su- 
perintendent's office, and in order that the 
remaining two will not be offended, we will 
tell what we know of them regarding their 
knovvledgeof the creed of "Diana." The de- 
mure young lady wearing the diamond ring, 
is, of oourse, completely gone; everything 
is set; all that remains now is for the 
preacher to say the word. But we think 
that the little brown-haired maid from the 
City of Norwood coulu apply her time more 
advantageously than entertaining fifteen 
young ladies on two gallons of ice cream. 
Why not get into the old "band wagon" 
like the rest of the bunch and fish around 
while the fishing is good? The latest news, 
however, from R. J. J. is to the effect that 
this "Dove Party" did not in any way 
interfere with a permanent Wednesday and 
Sunday engagement that a certain young 
Norwood man keeps. 

This is "Eddie" Welsh, caught in the 
act ot posing for an advertisement for 

J. "Eddie" Welsh 

Fatimas, Eight Hour, or Red Cross Fly 
Catchers. "Eddie" was formerly a yard 
clerk, but at present is Passing Report 
Clerk in the Local Car Record office. 

A double farewell party was recently held 
in the Girls' Welfare Room, in honor of 
Frederick Oehlschlacgcr and Frederick 
Kirchner, both of the Superintendent's of- 
fice, who left the services of this company to 
enter into business for themselves. Both 
of these young men were well liked by 
everyone who came in contact with them, 
and it was indeed a farewell party. They 
had both been in the service of this com- 
pany for several years and had made a host 
of friends throughout the Terminals. 
These men have gone into the transfer busi- 
ness and their trade name of the 0. K. 
(Oehlschlacgcr & Kirchner ) Haulage Com- 
pany, is very fitting. Here's success to 
them in their new career. Frank Nock 
succeeds Frederick Oehlschlacgcr as Assis- 
tant Chief Clerk; McDill Spurgeon succeeds 


Frank Nock as Night Chief Clerk, and 
Kathryn E. Weber succeeds Spurgeon as 
Secretary to Superintendent. 

"Eddie" Welsh, who sometime ago was 
one of the force of the Superintendent's ot- 
fice, could not overcome his "homesick- 
ness" and again joined the bunch. 

Miss Sue Elmore has been transferred 
from the Local Freight office to Superin- 
tendent's office permanently, as Chief File 

One of the sad occurrences of the past 
month has been the passing of Old Jack, the 
well-known and faithful mule of the Balti- 
more and Ohio. Jack entered the service 
of this company in 1900. Since that time 
he has rendered most efficient service. He 
had charge of practically all the hauling in 
the Cincinnati Terminals, with headquarters 
at Storrs. About every employe around 
Storrs has. come "in contact" with Jack. 
He has had quite a reputation in the Ter- 

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Please mention our magazine when writing advertisers 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

minals and since his death many stories 
have been told of him, and much added to 
his long line of achievements in the wav of 
kicking. It is stated by many that "he 
could kick a fly off a person's head and not 
disarrange his hair." The rebuilding of 
Jack's stable at Storrs was a semi-weekly 
occurrence, as Jack seemed to delight in 
seeing just what kind of a record he could 
make in kicking the rear wall out. The list 
of Jack's drivers is too long to mention here, 
but he certainly led them a merry chase, 
although he has never been known to kick 
a man. 

The death of Jack marks the last of the 
old regime. Horses and mules, not only on 
the Baltimore and Ohio, but throughout the 
country, are fast being replaced by the 
motor. But, no matter how good the 
motor, it can never incite the love and es- 
teem which has always been showered on 
these faithful servants. 

There are many people in the Terminals 
by whom Jack's absence will long be felt, 
among these being his veterinary surgeon, 
who did everything during the past few 
years to prolong Jack's numbered days. 
But the archangel had sounded his trumpet 
and it was too late for human aid. 

The vacancy at Storrs created by Jack's 
death has been bulletined, but at this time 
we are not in a position to advise to whom 
it has been awarced. 

C. H. Dreiver 

Carl H. Dreiver was on a recent visit to 
his home in Colorado, where his father 
resides on a large farm just west of Elbert. 
The picture is Colorado Springs, with 
Pike's Peak in the back and Mr. Dreiver in 
the foreground. 

"Love's Young Dream" will soon ma- 
terialize. "Gus" has gone to far off Akron 
to seek his fortunes and eventually build 
that "home for two." Gloom, however, sur- 
rounds a certain young lady in the Super- 
intendent's office from Tuesday until Sat- 
urday. The joys and pleasures of "Gus' " 
Sunday visits have as completely faded by 
Tuesday that gloom prevails till the next 
Sunday. We guess the fellow that said, 
"Absence makes the heart grow fonder," 
knew what he was speaking. Oh, when, 
oh, where, are all our girls going? So 
strange too when we stop and divide 1920 
by four and find that it is that kind of a 

New Castle Division 

A. C. Harris, Assistant Chief Clerk to Super- 
intendent, New Castle, Pa. 
P. W. Adams, Telegraph Operator 
O. C. Bedull, Telegraph Operator' 

The appointment of R. A. Mason to a 
position on the staff of E. T. Horn, super- 
visor of terminals, was announced recently. 

Mr. Mason will be located at Willard, Ohio, 
and will have jurisdiction over the North- 
west District. While he has not been on the 
New Castle Division very long, he has had, 
nevertheless, ample opportunity to demon- 
strate his ability. He has set a high stan- 
dard of yard operation at New Castle Junc- 
tion that will make his successor step lively. 
We are sorry to lose Mr. Mason, but appre- 
ciate the fact that exceptional merit means 
continued promotion. Mr. Mason takes 
with him our best wishes. 

Agent R. H. McKinley at Ravenna, Ohio, 
reports that business is booming at his sta- 
tion. There are certain peculiar conditions 
found at Ravenna station, but Mr. McKin- 
ley has apparently solved the probelm of 
proper handling and is making good with 
a vengeance. 

Lloyd W. Strayer, assistant division en- 
gineer at New Castle, has announced his 
retirement from the service to take a posi- 
tion with the Johnson Limestone Co., at 
New Castle. Mr. Strayer for sometime was 
Division Engineer. He was also employed 
for a number of years on the Pittsburgh, 
Baltimore, Monongah, Chicago and New 
Castle Divisions in the Maintenance of Way 
Department. During this period of his 
employment his duties in connection with 
engineering matters brought him into con- 
tact with many of the employes on the 
various divisions. His pleasant disposition 
and friendly manner brought instant re- 
sponse and his friends grew as rapidly as his 
circle of acquaintances widened. A fare- 
well supper was given by the New Castle 
Division employes in honor of Mr. Strayer 
at the local Elks' Club. At the close of 
the supper he was presented with a gift 
from his railroad friends, all of whom join 
in wishing him the success in the new ven- 
ture that he so richly deserves. 

Navigation season on the lake has op- 
ened and Fairport Harbor is getting in 
shape for the rush season. One grain boat 
has already docked, the cargo of which is 
to be unloaded into the grain elevator at 
that point. The dredge, under Captain 
Kulnane, is now at work getting the channel 
in shape for the big boats. 

Chief Clerk W. W. McGaughey is busy 
inviting his friends to call at his home to 
view the new boy that recently arrived. 

The plans for the organization of the New 
Castle Junction ball team are now com- 
pleted and practice is being held as the 
weather permits. A schedule has been 
arranged and as soon as the team is in con- 
dition the regular schedule of games will be 
started. A dance was held by the ball team 
and an exceptionally large crowd was in 
attendance. This bade fair to take care of 
the finances for a time, at least so far as the 
purchase of equipment is concerned. Con- 
sideration is also being given to placing a 
team in the System League. 

The May Day parade in New Castle 
demonstrated anew the wonderful solidarity 
of the American people and presented con- 
crete evidence of the splendid spirit pre- 
dominating among all classes and colors; 
Americans all, upholding American ideals 
and institutions. The Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad was represented in this parade by 
one of the largest delegations of Railroad 
employes ever assembled for a parade of 
this nature. Superintendent D. F. Stevens 
had the honor to be the first Superintendent 
to head the Railroad delegation. The 
Kiltie Band, of Youngstown, Ohio, fur- 
nished music for the occasion and they cer- 
tainly made a splendid appearance in the 
national costume of the Scot. The parade 
was one of the most important events sched- 
uled for May Day in New Castle. The long 

line of marching men and women, indicating 
a new consecration to American citizenship, 
should have had a sobering influence upon 
anyone possessing "Radical" or "Red" ten- 

Newark Division 

W. E. Laird, Chief Clerk, Newark, Ohio 
A. D. List. Newark (Ohio) Shops 

J. H. Dickcrson has been promoted from 
position of M. of W. Material Clerk, to 
M. P. Shop Order Clerk, Division Ac- 
countant's office, vice Howard C. Wilson, 
who has accepted a position with the Holo- 
phane Co. 

L. J. ("Doc") Savey has a complete set of 
instructions on "How to Run an Auto." 
Any of the force interested in autos should 
see " Doc." 

Ray L. Redman has been promoted to 
Assistant Motive Power Timekeeper, and 
Thomas M. Brooks to M. P. Timekeeper, 
Division Accountant's office. 

Charles Dolan has been appointed Mes- 
senger in office of Division Accountant. 

Philip Puckett has accepted the position 
of Motive Power Clerk. 

Miss Lucille Callahan recently entertained 
the C. A. B. (Gab) Club at her home in 
Sixth Street, Newark. We have not been 
furnished the minutes of this meeting, but 
from the title of the club there must have 
been some discussion. 

Ray L. Hines has recently been com- 
pelled to resign his position in the Account- 
ing office, on account of ill health. 

Frank E. Cole has been promoted to posi- 
tion of Maintenance of Way Clerk. 

On account of the necessity for addi- 
tional office room, the Division Engineer's 
office force and engineering corps have been 
transferred to the newly fitted up quarters 
in the Railway Club building, northwest of 
the station at Newark. 

For some time past, and especially during 
the past three or four months of wet 
weather, this slide has been the source of 
frequent and unexpected trouble and the 
cause of some "sleepless" nights on the 
part of the O. & L. K. Maintenance forces. 
The slide is of considerable magnitude and 
at times appears to involve the entire hill- 
side. In its freakish moments it has vir- ! 
tually "walked" toward the track, taking 
trees and whatever else happened to be in 
the course of its movement. The photo- 
graph shows the track opened for traffic 
after a hard "round" between the ditcher 
outfit and one of the recent slides. 

Newark Shops have turned out some 
good mechanics, a half-dozen poets, etc., 
but it has just been called to our attention 
that we have at least one musician, B. H. 
Holtschulte. "Ben" has written both 
words and music of a song entitled 
"IRELAND." This song will be on the 
market very soon. From the advance copy 
which we have received, it is our opinion 
that it will make a big hit. 

Frank Strear, popular and well-known 
Blacksmith in Newark Shop, will leave 
within the next few weeks to join the John . 
W. Vogle minstrel show. "Pete" has made 
quite a hit with the people round about this 
part of the country and there's no reason 
why John's gate receipts shouldn't go up 
when Frank gets behind the foot-lights 

You Can't Make Time Or 
Money Standing Still- 
Neither Can Cars 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Jakes' Wi.d Rids 

r The silence was terrifying, broken only 
by the sharp crack of a motor cycle exhaust ; 
its rider being no other than our amicable 
Roundhouse Gang Foreman, Prank Jakes. 
Frank is the owner of an automobile, 
built in the pre-historic ages, which he is 
■ thoroughly familar with, but the ride to 
which we refer was taken on a motor cycle 
1 which belonged to a friend. 

With perfect grace (you would have 
j thought that he was demonstrating a veloci- 
pede) he mounted, kicked the starter and 
pulled the machine down out of the rack 
i with the ease of one who has made a busi- 
| ness of training motor cycles to stand in the 
] straight and narrow path, pulled his cap a 
! little closer over his eyes — and this is where 
the story begins. 

It was a tense moment. The onlookers 
had stopped breathing. Frank opened the 
throttle, dropped the clutch in low and 
made a bee line towards the twenty-four 
sets of tracks across the Newark Yards. 
The machine hit the first rail, the front 
wheel clearing the second rail about 18 
inches, while the back wheel only went over 
it by about 10. The only thing that Jakes 
had on the machine was his hands on the 
grips. We have never seen the Flying 
Squadron, but we are willing to make a bet 
that Jakes can teach them something. 

Riding in between two tracks, on the ties, 
is not the easiest thing in the world, but 
Frank did it for about a hundred yards, and 
we suppose that on account of not wanting to 
wear the seat out, rode part of this distance 
on the rear mud guard. It is the opinion 
of some of the spectators that he tried to 
stop it, but either from muscular trouble, or 
lack of familiarity with the workings of his 
iron steed, turned the grips the wrong way 
and immediately slid off the seat onto the 
mud gu_rd. He tries to tell us that he was 
practicing a new stunt, but we can't get 
him to say that it was easier riding on the 
mud guard than on the seat; however, we 
do have his assurance'lhat the next time he 
does a rough riding act he will get out in a 
ten acre field. 

Zanesville Reclamation Plant 

Correspondent, Charles B. L. Hahx 

On May 10 at 8 o'clock p. m. Mrs. Walter 
Leach presented to her husband a 14-pound 
baby girl. Mr. Leach is a brakeman in the 
Zanesville Yards and also Local Safety 
Committeeman. All Zanesville employes 
join in extending hearty congratulations to 
Mamma and Daddy. 

Albert Heffly, our well known Passenger 
Conductor, wants to be sheriff of this great 
and glorious county of Muskingum. We 
frankly believe that Mr. Heffly would make 
a good man for the position; if he once 
caught a prisoner he sure would hold to 
him, but if he should have to run in order 
to catch his man, he would be out of luck, 
because Mr. Heffly weighs 330 pounds. 
Nevertheless, his Baltimore and Ohio com- 
rades have pledged themselves to his sup- 

The birth of a 7-pound baby boy, Charles 
William, has blessed the home of Section 
Stockman and Mrs. William H. Alexander. 
We extend heartiest congratulations. 

Boos:er Meetings 

The committees that have been appointed 
to take up the matter of a Baltimore and 
Ohio Employes' Club promise more fine en- 
tertainments, but they insist that if the 
Club is to be a success, every employe must 
cooperate with the committee and" at the 
same time boost and not knock. 

Cleveland Division 

A. F. Beckkk, Secretary to Superintendent, 

Cleveland, Ohio 
Amy A. Ford, Clerk to Pilot Engineer, 621 

Sloan Building, Cleveland, Ohio 

We regret to announce the death of the 
son of Trainmaster Fitzgerald. Our sym- 
pathy is extended to the family. 

The clerks in the Superintendent's office 
and Division Accountant's office at Cleve- 
land, held a May Dance at Brecksvillc, 
Ohio, on May 15, "down on Gasser's Farm," 
as they call it. From all appearances, the 

buss line from 3re:k*vilb to CL-veland was 
very bosy in t'.u W33 h jjts of the following 

Chicago Terminal 

Correspondent, T. 11. Williams 
Maintenance Clerk 

Edward F. Doubek, abstract clerk in the 
Revenue Division of the Accounting De- 
partment died on May 2. Mr. Doubek 
left the office Thursday afternoon for a minor 
throat and nose operation when a hem- 
orrhage set in and he passed away. The 

If ami Jton 10 afrit 

^ " The Watch of Railroad Accuracy" 

Engineer P. J. Mink of the New York Central Lines is known 
as "The Chief" on the New York-Albany run, because he's 
handled a throttle for thirty-one years. For ten years he 
drove the Twentieth Century Limited on his division, with 
the Hamilton he carries, and established an enviable record for 
running on schedule. 

Are you being handicapped 

with an inaccurate watch ? 

'""pHERE'S probably no line of 
* work where punctuality has 
more to do with a man's success 
than in railroading. If your particu- 
lar job raust be done to a time 
schedule, then your efficiency record 
is at the mercy of the watch you 

There are two very real reasons 
why the Hamilton has become the 
most popular watch amoni; America's 
railroad men : 

Its day-in-and-day-out dependabil- 
ity—its ability to stand up under 

railroad work and give long years of 
unvarying satisfaction. 

Ha vevour jeweler show you Hamilton 
No. 940 (18 size, 21 jewels) and 
No. 992 (16 size, 21 jewels). These 
famous railroad models make time- 
inspection a mere matter of routine. 

Write today for 
"The Timekeeper" 

An interesting booklet that pictures and 
describes all the Hamilton modi Is. Pricis 
are given and they range from $22 ($25.60 
in Canada) for movements alone, up to 
$200 for the Hamilton Masterpiece in 
extra-heavy 18k gold case. 

HAMILTON WATCH COMPANY, Lancaster, Pennsylvania w 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

General Foreman N. R. Butler, Inspectors and Clerks at Garrett, Ind. 

entire office was very much shocked at the 
news of his death and extends its sympathy 
to his bereaved parents. 

Victor Hansen, I. R. C. A. clerk, had a 
happy surprise this morning when his wife 
called him up on the telephone and said the 
baby had a tooth. The entire office con- 
gratulates him on the wonderful progress 
the baby is making. Just think, he is only 
five months old ! 

W. E. Buckmaster, former correspondent 
of the Chicago Terminal, has been going 
around with a smile that won't come off. 
Upon investigation we find that the stork 
visited his home a few days ago and in- 
creased his family with a 1 2-pound boy. 
Congratulations ! 

It was great satisfaction to our officials 
and employes to read in the various Chicago 
newspapers that during the worst bl ->zard 
of the winter, which reached Chicago on 
Easter Sunday, April 4, all passenger 
trains were handled in and out of the Grand 
Central Station with practically no loss of 
time, while at other stations trains were 
reported from one to six hours late. This 
shows that our men believe in loyalty and 
are efficient in case of emergencies. 

H. E. Gregory failed to show up for work 
on April 10. Why? A baby girl. Smoke 
up, boys! 

H. E. Hansen's many friends are glad to 
see him back after being confined to his 
home for a few weeks. 

Otto Lozzo, manager of the news stand 
in the Grand Central Station, has just re- 
turned from a trip to Seattle, Wash., where 
he took his wife, who is recovering from- a 
serious illness. We sincerely hope Mrs. 
Lozzo will be benefited by the change of 

The employes extend their heartfelt sym- 
pathy to H. White, Jr., who recently lost his 

John Werkowski, assistant car foreman, 
has joined the benedicts, and according to a 
post card which we received from him, he 
must have spent a gay time among the 
white lights of Broadway. He wrote us 
that he and his wife were in New York on 
their honeymoon, and that they were stav- 
ing at the Astor Hotel. We extend our 
best wishes for their conjugal bliss. — Ed. 

D. W. Koons, formerly Agent at Hovt- 
ville, has been appointed Agent at Republic, 
Ohio. He is succeeded by H. A. Hesse, 
formerly Operator at Auburn Junction. 

D. C. Krider, who has been located at 
Republic as Agent for several months, was 
taken very sick and at the present time is 
in the Hospital at Ann Arbor, Mich. We 
all hope for his speedy recovery. 

With the advent of 52 beautiful broilers, 
comprising the Grand Trunk Car Record 
office in the room formerly occupied by the 
C. T. H. & S. E. Accounting Department 
on the second floor, the clerks in East Wing 
of Grand Central Station have developed 

strained necks. It has been suggested that 
arrangements for strapping them to their 
desks be made in order to prevent them 
from doing a jackknife dive to the second 

Edward Coan, formerly stenographer in 
Mr. Burg's office, has resigned and accepted 
a position with the Traffic Department. 

"Jack" Murray, Conductor, Chicago Division 

Xow that the Spring air has given the 
boys the fever, it is presumed that the 
Fishermen's Quartet, composed of White, 
Hansen, McDonald and Lozo, will be 
searching for new lakes to drain of all the 
big fish. No brainy fish will jeopardize his 
life by looking at their bait and it is a wise 
one that says "Goo Bi Gas" when he sees 
them approaching. 

Conditions are again normal in the Ac- 
counting Department and there seems to 
be a little more breathing space since the 
United States Railroad Administration 
representatives completed their check and 
audit of Federal Accounts. The Adminis- 
tration's representatives, in charge of Mr. 
A. R. Seder, spent over six months in re- 
vising the Federal Accounts. During the 
same time the Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission representatives checked the Cor- 
poration's Standard Return figures and the 
Accounting Department had their hands 
full, taking care of both sets of accountants. 

Chicago Division 

F X. Shultz, Division Operator, Garrett, Ind. 
Bertha Phelps, Clerk, South Chicago 
Margaret Galloway, Assistant ShopClerk, 

Garrett, Ind. 
R. R. Jenkins, Secretary, Y. M. C. A., 

Willard, Ohio 
P. H. Carroll, Signal Supervisor, Garrett, 


George Ward, veteran engineer, died at 
Sacred Heart Hospital on May 9. His 
death followed an illness of about 10 years 
from complication of diseases. He is sur- 
vived by two sons, William of this city, 
and Russell of Pennsylvania. 

Effective May 1, N. R. Butler, general 
foreman, at Garrett, was transferred to the 
same position at New Castle Junction. 
General Foreman H. Rees, of New Castle 
Junction, was transferred to Garrett as 
General Foreman. 

The accompanying photograph is that of 
General Foreman N. R. Butler, supervising 
officer, inspectors and clerks at Garrett. 
This was taken just prior to Mr. Butler's 
departure for New Castle Junction. 

Left to right, rear row standing: J. T. 
McSweenev, blacksmith foreman; Miss 
N. McCully, clerk, M. M. office; Miss M. 
Grischke, stenographer, M. M. office; 
N. R. Butler, general foreman, and Miss T. 
Schunk, stenographer M. M. office. Sec- 
ond row, standing: C. Hooper, boiler in- 
spector; W. L. Clark, leading boilermaker; 
O. Bennett, boiler gang foreman; J. Hollis, 
assistant car foreman; L. W. Eberle, boiler 
foreman; A. B. Galloway, pipe and tin 
shop foreman; B. H. Groves, mill foreman; 
J. H. Lantz, shop clerk; B. O. LaRue, gen- 
eral foreman's clerk; F. C. Moses, day 
enginehouse foreman; G. M. Teal, suner-- 
intendent shop schedule; H. H. Vander- 
bosch, night enginehouse foreman; J. F. 
Gordon, assistant day enginehouse foreman; 
A. E. Treesh, wreckmaster; L. E. Smith, 
leading machinist; O. M. Rankin, car 
shop foreman. Rear row, seated: D. H. 
Weaver,- crew dispatcher; A. D. Johns, 
crew dispatcher; and M. B. Miller, engine- 
house clerk. Front row, seated: Allen 
Smith, boiler foreman's clerk; F. W. 1 
Fouch, erecting shop foreman ; J. A. Grant, 
painter foreman; L. S. Ziegenhein, tool 
foreman; A. K. Hickman, file clerk; G. A. 
Leisinger, leading electrician; J. H. 
Schunk, machinist shop foreman, and 
H. O. Rentz, leading carpenter. 

The accompanying photograph is of 
"Jack" Murray, one of *ur pioneer pas- 
senger conductors. He runs on Trains 
Nos. 9 and 6 between Willard and Chicago. 

A son was born to Pipefitter Helper and 
Mrs. Stanley Potter on Tuesday, May 1 1 . 

We are proud to state we have one, if not 
the youngest of telegraph operators on the 
System, in the person of Loran Loomis, age 
12, son of operator and Mrs. E. H. Loomis. 
Loran is able to handle a trick along with 
an experienced operator. He learned op- 
erating while he was employed as messenger 
boy at the local Western Union office. 

Allen Smith has accepted position as 
clerk to Boiler Foreman Eberle in General 
Foreman's office, this station, vice A. D. 
Johns, made crew dispatcher. 

We wish to extend our heartfelt sym- 
pathy to Car Foreman Gibson and to his 
family in the death of Mr. Gibson's father 
in Chicago on May 7. 

Blacksmith A. D. Ober, who suffered a 
stroke of paralysis during the early Fall, has 
recovered sufficiently to permit of his being 
out on the streets again. 

Pipeshop Foreman and Mrs. Galloway 
announce the approaching marriage of 
their second daughter, Miss Wilma, to 
Chalmer J. Spahr, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Elmer Spahr of Defiance, Ohio. Miss 
Wilma has been employed in the Division 
Accountant's office as tonnage clerk for the 
past three years and Mr. Spahr is a Fire- 
man on this division. They have a large 
circle of. friends who will wish them much 

Miss Margaret A. Galloway has resumed 
her duties as Assistant Shop Clerk after an 
absence of two weeks, on account of an 
operation for removal of tonsils, adenoids 
and correction of gland trouble. It will be 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


remembered that she underwent an oper- 
ation on August 6 last for removal of goitre 
•and thvroid gland. 

Enginehouse Clerk M. B. Miller, Garrett, 
Ind., has been noticed visiting numerous jew- 
elry shops lately. We understand that he is 
negotiating for the purchase of a diamond. 

Miss Nordiea McCully, clerk in the 
Master Mechanic's office, will head a party 
of prosperous clerks on a vacation trip to 
California June 14 to 28. The boys of the 
Golden State should look out. What is 
the the matter with Michigan, Nordiea? 

"Fred" Nagle, chief man hour clerk, in 
Division Accountant's office, was trans- 
ferred to South Chicago as Shop Clerk, 
vice C. R. Pilgrim, who left the service to 
take a position in Car Record office of 
Pennsylvania Lines at Chicago. Best 
wishes for success. 

Work is now under way on improvement 
of the grounds surrounding the passenger 
station at Garrett, and in a short time we 
will have as nice station grounds as are 
in this district. 

Garrett, Ind. 
Dear Ed — You ast me to rite agin an' sed 
my spirit wuz fine. Thanks for them 
bokas, but hones' Ed, I aint had no spirits 
sense last july, cuz if I had, that 1st letter 
wot I rote woodn't never ben dun yet an' I 
woodn't never had to rote no more, cuz it 
wooda covered ever tecknickle point an' 
person on the Chi div., even them hobos, 
an' owin' to the shortage of paper it never 
wooda ben printed. I saved up a lot of 
Chi div. boys wot I didn't menshun in my 
last letter, owin' to the lack of space and 
1 spirits. The 1st one I wish to menshun is 
I our new chf clerk, wot got a new Barney 
Hunsel' hat with a rubber band sense his 
promotion, an' he also walks on his heels to 
save his soul, cuz his wife wont let him get 
no more shoes til he gets a chancht to go to 
N. Y. an' buy sum of Mr. Woolworth at his 
5 an' 10 cent store, cuz he don't never profi- 
teer. An' his asst. mot is a nice little, 
bright little lad, wot luvcs his own wife and 
she stays in Hicksvillc mos' of the time an' 
we all feel sorry for him, cuz he waits long 
an' longingly an' offen in vain for No. 9. 
An' there's our dere ole car distributer, wot 
works so hard and fast the cars cant keep 
up with him, an' he files mor'n a dozen 
msgs about each ear, wot makes them oprs 
in "G" offs say things wot woodn't sound 
nice in this. We are more than proud of 
our chf accountant ; every time he passes the 
City hall, the Marshall sets "ole Glory" at 
haf mast, cuz he looks so much like "ole 
Abe." Gess you've herd of "Old Taylor." 
He's our boss carpenter, wot builds air 
castles an' dreams of Cuba an' fairies an' 
things. An' our div. Engr. is so ambishus 
he cant never stan' still even wen he has a 
chancht. Our asst. div. Engr. makes us all 
cheerful jus' to be in his presents, he reminds 
us so much of Bill Nye. An' that m of w 
chf clerk always tells us a funny story about 
his cow, wot had wolf in its tale. We calls 
him hard boiled cuz he raises plymouth rock 
chickens. Dere Ed, my heart swells with 
pride wen I menshun our m of w super- 
visors. They shurc is hard workers, an' 
keep that stone ballas' so white an' clean 
that lookin' from the observashun on moon- 
lit nites, it looks jus' like a great big silver 
ribbon, an' even that little ditch 'long side 
of the track looks like a beutiful "Sunny 
Brook." An' Mr. Christy gets mosf^f his 
artistik tastes from the Chi div. dinin' cars. 
Almos' fergot to menshun our signal super- 

His name is Pat, 
But he cant help that. 
He's shurc a fine fella an' luves everybody 
an' aint got no fault to find with this dere 

ole world, on'y England ought to be local ■ 1 
in Ireland an' Dublin the capitol of the 
U. S. A. 

Yours Truly, 

D. S. Patcher. 

The Dandelion 

Little yellow flower, you are dear to us all, 
We will pluck you this year from Spring 
until Pall. 

We will cultivate you in the garden and 

And an army of admirers will greet you at 

Just a short time ago you were heartily de- 

But ance last July you are 'most idolized. 
For sweet golden petals, my dandelion 

Make wines that will sparkle like yellow 

D. S. Patcher. 
South Chicago 

Car Distributor Paul Wegener has left us 
and will engage in farming near Crown 
Point, Indiana. We are sorry to lose such 
a capable employe and wish him success in 
his new undertaking. 

The Noon Rush Hour at 
Our Endicott Restaurant 

Over 11,000 meals are served daily in our res: auran s at Endicott and John- 
son City, N. Y. A full course dinner is served for 20 cents. There is also a 
lunch room in connection; separate dishes are served at a small price. 

Canoe-tilting contest by our workers on ths Susquehanna River, at 
Ideal Park, Endicott, N. Y. 

Endicott - Johnson 

N. Y. 

Shoes for Workers 

and Johnson City, 

N. Y. 

Their Boys and Girls 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

F. A. Nagel. formerly of Garrett, Indiana, 
has been appointed Chief Clerk in the Gen- 
eral Foreman's office, vice C. R. Pilgrim, 
who has resigned to accept a position with 
the Pennsylvania Company. Henry Berg- 
strom, machinist in the shops here for sev- 
eral years and a well known "First Aid 
Man," has entered the service of the Illi- 
nois Improvement & Ballast Company. 

Willard, Ohio 

Clifford Puneell, machinist helper, is im- 
proving very nicely after suffering a broken 
leg on March 2 1 . 

Fireman Spangler, htely mimed, had a 
very sorry mishap while on his honeymoon 

They have played the strongest teams of 
High Schools and Colleges of their section 
of the State, and because of their excellent 
playing L. A. Pausch, supervisor at Lees- 
burg, has awarded them each a medal. In 
the accompanying picture, reading from left 
to right, top row : Miss Delight Ladd, V. V. 
Preston, coach (third trick operator, Lees- 
burg), Miss Esther Henderson. Bottom 
row, left to right: Miss Henrietta Brow- 
der (sister-in'-law of F. F. Maloney, second 
trick operator at Leesburg), Miss Bertha 
Barrett (cousin to first trick operator at 
Leesburg, Truman Murphy), and Miss 
Eli?ab„'th Piusch (daughtsr of Supervisor 
L. A. Pausch). 

Undefeated Girls' Basketball Team of Leesburg, Ohio, High School 

in Oklahoma. Someone relieved him of his 
transportation and, in fact, almost every- 
thing except his bride. 

Firemen Jennings, Graback and Schwab 
have been temporarily transferred as ma- 
chinists helpers in the Willard Roundhouse. 

Ohio Division 

Correspondent, A. E. Erich, Chillicothe, 

The Leesburg, Ohio, High School Girls' 
Basketball Tcvm has pbyed fourteen 
games this season without a single defeat. 

I. C C. B°i' cr Inspector Charles Michaels 
has recently taken unto himself a wife. 

It is with regret that we announce the 
resignation of our efficient and popluar 
Assistant Division Engineer, Samuel H. 
Pulliam. who has accepted a position with 
The Van Blarcom Co>, at Cleveland, Ohio. 
We wish him success in his new connection. 
Fe is succeeded by James W. Purdy, who 
also has our best wishes. 

Philip Hixon, fuel clerk in Division 
Accountnnt's office, was successfully oper- 
ated on for removal of adenoids and tonsils. 

We are sorry to learn of the accident to 
Alva Shoemaker, signal repairman at Love- 
land, who had his ankle badly injured by a 
piece of timber falling from passing train. 

C. L. Hutt, clerk to Trainmaster, has 
left for Hot Springs, Ark., Denver, Col., and 
other western points, for a sixty-day rest. 
Be sure and get the "rest," "Curt." 

Clarence Wickline, steel car helper, has 
taken the marriage vow. Congratulations! 

J. F. Sewards, air brake repairman, on 
triple valve rack, has taken to himself a 
wife, Miss Riley, formerly of Chillicothe. 
Mr. Seward gave cigars to his fellow work- 
men, and when the lady clerks were very 
much disappointed that they did not receive 
any compliments from him, he presented 
them with a box of candy and sent with it 
the news that by the first of July one of the 
stenographers will be following in his steps. 
More candy and cigars. 

Brother Stork, a popular visitor here, left 
a baby boy in the homes of each of the fol- 
lowing employes: J.N. Gunning, air brake 
inspector; Edward Shepherd, machinist 
helper, and Watson Sykes, machinist helper. 
We extend our congratulations. 

F. R. Gelhausen, general foreman, has 
been off duty with relapse of influenza. We 
are glad he is again able for duty. 

J. O. Keegan has succeeded W. B. Noland 
as Assistant Night Roundhouse Foreman. 
He was formerly Machinist at North Ver- 
non, Ind. Mr. Noland has taken the place 
of Mr. Barrett as Assistant Day Round- 
house Foreman. We wish them both suc- 

F. W. Reynolds, storekeeper from Chicago 
Terminals, has succeeded C. F. Erich as 
Storekeeper at Chillicothe. Mr. Erich has 
taken the place of Mr. Assistant, 
Mr. Schwab being transferred to Glenwood. 
They have our best wishes for success. 

We welcome back Electrician Charles E. 
Woods, who, for the past ten months, has 
been in Georgetown, British Guiana, South 
America. Mr. Woods returned account of 
the climate not agreeing with his health, but 
states that Mr. Wilkerson, formerly elec- 
trician, and Mr. Wagner, formerly Round- 
house Foreman at Chillicothe, will remain 
there for the present. Mr. Wagner is now 
General Trainmaster and Foreman over the 
mining road which runs in and out of 
Georgetown. Mr. Woods says that Chilli- 
cothe, Ohio, is good enough for him; he has 
had enough of the jungle life of South 

Our efficient Car Distributor, "Bill" 
Rardin, is thinking of going in for "big 
time stuff" since starring in a local amateur 
production of "Johnny Get Your Gun," 
which was given at a theater in Chillicothe 
and "The Liberty" at Camp Sherman. We 
are informed that "Bill" had quite a 
"touching" scene with one of the young 
ladies of the cast. 

The girls in the Freight Department 
aren't at all slow. 'Tis rumored that eight 
of them are going to "hit new trails" ere 
the Leap Year privileges are no more, On 
March 3 their first ventured forth. Miss 
Ethel Thomas, daughter of Engineer D. C. 
Thomas, of Hamden, Ohio, became Mrs. 
Harry McClain. We miss Ethel, but ex- 
tend to her and "Clainey" our best wishes. 
Eight more months, girls! Who's next? 

We are glad to welcome Miss Bertha 
Graves, who is home again after an extended 
leave of absence. 

Common expressions in the Freight 

Lang: "Now who left the door open?" 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


At Home — In Spare Time 

As You Would in 
""Actual Practice 

Get into this constructive branch of industry where big salaries are paid. No previous training is neces- 
sary to become a capable draftsman with the help of the Columbia School of Drafting. You can master 
the practical lessons of our famous home study course, at home, in spare time. You will be personally 
coached and instructed, by mail, by Roy C. Claflin, president of the school, whose 
long experience as a draftsman and teacher, especially qualifies him to give you 
the training vou need to become a successful Draftsman. 

ecome a Specialist 

How "Columbia" 
Students Succeed 

Students of the Columbia School 
of Drafting often secure positions 
at $2,000 or more a year to start 
before completing the course. 
Hundreds of men and women 
with "Columbia" training are 
now making good with big con- 
cerns all overthe country. Many- 
more are needed for "splendid 
positions now open. Here is 
what "Columbia" training is do- 
ing for some of our graduates: 
Laurence Johnston, over $5,000 a 
year; George Murray, $45 a week 
to start; G. Tangorra, $2,800 
a year; A. L. Gash, $140 a month 
to start; W. S. Burfoot, $150 
a month to start; T. R. Brown, 
$2,860 a year; R. Fowkes, $3,700 
a year. These are only a few of 
a great number of similar cases. 

We not only give you thorough 
and practical training in Mechanical 
Drafting, teaching you to make actual drawings as you would in any draft- 
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in this profession. 

Draftsmen Get $35 to $100 a Week 

Because of the importance of his work the draftsman 
is paid a big salary and is always in line for advance- 
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pay is from $35 to Si 00 
a week. A knowledge of 
drafting is the stepping 
stone to big technical 
positions in the industrial 
~— ^^m. m field, paving as high as' 

Big Concerns Employ ~^ - ""'"^^^fc-, Mk $50,000 a year. 

Columbia Graduates 

The best concerns in America employ 
Columbia graduates in their drafting de- 
partments because of the thorough. prac- 
tical training we give which enables them 
to step right into important drafting po- 
sitions. Our diploma is the entering 
wedge into big drafting rooms everywhere. As a 
Columbia graduate you are recognized a* an ex- 
perienced Draftsman, not as a mere apprentice. 
Our training spells Success for you. Why be sat- 
i-ned with a grinding, underpaid position when 
there are hundreds of promising positions open 
to you in the big field of Drafting. We are called 
upon io place trained draftsmen more rapidly 
than we can produce them. General construction 
companies, manufacturers, railroads, ship build- 
ing concerns, engineering projects, etc.. need 
Draftsmen today in greater numbers and at 
better salaries than ever before. 

This Complete Drafting Equipment Furnished 

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make of best quality, fully guaranteed, and become your property on 
completion of course. Every instrument needed for course isincluded. 

Send This Coupon Today 

Let us tell you the fascinating story of Drafting 
and how you can master this lucrative pro- 
fession of big salaries and steady advancement 
through our help. Write today to 

Columbia School of Drafting 

Roy C. Claflin, President 
DEPT. 1143, 14th and T Sts., N. W. 

Columbia School of Drafting 

RoyC. Claflin, President 
Dept. 1143, 14th and T Sts., N. W. 
Washington, D. C. 

I am interested in your practical training in Mechanical Drafting. 
Please send me Free, your illustrated book of particulars, testimonials, 
terms, etc. I am also interested in the special post-graduate course checked below : 

(Mechanical Drafting or Machine 
Drafting is the foundation course 
and is complete in itself.) 

Architectural Drafting 

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Electrical Drafting.. 

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Highway Drafting 

Patent Drafting 

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Ship Drafting 

Statistical Drafting 

Radio Drafting 

Automotive Drafting 

Hydrographic Drafting . 

Machine Design 

Tool Design 

Shop Mathematics 

Builders' Course 



. Stat, 


Baltimore ard Ohio Magazine 

"Marg" Thacher: "Whatcha eatin'?" 
Helen Griesheimer: "That's mine!" • 
"Bob" Ogden: "You tell 'em." 
"Mac" Warth: "Anything to please the 

Vida Dixon: "I don't care." 

Shop Carpenter Nelson Bochard, while 
taking his new Chevrolet out of the garage, 
which was close to the river bank, made a 
plunge over the embankment. The car 
turned over three times before striking the 
water. The next thing Mr. Bochard knew, 
he was under the car in the water. Fortu- 
nately he was not injured by the mishap, 
but was left in such condition that it would 
not have been well for him to have been seen 
in company. The only damage done to the 
car w : as that the cushions were lost and the 
top crushed in. At the time of the accident, 
the river was at a fifteen foot stage. Mr. 
Bochard is to be congratulated on his for- 
tunate escape. 

The correspondent desires to thank Miss 
Helen Beverly, Miss Ruth Bickel, Frederick 
Darling and Roy Lee, who contributed sev- 
eral items, helping make this month's notes 
"noticeable." Would also appreciate any 
help or any item from other employes, at 
any time. 

The accompanying picture is of the Divi- 
sion Accounting office force, Chillicothe, 

Standing, left to right: Miss Georgia 
Northcraft, P. L. Hixson, Miss Osma Fos- 
ter, C. F. Steele, J. T. Caldwell, R. J. Con- 
ner, Miss Cornelia Gilsdorf, "Don" Sullivan, 
Charles Ross, Everett Miller, Ruth H. 
Bickel, J. E. Caldwell, George Seffens, 
C. E. Francis, O. E. Sorgius, George E. 
Neal, O. G. Erich. Seated, lower row, left 
to right: Kenneth Conrod, W. A. Rea, 
Miss Susan Masters, Miss Nellie Scharen- 
hurg, Miss Bernice Bowdle, Miss Mildred 
Curtis, Charles A. Conner, Robert Mvers, 
W. K. Schreck, A. L. Buskirk. 

Indiana Division 

Correspondent, H. S. Adams, Chief Clerk 
to Superintendent 

The employes of this division can obtain 
copies of the Magazine at the offices of the 
Trainmaster and General Foreman at Sey- 

J. A. Wilcoxson, after 24 years' service 
in local freight office at Louisville, Ky., 1 5 
.of which he served as Chief Clerk, has re- 
signed to accept a similar position in the 
office of J. D. Marney, assistant general 
freight agent at Louisville. He has the 
best wishes of all of the office force. 

C. N. Turns, who for the past 2 years has 
served as Secretary to the Local Freight 
Agent, J. E. Sands at Louisville, Ky., has 
been appointed Chief Clerk. John H. 
Zeigler, former Counter Cashier, has suc- 

ceeded Mr. Turns. Both are deserving 
young men and are entitled to their pro- 

Henry Zimmerman, abstract clerk, is 
wearing a Sunny Jim smile, all on account 
of the arrival of a new boy, the first visit of 
the stork to his household. 

We are glad to welcome T. W. Jocelyn 
back again to Louisville Local Freight 
office. For 'the past month he has been 
working in New Albany, straightening out 
the old items in the accounts at that point. 

The accompanying photograph is that of 
Miss Lillian M. Osterman, stenographer in 
Superintendent's office. Miss Osterman is 
quite popular with her associates in divi- 
sion office building, as well as with a number 
of friends in the western part of the State. 
Congratulations would be premature, but 
interest is at high-tide. 

Machinist W. P. Clements is expected to 
arrive from New Mexico with his bride 
'most any time. "Bill" didn't have nerve 
enough to face the music in his home town 
and thought it advisable to go to New 
Mexico to pull off this stunt. 

Machinist Frank King purchased a new 
flivver. A few days ago, while returning 

from Brownstown by the way of Cortland, 
and discovering water from White River 
flowing over the road, he came to the con- 
clusion that he would turn his flivver into 
a submarine. This he did very successfully 
until he got into swift water, when it was 
necessary for him to be pulled out. 

All of the men on the Indiana Division are 
glad to see Master Mechanic Shay back on 
the job again after several weeks' confine- 
ment to his bed on account of pneumonia. 

We are glad to welcome to division head- 
quarters, Division Freight Agent R. L. 
Gallaher, and his Chief Clerk, H. J. Ramsey. 
This is a new office for this territory, which 
was formerly covered by Division Freight 
Agent at Cincinnati, Louisville and Vin- 
cennes. Mr. Gallaher will now have juris- 
diction over all stations from Delhi west 
and Louisville Sub-Division to and includ- 
ing Watson. 

In keeping with the popular movement, 
the clerks in division office building at Sey- 
mour organized an overall club, and prac- 
tically 100 per cent, of the force appeared in 
overalls or khaki on Monday, April 19. 
The young ladies designed a very nifty uni- 
form of blue denim. With these new out- 
fits, some of the force conceived the idea 
that considerable enjoyment could be had 
at an overall dance, and such an entertain- 
ment was held in Eagles Hall, at Seymour, 
on Tuesday, April 29. All present enjoyed 
the evening so well that no doubt another 
dance will be held in the near future. 

The accompanying picture was taken on 
mile 44, Section 71, Louisville Sub-Division, 

A Seymour Lassie, Miss Lillian M. Osterman 

and shows Track Foreman M. Stoner and 

Machinist John Cannary purchased a 
new home on North Broadway at Seymour, 
and is figuring in this way to escape the 
profiteering landlords. 

Car Foreman A. J. Keens, at Seymour, 
has been confined to his home account of 

Robert ("Bob") White, future Auditor 
of Jackson County, is now working tempo- 
rarily in Division Accountant's office. 

Regular assigned crews on preferred runs, 
which were cut off early in April on account 
of the Switchmen's strike, have been re- 
stored. This made some of the "Old 
Timers " happy. 

Dewey Niester, operator, bid in second 
trick at Seymour, and has also been work- 
ing as Extra Dispatcher for several days. 

We are glad to note that J* E. McKay, 
dispatcher at Seymour, is back on the job 
again after having undergone an operation. 

R. O. Huntington, dispatcher at Seymour, 
is still making trips to Osgood right along. 
"Beginning to look like a habit." 

Illinois Division 

Correspondent, Omer T. Goff, Secretary to 

Office General Freight Agent 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Correspondent, Francis Piglosky 

We take pleasure in adding to our office 
force C. E. Bradley as Freight Represen- 
tative and Layman A. Brewer as Stenog- 

W. F. Bollman has now been appointed 
District Freight Agent. 

Discovered! — Why Miss Frances is fall- 
ing away to a ton. Good thing there is a 

Stoner's Gang on Section 71, Indiana Division 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


NO MAN ever spoiled his disposition by wearing work clothes that 
fitted — when he could get them. 

"Service" Suits and Overalls fit from trouser turnup to collar turn- 
down. The shoulders slope right and the seat is shaped to conform to the 
body in all positions — standing, sitting, bending. 

"Service" garments are as modern in the field of work apparel as the latest 
device in the shop is modern in the department of mechanics. 

Say "Service" to the dealer. 

• ' % 





Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

chop house close to our office for she has an 
unfailing appetite for Chinese dishes, 
chicken chowmein being her favorite. 
($1.25 a throw.) 

We wish to thank Mr. Bollman for the 
services he has rendered through his 
"Agency, " but I think he will agree with us 
that "It doesn't mean anvthing." (How 
about it "Tony"?) 

Pet expressions of some of our force: 
J. G. F. — "Gol durn it." 
A. H. H— "Tha dickens." 

C. P. B. ? ? - " (Unprintable.) 

H. J. C— "Did jew eat?" 

D. C. W— "No, did jew?" 
A. J. C. — "You're goofy." 

M. H. F.— "That would be telling." 
A. O. L. — "He's busy." 

Toledo Division 

Correspondent, I. E. Clayton, Division 

George Long, correction clerk in Local 
Freight office, has accepted an agency on 
the D. T. C. R'y, at Delphos, Ohio. George 
has always had a longing for the country, 
and now that his dreams have come true, 
we know he will "deliver the goods." 

Miss Maud Veidt, stenographer to Agent, 
has been transferred to Division Freight 
Agent H. E. Warburton's office. Let us 
hope that Maud will not forget her "up 
town" friends. 

Joseph Wheeler, assistant claim clerk, has 
accepted a position with Captain Molter, 
as Patrolman. We all wish "Joe" much 
luck and hope that he will make good. 

Miss Helen Zimpher, stenographer, has 
been transferred to Agent's office. 

Daniel Webster, revision clerk in local 
Freight office, has been transferred to 
Division Freight Agent H. E. Warburton's 

Lester Underwood, collection clerk in Mr. 
Hockett's office, has been given a thirty-day 
leave of absence on account of ill health. 
We wish him a speedy return. 

We welcome J. F. Dobson and H. T. Conn, 
who are new additions to Engineers' Corps 
at Dayton. They have been transferred 
from the Valuation Department at Cin- 

Division Accountant's Office, Dayton, Ohio 

The McNamara Comedy has all of the 
Mack Sennet Comedies beaten when it 
comes to real acting. The following is a 
sketch of the latest movie as staged by Mr. 
McNamara and a friend: 

Arthur and his "buddy" were coasting — 
yes, coasting — down Indiana Avenue, in a 
"Ford." The machine stalled. The driver 
got out to crank it, giving Arthur instruc- 
tions as to what to do — but Arthur failed to 
obey — and "Lizzie" started off with a jazz! 
When Arthur thought she was getting too 
speedy for one who knew nothing about how 
to stop her, he jumped out, falling on one 
knee and hurting it quite badly. However, 
he was so glad to get out of the machine that 
he didn't mind the bump at all. "Lizzie" 
was caught by a spectator, three squares 
away. She was in tip-top condition, even 
though she had hit water plugs, climbed per- 
pendicular terraces, and had see-sawed back 
and forth down a steep graded street. We 
are sorry to say, however, that Arthur is 
still limping. He has given up the "Movie 
Idea," preferring to keep his position in the 
Division Accountant's office. Arthur has 

just purchased a car and we hope it will 
prove to be more tractable than his friend's 

• P. W. Elmore, Seymour, Ind., has taken 
the place of C. R. Adsit as Assistant Divi- 
sion Engineer to H. R. Gibson, Division 
Engineer at Dayton, Ohio. We welcome 
Mr. Elmore and hope that he will feel at 
home with U6. C. R. Adsit was transferred 
to Cleveland. We regret his departure, but 
wish him good luck. 

East Dayton 

Correspondent, Edward M. Mannix 

J. G. Lyons was the representative chosen 
to arrange the baseball schedule for the 
Toledo Division. Let's go after "Jerry"! 
We expect to be playing the national game 
day and night. 

Our baseball team is all ready for the 
opening game, which will be played at Day- 
ton, Ohio, with the Lima team, on May 16. 
Manager Mannix has secured beautiful 
McKinley Park and our players will surely 
give a good account of themselves. To ail 
who so liberally helped us in outfitting the 
team, we extend our sincere thanks. 

They tell us Wilbur Potters, machinist, 
third shift, has just purchased a new Dodge. 

We hear our old friend, "Bill " Stricklin, is 
convalescing nicely and will be back soon at 
his old job. Hurry up, "Bill," we will be 
glad to see you. 

All employes of the Shops and Round- 
house will hereafter receive copies of our 
Magazine at the check board, from either 
of the clerks in charge. We are sure that we 
will not miss anyone. 



I * Exact date of death unknown. 



Here's the Answer to the Pat 
and Mike Problem 

E. N. Fairgrieve, car distributor in the 
office of the General Superintendent at 
Pittsburgh, sent us a problem which we 
published in the "Question Box" of the 
May issue. This is the answer, submitted 
by F. C. McCaghey, a former employe of 
the Valuation Department: 

Let x = the number of years that Pat 

Let y = the number of years that Mike 

(1) x -\- y = 44, total number of years that 
both worked together. 

(2) x = 44-^. 

(3) 2y =3* — ay- 
Substituting the value of x in terms of y of 

equation (2) in equation (3), we have: 

(4) 2y = i32-3y-3>'- 

(5) 83- = 132. 

(6) y = i6>2, the number of years that 
Mike worked. 

Substituting the value of y of the equa- 
tion (6) in equation (2), we have: 
(2) x =44-y. 

Then x =44— i6>£, or 27^2, the number 
of years that Pat worked. 

Answer: Mike worked i6}4 years. 
Pat worked 27K years. 

, <f 


Conducting Transportation Department 

W. S. Berkmeyer Conductor Canton, Oh : o. 

J H. Cot'LBOURN Passenger Brakeman Philadelphia, Pa. 

George G. James Conductor Baltimore, Md. 

John F. Winner Clerk New York, N. Y. 

Motive Power Department 

L. A. Cather Machinist Fairmont, W. Va. 

William D. Lexderkixg. , Plumber Baltimore, Md. 

Henry Loveridge General Foreman East Chicago, Ind. 

H. W. Oldenbcrg Car Inspector Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Maintenance of Way Department 

Ira E. Baker Section Foreman Kanawha Station, W. Va. 

J. J. Price Account Clerk Newark. Ohio. 

J. W. Richmond Water Station Foreman Garrett, Ind. 

J. F. Thome Section Foreman Aviston, 111. 


Statement of employes who have been honorably retired during the month of April, 1920, and 
to whom pensions have been granted: 


Last Occupation 



Years of 

Campbell. William 
Fitzgerald. Edward 
Fossett. George W 

Palm, John 

Schultz. Michael . 

Car Repairer 

Machinist Helper 


Ash Pit Laborer . 

Motive Power 

Motive Power 

Cond'g Transportat'n 

Motive Power 

Cond'g Transportat'n 

Pittsburgh . 
Baltimore. . . . 


Baltimore. . . . 


The payments to pensioned employes constitute a special roll, contributed by the Company. 
During the calendar year 1919. $iil,920.15 was paid out through the Pension Feature, to 
those who have been honorably retired. 

The total payments since the inauguration of the Pension Feature on October 1, 1884, 
amounts to $4,007,455.05. > 

The following pensioned employes, after serving the Company faithfully for a number of years, 

have died: 


Last Occupation 

Adams. James N Engine Cleaner... . M. P. 

♦Jamison. W.H ; Engineer . C. T. 

Duley. Solomon P Machinist j M. P. 

Selby, Laurence A Engineman C. T. 


Date of Death 

Years of 

Baltimore April 22, 1920 ; 27 

Cumberland...! 47 

Newark April 3, 1920 1 50 

Philadelphia . April 6 1920 27 

Back to the Home 

All day long the thought thrills— back to the home at night. 

Poets sing of Home, and sometimes it seems that the ownership of a home 
is something too good to be true. Every night we come back home and always 
we find a welcome from the loved ones there. 

In the morning it's up again and off to work, after the home-cooked bacon, 
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"Good-bye, Daddy, come home early!" 

A home isn't built in a day, neither can you pay for one in a day. 

But you can pay for a home, if you wish, on the quickest kind of an install- 
ment plan by the aid of the Savings Feature of the Relief Department. 

Don't keep on paying rent. Don't live in a rented home, but write to 

Division " S " 
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company 
Relief Department 
Baltimore, Md. 

Learn how quickly you can acquire a home 

Please mention our magazine when writing advertisers 

itifel's Indigo 

' Standard Jbr over 75 years 

This is Mr. Charles Broil, one of the oldest engineers of the| 
Baltimore and Ohio, who runs the famous "Royal Blue." 
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Since the time of the first railroads, strong, sturdy, fast- 
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look for this trade-mark on 
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altimore and Ohio 

A Home and A Happy Family 

The future of the American family is based upon the home. No amount of money has any real 
value to a man unless his home life is happy and healthful. 

A chance to bring up his children in healthful surroundings, a home that will make his wife happy; 
these are the things that every man wishes for. These will go far in the creation of the home life which 
will make sure the future of the nation. 

In the picture are some of the members of a substantial Baltimore and Ohio family, and the home 
which has been a comfort to them all of their lives— the home which a far-sighted father secured for 
them years ago through the Relief Department. 

Timothy G. Donovan, engineman at Brunswick, Md., father and home owner, is the center of group in the insert. In front of him is Juanita, 
between the twins, Frances and Josephine. On his right are Florence and Alvin; on his left, Lillian and Garland. 
A Happy Father, a Happy Family, a Happy Home ! 

Is it not a pleasure even to look at such a picture ? . 

But the real question to you is this : if you have a family that needs more room or better surround- 
ings, why not place them where they can enjoy these advantages? Write to 

Division "S," Relief Department 
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company 
Baltimore, Maryland 

Find out how you can secure a better home 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


At Home, Quickly and Easily 
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A combination course in Wireless Telegraphy and Telephony perfected 
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Est. 1914— Dept. 249 
U. S. Savings Ban!. Building, Washington, D. C. 

Dept. 249, U.S. Savings Bank Building, 
Washington, D. C. 

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Age Address. 



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Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 



By WM. M. WOOD, Air Brake Instructor 

PRICE $2.50 

Contains examination questions and an- 
swers on the E-T equipment. Covering 
what the E-T Brake IS. How it should be 
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Makes Air Brake 
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Norman W. Henley* Publishing Co. 


Mt. Royal Station BALTIMORE, MD. 

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The Professional Joy Killer 

"Avoid criticism,", said the teacher. 
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your father's occupation? 

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Cars Are Only Earning 
When the Wheels Are Turning 




Formerly Member Examining Corps, U. S. 
Patent Office. Prompt and Personal Service 

Washington Loan & Trust Bldg., Washington, D. C. 

Three men,' an Irishman, a Swede, and a 
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stealing a wagon. 

"Well," said the judge, turning to the 
Hebrew, "where did you get the cow?" 

" I 've had it since it was a calf, " was the 

"Where did you get the horse?" he 
asked the Swede. 

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"And Patrick, where did you get the 
wagon?" asked the judge of the Irishman. 

"Oh, your honor, I've had it since it 
was a wheelbarrow." — The Labor World 
(Duluth and Superior). 


Investors Invited to Write for Information 
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Highest References. Best Results. Promptness Assured 



624 F Street, N. W. Washington, D. C. 

The Cause of It 

"I'll bet a sheep," said old Meredith to 
his better half, "that our boy Otho is going 
crazy; fur he's grinnin' at the plough, he's 
grinnin' at the barn, and he's grinnin' to 
himself wherever he goes." "Sho, old 
man," said his wife, "you don't know 
nothin'. The critter's got a love letter." 

On the Job 

' ' My wife tells me that your wife dis- 
played a remarkable knowledge of parlia- 
mentary law the other day at the Woman's 

"Great Scott! Why shouldn't she? She's 
been speaker of our house for fifteen years. " 

xr/rixiomi: & Oh io 

Baltimore, 1u\y, 1920 

JVumber 3 


Cover Design W. E. Lowes and G. B. Luckey 

Seventy-five American Railroads Join in Plan to Aid Transportation 

C. W. Galloway, Vice-President in Charge of Operation and Maintenance 

Margaret Talbott Stevens 

The Miracle of Oil The Girard Letter 

Appointment of Powerful Committee of Nine to Handle Car Distribution 

a Far-reaching Step Toward Perfecting Transportation Service 

In His Father's Stead Charles Wesley Sanders 

Through Sleeping Car Service Between Washington and Detroit 

Opportunity! Is It as Big as Ever for the Railroad Man? C. W. Galloway 

Importance of Book of Safety Rules ! R. N. Begien 

The Railroad Problem «. . . .The Girard Letter 

The Flag 

Seventy Empty Coal Cars Moved 415 Miles in 32J/j Hours — A World's Record.. 

Allow Us to Introduce Our New Annex L. P. Kimball 


The Road to Good Health 

Editorial and Observer 

Charleston Division Setting Pace in Freight Claim Prevention M. W. Jones 

Telegraph-Typewrite the Message in Baltimore — the Copy is Made in 


Our Veterans 

E. B. Rittenhouse. Representative Employe of the Baltimore and Ohio 


Women's Department 

Play Ball! 

Safety Roll of Honor 

Among Ourselves 



published monthly at Baltimore, Maryland, by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to 
promote community of interest and greater efficiency among its employes. Contri- 
butions are welcomed. Manuscripts and photographs will be returned upon request 

Please mention our magazine when writing advertisers 

Baltimore and Unto Magazine 


Learn Drafting 

At Home — In Spare Time 

As You 

Would in 

Get into this constructive branch of industry where big salaries are paid. No previous training is neces- 
sary to become a capable draftsman with the help of the Columbia School of Drafting. You can master 
the practical lessons of our famous home study course, at home, in spare time. You will be personally 
coached and instructed, by mail, by Roy C. Claflin, president of the school, whose 
long experience as a draftsman and teacher, especially qualifies him to give you 
the training you need to become a successful Draftsman. 

Become a Specialist 

How "Columbia" 
Students Succeed 

Students of the Columbia School 
of Drafting often secure positions 
at $2,000 or more a year to start 
before completing the course. 
Hundreds of men and women 
with "Columbia" training are 
now making good with big con- 
cerns all overthe country. Many 
more are needed for ^plendid 
positions now open. Here is 
what "Columbia" training is do- 
ing for some of our graduates: 
Laurence Johnston, over $5,000 a 
year; George Murray, $45 a week 
to start; G. Tangorra, $2,800 
a year; A. L. Gash, $140 a month 
to start; W. S. Burfoot, $150 
a month to start; T. R. Brown, 
$2,860 a year; R. Fowkes, $3,700 
a year. These are only a few of 
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Big Concerns Employ "~ v ■ '~ — -"■^fe^g $50,000 a year. 

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The best concerns in America employ 
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through our help. Write today to 

Columbia School of Drafting 

Roy C. Claflin, President 
DEPT. 1143, 14th and T Sts., N. W. 

Columbia School of Drafting 
Roy C. Claflin, President 
Dept. 1143, 14th and T St*., N. W. 
Washington, D. C. 

I am interested in your practical training in Mechanical Drafting. 
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Statistical Drafting 

Radio Drafting 

Automotive Drafting . 
Hydrographic Drafting . 

Machine Design 

Tool Design 

Shop Mathematics 

Builders' Course 



1 City Stair. 

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Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Seventy-five American Railroads Join in 
Plan to Aid Transportation 

President Willard Named Chairman of Advisory Committee of Nine 

In a vastly important, possibly crucial, move for the future of American railroads, the chief executive 
officers of 75 of the principal carriers of the country met in New York on July 1 and took momentous action 
for the relief of existing transportation difficulties. The meeting was the largest in the history of the railroad 
systems of the United States, and, as one of the leading executive officers expressed himself after the 
gathering, "may well go far to decide the question of private ownership versus public ownership of the trunk 
lines of America." 

The meeting was held in the board room of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad in the 
Grand Central Terminal, under a call of the Association of Railway Executives, and resulted in the appoint- 
ment of a committee headed by Daniel Willard, president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, to work out a 
solution of the vital problems before the roads. 

At the close of the meeting, Thomas DeWitt Cuyler, chairman of the association, authorized the following 

"The Association of Railway Executives met 
today in New York to consider problems growing 
out of the present transportation situation. It 
was the largest meeting of railroad executives 
that has ever been held. 

"By unanimous action the association author- 
ized the appointment of an Advisory Committee 
of nine to deal promptly and effectively with 
transportation emergencies through the coopera- 
tive action of all the roads of the country. 

"Daniel Willard, president of the Baltimore 
and Ohio Railroad, will act as chairman of this 
advisory committee. The other members of the 
committee are: General W. W. Atterbury, vice- 
president and general manager, Pennsylvania 
Railroad; C. H. Markham, president, Illinois 
Central Railroad; W. H.- Truesdale, president, 
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad; 
Hale Holden, president, Chicago, Burlington and 
Quincy Railroad; E. J. Pearson, president, New 
York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad; W. B. 
Storey, president, Atchison, Topeka and Santa 
Fe Railroad; Howard Elliott, president, Northern 
Pacific Railway Company; B. F. Bush, president, 
Missouri Pacific Company. 

' "This action by the association was taken after 
a full discussion of the report of a special com- 
mittee, of which Mr. Willard was chairman. In 
its report this committee said : 

" 'It was clearly the purpose of Congress, as ex- 
pressed in the Transportation Act of 1920, that 
private ownership and operation of the railroads 
should continue to be the established policy in 

this country, but your committee is firmly of the 
belief that in the final analysis the test of private 
ownership which the public will apply will be the 
ability of the carriers to render efficient service to 
the country as a whole .and under all conditions. 
While we believe that the best results from private 
ownership can only be realized under conditions 
which permit the fullest opportunity for individual 
initiative and action under normal cimimstances, 
we also believe that in order to preserve private 
ownership it is incumbent upon the individual 
companies by voluntary action and cooperation 
to establish an agency authorized to deal promptly 
and effectively with such emergencies as contem- 
plated in Section 402 of the Transportation 

"The advisory committee will advise concerning 
matters relating to transportation, maintenance 
and operation brought to its attention by the 
Interstate Commerce Commission, the American 
Railroad Association, or from any proper source. 
It will establish cooperative relations with the 
Interstate Commerce Commission. Subordinate 
to the committee there will be local committees 
of executives at leading railroad centers, such as 
Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, St. 
Louis, Atlanta, etc. These local committees will 
seek to assure the largest measure of cooperation 
between the carriers in order that the best pos- 
sible public service may be obtained from the 

Pertinent discussion of this action, probably the most im- 
portant ever taken by the railroads of the United States, will 
be found on page Q of this issue. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Charles W. Galloway, Vice-President in Charge 
of Operation and Maintenance 

By Margaret Talbott Stevens 

IF I were an artist," said a young 
man who is employed as File 
Clerk in the office of the Vice- 
'resident, "I would draw the finest 
artoon that I could think of and 
ibel it The Man Behind the Gun; the 
un would represent the Baltimore 
nd Ohio Railroad Operating De- 
partment, the man, Mr. Galloway." 

Do you know of a finer appre- 
iation of an official than for one of 
lis own men to speak of him that 
/ay? And this clerk spoke not only 
or himself but for all who know 
Ax. Galloway, either personally or 
hrough business transactions. 
For generations the Galloway fam- 
y has been represented in the 
ervice of the Balti- 
more and Ohio; the 
tory of what it has 
ccomplished for the 
pbuildingof the Rail- 
Dad is familiar history 
d the Veterans, who 
laim Mr. Galloway as 
heir personal proper- 
y. Everybody knows 
hat he began his rail- 
Dad career early in life , 
ut does everybody . 
now just how young 
e was when he started 

"Fourteen!" answer 

dozen voices. 

No, you are all 
Tong, my friends; it 
•as long before that. 

When "Charlie" 
ialloway, as he is 
ffectionately called 
y thousands of his 
•iends on the Rail- 
Dad, was about five 
ears old, he spent 
mch of his time with 
is grandparents at 
andy Hook, which 
'as then the railroad 
irminal for the old 
larpers Ferry & Val- 
sy Railroad (now the 
henandoah Sub-divi- 
on of the Baltimore 
^vision), and the 
Washington County 

ranch, his grand- 
ither, JohnR. Smith, 
^ving charge of the 
'iops there. He was a 
iery inquisitive child, 

so inquisitive that he wanted to find 
out what the locomotives were made 
of and where the noise came from. 
His people had a difficult time trying 
to keep him off the railroad tracks. 
When he got a little older, he would 
frequently run away from home and 
hop on the engines around the ter- 
minals in Baltimore, if only to ride a 
short distance, just to ring the bell, 
and in this he found encouragement 
from many friendly engineers and 
firemen. He was a born railroader 
and had inherited the instincts of the 
locomotive engineer. 

Mr. Galloway's grandfather, Wil- 
liam Galloway, drove the first horse 
car between Baltimore and Iillicott's 

Charles W. Galloway, Vice-President in Charge of Operation and Maintenance 

Mills, then- became an engineer and 
served as such for 50 years. His 
father, Charles B. Galloway, fol- 
lowed the same occupation and was 
killed while serving as passenger 
locomotive engineer. His great- 
uncle, Christian Smith, on his 
mother's side, was the originator of 
the sand box for the locomotive. 
(This man lived to be 96 years old. 
Not long before his death he made 
a trip to Baltimore to attend the 
big celebration here, Home Coming 
Week, in 1907, but he insisted upon 
being taken back home on the same 
day, saying that he was afraid to be 
away from home at night.) 

At the age of fourteen, on the 
death of his father, 
Mr. Galloway became 
the head of the family. 
He was the eldest of six 
children and it was up 
to him to help provide 
for the others. As a 
messengerjboy he be- 
gan work in 1883 at 
$12.00 a month. 
Think of that! A 
small enough sum, as 
compared with the 
wages of messengers 
entering the service to- 
day and, even in those 
times of cheap living, 
quite inadequate for 
the Galloway family. 
So the breadwinner , 
was forced to get ad- 
ditional remuneration 
and this he did by 
securing employment 
as a newspaper carrier 
with a Mr. Webb Sny- 
der, who owned a route 
in the 'southwestern 
section of Baltimore, 
covering generally the 
territory surrounding 
our Mount Clare 

Mr. Galloway was 
then living at 457 W. 
Lombard Street and 
had to get up at two 
o'clock in the morn- 
ing and walk to the 
publication offices of 
the Baltimore Ameri- 
can, there being no 
street cars running at 
night. There he re- 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

ceived the one hundred and fifty 
papers for delivery on his route, 
folded them by hand and took them 
out to the section he covered, start- 
ing his delivery between four and 
five o'clock. His route started at 
the corner of Baltimore and Fremont 
Streets, thence north on Fremont 
to Fayette, to Carey, to Patterson 
Avenue, to Gilmor Street, thence to 
Ramsey Street and back on Popple- 
ton Street, ending up in the vicinity 
of our Mount Clare Shops. He was 
awakened by the rap of the chib of a 
friendly policeman on the wall of the 
home in which he lived, and during 
the four or five months he was per- 
forming this stiff job, in addition to 
the daily duties of messenger with the 
Railroad, the pcliceman never had 
to rap more than once. 

Mr. Snyder, who owned the route, 
lost his sight 23 years ago, but con- 
tinued to own the route for the 
Baltimore American until 1 9 1 1 , when 
he took a similar route with the 
Baltimore Sun. He recalls that he 
paid the newsboy handling this par- 
ticular route about $3 .co a week, the 
daily newspaper of that time being 
not larger than 6 or 8 pages. This 
extra remuneration was a welcome 
addition to the slender income of the 
Galloway family. 

Mr. Galloway recalls gratefully 
many of the rewards which seemed 
to come to him even in those early 
days, in return, it seemed, for the big 
responsibilities he shouldered and the 
manly way in which he carried them. 
One was the fact that the elder John 
T. Ford, a dominating figure in the 
theatrical world during Mr. Gallo- 
way's boyhood, had his home on this 
route, took an interest in the news- 
boy and each week left a pass for 
him for Ford's theatre. Another 
good friend was a baker. He, too. 
took an interest in the newsboy and 
left a pie each morning in the grating 
of the bakeshop basement window 
for him. Pie for early morning 
breakfast! But hard work agreed 
with the youthful railroader and in- 
digestion was never one of his worries. 

And yet, with all his work, he did 
not get enough railroading. In later 
years, many a time while working as 
messenger and clerk, he would spend 
the whole day in carrying messages 
(trolley cars were scarce then), and at 
night he would stay in the tower at 
Carrolls, helping the operator, "Mose" 
Mullinix, throw the switches, study- 
ing telegraphy and, incidentally, 
learning the job. 

A little later, he decided that if he 
could stay up at night to throw 
switches, he could stay up long 
enough to study shorthand. He 
bought himself a set of books — the 

Ben Pitman and the Pitman-Howard 
systems — and set out to teach him- 
self. After he had spent many a 
weary night, burning the midnight 
oil and applying himself laboriously to 
his studies, he came to the conclusion 
that he had got the "pot hooks" so 
mixed up with the "hangers" that it 
was necessary to enlist the services 
of a teacher to straighten out his 
tangles. After about two months, he 
dispensed with the teacher and fin- 
ished the course alone. He remem- 
bers many a time when his good 
mother came downstairs in the wee, 
sma' hours of the morning and found 
her boy asleep, his head resting on the 
table beside his books. 

At last he mastered the subject 
and sought a position in which he 
could use his recently acquired knowl- 
edge. You all know the rest of the 
story of how this young man climbed 
the ladder of success — from stenog- 
rapher to secretary, to trainmaster 
of the Baltimore Division, assistant 
superintendent to superintendent of 
the Cumberland Division, superin- 
tendent of the Baltimore Division, 
superintendent of transportation, 
general superintendent of transpor- 
tation, general superintendent of 
Southwestern Lines, general manager 
Baltimore and Ohio Lines East, vice- 
president of the Baltimoie and Ohio 
Southwestern Railroad and general 
manager of the Baltimore and Ohio 
Lines West, Federal manager, then 
vice-president of the Operating De- 
partment of the Baltimore and Ohio 
System: Is it any wonder that they 
call him a "Real Railroader?" 

A good conversationalist, of a 
warm and kindly disposition, pleasing 
in manner and appearance, Mr. Gallo- 
way has endeared himself to all of the 
"boys" on the Railroad, and to the 
"girls," too, for he has become one of 
our most popular officials. He has 
one hobby — the Railroad — and he 
rides it. Next to his family, he loves 
it best. Anything and everything 
about it interests him; he has spent 
many a vacation in seeking new ideas 
on other roads. He is not a club man, 
although he is a member of a number 
of clubs. He is an enthusiastic golfer 
and also has a regular course of exer- 
cises that he follows every, morning 
in order to keep himself physically 
fit. He does not believe in worrying, 
stewing, or fretting; he tries to hold a 
good opinion of everybody, for, as he 
says, he finds troubles enough with- 
out looking for them. 

"The successful railroad man," says 
Mr. Galloway, "is generally the man 
who starts at the bottom. I heartily 
believe in education; it is a splendid 
thing, but in our line of work it is ex- 
perience that counts. The man who 

would make something of himself must 
have enthusiasm, snap, push, vigor, en- 
ergy ;must concentrate histhoughts on 
his job rather than on the number of 
hours he may have to work. He can 
expect no returns unless he pays the 
price. And, remember this, a man 
cannot go sliding into an official's 
chair on influerca. Influence may 
help to get him started in a job, but he 
must do real, honest, earnest and 
enthusiastic work if he expects to 
keep it. He must make good use of 
his time while the other fellow is idle; 
he must keep his eye on the job ahead 
of him. Some day the other fellow 
will be promoted or may leave his job 
■ — and somebody is going to get it. The 
same theory applies to the women 
employes, whose work deserves much 
commendation; they, too, if they 
would gain success, must work for it. 

"My greatest pride is in the success 
of the Baltimore and Ohio: in trying 
to help make it a safe road, a good 
neighbor and a law-abiding citizen— 
for that is what a railroad ought to be — 
and a road that serves the public as well 
as it is possible for a railroad to do* 

"Here is a little rhyme that I 
picked up from a newspaper some- 
time ago; it appeals to me, for it 
expresses my sentiment: 

'Plan for more than you can do, 

Then do it, 
Bite off more than you can chew, 

Then chew it. 
Hitch your wagon *o a star, 
Keep your seat — 

and there 

y° u are! 1 
"Yes, I'm proud of Our Railroad 

They'll Need More Cars, 

All Right! 

"T'LL show you an economy of 
J_ 30 per cent.," said the effer- 
vescent one who had managed 
to get in through a window behind 
the chief clerk's desk. 

The "old man's" eyes twinkled over 
his glasses as he reached in the drawer 
of his desk and pulled out a memo- 

"This is a list of the economies that 
have been offered me by various good 
fellows in the last two weeks," said 
the S. M. P. "We'll add your prom- 
ise of 30 per cent." — and he added it 
up; it totaled about 429 per cent.! 

"That looks promising, doesn't it ?" 
he asked the hopeful one whose heart 
was in his mouth at the prospect of 
an order. "You know," concinued 
the "old man," "if we adopt all these 
devices, we will have to add an extra 
car to haul the coal they save!" 

— Railway Age. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 



The Miracle of Oil 

Modern Methods Save Waste Down to Last Drop 

From The Girard Letter 

Centered in the Philadelphia District are manufactories of a widely diversified character. Among the largest is 
The Atlantic Refining Company, the magnitude and scope of which is very interestingly presented in the following article 
reprinted from the June "Girard Letter," a publication of the Girard Trust Company of Philadelphia. 

The plant is in what is known as the Point Breeze section of the city and is divided into two units — the Philadelphia 
Works and the Atlantic Works. The Philadelphia Works are served by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad, and we obtain access to the Atlantic Works under the South Philadelphia Improvement Agreement. 
At the Philadelphia Works, the Baltimore and Ohio performs all switching service for both roads, and as illustrative of 
the volume of business handled, this occupies the entire time of two switching crews. The plant handles an average of 
350 to 400 cars daily. And this is exclusive of the principal raw material (crude oil), which, as explained in the article, 
is pumped in through pipe lines from distant fields. 

To provide for the efficient handling of their extensive shipping, The Atlantic Refining Company maintains as part 
of their organization a Traffic Department, under the management of Mr. E. H. Porter, as Traffic Manager, ami this 
unit, responsible for the production of "transportation," is quite an essential link in the chain to prevent "even the odor 
of the petroleum" getting away. — C. H. Pumphrey, District Freight Agent. 

THE great difference between 
American manufacturing and 
the manufacturing in other 
countries is that here we use every 
conceivable machine and tool to 
increase output. Nowhere else does 
money aid labor so prodigiously in 
production as it does in the United 

So, wherever you find a mill or fac- 
tory which more nearly than the aver- 
age one reaches a state of mechanical 
perfection, it is worth study. 

Among its more than ten thousand 
industries, Philadelphia has but few 
which can be compared in this re- 
spect to The Atlantic Refining Com- 

In that plant, wherever a dollar can 
save a human muscle, it does it. 

Armour said that nothing but the 
squeal of the pig escaped in his 
slaughter houses. In the 700-acre 
plant of The Atlantic Refining Com- 
pany, not even the odor of the petro- 
leum gets away. 

It is one of the largest refineries of 
crude oil in the world and yet most of 
our people know nothing about it. 

In five hours The Atlantic Com- 
pany could distill every quart of oil 
which poured out of Pennsylvania's 
first gusher during the entire first 
year of its pioneer history. 

The romance of petroleum has been 
one of the classic chapters in Amer- 
ica's rise to industrial supremacy, but 
nothing which a spectacular "Coal 
Oil Johnnie" ever did matches many 
of the wizard things done in the way 
of extracting from oil a hundred dif- 
ferent products. 


Pennsylvania first put the United 
States on the petroleum map and Oil 
Creek in this State was the scene of 
the world's first great well. That 
began to gush 61 years ago this 

summer. But petroleum is no new 

Herodotus wrote about the oil pits 
near Babylon, and Pliny described 
how the Sicilians, a couple of thou- 
sand years ago, used oil lamps. 

Plutarch mentions "pitch springs" 
and ancient Japanese literature refers 
to "burning water." 

Before America was discovered, 
Marco Polo, the first globe trotter, 
visited the "oil springs" at Baku, now 
one of the premier oil fields of the 
world. And more than four cen- 
turies ago, Sir Walter Raleigh made 
the first mention of American petro- 
leum when describing that famous 
Trinidad "pitch lake." 

Indeed, before the French and 
Indian War, Peter Kalm had located 
on a map of America the Pennsyl- 
vania oil field. But it was more than 
a hundred years after that, or in 
August. 1859, that E. L. Drake bored 
along Oil Creek and shot the initial 
oil well in America. 

As wells now go, it was small pota- 
toes and ran but 2 5 barrels a day, but 
it was quite enough to startle the 
country and the world. Drake's 
discovery not only charted a hitherto 
unsuspected realm of natural wealth 
underlying our country, but it neces- 
sitated an entirely new industry 
which has now grown to stupendous 
dimensions — the refining of petro- 
leum and the manufacture of a vast 
number of incidental by-products. 

It was in the domain of refining oil, 
not in owning the wells, that the 
Standard Oil Company long ago 
reached that pinnacle of commercial 
eminence which made its very name 
the synonym for industrial success. 
* * * * * * * 

The richness of that original Penn- 
sylvania oil field has been surpassed 
by others since discovered, but for a 

decade it was virtually the only one 
in this country. 

At the end of ten years, Ameri- 
ca's output of petroleum was only 
4,000,000 barrels, but that seemed a 
gigantic production. 

The second decade's output multi- 
plied the first one nearly five times 
and that again was doubled in the 
third decade. But even up to the 
Spanish-American War, the United 
States got only 50,000,000 barrels of 
oil u year. 

By the time Taft became President 
in 1908, the amount had jumped to 
178,000,000 barrels and as new fields 
have come in the output has con- 
tinued to climb to higher totals. (In 
1919 United States production was 
377,000,000 barrels.) 

As it pours from the earth, petro- 
leum is a thick, blackish fluid and for 
years the only thing worth while 
which the refiners could get from it 
was kerosene. Today, that is a by- 

The automobile has made such a 
colossal demand for a new fuel called 
gasoline that it has become the big- 
gest one thing which the refiners are 
able to extract from -petroleum. But 
it is because of the wide variety of 
seemingly unrelated products which 
can be made from the crude oil that 
the art of refining has become one of 
the most interesting industries on 

A visit to The Atlantic Refining 
Company's plant is a round of eye 
openers and a succession of surprises. 
The bigness of the works, and the 
astonishing things which are clone 
there besides refining oil are dazzling. 

There are more than a thousand 
oil tanks. From two big pipes flow 
unceasing streams of black fluid, 
much of it having come from far off 
Oklahoma, a distance of some 1.300 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

The J. W. Van Dyke, one of the first turbine tankers, with a capacity of 
77,000 barrels, was launched at San Francisco November 
26, 1916. It is now used in trans-Atlantic service 

miles. Some of the oil delivered into 
these Philadelphia pipes travels by 
pipe line a distance of about 1,700 

It takes about a month for a barrel 
of oil to run through a pipe from the 
Oklahoma field to Philadelphia and it 
is pushed along the way by some 25 
different pumping stations. 

The Atlantic Refining Company 
handles 45,000 barrels of crude oil 
every' day . 

It comes in through those pipes a 
greasy, viscous fluid, but it goes out 
of the plant in actually a thousand 
different varieties from snow-white 
paraffin to jet-black coke and from 
shiploads of kerosene to millions of 
wax candles. 

Once a part of the mighty Standard 
Oil Company, The Atlantic Refining 
Company is now operated wholly as 
an independent unit. And those who 
think the separation is a mere finan- 
cial camouflage would be disillusioned 
were they to learn of the keen rivalry 
and competition that exists between 
the various refining companies. 

"Get business" is the order of the 
day at Point Breeze, and from Presi- 
dent Van Dyke down to the truck 
drivers the order is obeyed. 

Nowhere can be found a more self- 
sufficient and self-sustaining indus- 
trial plant. No American industry 
carries on a more far-flung trade than 
The Atlantic Refining Company. 

It owns a fleet of fine steamers and 
chaiters many others which carry its 
output to every corner of the globe. 

Part of the refined oil is shipped 
away in five-gallon tin cans. But 
does The Atlantic Refining Company 
buy them? Not much. It makes 
48,000 cans a day in its own factory. 

To carry the cans, 24,000 wooden 
boxes are needed and that many 
boxes are turned out daily in another 
factory within that great enclosure. 

Right there in those 
two departments, 
mossback manufac- 
turers might learn a 
useful lesson. Labor- 
saving machinery is 
developed to a high 

The tin cans solder 
themselves together 
and the wooden boxes 
are nailed by auto- 
matic hammerers and 
stenciled by self- 
operating printing 

Barrels by the thou- 
sands are made in still 
another plant. The 
company has made 
autotrucks and even builds its own 
barges and floats. 

There are some 250 stills in which 
the petroleum is converted from the 
crude to various forms of refined oil. 

A little more than a fifth of the 
bulk goes into gasoline. 

There are hundreds of different 
kinds of lubricating oils made by 
The Atlantic Refining Company and 
about 500,000 pounds of giease is 
another valuable by-product which 
was once poured down the waste 
pipes as a thing of no marketable 

Today, you could carry away in a 
tin cup all the oil that escapes in a day 
from that 700-acre field of activity. 
Should a bit of oil appear floating out 
upon the Schuylkill, it would be im- 
mediately salvaged. 

Everywhere the fact that nothing 
escapes is impressed upon the visitor. 
All over the plant run drain pipes 
which connect with every spot where 
oil is handled and from the mouth of 
these pipes there are gathered some 
300 barrels of oil daily, which other- 
wise might be wasted. 

The extreme care to 
let nothing get away is 
decidedly impressive 
and stimulating. It is 
thrift on a big scale 
and is one of the se- 
crets of the Atlantic's 
immense financial 

System and order 
are developed to the 
top degree. There is 
a premium on brains 
in the plant, which is 
encouraging to the 
6,000 employes. 

After seeing the in- 
side of the wax works 

down at Point Breeze, you are con- 
vinced there will never be a shortage 
of candles for birthday cakes. 

They make about 5,600,000 
candles in a month. There is a limit- 
less demand for the paraffin products 
of petroleum and that is one of the 
most interesting departments of the 
great plant. 

The wax comes out white as milk 
and is cut into cakes two feet long, a ' 
foot wide and two inches thick. An 
official of the company has just in- 
vented a new way for cooling the wax 
by floating it around a big room in 
troughs of cold water. 

"Got the idea," he said, "from 
watching tooth paste come out of a 
tube in a nice ribbon. So we rigged 
up a machine from which the wax 
is squeezed out in an endless ribbon 
and is cut in the proper lengths 
and then floats away in the cooling 

Another and splendid example of 
labor saving at the expenditure of the 

But the human side of the Atlantic 
is not neglected. The company has 
introduced a first rate pension system 
and death benefit plan for its em- 
ployes. There is quite an army of 
men, say 250 or more, who have 
worked there for more than 25 years. 

Big and busy as lhe Atlantic Re- 
fining Company is, it will be 50 per 
cent, larger in the near future. There 
aie few refineries in the world that 
equal its capacity of 45,000 barrels a 
day, which it is planning to increase 
to 60,000 barrels daily. 

To keep the wheels in motion, 2,000 
tons of coal are consumed daily and 
20,000 boiler horse -power is re- 

You hardly expect to extract from 
oil a substance that looks, feels and 
burns like ordinary coke, but they do 

A section of the barrel filling room 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


it. This coke is used chiefly for the 
.manufacture of electric carbons. 

You scarcely think of coopering as a 
part of oil refining, tut the Atlantic turns 
out thousands of big barrels a day. 

If you were to ask why this com- 
pany should be singled out for special 
notice, the reply would be : Because it 
points the way to all manufacturers 
to a system of utilizing every ounce of 

raw material to get the most out of it 
and has developed, to an amazing 
degree, labor-saving devices which 
cheapen production and increase 

Appointment of Powerful Committee of Nine to 
Handle Car Distribution a Far-reaching Step 
Toward Perfecting Transportation Service 

THE appointment by the Asso- 
ciation of American Railway 
Executives of the Advisory 
Committee of Nine, with President 
Willard as its chairman, to handle 
!car distribution, as set forth on page 
4 of this issue, is a move of far-reach- 
ing importance and possibilities in 
American Rail Transportation. This 
action, taken by unanimous consent 
jof 75 roads, will place car distribution 
'in the hands of this committee or its 
representatives, with absolute power, 
under approval of the Interstate 
Commerce Commission, to distribute 
cars on American railroads. 

Full administrative offices will be 
established, probably in Washington, 
with a former railroad president act- 
ing as chief operating official. 

What Action Means 

A leading railroad man of Balti- 
more, who is familiar with the situa- 
tion facing the railroads and leading 
up to the appointment of the Com- 
mittee of Nine, said in the Baltimore 
Star of July 2, in this connection: 

"Before the great war, as the ques- 
tion was raised subsequently, there 
was a doubt as to whether the Ameri- 
can railroads were adequatelymeeting 
transportation problems. Whether 
this was true or not, when the war 
came it was necessary in order to 
advance war preparations and the 
delivery of war supplies to tremen- 
dously upset the existing order of 
things and the War Labor Board, 
followed later by the Railroad Ad- 
ministration, created order after order 
as to priority, embargo and general 
preferential treatment, which had the 
!effect of stopping or curtailing par- 
ticular lines of shipments, such as 
building material, road construction, 
material, etc., and, at the same time, 
caring for a greater volume of trans- 
portation along other absolutely es- 
sential lines. 

Great Deterioration 

"I am not criticising the govern- 
ment war operating agencies when I 

say that in the 26 months of govern- 
ment war control there was less roll- 
ing stock for freight and less motive 
power added to the American roads 
than was usually the case in an or- 
dinary 1 2 -month period under prewar 

"During the 26 months, also, there 
was practically no passenger service 
added to take the place of deterio- 
rated and discarded cars. Also, dur- 
ing the war period, the extra strain on 
rolling stock, added to the fact that 
the same amount of effort in repair 
was not expended as was the case in 
peace days, made toward a greatly 
increased deterioration and brought 
about a badly stricken national sys- 
tem of raih oads for efficient operation 
when the day of returning to private 
ownership came. 

"Again I want to say I am not 
criticizing — war emergencies may 
have made this a necessity. 

"Under these and numerous other 
serious problems, both financial and 
constructive, of the reconstruction 
period following the war, the railroads 
have struggled more or less as individ- 
ual units, although under Interstate 
Commerce control, to reach a nor- 
mal basis. The fact has been forced 
home that under a decreased trans- 
portation capacity, as created from 
conditions outlined above, and an in- 
creased production period for the 
country as a whole, as compared 
with production before the war, 
the railroads must find some other 
method than that of individual con- 
trol, even under Interstate Commerce 
Commission direction, to adequately 
meet the situation until extra cars 
and locomotives can be added. It 
takes months to build new rolling 
stock and repair old cars and loco- 
motives, especially when every car 
and engine that can be used at all 
must be kept in service to meet the 
emergency of the hour. 

"I am convinced that if private 
ownership is to be maintained, the 
railroads must act for the national 

common good as against any local or 
sectional efficiency system, and that 
is the purpose of the naming of the 
Advisory Committee of Nine. The 
Interstate Commerce Commission 
will, of course, under the law, retain 
its rights of general direction, such as 
priority, as in the case of specific 
orders for delivery of fuel, etc. 
The advisory committee, however, 
through direct touch and cooperation 
of all the railroads, will be in the 
position to act quickly for relief of 
any particular congestion, or to re- 
commend sweeping action by the 
Interstate Commerce Commission to 
brin rr about such relief. 

"I or instance, the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission has ordered a 
priority on coal movements, and this 
is an absolute necessity, especially in 
view of the recent 'outlaw' strikes on 
the railroads, which have come close 
to causing industrial shutdowns and 
general business stagnation. The 
advisory committee will be in posi- 
tion to at once see that the orders of 
the Interstate Commerce Commis- 
sion are effectively carried out. 
Again, for instance, today an appeal 
came from a melon growing dis- 
trict of the South, stating the 
crop there would spoil unless cars 
were quickly furnished. The advi- 
ory committee will see that the cars 
are furnished in proportion to the 
true justice of the demand and irre- 
spective of individual railroad ideas 
of car distribution, no matter from 
what roads the necessary cars are 

"You can thus see what a tremen- 
dous step has been taken when 75 of 
the great railroad systems of the 
country agree to abide by the deci- 
sions of an advisory committee in 
central location which will consider 
and act upon all questions of trans- 
portation distribution. To my mind, 
a vital step in the right direction has 
been taken by the American railroads 
for efficient operation under private 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

In His Father's Stead 

By Charles Wesley Sanders 

WARNER found the Chief's 
door open. He walked 
through it and up to the 
Chief's desk. His manner was almost 
truculent and his eyes held a cold, 
hard look. The Chief leisurely 
finished what he was doing and then 
he looked up. 

"Ah, Warner," he said. 
Warner said nothing for the mo- 
ment. He felt his resentment against 
this big man, with the calm, assured 
manner, growing stronger. The five 
years which had passed since they 
had last met had touched the Chief 
lightly, Warner saw. His hair was 
perhaps a litt e grayer, the wrinkles 
about his eyes a little more pronoun- 
ced, but, in spite of his 50 years, he 
was far from being an old man. 
Damn him, thought Warner, life had 
treated him royally, giving him of its 
best, while Warner had been through 
the mill of hard experience. 

"Well," said Warner, "I'm back. 
I told you I would come back." 

"I see you're back," the Chief said 
noncommittally . 

"I want to talk to you privately," 
Warner said. "I thought you'd be 
quitting about now. Maybe you can 
dine with me. We could talk then." 

Warner's tone was not such as a 
man uses when he invites another 
man to dine with him. There was 
hostility in it instead of hospitality. 
The tone might have given the Chief 
grounds for declining the invitation, 
but he only turned back to his work, 
saying, "Have a seat, Warner. I'll 
be through in a minute. Then I'll be 
at your service." 

Warner sat down in a chair some 
distance from the desk. He was 
rather taken aback. Certainly the 
Chief must know what his errand 
was. He had expected the Chief to 
show anger on his own part; instead, 
he was, as Warner phrased it, as cool 
as a cucumber. 

Anybody 'd think that Warner had 
stepped out of the office for five 
minutes instead of having been gone 
for five years. Why, the Chief hadn't 
even sized him up. He hadn't scru- 
tinized him to see whether he was 
prosperous or otherwise. For all the 
Chief seemed to care, Warner might 
have been a ragged, broken boomer 
drifting in to plead for a small loan. 
But the Chief had always been like 
that. He was a human icicle, caring 
for no one but himself. Well, Warner 
would show him. He had traveled 
nearly a thousand miles to show him. 

After a while the Chief rose from 
his desk, put on his hat and coat and 
turned to the younger man. 

"Where do you want to go?'" he 

"We'll go to the Harrington Hotel," 
Warner said. 
"All right." 

Warner had eyed the Chief closely 
when he had said this; he had ex- 
pected the Chief to show surprise that 
Warner was able to afford two dinners 
at the Harrington. It was a new 
hotel, built since Warner had gone 
away. Its specialty was to serve as 
little food as possible for as high a 
price as could be charged. The Chief 
must know that Warner was well 
stipplied with money, and yet he had 
coolly said "all right." 

They walked the five blocks to the 
hotel in silence. It was a sullen 
silence on Warner's part. He had 
failed initially to get "the rise" out of 
the Chief which he had expected to 
get. On the Chief's part it was a 
cheerful silence. He nodded and 
smiled when he met a friend or 

"Same old bunk," said Warner to 
himself. "If they knew him as well 
as I know him, they'd see he's as 
crooked as a dog's hind leg. His 
cheerfulness is only to cover him up." 

During the meal Warner's sullen- 
ness increased and the Chief's cheer- 
fulness grew. He ate heartily, and 
lighted and puffed a good cigar con- 
tentedly when the meal was done. 
He was looking at his cigar out of 
narrowed eyes when Warner pulled 
out a roll to pay the check. He 
didn't seem to notice the roll at all. 

Warner took his own cigar out of 
his mouth when the waiter had with- 
drawn. He leaned across the table 
to the older man. 

"Graves," he said, in a low, tense 
voice, "I've traveled nearly a thous- 
and miles to meet you face to face." 

"So?" said the Chief, flicking the 
ash from his cigar. "That's quite a 
little trip just to see me." 

Warner's anger came to white heat. 

"And I've traveled that far to tell 
you to go to the devil," he gritted. 
"You interfered with me once. If 
you do it again, so help me high 
Heaven, old as you are, I'll punch 
your face." 

"I'm not so old," said Graves 
equably. "Just how was it I inter- 
fered with you?" 

"As if you didn't know," said War- 
ner in so loud a voice that the guests 

at a nearby table turned to look at | 

"Well," the Chief said in his easy 
tone, "it was five years ago,Warner. 
I've been pretty busy. I remember I 
discharged you. But the details are 
a bit hazy. You might refresh my 

"I'll refresh it," Warner declared. 
"That's what I'm here for. I learned 
telegraphy on vour railroad, didn't , 

The Chief nodded. 

"I learned it as fast as anybody you 
ever knew learned it," Warner wentj 1 
on . " You gave me a j ob . You let me 1 
work for three months and then youl 
fired me. Not only that but you had L 
the 'dicks' looking me over. My work L 
was all right but you didn't give me a . 
chance. You wouldn't be square 
with me. My father — " 

"Yes, I remember vour father 
well," Graves interrupted. "He and [ 
I were good friends. He started firing 
about the time I took my first 'OS' 
job. That was a good many years 
ago. He got an engine when I went 
up into the dispatcher's office. But 
we saw a good deal of each other even 
after that. Nothing ever came be- 
tween us till he died." 

"Yes, and when he died, what did 
you promise him?" Warner said | 
thickly, for this was as great a griev- j 
ance as he had against Graves. 

"He sent for me," Graves said. 
"He asked me if I wouldn't look out 
for his son a little. He said you were 
a good boy but that you liked your 
fun. I told him I'd do what I could 
for you." 

"Yes, and you did it!" Warner 
scoffed. "You certainly did it ! You 
called me into your office and tied a 
can to me. You told me not to see 
your daughter again, not to write to 
her. Well, I just said to myself that 
I would see her once before I went 
away. I did, too. She said she'd 
wait for me. And I think she has. 
Five years ! And never a word, never 
a line. A man who can wait like that 
has some good stuff in him, hasn't he, 

"Well, what has all this to do with 
me?" Graves asked, with a hint of a 
smile in his eyes. 

"Nothing, absolutely nothing. I'm 
just serving notice on you that you're : , 
not to butt in on my business." 

"You didn't bring me here just to 
tell me that," Graves said. 

"Didn't I? Why did I then?" 

Graves squared away at the table 
and leaned across it as Warner was 

"I'll tell you why you brought me 
here," he said, and his tone had a 
quality of sternness in it which many 
men knew well. "You brought me 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

1 1 

here to show off. You brought me 
here to show me that you had a roll 
of money. I'd already noticed your 
good clothes, though I didn't seem 
to. You've got a prosperous air. 
Apparently you've landed a good job 
somewhere. What is it?" 

"I'm night chief on the Oregon and 
Western," said Warner. 

It was his big moment, but some- 
how it didn't seem to come up to 
his expectations. His announcement 
seemed to fall flat. The Chief was 
looking at the end of his cigar again. 
When he spoke he reverted to the 
older happening. 

"When I gave you the night job at 
Oldham I kept my eye on you from 
the start," he said. "I kept asking 
the third trick dispatcher how you 
were making it. At first you were 
right on the job. Then one morning 
a month or two after you started I 

was told that the dispatcher had had 
to put out an order at another station 
because he couldn't raise you toward 
morning. I don't deny that I had you 
looked up. Why shouldn't I ? That's 
part of my business. I found you 
were pounding your ear now and then. 
You weren't getting enough sleep 
daytimes. I couldn't stand for that, 
could I ? The Company wasn't pay- 
ing you to trot around daytimes and 
look at the scenery. It was paying 
you to rest so that you'd be Johnny- 
Wide- A wake at night. That so?" 

"That's so," Warner assented. 
"But you know damned well that if 
you had called me on the carpet and 
had given me a bit of fatherly advice ; 
if you had been a father to me as 
you promised my 'dad' you would 
be, I'd have braced up. I suppose I 
was the first operator that ever slept 
on duty in your experience." 

"Graves," he said, as he leaned across the table, "I've traveled nearly a thousand miles to 

meet you face to face" 

"No-o," Graves conceded. "And 
I'll go further than that; I'll say that 
I haven't fired every operator that 
pounded his ear a bit. I don't coun- 
tenance it — no man does if he knows 
his job — but I was rather more severe 
with you than I would have been if 
the circumstances had been other- 

"Sure!" said Warner. "That's the 
point I'm making. You had prom- 
ised my father, when he lay dying, 
that you would give me a square 
shake. You didn't. Why, you 
didn't give me as square a shake as 
you would have given an entire 
stranger. That right?" 

"That," said Graves, "is perfectly 
right. And I'll add something to it: 
I said to myself, when I sent you to 
that office, that I would fire you the 
very first time I got anything on you." 

Anger seemed to lie hot between 
the two men now. Graves' tone had 
been angry. Warner could not see 
that there was a twinkle in his eyes. 

"And the reason you fired me was 
because you knew that your daughter 
and I planned some day to marry." 
Warner gritted. "You knew we had 
been sweethearts ever since we had 
been in school. You fired me on your 
daughter's account. You wanted to 
part us. You started in this business 
just exactly as I started. Yet you 
thought I wasn't good enough for 
your daughter." 

' ' I admit I fired you on my daugh- 
ter's account," Graves said. "I in- 
tended to protect her. I wasn't 
going to have her hooking up with a 
man that wouldn't give the road the 
best there was in him. And that's 
all there was to that." 

There! Wamer had made ri%i 
confess. Now to the climax. He got 
to his feet. 

"No, you needn't come with me. 
Graves," he said harshly. "You can 
stay here or go wherever vou damned 
please. I'm going up to your house. 
I'm going to see your daughter. I'm 
going to ask her t»>. many me. I 
know she'll do it. I know she's been 
waiting for me. I'm as good a man 
as you are. Comparatively, I've got 
as good a job. It's a better job than 
you had when you married Grace's 
mother. If you interfere with me — 
well, you'd better not!" 

Graves did not look as if he were 
going to interfere with him or with 
anybody else. He had taken another 
cigar from his pocket and was lighting 
it. Warner grinned sardonically. He 
thought he had bluffed the Chief. It 
had been easier than he had expected. 
He started to walk away from the 

"By the way, Warner," Graves 
called after him. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Warner came back. Graves was 
again annoyingly looking at the burn- 
ing end of his cigar. 

"How's Jack Hedges getting along 
out there?" Graves asked. 

"My Chief?" Warner wondered. 

"Your Chief," Graves assented. 

"Why, he's getting along fine," 
Warner said. "He's the best friend 
I have in the world. A squarer, better 
man never lived. You know him?" 

"Urn, slightly," Graves answered. 
"He and I pounded brass together 
years ago. I- — " 

"No, you don't," Warner inter- 
rupted. "I see what you're up to. 
You think you'll get me to talking 
about Hedges and then you'll hand 
me some salve and turn me away 
from what I came here for — to see 
your daughter. But it won't work. 
Nothing'll work. You can't wheedle 
me. You can't bluff me. I'm on my 
way. By the time you get up to the 
house I'll have seen Grace and fixed 
things with her. She won't listen to 
any argument you put up. We'll 
marry in spite of you." 

He" wheeled and went definitely 
away from Graves. The Chief sat 
there alone at the table for a long 
time, smoking, his head bent, the 
look which memory brings in his eyes. 

He thought of his own marriage, 
when he had had only an "OS" job. 
He thought of the death of his wife 
after five years of such happiness as 
few men know. He thought of War- 
ner's father dying. He recalled the 
promise he had made Warner. 

"And I reckon," he murmured to 
himself, "I kept that promise better 
than the boy knows." 

In thirty minutes he arose and went 
out of the hotel. He walked home 
under the summer stars. His head 
was bent. There was a look of sad- 
ness in his eyes. He was like a man 
who gazes upon scenes long past. 
It was a moving picture of life. Sad 
scenes there were and glad scenes; 
scenes to warm a man's heart or to 
fill it with a longing which, for him, 
could never be satisfied. 

"Life is like that," he said to him- 
self as he opened his front door. "I 
hope there is more of joy than sad- 
ness in it for these two." 

He went noiselessly into the hall. 
At his left was a curtained door. He 
put the curtains aside and stood in the 
doorway. Warner and his daughter 
were sitting at the opposite side of the 
room. They got to their feet quickly, 
the girl a little confused, the man 

"Hello, Grace," said Graves and 
there was a twinkle in his eyes, "got 
your beau back, have you?" 

They stared at him blankly. There 
was no mistaking the fact that he was 

no longer opposing them. The girl 
took a step toward him. 

"I'll be back in a minute," he said. 
"I don't want to intrude, but I've 
got a letter upstairs that I want to 
show to this youngster. Maybe it 
will enlighten him." 

He went upstairs and took an en- 
velope out of the drawer of his desk. 
From the envelope he took out a 
sheet of tissue paper. It was a copy 
of a letter he had written five years 
ago. He smoothed it out and 

"Dear Jack — I want you to do a 
little favor for me. A youngster 
named Henry Warner is headed out 
your way, looking for a job. In fact, 
I am heading him your way. I want 
him to fall into your tender clutches. 
I've just fired him for pounding his ear 
on duty. Nothing serious, but a bad 
beginning. I'm interested in him be- 
cause he has the nerve to want to 
marry my daughter. I don't suppose 
I can stop him even if I wanted to. 
When I fired him, I relieved one of my 
best men. Warner doesn't know him 
and he will fall in with Warner and 

ANY additional train service not 
only affords new traveling ad- 
vantages for our patrons, but 
also establishes a prestige for our 
Railroad and furnishes interesting 
points of conversation for its em- 

With the Summer Schedule of the 
Baltimore and Ohio, effective June 13 , 
a new sleeping car line was ertab- 
lished between Washington, D. C, 
and Detroit, Mich., via Pittsburgh, 
New Castle, Youngstown, Akron, 
Deshler and Toledo over our own 
rails, thence to Detroit over the Pere 

The through cars westbound are 
attached to No. 5, the "Chicago 
Limited," leaving Washington at 
1.35 p. m., arriving at Toledo at 
5.10 a. m., and at Detroit at 7.25 
a. m. Eastbound, the cars leave 
Detroit at 12.10 p. m., Toledo at 2.15 
p. m., arriving at Washington, D. C, 
at 9.00 a. m., on the "Chicago Spe- 
cial," No. 8. 

The cars will enter and depart from 
Detroit at Fort Street Station, lo- 
cated in the very heart of the business 
and hotel district. 

The establishment of this line of 
sleepers was deferred for some time 
until the train service could be so ad- 

tell him there are plenty of jobs on 
your road. When you place him, 
watch him like a hawk for my sake. 
Let him understand that at the first 
slip he'll be fired. He wouldn't lose 
this second job for all the gold in the 
western hills. I think it'll make a 
man of him. I've got to make a man 
of him, Jack, for two reasons: I don't 
want to break my daughter's heart, 
and I must keep a promise I made to 
his father. Let me know how things J 
turn out. 


Thomas Graves." 

The letter was addressed to Mr. 
John Hedges. 

Graves went downstairs with the 
tissue paper in his hand. 

"I guess he won't be so high-and- 
mighty when he reads this," he 
chuckled to himself. "If he is I'll 
just show him all the letters I've had 
from Jack, tipping me off as to how he 
was getting along. He broke the news 
that he was night chief as if he thought 
I would drop dead. As if I didn't 
know about it the very first night he 
sat in on the job!" 

justed as to afford the very best 
service through the cities named. It 
will be a boon to dealers in auto- 
mobiles and in automobile accesso- 
ries, rubber goods, etc., and will be a 
direct line from the great automobile 
manufacturing centers to the dis- 
tributing cities of Baltimore, Wash- 
ington, Richmond, Norfolk and the 

An additional line of sleepers was 
established at the same time between 
Pittsburgh and Detroit, leaving 
Pittsburgh on No: 15 at 6.45 p. m., 
New Castle at 8.45 p. m., Youngs- 
town at 9.15 p. m., Akron at 10.50 
p. m., arriving at Toledo at 5.10 a. m. 
and at Detroit at 7.25 a. m. Re- 
turning, leaving Detroit on Train 
No. 16 at 10.15 P- m -i Toledo at 
12.15 midnight, arriving at Akron at 
8.15 a. m., Youngstown at 9.45 a. m., 
New Castle at 10.24 a. m., and Pitts- 
burgh at 12.30 noon. 

"Our Passengers are Our Guests." 

Colonel Emerson's Story 

The conclusion of the story 
"Through Soviet Russia with the 
Czecho-Slovaks," by Colonel George 
H. Emerson, Chief of Motive Power, 
will appear in our August number. 

Through Sleeping Car Service Between 
Washington and Detroit 

Have You Told Your Friends? 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Opportunity! Is It as Big as Ever 
for the Railroad Man? 

By C. W. Galloway 
Vice-President, Operation and Maintenance 

OPPORTUNITY ! Is it as big as 
ever for the railroad man? — 
Bigger, better and more numer- 
ous. That is my answer. BUT — 
there are a lesser number of men, 
unfortunately, who hold themselves 
in a state of preparedness to grasp 
Mr. Opportunity by the hand when 
he honors them with a visit — and 
hold him. For, in order to hold him 
you've got to be deserving of his 
friendship and favor, and as he is a 
very sagacious old gentleman you 
can't fool him. He can sight or nose 
a camouflage a mile away. 

When one expects a guest one 
makes due and decent preparation for 
his reception and entertainment. 
Now Mr. Opportunity is a guest, one 
who means much, very much, to you. 
He ought to be more than welcome. 
He is the rich old ivncle. Your future 
well-being, your contentment and 
happiness, your place in the world, 
depend upon the reception that you 
accord to him, the preparations you 
have made for him in your house. 
The contents of that house will deter- 
mine his future relations with you 
and gauge the length of his stay. He 
doesn't care a finger snap about gim- 
cracks and gewgaws, for he is a 
practical old fellow; but he delights 
in the well ordered and the practical. 
I don't mean to imply that he objects 
to beautiful things in your house. He 
doesn't. He not only admires, but 
awards to them a very decided, a high 
value in the arrangement of his 
scheme of life. In doing this he is 
simply following the example of a 
Higher Power, Who peoples His soil 
with poppies as well as potatoes. 
But like the Lord, Mr. Opportunity 
cares not a fig for gewgaws. 

Dropping the figurative, let me re- 
peat that there are more and greater 
opportunities today than ever before. 
There is always room at the top, and 
there always will be. But no man 
can attain to the upper rung or any 
other rung, head-high, if he merely 
stands at the ladder's foot and gazes 
up at the top, as though he were in a 
state of stupefaction, beholding Jacob 
ascending through the clouds of 
Heaven and vanishing into the invisi- 
ble and impenetrable Beyond. 

He's got to climb himself. He's 
got to endure the heat and sweat of 
the day, and betimes, too, he's got to 
bum the midnight oil, and then some. 

The young railroad man (and this 
applies to every other vocation) — 
whether he be employed on the line, 
in the shop, on the station platform, 
at a draftsman's table or a clerk's 
desk, — in order to succeed, must have 
will, determination and vision, pur- 
pose and plan. He should have 
charted in his mind the line of posi- 
tions stepping upwards along the line 
from his own place, his own rung on 
the ladder, clear on to the Presi- 
dent's chair. Of course, we can't all 
be Presidents, but the ambition 
neither hurts nor hinders ; on the con- 
trary, it's a big help. His campaign 
for promotion must embrace acquisi- 
tion of knowledge and information 
of, and a thorough familiarity with 
the duties, not only of the position he 
now holds, but of the position next 
above and the one next above that 
again, together with the cultivation 
of self-reliance and self-confidence. 
These latter are the more readily 
acquired, and insensibly come of 
themselves in the practice of the 
simple plan outlined above. In 
other words, when a vacancy occurs 
in the class just ahead he must be 
competent and ready to move up 
and fill it satisfactorily. 

I cannot too strongly dwell upon 
the importance of possessing self-con- 
fidence, absence of timidity. Please 
differentiate between what is com- 
monly called "cheek" and self-con- 
fidence. The one is offensive and 
repellant; the other is pleasing and 
attractive, and of itself induces and 
begets confidence and trust in those 
with whom it is brought in contact. 
Self-confidence is born of and is syn- 
onymous with possession of positive 
knowledge, which can be imparted with 
promptness and stated with a direct- 
ness and certainty which cannot be 
refuted or successfully attacked. He 
who is so fortified is invulnerable 
and his progress cannot be stopped. 
Remember what old General Dumou- 
riez reported to the Council at Paris 
after the young Corsican stripling, 
Napoleon, had driven the English 
out of Toulon: "Promote him or he 
will promote himself." 

Set down as unworthy that young 
man who rails, as many do, at the 
lack of opportunities for advancement 
today as compared with 25 years ago. 
So many men do not get ahead be- 
cause thev are utterlv indolent do- 

nothings; and this curse of sloth is 
apparently on the increase, concur- 
rent with the constant effort toward 
reduction of work-day lengths. Some 
of these whiners remind me of the 
fellow who won the prize for laziness. 
Lying in the sun with other sluggards, 
he told the seeker after a horrible 
example, to put the dollar prize in 
his pocket, as he didn't want to un- 
dergo the exertion of rolling over 
or changing positions to do it him- 
self. Like this sluggard, their con- 
ception of opportunity is that it be 
thrust into their hands with a cop- 
per riveted guarantee that their for- 
tune shall be made without effort on 
their part. 

OPPORTUNITY is enlarged in 
any avocation in degree with the 
growth and expansion of its business. 
The greater the business, the greater 
the opportunities for the advance- 
ment of the individual. In this year 
of 1920 the railroads comprise a 
■astly more expanded and important 
transportation machine than it was a 
quarter of a century ago. Why, 
within my own time I recall that the 
annual gross earnings of the Balti- 
more and Ohio were only between 16 
and 17 millions of dollars; now its 
annual gross earnings are in excess of 
200 millions. The growth of the 
business alone has greatly increased 
the opportunities, in breadth, ki big- 
ness and in numbers; while the ad- 
vance of scientific methods in the 
handling of traffic has thrown open 
the door of opportunity so wide as to 
give it dimensions of an entire barn 
wall compared with the narrow en- 
trance to a cow byre; of a 10-wheel 
Mallet locomotive compared with the 
little Atlantic of revered memory, 
which now reposes in a quiet corner 
of the Martinsburg roundhouse. 

Anything worth having is worth 
striving for, worth fighting for. The 
royal road to Success is broken by 
many rough places. It is studded 
with jagged rocks and strewn with 
many a broken bit. But these are 
not insurmountable and will yield 
before the persistent hammering of 
diligence and courage and steadfast- 
ness which make smooth the way. 

At the feet of efforts such a i these, 
reward is laid freely, ungrudgingly, 
by Mr. Opportunity, who willingly 
becomes friend and servitor and re- 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Importance of Book of Safety Rules* 

By R. N. Begien 
General Manager, Western Lines 

WE HAVE a new Safety book 
here. It says exactly the 
same things that we have 
been saying in these meetings, and 
we are all familiar with every word 
there is in it. Its publication and 
distribution among our employes is a 
good thing. It brings to their atten- 
tion in a very personal way the things 
they ought to do to make themselves 
and their fellow workmen safe. 

We have other books of rules — the 
Maintenance of Way Book of rules, 
the Maintenance of Equipment Book 
of Rules and the Transportation Book 
of Rules. These are our laws.which 
govern the running of this Raihoad. 
But this book of rules is just as im- 
portant as any other. In fact, it is 
more important, because these other 
books of rules really tell us how to 
accomplish what is in the Safety book. 
The Transportation Book of Rules 
tells us how to operate trains with 
Safety ; the Maintenance of Way Book 
of Rules, how to maintain our track 
in Safety, and the Motive Power 
Book of Rules, how to load cars safely 
and operate our engines safely, etc. 

In carrying out the Transportation 
Book of Rules each division officer is 
su] rosed to make a certain number of 
tests, and we even go to the extent of 
designating just what those tests will 
be. and we check up to see if he did 
personally make these tests, record 
the results of the tests, and follow up 
frcm month to month failures to 
cany out the designated tests. 

There is a tendency to suppose that 
the Safety Committee is the only 
agency for carrying on the Safety 
work. They have done a great deal. 
They have done a great deal more 
than I thought was possible when we 
first started our Safety work. I had 
no idea that we would secure any- 
thing like the results which have been 
attained in carrying on this work. I 
didn't believe it possible. I thought 
we were safer than the results indi- 
cate that we were. 

Men Must Be Taught Rules 

It is not necessary to go into the 
details of the rules; that is not what 
we are here for. We are a committee 
organized to provide ways and means 
for carrying on the work. The adop- 
tion of general standards of Safety are 
part of our work, but the most im- 
portant thing of all is to carry on the 

teaching that -is necessary to spread 
them to the men who really get hurt 
and who hurt others. The men down 
the line who switch the cars and who 
use the lathe and who tamp the ties 
must be taught and must be made to 
understand not only how they should 
do these things properly, but also 
that their fellow workmen are en- 
titled to a certain amount of atten- 
tion and care to see that they are not 
hurt by the actions of any careless 
employe or one ignorant of the rules. 
That is the job of you gentlemen here 
— to pass the word down the line, and 
unless you do that, there isn't a 
chance in a million of our being as 
effective as we otherwise might be. 

Violations Mean Either Lack of Instruction 
or Respect 

We know very well what is con- 
tained in this book, we understand 
the subject ourselves, but I know that 
this word is not being passed down 
the line as well as it might be, because 
as I go over the line I see violations 
of these Safety rules. I see men vio- 
lating these Safety rules when they 
know that we, who are their officers, 
are looking at them, and when men 
do that, they are either lacking in 
respect for their officers or they have 
not been properly instructed. 


Great Progress Possible 

consider it entirelv possible to 

make just as much progress in the 
next year or two as has been made in 
the past year or two, and I hope 
everyone here will think about it and 
feel about it just as strongly as I do, 
and pass the word along. That is 

• This is a part of Mr. Bcgien's address at the 
meeting of the General Safety Committee, Western 
Lines, at Cincinnati. Ohio, June 11. 1920! 

Cartoon by James Lynch, Pier Zt, New York 

nauimore ana unto iviaguzine 


the big thing for this committee to 

Think how the attitude on this sub- 
ject has changed in the past few years. 
Only 15 or 20 years ago on railroads 
accidents of all kinds were considered 
a usual part of railroading. We used 
to have horrible accidents, and ap- 
parently they were taken as part of 
the game. 

Today bad accidents on a railroad 
are rare compared with what they 
used to be. This has not been 
brought about by chance, but by a 
carefully planned campaign. The 
Baltimore and Ohio has every reason 
in the world to feel that it was a pio- 
neer in this campaign of Safety work. 
It was the first railroad east of the 

Mississippi River, and the second in 
the country, to take up this work. I 
believe we are entitled to say more 
than that. I remember the facts 
quite well about the western cam- 
paign. I believe that, whether the 
campaign on the western road started 
sooner than ours or not, it is a fact 
that our campaign took a definite 
form first and began to get definite 
results first. 

Safety Is First at Staff Meetings 

As soon as we bring our division 
superintendents in to the next staff 
meeting we will devote our first hour 
to this subject, and it shall be the 
first order of business to consider the 
Safety work. This is one thing we 


Record of Shops, Showing Man Hours Worked Per Injury, April, 1920 

Honor Roll Shops Are Those Having No Reportable Injuries 

This Month's Honor Ron. 


Man Hours 

Rank in Mari h 



East Dayton 


l l 



Honor Roll. 

Stock Yards 






Honor Roll. 




Seymour » 


Not Shown. 


1 1 

12 ! 


15 ' 


18 : 

19 I 

20 , 

27 1 

29 I 

30 I 




New Castle 


Washington I 

Lima .' 




Lincoln Street (including 
Roby Street) 


Glenwood (Master Me- 



Ohio River (High Yard) 

East Side 


Ivorydale 1 


Cumberland (Master 


East Chicago 

Glenwood (Back Shop). 

Ohio River (Low Yard). 


South Chicago 



Brunswick • 




Garrett v 

Mt. Clare 

Cumberland ( Back Shop) 

Martinsburg 1 


Man Hours 

Number of 

Man Hours 

Rank in 



Per Injury 

























* 12 




Honor Roll 




Honor Roll 




















Honor Roll 












1 1 











2 1 ,342 









Not Shown 

























1 1 5,608 







Honor Roll 





























are not going to let lag around here 
if we can help it. 

I think it would be a good plan if 
the General Superintendents could 
find it convenient to attend some of 
the Safety meetings on the divisions. 

Pass the Word Along 

The word is to "pass it along" — 
that is the main thing, "pass it 
along." As a General Committee we 
are assured we are getting some re- 
sults, and these results are the fruits 
of a planned campaign. If we "pass 
it along" down the line we will get 
better results. Nothing is so good for 
the Safety campaign as the rigid en- 
forcement of the rules which are laid 
down for the Safety of our employes. 

A Lesson from Australia 

THE experience of other coun- 
tries with state-owned railways 
is of especial interest to Ameri- 
cans in these days of socialistic sug- 
gestion and Plumb Plan propaganda. 
The Commonwealth of Australia fur- 
nishes a case in point. Both physi- 
cally and as to the character of its 
population, Australia resembles Amer- 
ica more closely, perhaps, than any 
European nation in which the ex- 
periment of government ownership of 
railways has been tried; and while, 
as a Kansas City contemporary points 
out, there is no positive assurance 
the otitcomc of the plan in the United 
States would be the same as it has 
been in Australia, still the comparison 
is more logical than would be a 
comparison with results in smaller 
and more densely populated nations. 
Here is what the Australian represen- 
tative of the London Times has to say 
on the present Australian railway 
situation : 

"It is not surprising that the state 
railway services of Australia, where 
practically the whole mileage through- 
out the commonwealth is owned by 
the different "states or by the federal 
government, are in a state of non- 
progression. It could not be said that 
they are stagnant, for they are used, 
especially during our frequent ship- 
ping disturbances of the peace, to 
their full capacity. But, mainly 
owing to the cessation of the influx of 
loan capital during the war, new con- 
struction languishes or has ceased. 

"Owing to the large and repeated 
demands of labor, the prices of coal, 
material, and workmanship have all 
advanced, with reflected increases in 
all classes of freight and passenger 
rates, and owing to a rule-of-thumb 
administration by men not of the 
highest type of administrative knowl- 
edge and vigor, the railway services 
are not now so fast, so convenient, 

1 6 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

or so cheap as they were 10 to 20 
years ago. 

"Difficult as it may be to credit it, 
railway traveling in Australia on the 
main lines is actually slower than it 
was 15 years ago; the rolling stock is 
less adequate, the permanent way is 
no better, if not worse, and the human 
service rather more independent and 
casual. And all is far dearer. So 
that if the British railway traveler 
is sometimes apt to wish that he had 
a different regime of administration, 
let him be advised by an Australian 
rather to bear those ills he has than 
fly to others that he knows not of. 

"It is true that sooner or later the 
people in Australia do contrive to 

RAILROADS of the country 
need a billion dollars more in- 
come a year. To get it they 
have asked the Interstate Commerce 
Commission to increase freight rates 
30 per cent. What would such an 
increase mean to the average person ? 

For a family of five, a 30 per cent, 
advance in freight rates would rep- 
resent for all the food eaten in one 
week just the price of a shoe shine. 
Ten cents would be the maximum 
increase on the cost of food, while 
the increase in the cost of cloth- 
ing for a week is too small to be 
figured out in any coin now minted 
by the United States. 

Let a hundred men each order a 
good steak at a first class hotel and 
the bill will be not less than $150.00 
for the dinner. How much more 
would those hundred steaks cost the 
Philadelphia meat dealer were the 
railroad to get a 30 per cent, increase 
for hauling them from Chicago? 
Just twenty cents for the lot. 

The after-dinner cigar of one man 
at the table would equal the whole 
extra cost of the beef for the entire 
party of one hundred ! 

A "rise in freight rates might be 
used as an excuse by dealers for 
boosting food and clothing prices to 
consumers, but in reality, it would be 
almost impossible to translate such 
an increase to individual cases be- 
cause it would be so small. 

Thus, a man in Philadelphia who 
buys a pair of shoes made near Bos- 
ton would have to be taxed exactly 
one-half a cent for the extra freight 
rate,- that being the additional cost 
of carrying a pair of shoes to him 
from there. 

make their opinions felt in Parlia- 
ment and in railway administration. 
But it is a long, slow process, for 
bureaucracy is at all points mutually 
supporting, and no individual has the 
patience to conduct the interminable 
official correspondence necessary to 
secure some reasonable ameliora- 

We have had a taste of railway 
bureaucracy in the United States in 
late years, and as Senator Lodge so 
aptly said the other day, "there was 
universal dissatisfaction with the 
government management and it was 
a just dissatisfaction. The experi- 
ment failed and should not be re- 
newed . ' ' — Railway Review. 

A man will pay $5.00 for theatre 
tickets, plus the 50 cents war tax and 
regard the transaction as an even- 
ing's amusement. 

But that war tax alone on those 
tickets would just pay for the extra 
freight charge in carrying 100 suits of 
clothes from the Philadelphia maker 
to their Baltimore wearers. Precisely 
half a cent for the best suit of clothes 
is what that 30 per cent, increase 
spells when the suit is carried by a 
railroad, say 100 miles. 

Go to a baseball game any after- 
noon and you will see men stand in 
line for the privilege of buying a ticket 
for a good seat to see the game. Just 
the war tax alone on one such base- 
ball ticket equals the proposed ad- 
ditional freight rate on all the hats 
worn by 150 St. Louis baseball fans, 
whose headweai was made in Philadel- 
phia and shipped 1,000 miles by rail. 

In other words, 37 cents will pay 
that 30 per cent, freight increase on 
more than 500 Stetson hats sent all 
the way to the Mississippi. 

Vice-President George Dallas 
Dixon, of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 
figured from the rate schedule a few 
few years ago exactly what a 15 per 
cent, increase in freight rates at that 
time would mean to your table. 

For a family of five, it meant 3^ 
cents in one week. And Mr. Dixon 
took a family of good average size for 
the basis of his calculations. 

It is astonishing what a small frac- 
tion of the cost of what you eat and 
wear and read goes to a railroad for 
bringing the things to you. 

A 30 per cent, raise in freight 
charges now would add only one- 
tenth of a cent to the cost of an ordi- 

nary book brought from New York to 
Philadelphia — a sum too small to 
make any difference in the price you 
would pay for it. 

Twenty-two cents, which is what a 
30 per cent, increase would be, would 
just pay for the increased cost of the 
two eggs you will eat every morning 
for the whole of next year — even sup- 
posing the only eggs you could get 
had to come all the way from a Chi- 
cago warehouse to Philadelphia. 

For the flour that goes into a 
family's bread, the extra charge 
would be negligible — only 12^ cents 
for 100 pounds of flour transported 
from Minneapolis to Philadelphia. 

The railroad carries 100 pounds of 
butter from a creamery in the West 
for the sum you pay at the corner 
grocery for one pound of it. 

A Montgomery County farmer who 
needs 100 pounds of nails for building 
a new barn could get them under the 
advanced freight schedule, hauled 
from New Britain, Conn., where they 
are made, for g}4 cents extra. 

But, some people say, why pay 
anything more to the railroads, even 
thought the sum be small ? 

Our answer is that if railroad 
freight rates are advanced, the cost of 
living will be reduced a good deal 
more than the small amount involved 
in the increase. 

The big trouble today is that the 
railroads are unable to handle the 
nation's business. In four years, 
that business jumped more than 40 
per cent., but the railroads had only 
enough money to increase the cars 
and locomotives to handle it by two 
per cent. 

Thus, railroad poverty has brought 
a transportation famine upon the 
United States and added greatly to 
the cost of commodities through 
inability to move them. 

"Let every mine have all the cars it 
needs for two weeks," said a Penn- 
sylvania state coal operator, "and the 
price of coal at the mine will drop 
$4.00 a ton. Only our inability to 
ship coal to our customers, which 
creates a constant scarcity, keeps the 
price of coal up where it is." 

The only thing which railroads sell 
is transportation. Therefore, make 
transportation so plentiful that every 
shipper can buy all he requires of it, 
and this artificial famine in almost 
every commodity we use will dis- 
appear and prices must decline. 

Lack of funds for years past has 
prevented all the railroads, rich and 
poor, big and little, from manufac- 
turing enough transportation to sup- 
ply America's demands. 

The Railroad Problem 

How a Rate Increase Affects the Public 
From The Girard Letter 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


They have not had the capital, to 
pay for cars, locomotives, tracks, and 
station facilities and have not been able 
to get capital because their business 
has been made unprofitable by law! 

Hence, if America wants more 
transportation and a return to nor- 
mal living costs, it must help the rail- 
roads to get the money needed to 
build cars, tracks, and locomotives. 
The only way that can be done is to 
advance freight rates, in order thus to 
enable the railroads to secure the 
capital required. 

President Willard of the Baltimore 
and Ohio was exactly right when he 
testified that an increase in freight 
rates would decrease the cost of living. 

He knows, 'as every other student 
of the railroad problem knows, that as 
soon as there are sufficient cars and 
tracks and enough motive power to 
pull all the trains, the output of com- 
modities all over the country can 
instantly be speeded up; and that 
will bring down the cost of your clothes 
and your table. 

Instead of taxing the people more, 
a higher freight rate will reduce taxes 
because the revenue from those 
higher rates will immediatelv be 

spent by the roads to supply more 
and more transportation, which is the 
first essential for carrying on our 
country's business. It is more, it is 
the one vital necessity. 

If builders had sufficient funds to 
erect in Philadelphia 10,000 new 
houses, the general selling price of 
houses would fall and the size of 
rentals decrease. 

Had the farmers of the United 
States enough labor to cultivate all 
their fields economically, the prices of 
all food would shrink. 

Had the banks unlimited funds to 
lend, the rate of interest would go 

In every case, an increase in quan- 
tity of a commodity tends to lessen 
its selling price. 

It cannot be too often repeated 
that the only commodity which a 
railroad sells is transportation. But 
a Federal law prevents an increase in 
the price of this commodity, other- 
wise under the law of supply and de- 
mand it would be double the present 
rate because of the keen competition 
to obtain supplies. No Federal law, 
however, prevents a rise in the price 

When th' Drag Hangs Up at Baileys 
By Robert L. Heiser 
Third Trick Dispatcher, Baltimore Terminal Division 

Oh ! how'll we get 'em through, boys? 

How'U we get 'em through? 
Th' drag is down at Baileys 

'N number twelve is due. 
A hundred cars from Locust Point 

'N ten more down at Camden, 
'N Marshall says "Th' drag has up 'n 

Gone to work 'n rammed 'em !" 

Oh! how'll we get 'em through, boys? 

How'll we get em' through? 
Th' drag is down at Baileys 'n 

Biddison's down there too. 

Th' dispatcher bows his head in prayer 
'N the 'phone begins to ring, 

"Oh Lord, give me a pair of skids, 
A track, or some new thing." 

Browning's got 'em into clear, 

Smitty's in th' hay, 
Th' chief has got his dander up 

'N there is —well, I say, 
Th' drag is down at Baileys 

'N number twelve is due, 
Oh! how'll we get 'em through, boys? 

How'll we get 'em through? 

of everything a railroad company is 
compelled to buy. 

The railroad is a nationally re- 
stricted industry, and has been re- 
stricted to a degree where it has 
ceased to be able to serve the people as 
they wish their railroads to serve them. 

It seems incredible that a nation of 
sensible business men should ac- 
quiesce any longer in these conditions. 
The new Transportation Act, if car- 
ried out in its spirit by the Interstate 
Commerce Commission, will change 
this; but public approval must sup 
port the Commission. 

The figures of the few illustrations 
given above show the trifling sums 
involved for each person were the 
nation to stop paralyzing our railroad 
systems and keeping from consumers 
the things they need in their individ- 
ual lives every day. 

People pay gladly an increased 
price for diamonds, but groan when 
the railroads ask for a third of a cent 
more to carry food for them a distance 
of 200 miles. 

That handsome new limousine, 
which is 100 per cent, luxury, will 
cost the buyer $3,000 more than a 
similar car five years ago, but never a 
protest from the purchaser who has 
the price. Then why should he con- 
sider that he is being robbed if a rail- 
road collects $3 2 .00 more to bring that 
cVr to him all the way from Detroit ? 

The same feeling has existed rela- 
tive to street railway fares in cities. 
Attempts to increase the charge have 
been denounced as robbery. Riding 
in a trolley car is for millions a daily 
necessity, and the difference between 
good and bad service affects everybody. 

To promote better accommoda- 
tions by a slight increase of a penny 
or two in fares is fought against fts an 
outrage; while at the very same time 
no organized protest is heard against 
increases for admission to all forms of 
amusement. People pay a dollar or 
two more for theatre tickets, but ob- 
ject to an increase of a penny or two 
in the fare on the trolley car which 
carries them to tfk theatre; although 
they know that an increased car fare 
is necessary to promote their own 
accommodation and comfort. It 
seems a curious twist in human 
nature to object to the penny added 
to the cost of a necessity and ac- 
quiesce in the dollar when it comes in 
the form of pleasure. 

People seem to forget that the 
common phrase formerly in use rela- 
tive to transportation rates "to 
charge all the traffic will bear," can 
be misunderstood and misapplied 
under differing circumstances — like 
many other sayings. 

The time has come when it should 
be recognized bv everyone that traffic 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

ought to be charged all that it will 
bear — that is, all it is right it should 
bear; because unless it is so charged 
the means of transportation for the 
people who pay it and for all their 
manifold individual needs and busi- 
ness cannot be furnished. 

The only alternative is government 

THE striking conception, "The 
Flag," on the cover of this 
issue, is a beautiful symbol of 
the place the National Emblem 
should have in the consciousness of 
every American. 

The engineer, guiding his train 
along the winding reaches of the 
Patapsco as it parallels our Old Main 
Line, emerges from the shelter of the 
sloping hills and the darkness of the 
night, and, as the turn in the road 
gives him a clear sweep of vision to 
the Relay Viaduct and the eastern 
horizon beyond, the flag, painted by 
the Creator with the rays of the rising 
sun upon the palette of the cloud- 
flecked sky, proclaims the new day as 
it bursts in all its glory upon him. 
The flag, born of the lofty idealism of 
our forefathers, upheld by the sacri- 
fice of their sons even to our own 
generation, and that shall mean, 
please God, the New Day to the 
millions who seek its protection and 
own its sway, until the end of time. 

The flag is the outstanding symbol, 
the one rallying point of our nation. 
Other nations have their kings and 
emperors — and they pledge allegiance 
to "the Crown " In Napoleon's 
time, the French — mad for conquest 
— worshipped his far-famed Eagles. 
We have only the flag, the Stars and 
Stripes, emblem of our national unity 
and allegiance. 

The Great War, with its rekindling 
of patriotism among our people, 
brought with it a more universal use 
of the flag than ever before in our 
history, and with it, almost inevit- 
ably, a tendency to such forms of 
display not worthy the flag itself or 
the ideals for which it stands. What, 
then, was the original conception of 
the flag? What does it mean? How 
should it be used ? 

The Origin and Development of the Flag 

Prior to 1777 each of the 13 colo- 
nies had separate designs of flags. 
The need for a uniform flag represen- 
tative of the struggling states was 
generally recognized and many de- 
signs were presented to Congress. 

"Old Glory"— the Stars and 

ownership of raihoads and all other 
public utilities and allied business, 
with a consequent enormous increase 
in general taxation and with the cer- 
tain paralysis also of American indi- 
vidual activities which have hitherto 
developed this great and growing 

Stripes — was born on June 14, 1777, 
when Congress resolved "That the 
flag of the United States be 13 stripes, 
alternate red and white, the union be 
13 stars, white in a blue field, repre- 
senting a new constellation." The 
Father of our Country, assisted by a 
committee appointed by Congress, 
directed the preparation of the first 
flag. Living in Philadelphia at that 
time was Mrs. Elizabeth Ross and to 
her was intrusted its actual making. 
She was a manufacturer of flags for 
the Government for many years, her 
children succeeding to the business. 

The "Betsey Ross House" is still 
standing in Arch Street, in Phila- 

Our present flag differs from the 
first design only in the number and 
arrangement of stars in the field. 
At first they were arranged in the 
form of a circle. The blue field, it is 
believed, signified the league of the 
united colonies against oppression, 
and symbolized Vigilance, Persever- 
ance and Justice. 

Congress ordered an important 
change in the flag to take effect May 
1, i/95. namely, that the flag contain 
15 stars and 15 stripes, one of each to 
be added with the admission of every 
new state. The two were added be- 
cause of the admission of Vermont 
and Kentucky. It was soon evident, 
however, that with the admission of 
new states the beautiful symmetry of 
the flag would be destroyed and on 
April 4, 1 8 19, Congress restored the 
number of stripes to 13, typifying the 
original 13 colonies, and ordered a 
new star added on the Fourth of July 
following the admission of every new 
state. The first flag made following 
this order had the 13 stripes, and 20 
stars arrangedin the form of a large star. 

Traditions of the Flag 

I never think of the flag that I do 
not recall the beautiful tribute always 
paid it by the Union veterans of the 
Civil War. As they pass it, dis- 
played from staff or pole, if in civilian 
clothes, they iaise the hat reverently; 
or, if in their uniforms on a patriotic 
holiday, they give it affectionate salute. 

The regulations and traditions of 
our Army and Navy hold the flag 
above every other symbol of national 
consciousness — standing with the 
National Anthem as worthy of our 
highest respect. No matter what the 
rank of the officer, even to the com- 
mander-in-chief, when the flag passes 
by, or the ensign (as the flag is called 
in the Navy) is hoisted to the peak, 
he comes to attention and salutes. 

The color guard in the Army is the 
assignment sought by every smart 
soldier, for it is the greatest honor he 
can have. The color sergeant who 
carries the flag is spick and span, 
erect, proud, vigilant, as he presents 
it to the regiment, or directs its 
raising at Reveille or its lowering at 
Retreat. Carefully, tenderly, rever- 
ently, the flag is handled, and so that 
it never touches the ground. It is 
folded in a prescribed way at Retreat 
and deposited for safe keeping in the 
quarters of the commanding officer. 

Readers of this article who have 
had the privilege of Army service 
will agree that no mattet how fatigu- 
ing the soldier's daily grind, no 
matter how much trouble to spruce 
up for Retreat at the close of the 
day's routine, the inspiring ceremony 
itself, the lowering of the flag, while 
the National Anthem (irrevocably 
wedded to the Star-Spangled Banner 
itself through the immoital poem of 
Francis Scott Key) or "To the 
Colors" is being played, and rifles are 
clicked to the "Present," has an up- 
lifting and thrilling effect that never 
fails to rejuvenate the body and fill 
the soul with a new baptism of 
patriotic pride and feeling. 

What the flag means to the men of 
our Navy has been well expressed in 
a beautiful tribute to the flag written 
by Charles William Bowers, a former 
Baltimore and Ohio employe, in 1918. 

It reads, in part viz. : 

I have stood upon the deck of a man- 
o'war at the end of a harrowing day, with 
the smoke of infantry fire rising in the dis- 
tance on the moutainside, as our land forces 
drove the enemy back, and fortress guns 
frowning from rocky heights before us. It 
was at that moment preceding the setting 
of the sun, when the blast of the bugle and 
passing of the word meant "Colors" and 
informed us that night was about to settle 
and the Stars and Stripes flowing above our 
deck would be lowered. 

I turned aft and faced the Flag, like every 
other sailor and marine on deck and every 
other man above and below, on lookout in 
the crow's-nest, passing coal in the bunkers 
or whatever his place and duty and whether 
or not he could see the Flag. The notes of 
the bugle diminished as the Flag came down 
the staff, ceased when it was furled away; 
and soon only their reverberations lingered 
over the deep. Every hand, which had been 
lifted and held in position of salute, was 
dropped; we turned away filled with the 
solemnity and grandeur of the occasion and 
veneration for the Flag we served. 

There was no twilight, no enchanting 

The Flag 

"Thou hast given a banner to them that fear Thee, that it may be displayed, 
because of the truth." — Psalms LX-4 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


period when day and evening flirt with one 
another and give the soul an intermediate 
hour of vanishing rays and deepening 
shadows in which to recline and contem- 
plate. Night was upon us at once — black 
night. Not a light shone above water. 
Silent activity, restless vigil, darkness. 

In the morning — ah, what a glorious rec- 
ompense for the preceding hours of noc- 
turnal anxiety and hardship amidst the roll- 
ing and pitching of the ship, the shriek of 
the gale and crash of giant waters! The 
storm had blown itself and its horrors away. 
The darkness was receding down the moun- 
tains, followed by the gray of dawn. 

We were on the qui vine. The first call to 
"Colors" had sounded. Suddenly the low- 
ering of the horizon exposed the edge of the 
sun and the sea was agleam. 

The Flag mounted the staff and burst 
forth in all the glory of its Red, White and 
Blue; the bugle pierced the silence, its 
notes being repeated from the deck of every 
other ship in the fleet, the whole re-echoing 
across the water and among the hills in a 
glorious anthem of Democracy, while simul- 
taneously above every vessel appeared in 
majesty the Stars and Stripes! 


As the Stars and Stripes go down, dark- 
ness, tumult, chaos and misery creep forth. 
As the Flag rises, Light and Liberty shine 
forth to brighten and uplift mankind. 

Not one but millions of men on 
land and sea have felt the same in- 
spiration so beautifully described in 
this tribute. And not they alone but 
all of our people, and all through our 
history, have felt this reverence for 
the flag. 

Misuse of the Flag 

Several years ago certain thought- 
less or unscrupulous men used the 
flag in unworthy ways to advertise 
their wares. Their practices were 
soon brought to a stop, however, by 
some of our patriotic societies, who 
had legislation enacted to prevent the 
commercializing of the flag. 

We all love it and, when we wish to 

show our special pleasure or pride in 
any event or holiday, we are prone to 
make a too indiscriminate use of the 
flag. We paste flag stickers on the 
doors of our work shops, and the 
beautiful emblem soon becomes dirty 
and unsightly. We are handed minia- 
ture flags to place on the lapels of our 
coats — and they fall off and are soon 
lying in the dirt at our feet. We 
place flags on our porches, schools, 
clubs, shops and roundhouses, and 
leave them there — the targets of 
wind and smoke and bad weather. 
We fly the flag from barns and out- 
houses, from cabooses, engines and 
sheds, and permit it to become tat- 
tered and torn. We paint it on cyl- 
inder boxes on our locomotives and 
it becomes faded, forgotten, a mere 
stain of color and a disgrace to its 
original purpose and meaning. 

Such practices tend to cheapen the 
flag in our sight and our esteem. A 
too liberal use of its beautiful design 
makes it a mere commonplace — and 
we soon become forgetful of its great 
history and what it really stands for. 

Worthy Use of the Flag 

The flag should never be permitted 
to fly in bad weather. In the Army 
during bad weather it is usually low- 
ered and put in its authorized place 
under cover. Its surroundings should 
always be worthy of it. It should be 
hung in a dignified way (and not used 
for decorative effects) on the porches 
of our homes, on our churches, out 
public buildings, our offices and 
workshops, preferably on poles or 
staffs where it will not be soiled by 
surrounding objects. Its most fit- 
ting place is at the top of a pole where 
it can be flung to the breezes and 
where, in the clear upper air, we can, 










Flag Pledge 

(As Used by Millions of Our Public School Children) 

I pledge allegiance to my flag and to the republic for 
which it stands; one nation indivisible, with liberty and 
justice to all. 

I give my head, my heart and my hands to my coun- 
try; one country, one union, one flag. 

Flag of our great republic, whose stars and stripes 
stand for bravery, purity, truth and union, we salute 

We, the children of many lands, who find rest under 
thy folds, do pledge our lives, our hearts, and our sacred 
honor to love and protect thee, our country, and the 
liberty of the American people forever. 








literally as well as figuratively, look 
up to it and pay it reverence. 

It is a remarkable fact that al- 
though ours is the youngest of the 
great nations of the world, our flag is 
one of the oldest, so rapid have been 
the changes in the dynasties and terri- 
tories of the older powers. The 
greatest changes have, of course, been 
brought about as the result of the 
Great War, with Russia's proud flag 
but little more than a memory and 
the royal standards of Germany and 
Austro-Hungary supplanted by re- 
cently adopted designs of these so- 
called republics. 

There is, moreover, no flag on 
earth that has the spotless record of 
the Stars and Stripes. Born in the 
infancy of our Republic, it has never 
been the rallying point for an un- 
worthy cause. The War of 1812, 
the Civil War, the Spanish-American 
War, the Great War, — in all these 
conflicts, Old Glory, undefeated and 
unsullied, has led the defenders of 
Liberty and the lovers of Humanity. 

Symbol of Liberty and Democracy, 
it stands for truth, righteousness, 
honor and loyalty. Beloved by all 
who own its sway, it carries to the 
oppressed beyond its domain a mes- 
sage of hope and helpfulness. It's 
untarnished history of almost a cen- 
tury and a half is a challenge to us 
to rededicate ourselves to the great 
principles of humanity which have 
been developed and preserved under 
its protecting power, and to renew 
our vows of loyalty to it and to the 

A Socialist Speaks 

ONE of the wisest writers in Eng- 
land is A lexander M. Thompson, 
well known as "Dangle" of 
the Clarion. 

He is a Socialist, but not one who 
believes in the almightiness of any 
program, Socialist or otherwise. He 
sees the humanities. He is one of the 
many in England and America who 
are battling with gfeat ability to save 
industry from the stupid men of 
Capital and the wild men of Labor. 
Recently Mr. Thompson said: 

"Above all, we must restore the human 
relationship between the captains and the 
rank and file of industry. 

"Too long has it been the function of the 
one side to exploit and of the other to resent 
and resist. 

"This bad, old way leads to friction, bitter 
strikes, mutual hostility, and eventual ruin. 

"The common people are not all slackers 
and strikers, who care for nothing but beer 
and wages. 

"The employers are not all idle parasites, 
conscienceless profiteers and greedy blood- 

"Our business — on both sides — is to restore 
and develop the humanities." 

— New York American. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Seventy Empty Coal Cars Moved 
415 Miles in 323^ Hours— 
A Worlds Record 

When this article was shown to President Willard he said that it gave him the 
utmost satisfaction to know that the efforts which he and the Advisory Com- 
mittee of the Association of Railway Executives were making to help relieve the 
coal shortage by a better car movement, had been so promptly and effectively 
backed up by Baltimore and Ohio employes 

IN THE last issue of the Magazine 
we had the opportunity of telling 
the story of the world's coal cargo 
loading record of the steamship 
"Maiden" by our employes at the 
Curtis Bay Coal Pier. Now, just as 
we are going to press, comes another 
story of a record performance — a 
world's record, we believe, to the 
credit of Baltimore and Ohio men. 

Our readers know that the news- 
papers have carried distressing state- 
ments to the effect that on account 
of the car shortage there was a 
possibility of the closing down of 
industries, particularly in the New 
York District, through lack of coal 
for power purposes. These reports 
reached their climax at about the time 
the announcement was made in regard 
to the appointment of the Advisory 
Committee of nine railroad executives, 
with President Willard as chairman, 
with plenary powers to handle car 
distribution on the American rail- 
roads. It was gratifying, indeed, 
therefore, that this record movement 
of empties back to the coal fields for 
loading was made by Baltimore and 
Ohio men to help relieve the shortage 
of coal and to set the pace in operat- 
ing efficiency looking to a general 
betterment of the situation. 

About July 1 , our freight trains be- 
gan to be operated from Philadelphia 
over the Philadelphia and Reading 
and Central Railroad of New Jersey 
into Jersey City, by our own crews, a 
new departure in our operating 
methods on the Eastern Lines, and 
at first opportunity General Superin- 
tendent Scheer, of the Baltimore 
District, planned to start this record 
movement to the coal fields to show 
how efficiently and quickly empties 
could be gotten back to the mines for 

The following tabulation tells the 
story of the movement in detail : 

Called Jersey City 12.30 a. m., July 11, 
engine 4590, 70 coal cars. 

Left Jersey City 1.50 a. m. 

Arrived Carrolls 4.47 p. m. 

Left Carrolls 5.53 p. m., engine 4521, 70 
coal cars. 

Arrived Brunswick 9.53 p. m. 

Left Brunswick 10.05 p. m., engine 4870, 
70 coal cars. 

Arrived Evitts Creek 3.14 a. m., July 12. 

Passed Viaduct Junction 3.34 a. m., engine 
7145, 70 coal cars. 
Arrived Rock wood 8.31 a. m. 
Arrived Somerset coal region 9.00 a. m. 

We were unable to secure pictures of 
all of the trainmen who helped make 
this record movement, but are glad to 
be able to show our readers the pic- 
tures of some of those reponsible. 

The most remarkable feature of 
this movement was the record time in 
which it was made, an average of 
1 2 10 miles per hour for the entire 
distance of 415 miles. The train 
was main-tracked at Carrolls, Bruns- 
wick and Cumberland, which means 
that instead of being run into the 
yards for changing engines or crews, 
it was given the main track straight 
through. This, however, did not in- 
terfere in any respect whatsoever 
with other traffic. There was not a 
single hot box, nor a broken brake 
beam, showing that the train was 
well inspected and in good condition 
mechanically before it started. Of 
particular interest was the fact that 
Conductor Byrd and Engineer Welsh, 
whose pictures are in the accom- 
panying cut, handled the train from 
Jersey City to Carrolls, a distance of 
190 miles. 

Here is a great mark for us to shoot 
at. We are proud of the men who 
made this record and of the officials 
who engineered it. We would like to 
have a story like this to tell in every 
issue of the Magazine. Who will give 
us the next one? 

Crews Handling Record Run 

Jersey City to Baltimore 

Engine Engineer 
. 4590 O. Welsh. . . 

R. E. Cox . 

.W. T. Byrd.... 

Baltimore to Brunswick . . 452t H. Hobson ...J. A. Bryan W. D. 

.G. F. Wa d, J. J. Grove, 
W. T. Maitins 

Levy G. Kouch, W. T. Lantz, 

W. Bozel 

Brunswick to Cumberland . 
Cumberland to Rockwood 

4870 G. T. Nield. . A. Fanelli. . . C. H.B. StraUman. L. R. Crabtree, C. C. Graham 

7145 E. L. Collins. J. L. Walsh. S. R. Ringler L. H. Rice, J. C. Crosby, 

W. Reynolds 

Left to light: Fiieman R. E. Cox, Engineei O. Welsh, Conductor W. T. Byrd, Brakemen J. J. Grove, G. F. Ward and W. T. Martins 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


Allow Us to Introduce Our New Annex 

By L. P. Kimball 
Engineer of Buildings 

EVERYBODY has heard about 
the new Annex, into which a 
number of our departments 
are moving, but those who are not 
being transferred there will be in- 
terested in knowing something about 
the building and the whys and 
wherefores of the change. 

Located on the corner of Liberty 
and Lombard Streets, the "Sutton 
Building" will henceforth be known 
as the "Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
General Offices — Annex," or, simply 
as the "Annex Building," as distin- 
guished from the "Central Building." 

The Annex Building was purchased 
for two reasons : to relieve congestion 
in the Central Building and to effect 
a saving in the high rents which we 
were required to pay for office space 
in outside buildings. 

The structure is of brick, with 
eight stories and basement, and has 
available on each floor for office pur- 
poses, after necessary allotment of 
space to stairways, elevator shafts, 
private offices, toilets, etc., about 
15,000 square feet, or 1,000 square 
feet more than we have on each floor 
in the Central Building. In addition 
to the furnishing of the interioi and 

building necessary partitions, the 
Annex is being equipped with new 
stairways, fire escapes, electric eleva- 
tors, adequate toilet, heating and 
ventilating facilities. 

The occupancy of this building 
will be beneficial in bringing together 
in one structure the several large 
groups of the Accounting Depart- 
ment, which have been badly 

By the time that this issue of the 
Magazine appears, the following 
offices will have moved to the Annex : 


Auditor Passenger Receipts 196 

Auditor Coal and Coke Receipts. .125 
Freight Tariff Bureau 76 

Total 7397 

At the same time the Auditor of 
Freight Claims office, 103 employes, 
will be moved from the Central 
Building, a total of 500 employes 
occupying the Annex Building on 
July 1. These departments will 
occupy the second, third and fourth 
floors. It is expected to have the 
entire building ready for occupancy 
September 1, at which time there 
will be a total of about 1 ,400 employes 
assigned to the building. 

H.O.Hartzell Elected President 
of American Railway De- 
velopment Association 

THE twelfth annual convention 
of the American Railway De- 
velopment Association (for- 
merly Railway Development Asso- 
ciation), was held at the New Gibson 
Hotel in Cincinnati, June 16, 17 and 
18. The membership comprises in- 
dustrial, agricultural, immigration, 
publicity and real estate representa- 
tives of the various railroads in the 
United States and Canada, who meet 
twice a year to discuss methods, 
and to exchange ideas pertaining to 
the different phases of development 

The program included a trip for 
the association members and local 
business men affiliated with the Cin- 
cinnati Chamber of Commerce, to 
the Procter and Gamble plant at 
Ivorydale, and the factory colony at 
Oakley, as guests of the Baltimore 
and Ohio Railroad. 

The election of officers resulted in 
the unanimous vote of the Associa- 
tion for Harry O. Hartzell, manager, 
Commercial Development of the Bal- 
timore and Ohio Railroad, for Presi- 
dent during the ensuing year. Other 
officers chosen were: First Vice- 
T resident: D. C. Welty, commis- 
sioner of agriculture, Missouri Pacific 
Railroad ; Second Vice-President : 
George E. Bates, assistant to the gen- 
eral manager for Industrial Develop- 
ment, Delawaie and Hudson Rail- 
road; Secretary-Treasurer: J. B 
Lamson, agriculturist, Chicago, Bur- 
lington and Quincy Railroad. 

At the annual dinner of the asso- 
ciation, Vice-President Fries matte an 
interesting address on the activities 
of the Baltimore and Ohio Commer- 
cial Development Department and 
the general problems confronting the 
railroads today. Mr. John N. Cover- 
dale, secretary of the American Fed- 
eration of Farm Bureaus; Mr. John 
L. Shuff, generSVi manager of the 
Union Central Life Insurance Com- 
pany of Cincinnati, and President 
Hartzell, were the other speakers. 
Governor James M. Cox of Ohio 
was to have been a guest, but was 
prevented from attending by ill- 

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
was represented at the convention by 
H. O. Hartzell, manager. Commercial 
Development; W. I. Bishop, indus- 
trial agent, Baltimore; C. M. Gos- 
nell, industrial agent, Pittsburgh; 
J. M. McDermott, industrial agent, 
Chicago; G. W. Arnold, industrial 
agent, Cincinnati; and P. S. Phenix, 
industrial survey agent, Baltimore. 

Statement of Actual Average Miles Per Car Per Day 

(Including Bad Order Cars) 



Philadelphia 47-7 

Baltimore 13.6 

Shenandoah 14.7 

Cumberland (East) 65 . 7 

Cumberland (West) 42 . 6 

Total 55.8 

Maryland District 32 . 5 

Connellsville 30 . 3 

Pittsburgh 22 . 6 

Pennsylvania District. .... 25 .9 

Monongah 14.0 

Wheeling 14 -5 

Ohio River 29.5 

Charleston 14.8 


West Virginia District 



Chicago 34-2 

Newark 28.6 

New Castle 30.7 

Cleveland 16. 1 

Northwest District 27.7 


11. 9 




13 4 

12 .7 



16. 1 

Indiana 29.6 

Illinois 26.1 

Toledo 20.2 

Southwest District 27.6 

Baltimore& Ohio Western Lines. 27 

Baltimore & Ohio Sytem 26.8 20.0 


7 190 



January 1.1912 Inc _ J 

Per Cent. Increase 
or Decrease 
May. 1920. 
OverBest Previous 



3i 5 





31 .0 

29 -5 





c c 





















34 4 

, 31 




17. 1 . . 



.... 1 











41 .0 









.... 21 






1 1 






.... 20 









Office General Superintendent of Transportation— Baltimore. June. 1920. 

To bring the inaccessible parts of Switzerland 
within reach of everybody, was the task that 
Switzerland undertook when she began to build 
her railroads. Long stretches of wild and moun- 
tainous country now bow in homage to the iron 
rail. This picture shows one of the quaint, 
though imposing, little houses of the railway 
guards in Ardez. Strongly built to withstand 
the avalanche; of snow and ice that sl'de from 
the neighboring mountains, this house beside 
the railroad track, with a background of lofty 
heights, is peculiarly characteristic of the work 
of the Swiss people — combining the artistic and 
the utilitarian. 

cattered about the green carpet of an Alpine meadow, we find Ilanz. Switzerland, the first town on the Rhine, with its mass of old- 
tshioned houses and beautiful churches. On nearly every peak in Switzerland there is a little chapel, and all about the mountain sides 
re herds of goats, whose gay, young keepers whistle and "yodle" to their hearts' content. Miles away are the snow caps that appear 
5 be within a stone's throw of the village. Note the thick forests that seem to protect the little town like the moat around the 
ancient castle. This is a place of small, but luxuriant gardens, beautiful bridges, and picturesque highways. 

Here we take a peep at the idyllic little village of Lavin, situated on the railroad leading 
from Bevers to Schuls-Tarasp. In the distance are the sunny heights of Engadinc. 
where many ruins of ancient strongholds and castles dot the landscape — silent reminders 
of the day when Switzerland endured the yoke of Austrian tyranny. Here also we find 
the mountain stream that separates the plateau from the cliff. The railroad, too, enters 
the village and brings with it tourists from all over the world. Some of these small vil- 
lages are being continually threatened with falling rocks. Fine clouds of mist often hover 
about the river beds, and a native whispers to us that any phantom-like shadow that we 
may see is probably the ghost of an inn-keeper's wife, who committed some awful crime 
in the vicinity of these mountains, and whose spirit still haunts the misty streams. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Assured that our readers will welcome advice and suggestions on the all-important problem 
of health preservation and life extension, based on the latest advances in medical science, it will 
be the purpose of this section of the Magazine to present brief and instructive articles each 
month by members of the medical staff of the Relief Department. We know our efforts will 
appeal to our readers. If only a few profit by the advice offered, our contribution to the sum 
of human happiness will be considerable, and our service of value. The addition of one, five 
or fifteen years to a life is well worth the task. 

The Marines of the Human 


By Dr. R. D. Sykes 
Assistant to Medical and Surgical Director 

YOU have, doubtless, heard of a 
battle royal, if you have not 
witnessed one, in which a num- 
ber of contestants are placed in a ring 
and struggle for supremacy, victory 
going to him who is most vigilant and 
endowed with the greatest resisting 

From the time the lungs expand 
preparatory to the first lusty cry, 
until, touched by the finger of death, 
we pass into the Great Beyond, we 
are in the midst of a battle royal — a 
contest between health and disease; 
and the span of life varies in accord- 
ance with individual resisting power 
and the strength of the invading foe. 
Many a battle is fought and won by 
the vital forces, but frequently the 
invading horde sweeps down upon a 
weakened fortress and death gains the 
mastery; or, if by reason of one's 
strength and endurance, life grows 
into the "sere and yellow leaf," the 
vital forces eventually fail and the 
delicate human mechanism wears out 
and finally stops — like a storage bat- 
tery ceases to function — because the 
powers of recuperation cannot keep 
pace with the requirements and de- 
mands of life. 

How, then, may we increase our 
powers of resistance; what are the 
powers of defense; who are the in- 
vading foes, and how and where are 
the battles fought? 

The resisting^ powers may be forti- 
fied and increased by observation of 
the established rules of hygiene and 
sanitation. These have been con- 

cisely summarized in the following 
couplet occurring in an article in our 
February number: 

"Give heed to your diet, 
Surroundings and toilet; 
And add to your health, 
Or else you will spoil it." 

It is shown by recent statistics that 
i2}4 years have been added to the 
average length of life by improved 
hygienic and sanitary conditions. 

The power of defense is an inherent 
capacity of the body to cope with an 
invading force. Its most active and 
efficient agents are the white cor- 
puscles, the phagocytes. The invad- 
ing foe is legion ; almost as innumer- 
able as the sands of the sea, and 
in greater variety. All of them may 
be embraced in the comprehensive 
term "bacteria." 

Before we tell how and where the 
battles are fought, we will ask 
whether you have seen the "whiskers" 
on a crab? They are not merely 
decorative, but perform the definite 
functions of feelers or listeners, and 
are scientifically known as antennae. 
It is not an accident, but a natural 
sequence that the term "antennae" is 
likewise applied to the highly sensi- 
tive listening auxiliary of the wireless 

On duty in the central office at 
Washington, with his wireless anten- 
nae extended, is the Commander-in- 
Chief of our national forces of pro- 
tection and defense. At the first ink- 
ling of disturbance or invasion in any 
quarter of our extensive country — 

even among the islands of the seas — 
the marines, "the first to fight," are 
dispatched to put down the uprising 
or repel the invading foe. Though 
our bodies are wonderfully con- 
structed and endowed, counterparts 
are often found under commonplace 
conditions. Hence, our forces of de- 
fense — the phagocytes — the first to 
fight, we style the marines of the 
human system. 

Our foes surround us on every side, 
approaching from without and within. 
Our human citadel is armor plated on 
the outside by the skin and its appen- 
dages, and on the inside by the mu- 
cous membrane (modified skin), or 
lining of the digestive or respiratory 
tracts. Our body has its being be- 
tween and in these protecting en- 
velopes, and everywhere through it 
courses the life-giving blood stream — 
the rivers and waterways of the bod}- 
— upon whose currents ride the red 
and white corpuscles. The red cor- 
puscles are carried along in the 
middle of the stream by the rapidly 
flowing current, performing a double 
duty: the delivery of material to re- 
pair and rebuild tissues, and also to 
collect and convey wornout particles 
to the incinerator (the lungs), where 
they are eventually burned and car- 
ried out of the body by the exhala- 
tions in breathing. The phagocytes 
(or white corpuscles), which are not 
nearly as numerous as the red cor- 
puscles, hang along the side of the 
streams like lazy marines on patrol 

Our human fortress, through the 
nervous system, is more delicately 
wired than any invention the mind 
of man ever conceived. 

The armor must be penetrated be- 
fore the foes, that constantly lie in 
wait, can find entrance. As long as 
entrance is not obtained the rivers 
with their flotsam and jetsam flow on 
undisturbed; but, let one of the as- 
saulting foe penetrate the armor of 
defense, and immediately the anten- 
nae of the nervous system flash a 
signal to the Commander-in-Chief (the 
brain), and there is immediate activ- 
ity among the marines (the phago- 
cytes), and they are dispatched in 
increasing numbers to the point of 

Like our marines, the phagocytes 
neither ask nor give quarter, and the}" 
fight on both land and sea, attacking 
bacteria within the blood stream, and, 
when necessary, they penetrate the 
tissues and there wage relentless war- 
fare on the elusive enemy. When the 
phagocytes are produced in sufficient 
numbers by a body which has con- 
served the vital forces through proper 
nourishment, exercise, rest, and strict 
observance of the recognized laws of 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


hygiene and sanitation, they will be 
the victors in battle against disease, 
and thus make us fit to cope success- 
fully with the problems of life, while 
enjoying that happiness which only 
good health can guarantee. 

Overheard at the Medical 

Prof. Sapio: "Dr. White, is pain in 
the chest usually an indication of 

Dr. W. : "As a general rule it is 

Prof. S. : "But is it not a fact that 
people having this complaint for a 
few days, and not confined to the 
house, are led to believe, and are 
occasionally told by physicians, that 
they have pleurisy?" 

Dr. W. : "No physician should con- 
vey such an impression. Pleurisy is 
an inflammation of a membrane cov- 
ering the lungs and separating them 
from the chest wall, is accompanied 
by fever, cough, pain, rapid breath- 
ing, and the individual is quite ill and 
confined to the house and bed for 
two to four weeks. A competent 
physician can find other definite 
symptoms by an examination of the 

Prof. S.: "Precisely. But tell us, 
what ails those having pain in the 
chest for a few days, particularly on 
taking a deep breath, and who are up 
and about?" 

Dr. W. : "They usually have what 
we know as pleurodynia, or inter- 
costal neuralgia — a rheumatism of the 
muscles or neuralgia of the nerves 
between the ribs, mostly due to drafts 
or exposure, not at all serious in 
character, and benefited by hot appli- 
cations, mustard plasters or lini- 

Prof. S. : "And thus we dispel 
another common error regarding 
medical topics." 

Around the Circle 

THERE was an old man and he 
had a wooden leg, and he hob- 
bled all about on this artificial 
peg. He hobbled to a bar (this was 
many moons ago) and he stayed there 
longer than he'd really ought, you 

"In the wee small hours he essayed 
to travel home, all unsteady on his 
legs and bewildered in his dome; but 
he hadn't got far when his arbora- 
ceous pin struck a hole in the pave- 
ment and slipped right in. 



"Yes, it slipped right in and stuck 
right tight, and the owner of the limb 
was anchored for the night. Did he 
holler for help? He assuredly did 
NOT; for he never knew what hap- 
pened, this befuddled old sot! 

"But he hobbled right on with his 
one good prop, and he never stopped 
to think and he never thought to stop. 
And his ligneous limb still stuck right 
tight, and he walked around himself 
through the holdam night ! 

"He was sick the next day and he 
died next week, and he passed, we 
trust, to the haven of the meek; and 
the folks back home soon dried their 
weepy lids, for he'd left a little widow 
and about a dozen kids. 

"And the kids grew up (this was 
long, long of yore) and had kids in 
their turn who had kids still more, till 
the land was covered with a progeny 
vast of the tipsy old gent whose leg 
got stuck fast. 

"His descendants still abound and 
their origin they prove by the way 
they do their work in the same old 
groove; using methods that were good 
back in Eighteen Eighty-four, they 
walk around the circle every time they 
think once more. 

"No— it's not with any HOPE that 
we're writing of this crew, nor with 
any sly suspicion that they're rela- 
tes to YOU. But our tender hearts 
are touched by so piteous a plight. 
Yea, it really is to weep — 


"Good night!" 

With Apologies 
The author said a great deal, } r et 
he hasn't said enough, for the peg 
legs that he spoke of in his very clever 
stuff, fall in lots of other holes than 
the ones of which he said; in "fact, 
you'll find those circles in most every 
kind of head. — Ax-I-Dent-Ax. 

''Each morning is a fresh beginning. 
We are, as it were, just beginning life. 
We have it entirely in our own hands. 
And when the mining with its fresh 
beginning comes, all yesterdays should 
be yesterdays, with which we have 
nothing to do. Sufficient is it to know 
that the way we lived our yesterday 
has determined for us our today. And, 
again, when the morning with its fresh 
beginning comes, all tomorrows shoidd 
be tomorrows, with which we have 
nothing to do. Sufficient to know that 
the way we live our today determines 
our tomorrow. 

"Simply, the first hour of this new 
day, with all its richness and glory, 
with all its sublime and eternity-deter- 
mining possibilities , and each succeed- 
ing hour as it comes — but not before it 
comes. This is the secret of character 
building." — Ralph Waldo Trine. 



Relief Department — Advisory Committee 

Conducting Transportation Department 

W. S. Berkmeyb* Conductor Canton. Ohio. 

J. H. Coulbourn Passenger Brakeman Philadelphia. Pa. 

George G. James Conductor Baltimore. Md. 

John F. Wunner Clerk .New York, N. Y. 

Motive Power Department 

L. A. Cather Machinist Fairmont, W. Va. 

William D. Lenderking Plumber Baltimore, Md. 

Henry Loveridge General Foreman East Chicago. Ind. 

H. W. Oldenburg Car Inspector Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Maintenance of Way Department 

Ira E. Baker Section Foreman Kanawha Station. W. Va. 

J. J. Price Account Clerk Newark, Ohio. 

J. W. Richmond Water Station Foreman Garrett. Ind. 

J. F. Thome Section Foreman Aviston, 111. 

Statement of Pension Feature 

Employes who have been honorably retired during the month of May. 1920, and to whom 
pensions have been granted: 


Last Occupation 



Andrews, David Foreman | Motive Power Baltimore 

Beeler, Richard F Clerk , Cond'g Transportat'n. Balto. Terminal. 

Bergman. Herman Machinist Motive Power j Pittsburgh 

Morris, James Engineer I Cond'g Transportat'n. j Pittsburgh 

Newkirk, Samuel P.... Clerk and Operator. Cond'g Transportat'n.l Philadelphia 

Years of 




The payments to pensioned employes constitute a special roll contributed by the Company. 

During the calendar year 1919, S331.920.15 was paid out through the Pension Feature to 
those who have been honorably retired. 

The total payments since the inauguration of the Pension Feature on October 1, 1884, 
amount to $4,035,450.80. 

1 * The following pensioned employes, after serving the Company faithfully for a number of years, 
have died : 


Last Occupation D £££"' Division Date of Death gervtc^ 


Bowers. Henry S B. S. Foreman M. P... 

Keith, Oliver Conductor C. T... 

McGowan. Frank Laborer M.ofW. 

Riley, Charles W Engineman C. T... 

Ward. George Engineman C. T... 

Wilson. Flavius K Engineman C. T. . . 

Witte. Christian Car Oiler M. P.. . 

Connellsville .. April 27, 1920. 

Baltimore May 14, 1920. 

Cleveland April 26. 1920. 

Wheeling May 3. 1920.. 

Chicago May 9. 1920.. 

Monongah.. . May 12, 1920. 

Newark May 10. 1920. 



Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Robert M. Van Sant, Editor 
Margaret Talbott Stevens, Associate Editor 
Office, Mt. Royal Station, Baltimore, Md. 
Herbert D. Stitt, Staff Artist 
George B. Luckey, Staff Photographer 

"Young Man, the Machine at Beardstown Is Now 
Running. Don't Stop It Until You Are Sure 
You Can Start It Again" 

When J. D. Bessler, father of W. C. Bessler, president 
of the C. R. R. of N. J., was general superintendent of 
the C. B. & Q. R. R., E. M. Herr, then about 30 years 
old, was in the Mechanical Department of the same rail- 
road. When he was appointed superintendent in charge 
of the Beardstown Division of the Burlington, under the 
elder Bessler as general superintendent, he went to this 
veteran railroad man before leaving Chicago to take his 
new assignment and asked him if he had any special 
instructions to give. Mr. Bessler said: 

"Young man, the machine at Beardstown is now 
running. Don't stop it until you are sure you can start 
it again." 

Mr. Herr followed the advice and since that time has 
been occupied in keeping running, from year to year, 
bigger, bigger and still bigger machines, until he is now 
president of the Westinghouse Electric Company and an 
executive officer and director of other important indus- 
trial and financial institutions in the Pittsburgh District. 

J. D. Bessler became a trackman with the Burlington 
in 1856 and was successively a foreman, roadmaster, 
superintendent and general superintendent of the same 
railroad. While Mr. Willard was second vice-president 
of the Burlington, from 1904 until he became president 
of the Baltimore and Ohio in 1910, he appointed Mr. 
Bessler as his assistant. Mr. Bessler is now over 80 
years old and has the respect and affection not only of 
all of the employes of the Burlington, but also of many 
other men who have come in contact with him during 
his long railroad career. And his advice to Mr. Hen- 
has been of value alike to that eminently successful 
leader of men, and to many others who have made 
names for themselves in the railroad and industrial 
world through hard work, loyalty and common sense. 

Rigorous adherence to Mr. Bessler's advice is needed 
in this country as it has never been needed before. There 
are too many theorists about us complaining that our 
industrial system is all wrong and offering overnight 
book solutions to the problem. There are too many dis- 
contented radicals who, unwilling to work, sacrifice and 
succeed on their own efforts, as have so many of the 
leaders of our business world, profess to think that 
Sovietism and other cure-alls will produce an industrial 
structure insuring plenty of everything for everybody, 
without experience, without management and with a 
minimum of work. There is another, a larger class, who 
listen to the advice of these sirens and, if they don't get 

back to sound thinking and common sense, will go a 
long way toward putting us on the rocks. 

Deserving to rank with that other axiom, "One work- 
man for a day's pay gets only what another workman 
produces," is Mr. Bessler's advice: "Young man, the 
machine at Beardstown is now running. Don't stop it 
until you are sure you can- start it again." 

Bridging the Gap 

In the campaigns of Life we need bridges for many 
purposes. And we always think of them as a part of 
our journey forward, not for going back. When Caesar 
crossed the Rubicon he did not tell us what kind of a 
bridge he used — he was the inventor of the ten word 
message and didn't go into details when he did anything. 
Once he flashed a vibrant message in three words. 
Whatever he did, he did well. And we know that when 
he needed a bridge he built one at once, just to fill that 

Primeval man crossed a chasm by using a fallen tree. 
Robert Stephenson built tubular bridges almost by in- 
stinct. But in business life there are too many kinds of 
chasms to be bridged for us to trust to instinct for a 
knowledge of bridge building. 

To "cross the gap" to business success we must have 
a bridge, but we have been saved the necessity of organ- 
izing a construction gang. Our bridge is read}'. Every 
timber is in place, and it only remains for us to test it, 
and cross the gap to business success. 

The name of that bridge is Education, the "bridge 
across the gap" that represents the concentrated experi- 
ence and knowledge of bridge building possessed by the 
whole race of business engineers.— H. Irving Martin. 

The "Thank You" Club 

It's great. The "Thank You" Club. No initiation, 
no dues, no long-drawn-out meetings, and no reports. 
Anyone can join, and so small a number as two make a 
quorum to do business. No stated meetings nor any 
stipulated place of meeting. Anvbody can start a 
"Thank You" Club. 

One carries the by-laws around in his head. The 
password is "Thank you." And that's all there is in 
the whole book of rules. That's all it means, the 
"Thank You" Club — just a thank you for the little 
services performed daily as well as the big ones. 

There's a big field in this world for Thank You Clubs. 
Their members take the edge off rough places. If 
Thank You is the password, the genuine smile of service 
is the open reward for its application. — Cleveland Press. 

The Story of a Barrel of Flour 

From Minnesota, one of the greatest flour markets in the 
world, a barrel of flour, worth about $15.00, may be shipped by 
freight to Baltimore for 64 }4 cents, less than the price of a good 
dinner. Think of 200 pounds being carried 1,250 miles for 64K 
cents ! During the past few years the cost of that barrel of flour 
has nearly doubled, but the cost for its transportation has gone up 
only a little. If freight rates were increased enough to pay the 
railroads a living wage, the resulting cost advance in the price of 
commodities would be so small as to be hardly noticeable, so 
cheap is transportation as compared to other things. 

As railroad employes, helping furnish the cheapest trans- 
portation on earth, we are just as much interested in the railroads' 
living wage as in our own. For in the end they are one and the 
same thing. You can't impoverish the railroads indefinitely without 
impoverishing all their workers. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


High Honor for Our President 

On July 1, the executive officers of 75 of the leading 
railroads of the United States met in New York and, as 
outlined in detail on page 4 of this issue of the Maga- 
zine, appointed an advisory committee of nine to handle 
the important problem of car distribution through the 
cooperative action of all the roads of the country, 
the president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com- 
pany being made chairman of this committee. 

Our president's honor is the honor of the Baltimore 
and Ohio Railroad. His opportunity is the oppor- 
tunity of every Baltimore and Ohio man — to help our 
Railroad set the pace in meeting the traffic demands made 
upon it, in responding without question to whatever re- 
quirements are made for cooperative action with other 
railroads, in realizing the high ideals of public service in 
transportation which have always been voiced and fol- 
lowed by our chief executive. 

Great Men Speak Not For a Day But For All Time 

There are persons who constantly clamor. They 
complain of oppression, and speculation and the per- 
nicious influence of accumulated wealth. They cry out 
loudly against all banks and corporations, and all means 
by which small capitals become united in order to pro- 
duce important and beneficial results. 

They cry out mad hostility against all established in- 
stitutions. They would choke the fountain of industry 
and dry all streams. In a country where property is 
more evenly divided than anywhere else they rend the 
air shouting agrarian doctrines. In a country of un- 
bounded liberty they clamor against oppression. In a 
country of perfect equality they would move heaven 
and earth against privilege and monopoly. In a country 
where the wages of labor are high beyond parallel, they 
would teach the laborer that he is but an oppressed 
slave. — Daniel Webster. 

What Brings the Big Ones to the Top? 

When a shovel of gravel is thrown into a handsieve or 
box and shaken, the larger rocks immediately commence 
to work to the top, the smaller towards the bottom. 
And it is even so in the affairs of men. The shakes and 
jars of life send one man up, and another down. Our 
calibre — the size of soul and breadth of vision — deter- 
mines the course we are to travel. — Exchange. 

The High Cost of Low Rates 

Sounds like a paradox, but it's a fact. It is admitted that our 
freight rates are the lowest in the world, a gratifying situation 
insofar as it proves the efficiency of our operations. But it is re- 
grettable that these low rates really help increase ultimate costs 
because they are starving the transportation machine that made 
them possible. A starved machine can't work efficiently any more 
than can a starved man! 

Inadequate motive power, cars and terminals are only three of 
the principal causes of transportation delays, and it would take 
a superhuman mind to register all the wastes, stretching in every 
direction and touching practically everything with the blight of 
higher costs, that these delays cause. Every one of them means 
more money — from you, from me, from everybody, for practically 
everything we eat, wear and enjoy. For scarcely anything reaches 
us that has not, in whole or in part, travelled in a freight car. 

The cure is in higher rates, which farsighted railroad men 
believe will so rehabilitate the transportation machine as ulti- 
mately to minimize delays and reduce costs. 

From An Old Railroad Man 

I met him in Washington Terminal. He worked for 
the Baltimore and Ohio for a number of years until the 
Government took him for the war emergency, and he has 
never gotten back to his old love. He said: 

"I never realized the importance of the human factor 
on the Railroad in pleasing the public until I got away 
from the Baltimore and Ohio. " When I was with the 
Road I knew all our principal trains, their numbers, 
schedules, etc., and understood the characteristic short, 
concise answers which trainmen are accustomed to make 
to passengers. Now it is different. 

"The other day I asked a question of one of your train- 
men. He was nice enough, but from the standpoint of 
my getting information, the trouble was that he assumed 
that I knew as much about your trains as he did. So 
I said to him: 

" 'See here, old man, you have been in this business 
probably all your life, and because you know it so well, 
it is unreasonable for you to think that other people do, too. 
Yet you answer my questions as if I knew as much about 
this train as one of the crew. On the contrary, I am onlv 
a passenger — I doq't know a thing about your train num- 
bers nor how this train is to be made up at this terminal.' 

"He got the point right away and was good enough to 
explain sufficiently at length to put me at my ease." 

Of all the complaints against railroad men, most come 
because the typical railroader forgets that the typical 
passenger is naturally ignorant of the railroad business. 
There are mighty few men in train service who are in- 
tentionally impolite, inattentive or unobliging. Most of 
them like their work, and especially the older men to 
whom it has become life itself, and under normal con- 
ditions have the right spirit toward the passenger; This 
is notably true of our own trainmen. It pays, certainly, 
both from the standpoint of pleasant personal relation- 
ships with the passengers and from the standpoint of the 
reputation of our train service — in fact, it is almost a 
cure-all for a passenger's trouble, to explain situations 
and answer questions fully and pleasantly. 

There's a Difference 

When a plumber makes a mistake, he charges twice 
for it. 

When a carpenter makes a mistake, it's just what he 
expected, because chances are ten to one that he never 
learned his trade. 

When a doctor makes a mistake, he buries it. 

When a judge makes a mistake, it becomes a law of 
the land. 

When an electrician makes a mistake, he blames it on 
induction — nobody knows what that is. 

When a preacher makes a mistake nobody knows the 

When a compositor makes a mistake, the boss says, 
"The damphul otta know better." 

But when an editor makes a mistake, GOOD NIGHT! 

— Exchange. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Charleston Division Setting the Pace 
in Freight Claim Prevention 

By M. W. Jones 

Secretary to Superintendent, Weston, W. Va. 

The Question 

WHAT have we done, and what can 
we do, to reduce the enormous sums 
which are being paid out year after 
year for loss, damage and robbery of freight 
entrusted to us for transportation? 

The Answer 
On December 12, 191 8, the Charleston 
Division held its first Freight Claim Preven- 
tion meeting, at Gassaway, W. Va. Super- 
intendent W. Trapnell was temporaryChair- 
man, and 14 agents and ^junior officers 
were present. All branches of the service 
were represented and an organization was 
perfected for the continuance of the work. 
This organization is today operating on our 
division. Superintendent Trapnell is still 
on the committee, and is as active as at the 
start in his daily appeals to our men in all 
branches of the service to "Do their bit." 
The Results 
They speak for themselves and are en- 
couraging. Yet a short review may in- 
fluence some of our boys to exert even 
greater efforts in the furtherance of this 
very important work. 

Did you ever think how many box cars 
our claim payments would buy? How many 
locomotives would what we waste in claims 
buy? Figure this out. 

How to Do It 
We have all read our General Manager's 
statement that we need cars, locomotives, 

etc., and that by increasing our miles per 
car per day just a small amount, we can 
add 9,500 cars to our present equipment 
without the expenditure of one cent. The 
saving on one-half of one year's claim 
payments on our Road would pay for 
probably 1,000 of the box cars mentioned. 
Do you realize that the claim payments on 
the Baltimore and Ohio for 19 19 amounted 
to some $4,200,000? One-half of this is 
$2,100,000. These figures are appalling. 

If we all work together to cut the claims 
on each division in half, you can see what 
we could accomplish. We, of the Charles- 
ton Division, are only "Little Fellows," but 
we are going to do our share; if we "take 
care of the pennies, the dollars will take 
care of themselves." Stop and think. Are 
we not all working for the interests of the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, no matter 
what department we are employed in? 
This being true, then we are each and every 
one of us vitally interested in the results as 
a whole. Let us pledge ourselves to work 
in every possible way for Claim Prevention, 
no matter to what department we belong 
and resolve to walk always with our eyes 
wide open. If we see anything that we 
think could be improved upon, let us tell 
the nearest chairman or member of the 
Claim Prevention Committee. Remember 
that our officers are all broadminded men of 
wide experience, and that they are always 
willing to hear any suggestions from the 

rest of us. "The strength of a chain lies in 
its weakest link." If we see a "weak link," 
let's not pass it by on the other side and 
say, "Oh, that's not my department." 
Let's tell the other fellow what we saw; 
he will be glad to know it. Many valuable 
suggestions in regard to Claim Prevention 
have come from some of our boys at the 
smaller stations. They know our commit- 
tee is always willing to listen to them and 
they don't hesitate to tell us what they see. 
That's one big reason why the Charleston 
Division shows up where it does on Claim 

Stopping Oil Leaks 

One of the first things taken up was the 
shipment of oil in wooden barrels. Claims 
were pouring in on us for leakage, and dam- 
age to other shipments. The Agent at 
Weston, J. P. Ryan, one of the original 
committee, made a drive on this subject. 
What was the result? Today the wooden 
barrels which used to cause us so much grief 
are practically a thing of the past. Oil 
comes along in steel drums, is delivered in- 
tact, and does not damage other shipments. 
Everyone is satisfied and the Company is 
saving money. Having settled this matter 
to their satisfaction, our committee again 
got their heads together and decided it 
would be a good scheme to set aside a 
"Sailing Day" for oil only, once or twice a 
week. We now get all our oil from Clarks- 
burg, Charleston and Elkins on certain 
days, and we figure as far as possible to use 
these same cars for returned oil empties. 
Claims for losses on this account are prac- 
tically nil. 

Sifting Flour Losses 

Observation told the committee that we 
were paying more than we should for dam- 
aged flour, because of the loading of this 
commodity in cars with leaky roofs and 
doors and with protruding nails, and other 
similar defects. For months there was not 
a meeting on this division at which the sub- 
ject was not brought up; we pounded at it 
all the time on the theory that "continual 
dropping wears away a stone," and for 
some three months past we have not had a 
claim from this source. 

Other Specific Improvements 

Our General Freight Claim Agent, C. C. 
Glessner, says that if you start a shipment 
right, you go a long way toward delivering 
it right. Form G was inaugurated. This, 
as all know, shows list of packages rejected 
for improper marking and packing. The 
Division Committee made a vigorous drive 
on this form and we now stand, as we have 
stood for some time, 100 per cent. 

It was found that many transfer records 
were incorrectly made and others were 
illegible. The Freight Claim Committee 
is now engaged in making a drive to correct 
this evil. 

The Charleston Division was probably the 
first to take up the question of the proper 

No. 1 No. 2 No. 3 

Car Seals 

The car seal is most important. Under private contro an incomplete record is likely to 
cause us to be penalized by other lines in pro-rating loss and damage claim payments, and it is 
important that instructions contained in Form 774. addressed to Agents. Yardmasters, Yard 
Clerks. Conductors and others concerned, governing the use of automatic, self-locking, consecu- 
tively numbered car seals, be complied with. 

Photograph No. 1 shows car that has been properly sealed. But the seal appliance is 
defective and car can be entered without breaking the seal by removing the 20 penny wire 
nail which is extended and supposedly holding the hasp in place. 

Photograph No. 2 shows car sealed, but the pin being missing, the hasp can readily be 
released and car entered without removing seal. 

Photograph No. 3 shows car sealed, but not properly, because the seal is not run through 
the pin. Hence car can be entered without breaking seal by simply raising the pin and enter- 
ing car. 

Many other instances along the same lines could be mentioned, but this is sufficient to 
impress upon all the importance of seeing that car doors, seal fastenings and seals are in proper 
shape before leaving their station. 

All concerned have been furnished with extract of Freight Claim Association Rules, con- 
cerning seals and seal records, by which we are governed in the settlement of loss and damage 
claims and your cooperation is requested in the matter of a complete seal record. 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


packing and marking of household goods, 
as outlined in Rules 3-a and 8. Much has 
been accomplished .along these lines, and 
they are still after it. 

Another important matter to which the 
committee has given much attention, is 
that of watching for under-weights. Con- 
siderable revenue has been saved the Com- 
pany by their efforts in this direction. 

It has been our practice to make a special 
endeavor to have local conductors and 
brakemen present at the meetings. The 
efforts of the men, after visiting our meet- 
ings, have been of inestimable value to the 
Company; also, their experiences are valu- 
able when related to the agents who have 
under their charge the loading of the cars 
which the conductors and brakemen have to 
unload. Consideration is given to all cir- 
culars and instructions issued by our officers 
in Baltimore in connection with freight 
handling, and these are explained to those 
who do not thoroughly understand them. 

At the last meeting an article written by 
F. L. Schepler, assistant to the General 
Freight Claim Agent, in the March Maga- 
zine, was read, and, from the interest 
aroused, it is felt that a great deal of good 
has been accomplished. We make it a 
point to watch all Railroad publications and 
the minutes of meetings of other divisions 
very closely. 

Among those who are much interested in 
Claim Prevention and who were on the 
original committee are: L. W. Peters, 
agent, of Richwood; J. P. Ryan, of Weston; 
J. M. Davis, of Gassaway, H. P. Bankhead, 
of Burnsville, and E. J. Hoover, of Buck- 

Credit is also due to C. M. Criswell, 
representing the General Freight Claim 
Agent's office on this division, for his un- 
tiring work in helping our men. He is 
always ready to explain and to help those 
who need it. 

The real reason of the success of the 
Claim Prevention movement on the Char- 
leston Division is the unswerving loyalty of 
the men to their chief. Superintendent 
Trapnell is always willing to listen to sug- 
gestions, always ready to lend a helping 
hand, always willing to act on any man's 
advice when he feels it is good. The respect 
of the men always means success on a divi- 
sion. Hundreds of little matters are brought 
to his attention every year along the line of 
Claim Prevention and are taken up and 
corrected. No public report ever appears, 
but we know what is being done. 

Let's all get together again, then, like the 
big family we really are and work with all 
our heart for the one big interest we have, 
namely, success of the Baltimore and Ohio 
as a whole. There is no surer w^ay of show- 
ing our President, our General Manager, 
our General Superintendent, and the rest of 
our chiefs, that we really want to do so than 
by handling freight entrusted to us as if it 
were our own. For only in this way can we 
really prevent the claims and save money 
for our Company. 

Commencement of Employe 
Apprentices at Baltimore 

THE Mount Clare and Riverside ap- 
prentices who became full-fledged me- 
chanics by virtue of their graduation 
from apprentice school on the night of June 
21 at West End Hall, Baltimore, know 
how to make a good time out of such an 
event. By far the larger part of the hall 
was set aside for dancing, a good orchestra 
was on hand and yet there was plenty of 
room to seat the graduates and their friends 
for the exercises. 

The apprentices and their genial Chief 
Instructor, J. E. Cromwell, rightfully felt 
that it was their turn to have some fun 
after the hard work of the apprentice year — 
and they did. It took less than an hour, 
therefore, to complete the following pro- 

Selection Orchestra 

Introductory Remarks W. Bell 

President Mt. Clare Apprentice Association 

Violin Selection. Miss M. Summers and V.Buckingham 

Address R. M. Van Sant 

Editor Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

Selection Orchestra 

Address T. R. Stewart 

Superintendent Mt. Clare Shops 

Add s W. W. Wood 

Chief of Welfare Department 

Selection Orchestra 

Awarding of Prizes J. E. Cromwell 

Instructor Apprentice School 

Selection Orchestra 

Closing Remarks H. A. Beaumont 

General Car Foreman, Mt. Clare 

The first prize of twenty dollars in gold 
was awarded to R. J. Davis, helper appren- 
tice at Mount Clare, the presentation being 
made by George Kapinos. Mr. Cromwell 
presented the second prize to R. A. Gallo- 
way, regular apprentice at Mount Clare, 
and third prize was awarded to C. F. Whit- 
son, regular machinist apprentice at River- 
side, and was received and acknowledged 
for him by Ralph Cline, general foreman at 

Other apprentices whose work entitels 
them to special rating, follow: 

Special Mention 

W. M. East Boilermaker Apprentice. .Mt. Clare 

E. B. Bruns Machinist Apprentice.. .. Mt. Clare 

E. R. Kenney . . . . Machinist Apprentice... . Mt. Care 
H. B. Whitson. . .Machinist Apprentice... .Riverside 

Honorable Mention 

E. M. Boylan Machinist Apprentice... Mt. Clare 

A. E. Myer Machinist Apprentice Mt. Clare 

W. G. Watson Machinist Apprentice Mt. Clare 

S. L. Roth Machinist Apprentice.. Mt. Clare 

L. Nagel Machinist Apprentice Mt. Clare 

E. Forni Patternmaker Appr'tice. .Mt. Clare 

C. L. McKenzie. . Machinist Apprentice ... .Riverside 

B. Pressprich Machinist Apprentice.. Mt. Clare 

W. Bell Machinist Apprentice Mt. Clare 

E. A. Bottiger Machinist Apprentice... Mt. Clare 

F. E. Morrison.. . Machinist Apprentice Mt. Clare 

J. J. Meyer Special Apprentice Mt. Clare 

C. E. Ste. Grice. .Special Apprentice Mt. Clare 

Delicious refreshments and enjoyable 
dancing topped off the interesting evening. 

A Time Saver 

Mistress — I want a maid who will be 
faithful and not a time-waster. Can you 
promise that? 

Bridget — Indeed'n that I can. I'm that 
r-ruplous, ma'am, about wastin' time that 
1 make one job of prayin' and scrubbin'. 

No. 1 No. 2 

Rough Handling 

Duringi'the year 1919 we paid out $139,582.59, damage to shipments because of rough 
handling offcars at initial points, terminals, on the road, etc. 

Much of this damage to merchandise is caused at stations and transfer points in "what is 
known as set-back cars. i. e., cars not containing sufficient tonnage to permit them to|go forward 
that day, and in switching the house car is pulled out and re-set with other empties. In such 
instances, it is frequently found that the freight is damaged from rough handl ng in switching. 
Further, considerable damage is caused to shipments by reason of Agents permitting them to 
go forward without being properly broken down. >. e., car properly stowed in each end. Near- 
ing the close of the day. the freight is not sufficient to completely block the doorway, and 
instead of breaking the freight down to meet conditions, car is allowed to go forward, resulting 
in damage to shipments. 

■"■" Photograph No. 1 shows the result of rough handling to car of lumber. Had the contents 
of this car been merchandise, you can imagine what the damage would have been. 

Photograph No. 2, showing broken coupler, is the result of poor switching. 

A large percentage of this rough handling in switching can be eliminated with a little more 
care and attention on the part of employes handling. 


Telegraph -Typewrite the Message in 
Baltimore— the Copy Is Made 
in Cumberland 

THE Potts Printing Telegraph, an in- 
vention for the transmission of mes- 
sages, has been temporarily installed 
in the office of Division Operator E. C. 
Drawbaugh, at Cumberland. 

This machine, though little different in 
size and appearance from the ordinary type- 
writer, is most interesting. The machine at 
Cumberland was connected by wire with a 
similar one installed in the telegraph office 
at Baltimore, 180 miles away. The demon- 
strator in Cumberland touched a key on the 
instrument which rang a bell in the Balti- 
more office. The keys on the Cumberland 
machine then began writing, of their own 
accord, it seemed. This was the answer 
coming from Baltimore. The Cumberland 
operator wrote, in the same manner as if he 
were using a typewriter, "Please send some- 
thing for the Daily News." Immediately 
came the response from Baltimore. 

The machines were in charge of H. I. 
Robinson of the Potts Company and F. G 
Adams of the Railroad Company at Cum- 
berland, and Dr. L. M. Potts, inventor of 
the machine, and W. H. Hoffman of the 
Railroad Company at Baltimore. 

Several hundred words came over the 
wires and transcribed themselves on the 
paper roll at Cumberland just as they had 
been written in Baltimore, letter for letter, 
including all mistakes as made by the opera- 
tor. And thus the messages traveled back 

and forth between the two cities, with 
almost as much rapidity as if they had been 
telephoned, and with probably more satis- 

The keyboard on the instrument is like 
that of a typewriter. Attached to the back 
is a large roll of paper about four inches in 
diameter and of the width of the ordinary 
letter head. Even the shifting of the car- 
riage or the back spacing of one machine 
was accompanied by a corresponding move- 
ment on the other. 

The letters and characters are placed on 
a wheel whose diameter is about two inches. 
This takes ink from an ink roller placed 
just above it. 

On the day the test was made, the two 
machines worked with entire satisfaction. 
Business men at Cumberland were much 
interested in the procedure. Just to what 
extent the Printing Telegraph will be 
adopted for use in our Railroad offices is not 
known, but it has been recognized as a help- 
ful invention that will, no doubt, prove to be 
very usefui. The copy coming from the 
machine is so well written that it might be 
used for almost any purpose for which it 
would be needed without being recopied. 
The results of the trial will be worth noting; 
meanwhile, the operators in the main offices 
at Baltimore and Cumberland continue to 
use this means of handling the regular busi- 
ness of the Railroad. 



W. E. Barton, operating force, Cumberland (seated: ; H. I. Robinsc D ~tts Co. (standing), and 
J. E. Cline, operating force i in circle' 

The instrument that typewrites telegrams 

Of Special Interest To Pump 

By Alfred J. Beal 
Iola, 111. 

NO DOUBT a great many of you men 
have had no end of trouble with 
leaking piston and stuffing boxes. 
Well, here is a remedy: 

Take one of your old rubber pump valves, 
and enlarge the hole in the centre until it 
will fit snugly over the piston rod Now get 
a measurement of your stuffing box. After 
you have gotten the size, shave down the 
valve from the outside until it will just fit 
into the stuffing box when placed around the 
piston rod, with binding. 

Of course, you will have to cut the ring 
which you have now made in order to get it 
over the piston rod. Do not cut square 
across. Cut in a long diagonal direction. 

A small amount of hemp packing should 
now be wound closely around the piston rod 
on the outside of the rubber. Always 
moisten with coal oil. 

A stuffing box packed in this way will not 

Old valves also make exceedingly good 
packing for the jamb nuts or globe, and angle 

If you will try this method of packing 
your leaky stuffing boxes you will find that 
it will greatly cut down your packing bill as 
well as keeping the air around the pump 
station from taking on that terrible blue 
haze with such ominous portent. 

Sharp Shots 

By Dinty Moore 
Of Cincinnati Terminals 

It doesn't look right to us, but a little 
woman always picks a big man and a little 
man always picks a big woman. 

When we see some of the marriages that 
take place we don't know whether they get 
married for sympathy or for spite. 

Did you ever see some sweet-young-thing 
hang on a phone and gab to some bird on the 
other end for about an hour, then hang up 
the receiver and say, "I do wish that fellow 
would stop calling me up?" 

The war was bad in some ways and good 
in others. One good thing was the doing 
away with the O. F. German Band that used 
to play on the corner. 

We don't know much, but the bird that 
wrote the piece, "Early to bed, early to rise, 
makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise," 
was wrong. Did you ever see a milk man 
that was wealthy and wise? 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


The Passing of One of the Pioneers of Our 
Relief Department 

By W. E. Laird 

Chief Clerk, Newark, Ohio 

DR. S. C. PRIEST, one of Newark's 
best known and prominent profes- 
sional men, and retired Medical Ex- 
aminer of the Relief Department, died at 
his home in that city, May 31. He was 
active in his practice and personal affairs up 
until within a few days of his death, which 
resulted from a stroke of paralysis. 

Dr. Priest was born in Steubenville, Ohio, 
December 26, 1847. After an elementary 
schooling at that point, he entered and was 
graduated from Bethany College of Medi- 
cine and Surgery, Philadelphia, Pa. Follow- 
ing this, he attended and was graduated 
from Cincinnati Medical College, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. He then located in Newark, 
Ohio, and practiced medicine and surgery 
there from 1870 until 1880, when he was 
appointed Medical Examiner for the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad. He continued in 
that capacity for 33 years, and retired from 
the service in 1913. 

He is survived by his wife and five chil- 
dren, Misses Anna, Verne, and Frances, and 
Ralph and John T. Priest. The funeral 
services were held from his home in Newark, 
and burial made in Cedar Hill Cemetery, 
that city, Wednesday, June 2. The Relief 
Department was represented at the funeral 
by W. M. Kennedy, assistant superinten- 
dent, and Dr. M. H. Koehler, medical 
examiner at Newade. 

Dr. Priest entered the Relief Department 
while that organization was in its infancy, 

and its present efficiency and substantiality 
have largely been contributed to by 33 
years of his loyal and zealous efforts. 

The doctor was possessed of an unusually 
active and vigorous nature, which evi- 
denced itself up to the time of his death at 
the advanced age of 72 and one-half years. 
He loved the outdoor life, was fond of ath- 
letics, and took personal pleasure in seeing 
everybody and everything around him 
prosper. He had a host of friends over the 
entire System. 

The late Dr. S. C. Priest 

Baltimore and Ohio Handles Movement of the 
Largest Single Importation of Olive Oil 
Ever Made to America 

THE following letter from Musher and 
Company, addressed to our Assis- 
tant Freight Traffic Manager at New 
York, Stuart A. Allen, tells how well the 
Baltimore and Ohio handled an immense 
shipment of olive oil from New York to 

"Our Traffic Manager reports that on 
May 19 the final car of olive oil in bond to 
Baltimore went forward from St. George, 
S. I. This shipment represents the final 
movement of the largest single importation 
of olive oil ever made to America. 

"Inasmuch as the entire cargo totaled 
3,176 casks and barrels, valued at more 
than two million dollars, and required 
nearly 100 cars, we wish to take this oppor- 
tunity of commending the Baltimore and 
Ohio and all of its employes who took part 
in completing the transfer of this immense 
shipment. Particularly, we desire to com- 
mend Mr. Mickelson, Mr. English and Mr. 
Riddle's office for their cooperation during 
a period when every railroad in this vicinity 
had its full quota of obstacles in taking care 
of any business at all. 

"We thank you for your assistance in the 
past and hope that you will continue to 
render Musher and Company the same kind 
of service in the future." 

Mr. Allen's reply to this letter of com- 
mendation says, in part: 

"While the Company and its officers fully 
realize their responsibility as common car- 
riers and are at all times willing and anxious 
to serve the shipping public in the most able 
and efficient manner, it is, nevertheless, a 
great source of satisfaction to receive such 
commendable expressions from a concern 
which has for so many years maintained its 
standard as one of the largest and strongest 
of its kind in the country and which has 
enjoyed the confidence and support of the 
commercial and financial world for such an 
indefinite period. To perform such satis- 
factory service on a shipment of the mag- 
nitude of the one in question during the 
period of congestion and difficult operating 
conditions, is an accomplishment of which 
the Baltimore and Ohio has a right to feel 
justly proud and on behalf of the Company, 
I take this occasion of expressing to you my 
sincere appreciation for your letter and I 

trust you will always feel it will be the 
pleasure of all connected with this organiza- 
tion to do their utmost to handle in a satis- 
factory manner any business which you 
may entrust to us." 

Exhaustive 4-6-2 Locomotive 

A COMPREHENSIVE chart with two 
illustrations of the Pacific or 4-6-2 
type of locomotive has just been pub- 
lished by Railway and Locomotive Engineer- 
ing. The two illustrations show the parts 
numbered and at the bottom of the chart the 
numbers are correlated to a brief description 
of each particular one of the 667 parts. 
This chart will be sent by Railway and 
Locomotive Engineering, 114 Liberty Street, 
New York, N. Y., to any employe forward- 
ing 50 cents to cover cost. 

By Edgar A. Guest 

'Tis not American to lie, 

I Or mean advantage take ; 

^ I'm a traitor to the flag if I 

I Have cheated for a stake. 

I In honor I must walk my way 

£ Nor over-proudly brag, 

I If I have stained myself today, 

j I've also stained my flag. 

I 'Tis not American to play 

I A craven coward's part ; 

^ I cannot be untrue today 

I And true if war should start. 

I I must be loyal to a friend, 

£ In thought and deed, a man 

I On whom the whole world can depend 

I To be American, 

i 'Tis not American to be 

J Disdainful of a trust ; 

I All men who'd keep this country free 

I Must first of all be just. 

j And am 1 false to any man 

I In what I seek to do, 

I And wrong him by some selfish plan, 

I I wrong my country too. 

"f I must respect that starry flag 

i Each minute of the day ; 

I must do more for it than brag 

f Or cheer it on the way, 

1 Despite what wealth may bring to me 

I Or fame or conquest can ; 

"j* My noblest duty is to be 

I A real American. 




3 2 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

The First Horizontal Boiler Coal-Burning 


From Railway and Locomotive Engineering 

IN THESE days of rapid improvement 
that have brought into use automatic 
stokers, oil fuel and pulverized fuel 
burners, it is interesting to look back at the 
earlier improvements, momentous in their 
day but now mere matters of course, and 
almost forgotten. It may not be generally 
known that the first successful coal burning 
engines with a horizontal boiler appeared on 
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between 
October, 1844, and December, 1846, and 
that a substantially similar engine was 
built by the Company in 1847. They were 
constructed from designs by Ross Winans, 
an eminent engineer of his time, and were 
also distinguished by being the first of the 
0-8-0 type on the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road, and were known as the "Mud Diggers." 
Their weight, in working order, was 23 }4 
tons, and were equipped with cylinders 
17" x 24". 

As shown in the accompanying illustra- 
tion, the main connecting rods were coupled 
to cranks on a shaft extending across the 
frames, in the rear of the firebox, and geared 
by spur wheels to the back driving axle. 
The driving wheels were 33" in diameter, and 
the driving axles carried end cranks that 

were coupled by side rods. As the main 
and side rods moved in opposite directions, 
by reason of the interposed gearing, these 
engines presented a novel and peculiar 
appearance when in motion, and attracted 
much attention from the bewildered on- 

Twelve of these Winans engines were fur- 
nished between the dates referred to, and 
the one built by the Company in 1847 was 
known as the "Mount Clare." All of these 
engines were in active service during the 
Civil War, and some of them continued in 
yard service for a number of years later, and 
a number of their cylinders and main con- 
nections were used as parts of stationary 
engines in the shops of the road after their 
road service was terminated. 

Ross Winans is credited as the leader in 
advocating powerful locomotives, and un- 
doubtedly had the clear conception of the 
economy that would result from the use of 
engines as large as the track would carry, 
and, as is well known, it is only within the 
present century that railroad managers have 
endorsed by practice the wisdom of his 
policy. The light track which his engines 
had to run upon kept down the weight, but 

with all the restrictions imposed by weak 
structures and prejudice against heavy 
loads, he built engines that compared fairly 
in efficiency with those of recent times. 
Mr. Winans was for a number of years em- 
ployed as assistant engineer of machinery 
on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and 
aided in the construction of many of the 
early locomotives on that road. He also 
introduced new designs of valve gear which, 
at that time, were considered the nearest 
approach to an ideal cut-off ever made on 

Time-Tables Don't Count 
in Russia 

OH How I Hate to Get Up in the 
Morning" means nothing in the life 
of a South Russian commuter. 
Time is no object in his favored land, 
for there is no such thing as synchronization 
of timepieces, and though there is an alleged 
"official time, " known as " Petrograd time." 
every city has its own local standard, which 
lies — the word is used with due reference to 
its double meaning — anywhere within 2 
hours before to 2 hours after the Petro- 
grad time. Though the commuter's alarm 
clock may proclaim the rising hour of 6, 
the children next door may already be 
lagging along in response to the 9 o'clock 
school bell. 

Literally whole days have been lost to the 
American officers still engaged in relief work 
at the South Russian Mission maintained by 
the American Red Cross because no Russian 
official was ever known to meet an appoint- 
ment on time. 

The "five-fifteen," or its Russian equiv- 
alent, may rumble into the station at any 
old time between sunset and midnight and 
no one would ever dream of registering a 
kick, because no one could absolutely swear 
that the train was not on time. 

Train service, however, in all European 
countries, is demoralized to such an extent 
that no matter from what point of view one 
contemplates conditions, one glaring fact 
stands out pre-eminently: Railroad con- 
struction must precede reconstruction. To 
paraphrase the familiar American by-word, 
"The Constitution follows the flag," in 
war-tossed Europe. The locomotive must 
"go before the human motive." For 
whether the object in view is the distri- 
bution of supplies to a perishing people by 
American Red Cross or the mobilizing of 
troops, without railroad facilities the most 
prodigal resources and the best drilled armies 
are useless. Unless railroad communi- 
cation is speedily built up and developed 
throughout Europe, a regime of famine, 
disease, the utter disruption of countries 
already distracted, and eventual paralysis 
of the whole world's trade relations are 

But, as suggested in the opening 
paragraph, the difficulties confronting the 
civil engineer and railroad magnate over- 
seas are on a scale that would dampen the 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


ardor of any but 
the Yankee brand 
of ingenuity and 
initiative, and not 
the least of these 
is the free and 
easy attitude 
toward time 
which prevails all 
through South 

Planning rail- 
road schedules 
and time-tables 

to meet such exigencies would have been 
Job's finish. Though perhaps, after all, 
the reorganization of train service along 
lines of American efficiency would be the 
simplest of child's play. For it is not that 
the people of South Russia do not realize 
the inconvenience of missing trains, engage- 
ments and dinners through their lack of 
synchronized clocks, but rather their radical 
apathy which prevents them from getting 
together and doing something decisive 
about it. 

The Sturmer Oil Gun 

WHAT is more troublesome to the 
railroad engineer than to find, 
when he thinks that he is ready 
for his trip, that there isn't enough oil in 
the lubricator to make his run? 

The inconvenience and loss of oil caused 
by filling lubricators in the old-fashioned 
•way, by using a can with a small or broken 
nozzle, has meant a loss of time and money 
to the railroads. To overcome this, the 
Sturmer Oil Gun y>-is invented by George 
W. Sturmer, special representative of this 

The Sturmer Oil Gun was demonstrated 
at the last Road Foremen's Convention at 
Chicago, and, through the delegates to this 
meeting, it has been advertised throughout 
the United States. It does away with the 
oil can, screens the oil and measures it by 
half-pints; it can be filled in two ways, and 
can be carried over the shoulder. In a test 

The Sturmer Oil Gun 

of two months' use at one of our round- 
houses, the oil gun gained for itself a record of 
draining and filling three lubricators in fifteen 
minutes, without the loss of a drop of oil. 
Excerpt from the report of the Committee 

on Standard Appliances for Locomotives 
and Cars, United States Railroad Adminis- 
tration, reads: 

"The device has been tried in service and 
has given satisfaction after limited trial. " 

The First Smoking Compartments 

Until Provided Special "Railway Pipes" Were Made for 

Quick Concealment 
By Henry Prosser Chanter 

In Modern Transport 

THERE need be no speculation as to 
the original first "smoking" carriage 
on railways, as it is a matter of record. 
The first one was introduced on the Eastern 
Counties Railway, England, in September, 
1846. As early as 1839 Lieutenant Peter 
Le Count, inspector of rolling stock on the 
London and Birmingham Railway, recom- 
mended attaching a smoking carriage to 
every train, "as this habit has become 
almost a necessary of life with many people." 

It was not until 1 868 that the Legislature 
stepped in to stop the breaches of peace 
which were always arising. Why, there 
were "railway pipes," craftily contrived 
for instantaneous concealment. 

We smokers should hold in reverence the 
name of Mr. H. B. Sheridan, M. P. for Dud- 
ley. In the debate on the Railway Bill in 
July, 1868, the last session of Disraeli's 
dying Parliament, Mr. Sheridan moved an 

amendment making the provision of smok- 
ing compartments compulsory. This was 
opposed by the Attorney-General, but 
John Stuart Mill, making his last speech in 
the Commons, upheld it as giving mere 
justice to smokers. He made the suggestion 
.i\a.t the rearmost carriage in a train should 
be reserved for tobacco. The amendment 
became law by a majority of 22 in a division 
in which only 54 voted. Section 20 of the 
Regulation of Railways Act states: 

All railway companies except the Metro- 
politan Railway Company shall in every 
passenger train where there are more car- 
riages than one of each class provide smok- 
ing compartments for each class of passen- 
gers unless exempted by the Board o^Trade. 
The Metropolitan Railway Company 
obtained an exemption on special grounds, 
but yielding to pressure that company pro- 
vided compaitmcnts in 1874. 

Special Meeting. Baltimore Veterans, Moose Hall, 410 W. Fayette St., August']2 


1 w A 


Left to right: Charles B. Snapp, 1030 N. Fulton Avenue, Treasurer, passenger car painter, Mt. Clare, 40 years service; H. A. Beaumont, 21 N. Fulton Avenue, 
Vice-President, general car foreman, Mt. Clare, 36 years service; "General" George Arrastead Bowers, 23 N. Fulton Avenue, President, in charge Locomotive and 
Car Departments for Baltimore Terminals, 35 years service; Charles R. Weir, Recording Secretary, 1533 Poplar Grove Street, clerk in Freight Claim Department, 
35 years service; W. H. Harrigan, 432 E. Fort Avenue, Financial Secretary, machinist at Riverside, 31 years service. 


Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 

E. B. Rittenhouse, Representative 
Employe of the Baltimore and Ohio 

LAST summer one of the young ladies 
in our Multigraph Department in 
Baltimore, brown as a berry, reported 
for work one Monday morning after her two 
weeks' vacation. 

"Fine time?" I asked her — though her 
appearance made the question unneccessary. 

"Fine time?" she repeated, "you bet we 
did! And we met the nicest man on our 

I pictured Atlantic City, its fine board- 
walk, broad beaches, splendid bathing — 
and the moonlight. But my guess was 
wrong. She continued: 

"When we were getting off the train at 
24th and Chestnut Streets — we were all carry- 
ing heavy suit cases and bags — a nice looking 
gentleman asked me if he could not carry 
my bag off the train. I was glad to have 
him do so. Then we asked him the way to 
Wanamaker's, and as he was going in that 
direction, he carried my suit case all the way 
to the Market Street car, and, as he was 
going that way himself, went as far as the 
store with us, and introduced us to a nice, 
inexpensive restaurant for lunch. Before 
leaving he said: 

" 'I saw you hand your transportation to 
the conductor on the train and knew you 
were a Baltimore and Ohio girl and I 
thought I would help you on your way if I 
could.' Then he gave me his card." 

And saying this she handed me the card, 
on which I read: 




That was a most gratifying introduction 
to a fellow employe, and here I am just 
getting to a story about Mr. Rittenhouse, 
who, personal contact as well as the original 
introduction, have taught me is an altogether 
representative Baltimore and Ohio man. 

Mr. Rittenhouse was born April 18, 1870, 
the son of the Pennsylvania Railroad agent 
at State Road, Delaware. 

His old home there still has the electric 
and telegraph wiring installed by the youth- 
ful Rittenhouse when he was learning to 
become an operator. For his batteries he 

another large paper mill. During Mr. 
Rittenhouse's long service at this point, 
many offers of advancement came to him 
as just recognition of his ability but none 
of them seemed to him to promise so much 
in the way of usefulness and he chose to 
remain there, -making friends for the Com- 
pany and himself, until placed in charge of 
the Agency at Wilmington, Del., in July, 

Business there was enormous, the war 
demand for supplies being at its height. 
There followed immediately upon this, in 

Passenger Station at Wilmington and Some of the Force 
Left to right: Francis Murphy, assistant supervisor; J. B. Ward, clerk and operator; W. J. Russell, 
news agent; W. S. Hartman, agent and operator; W. C. Minker, baggage agent; J. S. McDaniel, 
lineman; I. Washington, porter 

E. B. Rittenhouse, agent at Wilmington 

used glass fruit jars and the zinc was sheet 
zinc melted and molded by himself. 

In June, 1888, or when barely 18 years 
old, Mr. Rittenhouse first entered the serv- 
ice of our Company as an Extra Operator 
and Agent, under the jurisdiction of Super- 
intendent J. Van Smith, working in that 
capacity on the old Philadelphia Division 
for six weeks. Following came the appoint- 
ment to the agency at Childs, Md. At that 
time this was one of the least important 
of our agencies, with a revenue of about 
$250.00 month- 
ly. Later it be- 
came the most 
important point 
for business on 
the line outside 
of the cities, 
showing a reve- 
nue of about 
$15,000 month- 
ly. This was 
largely because 
of resumption of 
the output of an 
old paper mill 
and the building 
of an other, to- 
gether with the 
construction of 
the L. C. & S. 
Branch of 5 
miles' length to 

September, the consolidation of the P. & R. 
and Baltimore and Ohio freight departments' 
work for this city ; an added volume of busi- 
ness, totaling nearly half a million dollars 
per month, the joint office forces coming 
together under the Baltimore and Ohio roof 
and Mr. Rittenhouse's jurisdiction as Joint 
Agent. This volume of business, and the 
bringing up to date of much confused and 
disorganized work fallen in arrears from 
war conditions, was successfully handled by 
the constructive methods of Mr. Ritten- 
house and the staunch and loyal cooperation 
of his helpers. This particular accomplish- 
ment at Wilmington put to a severe and 
successful test many of the theories and 
practices of his life as to how the highest 
efficiency can be obtained through team 
work between supervisor and subordinates. 

Mr. Rittenhouse believes in the practical 
application of the Golden Rule, both in his 
personal and business life — that exceptions 
which may arise from its persistent use only 
prove the Rule. He is of the type that had 
rather do things than talk about doing them. 
He is "long" on cleanliness and order. He 
believes absolutely in the effectiveness of 
"team work." He had rather suffer wrong 
than do wrong. He conducts all business in 
"the open" — absolutely above board. He 
constantly considers the welfare of those 
working for him. Finally he persistently 
voices his enthusiasm for the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad as developing everything 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


that is BEST in railroading, and endeavors 
to impress this upon all those with whom he 
comes in contact. Our patrons know that 
we are their friends and have their welfare 
at heart. That, so far as the merchants are 
concerned, we are in the same line as they 
are, i. e., we are selling a commodity and 
realize that the satisfied customer is our 
best asset. 

The success of Mr. Rittenhouse in hold- 
ing old business and getting new business 
for the Baltimore and Ohio comes princi- 
pally from the fact that as the represen- 
tative of the Railroad he is sincerely in- 
terested in giving its customers the best 
possible service. That he is not unmindful 
of the value of advertising and keeping in 
close personal contact with the shippers in 
his territory, however, is shown by the fol- 
lowing slogans which he has had printed on 
attractive business cards and has sent to 
his customers as an evidence of his con- 
stant interest in handling their transpor- 
tation problems. He calls them "Baltimore 
and Ohio Optimisms" and they seem to be 
well worth the study of other of our agents. 

People are either Optimists or Pessi- 
mists. We are confirmed Optimists where 
our Business — or yours — is concerned. 

Business is Sensitive. It Goes where 
Invited and Stays only where Well Treated. 

The secret of Success in Business is 
Service. He Profits Most who Serves Best. 

Claims, 90 per cent, of which result in 
annoyance and loss, mean Liability, but we 
figure the Satisfied Claimant as an Asset. 

The cheapest and most effective lubricant 
for the Business Machine is Courtesy. We 
know. We use it. 

We differ from the Merchant only in the 
character and magnitude of our Business. 
We are actuated by the same desire to 
attract, please and retain our customers. 

No Shipment too Large for our Capacity. 
None too Small for our Attention. 

In Business, Error and Human Element 
are inseparable. We are Always Glad to 
Acknowledge and Rectify our Mistakes. 

Although young in years and spirit, Mr. 
Rittenhouse came with the Baltimore and 
Ohio so early in life as to be doubly qualified 
in years for membership in our Veterans' 
Association, and holds his card in the Phila- 
delphia Chapter. 

J. T. Rockwell, Martinsburg 

r I "'HE accompanying picture is of pen- 
sioned Conductor J. T. Rockwell, 
Cumberland Division, better known by the 
Railroad boys as "Uncle Tom." Captain 
Rockwell entered the service of the Com- 
pany in 1 88 1 as a Brakeman. He was pro- 
moted to Conductor in 1891, in which 
capacity he served until 191 7, when he was 
retired and pensioned. "Uncle Tom" was 
one of the Company's most loyal employes, 
and at his advanced age is still young in 
looks. Brother Rockwell is one of the 

charter members of the Martinsburg Vet- 
erans' Association. He is a faithful mem- 
ber, and always enjoys chatting with the 
"boys" and giving some of his railroad ex- 
periences. He is proud of the fact that he 
is from Morgan County, where most of the 
best railroad men on the Cumberland Divi- 
sion come from. 

A Soldier of the Road— 
Robert Gray 

TTERE we have a photograph of one of 
our Veterans, Robert Gray, a pen- 
sioned Passenger Conductor, aged 80 years. 

Mr. Gray came to us in 1874 as Yard- 
master at Connellsville, Pa. Two years later 
he was made Local Freight Conductor on 
the Pittsburgh and then on the Cumber- 
land Divisions. When, about 1886, the 
Philadelphia Division opened, he was trans- 
ferred to that section and remained there 
until he was retired, in 1907. 

J. T. Rockwell 

Judicial Reflections of a 

By George W. Haulenbeek 
Law Department 
The Law Department is now well equipped 
with a force of capable stenographers, four 
young ladies and five gentlemen. When I 
came into the department 39 years ago, there 
was but one clerk; no typewriting machines, 
and men only in all the departments. Oh, 
my ! 

The train lad on No. 524, who, by the way, 
is a man of forty summers, does not display 
a very lavish or tempting stock of train read- 
ing matter, unless one regards "Mutt and 
Jeff," "Bringing Up Father," and stuff of 
that sort as entitled to a place in that cate- 
gory. If a passenger should ask for a copy 
of "Scribner's" or "Harper's," he might 

Is it worth while making a request in 
one's letter to the Magazine? Some one ex- 

Robert Gray 

pressed a doubt in my hearing. In a recent 
number of the Magazine, my contribution 
referred to the practice of lighting cigarettes 
in our elevators, crowded with our young 
ladies, with a request for its discontinuance. 
The practice has been abandoned almost 
entirely, showing that the smokers in the 
building noted my desire, saw its reasona- 
bleness and gave it heed. Does it pay? 

Again, I received a very polite and courte- 
ous note from a young lady in our service 
commending my endorsement of the work of 
our telephone operators, adding that my com- 
mendatory remarks had had a good effect 
tnroughout our building. So the conclusion 
that these things do pay, may be accepted. 

I have been permitted to peruse an English 
Railway Gazette, printed in the interest of 
the London and Northwestern Railway. I 
find many things in it to commend. Through- 
out the whole issue is a spirit of loyalty; 
real, genuine loyalty true to plighted faith or 
duty. Our Magazine possesses this same 
characteristic, but I wculd, if possible, have 
it stronger. I firmly believe in "praising 
the bridge that carries me over." 

Mike: Yis, Sor, I was in the charge but a bullet b'» 

Zeke: Were you incapacitated? 

Mike : No, Sor. I wus in Flanders 


Faltimore and Ohio Magazine 

For the Book Lover 

Editor Wrote Greatest 
Editorial After Refer- 
ence to Eliot Books 

THE editor of a great city daily sat at 
his desk wondering what he should 
write that would drive home to the 
hearts of his readers the awful meaning of a 
great disaster that had just happened. 

Mechanically he reached out for the dic- 
tionary and, glancing over its pages, stopped 
at the word "pity." There was a definition, 
to be sure, but only a bloodless one. No 
thrill of feeling warmed him as he read it; 
it was chilled, cold-cut, scientific. He 
turned to the encyclopedia. There was 
"pity" again, but it was only the "pity" of 
the dictionary, amplified, but still unin- 

As a last resort he reached to the shelf 
above his desk and took down volume 50 of 
Dr. Eliot's Five Foot Shelf of Books. He 
looked for "pity" there. To his eager sur- 
prise he found it. Here was Bacon's word 
on "pity," and Blake's, and here was what 
Burke had said, and Hobbes, and Pascal. 

One by one he ran the references down in 
the other volumes, reading no mere frag- 
mentary quotations, but the real throbbing 
thought of the great men of all times in its 
original context, the source and meaning 

municating through the Atlantic 
Monthly, announces the unpleasant 
discovery that there are fewer book stores in 
the United States than there were half a 
century ago. He is inclined to put on pub- 
lishers much of the blame for this regretta- 
ble fact. 

They do not, in Mr. Arnold's opinion, 
cooperate as they might in promoting the 
business of the bookseller. Especially does 
he think they err in refusing to allow the 
return of unsold books. 

Yet one should not, after all, condemn the 
publishers for this. Shopworn books are 
not a first-class asset to any publisher. 
Neither, for that matter, are they a first- 
class asset to a bookseller. And if people 
handle books on counters, yet allow them to 
remain unbought, it is not surprising that 
booksellers become discouraged and quit 

The fact is that the book-buying popu- 
lation itself has been on the decline. Hence 
the book stores have suffered, as every store 
must suffer when the demand for its wares 
falls off. 

and nature of pity. He sat down and wrote 
what proved to be the greatest editorial of 
his career. 

Dr. Eliot's Five Foot Shelf of Books 
helped this man to write a great editorial. 
They are daily helping over 20,000 men and 
women to think straight and talk well. 

What are these few great books that liber- 
alize and inspire the mind and lead busy 
men and women to a clearer way of think- 
ing, greater personal power, wider influence 
among their fellows? 

Dr. Charles W. Eliot, from his lifetime of 
reading, study and teaching — 40 years of it 
as president of Harvard University — has 
answered that question for us in his Five 
Foof Shelf of Books. "It is my belief," 
says Dr. Eliot, "that the faithful and con- 
siderate reading of these books will give any 
man the essentials of a liberal education, 
even if he can devote to them but 15 min- 
utes a day." 

Every man and woman should at least 
know something about this famous library. 
The publishers (P. F. Collier & Son Co., 
416 West 13th Street, New York, N. Y.), 
have brought out a valuable booklet which 
tells all about the Harvard classics and Dr. 
Eliot's plan of reading. It is called "Fifteen 
Minutes a Day." The publishers will send 
it free to any reader of this Magazine who 
applies to them for it. 

And that book buying is not what it used 
to be, despite the claims for various "best 
sellers," is apparent to anybody whose 
memory goes back even a scant twenty-five 
or thirty years. 

When I was a boy there were compara- 
tively few bookless homes. Nearly every 
home I then knew, whether in city or in 
country district, boasted a book collection, 
small or large. Today I feel safe in 
saying that bookless homes are in the 

Certainly they are in the majority when 
one includes homes where the "library" of 
other days is left with no modern addi- 
tions, is left unread, mayhap is transferred 
to the ignominy of the garret. Again and 
again of recent years I have unexpectedly 
come upon these garret collections. Down- 
stairs I would see only a novel or two, per- 
haps not even that. Upstairs, remote, un- 
touched, dust-covered, my gaze would be 
caught by substantial volumes testifying to 
the bookloving fervor of a generation that 
had gone. 

Now, bookless homes are at once a symp- 
tom and a cause. They are a symptom of 

intellectual torpidity. They are a cause of 
unrest, nerve strain and unhappiness. 

For the mind requires food no less than 
the body. It needs to be exercised equally 
with the body. And only through the 
reading and rereading of good books can the 
mind gain all the food and all the exercise 
that it ought to have. 

It is not enough to take books from a pub- 
lic library or to borrow books from friends. 
At least a few books of real worth must be 
constantly available. Otherwise semi-star- 
vation and flabbiness of the intellect are an 
almost certain result. 

Publisher friends tell me that there are 
signs of a renewal of activity in home library 
making. They speak glowingly of the book 
business of the past twelve months. They 
aie far more optimistic than was their wont. 

I sincerely trust their optimism is justi- 
fied. The fewer bookless homes we have the 
brighter our prospects for the future will be. 

New Pocket Edition Air 
Brake Instruction 

The Westinghouse E-T Air Brake In- 
struction Pocket Book, by William W. 
Wood, Air Brake Instructor, is one of the 
handiest and most practical books that have 

Homes Without Books 

Sign of the Intellectual Slump 

By H. Addinglon Bruce, in "Rock Island Magazine" 

(Copyright, 1919) 

Baltimore and Ohio Magazine 


ever been sent us for review. Printed in 
large, clear type, on good paper, and well 
bound, it is, nevertheless, so compact as to 
slip into the pocket and be carried easily. 

Among the contents of this book are: 
The No. 6 E-T Equipment— the Valve— the 
Piping — the Gauges. The theory of the 
Triple Valve, and its principle in application 
to the E-T Locomotive Brake. The Dis- 
tributing Valve — Colored charts showing 
each and every phase of its action accom- 
panied by colored piping diagrams indicat- 
ing the contained pressures. Theory of the 
Quick-Action Triple Valves, its importance 
— principle in application to the Quick- 
Action Distributing Valve of the No. 6 type. 
The E-6 Safety Valve. The H-6 Automatic 
Brake Valve — theory and principle of the 
automatically acting brake-pipe pressure 
Equalizing Discharge Valve — Construction 
of the H-6 Brake Valve. Transparency 
plates in color tints showing the Rotary Valve, 
and through it the Rotary Valve Seat, Ports, 
etc., in each operative position of the Brake 
Valve Handle. The S-6 Independent Brake 
Valve — its construction. Transparency 
plates similar to those of the H-6 Brake 
Valve, showing the arrangements of Ports in 
Rotary Valve and Seat in each position. 
The Double-Pressure B-6 Feed Valve. The 
Duplex Automatically Controlled Excess 
and Maximum Pressure Pump Governor. 
The C-6 Reducing Valve. The "Dead 
Engine Feature" of the No. 6 E-T Equip- 
ment. Combined Air Strainer and Check 
Valve — its application to the Train Air 
Signal System. 

Operation of the No. 6 E-T Locomotive 
Brake— Freight Service — Passenger Service 
— Switching Service — General Braking Serv- 
ice — Grade Work, etc. Reporting Work 
on the No. 6 Equipment. Testing the 
Equipment. Leaking or broken pipes of 
No. 6 Equipment. 

The No. 5 E-T Locomotive Brake Equip- 
ment — Its distinctive features as compared 
with the No. 6 Type — Its Operation — Leak- 
ing or broken pipes in the No. 5 Equipment. 
Filled with colored plates, showing various 

This book is on sale through the Balti- 
more and Ohio Magazine office, Mt. 
Royal Station, Baltimore, Md., at $2.50 per 
copy. Send check or money order. 

Daily Delay Sheet 

We have just received a very interesting 
report published by the American Railroad 
Association, under Section III — Mechani- 
cal. It is on Scheduling and Routing 
Systems for Locomotive Repair Shops, as 
prepared by the committee of which Henry 
Gardner, mechanical engineer of the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad, is the chairman. 
Among the interesting exhibits is the Daily 
Delay Sheet used by the Schedule office of 
our Motive Power Department. The report 
also includes standard forms used for other 
kinds of work on different railroads. 

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